Learning a foreign language at school is very common in the European Union (EU), with more than 17 million lower secondary school pupils (or 98.6% of all pupils at this education level) studying at least one foreign language in 2015. Among them, more than 10 million (58.8%) were studying two foreign languages or more. English was by far the most popular language at lower secondary level, studied by nearly 17 million pupils (97.3%). French (5 million or 33.8%) came second, followed by German (3 million or 23.1%) and Spanish (2 million or 13.6%).
The report provides a detailed analysis on the movements of the Composite Consumer Price Index (CPI), CPI(A), CPI(B) and CPI(C) in 2016. It also presents charts and tables showing movements of the CPIs analysed by commodity/service section and their contributions to the overall change in the indices.
Euro area annual inflation was 1.8% in January 2017, up from 1.1% in December 2016. In January 2016 the rate was 0.3%. European Union annual inflation was 1.7% in January 2017, up from 1.2% in December. A year earlier the rate was 0.3%. These figures come from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
Gross Domestic Product for the 4th Quarter 2016 and the whole year of 2016 : data contained in the Budget supporting documents
In the fourth quarter of 2016, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) increased by 3.1% in real terms over a year earlier, compared with the 2.0% increase in the third quarter. For 2016 as a whole, GDP increased by 1.9% in real terms over 2015.
In 2015, gross inland energy consumption, which reflects the energy quantities necessary to satisfy all inland consumption, amounted in the European Union (EU) to 1 626 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe), below its 1990 level (-2.5%) and down by 11.6% compared to its peak of almost 1 840 Mtoe in 2006.
The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate stood at 3.3% (provisional figure) in November 2016 – January 2017, same as that in October – December 2016. Meanwhile, the underemployment rate decreased from 1.4% to 1.3% (provisional figure).
In December 2016 compared with November 2016, seasonally adjusted production in the construction sector decreased by 0.2% in the euro area (EA19), while it increased by 0.6% in the EU28, according to first estimates from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In November 2016, production in construction grew by 0.9% in the euro area and by 0.7% in the EU28.
The EU28 seasonally adjusted current account of the balance of payments recorded a surplus of €17.8 bn in December 2016, compared with surpluses of €16.2 bn in November 2016 and €11.4 bn in December 2015, according to estimates from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
In December 2016, the volume of Hong Kong’s total exports and imports of goods increased by 9.8% and 8.4% respectively over a year earlier. The prices of total exports and imports of goods increased by 0.3% and 0.8% respectively.
The first estimate for euro area (EA19) exports of goods to the rest of the world in December 2016 was €178.6 billion, an increase of 6% compared with December 2015 (€168.7 bn). Imports from the rest of the world stood at €150.5 bn, a rise of 4% compared with December 2015 (€144.4 bn).
Seasonally adjusted GDP rose by 0.4% in the euro area (EA19) and by 0.5% in the EU28 during the fourth quarter of 2016, compared with the previous quarter, according to a flash estimate published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In the third quarter of 2016, GDP also grew by 0.4% and 0.5% respectively.