Нельсон Мандела http://so-l.ru/tags/show/nelson_mandela Sat, 28 Mar 2020 12:55:53 +0300 <![CDATA[Crime, power cuts, poverty: 30 years on, the townships question Nelson Mandela’s legacy]]> As South Africa marks 30 years since the anti-apartheid leader’s release from prison, some people on the streets where he once lived now see him as a sellout’ rather than a hero

A Friday morning in Soweto. Summer rains have washed the streets clean. The tourists cycle down Vilakazi Street, past new restaurants and street stalls selling handicrafts. In a souvenir shop window, a cleaner dusts a statue of Soweto’s most famous one-time resident: Nelson Mandela.

The tourists entertain no doubts about Mandela’s grandeur and goodness, his status as fighter in the struggle against the brutal and racist apartheid regime that kept the inhabitants of Soweto and tens of millions of others in poverty and squalor, and the Nobel prize winner’s record as the first leader of a free South Africa.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2020_02_08_crime_power_cuts_poverty_30_years_on Sat, 08 Feb 2020 17:35:39 +0300
<![CDATA[Naomi Campbell: ‘I will not be held hostage to my past’]]> The supermodel opens up about friends, enemies, taking on the tabloids – and fashion’s new world order

It’s no secret that Naomi Campbell doesn’t like interviews. After 33 years in the business, and a string of tabloid-baiting moments, the model has acquired a reputation for being surly, formidable, downright difficult. Our original meeting is cancelled an hour or so before we are due to meet – Campbell cites “terrific illness” – but a promise is made to reschedule, with the possibility that she might be free over the weekend. Or that we might end up speaking by phone. But then the text arrives: we are on, for Sunday at 4pm. Give or take an hour, Campbell keeps to her word. Her publicist and I chat in the lobby of The Dorchester hotel in London, while I mentally prepare for the full force of her legendary froideur.

It is almost alarming, then, to find Campbell making jokes in a suite at the hotel, where she is alone, resting an injured leg on the sofa, smoking a cigarette, full of pussycat charm. At 49, she still looks otherworldly: a body, as Bono once put it, handmade by God, and skin so glowing it looks airbrushed. The era-defining cheekbones are framed by a sweep of immaculate hair; in the golden-hour light she looks luminous, dressed in a green chiffon Sacai jumpsuit and tractor sole Chelsea boots. She shows her publicist and me her leg: her knee is swollen like a melon, the result of tumbling on the stairs at an art party earlier in the week. She is worried that she won’t be able to fly if it doesn’t heal soon. “Clots are no joke,” she says. “[Doctors] stopped me from flying for six weeks two years ago. I do not want that again.”

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2019_11_16_naomi_campbell_i_will_not_be_held_host Sat, 16 Nov 2019 12:00:32 +0300
<![CDATA[Fiscal Policies to Curb Climate Change]]> By Vitor Gaspar, Paolo Mauro, Ian Parry, and Catherine Pattillo

عربي, 中文, EspañolFrançais, 日本語, Português, Русский

Global warming has become a clear and present threat. Actions and commitments to date have fallen short. The longer we wait, the greater the loss of life and damage to the world economy. Finance ministers must play a central role to champion and implement fiscal policies to curb climate change. To do so, they should reshape the tax system and fiscal policies to discourage carbon emissions from coal and other polluting fossil fuels.

The Fiscal Monitor helps policymakers choose what to do and how to do it, right now, globally and at home.

A better future is possible. Governments will need to increase the price of carbon emissions to give people and firms incentives to reduce energy use and shift to clean energy sources. Carbon taxes are the most powerful and efficient tools, but only if they are implemented in a fair and growth-friendly way.

To make carbon taxes politically feasible and economically efficient, governments need to choose how to use the new revenue.  Options include cutting other kinds of taxes, supporting vulnerable households and communities, increasing investment in green energy, or simply returning the money to people as a dividend.   

Large emitting countries should take ambitious action equivalent to a carbon tax set to rise quickly to $75 a ton in 2030.

The price to pay

To limit global warming to 2°C or less—the level deemed safe by science—large emitting countries need to take ambitious action. For example, they should introduce a carbon tax set to rise quickly to $75 a ton in 2030.

This would mean household electric bills would go up by 43 percent cumulatively over the next decade on average—more in countries that still rely heavily on coal in electricity generation, less elsewhere. Gasoline would cost 14 percent more on average.

But the revenues from the tax, between ½ and 4½ percent of GDP (depending on the country), could be used to cut other taxes, such as income or payroll taxes that harm incentives for work and investment.

Governments could also use the money to support disproportionately affected workers and communities, for example coal-mining areas, or pay an equal dividend to the entire population. Alternatively, governments could compensate only the poorest 40 percent of households—an approach that would leave three quarters of the revenues for additional investment in green energy, innovation or to fund the Sustainable Development Goals.

Taxpayer money would also help save more than 700,000 people a year in advanced and emerging market economies who currently die from local air pollution. And the money would help contain future global warming, as agreed by the international community.

It can be done

About 50 countries have a carbon pricing scheme in some form. But the global average carbon price is currently only $2 a ton, far below what the planet needs. The challenge is for more countries to adopt one and for them to raise the price.

Sweden has set a good example. Its carbon tax is $127 per ton and has reduced emissions 25 percent since 1995, while the economy has expanded 75 percent since then.

Acting individually, countries may be reluctant to pledge to charge more for carbon if, for example, they are worried about the impact of higher energy costs on the competitiveness of their industries.

Governments could address these problems with agreement on a carbon price floor for countries with high levels of emissions. This can be done equitably with a stricter price floor requirement for advanced economies.

For example, a carbon price floor of $50 and $25 a ton in 2030 for advanced and developing G20 countries respectively would reduce emissions 100 percent more than countries’ current commitments in the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change. Countries that want to use different policies, like regulations to reduce emission rates or curb coal use, could join the price floor agreement if they calculate the carbon price equivalent of their policies.

Polluters pay

Feebates are another option at policymakers’ disposal. As the name implies, in a feebate system governments charge a fee on polluters and give a rebate for energy efficient and environmentally-friendly practices. Feebates encourage people to reduce emissions by choosing hybrid vehicles over gas guzzlers or using renewable energy like solar or wind over coal.

Policies need to go beyond raising the price of emissions from power generation or domestic transportation. It is also necessary to introduce pricing schemes for other greenhouse gases, for example, from forestry, agriculture, extractive industries, cement production, and international transportation.

And governments need to adopt measures to support clean technology investment. These include power grid upgrades to accommodate renewable energy, research and development, and incentives to overcome barriers to new technologies, such as the time it will take companies to efficiently produce clean energy.

The world is looking for ways to foster investment and growth that create jobs. What better way to do it than investing in clean energy to both slow and adapt to climate change. The transition to clean energy may seem daunting, but policymakers can act to change the current course of climate change. As Nelson Mandela once said, “It always seems impossible until it is done.”

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2019_10_10_fiscal_policies_to_curb_climate_change Thu, 10 Oct 2019 17:30:28 +0300
<![CDATA[Royal baby Archie meets Desmond Tutu on South African tour]]> Four-month-old makes royal tour debut with anti-apartheid stalwart, 87, in Cape Town

Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor made a memorable royal tour debut by meeting the Nobel peace laureate Desmond Tutu in Cape Town.

The Duke and Duchess of Sussex, on a tour of South Africa, released video footage and photographs on their Instagram feed of four-month-old Archie’s introduction to one of the heroes of the anti-apartheid movement.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2019_09_25_royal_baby_archie_meets_desmond_tutu_on Wed, 25 Sep 2019 15:19:16 +0300
<![CDATA[What Nelson Mandela Really Thought About Princess Diana]]> Two of the most influential global figures in the nineties, Nelson Mandela and Princess Diana, had great respect for one another. Through their mutual dedication to helping Africa’s most needy, they developed an incredible bond and helped to bring together two very different countries. Here is the story of the friendship between Princess Diana and Mandela.

How Princess Diana met Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela (L) and Princess Diana (R)
Nelson Mandela (L) and Princess Diana (R) | ANNA ZIEMINSKI/AFP/Getty Images

Five months before her death, in 1997, Princess Diana went to Cape Town for a private visit to her brother, Earl Spencer, who lived in the town’s suburbs at the time. While she was there, she had the opportunity to meet the South African President Nelson Mandela.

The two inspiring figures had lots to talk about. Mandela praised her dedication to helping those infected with AIDS. “We saw her sitting on the beds of AIDS patients and shaking hands with them, and that changed perceptions dramatically with regards to AIDS,” Mandela said.

Princess Diana told the press that she was happy to help. “I came here to discuss the situation of AIDS in the country with the president and that’s what we’ve been discussing,” she said. “I said if I can help in any way, I’m available to do it.”

Mandela also expressed his appreciation for Princess Diana’s visit with the children in Angola, who had been crippled by landmines. This was another important cause for Princess Diana, The destruction of South Africa’s landmines was largely because of her attention to the subject, and Mandela acknowledged this.

When asked by a photographer to give Princess Diana a kiss, Mandela responded that it “would be treason.”

After the visit, Princess Diana expressed that she was “absolutely thrilled” to meet Mandela, and he responded by saying that he was “still trembling” from the encounter. “I didn’t know that I would meet a British princess,” Mandela told the press.

Princess Diana is remembered by Nelson Mandela

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About Diana: "Once divorce from Charles was on the cards, she was going to be shut out. She thought her telephones were bugged, and her house was bugged, and she was being watched. She was quite obsessed with the idea of accidents in general, primarily involving the Prince of Wales. She often mentioned helicopter accidents, never an accident involving a car." Raine, Countess Spencer, Princess Diana's stepmother. For 'The Diana Inquest' in 2007 ■ قالوا عن ديانا: "عندما بدأت التحضيرات لإجراء طلاقها من تشارلز بشكل رسمي، أدركت بأنهم سوف يتخلصون منها. كانت تعتقد بأنهم يتنصتون على مكالماتها الهاتفية، وبأن منزلها مراقب، وبأنهم يراقبون كل تحركاتها بعناية فائقة. لقد كانت فعلا مهووسة بفكرة وقوع الحوادث المدبرة بشكل عام، وتحديدا وقوع حادث مدبر لها من أمير ويلز. وغالبا ما كانت تقول لي عن فرضية وقوع حادث مدبر لها داخل طائرة هيلوكبتر، ولم تقل شيئا أبدا عن فرضية وقوع حادث مدبر لها داخل سيارة." الكونتيسة راين سبنسر، زوجة أب اﻷميرة ديانا. وقد تم تسجيل شهادتها هذه في جلسة علنية بحضور الصحافة في المحكمة العليا البريطانية عام 2007 ضمن التحقيق في حادث وفاتها المأساوي ■ #princessdianaforever #humanitarian #princessofwales #princessdiana #gb #hertruestory #kensingtonpalace #uk #thebritishroyalfamily #theroyalfamily #thebritishmonarchy #queenofhearts #instagood #instaroyal #instalike #di #fashionicon #peoplesprincess #style #glamorous #icon #foreveryoung #uk #الأميرة_ديانا #أميرة_ويلز #أميرة_القلوب #الأميرة_ديانا_لﻷبد #بريطانيا #لندن #قصتها_الحقيقية #أميرة_الشعب

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After her death, Princess Diana was missed by the world, and especially by Mandela. “I was devastated, because she would have turned the tables around,” he said, referring to her work in Africa around disease and poverty.

Mandela reminded the public how Princess Diana would sit on the bedside, and hold the hand of those afflicted with leprosy and AIDS. “She transformed public attitudes, and improved the life chances of such people,” he said.

Mandela called on the public to “learn from her example, and embrace her legacy.”

In 2002, Mandela visited to the United Kingdom, where he was given a chance to visit Diana’s grave and plant an oak tree in her honor.

Prince Harry honors Nelson Mandela

Just like his mother, Africa is a place that Princess Diana’s youngest son, Prince Harry, holds close to his heart. He’s been able to visit South Africa several times, and during those visits, a favorite stop for the prince is the Nelson Mandela Foundation.

When he visited in 2015, it was reported that Prince Harry was given a tour of Mandela’s former offices, where he was immediately drawn to a photo of his mother meeting the South African President in 1997.

Prince Harry also had the chance to meet Mandela’s widow, Graca Machele. He gifted her a photo of himself that he’d taken shortly after Mandela’s death.

What was the photo? When the news of Mandela’s death broke in 2013, Prince Harry was trekking in the South Pole, as part of the Walking with the Wounded South Pole Allied Challenge. When he heard the news, Prince Harry planted a South African flag on the pole in honor of Mandela. The photo he presented Machele was him planting the flag for Mandela.

Prince Harry also returned to the Nelson Mandela exhibit in 2018 with Meghan Markle, which the couple described as “thrilling.” Through their visit, they were able to continue the positive relationship between the two countries that began with Princess Diana and Mandela. 

Read the original article from The Cheat Sheet]]>
http://so-l.ru/news/y/2019_07_16_what_nelson_mandela_really_thought_about Tue, 16 Jul 2019 07:35:14 +0300
<![CDATA[Adrian Steirn's best photograph: the last portrait of Nelson Mandela]]> ‘We waited 10 days for him to feel well enough to sit for the shoot. He was 95 and so weak, the mirror had to be supported’

I shot this in 2011, as part of a series of portraits of extraordinary South Africans, from Desmond Tutu to FW de Klerk. The project – 21 Icons – was inspired by Mandela, but he didn’t agree to take part until after it was under way. I remember the day I got the phone call. I was driving home from Table Mountain in Cape Town, having just taken the dogs for a run. Mandela had seen the portraits of De Klerk and Tutu and decided he would like to be photographed too. Winnie Mandela, his former wife, got in touch on his behalf. At first, I thought it was a friend playing a joke. It was pretty surreal.

Mandela had not been photographed for many years. I started documenting what would turn out to be his last years, shooting family life and birthdays. I had incredible access. For the final portrait, to be included in 21 Icons, I knew exactly how to shoot him. I had wanted to use a mirror in this way since I’d first dreamed up the project in my kitchen in 2009. He was in his 90s, though, and was fragile. We waited for 10 days, in his house in the Eastern Cape, until he was well enough to sit for the shoot. He wasn’t ill so much as frail. He was so weak the mirror had to be supported.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2019_07_11_adrian_steirn_s_best_photograph_the_las Thu, 11 Jul 2019 08:00:56 +0300
<![CDATA[Idris Elba meets Kwame Kwei-Armah: 'I feel a massive connection with trees']]> The actor celebrates all big events in his life by wrapping his arms round a sturdy trunk. With the help of director Kwame Kwei-Armah, he has turned his obsession into a show

Idris Elba has a thing about trees. He’s got a tattoo of one on his left arm, partially hidden today by a black T-shirt – but that’s not all. Whenever Elba needs to mark a major event in his life – birthdays, new years, that kind of thing – he heads outside and wraps his arms around a trunk. “I just feel a massive connection to the roots that are underneath, which are very high and wide, and to the oxygen that comes from the top,” he says. “And then there’s me in the middle … Idris Elba, tree-hugger!”

He lets out a burst of laughter, as does the director Kwame Kwei-Armah. The pair are here today because they’ve collaborated on a new project called, funnily enough, Tree – an ambitious mix of music, dance and drama set to premiere at this year’s Manchester international festival. The pair have known each other for decades but this is the first time they’ve worked together. “The seeds are laid right,” Elba says, and the metaphors continue, with much talk of “cultivating” and “planting” in their creative process.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2019_06_24_idris_elba_meets_kwame_kwei_armah_i_fe Mon, 24 Jun 2019 17:40:44 +0300
<![CDATA[The Guardian view on South Africa’s elections: Ramaphosa needs a mandate | Editorial]]> The president inherited a country on the ropes. The stakes are high

It is 25 years since Nelson Mandela cast his vote for the first time, in the elections crowning South Africa’s journey from apartheid to freedom. “We have moved from an era of pessimism, division, limited opportunities, turmoil and conflict,” he told reporters afterwards. “We are starting a new era of hope, reconciliation and nation-building.”

Wednesday’s general election could prove another pivotal moment for the country; but South Africa approaches the polls with only muted optimism. Jacob Zuma’s replacement as president by Cyril Ramaphosa last year ended the nation’s most troubled period since the end of apartheid. But the near decade of Mr Zuma’s rule saw not only the wasting of precious opportunities, but also the squandering or stealing of the country’s resources – including the hope of many of its citizens. Though the new president promised a cleaner and more competent government, capable of effecting the changes his country sorely needs, progress is slow. The ANC’s own officials have described this as “a referendum about rescuing South Africa”.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2019_05_05_the_guardian_view_on_south_africa_s_elec Sun, 05 May 2019 20:25:02 +0300
<![CDATA[Struggling South Africans lose faith in Nelson Mandela’s legacy]]> Andiswa Kolanisi looks out over the corrugated iron roofs, the shelters of salvaged plyboard, the washing fluttering in the raw wind, and smiles as she remembers a day 25 years ago. “The memories of that time are there but it is like we are telling a fairy tale now,” she says. “When we think about the difference between now and then, we ask: what happened?”

Kolanisi lives in the Cape Flats, a flat and dusty swath of land behind the stunning Table Mountain. Around her, neighbours in the squatter camp on the ragged fringe of a township called Khayelitsha listen carefully. Kolanisi supports four children and her unemployed husband by selling “fat cakes”, deep-fried bread rolls, at a nearby crossroads. Here there are no roads, no formal electricity or water supply, and those living in the few hundred shacks use half a dozen overflowing portable toilets supplied by the local authority. They all face eviction at a moment’s notice.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2019_05_05_struggling_south_africans_lose_faith_in Sun, 05 May 2019 09:00:39 +0300
<![CDATA[Buy a classic Guardian photograph: Nelson Mandela in Scotland, 1997]]> In the latest of our Guardian Print Shop series we have an image of Nelson Mandela glimpsed through a train window as he was heading to St Andrews for meetings with Commonwealth heads of government, by Murdo MacLeod

Hosted by the then prime minister Tony Blair, the 1997 Commonwealth heads of government meeting, held in Edinburgh from 24 to 27 October, was the largest in the organisation’s history to that point. Even the Queen made an appearance, the first for a monarch. This was Nelson Mandela’s second appearance as South African president – and his last. You feel as if you are intruding on a rare private moment, as Mandela sits on a train heading to St Andrews for meetings. For the photographer Murdo MacLeod, this was the closest he could get to the retreat’s main players. “It was one of those pooling arrangements; glimpses in railway stations were about as good as it got,” he recalls. At the last Chogm, held in London in 2018, the secretary-general, Baroness Patricia Scotland, quoted Mandela: “Vision, without action, is just a dream. Action, without vision, just passes the time. But vision with action can change the world.”

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2019_05_03_buy_a_classic_guardian_photograph_nelso Fri, 03 May 2019 14:00:38 +0300
<![CDATA[The life and reign of Emperor Akihito – in pictures]]> After 30 years on the throne, Emperor Akihito is to abdicate on 30 April and his son, Crown Prince Naruhito, will officially accede on 1 May. The 85-year-old emperor is the first in two centuries to stand down. His reign began on 7 January 1989, following the death of his father, Emperor Hirohito

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2019_04_29_the_life_and_reign_of_emperor_akihito Mon, 29 Apr 2019 09:00:48 +0300
<![CDATA[Mandela's sketch of his Robben Island cell door to be sold at auction]]> Drawing is one of 22 works made in 2002 as therapeutic activity about his incarceration

Of all the sketches he made about his 27-year incarceration, this was the one Nelson Mandela wanted to keep. A depiction of his Robben Island cell door with a key in it – a powerful symbol of hope and resilience.

Now the previously unseen drawing – one of 22 sketches Mandela made in 2002 as therapeutic activity – is to be sold, according to the auction house Bonhams.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2019_04_12_mandela_s_sketch_of_his_robben_island_ce Fri, 12 Apr 2019 14:20:56 +0300
<![CDATA[Gary Younge: ‘Our understanding of democracy is under threat']]> Our editor-at-large on the six US elections he’s covered so far, the upheaval in politics – and why many Republicans like him

When I was younger, I wanted to be a doctor. Or maybe a revolutionary, but a doctor in my spare time. As I got a bit older, I discovered that I loved words, and I studied translation – I wanted to play with language, and was fortunate enough to do so as a student in France and Russia. But I soon realised that I didn’t just want to convey the words of other people – I had things I wanted to say myself. I was very politically involved, particularly in anti-apartheid, student politics and the labour movement. So I was delighted to receive a Scott Trust bursary, and even more so when I was invited to do a week’s work experience at the paper.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2019_03_09_gary_younge_our_understanding_of_democ Sat, 09 Mar 2019 11:30:08 +0300
<![CDATA[Nelson Mandela's personal artefacts go on show in London]]> Former South African president’s letters to family and Robben Island sleeping mat form part of exhibition

On 1 June 1970, Nelson Mandela wrote a letter to his young daughters Zeni and Zindzi from his prison cell on Robben Island. “My darlings,” he wrote. “It is more than eight years since I last saw you …”

The girls’ mother Winnie had also been imprisoned the previous year, and their father had no idea, he wrote, who was looking after them in the school holidays, who fed them, bought them clothing or paid their school fees. He had written two letters to the pre-teenage girls the previous year, he told them, but had learned neither had reached them.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2019_02_07_nelson_mandela_s_personal_artefacts_go_o Thu, 07 Feb 2019 20:21:33 +0300
<![CDATA[Hugh Lewin obituary]]> In 1959, Hugh Lewin, who has died aged 79, joined the South African Liberal party: shortly afterwards it became the only legal non-racial political party in the country, with the banning in 1960 of Nelson Mandela’s African National Congress.

Frustrated at the ruthless police state repression, Hugh joined the clandestine African Resistance Movement and embarked on a sabotage campaign, targeting government installations such as electricity pylons.

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http://so-l.ru/news/y/2019_01_21_hugh_lewin_obituary Mon, 21 Jan 2019 21:03:06 +0300
<![CDATA[Thatcher dismissive of Mandela after first phone chat, files reveal]]>
  • Major apologised to Bill Clinton over draft-dodging suspicions
  • John Major’s cabinet considered holding EU vote, papers reveal
  • Saga of horse given to John Major by Turkmenistan
  • Margaret Thatcher dismissed Nelson Mandela as having “rather a closed mind” and expressed her disappointment after their first telephone conversation, according to secret files released at the National Archives.

    The long buildup to the two leaders’ eventually successful meeting in July 1990 – five months after his release from a South African prison – is revealed in official prime ministerial records.

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    http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_12_28_thatcher_dismissive_of_mandela_after_fir Fri, 28 Dec 2018 03:01:08 +0300
    <![CDATA[Посольство РФ сообщает об ухудшении условий содержания Бутиной в тюрьме]]> Посольство РФ в США сообщает об очередных притеснениях в отношении гражданки РФ Марии Бутиной, выраженных в ухудшении условий содержания в тюрьме, куда она помещена по обвинению в шпионаже.

    При этом администрация тюрьмы даже не пожелала сообщить дипломатам причины такого отношения к заключённой.

    «Выразили протест руководству тюрьмы в связи с ужесточением условий содержания обвиняемой по надуманным политическим основаниям россиянки. Она уже провела 67 суток в полной изоляции, что является превышением лимитов, установленных т.н. правилами Н.Манделы», - говорится в сообщении посольства.

    «Правила Нельсона Манделы» - это минимальные стандартные правила ООН в отношении обращения с заключенными. Российское посольство в очередной раз потребовало немедленно освободить российскую гражданку из заключения.

    Новости политики: Россиянка Мария Бутина отозвала прошение о снятии обвинений в суде США

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    http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_11_28_posolstvo_rf_soobshaet_ob_uhudshenii_uslo Wed, 28 Nov 2018 10:21:00 +0300
    <![CDATA[Pik Botha obituary]]> Roelof Frederik “Pik” Botha, who has died aged 86, became the world’s longest-serving foreign minister while acting as principal mouthpiece for the South African regime abroad – a daunting task which he carried out with remarkable aplomb and not without enjoyment.

    Like other Afrikaner politicians, he could come across as slow when speaking English, as it was not his mother tongue, and so Botha was frequently underestimated. His stocky build, deep gravelly voice, military moustache and heavy features belied diplomatic skill and unexpected charm, gifts he deployed with panache. With his uncalvinistic joie de vivre, he could look flamboyant alongside such dour Afrikaner National party (NP) leaders as John Vorster, who promoted him, and his brutal namesake, PW Botha, who kept him on, as did FW de Klerk, the last head of the apartheid state.

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    http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_10_12_pik_botha_obituary Fri, 12 Oct 2018 18:09:53 +0300
    <![CDATA[My grandfather Nelson Mandela fought apartheid. I see the parallels with Israel | Nkosi Zwelivelile]]> My grandfather, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, would have turned 100 this year. The world is marking the centenary of his birth and celebrating his leadership in the struggle to end apartheid in South Africa. But while my country has long been free from racist minority rule, the world is not yet free of the crime of apartheid.

    Like Madiba and Desmond Tutu before me, I see the eerie similarities between Israel’s racial laws and policies towards Palestinians, and the architecture of apartheid in South Africa. We South Africans know apartheid when we see it. In fact, many recognise that, in some respects, Israel’s regime of oppression is even worse.

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    http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_10_11_my_grandfather_nelson_mandela_fought_apa Thu, 11 Oct 2018 14:36:51 +0300
    <![CDATA[Statue wars: what should we do with troublesome monuments?]]> The global protest movement to tear down urban memorials that reinforce racism is rewriting the very story of our cities. Should any monument be safe?

    Cape Town was the first. In March 2015, a student named Chumani Maxwele brought a bucket filled with shit to the University of Cape Town, where there stood a statue of Cecil Rhodes, the British diamond magnate, colonial politician and avowed white supremacist. “There is no collective history here – where are our heroes and ancestors?” Maxwele announced. He splashed the contents of the bucket over the monument.

    The incident attracted national attention and within days had grown into a full-scale protest. Students covered the Rhodes statue with graffiti and plastic bags, and promised to demonstrate until it was removed. The statue had drawn criticism before, but none of such sustained anger, even though there was no mistaking what the Rhodes monument represented. Erected in 1934, it occupied the very centre of the campus, the bronze Rhodes gazing out over the city as though contemplating creation: his and, perhaps, God’s.

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    http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_09_26_statue_wars_what_should_we_do_with_trou Wed, 26 Sep 2018 14:00:17 +0300
    <![CDATA[Oh dear! A brief history of politicians who tried to dance]]> In honour of UK prime minister Theresa May’s brave attempts at dancing in Africa recently, we take a look back at the many times world leaders and other politicians have shaken off the shackles of good judgement and let loose

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    http://so-l.ru/news/y/2018_08_31_oh_dear_a_brief_history_of_politicians Fri, 31 Aug 2018 10:42:41 +0300