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13 марта, 14:40

Augmented Reality Is Already Improving Worker Performance

The relationship between technology and jobs is center stage in the policy and academic debate. The discussion reveals a fascinating, troubling contradiction. On the one hand, there is widespread fear that innovation will lead to a loss of jobs and rising income inequality — the “race against the machines” narrative. On the other, the slowdown in productivity growth across advanced economies has led some economists to argue that new innovations have no impact on growth. This debate has paid little attention to what we see as one of the most important waves of innovation. Upskilling technologies, a partnership between humans and smart machines, can augment workers’ abilities, resulting in dramatically improved performance, greater safety, and higher worker satisfaction. One of the best examples of this type of partnership is the industrial use of augmented reality (AR) smart glasses in manufacturing, warehousing, and field service environments that overlay computer-generated video, graphic, or text information onto physical objects — for example, step-by-step repair instructions hovering over a machine part, visually guiding a worker through the job. As we’ll show, wearable AR devices are now being used in manufacturing and industrial settings and can boost workers’ productivity on an array of tasks the first time they’re used, even without prior training. These technologies increase productivity by making workers more skilled and efficient, and thus have the potential to yield both more economic growth and better jobs. The video below, for example, shows a side-by-side time-lapse comparison of a GE technician wiring a wind turbine’s control box using the company’s current process, and then doing the same task while guided by line-of-sight instructions overlaid on the job by an AR headset. The device improved the worker’s performance by 34% on first use. Before we look further at AR applications in the workplace, let’s take a step back and examine the macroeconomic issues that make machine augmentation of human performance so important. The U.S. and other advanced economies have suffered a severe drop in productivity growth since the great recession. In the United States productivity growth averaged just 0.5% per year from 2011 to 2016, compared to 3% from 1996 to 2005, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. This has led to subpar economic growth and stagnant wages, with momentous social and political repercussions not only in the U.S. but also in most of the developed world. At the same time, as the chart below shows, U.S. manufacturing job openings are quickly outpacing the supply of qualified candidates, resulting in a growing gap in the industrial workforce. A 2015 Deloitte study estimates that there will be 3.5 million manufacturing jobs available over the next decade in the US, 2 million of which will go unfilled. This is a continuation of an existing trend.   Compounding the shortage is what numerous studies have pointed to: a growing skill gap between job requirements and the available labor pool. According to the U.S. labor department, a majority of manufacturing jobs now require partial or full college education, which is in stark contrast with the situation at the start of the 21st century, when the majority of manufacturing jobs were filled by workers with only a high school education. These are high-wage, high-productivity jobs, such as those done by advanced manufacturing technicians and electrical machine maintenance workers, that, if filled, could accelerate economic growth. As advanced economies look to speed growth, they face the headwind of an aging population, which slows the rate of growth of the labor force. The solution to this problem is faster productivity growth, which requires higher worker skills. College education may be part of the solution, but increasing the proportion of college-educated people in the workforce will take time we don’t have. Job retraining programs are faster, but have only been partially successful in addressing job market mismatches. While factories increasingly employ the latest smart, connected technologies, human workers remain central to factory performance. Efficiently delivering information to them that enhances their performance is essential. Some efforts to this end have involved installing stationary PCs or tablets at workstations that, for example, provide warehouse workers with inventory data or allow repair technicians to check off completed steps during a maintenance call. But these solutions interrupt the workflow, constraining productivity. There’s been concern about machines replacing human workers, and certainly this is happening for some jobs. But the experience at General Electric and other industrial firms shows that, for many jobs, combinations of humans and machines outperform either working alone. Wearable augmented reality devices are especially powerful, as they deliver the right information at the right moment and in the ideal format, directly in workers’ line of sight, while leaving workers’ hands free so they can work without interruption. This dramatically reduces the time needed to complete a job because workers needn’t stop what they’re doing to flip through a paper manual or engage with a device or workstation. It also reduces errors because the AR display provides explicit guidance overlaid on the work being done, delivered on demand. Workers need only follow the detailed instructions directly in front of them in order to move through a sequence of steps to completion. If they encounter problems, they can launch training videos or connect by video with remote experts to share what they see through their smart glasses and get real-time assistance. Like the wind turbine wiring case in the video above, a study conducted by Bell Helicopter division showed that AR improved a worker’s speed in assembling a wiring harness by 32% on first use. And at GE Healthcare a warehouse worker receiving a new picklist order through AR completed the task 46% faster than when using the standard process, which relies on a paper list and item searches on a work station (view video here). Additional cases from GE and several other firms show an average productivity improvement of 32%. We believe that AR technologies will be instrumental in closing the skill gap that is responsible for the shortage of skilled manufacturing workers. Because AR will allow more workers to do high-skill jobs, and improve their performance in this work, we are optimistic that industrial productivity will grow and that this will ultimately translate into higher wages.

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10 марта, 20:30

Bell: вертолеты будущего

Компания Bell Helicopter продемонстрировала на выставке Heli-Expo 2017 прототип вертолета, который послужит "дорожной картой для будущего вертолетной техники".

08 марта, 16:22

Honeywell (HON) Secures New Orders for Helicopter Engines

Honeywell International Inc. (HON) recently secured fresh orders for its HTS900 helicopter engines from Eagle Copters Ltd.

02 марта, 04:46

The U.S. Army Wants Its Own "Stealthy" Weapon in the Air

Kris Osborn Security, While developers stop short of calling the new project a “stealth” helicopter, they do acknowledge they are engineering “stealthy” characteristics.  Bell intends to build upon and advance existing tiltrotor technology such as that which is currently operation in the Bell-Boeing V-22 Osprey aircraft. The Osprey continues to perform well in a wide range of missions and has recently been selected by the Navy to perform the Carrier On-board Delivery or COD mission transporting troops, equipment and weapons on-and-off surface ships.  The V-280 Valor is designed to be slightly bigger than an existing Black Hawk helicopter and use 24-inch seats to carry 11 passengers with gear, Tobin said.  “What Bell has done is taking its historical V-22 aircraft, and all the demonstrators before that, and applies them to this next-generation tilt-rotor. It is a straight wing versus a V-22 which is not straight. This reduces complexity,” Dan Bailey, JMR TD Program Manager, said in an interview with Scout Warrior last year. “They are also building additional flapping into the rotor system and individual controls that should allow for increased low-speed maneuverability.” Bell Helicopter engineers and weapons developers and looking at innovative ways to reduce the radar signature of their new, next-generation V-280 Valor tilt-rotor aircraft slated to be operational by the 2030s. While developers stop short of calling the new project a “stealth” helicopter, they do acknowledge they are engineering “stealthy” characteristics -- such as infrared (IR) heat suppressing systems and various fuselage contour constructions as a specific way to make the new aircraft less targetable by enemies. “We will definitely employ some passive measures in terms of how we shape the aircraft, to make it invisible. The key is not to be able to target it and reduce the signature passively so radar sweeps do not see anything. In the end, you do not want to get detected or engaged,” Vince Tobin, vice president of advanced tiltrotor systems, Bell Helicopter, told Scout Warrior in an interview.   While, quite naturally, many of the specifics regarding stealth technology are not available, there are a few broad parameters followed closely by developers of low-observability aircraft. They include reducing the heat signature coming from engines or exhaust along with efforts to shape the exterior of the aircraft to be less detectable to “pings” or return signals to enemy radar. Read full article

13 февраля, 17:30

The Zacks Analyst Blog Highlights: Harris, Triumph Group, Lockheed Martin, Raytheon and Textron

The Zacks Analyst Blog Highlights: Harris, Triumph Group, Lockheed Martin, Raytheon and Textron

11 февраля, 01:16

Defense Stock Roundup: Earnings Beat at HRS, Miss at TGI; TXT, LMT & RTN Win Big Deals

In terms of growth, the Aerospace and Defense sector secured the second position with 88.9% beating earnings estimates and 44.4% surpassing the revenue mark.

10 февраля, 08:51

Пентагон увеличил заказ на «Гадюки»

Минобороны США заказало для морской пехоты у компании Bell Helicopter дополнительную партию новых ударных вертолетов AH-1Z Viper.

09 февраля, 18:23

Textron's Bell Helicopter Wins $423.4M Deal for H-1 Program

Textron's (TXT) AH-1Z is one of the worl's most advanced combat helicopters.

08 февраля, 17:22

Textron's Bell Helicopter Wins $49M Navy Deal for AH-1Z Jets

AH-1Z, manufactured by Textron's (TXT) Bell Helicopter, is one of the world's most advanced combat choppers.

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01 февраля, 16:34

Lockheed Martin: The Sikorsky Acquisition One Year On

Lockheed Martin purchased Sikorsky for close to $9 billion in November of 2015. At the time, most felt that LMT had overpaid. Too, they believed that Sikorsky would have fit better at Textron, which manufactures Bell helicopters. At the time of the purchase, the helicopter market was in a slump.

25 января, 15:52

Textron Inc. (TXT) Misses on Q4 Earnings and Revenues

Our consensus called for fourth quarter EPS of 87 cents, and Textron (TXT) reported EPS of 80 cents.

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24 января, 11:20

Учись пилить бюджет

Чемпионами по распиловке бюджетов, несомненно, являются американцы. Разработка первого поколения тяжелых вертолетов CH-53 Sea Stallion, включая постройку прототипов, обошлась США в начале 1960-х годов в 10 миллионов долларов и потребовала примерно четыре года. На трехдвигательный CH-53E Super Stallion в 1970-х ушло десять лет и сто миллионов, а на глубоко модернизированный вариант этой машины, СH-53K King Stallion — почти полтора десятилетия и более шести миллиардов долларов. Подорожали и сами вертолеты — за CH-53E в начале 1990-х платили около 25 миллионов долларов, а CH-53K обойдется налогоплательщику почти в сто миллионов за штуку.

21 января, 00:57

Defense Stock Roundup: BAE Systems, Northrop, Lockheed, Boeing, Textron Score Big Wins

Defense majors BAE Systems plc (BAESY), Northrop Grumman Corp. (NOC), Lockheed Martin Corp. (LMT), Textron Inc. (TXT) and Boeing Co. (BA) secured a number of orders from the Department of Defense's (DoD) daily funding session.

20 января, 16:31

Is a Surprise in Store for Textron (TXT) in Q4 Earnings?

Textron (TXT) carries a Zacks Rank #3 which increases the predictive power of ESP. However, the company's 0.00% ESP makes surprise prediction difficult.

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20 января, 13:57

Перспективный конвертоплан V-280 будет построен с применением технологии «стелс»

Инженеры компании Bell Helicopter планируют применить «стелс» технологии при производстве нового конвертоплана V-280 «Доблесть».

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20 января, 11:18

США скрывают «Доблесть»

Разработчики перспективного американского конвертоплана V-280 «Доблесть» стремятся достичь скорости полета в 520 км/ч и сохранить все свойства обычного вертолета, включая возможность зависания и высокую маневренность на небольших скоростях. При этом конструкторы фирмы Bell Helicopter хотят добиться ...

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20 января, 08:20

США скрывают "Доблесть"

Разработчики перспективного американского конвертоплана V-280 "Доблесть" стремятся достичь скорости полета в 520 км/ч и сохранить все свойства обычного вертолета, включая возможность зависания и высокую маневренность на небольших скоростях. При этом конструкторы фирмы Bell Helicopter хотят добиться от новой машины низкого уровня радиолокационной и тепловой заметности.

18 января, 05:08

The U.S. Military's Next Super Stealth Weapon Is Not What You Think It Is

Kris Osborn Security, Not a fighter or a plane.  Bell Helicopters emerging V-280 Valor aims to engineer an advanced tiltrotor aircraft able to hit speeds of 280 knots, hover and maneuver like a next-generation helicopter -- all while reducing the radar signature of the aircraft. Bell Helicopter engineers and weapons developers and looking at innovative ways to reduce the radar signature of their new, next-generation V-280 Valor tilt-rotor aircraft slated to be operational by the 2030s. While developers stop short of calling the new project a “stealth” helicopter, they do acknowledge they are engineering “stealthy” characteristics -- such as infrared (IR) heat suppressing systems and various fuselage contour constructions as a specific way to make the new aircraft less targetable by enemies. “We will definitely employ some passive measures in terms of how we shape the aircraft, to make it invisible. The key is not to be able to target it and reduce the signature passively so radar sweeps do not see anything. In the end, you do not want to get detected or engaged,” Vince Tobin, vice president of advanced tiltrotor systems, Bell Helicopter, told Scout Warrior in an interview.   While, quite naturally, many of the specifics regarding stealth technology are not available, there are a few broad parameters followed closely by developers of low-observability aircraft. They include reducing the heat signature coming from engines or exhaust along with efforts to shape the exterior of the aircraft to be less detectable to “pings” or return signals to enemy radar. Radar sends electromagnetic signals, pulses or “pings” traveling at the speed of light – bounces them off of an object – and analyzes the return signal to determine the shape, size and speed of an enemy target. For this reason, electronic “jamming” is another tactic used to thwart or throw off enemy radar systems. Recognizing the importance of lowering the helicopters heat signature, Tobin explained that Bell is now investigating cutting-edge engine technologies specifically designed to reduce the heat they emit. “We are looking for opportunities to reduce that heat signature. A lot of new technologies that the engine companies are looking for include seeking the best ways to ensure maximum performance of the engine while using an IR suppressor,” Tobin explained. Read full article

17 января, 18:20

Stock Market News for January 17, 2017

Markets endured a roller coaster ride last week as investors mostly remained focus on President-elect Donald Trump's first news conference since Nov 8.

16 октября 2015, 00:24

Новый конвертоплан от Bell Helicopter

Помните, мы рассматривали интересное техническое решение - Что такое синхроптер. Так вот, еще не утихли споры по поводу эффективности и нужности существующих Полусамолетов или полувертолетов Bell-Boeing V22-Osprey , а уже объявлено о готовности создавать и выпускать новую модель конвертопланов. Компании Bell Helicopter и Sikorsky объявили о полной готовности создавать военные вертолёты и конвертопланы нового поколения. Информационный портал defensenews.com сообщает, что на конференции Ассоциации армии США (AUSA), которая в эти дни проходит в Вашингтоне, разработчики показали полноразмерную модель и симулятор нового поколения конвертопланов V-280 Valor, которые должны заменить конвертоплан V-22 Osprey, а также вертолёт SB-1 Defiant, стоящие на вооружении армии США. Конвертоплан V-280 Valor разрабатывают компании Bell Helicopter и Lockheed Martin. По словам создателей, они уже сейчас готовы начать производство новых летательных аппаратов, хотя по планам американских военных новые конвертопланы должны поступить на вооружение ВС США только к 2030 году.   Выставочный образец конвертоплана V-280 Valor, defensenews.com   Главным преимуществом V-280 Valor перед V-22 Osprey разработчики называют более низкую стоимость при лучших лётных характеристиках (закупка одного V-22 Osprey обходится американской армии в $115–116 млн). В новой модели не будет съёмного крыла, что позволит снизить общий вес машины, а также поворотного двигателя – в V-280 Valor положение меняет только ротор винта.   Компьютерная модель конвертоплана V-280 Valor, bellv280.com   Ещё одна новация, применённая в V-280 Valor – полностью композитный фюзеляж. По словам разработчиков, это сделает новые машины более лёгкими и прочными. По предварительным расчётам, новый конвертоплан сможет развивать скорость в 518 км/ч, боевой радиус полёта составит 1 500 км, а перегоночная дальность – 3 900 км. При этом экипаж машины будет состоять из двух человек, а ещё 12 солдат в полной экипировке смогут поместиться в пассажирском салоне.   Холдинг «Вертолёты России» работает над конвертопланами для российской армии. Информационное агентство «РИА Новости» сообщает о том, что разрабатываемый в России гибрид самолёта и вертолёта должен стать универсальной машиной. По замыслу разработчиков, конвертоплан может быть полноценным ударным средством, обеспечивать поддержку сухопутным войскам, а также использоваться на кораблях военно-морского флота. Заместитель генерального директора холдинга «Вертолёты России» Андрей Шибитов заявил, что в компании разрабатывают совершенно новую для России технологию конвертоплана с гибридной силовой установкой, способной разгонять летательный аппарат до 500 км/ч. Разработка новых летательных аппаратов пройдёт в три этапа. На первом этапе планируется создать беспилотник массой до 300 кг для демонстрации возможностей новой технологии. Следующим шагом будет создание конвертоплана массой до 2 т. Такая машина будет управляться дистанционно и станет промежуточным звеном для создания полноценного конвертоплана. На третьем этапе разработчики планируют построить пилотируемый аппарат, способный нести на борту вооружение и пассажиров.   Еще немного интересного про авиационную технику: вот знаменитая конструкция Летающее крыло, а вот Эффект Полякова — как сбивали американцев и именно В России разработали уникальный вертолет. Посмотрите вот на такой Чудо-юдо самолет и Как американский пилот сам себя сбил Оригинал статьи находится на сайте ИнфоГлаз.рф Ссылка на статью, с которой сделана эта копия - http://infoglaz.ru/?p=78770