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City Developments
Выбор редакции
30 ноября, 15:04

Надвигается реституция, Польша заберет свое: обзор недвижимости Украины

Источник: ИА Regnum Главные новости относительно недвижимости на Украине за осень 2016 года. Согласно данным Госстата Украины, площадь жилья, введённого в эксплуатацию за январь—сентябрь 2016 года, сократилась в сравнении с аналогичным периодом 2015 года на 6,9% (5,674 млн кв. метров и 6,1 млн кв. метров соответственно). Следует отметить, что это продолжение падения, так как в 2015 году за тот же период площадь сданного жилья также сократилась к 2014 году — на 3,1% (6,1 и 6,28 млн кв м). Стоимость жилой недвижимости продолжает снижаться во всех регионах Украины — как благополучных, так и депрессивных. Отличается только скорость падения цен. Так, согласно данным профильного портала Est.ua, считая с сентября прошлого года года наибольшее снижение цен зафиксировано на малой родине президента Украины Петра Порошенко и премьер-министра Владимира Гройсмана (Винница), где цены просели сразу на 25,3% — в среднем до 575 долл. за кв м. Менее всего, на 10,4% снизились цены в Ужгороде (Закарпатская обл.), где квадратный метр продают за 597 долл. В столице Украины средняя цена метра жилья — эквивалент 1118 долл. (-12,7%). Любопытно, что довольно высокими темпами падает стоимость жилья в Одессе, Харькове, Львове, Днепропетровске (-19,8%, — 19,1%, — 16,8%, — 16,4% — до 800 долл., 603 долл., 868 долл., 581 долл. за кв метр соответственно). Это довольно крупные города, выделяющиеся среди прочих областных центров Украины драйверами роста (отдых, туризм, промышленность, крупные рынки, большое количество ВУЗов, приграничный статус, экспортно-импортные потоки и т.п. ). Снижение фиксируется не только в сравнении с сентябрём прошлого года. Буквально с сентября по октябрь 2016 года цены во всех упомянутых городах уменьшились на 4−7 долл./кв м. Следует отметить, что Est.ua приводит средние цены, которые включают весь спектр предлагаемого жилья. Если же рассматривать покупку жилья только в новостройках, то для четырёх вышеназванных областных центров они составят эквивалент 735, 551, 652 и 692 долл./кв м. Для Киева чуть дороже — 855 долл. Такие цены на октябрь 2016 года фиксирует профильный портал M2bomber. Эксперты этого портала уточнили журналистам издания «Сегодня», что ждать обратной динамики в ближайшее время не стоит: «За последние два года украинские аналитики рынка недвижимости каждый квартал говорят, что наступило очередное «дно» стоимости квартир, и дешевле уже не будет. Мы, на основании ежедневного мониторинга, предполагаем, что в связи с постоянно возникающими скандальными стройками (а если верить депутатам Киевсовета, сейчас каждая 10-ая застройка только в г. Киев незаконная), с обеднением украинского народа и со сложившейся экономической ситуацией в Украине — не стоит в ближайшее время ожидать повышения стоимости квадратных метров (в долларовом эквиваленте) на рынке новостроек, и это подтверждает наша статистика цен». Директор City Development Solutions Ярослава Чапко и вовсе ожидает ценовых войн: «Снижение объемов продаж, наблюдавшееся весной и летом 2016 года, не испугало игроков рынка, которые уверенно стартуют на новых масштабных площадках. Скорее всего, в ближайшем будущем рынок ожидают масштабные ценовые войны девелоперов, которые массово рекламируют свои объекты через скидки и акции. Ну что же, ждем квартиры по 10 тысяч долларов», — приводит её слова ibud.ua. При этом количество сделок никак не препятствует снижению цен: рынок вторичного жилья обогнал по количеству продаж рынок новостроек, однако динамика падения цен на нём — 3,79% за январь—июнь 2016 года. Любопытно, что стоимость строительно-монтажных работ, наоборот, растёт, но не может остановить падения цены квадратных метров. Согласно данным Госстата Украины, за 9 месяцев 2016 года строить жильё на Украине стало дороже на 9,3%. И это также не феномен 2016 года, поскольку в 2015 году стоимость СМР подскочила на 27,1%, а в 2014 — на 9,5%. «Себестоимость работ не снижается, а рентабельность строительства уже сейчас минимальная. Мы наблюдали последние несколько лет существенное снижение стоимости жилья на первичном рынке. Чтобы продавать новостройки дешевле, нужно снизить себестоимость. Конечно, это влияет на качество нового жилья… Выбирают не самые дорогие материалы. У меня большой вопрос к новостройкам, которые покупаются по таким низким ценам», — комментирует изданию «Обозреватель» эти ценовые качели руководитель киевского отделения Ассоциации специалистов по недвижимости Украины Артур Пилипчук. Слова эксперта подтверждают и данные Госархстройинспекции (орган, надзирающий за соблюдением строительных норм). Чиновники сообщают, что в январе-сентябре они успели провести 18 тыс. плановых и внеплановых проверок и выявили нарушения в ходе 5,8 тыс. из них. Это на 20% больше, чем за тот же период 2015 года. Застройщикам-нарушителями начислены штрафы на сумму 205 млн грн. Также Артур Паламарчук подтверждает, что рынок вторичного жилья обогнал рынок новостроек, чего не было уже довольно давно, и связывает этот факт с обеднением населения. Да, вторичное жильё иногда обходится покупателю дороже, чем новостройка. Однако такая квартира уже пригодна для жилья, а покупателю нет нужды ждать окончания строительства, подведения коммуникаций, вкладываться в ремонт. Кроме того, многие в ожидании окончания строительства вынуждены жить в арендуемом жильё. Его стоимость (в пересчёте на доллар) также упала — в среднем в 2−2,5 раза, если считать с 2013 года. Однако если на покупку квартир граждане обычно используют накопления в иностранной валюте, то расходы на аренду привязаны к текущему доходу (в гривне). Иначе говоря, аренда дешевеет только для тех, кто получает доход в иностранной валюте. Отдельно следует упомянуть мотивацию покупки. По данным киевских риэлторов, за 9 месяцев 2016 года заключено 3200 сделок купли-продажи квартир в новостройках (3000 в январе-сентябре 2015-го). Однако от 20 до 40% клиентов попросту «перегоняют» избыточную наличность в ценности, которую нельзя потерять из-за инфляции, лишиться в результате кражи и т.п. Недоверие к банковской системе также в числе мотивов для покупки. Иными словами, если бы украинские банки не падали с такой скоростью и регулярностью (около половины банковской системы за минувшие 2 года), то количество сделок могло бы быть как минимум на 20% меньшим. Чтобы мотивировать покупателя на совершение сделки, застройщики порой идут на рискованные схемы финансирования: «Застройщики стимулируют покупателей для внесения полной оплаты за квартиру, предлагая разные скидки, которые могут варьироваться от 3 до 25%. Часто применяется индивидуальный подход к покупателю. Кроме того, активно предлагается инструмент рассрочки: в среднем на рынке она может составлять до 12 месяцев, как правило предлагается беспроцентная ставка, от 12 месяцев — под 6−8% годовых. Рассрочка может достигать 36 месяцев», — заявили представители TARYAN Group журналисту ibud.ua. Естественным следствием того, что стали меньше вводить в строй нового жилья является ещё одна тенденция — стали больше ремонтировать старого. Так, согласно данным информационно-аналитического агентства PAU, по результатам девяти месяцев 2016 года украинский рынок строительных работ вырос на 13,2%, а рынок стройматериалов на 25,3%. Двукратный разрыв объясняется сразу несколькими факторами: — Безработица увеличивает конкуренцию на рынке строительных и ремонтных работ и сбивает стоимость услуг. Кроме того, большее количество украинцев стало делать ремонт своими силами;. — Некоторые стройматериалы (стекло, керамика) не производятся на Украине, а импортёры определённым образом страхуются, закладывая в их стоимость валютные риски. Коммерческая недвижимость U.S. News & World Report представил свой рейтинг 10 наилучших отелей Украины. 1 место в нём занял 11 Mirrors Design Hotel (Киев), второе — Leopilis (Львов), третье — Hyatt Regency Kiev. Также в первую пятёрку вошли Kharkiv Palace Premier Hotel (Харьков), а также ещё один киевский отель — InterContinental Kiev. Всего же в Киеве находятся 6 из 10 отелей рейтинга, 2 во Львове, по одному — в Харькове и Одессе. По мнению журналистов делового портала UBR, в ближайшие годы Украину ожидает дефицит бизнес-центров класса А, спрос на которые формируют в основном украинские IT-компании, работающие на аутсорсинге у иностранных партнёров. Собственно высокий спрос не даёт снижаться ценам на аренду в этом сегменте недвижимости, а в ближайшие несколько лет спрос может увеличиться ещё на 30%. «Найти… хорошие помещения удается не всегда. Некоторые компании строят офисы сами или вместе с коллегами, как, например, во Львове, — где скоро будут возводить комплексный бизнес-центр для айтишников», — описывает проблемы отрасли директор Ассоциации «IT Украины» Виктор Валеев. Подобные проблемы характерны не только для бизнес-центров, но и для торговой недвижимости: «Практика индивидуальных договоренностей при заключении договоров и пересмотре условий аренды применяется всё реже и распространяется в основном на ключевых арендаторов торговых комплексов — большая часть новых договоров подписываются в валюте. В наиболее успешных объектах ставки были пересмотрены в сторону повышения практически для всех групп товаров. Укреплению позиции собственников ТЦ в переговорном процессе способствует усиление конкуренции между ритейлерами при ограниченном предложении качественных помещений», — комментирует для Bin.ua ситуацию на рынке аренды торговой недвижимости, руководитель отдела торговых площадей компании JLL Екатерина Весна. Максимальная ставка аренды составляет сегодня в столице Украины 780 долл./кв. м в год, а свободных площадей при этом всего 4,6%. Её коллега уточняет, что ситуация может измениться в следующем году, поскольку на последний квартал 2016 года были перенесены сроки ввода сразу двух ТРЦ (Lavina Mall и реконструированного ЦУМа) общей площадью свыше 150 тыс. кв м, что почти в 4 раза превышает объём площадей, введённых в строй в 2015 году. Исполнительный директор консалтинговой компании NAI Ukraine Виталий Бойко заявил на пресс-конференции, что сегодня рынок коммерческой недвижимости Украины крайне привлекателен, в том числе для иностранных инвесторов. Бойко ожидает от них повышенного интереса к украинской недвижимости уже в 2017 году: «Все инвестбанкиры и управляющие активами на конференции Expo Real, в которой мы принимали участие, заявляли о том, что их клиенты сталкиваются с проблемой отсутствия качественных объектов недвижимости для инвестирования, а конкуренция между кредиторами и инвесторами за объекты недвижимости — слишком большая, что приводит к сокращению доходности до экономически невыгодного уровня. В Украине ситуация за последние годы качественно изменилась — для развития крупных проектов привлекаются международные консультанты и архитекторы. Наша строительная индустрия одна из крупнейших в Европе — 3 миллиона квадратных метров по Киеву и области. Спрос со стороны арендаторов на торговые площади стабильно высокий. Вакантность в бизнес-центрах и логистических комплексах сокращается. Все это повышает привлекательность украинского рынка коммерческой недвижимости для международных инвесторов». Юридические тонкости Мешает строительству новой недвижимости не только низкий жизненный уровень населения. Так, согласно ежегодно составляемому рейтингу Doing Busyness, по лёгкости получения разрешений на строительство Украина занимает 140 место в мире. И ещё 130-е в сфере возможностей подключения к электросетям. Учитывая, что в 2016 году в рейтинге Украина получила 80 место, можно говорить, что строительство сдерживается неэкономическими факторами. Начисление налога на недвижимость украинцы начинают оспаривать в судах: «Я приняла решение подать в суд, поскольку получила очень большой счёт. Вникнув в вопрос и разобравшись, что постановление местного совета принималось с очевидными нарушениями закона, сочла нужным идти до конца и побороться за правду», — объяснила журналистам региональных изданий жительница Хмельницкой области. Начисление налога на недвижимость входит в компетенцию местных органов власти. Ставки варьируются в пределах 0−3% минимальной зарплаты за 1 кв. метр площади, сегодня это 0−36,54 грн. Впрочем, нередко платить приходится не за всю площадь, а за метры, превышающие определённый порог: 60 кв. м для квартир и 120 для частных домов (Киев, Тернополь, Винница). В других городах порог могут не устанавливать, однако и ставка налога там, как правило, невысока — менее 1%. Однако грядущее повышение размера минимальной зарплаты до 3200 грн в будущем году увеличит размер этой вилки до 0−96 грн. за «квадрат», что, вероятнее всего, приведёт к пересмотру ставок и иных принципов начисления налога. Минюст Украины выпустил специальное разъяснение, которым обязал все нотариальные конторы Украины регистрировать жильё в Крыму, также на неконтролируемых территориях Донецкой и Луганской областей. Из-за действовавшего принципа территориальности с украинской регистрацией недвижимости на указанных территориях (если она кому-то требовалась) возникали проблемы объективного свойства: в Крыму нет нотариальных контор Украины, а действие нотариатов на неконтролируемых территориях было приостановлено ещё в начале т.н. «АТО». Ещё одна инициатива от Минюста — смс-информирование граждан о любых действиях с их недвижимостью. По словам министра юстиции Павла Петренко, цель этой инициативы — противодействие рейдерству. Впрочем, для успеха этой инициативы необходимо, чтобы данные о недвижимости и её собственнике были внесены в единый реестр. Однако, как ранее отмечала украинский адвокат Татьяна Монтян в комментарии для ИА REGNUM, «…у нас единый реестр до сих пор заполнен на 11%, причём этот показатель был достигнут ещё во времена Януковича и никак с той поры не продвинулся». Это означает, что услуга Минюста хоть и полезна, но будет доступна лишь для каждого девятого собственника. Кроме того, упомянутый реестр отличается крайне нестабильной работой. Так, с 14 по 16 ноября сайт реестра в принципе не работал. Тем не менее в правительстве одобрили инициативу Минюста. Тема, которая прежде считалась спекулятивной, внезапно обретает вполне реальные черты: реституция собственности в западных областях Украины. Согласно последним данным, в Польше подготовлено уже около 1,6 тыс. исков о возврате имущества наследникам прежних собственников (преимущественно объединены в Общество кресовяков, т. е. жителей Кресов всходних («восточных границ») — земель, входивших когда-то в состав Польши). «Среди объектов недвижимости, которые требуют поляки — жилые дома, десятки гектаров земли и даже медная шахта в Харьковской области, которую оценили в полтора миллиона долларов», — сообщает польский сайт Prawica. Как утверждает председатель Общества кресовяков Конрад Ренкас, первые иски будут поданы в суды Львова и Тернополя, поскольку в делах, по которым подготовлены иски, лучше всего сохранились документы, а значит, выше вероятность выиграть суд. Несмотря на довольно внушительное количество исков, посол Польши на Украине Ян Пекло призывает украинцев не беспокоиться. «Во-первых, это инициатива не государства, а какой-то маргинальной группы, которая хочет создать проблему. Я знаю, что там есть человек, который просто думает не польскими категориями», — заявил посол журналисту государственного информагентства «Укринформ». Впрочем, как раз украинцев такой аргумент может и не убедить: сегодня немалая часть украинского парламента представлена политическими силами и политиками, которых долгое время считали маргиналами. К тому же «польские категории» — это не юридический термин. Потенциально, реституция может удорожить заключение сделок, поскольку возникнет риск подачи иска на возврат земли/недвижимости. Оригинал размещён в моём блоге.

25 октября, 19:01

Intel’s startup funding

Intel Corp said yesterday that it will invest US$38 million from its Intel Capital fund in 12 startups globally, including two Chinese firms.

25 октября, 08:54

Украинцы отказываются покупать жилье в Киеве

В третьем квартале 2016 года продажи открылись в 16 жилых комплексах в Киеве. Суммарное количество квартир в них достигает 6 тыс. единиц. Всего в украинской столице недвижимость продается в 215 комплексах, что примерно на 8% […]

12 октября, 08:00

Capturing land value, key to Latin American cities development

IDB study offers ways to finance sustainable urban growth by capturing land value in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Выбор редакции
19 сентября, 21:37

Sri Lanka: Investing in Galle, Jaffna, and Kandy for Greater Livability and Competitiveness

What makes a city competitive? What makes a city livable? Sri Lanka’s cities are experiencing rapid development but are facing growing pains. These increasingly vibrant and dynamic centers including the country’s secondary cities of Kandy, Galle and Jaffna are increasingly plagued by congestion and lack of equal access to quality services and facilities by residents. To make the cities more livable and competitive, the Strategic Cities Development Project (SCDP) is improving livability for over 650,00 residents in Kandy, Galle, and Jaffna through investing in urban services, such water treatment, transportation, and improved public services.

22 августа, 14:09

Продажи столичного жилья летом упали на 10-30% – эксперт

Объемы продаж жилья на первичном рынке недвижимости Киева летом 2016 года снизились на 10-30% по сравнению с аналогичным периодом 2015 года, сообщил директор консалтинговой компании City Development Solutions (CDS, Киев) Ярослава Чапко.

19 августа, 03:41

How Milwaukee Shook Off the Rust

The Midwestern hub reclaimed some of its industrial glory by doing a surprising thing. It cleaned up.

09 августа, 15:28

The Olympic Feat of Urban Sustainability

This week, the eyes of the world are on the city of Rio de Janeiro, as visitors and Cariocas alike revel in the celebration of an historic moment: the first time the Olympics and Paralympics Games have ever been held in South America. The Games are all about competition between individuals, teams and nations. We cheer for our nations and delight in the competitive spirit of the games. And yet, when we speak of the Olympics, we don't discuss host countries -- we talk instead about host cities. And the Olympic Games are only one example of how cities are commanding greater influence on the national stage, an evolution that has significant implications for our global community. While nations go to great lengths to best other countries in everything from economic growth to football, the story at the city level is quite the contrary: it is a quiet but powerful story of collaboration and cooperation, especially when it comes to taking action against climate change. As megacity mayors, we have long considered cities laboratories for great ideas, but it wasn't until the COP21 climate negotiations in Paris last year that we recognized the scope of our capacity as local leaders to influence the course of the planet. World leaders made a commitment through the Paris Agreement, but it's up to cities to deliver on that ambition and prevent runaway climate change. How cities develop in the coming years will set the stage for humanity as a whole. The good news is that for more than a decade, the mayors of the world's megacities have come together with passion and momentum to share knowledge and drive measurable and sustainable action on climate change through the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40). Today, 85 cities are members of the network, representing 650 million people and a quarter of the world's economy. Created and led by cities, C40 is focused on tackling climate change and driving urban action that reduces greenhouse-gas emissions -- C40 cities have already committed to reducing their emissions by a total of more than 3 gigatons of C02 by 2030 -- the equivalent of taking 600 million cars off the road. Mayors are sharing ideas, driving ambition and creating the momentum that will be essential in keeping the increase in global temperatures below 1.5 degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels. Crucially, the exchange of ideas between cities is genuinely global. More than half of the cities in the C40 network are from Latin America, Asia, Africa and the Middle East -- these city leaders are showing incredible commitment to low-carbon development and climate action. In anticipation of the Olympic Games, Rio has prioritized legacy projects -- investments in or improvements to the city, like improved public transport -- that will directly benefit the people of Rio. For every one Real they have spent on the Olympic Games, they have invested five Reais on ensuring a sustainable legacy for the city. And cities are taking every opportunity to pursue the twin goals of urban sustainability and economic growth. For Rio, the Olympics have given us the chance to coordinate all efforts toward a common goal: an eye toward a better future for the city. The Games provided Rio with an opportunity to move toward a more sustainable, equitable and green future, enhancing urban mobility, fortifying and unifying the city's data systems, revitalizing neglected areas of the city and undertaking some of the most ambitious legacy projects an Olympic City has ever seen. Though Paris is a much older and more storied city, we have found innovative ways to welcome the principles of sustainability to its heart: closing the iconic Champs-Élysées to cars once a month, pedestrianizing the banks of the Seine, retrofitting buildings and establishing a citywide long-term emissions-reduction goal. As the star power from the Paris climate talks fades, city leaders are in the trenches, tackling the daily challenges of a city's needs while creating the framework for long-lasting commitments to building cities healthier, safer and greener. In fact, at the end of this year, mayors, urban experts, businesspeople and celebrities from around the world will come together at the C40 Mayors Summit in Mexico City. There, delegates will work to continue positioning cities as a leading force for climate action around the world, defining and amplifying their call to national governments for greater support and autonomy in delivering climate action and creating a sustainable future. Exactly one year since the COP21 climate negotiations in Paris, these leaders in the global effort against climate change will once again provide the vision and inspiration to political leaders everywhere to deliver on the Paris Agreement. As the current Chair and Chair-Elect of C40, we are determined to see the world's largest and most influential cities continue to mobilize to deliver on this promise. Our ambition is not only to create low-carbon cities that are safe against the shocks of a rapidly warming world, but to deliver sustainable, equitable and healthy futures for millions of urban citizens worldwide. *Anne Hidalgo, Mayor of Paris, was recently elected to succeed Eduardo Paes, Mayor of Rio De Janeiro, as Chair of the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group. Mayor Hidalgo will take the role in December 2016. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

09 августа, 15:28

The Olympic Feat of Urban Sustainability

This week, the eyes of the world are on the city of Rio de Janeiro, as visitors and Cariocas alike revel in the celebration of an historic moment: the first time the Olympics and Paralympics Games have ever been held in South America. The Games are all about competition between individuals, teams and nations. We cheer for our nations and delight in the competitive spirit of the games. And yet, when we speak of the Olympics, we don't discuss host countries -- we talk instead about host cities. And the Olympic Games are only one example of how cities are commanding greater influence on the national stage, an evolution that has significant implications for our global community. While nations go to great lengths to best other countries in everything from economic growth to football, the story at the city level is quite the contrary: it is a quiet but powerful story of collaboration and cooperation, especially when it comes to taking action against climate change. As megacity mayors, we have long considered cities laboratories for great ideas, but it wasn't until the COP21 climate negotiations in Paris last year that we recognized the scope of our capacity as local leaders to influence the course of the planet. World leaders made a commitment through the Paris Agreement, but it's up to cities to deliver on that ambition and prevent runaway climate change. How cities develop in the coming years will set the stage for humanity as a whole. The good news is that for more than a decade, the mayors of the world's megacities have come together with passion and momentum to share knowledge and drive measurable and sustainable action on climate change through the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40). Today, 85 cities are members of the network, representing 650 million people and a quarter of the world's economy. Created and led by cities, C40 is focused on tackling climate change and driving urban action that reduces greenhouse-gas emissions -- C40 cities have already committed to reducing their emissions by a total of more than 3 gigatons of C02 by 2030 -- the equivalent of taking 600 million cars off the road. Mayors are sharing ideas, driving ambition and creating the momentum that will be essential in keeping the increase in global temperatures below 1.5 degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels. Crucially, the exchange of ideas between cities is genuinely global. More than half of the cities in the C40 network are from Latin America, Asia, Africa and the Middle East -- these city leaders are showing incredible commitment to low-carbon development and climate action. VIDEO: In anticipation of the Olympic Games, Rio has prioritized legacy projects -- investments in or improvements to the city, like improved public transport -- that will directly benefit the people of Rio. For every one Real they have spent on the Olympic Games, they have invested five Reais on ensuring a sustainable legacy for the city. And cities are taking every opportunity to pursue the twin goals of urban sustainability and economic growth. For Rio, the Olympics have given us the chance to coordinate all efforts toward a common goal: an eye toward a better future for the city. The Games provided Rio with an opportunity to move toward a more sustainable, equitable and green future, enhancing urban mobility, fortifying and unifying the city's data systems, revitalizing neglected areas of the city and undertaking some of the most ambitious legacy projects an Olympic City has ever seen. Though Paris is a much older and more storied city, we have found innovative ways to welcome the principles of sustainability to its heart: closing the iconic Champs-Élysées to cars once a month, pedestrianizing the banks of the Seine, retrofitting buildings and establishing a citywide long-term emissions-reduction goal. As the star power from the Paris climate talks fades, city leaders are in the trenches, tackling the daily challenges of a city's needs while creating the framework for long-lasting commitments to building cities healthier, safer and greener. In fact, at the end of this year, mayors, urban experts, businesspeople and celebrities from around the world will come together at the C40 Mayors Summit in Mexico City. There, delegates will work to continue positioning cities as a leading force for climate action around the world, defining and amplifying their call to national governments for greater support and autonomy in delivering climate action and creating a sustainable future. Exactly one year since the COP21 climate negotiations in Paris, these leaders in the global effort against climate change will once again provide the vision and inspiration to political leaders everywhere to deliver on the Paris Agreement. As the current Chair and Chair-Elect of C40, we are determined to see the world's largest and most influential cities continue to mobilize to deliver on this promise. Our ambition is not only to create low-carbon cities that are safe against the shocks of a rapidly warming world, but to deliver sustainable, equitable and healthy futures for millions of urban citizens worldwide. *Anne Hidalgo, Mayor of Paris, was recently elected to succeed Eduardo Paes, Mayor of Rio De Janeiro, as Chair of the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group. Mayor Hidalgo will take the role in December 2016. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

02 августа, 19:40

Joint Statement by the United States of America and the Republic of Singapore

1.      At the invitation of the President of the United States of America Barack Obama, Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore Lee Hsien Loong made an official visit to the United States to celebrate 50 years of diplomatic relations and to enhance the bilateral strategic partnership.  For half a century, the two countries have built a strong relationship anchored by robust economic cooperation, security and defense cooperation, and enduring people-to-people ties.  Beyond bilateral cooperation, the two countries have worked as close partners to build a rules-based economic and security order for the Asia-Pacific and to address challenges on the global stage, including economic prosperity, climate change, terrorism, transnational crime, and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.   On the occasion of the visit and the August 2, 2016 meeting between the two leaders, the United States and Singapore adopted this Joint Statement, affirming a continued commitment to advancing their strategic partnership in the areas below. Supporting Robust Economic Cooperation and Commercial Connectivity and Driving Innovation 2.      The U.S.-Singapore economic and commercial relationship provides a model to the world for how open markets and fair trade practices increase prosperity and drive innovation.  Our shared economic priorities embrace trade liberalization, market reform, trade security, capacity building, innovation, entrepreneurship, climate change mitigation, clean energy, intellectual property protection, fair labor practices, and cyber security.  Today, over 3,700 U.S. companies are located in Singapore, making Singapore a premier destination for U.S. businesses. A growing number of Singapore companies have also established a presence in the United States.  3.      The two sides noted that the U.S.-Singapore Free Trade Agreement, the first such U.S. agreement in Asia and now in its 12th year, is a gold-standard agreement that has shaped other bilateral and multilateral FTAs in the region.  The largest of these, the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), reflects the commercial dimension of the U.S. rebalance to Asia and Singapore’s commitment to high trade standards.  Both countries emphasized the strategic and economic importance of all participating countries to ratify the TPP agreement expeditiously, and both committed to strengthen trade capacity building among TPP members. 4.      The two leaders affirmed efforts to support expanding economic ties through closer cooperation on bilateral tax issues, and noted ongoing discussions between the two sides on  a tax information exchange agreement (TIEA), which will permit our two countries to exchange relevant tax information to enforce our respective tax laws, and an intergovernmental agreement (IGA) that provides for reciprocal automatic exchange of information with respect to certain financial accounts under the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA).  Both sides are committed to complete negotiations and sign the TIEA and the reciprocal FATCA IGA as soon as possible with the aim of doing so by the end of 2017. The leaders noted the two countries would ‎maintain discussions on whether to negotiate an Avoidance of Double Taxation Agreement in the future, taking into account double taxation with respect to both U.S. investments in Singapore and Singaporean investments in the United States and our mutual interest in avoiding base erosion and profit shifting by multinationals. 5.      The two leaders forged new cooperation on Smart City development and digital innovation.  This includes (a) identifying opportunities for research collaboration between the National Science Foundation and the Singaporean National Research Foundation, (b) sharing of best practices and information exchange between both Governments on topics such as smart city policies, digital government, urban innovation and digital citizen engagement, through, among other things, the Digital Government Exchange forum to be held in Singapore and the Discover Global Markets: Building Smart Cities forum to be held in Chicago, and exchanges between the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy and the Smart Nation Program Office in the Prime Minister’s Office; and (c) facilitating exchanges for start-ups, as reflected in the MoU between the city of Austin and Singapore. 6.      The two nations look forward to deepening their economic cooperation including under the U.S.-ASEAN Connect (“Connect”) initiative, announced in February 2016 by President Obama during the U.S.-ASEAN Leaders Summit at Sunnylands.  As the strategic framework for U.S. economic engagement with ASEAN, Connect will build upon U.S. government economic initiatives within ASEAN to support regional integration efforts and cooperation with the private sector. Singapore offered support for a new Connect program focused on the digital economy, which could include innovation policy workshops under the Third Country Training Program.  The two leaders confirmed collaboration on the third US-ASEAN Connect event to be held in Singapore in 2016, which will focus on themes such as digital economy and financial technology (FinTech). The inaugural Singapore FinTech Festival will be supported by the Connect Center in Singapore and the United States Department of Commerce.  The two leaders welcomed the signing of an MOU between the US Department of Commerce and Singapore's Ministry of Trade and Industry to promote collaboration in the infrastructure sector between US and Singapore companies in Southeast Asia and third-party markets. Enhancing Security and Defense Cooperation 7.      The two leaders reaffirmed the strong bilateral defense partnership, underpinned by the 1990 Memorandum of Understanding and 2005 Strategic Framework Agreement, and most recently elevated by the 2015 Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement.  Singapore trains or stations approximately 1000 personnel each year in the United States.  The United States deploys aircraft and ships to Singapore on a rotational basis to conduct a variety of regional maritime patrol activities covering counterpiracy, counterterrorism, humanitarian assistance, and disaster response. President Obama welcomed Singapore’s continued interest in the F-35 aircraft.  The two leaders expressed support to explore new training opportunities for the Singapore Armed Forces in Guam, with an eye toward a potential long-term training detachment for the Republic of Singapore Air Force.   8.      The United States and Singapore are committed to broadening and deepening our cooperation to promote an open, interoperable, reliable, and secure global Internet that supports innovation, economic growth and social development.  We are committed to ensuring that the digital economy remains a force for robust economic growth and prosperity.  Both sides expressed strong support for the new U.S.-Singapore MOU on Cooperation in the Area of Cybersecurity, which lays a foundation for expanding our cooperation on cyber issues.  The United States and Singapore affirmed their support for the multi-stakeholder approach to Internet governance.  We reaffirm, moreover, that the same rights that people have offline must also be protected online. Both sides pledged to deepen their information exchange and sharing, to conduct new bilateral initiatives on critical infrastructure cybersecurity, and to continue to cooperate on cybercrime, cyber defense, and on regional capacity building activities, including through joint exercises, regular exchanges and visits, joint R&D and capability development, regional cyber capacity building programs or initiatives. 9.      The two leaders endorsed a common approach to international cyber stability, affirming that international law applies to State conduct in cyberspace, and committing to promote voluntary norms of responsible state behavior in cyberspace.  The United States and Singapore affirm that no country should conduct or knowingly support online activity that intentionally damages critical infrastructure or otherwise impairs the use of critical infrastructure to provide services to the public; that no country should conduct or knowingly support activity intended to prevent national computer security incident response teams (CSIRTs) from responding to cyber incidents, or use CSIRTs to enable online activity that is intended to do harm; that every country should cooperate, consistent with its domestic law and international obligations, with requests for assistance from other states in mitigating malicious cyber activity emanating from its territory; and that no country should conduct or knowingly support cyber-enabled theft of intellectual property, including trade secrets or other confidential business information, with the intent of providing competitive advantages to its companies or commercial sectors.  10.  First discussed by both Leaders when they met in 2013, both leaders welcomed a new joint statement to extend the Law Enforcement and Homeland Security, and Safety Cooperation Dialogue for another 3 years, which reinforces the strong cooperation in law enforcement matters, including counter-terrorism and anti-corruption, between the two countries.  The two leaders also welcomed the MOU, which will be signed in September, between Singapore’s Home Team Academy (HTA) and the U.S. Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers (FLETC) to collaborate and share expertise and best practices in law enforcement training, leadership development, and capacity building.  Both countries sought to increase bilateral and regional cooperation to combat internet and computer crime. 11.  The United States has partnered with Singapore on a number of issues related to transportation security. Both sides welcomed the 2016 signing of a Memorandum of Understanding between the Transportation Security Administration and Ministry of Transport on capability development in the Asia-Pacific Region through joint training and capacity building to enhance the level of aviation security standards. The first joint training outreach event will take place in Singapore in 2017 where Asia-Pacific States will be invited to participate. Addressing Regional and Global Challenges 12.  Both countries reaffirmed their commitment to ASEAN Centrality and to strengthening the regional architecture in the Asia-Pacific, including existing ASEAN-led mechanisms such as the East Asia Summit (EAS) and the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) to better address common transnational challenges such as maritime security, climate change and trafficking-in-persons.  The two leaders highlighted the importance of the U.S.-ASEAN strategic partnership, and the principles underpinning this relationship as outlined in the Sunnylands Declaration, for the peace, prosperity, and security of the Asia-Pacific. 13.  The two leaders highlighted the success of the U.S.-Singapore Third Country Training Program (TCTP), which has received more than 700 officials from across ASEAN since its establishment in 2012. They expressed support for its continued growth, including in the areas of trade policy, environment protection, and addressing   non-traditional security threats. 14.  The two leaders resolved to enforce UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 2270, adopted in response to the DPRK’s January nuclear test, which imposes unprecedented sanctions on the DPRK.  The United States welcomed and offered full support for Singapore’s commitment to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, including the full and effective implementation of UNSCR 2270.  Both leaders welcomed the commitment to expand bilateral cooperation to ensure the enforcement of this resolution, including on cargo inspections, shipping, and finance. The United States welcomed and offered full support of Singapore's commitment to strengthen advanced cargo screening procedures, which is essential to securing the global supply chain, including through Singapore’s decision to conduct a three-year trial of the World Customs Organization’s Cargo Targeting System. Such measures play an essential role in securing global commerce, not only against proliferation from all sources, but against terrorism and other criminal activity. 15.  The two leaders acknowledged the continued global threat posed by terrorism and the need to enhance information sharing on counterterrorism related issues. The two countries have also co-invested $30 million to date under the 2006 Combating Terrorism Research and Development agreement to improve capabilities to combat terrorism.  Both leaders welcomed the extension of the agreement for another 10 years for investments up to $100 million.  The two leaders reaffirmed their commitment as Counter-ISIL coalition members to degrade and defeat ISIL.  President Obama welcomed Singapore’s commitment to continue existing contributions to coalition efforts, including the deployment of refueling tanker aircraft and an Imagery Analysis Team, as well as Singapore’s new commitment to deploy medical support to Iraq. 16.  The leaders reaffirmed the importance of maintaining regional peace and stability and upholding freedom of navigation in and overflight above the South China Sea.  They emphasized the importance of resolving disputes peacefully, including full respect for legal and diplomatic processes, without resorting to the threat or use of force, in accordance with international law, including as reflected in the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.  They urged all parties to avoid actions that would escalate tensions, including the further militarization of outposts in the South China Sea.  They reaffirmed their support for the full and effective implementation of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea and the expeditious conclusion of a Code of Conduct in the South China Sea.   17.  Both countries affirmed the importance of addressing climate change and transitioning towards a low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development pathway, and committed to pursue a range of initiatives to advance these goals. They resolved to work together to implement the historic Paris Agreement.  The United States reaffirms its commitment to join the Agreement this year, and Singapore commits to taking the domestic steps necessary to join as soon as possible, with a view to joining in 2016.  They also called on all nations to support the Agreement’s early entry into force in 2016.  Both nations affirmed the importance of supporting the development and implementation of the transparency framework established under the Paris Agreement, with common modalities, procedures and guidelines. Both nations look forward to the early operationalization of the Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency.  They resolve to explore opportunities to collaborate on institutional and technical capacity-building activities to help other Parties meet the requirements of the transparency framework.  Both countries affirmed their commitment to work to adopt an ambitious and comprehensive hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) phase-down amendment in 2016 within the Montreal Protocol pursuant to the Dubai Pathway. They supported the adoption of a global market-based measure (MBM) at the upcoming Assembly of the International Civil Aviation Organization for implementation from 2020, as part of a collective effort to address climate change through a comprehensive basket of measures. The leaders emphasized the importance of a global MBM in supporting the aviation industry's desire to grow sustainably and prevent a patchwork of national or regional MBM schemes given the cross-border nature of international flights. 18.  The two leaders commended the adoption of the fifth Plan of Action in August 2015 under the U.S.-Singapore Free Trade Agreement’s environmental cooperation Memorandum of Intent (MOI).  To protect our shared environment, the United States and Singapore commit to strengthen cooperation to conserve biodiversity and ecosystems by combating the illegal trade in CITES species, improving the capacity of institutions, and strengthening policies to ensure effective implementation and enforcement of environmental laws.  Singapore also stated its intention to positively consider implementing a ban on the domestic trade in ivory.  Both countries also look forward to deepening the exchange of information on environmental policies, best practices and the use of innovative environmental technology and pollution management techniques, and to work closely together and with other WTO Members to conclude an ambitious Environmental Goods Agreement (EGA) that eliminates tariffs on a wide range of environmental goods by the end of the year.  We also resolve to cooperate to conserve our oceans and to combat illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing, including by implementing port State measures in recognition of the importance of concerted international action to address IUU fishing as reflected in regional and international instruments, including the Port State Measures Agreement. 19.  The United States and Singapore affirmed their commitment to advance the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) to assist other countries to implement the International Health Regulations (IHR) and prevent, detect, and respond to biological threats, whether naturally occurring, deliberate or accidental.  In 2016, the United States underwent a Joint External Evaluation (JEE) of its national capabilities to achieve the GHSA and other IHR-related targets and will publish the results.  In 2017, Singapore will initiate a JEE.  The United States has made a commitment to assist at least 31 countries to achieve the GHSA targets, and Singapore will join two GHSA Action Packages to share best practices to assist others.  Singapore will also provide experts, where available, to support the assessments of other countries, including within ASEAN. Strengthening People-to-People Ties 20.  Both the United States and Singapore affirmed their commitment to further strengthen the already deep bonds of friendship, cooperation, and mutual understanding between the peoples of the two countries.  The United States welcomed the launch of an exchange scholarship program to mark 50 years of diplomatic relations and deepen people-to-people ties.  The scholarship will fund summer exchange programs for 50 Singaporean and 50 U.S. students over the course of the next 5 years.  In support of the U.S. Young Southeast Asian Leaders Initiative (YSEALI), which has grown into a network of more than 80,000 youth across the region, the U.S. will convene an Urban Planning Workshop in 2017 in Singapore.  Both sides recognized the success of the YSEALI program and the contributions made by its Singaporean participants in promoting innovation, inspiring cross-ASEAN connectivity, and advancing bilateral ties. 21.  The United States was pleased to open Global Entry eligibility to include citizens of Singapore from June 2016.  Singapore in turn allowed Americans to apply for its enhanced-Immigration Automated Clearance System (eIACS) under the Trusted Traveller Program (TTP).  Following the Joint Statement issued by the United States and Singapore on Dec. 1 2014, both countries had worked together to officially launch the TTP on June 27, 2016. The TTP reaffirmed the strong trust and ties that the United States and Singapore enjoy given that Singapore is the 1st ASEAN country to be in the program. These trusted traveler programs will make travel between our two nations more convenient and secure for travelers. Enhancing our Enduring Partnership 22.  Through a half-century of diplomatic relations, the United States and Singapore have forged an expansive and enduring relationship by cooperating on issues of mutual interest and shared principles.  Both leaders committed to further enhance the U.S.-Singapore strategic partnership, making it deeper, more substantive, and more effective to better support peace, stability, and cooperation across the region and around the world. 

17 июня, 02:38

How Cincinnati Salvaged the Nation’s Most Dangerous Neighborhood

Leaning on the power of local corporations, officials engineered a renaissance in the city’s heart.

07 июня, 22:35

FACT SHEET: U.S.-India Economic Cooperation and People-to-People Ties

Economic and people-to-people ties form a key pillar for the growing U.S.-India Strategic Partnership.  Two-way trade and investment between our nations continue to reach new heights.  The two governments continue to expand existing cooperation and efforts as well as launch new initiatives to bring about mutual economic prosperity as well as to collaborate to address global challenges.  Below are the key highlights since President Obama’s visit to New Delhi in January 2015: Commercial, Trade, and Investment Partnerships Economic and Financial Partnership (EFP): The 6th annual EFP between the U.S. Department of the Treasury and Indian Ministry of Finance met in April 2016 and worked toward deeper cooperation on policies to promote strong, sustainable growth; greater investment, capital market development in India, including municipal bond market development; continued resolution of outstanding tax disputes, and increased collaboration on anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism.  Cooperation on Financial Inclusion:  The United States and India recognize the importance of efforts to expand financial inclusion as a means to fostering inclusive economic growth.  Recently, building on a U.S. commitment of $10 million made in November 2014, the two sides formalized a bilateral partnership with the Indian Ministry of Finance to establish a shared vision for India’s inclusive digital economy.  This new partnership will work with over 35 U.S., Indian, and international companies and organizations to expand acceptance by merchants of digital payments to advance our shared financial inclusion goals. Financing Broadband Expansion:  The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) announced in April 2016 that it will provide $171 million in financing to support the expansion of low cost and rapidly scalable wireless broadband networks across India, and further the goals of the Global Connect Initiative.  The project is expected to provide fixed wireless Internet access to at least 6.5 million residential subscribers. Launching the Innovation Forum:  The two sides welcomed plans to launch the private sector-led U.S.-India Innovation Forum on the margins of the 2016 U.S.-India Strategic & Commercial Dialogue (S&CD) to be held later this year.  The Innovation Forum aims to establish a platform for U.S. and Indian entrepreneurs to discuss best practices in promoting a culture of innovation and highlight the leading role that innovation partnerships can play in the U.S.-India economic relationship. Public-Private Innovation:  The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is pleased to partner with the Government of India’s Department of Biotechnology (DBT), the Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC), and the Gates Foundation on a number of Grand Challenge Initiatives (GCI) that are focused on supporting Indian innovators, researchers, entrepreneurs and organizations to pilot, test and scale up innovations in India.  When applied appropriately, science and technology can have transformational effects that is critical to instigating breakthrough programs.  Later this year, USAID and the Gates Foundation look forward to working together on a fourth collaboration - with DBT and Wellcome Trust – to jointly define the next development challenge. Chief Ministers Conclave: The United States has proposed launching a Chief Ministers Conclave.  The Conclave would aim to promote commercial partnerships between the Indian States and the U.S. private sector by offering a platform for leading Indian states to showcase the advantages of doing business in their states and highlight recent business environment reforms. Investment Promotion:  The United States looks forward to welcoming a substantial Indian delegation to the 2016 SelectUSA Investment Summit, June 19-21, where Indian companies will meet with U.S. local representatives from around the country and hear from President Obama and major company executives about the U.S. “Innovation Advantage.”  SelectUSA is continuing its valuable work with the Export-Import Bank of India and the Indus Entrepreneurs to provide investment research and connections to support Indian firms of all sizes to locate, expand, and succeed in the United States. Infrastructure and Smart Cities Collaboration India Smart City Development:  In support of Prime Minister Modi's Smart Cities initiative, the U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA) is catalyzing U.S. private sector expertise, technology solutions and best practices to mobilize smart city development in Ajmer, Allahabad, and Visakhapatnam.  USTDA will host a series of reverse trade missions to connect officials from Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, and the cities of Allahabad and Ajmer, to U.S. best practices and technologies.  The visits will complement initiatives that both states and their respective cities are presenting in their Smart City Challenge proposals.  These upcoming trade missions follow a similar successful visit by officials from Andhra Pradesh in February 2016.  USTDA is also partnering with a consortium of leading U.S. companies and the State Government of Andhra Pradesh to provide a planning framework, development strategy, and a list of high-priority investment projects for smarter urban development in Visakhapatnam.  The technical assistance is leveraging innovative U.S. technologies, data analytics, and delivery approaches to enhance citizen services and improve efficiencies throughout city operations.   Indo-Pacific Economic Corridor (IPEC):  Recognizing the complementarity of India's Act East Policy and the United States Indo-Pacific Economic Corridor initiative, the United States is supporting increasing economic linkages among South Asian countries and with Southeast Asia by collaborating on physical infrastructure, trade, and human and digital connectivity.  A more integrated South Asia will lead to sustainable and inclusive economic growth where markets, economies, and people are more likely to thrive and prosper.  To this end, at the inaugural experts-level U.S.-India-Japan Joint Working Group on Regional Connectivity on April 22 in New Delhi, the three sides pledged to explore areas for potential trilateral cooperation that support broader economic integration and private sector investment. South Asia Regional Power Market Commercial Law Cooperation:  The United States and India welcomed the first regional consultations on private cross-border power markets under the IPEC strategy, May 9-10, 2016 in Colombo, Sri Lanka, supported by the U.S. Department of Commerce's Commercial Law Development Program (CLDP).  The program focuses on increasing private investor interest in cross-border projects through improving frameworks for corporate insolvency, public procurement, and power project contracts.  CLDP looks forward to hosting the next regional consultations in New Delhi later this summer. Transportation Infrastructure Commercial Deals:  U.S. private sector participation in helping to meet India's infrastructure needs is securing and creating jobs in both countries.  For instance, in November, India's Ministry of Railways awarded General Electric (GE) a commercial contract to provide locomotive engines, valued at $2.6 billion, representing the largest commercial deal in GE's 100-year history in India and India's Jet Airways placed an order for 75 Boeing 737 MAX 8 jetliners, valued at $8.25 billion. Transportation Cooperation U.S.-India Aviation Summit:  Following the successful, high-level Summit last November in Bengaluru, co-hosted by USTDA and the Government of India under the U.S.-India Aviation Cooperation Program, USTDA awarded a grant to India's Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) in February 2016 to jointly support provision of U.S. technical expertise to align India's aviation safety regulatory systems with international standards.  Aviation leaders from both nations' public and private sectors also have committed to strengthen the partnerships to access U.S. solutions for airspace utilization, air-traffic management, airport infrastructure and development financing, aviation safety and security, and general and business aviation development. U.S.-India Aviation Cooperation Program (ACP):  In Spring 2016, government officials from India's aviation sector participated in a study tour to Washington, D.C. and Atlantic City, N.J. to better understand the U.S. approach to testing and certification of aviation security equipment.  Both sides also welcomed the conclusion of a contract for a USTDA-sponsored advanced passenger screening pilot project to demonstrate the implementation of advanced U.S. passenger screening technologies at Delhi International Airport. Science & Technology and Health Cooperation Science and Technology (S&T) Agreement Renewal: The United States and India recently extended the bilateral Science and Technology Agreement for an additional three years.  Under the auspices of the bilateral agreement, the U.S.-India Joint Committee Meeting (JCM) on S&T Cooperation convened in April 14, in Washington to review progress towards implementing action items identified during the 2014 JCM across five working groups.  At the JCM, officials from both sides discussed ways to further improve bilateral cooperation in S&T, including opening up avenues for collaboration between U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) researchers and Indian civilian researchers; improving sharing of real-time, high quality scientific data; and enhancing approval processes for bilateral S&T activities.  S&T Endowment Funds:  Both sides lauded progress made during the April 13 and 15 board meetings of the Indo-U.S. Science & Technology Forum and the U.S.-India Science & Technology Endowment Fund respectively.  The Forum, which promotes bilateral S&T cooperation through joint workshops and trainings, leveraged the experience of its board members to establish subcommittees that will work to build sustainable programming and effective engagement in the U. S. S&T community.  The Endowment Fund, which promotes technology commercialization through funds for joint collaborative R&D projects, approved a grant for a 22nd bilateral innovation project and formed specialized committees focused on strategic planning and fundraising. High Energy Physics:  Researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy and the Department of Atomic Energy of India engage in cooperation in high energy physics, specifically in the area of accelerator research and development.  In an effort to continue and expand the cooperation, both sides are exploring collaborating on research experiments, potentially in the area of neutrino science, with the use of the developed accelerators.  Civil Space Cooperation: Since the 2015 meeting of the U.S.-India Civil Space Joint Working Group, the two sides established a new Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)-National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Heliophysics Working Group for collaboration on Sun and Sun-Earth system exploration and associated research. India Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) Expansion: The United States and India decided to support expansion of the EIS to involve more National Institutes and other organizations as training centers under the coordination of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.  Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Cooperation: Health officials from both sides continued collaboration to combat AMR through the development and implementation of national action plans that detail multi-sectoral steps to prevent the emergence and spread of AMR in healthcare and community settings and the animal sector.  They also endorsed an expanded program of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and AMR research led by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) under the Indo-U.S. Vaccine Action Program.  Additionally, both sides decided to focus existing science and technology partnerships on countering AMR bacteria by promoting rational use of antimicrobials, enhancing hospital infection prevention and control, and ensuring the availability and quality of therapeutics.  Finally, both sides committed to continue to prioritize and address multiple drug resistant and extremely drug resistant tuberculosis. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR):  The United States and India reaffirmed their collaboration to address HIV and AIDS, confirmed their approval of the PEPFAR Strategy, and welcomed renewal of the bilateral arrangement between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and India's National AIDS Control Organization. Cooperation in Cancer Research: The United States and India collaborate across a range of activities to advance cancer control.  In June 2015, the Indian Council of Medical Research, Department of Biotechnology, and the All India Institute of Medical Sciences signed a MoU with the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI).  In March 2016, the first Joint Steering Committee met in New Delhi, and cooperation is ongoing through scientific exchange in cancer research and training that addresses various topics, including cancer screening implementation, research methods, and cancer education and prevention.  India continues to send delegations to the U.S. NCI and NCI-Designated Cancer Centers as it establishes an Indian National Cancer Institute.  There are also discussions to collaborate on cancer control planning programs.  Bilateral discussions on evaluating Indian traditional medicine systems for cancer treatment and palliation are also underway.   People-to-People Ties Growing Academic and Tourism Links:  The U.S. Embassy and Consulates in India issued more than 76,000 student visas in Fiscal Year 2015.  Indian students accounted for the second-largest group of foreign students in the United States in the 2014-2015 school year, with the number of students from India in the United States increasing by over 29 percent to a record high of nearly 133,000.  Through the Passport to India program, the U.S. government encourages American students to study abroad in India.   At the same time, more than a million Americans traveled to India in 2015.  The leaders’ announcement that the United States and India will be Travel and Tourism Partners in 2017 aims to develop joint efforts and programs to grow these people-to-people and economic linkages.  Similarly, the implementation of the Global Entry Program will facilitate travel between the two countries. U.S.-India State and Urban Initiative:  In recognition of the vital role states and cities play in overcoming challenges to sustainable development, the United States and India are working to develop greater cooperation between U.S. and Indian states and cities, in particular on the clean energy front. To that end, both sides intend to develop a new U.S.-India State and Urban Initiative to forge connections between U.S. and Indian subnational leaders, local governments, practitioners, scholars, universities, and investors to share policy and programmatic innovation that will propel both countries towards a sustainable energy future. Cultural and Academic Exchange Programs:  In 2015, 161 American and 122 Indian students and scholars participated in the flagship, binational Fulbright-Nehru Program.  In addition, hundreds of American and Indian students and experts ranging from high school students to established professionals traveled on State Department exchange programs.  There are more than 19,700 alumni of such exchange programs in India, including Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and such programs continue to bind our interests together. University Linkages:  The United States and India announced eight educational partnership projects for the fifth and final round of the Indo-U.S. 21st Century Knowledge Initiative.  Since 2012, this binational program, formerly known as the Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative, has created 32 education partnerships focused on the fields of energy, climate change and environmental studies; education and educational reform; public health; sustainable development and community development; and international relations and strategic studies. Women’s Empowerment:  The United States and India expanded efforts to advance the economic and social empowerment of women and prevent gender-based violence, supporting India’s “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao” initiative.  Their Partnership on Women’s Entrepreneurship in Clean Energy (wPOWER) helps female entrepreneurs sell renewable energy, such as solar lanterns in India, and has now expanded to East Africa and Nigeria. USAID is facilitating an Indian Women’s Impact Business Alliance whereby over 30 members have convened to come up with solutions for building capacity of women impact business and investors, unlocking capital. USAID also worked with private foundations and Indian businesses to invest $14 million on improving the health of adolescent girls in India through the maternal and child health alliance and supports the deployment of a mobile application that helps victims of gender-based violence to access support services. Diaspora:  Both sides recognized the important role of Indian Americans in fostering stronger connections between the United States and India, and have been actively engaging with the Indian diaspora. The diaspora has made significant contributions to the fields of science and technology, with nearly 15 percent of Silicon Valley start-ups and 8 percent of all technology and engineering start-ups nationwide being founded by members of the community. Additionally, nearly 71 percent of the Indian diaspora, age 25 or older, have earned a Bachelor’s degree, and more than half have earned a graduate or professional degree. The Indian American community has also recently become increasingly involved in U.S. politics as well as more active in philanthropic activities. Trilateral Development Cooperation:  In April 2016, the United States and India held trainings for Afghan female business leaders who can return to their country and teach other women skills in embroidery, garment stitching, food processing, and marketing. This program is part of a partnership based on common foreign policy goals including women’s economic empowerment, in this case through a USAID grant to the Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA), one of India’s leading grassroots women’s organizations.  The program is expected to provide vocational training to 3,200 Afghan women, including 200 who will travel to India to receive training in computer literacy, food processing, embroidery and garment making as well as in decision-making, leadership and marketing, in turn becoming “Master Trainers” in Afghanistan.  Other examples involving the promotion of people-to-people ties within the region include a study tour organized in February 2016 for members of parliament from Nepal to visit Bhutan and share best practices in hydropower development. Similarly, the two sides also recently launched a $4 million trilateral development program to train agricultural professionals from 17 African and Asian countries.

06 июня, 00:10

Why the Maker Movement Matters: Part 1, the Tools Revolution

Just like the internet before it, the Maker Movement is revolutionizing manufacturing, with implications for startups and jobs.

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02 июня, 17:28

LA To Turn Old Motels, Hospitals Into 500 Apartments For Homeless Vets

Homeless veterans in LA will soon be able to “check in” to their new homes without dealing with any red tape. The City of Los Angeles unveiled a new plan to turn rundown motels and hospitals in need of minimal repair into 500 apartments for the area’s homeless veterans, according to a statement released by the city.  Developers will purchase the rundown properties, turn them into efficiency apartments and the vets will use vouchers from the Department of Veteran Affairs to fund their rent, The Los Angeles Times reported. The vouchers won’t expire for 15 years, and the deal is expected to enable landlords to make a profit. Additionally, residents will also get supportive services, which includes case management and counseling. There were 2,733 homeless veterans on a single night in the city last year, according to the Los Angeles Homeless Services Authority.  “Instead of allowing blighted properties to decay, let's use them to make powerful change in our communities by giving our veterans the access to services and housing that they need and deserve,” Mayor Eric Garcetti said in a statement. The city will use financing from Proposition 41, which allocated $600 million in bond money for housing for poor and homeless veterans, according to The Times. What advocates appreciate most about the plan is the lack of bureaucracy involved. The “unconventional approach” doesn’t require additional financing or zoning changes, Douglas Guthrie, president and CEO of the Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles, said in a statement. The announcement comes after Los Angeles missed its deadline of ending vet homelessness by the end of last year. In 2014, Garcetti accepted first lady Michelle Obama’s challenge to mayors across the country to put an end to the issue. He announced in August that, due to a “significant change in the scope of the problem,” he would have to push off the deadline.  -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

20 мая, 03:35

The Train That Saved Denver

The car-choked city overcame regional distrust to build a major transit system that is remaking the urban core and the suburbs, too.

19 мая, 16:45

Odd ones out: share your photos of the most out of place city buildings

Leftover heritage or new developments in cities can sometimes stick out like sore thumbs. Share your photos of incongruous city buildings with GuardianWitnessAs cities develop and change, so their streetscapes often become a mix of different architectural styles and eras. But some buildings, either daring new additions or leftovers from a previous time, stick out like a sore thumb (perhaps a beautiful sore thumb, but still).One of my favourite examples of this, though admittedly on the silver screen, comes at the end of Batteries Not Included (a brilliant film which although technically about flying alien robots made of scrap metal is essentially about resisting corporate-led urban development and the destruction of built heritage) when we see a small, historic, stand-alone Manhattan apartment block surrounded by a sea of monolithic slick skyscrapers. I was always reminded of this vision when driving past the Albert Tavern in Westminster, London, which is a Grade II-listed Victorian four-storey brick building surrounded by glassy modern high-rise offices (pictured above). Continue reading...

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08 мая, 23:54

‘Smart’ Cities, ‘Brain Belts’ and Other Places Changing the Economy

There are bright spots in the U.S. economy, which get a lot brighter through a potential ambitious Alphabet city development effort.

06 марта, 09:30

Taking the High Ground—and Developing It

As sea levels rise, investors in Miami are buying up land with higher elevation, sometimes displacing low-income residents.

03 февраля, 18:26

Century Properties Group, Mitsubishi Corp. Break Ground For Forbes Media Tower In The Philippines

MAKATI, PHILLIPINES (February 3, 2016) - Century Properties Group, Inc. (CPG), through its subsidiary Century City Development Corporation (CCDC), and Mitsubishi Corporation, one of Japan’s oldest leading conglomerates, have broken ground for the world’s first Forbes Media Tower®, a 35-storey office building that will rise at Century City, Makati, Philippines. [...]