Project syndicate Project Syndicate - The World’s Opinion Page Sun, 19 Nov 2017 22:52:37 +0300 <![CDATA[Capitalizing on Climate Unity]]> President Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw the United States – the world’s largest historical carbon dioxide emitter – from the Paris agreement dealt the accord a major blow. But it is hard not to take heart from the resolve Trump’s decision has unleashed, both globally and within the US itself.

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<![CDATA[Carbon Pricing Takes Off]]> Limiting the increase in global average temperature to within 2° Celsius of preindustrial levels requires dramatic cuts in carbon dioxide emissions. One of the best ways to do that is to shift the social and economic costs of greenhouse gases from the public to the polluter.

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<![CDATA[Saving Somalia Through Debt Relief]]> Somalia needs humanitarian aid to stem its short-term suffering, but that cash will not break the country's deadly cycles of drought, hunger, and poverty. To do that, the IMF must forgive Somalia's crushing debt, just as it has for nearly every other heavily indebted poor country.

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<![CDATA[The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games]]> Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.

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<![CDATA[A Youthful Remedy for Africa’s Youth Unemployment]]> To create enough jobs for its young people, African countries will need to improve education, expand access to financial services, and encourage civic participation, among other measures. But the biggest impact will come when young people are fully empowered to pursue entrepreneurship.

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<![CDATA[Red Scares, Then and Now]]> Russia’s interference in American and European elections constitutes a serious offense. But by treating Russian President Vladimir Putin and his cronies as an existential threat, Western leaders are playing directly into the Kremlin’s hands, and validating its false narrative about Russia’s place in the world.

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<![CDATA[Ending the Business of Child Labor]]> Advocates fighting to eradicate child labor had once hoped that globalization would help. But recent evidence shows that little progress has been made, suggesting that in addition to strong legal frameworks, robust accountability mechanisms are needed to guarantee that child labor is not used in supply chains.

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<![CDATA[The Pandora’s Box of the Digital Age]]> In the past year alone, a series of hacks and ransomware attacks by hostile governments and other malign actors have raised alarms about a major threat to global stability. Unfortunately, many governments are responding by developing still more cyber weapons, on the mistaken assumption that offense is the best defense.

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<![CDATA[Saudi Arabia’s Revolution From Above]]> After becoming the heir apparent to the Saudi throne earlier this year, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has quickly consolidated his power and begun to usher in a period of radical change. But as he overhauls the country's domestic and foreign policies, he is also heightening the risk of another conflict in the Middle East.

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<![CDATA[The Upgrade Myth]]> We are encouraged to believe that the newest technology is also the best. But, at a time when functionality and marketability are valued more highly than simplicity and durability, adopting the newest technology can be a recipe for frustration and misery.

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<![CDATA[The Moral Urgency of Mental Health]]> If we can prevent great suffering at no cost to ourselves, we ought to do so. Yet Western governments are neglecting an opportunity to reduce the great misery caused by mental illness, even though the net cost would be nil.

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<![CDATA[The Eternal Return of the Plague]]> The plague conjures up images of the medieval Black Death, and perhaps the vaguely reassuring sense that, in the developed world, such dangers are a scourge of the past. But, as the recent outbreak in Madagascar makes clear, the upper hand humans have over the plague today is tenuous and almost certainly transient.

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<![CDATA[Saudi Arabia’s Populist Temptation]]> In the past, political stability in Saudi Arabia rested on three separate deals: within the royal family; between the royal family and the Kingdom’s traditional elites; and between the state and the population. With the sharp fall in oil revenues, this political order has become unsustainable.

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<![CDATA[Feeding Myanmar’s Refugees]]> Malnutrition is rising among Rohingya Muslims who fled violence in Myanmar for safety in neighboring Bangladesh. With despair in the refugee camps deepening, only the swift delivery of food aid and other resources can ensure that the indignity of displacement does not lead to even greater human suffering.

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<![CDATA[A Global Plan to End Malaria]]> Every year, illnesses that can be treated with medicines, vaccines, or other means kill some two million children worldwide. Malaria is one of the biggest and most stubborn killers – and also one of the most frustrating, because perhaps no disease better epitomizes the world’s failure to coordinate on public-health threats and solutions.

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<![CDATA[China’s Vision for the Next 30 Years]]> Achieving the lofty development goals China's leaders have set will not be easy. But with a clear development blueprint and a powerful leader whose political clout all but guarantees continued reform, the country seems to be in a strong position to sustain its unprecedented economic success in the coming decades.

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<![CDATA[Democracy Beyond the Nation-State]]> According to the Harvard economist Dani Rodrik, it is impossible to have full national sovereignty, democracy, and globalization simultaneously. The concept of a “political trilemma of the world economy” is useful, but it becomes less binding when one takes into account levels of government above and especially below the nation-state.

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<![CDATA[The Greening of the Miners]]> Debates about mining and the environment are often framed in terms of a "nexus" between the resources that are extracted and the resources needed to dig them up. But too few people, including policymakers, truly understand the relationship between a low-carbon future and the mining industry that will deliver it.

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<![CDATA[The Opiate of the Bosses]]> In 2007, several executives of the parent company of Purdue Pharma, which markets the popular opioid OxyContin, pleaded guilty to misleading doctors, regulators, and patients about the risk of addiction associated with the drug. In the decade since, opioid distribution has expanded substantially, driving a rapid increase in addiction and death rates.

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<![CDATA[A Wary Return to Raqqa]]> When US-backed rebels took the ISIS stronghold of Raqqa last month, Syrian fighters leading the charge vowed to return the city to its people. But one Raqqa native, a victim of past purges, worries that his city has simply passed from control by "bearded fanatics" to that of Kurdish and international forces.

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