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31 декабря 2013, 09:00

The project Sri Lanka: Emergency Northern Recovery Project has changed to Closed

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The project Sri Lanka: Emergency Northern Recovery Project has changed to Closed. To see more information, see the project information in the World Bank project database The objective of the Emergency Northern Recovery Project (ENREP) is to support the Government's effort to rapidly return internally displaced people (IDPs) to their place of origin in the Northern Province of Sri Lanka and restore their social and economic life. The restructuring responds to the recent decision of the Government of Sri Lanka to: (i) use an AUSAID (Association of Government Accounts Organizations of Asia) grant to retro-actively finance expenditure incurred on cash-for-work (CfW) to date from the International Development Association (IDA) Credit of the project; and (ii) revise financial allocations among the project components. The project aims to: (a) help the returnees resume farming and fishing activities; (b) generate immediate employment for 45,000 IDP households through the creation of targeted village-level CFW (work-fare) program; and (c) support sustainable livelihoods through rehabilitation of essential infrastructure and facilities. ENREP finances the total cost of the project (US$ 65 million) as an IDA Credit.

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30 декабря 2013, 09:00

Strategic environmental and social assessment

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The Neeranchal National Watershed Project for India seeks to support the Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) through technical assistance to improve incremental conservation outcomes and agricultural yields for communities in selected sites, and adoption of more effective processes and technologies into the broader IWMP in participating project states. This environmental and social assessment is formulated to ensure that potential adverse impacts of the project in the context of the environment as well as peoples' livelihoods are addressed in a suitable and adequate manner. Key environmental issues identified include adverse impacts affecting environmental sustainability, surface and ground water, soil conservation, vegetation and afforestation, agriculture and horticulture, and water harvesting. Key social challenges include exclusion of landless, marginalized people and indigenous people; limited knowledge and capacities to address issues around social capital such as livelihood generation, inclusion and identification of stakeholders; in the absence of market linkages and storage provisions, people run a loss even if production is significant; activities such as horticulture development, drip irrigation, etc., are difficult to implement; cropping of sugarcane in rain fed areas post availability of water with IWMP intervention is alarming, and needs concentrated efforts; and the weak gender aspect of the programme. Appropriate mitigation measures have been suggested to help minimize the effects of these adversities.

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