A Fistful Of Euros European Opinion http://so-l.ru/news/source/a_fistful_of_euros Sun, 31 May 2020 00:13:24 +0300 <![CDATA[Thüringen: The Long Goodbye]]> So, what about that German politics? Back in September 2018 we rang the bell to say that this time it was serious and the end of the Merkel era really was at hand. In that post, we reviewed the runners and riders and predicted Annegret Krampf-Karrenbauer would emerge as the favoured successor, which she did. We also noted just how badly Merkel’s succession planning had gone so far, with a succession of favourite sons and daughters disgracing themselves (zu Guttenberg), failing to make the dysfunctional defence bureaucracy work (zu Guttenberg, von der Leyen, *and* AKK – a challenge Merkel seems to set everybody sooner or later), bungling provincial elections (Klöckner), or moving onto other challenges (von der Leyen).

Well, turns out that’s one prediction that lasted really well. The split between the party leadership, the chancellor, and the still-to-be-determined future candidacy was always a painfully awkward solution, and now AKK is out, having struggled to make any progress with the defence ministry or, more critically, develop any authority of her own while Merkel is still around.

How this happened, though, is far more interesting than the mere fact of another Merkel successor biting the dust. The challenge of developing a distinctive profile, policy agenda, or personal authority while the great chancellor is still dominating the stage may be impossible, but Germany is experiencing a complex political crisis which touches all the parties at once.

In October, the state of Thüringen held its elections, making the incumbent Left Party the biggest single force (results) but leaving it without enough seats to continue its coalition with the SPD. Tortuous negotiations between the parties followed, with the important constraint that the CDU refuses to be in a coalition with the Left on the grounds that it is the successor to the East German communists. Eventually, the state parliament convened with no agreement and proceeded to the vote.

An important detail: Thüringen’s state constitution provides for two rounds of open voting in which a simple majority is required to elect a minister-president, before a third round, where the candidate with the most votes is elected.

On the first two rounds, Left Party incumbent Bodo Ramelow got 44 votes and the CDU candidate 24, with the AfD members abstaining. On the third, the FDP (which only barely beat the 5% limit to get seats at all) unexpectedly fielded a candidate, the CDU backed their fellow member of the “bürgerliches Lager”, and then the AfD astonished everyone by voting for the liberal, making Thomas Kemmerich the first FDP minister-president since 1953, and ushering in a mammoth political crisis.

Taking the event literally, as it were, would mean that Thüringen would get a government 95 per cent of the electorate had voted against, without any parliamentary base, and permanently dependent on a party most Germans consider to be infested with Nazis. The decent course would be to refuse the honour, leading to the dissolution of the Landtag and new elections, but Kemmerich wouldn’t let go (not least because taking office for even one day was worth over €100,000 in various payouts to him) until the party leadership essentially bullied him into it. Actually implementing his exit, though, turned out to be rather complicated as the legal options all require either the election of somebody else, or new elections. The parties are finding the first difficult to agree on, and all of them except the Left Party and maybe the Greens want to put off the second as long as possible.

The upshot has been a political earthquake. The immediate impact is easier to list than describe in continuous prose.

  • CDU leader AKK couldn’t discipline the party boss in mighty Erfurt, and resigned
  • The FDP became a national laughing stock and will probably be brutally punished at the Hamburg state elections, as its departure from the centre is now blindingly obvious
  • Unlike AKK, its leader did manage to chastise their local boss, saving his own job at least until the election results hit
  • The SPD is likely to enjoy some blessed relief from its own problems by thrashing the Hamburg FDP and CDU
  • The AfD found a bug and did its best to crash the system, but polling suggests it has gained nothing
  • Bodo Ramelow and the Left party are ruthlessly using the crisis to force the CDU to abandon its doctrine that they are equivalent with the extreme-Right. They may well get it
  • Although Ramelow got a deal with the Thüringen CDU, the problem is now the opposite – the central CDU, itself leaderless, is making trouble
  • The Greens are likely to take another big chunk out of the core CDU vote
  • Having repented of their swing to the populist Right, the CSU has now become more Merkel than Merkel, with a new strategy focused on competing with the Greens

This is all very complicated, so I’m going to break it down into a series of posts spinning off good German content I’ve been collecting.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2020_02_23_th_ringen_the_long_goodbye Sun, 23 Feb 2020 16:03:42 +0300
<![CDATA[Bad neighbourhoods]]> From US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s “The West is Winning” speech at the Munich Security Conference

The West is winning. We are collectively winning. We’re doing it together.

Let’s start with a simple fact: Free nations are simply more successful than any other model that’s been tried in the history of civilization. Our governments respect basic human rights, they foster economic prosperity, and they keep us all secure.

It’s why so many people risk a dangerous journey across the Mediterranean to reach Greece and Italy, but you don’t see the world’s vulnerable people risking their lives to skip illegally en masse to countries like Iran or to Cuba.

Iran has been absorbing refugees for decades from Afghanistan. There are around 1 million registered and more who were displaced. And then there are the generations of Iraqis who took refuge in Iran during the Saddam era. Or as Pompeo would say, they “skipped illegally en masse.”

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2020_02_15_bad_neighbourhoods Sat, 15 Feb 2020 18:23:39 +0300
<![CDATA[Irish election resources]]> The exit poll is out. The widely reported 3 way tie — in first preference votes — between Fianna Fáil (main opposition), Fine Gael (minority government) and Sinn Féin (the ostensible surprise packet in the election).

The next indication of results will be the famous “tally” — an estimate of first preference votes, constituency by constituency, based on skilled observers of the ballots as they are sorted. These people are clearly needed in Iowa (or could have lucrative careers in Las Vegas). Check the website of national broadcaster RTE (and no, that’s not Erdogan’s twitter account) later on Sunday morning for these numbers.

But more than any recent election in Irish history, the action is going to be way down in the count — as lower preference votes are allocated, and the big 3 parties walk a tightrope between too many candidates per constituency and thus splitting votes, and too few to pick up vote reallocations.

At this stage it looks like a pattern seen in other countries — of a quiet late surge back to the governing party (e.g. Austria, Australia) is being replicated in Ireland. On the other hand, much hyped features of last year’s European Parliament election (such as the “green wave”) have gone into remission.

Finally for now, since the main interest overseas will be in the SF surge, here is their manifesto. It has some interesting points of emphasis, and omission.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2020_02_09_irish_election_resources Sun, 09 Feb 2020 04:15:31 +0300
<![CDATA[Stand by for action]]> France, unusually among developed nations, maintains a mechanised infantry regiment among its internal security forces. Technically, they are not police as the gendarmerie jealously maintains its military status. In any case, they are there, based in a weird Paris suburb whose only inhabitants are various uniformed organisations and, once a year, the arms fair. The vehicles themselves are in the protected-mobility class familiar from Iraq, not that it will stop anyone calling them tanks. The mission is, well, to defend the republic against its citizens in the supreme moment. Really. And, well, here’s Johnny!

While we’re all waiting, here’s one of several things claiming to be a list of demands or a policy agenda from the gilets jaunes.

This may have been fed into the movement by failed Frexit presidential candidate François Asselineau but it bears comparison with previous statements from supposed spokespeople, and even the point that it’s something an ultra-fringe party came up with is interesting.

What it reminds me of, most of all, is one of UKIP’s manifestos from, say, 2010. These tended to contain pretty much everything, tout et rien, a bucket of individual resentments, pet projects, and want-wants. Obviously, leaving the EU would be in there, as were some recognisably reactionary proposals about immigration. But there would also be proposals for the construction of 20 new nuclear power stations and a third aircraft carrier, massive social spending, and a mandatory uniform for taxi drivers. This is just like that, including a whole string of enormous social spending commitments, an immediate default on the national debt, withdrawal from NATO, the EU, and French treaty commitments in Africa, the strict observation of all treaties, and the abolition of speed cameras.

Populism is the repoliticisation of the sovereign plus the rejection of method. And the wider culture is defined by the vulgar postmodernist doctrine that it’s all tropes and you can remix them as you wish and it’s all good. As Adam Elkus says:

Or as I say, it’s all about those cat blindfolds. But there is a unifying theme here, and as with the UKIP manifestos, it’s a kind of non-specific, generalized extremism. A politics of interchangeable tropes must end up here. If the tropes truly are interchangeable, the only way they can get selected is salience, and that’s going to be what you get. It probably wouldn’t matter if the available pool of the discontented hadn’t been filling up for years, but then there’s this.

The lesson from the UKIP experience is that the swirling pool of the resentful could cohere, around some selection pulled out of the bucket and some leader who addressed them. However, they would not necessarily do it in any way predictable in advance.

UKIP and Nigel Farage played a much lesser role in the referendum campaign than the newly established and purely Brexit-focused Vote Leave, centred around politicians with measurable name recognition. The money went to Vote Leave, too. On the other side, although the UKIP manifesto went up to massive Keynesian reflation and technocratic construction projects and down to cabbies’ dress standards, it all faded away.

The coherence doesn’t have to be on the Right. The very incoherence of the trope bucket means almost anything can be carved out of its contents. A little later, Britain’s pool of discontent spilled across into Labour. Which makes me wonder about Manu Saadia’s theory here:

There’s a while to go – plenty of time to drop embarrassing fantasies about ruling the Spanish Main in alliance with Cuba and Venezuela and make that stuff about Frexit not-happen. If you hold that 50% of the French won’t ever vote FN, your mission is to beat the best remaining political party candidate into the second round. And the evidence that this can be done today is, of course, none other than Emmanuel Macron.

In a weird way the best thing that could happen for a potential candidature coup de poing like Macron’s own would be for tomorrow to pass off only as badly as last week. Nothing would be resolved but the peak would clearly have passed. An even bigger eruption might bring about parliamentary elections, which would bring back the traditional parties in force and set up a Mitterrandian turn to the centre for the president.

Be careful with that VAB, though.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_12_08_stand_by_for_action Sat, 08 Dec 2018 03:19:04 +0300
<![CDATA[Germany: What if the coalition breaks?]]> One obvious question, now the CDU succession is open, is whether an already creaky coalition government can go on with both constituent parties suffering in the polls. Gerhard Schröder has already suggested that Merkel should call a vote of confidence in herself, while many SPD voices (notably its deputy leader Ralf Stegner) are calling for the party to walk out of the coalition.

This Der Tagesspiegel piece is therefore really useful. The Green co-leaders rule out the idea of using a confidence vote to replace the CDU/SPD coalition like the Liberals did in 1982. On the other hand, they leave open what might happen if the SPD walks out. The question would really be whether to try another attempt at the so-called Jamaican option, a CDU/Green/Liberal coalition, or to push for new elections.

It’s a good problem to have, being a choice between getting back into office or cashing in their surge in the polls into seats in the Bundestag. However, the surge makes it more complicated – the original Jamaica concept was one of rallying minor parties to put a CDU-dominated government over the top, but an election today would have the CDU and the Greens as near-equal partners. A major motivation for the Jamaica talks was also the fear that the AFD would win big if there was another election, but the Bavarian and Hessen elections have provided a well-defined estimate of the AFD threat. If they had made it over 20 per cent, nobody would dream of risking new elections, but instead it was the Greens who broke through. The whole thing also speaks to the tension between their pride in civic responsibility, the mayor’s chain in every activist’s Fjallraven rucksack, and the risk of looking like a bunch of unprincipled office-seekers.

A follow-up piece asks the co-leaders themselves. These say that they can’t imagine why Greens would want to involve themselves in this chaos. However, they have also been scenario-planning various possibilities. If Merkel was to call a confidence vote, they would vote against, being after all in opposition. Before going to new elections, though, they would be willing to consider joining the existing coalition or forming a new one with the CDU and SPD. Jamaica, however, is out. This reminds me that the Greens’ internal consensus rests on a realist leadership swinging to a more radical position on social and economic policy. The SPD is important to the legitimacy of any coalition, within the Greens. It’s a pretty sad role for the SPD, but it is a role.

At the same time, the whole thing interacts with the CDU leadership transition. Everyone is at pains to deny that individual names are important, but Spahn is harder for the Greens, who say they expect European policy and immigration to be the most difficult issues. Friedrich Merz has never had any ideas about the environment, and his idea of Leitkultur now seems a bit quaint. AKK would be the easiest.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_11_12_germany_what_if_the_coalition_breaks Mon, 12 Nov 2018 01:19:55 +0300
<![CDATA[Merkxit Rollup!]]> We repeatedly warned you about believing people who said Merkel was finished, but on the 30th of September, it was time to sound the alarm:

However, the interesting bit is precisely that the challenge came from the perfectly normal, EU-and-NATO Christian Democrats of northern and western Germany, Angela Merkel’s bedrock support. Had it come from ultra-conservatism, Saxony, or Bavaria, you would expect this classical CDU to rally round Merkel, just as it did unanimously against Horst Seehofer back in June. This time, the call is coming from inside the Ludwig-Erhard Haus. This is a bigger threat and one different in kind.

It was, and the point that the Hessen state elections might be more significant than the Bavarian ones also stands up rather well. On the other hand, my Twitter summary of Hessen’s election night was that the river came up to the top of the dyke, but no further. As in Bavaria, the Greens surged, the AFD hit their mark from the general, and both the SPD and CDU suffered. As in Bavaria, it wasn’t quite enough to flip the statehouse, and in fact it wasn’t even enough to change the coalition.

Unless, of course, it was. Incredibly, the state of Hessen didn’t manage to organise a proper election within its own capital. Not only are they having a recount, but urgent talks are going on between the parties in case it becomes possible to put together a traffic-light coalition of Social Democrats, Greens, and Liberals.

You might wonder if the CDU had a good idea from canvassing data or exit polling that Hessen was going wrong, but on the other hand, this Der Spiegel story says that Angela Merkel consulted with her old political buddy Annette Schavan as far back as the summer about quitting after the Hessen elections.

At the end of the day, though, even if the river didn’t quite get over the dyke, the key issue is that the core CDU vote is eroding and it’s doing it across the centre. The polling data is clear – the most recent poll puts the Greens only three points behind the combined CDU/CSU. As we pointed out here, the effect is worse for the CDU as such ex the CSU. My rough estimate is that the Greens are gaining half a million votes a poll, which puts a potential crossover weeks away.

So it’s absolutely no surprise she pressed the button to initiate an orderly succession.

The bells are ringing in the CSU, too – here’s the federal minister responsible for international aid calling for Horst Seehofer to resign and specifically demanding a turn to the centre. Müller says that the CSU has become obsessed with refugees and law-and-order and needs to remember it has a broader mission, notably the protection of God’s creation, the fight against hunger, and the question of social justice in Germany and the world. (I told you the Greens manage to speak to the churches; here’s an example of the opposite.) Seehofer himself is unwisely congratulating himself on not being in Merkel’s cemetery of men; there’s plenty of time for that.

The party rules require a special congress to be held on the 7th of December in Hamburg. Before then, they have agreed to stage a succession of regional conferences, to which all members are invited. Big halls are suddenly in demand. Deutsche Welle has English-language profiles of the candidates here, but they have already sorted themselves into the following three:

Friedrich Merz. This is the guy Merkel beat to get the party leadership. That’s his best selling point but also his worst; he’s been out of politics for more than a decade. The audience he wants is the business world, and what he will offer them is a tax gimme. Back in the day he was famous for wanting to get the tax code on a beermat, but who now believes in that early 2ks/late 90s shiny stuff?

Also, his business career isn’t necessarily an asset. The Marxist blog Nachdenkseiten offers a profile of it that’s savagely hostile but not inaccurate; they share much of their critique with the German finance ministry, which sent policemen to search his employer BlackRock’s offices this week for evidence of tax evasion. It’s really not what you want in the middle of a campaign.

He’s widely seen as Wolfgang Schäuble’s candidate (see here) but Schäuble denies this, offering praise for all the candidates and saying very clearly that there’s no going back on the Merkel era’s changes.

Jens Spahn. The current federal health minister, he speaks to the desire to swing to the populist right and win back the AFD voters, in so far as they ever voted CDU. In case anyone wanted a new Pim Fortuyn, he’s gay and he really hates refugees and people who speak English, yes, really. His biggest problem is simple: nobody actually wants him to be party leader and still less chancellor, on 9 per cent in the polls.

Annegret Krampf-Karrenbauer. Would it astonish anyone that Angela Merkel planned carefully for the succession? Having been picked out herself by Helmut Kohl, she picked out a succession of successors. As in all the best successions, though, they failed to live up to her standards or indeed anyone else’s.

First there was Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg, the aristocratic defence minister disgraced as a plagiarist. Then she turned to a woman, education and research minister, personal friend, and CDU apparatchik Annette Schavan. She also turned out to be an academic fraud, despite a huge and deeply embarrassing effort by the chancellor and a range of academic establishment figures to make it not happen. Merkel lined up her new defence minister Ursula von der Leyen, who is still there despite being yet another plagiarist. Tellingly, she isn’t a candidate.

At the fourth attempt, Merkel eventually picked out the Saarland minister-president, dipped her in a ministry, and sent her to be the CDU general secretary. AKK is the blindingly obvious candidate of continuity and that rare bird, a CDU leader from a working-class background. She is either slightly more popular than Merz or in a tie with him, and in any case much more popular than Spahn. And she is considerably more popular with Germans than the party. She also opened the door to Merz, either as a minister or to head a major project.

There is just the faintest crack of light for another candidate, as the Süddeutsche Zeitung points out. Anyone who wants to take part in the regional congresses has to be put forward by a local CDU branch or one of its national, vertical organizations. But this doesn’t hold for the final, decisive congress. Any delegate on the day in Hamburg can nominate any other delegate or indeed any party member, so the possibility of a coup de theatre exists up to the whistle.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_11_11_merkxit_rollup Sun, 11 Nov 2018 02:29:35 +0300
<![CDATA[Flip It And Reverse it: CDU vs Greens Beyond Bavaria]]> Here’s some more interesting Bavarian elections data. What if we looked at this the other way up?

The parties of the Left, broadly defined, have been on about 30% in Bavaria since the dawn or rather rebirth of democracy in 1946. The CSU hegemony is a thing! Even if the Right is down to only a two-thirds majority depending how you cut it.

If we hoist this in, though, it leads to another thought. Bavaria’s conservative majority has been both reduced and reshuffled. This switches the balance between concentrated strength in direct mandates and distributed strength in the proportional ones. The CDU can’t count on the CSU to deliver 50-odd direct mandates come what may any more, so how’s the CDU itself doing?

Current federal opinion polling puts the CDU/CSU – it is always polled as a unit – on between 26% and 28%, down 10 percentage points from election day. The Greens’ score has more than doubled, from 8% to 18%. How much of this is down to the CSU’s crisis in Bavaria? How much is a wider phenomenon between the Greens, the SPD, and the CDU on the wider federal level?

Well, we know that the Bundeswahlleiter counted in 30.2% of valid votes for the CDU and 7% for the CSU, total 37.2%. We know that the polling is ~27% for both combined. And we further know that the CSU won 36.7% of a Bavarian first-ballot electorate that represents 14.6% of the 2017 federal first-ballot electorate, hence the CSU is 5.4% ((0.367*0.146)*100) of the federal poll. If the total CDU/CSU is 27% of the national vote and the CSU is 5.4%, the CDU alone must be 21-22%.

What of the Greens? Well, their score in Bavaria represents 2.5% ((0.1753*0.146)*100) of the federal electorate, while the party is polling 17 to 19% federally. This can only mean that the Greens outside Bavaria are about 15.5% (18-2.5) federally, or only a startling six points behind the mainline CDU. This might well explain why Brinkhaus went for it. Further, nine points of their 10 point gain since election day 2017 are from outside Bavaria, which matches the CDU’s net loss precisely.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_10_16_flip_it_and_reverse_it_cdu_vs_greens_be Tue, 16 Oct 2018 01:05:54 +0300
<![CDATA[Not the October Revolution, but a Revolution in October]]> Bavarian elections! The short news is that the CSU hit that concrete abutment, but maybe only going 90 rather than 120 kilometres an hour. The Greens won big. The AfD got in, but underperformed their result at the general election. The SPD did badly even in a state where they always do badly.

Who’s going to be in charge? Well. The CSU has a choice between a coalition with the Greens and one with the third-placed Freien Wähler or Independent Voters.

This last is yet another Bavarian exception, a protest movement against the CSU itself that’s strong where the CSU was back in the day, in the countryside and away from Munich to the north. The FAZ covers their conditions here: they’d like a tax cut to look after old Mittelständler, some complicated things about schools, and they’d like to NIMBY some projects that the CSU love and some projects that the Greens love.

The main argument for picking the FWs is that they’re very like the CSU and it might not hurt as much. The main argument against is that they would offer less of a majority, that they are defined by rebelling against the CSU, and they don’t offer any federal perspective. The Greens, on the other hand, could offer a stronger majority and important future opportunities in Berlin. Going into coalition with the CSU, though, would be a highly symbolic event for them and they would set a high price in policy and in heads, probably demanding the party repudiate Horst Seehofer and his policy on refugees. It’s a tough decision.

How did it happen? Like this:

The CSU lost 180,000 voters to the AfD. It lost exactly as many to the Greens. It lost 170,000 to the FWs, and interestingly, 40,000 to the Liberals, who are hanging out to know if they made the 5% mark. Its slightly less bad performance comes down to picking up 100,000 from the SPD, and above all, a last minute drive for turnout, getting an extra 200,000 from nonvoters.

The point that strikes me here is that for every vote lost to the far-right, they lost 2.2 across the centre ground. The FAZ‘s data analysis makes an important related point. 75% of voters who switched away from the CSU gave their “obsession with asylum-seekers” as a reason. 65% accused Horst Seehofer of acting out of personal ambition. 60% of all electors were dissatisfied with the CSU’s performance in government and half of them thought minister-president Markus Söder was untrustworthy.

The SZ has an interview with the Green parliamentary chairman who points out that precisely Bavarian local governments, churches, and civic institutions looked after huge numbers of refugees, and that this Vereinsleben responded to the party’s appeal. If this is so it promises seismic change across the former west Germany.

The Greens picked up the 180k from the CSU, 210k from the SPD, mobilised 120k non-voters, gained 10k from the Liberals and lost 10k to the AfD. The main point to note here is that they are gaining from all directions that have scale – the centre-left, the centre-right, and the disenchanted. The SPD lost people in every direction, in size.

The AfD’s biggest single source of voters was previous voters for “others”, in size 220k, bigger even than the CSU. Across the other political parties, overwhelming majorities think the AfD is infested with Nazis, suggesting that the potential in their direction has its limits:

A crucial issue within the CSU is what impact this has on their federal role. The votes cast yesterday account for 14.64% of the federal electorate in 2017. At the 2017 elections, the CSU’s performance in Bavaria got it 7% of the federal vote. Yesterday’s showing puts it on 5.38% federally – agonizingly close to the 5% mark that would wipe out its federal representation and end its usefulness to the CDU. This may explain why they are arguing about Söder, Seehofer, and company – if it had been closer there would be no arguing.

As for the K-frage, well. On one hand, another enemy floats past down the river, the CSU pays the price for getting caught on the wrong side of the new organizing diagonal between Europeans/cosmopolitans and nationalists/provincialists.

On the other hand, the long term deal between the CDU and the CSU was that the CSU could be Bavarian particularists in a way that had gone from the rest of Germany, and more conservative and Catholic than was acceptable elsewhere, as long as they supported the republic and helped the broader conservative cause. Their super-hegemony in Bavaria helped a lot as they delivered a big block of seats that they held with direct mandates, i.e. with an absolute majority of votes cast. This made them very safe seats, a reliable factor in events.

If this block is now cut down to size it could have big consequences.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_10_16_not_the_october_revolution_but_a_revolu Tue, 16 Oct 2018 00:26:01 +0300
<![CDATA[German Links]]> I have decided to up our coverage of Germany. I was talking in the previous post about the potential for a Green breakthrough in this month’s state elections, and I mentioned that the conditions for this seem to be everywhere but the former East Germany. In fact, although east-west tension has been a theme for as long as there hasn’t been a wall in the way, it has been a huge force this year.

This is a really excellent piece on Sachsen’s history since reunification. In many ways, if you’re looking for a reason why the province (sorry, free state) is the centre of German populism, a short answer is that it’s a microcosm of reunification with the intensity turned up to 11. Was it governed by carpet-bagger elites who swept in from the West? Why yes. Did the new elite set up a patronage network and rule in a way that fostered an insider-outsider culture and Untertanmentalität? Well, they took to calling the minister president the king, and the main way to interact with the authorities was to petition him via the chancellery run by…his wife. But I thought the economy did relatively well and it attracted a lot of foreign direct investment? Yes, it did, but in important ways this was allowed to create a hard division between the new economy and the old. All the elements are there, and they’re not things you only find in Germany.

Chemnitz’s populist leader seems to be more a Saxon separatist than anything else and claims to feel more in common with Poland and the Czechs than the rest of Germany. He is also, weirdly, a lawyer who makes most of his money fighting immigrants’ cases, a Russophile, and surrounded by Germans who migrated from the Soviet Union (more here).

For comparison, here’s polling on what exercises people in Hessen. CDU minister president Volker Bouffier may be in trouble, but the choices are gloriously normal.

Ned Richardson-Little discusses the rise and fall of the SPD in the East. Schröder’s triumph came with a surge of both SPD voting and electoral participation in the ex-DDR, but the let-down was already noticeable by 2005 (you could have said the same thing about New Labour) and the postcrisis elections of 2009 saw a collapse in turnout. This left the CDU as the hegemonic party, and may have resulted in the AfD breakthrough out east.

Gerhard Schröder, you say? What’s he been up to?

Der Tagesspiegel covers his fifth wedding, a small and intimate ceremony for 150 guests in the Hotel Adlon’s Palaissaal. Technically it was a private function because it didn’t appear on the President’s diary, but Frank-Walter Steinmeier did show up in a private capacity. The Russian and Turkish foreign ministers were invited but didn’t show. Russian state oil company Rosneft, however, congratulated the happy couple by commissioning a life-sized portrait of supervisory director, Gerhard Schröder.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_10_06_german_links Sat, 06 Oct 2018 19:56:08 +0300
<![CDATA[Merkel’s Diagonal Politics and the Green Revival]]> The CSU’s horrible autumn goes on. The party is now down to 33% in the polls, and its leaders are deep into the blame game. Bavarian minister-president Markus Söder is blaming “Berlin”, when he is not pretending to be Buzz Lightyear, and when he says it he means party leader and federal interior minister Horst Seehofer, who for his part announced that he is satisfied with his work in the job.

The beneficiary, though, looks to be the Greens. They are now on 18 per cent in Bavaria, overtaking the SPD. In Hessen, where they are in government and where elections are coming up this month, their co-leader and deputy minister-president, Tarek Al-Wazir, has the best personal rating of any politician. Der Tagesspiegel‘s Cordula Eubel puts forward five reasons for this.

The first is quite simply that they are the absolute opposite of the AfD. This is an important and interesting point. Since 2016, I have the impression that the only politicians who have successfully opposed populism are the ones who have chosen full-throated confrontation rather than compromise. Unlike the CDU, CSU, SPD, or the Left party, the Greens have never tried to compromise on migration or Europe.

A while ago I wrote this piece for POLITICO about Merkel’s choice to draw a new dividing line between globalists or Europeans on one side and nationalists or provincial particularists on the other and how it had both disoriented her opponents and put the Greens in the centre of politics. I wanted to situate this in a history of so-called diagonal politics going back to Bismarck, but oddly, the Pol editors chose to keep the modern dance references and cut the ones to Fritz Stern’s Gold and Iron. (The raw version is here.)

Defining the party landscape around this new organizing division has had interesting consequences for the Greens in particular. Where they were once undeniably part of the Left, competing with the SPD, they are now part of the broader European camp and as a result they can now compete with all the parties whose voters they would actually want. This is expressed in practice by the Greens’ willingness to operate in a wide variety of coalitions. Even though the 2017 federal elections were a poor showing, the party is represented in no fewer than nine state governments. An uncharitable reading of this would be that they would sign up with nearly anyone to get into office, but a more positive one would be that one of today’s most important divides is between the wonks and the trolls, and one side of that divide deeply values the willingness to take on responsibility and the capacity to exercise it.

Part of the story here is that the Liberals have vacated the centre and morphed into a populist movement for rich people. This isn’t going too well for them; at the federal level they are around 10 per cent, but in Bavaria and Hessen they are only just scraping over the 5% mark to get any representation at all. Richel, Stauss sums up the problem: the FDP core electorate is in many ways even more conservative than the conservatives, but it’s a tiny and shrinking group, and the party’s efforts to appeal to its conservatism are crassly incoherent with its tragic efforts to seem hip.

But there’s more here than mere centrism. Rather, successful centrism requires an awareness of where the centre actually is, rather than just behaving like either big party with 50% of the intensity. Historically, the party has been contained by a cultural barrier to its right and an economic barrier to its left. The cultural one was defined by its social policy and even more so by its style and tone. A major part of its 1968 heritage was its critique of bourgeois ways in general, while the CDU often seemed to be a positive temple of all things bougie. The problem for the CDU here is first of all that the Greens won the culture wars. Everyone who can afford to lives roughly like that, even if they consume media that endlessly mocks them for doing so. The FDP’s lame efforts at hipstership are a comic homage to this. Tellingly, this is not much different anywhere in the developed world.

The second problem for the CDU and CSU, which arises out of this, is that a lot of critics of the Greens always said their critique of the bourgeoisie was itself rather bourgeois. Wanting a less materialist, more culture-bearing way of life, respectful of children, concerned for the development of personal integrity and full citizenship, seeking a better relationship between women and men – all these things were themes of German intellectual, bildungsbürgerlich culture since the Romantic Era. Like a lot of things people denounce as terribly middle-class, there are good reasons why anyone who can afford to adopts them. The turn-of-the-century life-reform movements would have agreed in spades, and they deeply informed the American counterculture the Greens mined for inspiration. Ironically, in as far as this detracts from their radical pretensions it also lets them speak to values that resonate with a lot of middle-class Germans and especially with the Church.

The economic one was quite simply that it didn’t have much of an offer to workers as such, and occasionally it seemed to think they should be happy if their wages fell because they’d have to sing round the piano rather than buy stuff. Another important point Eubel picks up is that neither of the Green co-leaders has become involved in internal faction fighting. Although they both originate from the so-called realist tendency, they have avoided defining themselves by the fundamentalist side’s hostility, and in fact they have sought unity by adopting a more redistributionist economic and social policy. If this sticks it could be very threatening indeed to the rest of German politics.

Ironically, rather than creating a new docile junior partner for the CDU, Merkel’s redrawing of the lines may have unleashed a powerful competitor to both of the big parties – at least in the West. The next coalition might well be a black/green one, but its terms will be very different than anyone imagined in 2016.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_10_06_merkel_s_diagonal_politics_and_the_green Sat, 06 Oct 2018 19:18:53 +0300
<![CDATA[On The Brinkhaus]]> There is a habit in English-speaking media of trying to force all political developments in Germany into the frame of whether this is the long promised end of Angela Merkel and the rise of the populists, or not. As with anything Merkel, “not” is the way to bet. This week’s election of Ralph Brinkhaus as the CDU and CSU’s joint parliamentary leader, though, is a significant moment.

The parliamentary group leaders – Fraktionsführer – are an important institution in German politics, in British terms combining the roles of chief whip and leader or shadow-leader of the House. As such they are crucial in managing the daily business of politics, organizing the work of the Bundestag, and representing parliament and the chancellorship to each other. It is no accident that they tend to be major personalities. On the conservative side, the office has been held by Helmut Kohl, Wolfgang Schäuble, and of course Angela Merkel. On the side of social democracy you could count Kurt Schumacher and Helmut Schmidt. Spilling one, as the Aussies say, is a big deal.

Volker Kauder, the incumbent, looked like to join that list, having held the job since 2005 as one of Merkel’s closest associates. As ARD reports here as part of a useful profile, it was a considerable surprise that anyone even ran. Not even Brinkhaus’ own regional party would support him openly. Yet he won, by 125 to 112, earning a classically Merkel-ish remark that “in democracy, sometimes you lose, and there’s no point trying to pretty that up”.

It would be traditional here to start talking about refugees, the EU, and the like. It would also be hopelessly wrong. Brinkhaus’ triumph is interesting precisely for what he is not.

He is not a candidate of the Bavarian CSU or an intimate of Horst Seehofer. In fact, Seehofer and the CSU campaigned for Kauder’s election, so it is as much a slap in the face for the CSU leadership as it is for anyone. He is not a southerner, an ex-East German, or a Saxon. Instead he represents his home town, Gütersloh, up in the north-west. He is an economist, a Bosch executive turned tax-adviser, and came to politics through the Roman Catholic youth movement after serving in the cold war Bundeswehr as an anti-tank gunner. This is as perfectly standard a CDU career as it is possible to imagine. He is not a Eurosceptic or a Russophile. His previous political office was as chair of the Bundestag budget committee, in which he had an important role in coping with the Eurozone crisis. Even his Twitter feed, when I last looked, showed him with representatives of the German Chamber of Commerce and the Federation of German Industries, saying that he understood their case for lower taxes but it was in the good times that a budget gets ruined. If you want to feel the sheer spießbürgerlichkeit for yourself, his parliamentary dance card is here and here is a Der Tagesspiegel profile.

One conclusion you could draw here is that this is a non-event. One perfectly normal Christian Democrat is replaced by another. However, the interesting bit is precisely that the challenge came from the perfectly normal, EU-and-NATO Christian Democrats of northern and western Germany, Angela Merkel’s bedrock support. Had it come from ultra-conservatism, Saxony, or Bavaria, you would expect this classical CDU to rally round Merkel, just as it did unanimously against Horst Seehofer back in June. This time, the call is coming from inside the Ludwig-Erhard Haus. This is a bigger threat and one different in kind.

A twist, interestingly, is that journalists at the count reported the CSU members seemed delighted to spill Kauder. This should remind us, again, that Kauder was the candidate of party leader Seehofer, Bavarian minister-president Markus Söder, and the head of the Bavarian caucus in parliament, Alexander Dobrindt. You cannot therefore understand this as a Bavarian rebellion against Merkel. Instead, Brinkhaus seems to have appealed as much to CSU members at odds with Seehofer, watching their poll numbers deteriorate steadily ahead of October 14th’s state election. Not so long ago they were on 50%, but the latest survey puts them down to 35%. As Seehofer is now defined by his failed effort to topple Merkel, you could make a case that Brinkhaus has won partly on the back of outrage at Seehofer’s disloyalty. This Der Tagesspiegel piece makes the interesting point that a week before the vote, Hessen’s Christian Democrats voted out their chief partly because of a clumsy effort he made to support Kauder, and replaced him with a human rights campaigner and vigorous supporter of #refugeeswelcome. The spill was possible precisely because the replacement, Michael Brand, stood for continuity rather than change.

That said, everyone in German politics is now talking succession. The Hessen issue is important, as the state elections there are coming up on the 28th October while Bavaria consumes most of the attention. This excellent blog post points out that state-level elections commonly show dramatic late swings, as most voters only turn their attention to regional politics late in the day. As a result, the conservative-green coalition there might be in trouble, and losing a showpiece statehouse might trigger all sorts of things. By then, though, the CSU might have lost power in Bavaria, an October revolution that would put anything in Hessen into the shade.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_09_30_on_the_brinkhaus Sun, 30 Sep 2018 14:16:04 +0300
<![CDATA[Yes, Trump could turn GPS off – he’s doing it with broadcast time]]> So we did a blog and people got shouty at the idea that Trump might try to bill the world’s GPS users.

Now it is his literal policy to shut down the US National Institute of Standards and Technology’s time reference broadcast.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_09_10_yes_trump_could_turn_gps_off_he_s_doi Mon, 10 Sep 2018 01:40:21 +0300
<![CDATA[Instrumentality (in architecture)]]> A repeated message in current architectural writing is to warn against ‘means-end thinking’, or ‘instrumental thinking’. For example, we might decide that we want to live in a home that has a constant temperature of 22 degrees centigrade, or that ‘has a view to the south-east’, and with these ends in mind, we go about arranging them; we find the means, whatever those are. And this—it’s said—is a bad way of doing things. The warning extends to architectural types; to think of whole buildings as objects serving our purposes—a research facility, a learning resource centre, a shopping mall—is also to practice ‘means-end thinking’. The cost—it’s said—is twofold; the resulting construction will not be worthy of its inhabitants, and worse, we risk “spoliation” of the environment. Instead, architects should aim at a simpler, more direct relationship with places, with people and with customs of inhabitation. Not housing, schools, factories, but dwellings, and gathering places of the community. Not needs met, but people addressed—so to speak—‘in their fullest being’ (my phrasing). Here’s an example of the message, from Dalibor Vesely:

“Architecture has probably never abandoned completely its humanistic role, though in modern times this role has mostly been improvised. That approach may no longer suffice in a changing world increasingly dominated by instrumentally oriented expectations. To preserve its primary identity and humanistic role in the future, architecture must establish credentials on the same level of intelligibility as instrumental thinking, while at the same time it must integrate and subordinate the instrumental knowledge and the technical potential of human beings to their praxis. This is, in essence, my aim in broad outline …” (Vesely, ‘Architecture in an Age of Divided Representation’ (2004), p. 5)

We got here, as I hinted at before, via Heidegger. How? Heidegger’s core project is to provide an alternative to the traditions of metaphysics. Most people—and, you’ll be reassured to learn, four out of five living philosophy specialists, by their own self-reports—believe that there is a world of things with independent existence outside of the mind that experiences and recognises these things: this is realism; the world is real. Most people, but not all people. There is an alternate view, which is that the things of experience are things of the mind, and we should be sceptical of the existence of—or at least of the appearance of—what some might take to be a mind-independent world. There are several variations of this line of thinking in philosophy, sometimes termed idealism, or anti-realism, depending on the version, and all of them tending to have a sophistication which I can’t tackle here.

And there are complications. We also like to predicate of objects that we encounter in experience; for example, we say ‘I see the roof is shiny’ or ‘you’ll find the path is bumpy’ in the confidence that many things are shiny or bumpy: that those things are alike in those ways; they have properties. There is then a range of views about what properties are. When we predicate, do we refer to something somehow in the object, to something mental that groups objects together, or do we invoke something we might call a universal; something external to the mind, and whose location cannot be given?

Heidegger’s approach is to suggest that there is a difference between things existing—mere existence, we might say—and those same things having a certain graspable or connectable kind of being. Things—for Heidegger—have this special kind of being only when experienced by us with purposive engagement; he collectively terms such things ‘equipment’ and describes the special kind of being as ‘readiness-to-hand’ (zuhandenheit). As examples, Heidegger determinedly points to everyday objects, when we use a hammer—when we engage purposively with a hammer—the hammer is ‘equipment’ and has zuhandenheit. As a metaphysical position, this is not realism—in this picture the existence of things is in a certain way conditional on our experiencing them—but it is not idealism either; things retain a mind-independent mere existence. To put it in Heidegger’s terms, beyond our engagement with them, things continue to have ‘presence-at-hand’ (vorhandenheit) as things ‘in’ the world (as the desk is ‘in’ the room, and the room is ‘in’ the university). We may still relate to such things that are only ‘present-at-hand’, but our doing so is a sort of reduction; we come to consider such things, in our detachment, as objects, and ourselves as subjects. When we treat things as ‘present-at-hand’—as only objects of our curiosity—we achieve for ourselves only a less authentic way of being; full authenticity is only found in engagement, in connection with the ‘ready-at-hand’.

Which is all fine. In a way. The philosopher Rudolf Carnap, in a sharply critical piece of 1932 (‘The Elimination of Metaphysics Through Logical Analysis of Language’), argues for much tighter control of expression in philosophical writing than he sees in Heidegger (whom he names). For Carnap, a term such as ‘being’, in philosophical writing at least, must be understood only through its role as an ‘existence quantifier’; a thing x is (or is not)—this is the quantifier—and has property F (or does not have it). Existence is not to be predicated of something; there are not kinds of existence, or kinds of being. My intent is not to try to come to a judgement on this. For my purposes, what is more interesting in Carnap’s essay is what he follows with:

“The metaphysician believes that he travels in territory in which truth and falsehood are at stake. In reality, however, he has not asserted anything, but only expressed something, like an artist. [But] Lyrical poets … do not try to refute in their poem the statements in a poem by some other lyrical poet.”

And I think the implication of egotism in Heidegger is right. Heidegger takes himself to be getting at something of crucial importance. His metaphysical picture is to give a foundation to sciences: “basic concepts determine the way in which we get an understanding beforehand of the area of subject-matter underlying all the objects a science takes as its theme, and all positive investigation is guided by this understanding”. Indeed, his metaphysics is meant to overturn wrong thinking generally; an incredible ambition. In a jarring passage in Being and Time he writes (my emphasis):

“It would be unintelligible for Being-in-the-world to remain totally veiled from view, especially since Dasein has at its disposal an understanding of its own Being, no matter how indefinitely this understanding may function. But no sooner was the ‘phenomenon of knowing the world’ grasped than it got interpreted in a ‘superficial’, formal manner. The evidence for this is the procedure (still customary today) of setting up knowing as a ‘relation between subject and Object’—a procedure in which there lurks as much ‘truth’ as vacuity. But subject and Object do not coincide with Dasein and the world.”

The construction “no sooner was … than it got interpreted” (admittedly here in translation) is surprisingly flat footed in the context of the—mostly—spare and measured aesthetic of Heidegger’s prose; I think it reveals a competitive motivation to his project. A big mistake has been made, Heidegger seems to say; it must not only be commented on, it must be reversed.

And so we get to building. There is also wrong thinking—Heidegger comes to say after an interval that includes a world war and the rise and fall of fascism in Germany—in the way which we build. And there is a better way to build; it can be done, he says:

“Let us think for a while of a farmhouse in the Black Forest, which was built some two hundred years ago by the dwelling of peasants. Here the self-sufficiency of the power to let earth and heaven, divinities and mortals enter in simple oneness into things, ordered the house. It placed the farm on the wind-sheltered mountain slope looking south, among the meadows close to the spring. It gave it the wide overhanging shingle roof whose proper slope bears up under the burden of snow, and which, reaching deep down, shields the chambers against the storms of the long winter nights. It did not forget the altar corner behind the community table; it made room in its chamber for the hallowed places of childbed and the “tree of the dead”—for that is what they call a coffin there: the Totenbaum—and in this way it designed for the different generations under one roof the character of their journey through time. A craft which, itself sprung from dwelling, still uses its tools and frames as things, built the farmhouse.”

By ‘dwelling’ and ‘entering in simple oneness into things’ Heidegger intends his own metaphysic of zuhandenheit: purposive engagement, craft; not our habitual subject-object, or means-end thinking. We may doubt the accuracy of Heidegger’s description; it seems touristic, we may say. What are these houses really like? What has been left out? But it’s the phrase “by the dwelling of peasants” that strikes. Are these real people? Who were they? How does he know of them? What does he know of them? What reports do we have of their thinking? Is the house itself taken to be evidence of that? If not, then what is?

Let’s say that such a house, either as Heidegger describes it, or as we might find one, is evidence of the thinking—of the way of being, to put it in Heidegger’s terms—of its builders. If this is right, then it seems that to do as they did will be to be as they were, at least to a degree. Yet to do as they did asks us to take note of features of the house; these gables, those windows, those beams, etc. But which features are the correct ones to take note of? Are we sure that none of what we see was put into place by means-end thinking? The real history of Black Forest houses suggests that earlier examples were built with living rooms facing the hillside, and not facing out, over the valley, as we might naturally expect. At some time, a switch was made and later examples do have valley-facing living rooms. But why was this done? Can we be sure that no Black Forest farmers simply had the thought that it would be nice to look out at the valley and asked themselves what would have to happen to bring that about? I suggest that we cannot. (And, if this is what happened, I can see no way to respectably denigrate the motivation of those people: if it seemed good to them to have that end in mind, in a very similar way to how it might seem good to us to have it, then all power to them.)

Heidegger, of course, presents his example and then immediately disavows it:

“Our reference to the Black Forest farm in no way means that we should or could go back to building such houses; rather, it illustrates by a dwelling that has been, how it was able to build.”

So what should we build? We stand outside the craft tradition attributed to the Black Forest farmers. What is our own craft tradition supposed to consist of? We will know, Heidegger suggests, if we adopt the metaphysic of zuhandenheit. But note that the farmhouse—Heidegger’s example—now has no real role to play here. We can understand the hammer easily enough; the farmhouse is a much more complex affair. It is probably unsafe to assume that any of its features will guide us; we are instead reliant on first principles: Heidegger’s metaphysics, if we choose to go that way. Some architectural writers seem to work back from ‘Building, Dwelling, Thinking’—finding the picture there attractive—to some of Heidegger’s other writing, coming to support his normative demand—i.e. we should reduce our tendency to means-end thinking—assigning that demand extra weight ‘because Heidegger’ (i.e. it comes from authority) and only perhaps as a last step internalising a Heideggerian metaphysics. It might be better to work forwards: is Heidegger’s metaphysics convincing to you (is it better than alternatives; is it worse, even, than anything; is it—as Carnap seems to think—somewhere between psychology and fiction); if it is convincing, does it give any weight at all to Heidegger’s normative demand as applied generally, and if so, what does this mean for building specifically? If you find his metaphysics unconvincing (or just of no moral consequence), it is still open to you, as a designer, to pursue something we could call a ‘mindfulness approach’, or even a ‘psychology of Heidegger’. In this, we would pay careful attention to things of the world on the grounds that (occasional) simple, direct engagement with things of the world is a good, happy and productive thing. But contra Heidegger, we needn’t think that our mindfulness signifies any great truth. Heidegger objects:

“… this characteristic [of zuhandenheit] is not to be understood as merely a way of taking [things], as if we were talking such ‘aspects’ into the ‘entities’ which we proximally encounter, or as if some world-stuff which is proximally present-at-hand in itself were ‘given subjective colouring’ …”

We are not to give things subjective colouring, he says, except that we can; this choice is open to us.

And we can go further, again without internalising any particular metaphysics; we can agree that means-end thinking is often unsatisfactory, and sometimes destructive. Here, though, I think much more caution is needed. We do not live and work in a world made only by us, or by those near to us; we live in enormous societies with many technical specialisms. Some of these (many of them, even) apply to building. For example, someone has researched the role of radon gas in health, and found out that it collects in basements, and can be mitigated in a certain way; it is very hard to see the ‘means-end thinking’ that has been done here as anything other than beneficial. Similarly, someone has researched the performance of materials as applied to structures, or to fire resistance, with lessons for the way we build. Beyond individual buildings, someone has researched the effects of certain approaches to town planning, to transport planning, also with lessons for the way we build. Even as we retain traditions—if we retain them—we may choose to modify them: rationally, instrumentally. Or we may choose to abandon them: again, rationally, instrumentally. It is a big stretch to call into question or demote  all ‘means-end thinking’ (and still more of a stretch to insist that we all pay serious attention to the phenomenologically-grounded world view of one twentieth century writer): it surely depends on the means, and on the end.

(Cross-posted from my architecture and planning blog: groupbuilding.net)

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_09_09_instrumentality_in_architecture Sun, 09 Sep 2018 20:04:55 +0300
<![CDATA[What He Said]]> Blogging identity Will Davies gets in the NYT:

One way to understand the rise of reactionary populism today is as the revenge of sovereignty on government.

AFOE back in March 2017:

Liberalism, very broadly defined, likes to see the state as a neutral force, hanging “above the parties” as the Germans say. Conservatism and socialism both see it as a force for universal good, differently defined. They all, however, believe that it is different from partisan politics. This does not mean that it is apolitical, just that it is different. Parties and interest groups come and go, but the state endures, and at least claims to serve the public good. One way to look at this is as a depoliticisation of the state. Rather than being defined by opposition to an enemy, it is defined by the inclusion of its citizens.

Carl Schmitt argued that the fundamental political act was to define friends and enemies. He is an example of a long-running counter-tradition in Western political thought that fears this depoliticisation and wishes for a partisan state. Populists demand that the government takes sides among its citizens, that it acts in an explicitly partisan manner. They want to feel that the state is on their side, not because it serves the public good, but because they personally get took care of. Following any particular method obstructs the state in doing this, as it requires that the state acts in accordance with rules…

]]> http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_08_27_what_he_said Mon, 27 Aug 2018 17:59:25 +0300 <![CDATA[Chances de negócios para iniciantes]]> Já vimos esse termo “Oportunidade de negócios” imensas vezes na Internet, mas o que é especialmente uma oportunidade de empreendimento? A maior parte das vizinhos pensa de que significa deter uma oportunidade por ter este nosso próprio negócio. Mas o leitor sabe o de que este termo oportunidade de empreendimento significa de modo a empresários profissionais ou experientes? É bronco; Oportunidade por negócio foi uma chance de que o leitor obtem converter usando segurança uma pequena quantia por capital em uma soma elevado. Sim, em geral, a limitação de oportunidade por negócio foi tão inculto quanto isso.

Inúmeras pessoas se tornam financeiramente independentes, porém vale a pena quando não possui o saber suficiente nessa indústria? De modo a se tornar um empresário de êxito, sempre aprenda e obtenha o máximo de informações possível sobre o setor de negócios. As vizinhos pensam que determinados dos grandes empresários são apenas aqueles que têm uma enorme quantia por numerário, mas não, não é especialmente apenas o valor qual conta, é especialmente este conhecimento deles, o que é especialmente completamente diferente do um funcionário que trabalha. São esses tipos do pessoas que conseguem identificar uma oportunidade por negócio apenas quando a veem. Se você quer ser bem sucedido nesta indústria, então o leitor deve continuamente analisar em um comprimento do onda natural, único dos outros. Nesta indústria, sobreviver e suceder depende da tua mentalidade e não do capital.

Cá permane uma de causas muito mais básicas. Qualquer oportunidade por empreendimento utilizando custo inicial zero foi deveras uma oportunidade desprovido perigos. Se o visitante meter em nada e fazer do volta mal o suficiente de modo an adquirir este almoço em seu restaurante local favorito, é mais do que a maior parte de vizinhos de iDeals negócios são capazes de executar. Foi simples achar oportunidades do negócios que podem vir an ir seu valor quando você estacionaestaficafixa jazepararpermanecequeda investindo amplamente, mas um verdadeiro especialista sabe saiba como fazer um produto do nada, como começar com a mudança pelo bolso e transformá-lo em uma pequena fortuna.

Existem inúmeras oportunidades de negócios por aí na net e eles são comunidade de negócios on-line com custo de arranque. A idéia global é tornar-se um empreendedor sem recurso financeiro e fazê-lo com 1 negócio em linha parece ser a resposta. Você pode pegar o dinheiro que você permite com isso e investir em um serviço com uma inicialização um pouco maior. Uma coisa é certa, não introduzir nada e recuperar nada não é especialmente uma oportunidade. Bottom line é, se você não gosta do que você está fazendo, em seguida, suficiente sair, como seria demasiado chato em trabalhar um produto sem pagamento. No entanto, se o leitor gosta de tomar isso, você deve testemunhar tais como conquistar mais valor com isso e começar a ganhar lucros. Se você estacionaestaficafixa jazepararpermanecequeda planeando seguir isso, então de modo a começar o visitante deve ir usando aquelas coisas de que não leva recurso financeiro de modo an instituir, e então tentar testemunhar uma forma de colocar seu numerário é de modo a qual o visitante possa dobrá-las.

Se deseja 1 mercado seguro, experimente o varejo on-line e negocie somente produtos naturais populares. Não corra riscos em determinados planos longos. Constate este de que as pessoas estão sempre comprando e seja quem está vendendo. Procure baixo custo inicial, cafifa retorno e baixo perigo. Isso é especialmente o qual faz uma verdadeira oportunidade de negócio.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_07_09_chances_de_neg_cios_para_iniciantes Mon, 09 Jul 2018 15:32:41 +0300
<![CDATA[Is your Blog Working For Your Web-site?]]> Fine right now we know articles is king. And naturally since our company is creating our own blogs, (remember blogs is certainly short slang for Websites – which can be what all their “formal and official” identity is), the majority of our data is going to be “unique” and “Original”. Yet once in a while, since we could only our, and since we simply cannot “create” more and more facts, we is going to copy facts from other sites. That is great. There is no issue with that, UNLESS, you decide that “copying” and/or “linking” is simply better and forego writing nearly anything.

Now let me make this crystal clear. If you are providing a service in people, where most of your business is usually to offer out links to other places just where people can usually get information, therefore are a repository where people come to get links, because you already would all the explore – that is fine. Since what you will loose in content, you will make-up in “eyeballs” and “hits”. Remember the result of good search engine listings is just that. MORE GETS – EVEN MORE EYEBALLS – MORE PERSONS VISITING. And content can be not the sole parameter an Search Engine examines. Not by a long shot.

This is a critical point to keep in mind. All kinds of things we will talk about, every method, via content to email to prospect lists to anything, has nonetheless one target in mind. To consistently and constantly enhance and build your website “hits”. To make certain you have an ever-growing “fan” club “motivated” because of the provider you are offering, to come back. So please differentiate amongst the end goal plus the methods. Articles (discussed inside our first article) is a approach towards the objective of getting classified by a good standing on a search engine, and the objective is to possess people use and come to your site or blog, and generate a “buzz” about it. (We definitely will talk about this much later inside our series. )

Let us resume content for any moment. Right here we are discussing something that each and every one writers know about and are knowledgeable about. Text, sayings, phrases. Initial, unique textual content.

So in order to continue on our personal fairly logical path, all of us will now concentrate on the “text” and what has to be in it. Which usually brings us to the subject of “keywords”. Ahead of explaining just what these are and either their importance or perhaps total invalidity and worthlessness these days, (and this is up for debate) let’s define keywords more cautiously.

If you have a site selling hair beauty helps, you will want to sell your materials writing articles around whatever you are selling. Definitely if you write something about the difference between different types of dish washers, this is not likely to relate to the “subject matter” and articles of your site. So you can write content around your mane supplies. You are likely to write articles on good hair care, means dye nice hair, how to get rid of split-ends, when to hair shampoo etc . and so forth

Our magic hair website is called “Hair Is Certainly not Forever”. Nonetheless this is each of our site for now and we will retain it as we go along. hairisnotforever also has a blog. This blog all of us will call up “SilkyFairHair” and we will put it, with regard to our case in under the name of the proprietor who will be aptly known as Mr. Neither Hair. Right now we have as follows:

1 . Web Site – Hair Forever @ 2 . Blog page – SilkyFairHair @ (this URL is usually fictional)

These types of names ARE important and so are the URL’s. (URL stands for Widespread Resource Locater). So wear them mind even as we go along through these articles specially when I are able to the article on the importance of discovering the right name.

Hence Mr. Neither Hair wonderful wife, Mrs. Purple Hair work together. They will create the internet site, get all the necessary products to sell some thing on it, write a couple of content about mane and sit back and wait for the people to arrive beating their particular “virtual” door down. Very well as we declare in Hebrew, “Boker Tov” (which virtually means “Good Morning”), or as you state in English language, “Knock. Hit. Good Morning! Any person Home? inch

Okay the head of hair couple learn about keywords. Thus they develop articles through which EVERY phrase has the expression hair in it (or balding). Nonetheless hair may be the title of the video game. They make sure their content is classic, and once they may have written two HTML webpages of wild hair articles, smartly placed by way of a cousin the graphic artisan (who can be bald) surrounding the advertisements meant for hair products and now they presume they are completed!

Woah! Not really by a PROLONGED SHOT! Here is wherever it gets depressing with respect to the uninitiated and non-dedicated people.

Let us deal with the “keyword” issue. Keywords are just like indices or perhaps if you wish, types. A key phrase is something that the search engine looks for and validate (in our day), to use as among the parameters about how to list your site.

The keywords we refer to happen to be in two distinct and totally different areas. The earliest in the site header of your site. about what is known as the section just for “meta” tags. We can deal with the meta tag in a numerous article, even so let us simply say they are the keywords most internet search engine look for (with their “bots”) when visiting your web blog. An example coto tag designed for keywords on our site may seem like this:

Again inside our article(s) on meta tags we all will discuss these keywords, and the meta tag, but for now take that as a offered these are a few of the keywords that will be in the coto tag.

When the Search Engine technology first became popular and the meta tag were implemented, the keywords tag was critical. Search engines like yahoo looked at the keywords inside the meta tag and assumed that was what the internet site was about and listed the site under many keywords. This was caught through to immediately, and humans becoming the crafty devils they are really, began list keywords that had not do with their sites in order to drive traffic to the site. (Remember – the result is the oh-so-important one: Visits & Eyeballs)

So adult sites specifically, adopting this kind of as yet another “fool the engine” approach, would place keywords just like “hair”, “technology” etc . to their meta tags, and present the site a great innocuous identity and there you are, more traffic.

Thus in the limitless battle Search Engines caught in, and have a few factors. They deprecated the importance with the keywords in the meta tags matching to their algorithms, UNLESS this great article on the site truly did meet the keywords. Of course , this did not include enough seeing that porn sites will put “real” content material around all their stuff. Let me give you a SERIOUS example that i find funny, but it is very serious.

In a single of my own posts in the blog, you can watch my biography which is found by search engines like yahoo. The other day I just received a message from a vintage flame of mine expressing “I freaked out. My spouse and i googled you, under Allen Gross Article writer, and you are connected with a site regarding tushy’s! inches So I travel and Yahoo it, and sure enough in like the fifth position is: “Ted Gross’s Unofficial Biography – The true Version by simply Tushy” and definitely I simply click and obtain led to one other site (no url right here as I will not want to publicize that site meant for obvious reasons) and I arrive to a porno site which in turn ripped off, of all the content around the internet, MY profile helping put around their particular porn ads. UGH! Nevertheless, you see that is certainly how handy people are!

(Here we are not going to talk about “splogs” – meaning “spam blogs” yet. But keep it in mind. )

Okay ok now what happens – not theoretically but in practice.

Two scenarios: 1 . You may have keywords within your meta tag (and you ought to have them! ) The little Internet search engine “bot” (that is a program whose work it is to travel around the Net, never rests and never consumes and climbs into all those adult sites as well!, and accumulates information on ALL sites so the information may be categorized), relates to our web page of hairisnotforever and reads the keywords on the web page. Then this little android makes a snapshot of the webpage. Then the methods take over and match the keywords in the meta tags towards the text and stuff on your site. (Remember Search Engines don’t “see”, they are really NOT aesthetic (males are visually focused not Search Engines! ) therefore graphics are generally not taken into account if you do not use the alt tag. ) The algorithms get more plus more sophisticated in the future and they look for content, keywords, phrases and so forth (Remember original content! )

2 . You may have no keywords in your coto tag hence the engine merely looks at your content.

So each of our happy few figures okay lets place the word mane say, in every single sentence at least 3 times. NO! May do that. Overuse of a key phrase is a red-flag to a Google search and you will be penalized for it! It must be used and used usually, but NOT over-used.

Now at the time you Google pertaining to hair products using the expression “balding”, the Search Engine has the key word, and relying on a million parameters decides what position for the specific keyword, hairisnotforever could have, and rss feeds it out.

Consequently our couple figures i-mseo.com what the hell. We all will also offer mascara, and put in an image advert plus the word mascara in their keywords, without having virtually any content for doing this. Well then is going to be listed simply because the last of the last of this last for any person looking for “mascara”. So just for this lesson the formula is:

“Content+Keywords in the content+Keywords in Meta point. ”

]]>
http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_05_26_is_your_blog_working_for_your_web_site Sat, 26 May 2018 12:23:23 +0300
<![CDATA[So is your Blog Working For Your Internet Business?]]> Okay so now we know www.allprofencing.com.au content is king. Last but not least since you’re creating our blogs, (remember blogs is usually short slang for Websites – which is what their very own “formal and official” term is), most of our information is going to be “unique” and “Original”. Yet from time to time, since you’re only real human, and since we all simply cannot “create” more and more data, we will copy data from other sites. That is cool. There is no problem with that, UNLESS OF COURSE, you decide that “copying” and/or “linking” is simply better and forego writing anything at all.

Now let me make this obvious. If you are providing a service in people, where most of your business is always to offer out links to other places just where people might get information, in other words you are a repository where people come to get backlinks, because you already does all the explore – that may be fine. Since what you will loose in content material, you will make up in “eyeballs” and “hits”. Remember the end result of good search engine rankings is just that. MORE TRAFFIC – EVEN MORE EYEBALLS — MORE PEOPLE VISITING. And content is not the sole parameter a great Search Engine discusses. Not with a long shot.

That is a critical indicate keep in mind. Anything we will certainly talk about, every single method, right from content to email to data to whatsoever, has yet one aim in mind. To consistently and constantly increase and build your web site “hits”. To be sure you have an ever-growing “fan” club “motivated” because of the assistance you are providing, to come back. Therefore please differentiate between your end goal as well as the methods. Articles (discussed in our first article) is a method towards the objective of getting classified by a good posture on a internet search engine, and the aim is to own people employ and come to your internet site or blog page, and build a “buzz” regarding it. (We should talk about this much later inside our series. )

Let us get back on content for that moment. Right here we are talking about something that all writers learn about and are knowledgeable about. Text, words and phrases, phrases. First, unique textual content.

So to be able to continue on our own fairly rational path, we will now focus on the “text” and what has to be in it. Which in turn brings us for the subject of “keywords”. Prior to explaining just what these are and either their very own importance or perhaps total invalidity and worthlessness these days, (and this is up for debate) we will define keywords more carefully.

If you have a website selling curly hair beauty products, you will want to offer your materials writing content material around what you are selling. Obviously if you create something about the difference between different models of dish washers, this is not gonna relate to the “subject matter” and content material of your site. So you might write content around hair supplies. You can expect to write article content on good hair care, approach dye nice hair, how to get reduce split-ends, when to shampoo etc . etc .

Our magic hair web-site is called “Hair Is Certainly not Forever”. Yet this is our site for the moment and we will preserve it as we go along. hairisnotforever also offers a blog. This blog we all will call up “SilkyFairHair” and we will put it, for the sake of our example in under the name of the proprietor who may be aptly named Mr. Nor Hair. Right now we have as follows:

1 . Web-site – Head of hair Forever snabel-a 2 . Blog – SilkyFairHair @ (this URL is fictional)

These types of names Are necessary and so are the URL’s. (URL stands for Common Resource Locater). So wear them mind even as go along through these articles specially when I get to the article around the importance of choosing the best name.

Consequently Mr. Neither Hair wonderful wife, Mrs. Purple Locks work together. That they create the website, get all the necessary products to sell a thing on it, set a couple of content articles about hair and relax and wait for an people to come beating their particular “virtual” door down. Well as we claim in Hebrew, “Boker Tov” (which actually means “Good Morning”), or as you state in English, “Knock. Hit. Good Morning! Any person Home? inch

Okay the Hair couple know about keywords. Consequently they build articles through which EVERY term has the phrase hair in it (or balding). But hair is the name of the video game. They make sure their content material is classic, and once they may have written two HTML pages of frizzy hair articles, intentionally placed by way of a cousin the graphic artisan (who is bald) around the advertisements intended for hair products and now they think they are completed!

Woah! Not by a VERY LONG SHOT! Here is exactly where it gets depressing intended for the uninitiated and non-dedicated people.

Let us deal with the “keyword” concern. Keywords are like indices or perhaps if you wish, types. A key phrase is something which the search engine will appear for and validate (in our day), to use as one of many parameters about how to list your site.

The keywords we all refer to will be in two distinct and totally different locations. The primary in the page header of your site. about what is known as the section with regards to “meta” tags. We can deal with meta tags in a several article, on the other hand let us simply say these are the keywords most internet search engine look for (with their “bots”) when visiting your internet site. An example traguardo tag intended for keywords about our web page may look like this:

Again within our article(s) upon meta tags all of us will discuss these keywords, and meta tags, but for right now take that as a granted these are some of the keywords that will be in the coto tag.

When the Search Engine technology first became popular and meta tags were put in place, the keywords tag was critical. Search engines like yahoo looked at the keywords inside the meta marking and presumed that was what the web page was about and listed the web page under the keywords. This is caught on to immediately, and humans currently being the crafty devils they are really, began placement keywords that had not do using their sites to be able to drive visitors the site. (Remember – the outcome is the oh-so-important one: Arrives at & Eyeballs)

So adult porn sites specifically, adopting this as yet some other “fool the engine” technique, would set keywords like “hair”, “technology” etc . within their meta tags, and give the site an innocuous term and voila, more traffic.

Consequently in the never-ending battle Search Engines caught about, and performed a few stuff. They deprecated the importance within the keywords in the meta tags as per to their algorithms, UNLESS this great article on the site actually did meet the keywords. Of course , this did not include enough seeing that porn sites will set “real” articles around their very own stuff. Let me give you a TRUE example that i find funny, but it is incredibly serious.

In a single of my posts on my blog, you will find my biography which is taken care of by search engines like yahoo. The other day I received a message from a vintage flame of mine expressing “I freaked out. I googled you, under Allen Gross Article writer, and you are linked with a site regarding tushy’s! inch So I visit and Yahoo it, and sure enough in like the fifthly position are these claims: “Ted Gross’s Unofficial Biography – The Real Version by Tushy” and definitely I simply click and receive led to an alternative site (no url here as I will not want to publicize that site just for obvious reasons) and I come to a adult site which in turn ripped off, of all the content at the internet, MY PERSONAL profile to position around all their porn advertising. UGH! However, you see that is definitely how handy people are!

(Here we are not going to talk about “splogs” – which means “spam blogs” yet. But keep it in mind. )

Okay now what happens — not in theory but in practice.

Two cases: 1 . You have keywords in the meta draw (and you should have them! ) The little Search results “bot” (that is a computer software whose work it is to travelling around the Internet, never naps and never consumes and gets to all those porno sites as well!, and picks up information on ALL OF THE sites so the information can be categorized), reaches our internet site of hairisnotforever and states the keywords on the web page. Then this little robot makes a snapshot of the website. Then the methods take over and match the keywords in the meta tags to the text and stuff on your own site. (Remember Search Engines can not “see”, they are really NOT vision (males will be visually focused not Search engines like google! ) and so graphics usually are not taken into account if you use the betagt tag. ) The algorithms get more and even more sophisticated in the future and they look for content, keywords, phrases etc . (Remember unique content! )

2 . You may have no keywords in your destinazione tag therefore the engine merely looks at your content.

So our happy few figures ok lets put the word locks say, atlanta divorce attorneys sentence in least 3 x. NO! Is not going to do that. Excessive use of a key phrase is a red-flag to a Google search and you will be penalized for it! It ought to be used and used usually, but NOT over-used.

Now at the time you Google to get hair products using the phrase “balding”, the Search Engine has the key word, and relying on a million parameters decides what position regarding specific key word, hairisnotforever will have, and passes it out.

Hence our few figures the actual hell. All of us will also offer mascara, and so they put in a picture advert plus the word mascara in their keywords, without having any content because of it. Well then will likely to be listed since the last of the last within the last for anybody looking for “mascara”. So just for this lesson the formula is:

“Content+Keywords in the content+Keywords in Meta label. ”

]]>
http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_05_26_a_fistful_of_euros_so_is_your_blog Sat, 26 May 2018 12:23:07 +0300
<![CDATA[Is your Blog Promoting Your Website?]]> Okay right now we know articles is king. And since we are creating our very own blogs, (remember blogs can be short slang for Websites – which is what the “formal and official” name is), most of our details is going to be “unique” and “Original”. Yet every now and then, since you’re only person, and since we simply cannot “create” more and more details, we might copy info from other web sites. That is great. There is no problem with that, EXCEPT IF, you decide that “copying” and/or “linking” is simply better and do away with writing nearly anything.

Now allow me to make this crystal clear. If you are giving a service to people, where your primary business should be to offer out links to other places in which people could get information, therefore are a database where people come to get backlinks, because you already do all the explore – that is fine. Mainly because what you will loose in articles, you will constitute in “eyeballs” and “hits”. Remember the result of good search engine rankings is just that. MORE BITES – MORE EYEBALLS – MORE PEOPLE VISITING. And content is not the only parameter an Search Engine discusses. Not by a long shot.

This is certainly a critical indicate keep in mind. All the things we definitely will talk about, every single method, from content to email to data to whatsoever, has nonetheless one objective in mind. To consistently and constantly increase and build your web site “hits”. To make certain you have a great ever-growing “fan” club “motivated” because of the assistance you are selling, to come back. So please differentiate between your end goal as well as the methods. Content (discussed in our first article) is a approach towards the target of getting listed in a good job on a google search, and the objective is to have got people apply and arrive to your internet site or blog, and create a “buzz” about it. (We might talk about that much later inside our series. )

Let us return to content for the moment. Here we are speaking about something that almost all writers find out about and are knowledgeable about. Text, thoughts, phrases. Unique, unique textual content.

So to be able to continue on our personal fairly logical path, we will now give full attention to the “text” and what has to be in it. Which in turn brings us towards the subject of “keywords”. Ahead of explaining precisely what these are and either their particular importance or perhaps total invalidity and worthlessness these days, (and this is on with debate) let us define keywords more cautiously.

If you have an online site selling curly hair beauty supports, you will want to offer your materials writing content around everything you are selling. Obviously if you write something about the difference between different models of dishwashers, this is not going to relate to the “subject matter” and content material of your internet site. So you will certainly write content around your hair supplies. You are going to write articles or blog posts on good hair care, means dye your mane, how to get rid of split-ends, how often to shampoo or conditioner etc . and so forth

Our magic hair website is called “Hair Is Not really Forever”. But this is the site for now and we will maintain it as we go along. hairisnotforever also offers a weblog. This blog we will call up “SilkyFairHair” and we’ll put it, with regard to our example in under the proprietor who’s aptly called Mr. Neither Hair. Right now we have as follows:

1 . Website – Head of hair Forever @ 2 . Blog – SilkyFairHair @ (this URL is normally fictional)

These types of names ARE important and so are the URL’s. (URL stands for Common Resource Locater). So wear them mind even as go along through these articles particularly if I get to the article on the importance of discovering the right name.

Consequently Mr. Neither Hair great wife, Mrs. Purple Frizzy hair work together. They create the web page, get every one of the necessary products to sell something on it, set a couple of articles about hair and settle-back and wait for the people to come beating their “virtual” door down. Very well as we declare in Hebrew, “Boker Tov” (which virtually means “Good Morning”), or as you state in English, “Knock. Hit. Good Morning! Anyone Home? ”

Okay the Hair couple know about keywords. So they build articles in which EVERY word has the expression hair in it (or balding). Although hair is the name of the video game. They make sure their content material is primary, and once they may have written two HTML pages of your hair articles, smartly placed by way of a cousin the graphic musician (who is normally bald) around the advertisements designed for hair companies now they think they are performed!

Woah! Not really by a LENGTHY SHOT! Here is wherever it gets depressing with regards to the uninformed and non-dedicated people.

Let us deal with the “keyword” issue. Keywords are just like indices or perhaps if you wish, classes. A key word is something which the search engine looks for and validate (in our day), to use as one of many parameters as to how to list your site.

The keywords all of us refer to will be in two distinct and totally different spots. The first in the page header of your site. about what is known as the section just for “meta” tags. We will certainly deal with meta tags in a varied article, nevertheless let us simply just say these are the keywords most search engine look for (with their “bots”) when visiting your web sites. An example meta tag for keywords about our internet site may appear like this:

Again in our article(s) upon meta tags all of us will go over these keywords, and the meta tag, but for at this moment take this as a given these are some of the keywords that is to be in the meta tag.

If the Search Engine technology first shot to popularity and the meta tag were implemented, the keywords tag was critical. Search engines like yahoo looked at the keywords in the meta point and answered that was what the web page was about and listed this website under these keywords. It was caught on immediately, and humans currently being the handy devils they are simply, began placement keywords that had nothing to do with the sites to be able to drive traffic to the site. (Remember – the result is the oh-so-important one: Visitors & Eyeballs)

So adult porn sites especially, adopting this kind of as yet another “fool the engine” technique, would set keywords like “hair”, “technology” etc . into their meta tags, and offer the site an innocuous name and bam !, more traffic.

Consequently in the never-ending battle Search engines like yahoo caught upon, and does a few issues. They deprecated the importance in the keywords in the meta tags according to their methods, UNLESS the content on the site actually did meet the keywords. Of course , this was not enough simply because porn sites will put “real” content material around all their stuff. Let me give you a REAL example that we find funny, but it is very serious.

In a single of my personal posts on my blog, completely illuminated my biography which is picked up by search engines like google. The other day I actually received a message from an oldtime flame of mine saying “I freaked out. My spouse and i googled you, under Wyatt Gross Article writer, and you are linked with a site about tushy’s! inches So I go and Yahoo it, and sure enough in like the 6th position are these claims: “Ted Gross’s Unofficial Bio – The true Version simply by Tushy” not to mention I simply click and get led to a further site (no url in this article as I will not want to publicize that site intended for obvious reasons) and I arrive to a adult porn site which ripped off, out of all the content relating to the internet, MY PERSONAL profile to set around their very own porn advertising. UGH! However you see that is definitely how crafty people are!

(Here we are not going to talk about “splogs” – meaning “spam blogs” yet. Yet keep it in mind. )

Okay so what now happens — not theoretically but in practice.

Two situations: 1 . You have keywords inside your meta label (and you should have them! ) The little Search results “bot” (that is a computer software whose job it is to travelling around the Net, never rests and never eats and enters all those adult sites too!, and accumulates information on MOST sites and so the information may be categorized), comes to our web page of hairisnotforever and states the keywords on the web page. Then this little robot makes a snapshot of the website. Then the algorithms take over and match the keywords in the meta tags for the text and stuff on your own site. (Remember Search Engines do “see”, they are simply NOT visible (males are visually focused not Search Engines! ) consequently graphics are generally not taken into account until you use the in die jahre gekommen (umgangssprachlich) tag. ) The algorithms get more and more sophisticated as time goes on and they seek out content, keywords, phrases etc . (Remember classic content! )

2 . You have no keywords in your coto tag so the engine merely looks at your content.

So each of our happy few figures alright lets position the word wild hair say, atlanta divorce attorneys sentence at least 3 x. NO! May do that. Excessive use of a key phrase is a red-flag to a Search Engine and you will be punished for it! It ought to be used and used regularly, but NOT overused.

Now when you Google for hair goods using the word “balding”, the Search Engine has the key phrase, and dependant on a million guidelines decides what position for this specific key phrase, hairisnotforever could have, and nourishes it out.

Hence our few figures spelbolagsbonusar.se the particular hell. We will also sell off mascara, and put in a picture advert plus the word mascara in their keywords, without having virtually any content correctly. Well then being listed when the last of this last of your last for anybody looking for “mascara”. So with this lesson the formula is usually:

“Content+Keywords in the content+Keywords in Meta label. ”

]]>
http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_05_26_is_your_blog_promoting_your_website Sat, 26 May 2018 12:22:44 +0300
<![CDATA[So is your Blog Helping Your Site?]]> OK right now we know www.radiotop21.com content material is king. Last but not least since our company is creating our personal blogs, (remember blogs is short slang for Websites – which is what their very own “formal and official” term is), most of our data is going to be “unique” and “Original”. Yet every now and then, since i’m only human being, and since we simply cannot “create” more and more details, we should copy facts from other internet sites. That is amazing. There is no issue with that, UNLESS OF COURSE, you decide that “copying” and/or “linking” is simply better and forego writing nearly anything.

Now let me make this distinct. If you are giving a service to the people, where most of your business is to offer out links to other places wherever people may get information, in other words you are a repository where persons come to get links, because you already did all the analysis – that is certainly fine. Mainly because what you will loose in content, you will make up in “eyeballs” and “hits”. Remember the outcome of good search engine rankings is just that. MORE SINKS INTO – EVEN MORE EYEBALLS – MORE PEOPLE VISITING. And content is not the sole parameter a great Search Engine examines. Not with a long shot.

That is a critical point out keep in mind. The whole thing we can talk about, every method, coming from content to email to prospect lists to no matter what, has nevertheless one goal in mind. To consistently and constantly enhance and build your internet site “hits”. To be sure you have a great ever-growing “fan” club “motivated” because of the company you are providing, to come back. Therefore please differentiate between your end goal as well as the methods. Content material (discussed in our first article) is a approach towards the goal of getting listed in a good spot on a internet search engine, and the objective is to possess people make use of and arrive to your web site or weblog, and generate a “buzz” about it. (We should talk about that much later within our series. )

Let us get back to content for that moment. Right here we are talking about something that most writers know about and are familiar with. Text, ideas, phrases. First, unique text message.

So to be able to continue on our personal fairly rational path, all of us will now focus on the “text” and what has to be in it. Which in turn brings us for the subject of “keywords”. Just before explaining just the thing these are and either their importance or perhaps total invalidity and worthlessness these days, (and this is up for debate) we will define keywords more carefully.

If you have a website selling locks beauty aids, you will want to sell off your materials writing articles around the things you are selling. Naturally if you create something about the difference between the latest models of of dish washers, this is not likely to relate to the “subject matter” and articles of your site. So you will write articles around nice hair supplies. You are going to write articles on good hair care, method dye nice hair, how to get rid of split-ends, when to hair shampoo etc . etc .

Our magic hair web page is called “Hair Is Certainly not Forever”. Yet this is the site for the time being and we will retain it as we complement. hairisnotforever even offers a blog. This blog we all will phone “SilkyFairHair” and we will put it, with regard to our case in point in under the proprietor who might be aptly known as Mr. Neither Hair. So now we have as follows:

1 . Web page – Wild hair Forever snabel-a 2 . Blog page – SilkyFairHair @ (this URL can be fictional)

These names Are essential and so are the URL’s. (URL stands for Widespread Resource Locater). So keep them in mind as we go along through these articles especially when I reach the article around the importance of discovering the right name.

Consequently Mr. Neither Hair wonderful wife, Mrs. Purple Mane work together. That they create this website, get each of the necessary stuff to sell a thing on it, write a couple of content about your hair and settle-back and wait for the people to arrive beating all their “virtual” door down. Well as we state in Hebrew, “Boker Tov” (which literally means “Good Morning”), or perhaps as you declare in The english language, “Knock. Knock. Good Morning! Any person Home? inches

Okay the Hair couple know about keywords. Hence they produce articles in which EVERY sentence in your essay has the word hair in it (or balding). Nonetheless hair is the name of the video game. They make sure their content material is primary, and once they may have written two HTML pages of curly hair articles, strategically placed by way of a cousin the graphic artist (who is normally bald) about the advertisements pertaining to hair products and now they presume they are completed!

Woah! Certainly not by a EXTENDED SHOT! Here is in which it gets depressing designed for the uninitiated and non-dedicated people.

Let us deal with the “keyword” concern. Keywords are like indices or perhaps if you wish, classes. A key word is something that the search engine looks for and validate (in our day), to use as one of the parameters about how to list your site.

The keywords we refer to will be in two distinct and totally different areas. The primary in the site header on the site. in what is known as the section intended for “meta” tags. We should deal with meta tags in a unique article, even so let us only say they are the keywords most search engine look for (with their “bots”) when visiting your webblog. An example destinazione tag with respect to keywords in our web page may mimic this:

Again inside our article(s) upon meta tags we all will discuss these keywords, and the meta tag, but for at this moment take that as a granted these are some of the keywords that is in the destinazione tag.

When the Search Engine technology first became popular and meta tags were integrated, the keywords tag was critical. Search Engines looked at the keywords inside the meta label and thought that was what the site was about and listed this website under all those keywords. This was caught up on immediately, and humans currently being the crafty devils they are simply, began list keywords that had not do with their sites in order to drive visitors the site. (Remember – the end result is the oh-so-important one: Arrives at & Eyeballs)

So adult porn sites specifically, adopting this as yet one other “fool the engine” strategy, would put keywords like “hair”, “technology” etc . within their meta tags, and offer the site a great innocuous identity and there you are, more traffic.

Hence in the never-ending battle Search engines like yahoo caught upon, and would a few elements. They deprecated the importance in the keywords in the meta tags with respect to their algorithms, UNLESS this great article on the site in fact did meet the keywords. Of course , this did not include enough while porn sites will set “real” articles around all their stuff. Let me give you a SERIOUS example that i find funny, but it is very serious.

In one of my own posts on my blog, you’ll my bio which is noticed by search engines like yahoo. The other day We received an email from an existing flame of mine declaring “I freaked out. I actually googled you, under Wyatt Gross Article writer, and you are linked with a site regarding tushy’s! ” So I head out and Google it, and sure enough in like the 6th position are these claims: “Ted Gross’s Unofficial Biography – The Real Version by Tushy” last but not least I simply click and acquire led to one other site (no url here as I do not want to publicize that site designed for obvious reasons) and I arrive to a adult site which in turn ripped off, of all the content in the internet, MY profile to get around the porn adverts. UGH! But you see that is usually how crafty people are!

(Here we are never going to talk about “splogs” – meaning “spam blogs” yet. Although keep it in mind. )

Okay now what happens — not in theory but in practice.

Two scenarios: 1 . You have keywords in the meta tag (and you need to have them! ) The little Internet search engine “bot” (that is a computer program whose task it is to travel around around the Net, never naps and never eats and gets into all those adult porn sites also!, and covers information on PRETTY MUCH ALL sites so the information may be categorized), pertains to our internet site of hairisnotforever and flows the keywords on the web page. Then this kind of little android makes a overview of the web page. Then the methods take over and match the keywords in the meta tags to the text and stuff on your own site. (Remember Search Engines typically “see”, they are really NOT aesthetic (males will be visually oriented not Search Engines! ) thus graphics usually are not taken into account until you use the in die jahre gekommen tag. ) The methods get more and even more sophisticated in the future and they look for content, keywords, phrases etc . (Remember unique content! )

2 . You have no keywords in your coto tag hence the engine simply looks at your content.

So each of our happy few figures okay lets place the word your hair say, in each and every sentence at least 3 times. NO! Don’t do that. Excessive use of a key phrase is a red-flag to a Search Engine and you will be penalized for it! It must be used and used frequently, but NOT over-used.

Now when you Google for the purpose of hair goods using the word “balding”, the Search Engine has the key word, and dependant on a million variables decides what position just for the specific key word, hairisnotforever could have, and nourishes it out.

Hence our couple figures the actual hell. All of us will also sell off mascara, and in addition they put in an image advert plus the word wimpernbetonung in their keywords, without having any kind of content correctly. Well then will most likely be listed simply because the last of the last belonging to the last for everyone looking for “mascara”. So just for this lesson the formula is definitely:

“Content+Keywords inside the content+Keywords in Meta point. ”

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_05_26_so_is_your_blog_helping_your_site Sat, 26 May 2018 12:22:30 +0300
<![CDATA[So is your Blog Promoting Your Internet Business?]]> Okay right now we know articles is king. Not to mention since we have creating our very own blogs, (remember blogs is definitely short slang for Blogs – which is what their particular “formal and official” identity is), most of our facts is going to be “unique” and “Original”. Yet occasionally, since our company is only people, and since we all simply cannot “create” more and more facts, we will copy facts from other websites. That is cool. There is no issue with that, UNLESS, you decide that “copying” and/or “linking” is simply better and postpone writing anything at all.

Now i want to make this distinct. If you are providing a service to the people, where most of your business is usually to offer away links to other places where people are able to get information, in other words you are a repository where people come to get backlinks, because you already have all the study – that is certainly fine. Mainly because what you will loose in content material, you will cosmetic in “eyeballs” and “hits”. Remember the result of good search engine listings is just that. MORE VISITORS – MORE EYEBALLS – MORE PEOPLE VISITING. And content is normally not the sole parameter an Search Engine discusses. Not with a long taken.

This really is a critical point to keep in mind. All sorts of things we will talk about, every single method, from content to email to to do this to what ever, has yet one target in mind. To consistently and constantly enhance and build your website “hits”. To ensure you have a great ever-growing “fan” club “motivated” because of the program you are selling, to come back. So please differentiate between the end goal plus the methods. Content (discussed inside our first article) is a approach towards the goal of getting listed in a good placement on a google search, and the aim is to have got people apply and arrive to your internet site or weblog, and create a “buzz” about this. (We might talk about that much later inside our series. )

Let us resume content to get a moment. Here we are referring to something that all writers find out about and are acquainted with. Text, thoughts, phrases. Primary, unique textual content.

So to be able to continue on our personal fairly reasonable path, all of us will now pay attention to the “text” and what has to be in it. Which usually brings us for the subject of “keywords”. Ahead of explaining exactly what these are and either their very own importance or perhaps total invalidity and worthlessness these days, (and this is on with debate) let’s define keywords more thoroughly.

If you have a site selling wild hair beauty assists, you will want to sell your material writing content material around the things you are selling. Naturally if you compose something about the difference between different types of dish washers, this is not going to relate to the “subject matter” and content material of your site. So you definitely will write article content around hair supplies. You can expect to write articles or blog posts on very good hair care, approach dye hair, how to get eliminate split-ends, when to hair shampoo etc . etc .

Our magic hair internet site is called “Hair Is Not Forever”. Although this is each of our site for the time being and we will retain it as we complement. hairisnotforever has a blog. This blog we will phone “SilkyFairHair” and we will put it, in the interest of our case in point in under the name of the proprietor that’s aptly called Mr. Neither Hair. Right now we have as follows:

1 . Web Site – Frizzy hair Forever @ 2 . Weblog – SilkyFairHair @ (this URL is certainly fictional)

These names Are crucial and so are the URL’s. (URL stands for Common Resource Locater). So keep them in mind even as we go along through these articles specially when I be able to the article at the importance of finding the right name.

And so Mr. Neither Hair great wife, Mrs. Purple Curly hair work together. They will create the web page, get each of the necessary stuff to sell anything on it, set a couple of content about wild hair and relax and wait for the people to arrive beating their very own “virtual” door down. Well as we say in Hebrew, “Boker Tov” (which virtually means “Good Morning”), or as you declare in British, “Knock. Hit. Good Morning! Anyone Home? inches

Okay the head of hair couple learn about keywords. And so they set up articles through which EVERY sentence in your essay has the phrase hair in it (or balding). Although hair may be the title of the game. They make sure their content material is initial, and once they may have written two HTML web pages of hair articles, logically placed by their cousin the graphic designer (who can be bald) around the advertisements designed for hair companies now they presume they are carried out!

Woah! Certainly not by a LONGER SHOT! Here is in which it gets depressing just for the uninitiated and non-dedicated people.

Allow us to deal with the “keyword” concern. Keywords are just like indices or if you wish, groups. A key phrase is a thing that the search engine can look for and validate (in our day), to use as among the parameters concerning how to list your site.

The keywords we all refer to happen to be in two distinct and totally different spots. The earliest in the page header belonging to the site. in what is known as the section intended for “meta” tags. We definitely will deal with the meta tag in a several article, however let us just say these are generally the keywords most google search look for (with their “bots”) when visiting your webblog. An example traguardo tag just for keywords upon our internet site may resemble this:

Again within our article(s) in meta tags we all will discuss these keywords, and the meta tag, but for at this time take it as a offered these are some of the keywords which will be in the traguardo tag.

When the Search Engine technology first shot to popularity and the meta tag were implemented, the keywords tag was critical. Search engines like google looked at the keywords inside the meta indicate and presumed that was what the site was about and listed this website under these keywords. This is caught on immediately, and humans simply being the crafting devils they can be, began directory site keywords that had not do with the sites in order to drive visitors the site. (Remember – the end result is the oh-so-important one: Traffic & Eyeballs)

So adult sites especially, adopting this as yet a second “fool the engine” technique, would put keywords like “hair”, “technology” etc . into their meta tags, and offer the site an innocuous identity and voila, more traffic.

And so in the never ending battle Search engines like yahoo caught about, and did a few points. They deprecated the importance within the keywords inside the meta tags matching to their methods, UNLESS the content on the site in fact did match the keywords. Of course , this did not include enough as porn sites will place “real” content around all their stuff. Let me give you a LEGITIMATE example which I find funny, but it is extremely serious.

In a single of my posts in the blog, completely illuminated my bio which is acquired by search engines like google. The other day We received a message from a well used flame of mine declaring “I freaked out. I actually googled you, under Ted Gross Article writer, and you are linked to a site about tushy’s! ” So I choose and Google it, and sure enough in like the 6th position is: “Ted Gross’s Unofficial Biography – The true Version by Tushy” last but not least I click and acquire led to an additional site (no url right here as I do not want to publicize that site pertaining to obvious reasons) and I arrive to a porno site which usually ripped off, of all the content to the internet, MY profile to put around their particular porn adverts. UGH! Nevertheless, you see that is certainly how crafting people are!

(Here we are never going to talk about “splogs” – which means “spam blogs” yet. Nevertheless keep it in mind. )

Okay ok now what happens – not theoretically but in practice.

Two scenarios: 1 . You may have keywords in your meta indicate (and you ought to have them! ) The little Google search “bot” (that is a software program whose job it is to travel and leisure around the Net, never rests and never eats and gets into all those porn sites also!, and accumulates information on PRETTY MUCH ALL sites and so the information could be categorized), comes to our internet site of hairisnotforever and flows the keywords on the web page. Then this little android makes a snapshot of the website page. Then the algorithms take over and match the keywords in the meta tags towards the text and stuff with your site. (Remember Search Engines is not going to “see”, they may be NOT visual (males happen to be visually focused not Search Engines! ) therefore graphics are definitely not taken into account unless you use the alternative tag. ) The methods get more and even more sophisticated in the future and they seek out content, keywords, phrases and so forth (Remember initial content! )

2 . You may have no keywords in your traguardo tag and so the engine merely looks at your articles.

So the happy few figures okay lets position the word mane say, in each and every sentence in least three times. NO! Is not going to do that. Excessive use of a key word is a red-flag to a Search results and you will be punished for it! It must be used and used often, but NOT overused.

Now when you Google with regards to hair products using the term “balding”, the major search engines has the key word, and based upon a million parameters decides what position just for the specific keyword, hairisnotforever may have, and passes it out.

Consequently our few figures www.versysconsulting.com.br the particular hell. All of us will also promote mascara, they usually put in a photo advert and the word wimpernfärbung in their keywords, without having any content for doing this. Well then will probably be listed simply because the last belonging to the last for the last for any individual looking for “mascara”. So for this lesson the formula is usually:

“Content+Keywords inside the content+Keywords in Meta draw. ”

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_05_26_a_fistful_of_euros_so_is_your_blog_okay_right_now Sat, 26 May 2018 12:22:15 +0300