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28 апреля, 00:44

Facebook's New Anti-Fake News Strategy Is Not Going To Work – But Something Else Might

Paul Ralph, University of Auckland Have you seen some “tips to spot fake news” on your Facebook newsfeed recently? Over the past year, the social media company has been scrutinized for influencing the US presidential election by spreading fake news (propaganda). Obviously, the ability to spread completely made-up stories about politicians trafficking child sex slaves and imaginary terrorist attacks with impunity is bad for democracy and society. Something had to be done. Enter Facebook’s new, depressingly incompetent strategy for tackling fake news. The strategy has three, frustratingly ill-considered parts. New products The first part of the plan is to build new products to curb the spread of fake news stories. Facebook says it’s trying “to make it easier to report a false news story” and find signs of fake news such as “if reading an article makes people significantly less likely to share it.” It will then send the story to independent fact checkers. If fake, the story “will get flagged as disputed and there will be a link to a corresponding article explaining why.” This sounds pretty good, but it won’t work. If non-experts could tell the difference between real news and fake news (which is doubtful), there would be no fake news problem to begin with. What’s more, Facebook says: “We cannot become arbiters of truth ourselves — it’s not feasible given our scale, and it’s not our role.” Nonsense. Facebook is like a megaphone. Normally, if someone says something horrible into the megaphone, it’s not the megaphone company’s fault. But Facebook is a very special kind of megaphone that listens first and then changes the volume. The company’s algorithms largely determine both the content and order of your newsfeed. So if Facebook’s algorithms spread some neo-Nazi hate speech far and wide, yes, it is the company’s fault. Worse yet, even if Facebook accurately labels fake news as contested, it will still affect public discourse through “availability cascades.” Each time you see the same message repeated from (apparently) different sources, the message seems more believable and reasonable. Bold lies are extremely powerful because repeatedly fact-checking them can actually make people remember them as true. These effects are exceptionally robust; they cannot be fixed with weak interventions such as public service announcements, which brings us to the second part of Facebook’s strategy: helping people make more informed decisions when they encounter false news. Helping you help yourself Facebook is releasing public service announcements and funding the “news integrity initiative” to help “people make informed judgments about the news they read and share online”. This – also – doesn’t work. A vast body of research in cognitive psychology concerns correcting systematic errors in reasoning such as failing to perceive propaganda and bias. We have known since the 1980s that simply warning people about their biased perceptions doesn’t work. Similarly, funding a “news integrity” project sounds great until you realise the company is really talking about critical thinking skills. Improving critical thinking skills is a key aim of primary, secondary and tertiary education. If four years of university barely improves these skills in students, what will this initiative do? Make some Youtube videos? A fake news FAQ? Funding a few research projects and “meetings with industry experts” doesn’t stand a chance to change anything. Disrupting economic incentives The third prong of this non-strategy is cracking down on spammers and fake accounts, and making it harder for them to buy advertisements. While this is a good idea, it’s based on the false premise that most fake news comes from shady con artists rather than major news outlets. You see, “fake news” is Orwellian newspeak — carefully crafted to mean a totally fabricated story from a fringe outlet masquerading as news for financial or political gain. But these stories are the most suspicious and therefore the least worrisome. Bias and lies from public figures, official reports and mainstream news are far more insidious. And what about astrology, homeopathy, psychics, anti-vaccination messages, climate change denial, intelligent design, miracles, and all the rest of the irrational nonsense bandied about online? What about the vast array of deceptive marketing and stealth advertising that is core to Facebook’s business model? As of this writing, Facebook doesn’t even have an option to report misleading advertisements. What is Facebook to do? Facebook’s strategy is vacuous, evanescent, lip service; a public relations exercise that makes no substantive attempt to address a serious problem. But the problem is not unassailable. The key to reducing inaccurate perceptions is to redesign technologies to encourage more accurate perception. Facebook can do this by developing a propaganda filter — something like a spam filter for lies. Facebook may object to becoming an “arbiter of truth”. But coming from a company that censors historic photos and comedians calling for social justice, this sounds disingenuous. Nonetheless, Facebook has a point. To avoid accusations of bias, it should not create the propaganda filter itself. It should simply fund researchers in artificial intelligence, software engineering, journalism and design to develop an open-source propaganda filter that anyone can use. Why should Facebook pay? Because it profits from spreading propaganda, that’s why. Sure, people will try to game the filter, but it will still work. Spam is frequently riddled with typos, grammatical errors and circumlocution not only because it’s often written by non-native English speakers but also because the weird writing is necessary to bypass spam filters. If the propaganda filter has a similar effect, weird writing will make the fake news that slips through more obvious. Better yet, an effective propaganda filter would actively encourage journalistic best practices such as citing primary sources. Developing a such a tool won’t be easy. It could take years and several million dollars to refine. But Facebook made over US $8 billion last quarter, so Mark Zuckerberg can surely afford it. Paul Ralph, Senior Lecturer in Computer Science, University of Auckland This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

26 апреля, 00:15

Greg Gianforte vs. Rob Quist: Nonpartisan Candidate Guide For 2017 Montana Congressional Race

Are you looking for a nonpartisan voter guide for the Greg Gianforte vs. Rob Quist Congressional race? One that will give you an accurate, no-spin comparison of the candidates’ positions on key issues? Our Campus Election Engagement Project is a national nonpartisan initiative working to increase student electoral participation. Here are the issue-by-issue stands for Greg Gianforte and Rob Quist. Visit our Nonpartisan Candidate Guides home page to find links to printable PDF formats and other nonpartisan guides to candidates and issues. To volunteer, visit gregformontana.com or robquist.org _______________ Abortion: Should abortion be highly restricted? Gianforte: Yes. Has been a strong financial supporter of anti-abortion organizations. Quist: No. Believes women should make their own healthcare decisions. Budget: Support President Trump's budget that would transfer money from domestic programs to the military budget? Gianforte: Position unclear but criticizes Quist for wanting to cut defense spending. Quist: No. "Our federal budget is 64 percent military. That’s money that could be going towards health care or Social Security...This does nothing but make us enemies in the eyes of so many and brings a backlash against the American people.” Campaign Finance: Increase restrictions on campaign donations, including requiring disclosure of political contributions and overturning Citizens United Supreme Court decision that allows unlimited independent political expenditures by corporations and unions? Gianforte: Previously stated support for election transparency, but donated significantly to groups opposing MT Disclose Act. No support for overturning Citizens United. [As a private citizen funded efforts to oppose the Act. His gubernatorial campaign lawyer was part of legal team challenging the Act.] Quist: Yes. Supports constitutional amendment to overturn Citizen's United. Climate Change: Believe that human activity is the major factor driving climate change? Gianforte: Questions human role. “The climate is always changing.” Quist: Yes. "Climate change is real and affects Montana farmers and ranchers and our outdoor industry." Climate Change: Should government limit the levels of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere? Do you support Clean Power Plan, which mandates reductions in carbon emissions at power plants? Gianforte: No. Believes regulations will hurt MT jobs. Specifically opposed Obama EPA rulings as federal overreach & applauded Trump’s ending the Clean Power Plan. Quist: Supported Clean Power Plan. Supports "clean coal" technologies, but also having wind turbines use power lines…. of existing coal plants like Colstrip. Education: Support increasing funding for K-12 education? Gianforte: Unclear. Focus has been on making public funding available for religious & private schools & for training students in computer science and in trades. [See Bozeman Daily Chronicle comparisons from last year's gubernatorial campaign.] Quist: Supports Senator Jon Tester's proposal for financial incentives for teachers to work in rural or reservation schools. Education: Provide vouchers to parents to send their children to private schools with public money? Gianforte: Yes. Strong supporter of helping children attend religious or private schools with vouchers or tax credits, though with some limits in rural areas. [See Billings Gazette article] Quist: No. Opposes attempts to take funding away from public schools. Gay Marriage: Support gay marriage & related LGBT issues? Gianforte: Supports nondiscrimination for employees but not for customers. Lobbied against Bozeman LGBT nondiscrimination ordinance in 2014. Financial supporter of anti-gay marriage groups. [Endorses nondiscrimination for employees including those in his own business. But says businesses should be able to decide who they serve, including decisions based on religious beliefs. Contributes heavily to organizations that oppose same-sex marriage.] Quist: Yes. Believes everyone has a right to marry whoever they choose. Gun Control: Support more restrictive gun control legislation? Gianforte: No. Considers gun rights to be absolute & opposes any infringement on them. Quist: Supports 2nd Amendment rights, but “fully automatic assault rifles” “might need to be registered.” Healthcare: Repeal the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare? Support initial Republican replacement proposal, called the American Health Care Act? Gianforte: Repeal and replace Obamacare. Sell insurance across state lines & reform malpractice to eliminate “frivolous” lawsuits. American Health Care Act “not there yet.” Quist: Fix Obamacare rather than repeal it. Supports single payer insurance and increased transparency in healthcare costs. "Everybody should have a system like Medicare, where you walk in, show your card and you’re covered, no questions asked." Healthcare: Should Planned Parenthood receive public funds for non-abortion health services? Gianforte: Unclear. Quist: Yes. Immigration: Support efforts to ban immigration from Muslim-majority countries and limit refugees? Gianforte: Yes. Quist: No. “Can’t discriminate against an entire ethnic population on the basis of a small group.” Iran: Support the US-Iran treaty that limits Iran’s nuclear capability in return for lifting economic sanctions? Gianforte: No. “Iran is the largest state sponsor of terrorism in the world.” Quist: Unknown. Minimum Wage: Raise the federal minimum wage? Gianforte: No. Quist: Unknown. Renewable Energy: Support government mandates and/or subsidies for renewable energy? Gianforte: Strong support for MT fossil fuel industries. Mentions renewable energy, but advocacy is focused on supporting fossil fuel jobs. Quist: Yes. Supports transition to renewables, but also invest in “clean coal,” subsidize solar & wind development, explore biomass & geothermal sources. Social Security: Support full or partial Social Security privatization? Gianforte: Has financially supported groups advocating for privatization. Also has said "the concept of retirement is not biblical.” Quist: No. Student Debt: How to address student debt? Gianforte: Unclear. Advocates private donations to higher education. Quist: Supports legislation to streamline student loan process & cap interest rates at maximum of 3%. Taxes: Increase taxes on corporations and/or high-income individuals to pay for public services? Gianforte: No. Pledged to oppose “any or all” tax increases to raise revenue. Favors cutting business & personal taxes to reduce size of government. Quist: Prioritize tax reform by closing loopholes for corporations & support small businesses, workers, & families. Other congressional candidates include Mark Wicks (L). Due to limited space, we can’t include his position, but invite you to check out his website. Created by the Campus Election Engagement Project, a non-partisan effort to help colleges and universities engage their schools in elections. Answers drawn from public candidate statements. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

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25 апреля, 19:21

Quantifying the driving factors for language shift in a bilingual region [Computer Sciences]

Many of the world’s around 6,000 languages are in danger of disappearing as people give up use of a minority language in favor of the majority language in a process called language shift. Language shift can be monitored on a large scale through the use of mathematical models by way...

25 апреля, 16:00

Жизнь в США изнутри подробно

Американец – это не национальность и даже не принадлежность к определенной географической местности. Это – состояние души, синоним бездуховного, эгоцентричного, туповатого создания, которое вертится в своем маленьком мирке и не желает замечать ничего и никого вокруг. Конечно, из этого правила, как и из всех других, есть исключения... Мне было 19 лет, когда я, приехав в […]

24 апреля, 16:48

5 Cheap Value Stocks Flaunting Low PEG Ratio

A low PEG ratio is always better for value investors.

24 апреля, 16:30

Zacks.com featured highlights: Commercial Vehicle Group, United States Steel, DXC Technology, Chemours and Micron Technology

Zacks.com featured highlights: Commercial Vehicle Group, United States Steel, DXC Technology, Chemours and Micron Technology

22 апреля, 18:13

Aspiring Scientists, Fearful For The Future, March Against Donald Trump

function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible); WASHINGTON — President Donald Trump has long perpetuated the debunked theory that vaccines cause autism. In January, while still president-elect, he went as far as to request that Robert F. Kennedy Jr., a fellow vaccine skeptic, lead a commission to investigate vaccine safety. This disregard for science is among the reasons Sabrina Solouki, a second-year Ph.D. student in immunology and infectious disease at Cornell University, made a pilgrimage to Washington, D.C., on Saturday for the March for Science, a mass protest to rally scientists against what they see as Trump’s backward policies.  “The administration, by forming this safety commission, isn’t really doing a good job of listening to science — of science-informed policy,” she told The Huffington Post.  Solouki also wants to unite the scientific community, to push for it to do a better job of engaging with the public at large, and to send a clear message that scientists are against Trump’s proposed cuts to science.  “Scientists, in general, need to come out and support the march so that people understand that we’re here and we really want to better society,” she said.  As president of Cornell’s Advancing Science And Policy group, Solouki helped organize for more than 100 Cornell graduate science students to travel to Washington, D.C., for the event, which falls on Earth Day, the 47th anniversary of the birth of the modern environmental movement. Cornell’s group arrived Friday on three buses. “If people don’t trust or accept science and scientists, we won’t be able to translate our work in labs, fields, etc. to the people who can benefit from what we find,” said Morgan Carter, a Ph.D. candidate in plant pathology at Cornell. Under the current climate, aspiring scientists may be discouraged by competition for a shrinking pool of federal research funding, she said.  Since taking office, Trump has shaken the field of science, both with his proposal for sweeping cuts at the Environmental Protection Agency and other vehicles for research funding. His “skinny” budget, released in mid-March, proposed axing at least 31 percent of the EPA’s funding, eliminating the federal monies for the National Academy of Science and gutting underwriting for research at a bevy of executive agencies. Vox called it “everything scientists have been fearing.” Science, the magazine published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, said the budget “squeeze civilian science agencies.” The Washington Post noted that scientists were “conspicuously missing from Trump’s government.” People do science because we’re interested in solving problems that no one else wants to solve. As a consequence, society moves forward. Adrian Rivera-Reyes, cancer biology PhD student at UPenn Trump’s hard-line immigration policies rattled science academia even more. The White House’s executive order temporarily blocking travelers from a handful of Muslim majority countries ― a move high-level Trump surrogates admitted would be a first step to establishing the so-called Muslim ban he touted during his campaign ― shook a field filled with graduates of schools across the Middle East. “People are scrambling right now in the scientific community to figure out all the ways it plays out and what it means for grad students, innovation and the private sector,” Wendy Naus, executive director of the Consortium of Social Science Associations, told HuffPost in January. “If it is a glitch or a blip, and the outrage is heard and things go back, the damage isn’t done. But if it is the new normal, then, yeah, we are risking our competitive advantage. These are fundamentally things we’ve never confronted before.” Even in his own administration, Trump has failed to hire to fill science positions. The president has yet to hire top advisers on technology of science, according to The New York Times, and has so far only named Michael Kratsios, the former chief of staff to Silicon Valley investor and campaign backer Peter Thiel, as deputy technology officer. “We are all sitting on the edge of our seats hoping nothing catastrophic happens in the world,” Phil Larson, a former senior science and technology adviser to the Obama administration, told the Times. “But if it does, who is going to be advising him?” Even among those students who don’t fear losing employment opportunities under the Trump administration, that attitude and outlook on science has bred dismay. Nikhil Krishnaswamy, a fourth-year Ph.D. candidate in computer science at Brandeis University, isn’t concerned for his employment after he finishes school in June. But he said he planned to march in Boston, Massachusetts, on Saturday to show solidarity with other scientists. “I’m in a field that’s probably less likely to be affected by the political considerations taken by the Trump administration,” the 30-year-old told HuffPost by phone on Friday. “But I do feel like there is a possibility for all of us to stand together and stand up for a worldview that’s based in truth and facts.” His work focuses on helping computers interpret language semantics by decoding large data sets ― essentially improving the way humans talk to computers. Krishnaswamy said he hopes marching will remind him of the potential political ramifications of his work. “What I do with technology is going to shape how we interact with each other, how we interact with our leaders and how we interact with technology in the future,” he said. “I have to make sure the technology I build will not have an ill effect on the freedoms we enjoy as Americans, and aren’t going to infringe on our rights or allow the government to do so either.” Adrian Rivera-Reyes, 24, bristles when conservative pundits attack scientists as hungry for glory, fame or grant money. “No one ever comes to mind who says specifically, ‘I want to do this because I want to be famous,’ or ‘I want to be well-known or famous or considered an intellectual,’” the third-year Ph.D. student in cancer biology at the University of Pennsylvania told HuffPost by phone on Friday. “People do science because we’re interested in solving problems that no one else wants to solve. As a consequence, society moves forward.” The Puerto Rico native plans to march with a group of Latino scientists and students on Saturday. Trump’s proposed budget cuts risk eliminating funding for future work when he graduates, he said. “It’s very worrying that I will graduate and President Trump will still be president,” he said. “I’m thinking, well, what am I going to do? Will there be jobs for me? It feels very real, more real than it used to be.” The Trump administration’s hostility toward Muslim immigrants and travelers, including the ban on visitors from a handful of majority Muslim countries, jeopardize the future of his scientific research, Rivera-Reyes said. “In science, that hurts,” he said. “We are definitely a very large and diverse group of people, and just singling out people for their religious beliefs like that is wrong.” Carter echoed that sentiment. “[S]cience doesn’t stop at country borders, because scientists collaborate with other scientists in government, industry, and academia all over the world,” she told HuffPost. “And science issues aren’t limited to individual countries. A disease that is in one country doesn’t wait for a visa to go into another country and we have to work together to tackle common problems.” It’s for this reason, she added, that the scientific community has been so outraged by Trump’s travel bans and anti-immigration rhetoric. “Science is a very international community and movement limitations can prevent collaborations or communication, like conferences,” Carter said. Sean Terry, a Ph.D. student in astrophysics at Catholic University and a research assistant at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, said that Trump’s signing of a bill last month to authorize $19.5 billion in funding for the agency in the 2018 budget year has given him and others in the field of space science a certain level of comfort. It’s his environmental colleagues, in particular at the EPA, that Terry said he’s “more scared” about. Although Terry expected the March for Science would draw a smaller crowd than the Women’s March back in January, he considers the message equally as important. And his hope is that at least some people denying or trying to weaken the importance of science will change their tone. “I’m marching just to show my commitment to science and science literacy, and improving science literacy in younger individuals,” he said. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

21 апреля, 20:19

A Look Back at Internet Firsts

YouTube, Facebook, and email are ubiquitous now, but they all started out with a single post, profile, or message. Take a trip down the memory superhighway. The post A Look Back at Internet Firsts appeared first on Visual Capitalist.

21 апреля, 18:31

NCR Corp (NCR) Q1 Earnings & Revenues Beat, Increase Y/Y

NCR Corporation (NCR) reported better-than-expected results for the first quarter of 2017.

21 апреля, 16:02

Upgraded Broker Ratings Make These 5 Stocks Attractive

Merely depending on broker upgrades is not wise though. One must take into consideration several other factors to ensure strong returns.

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20 апреля, 19:42

Studying Complex Systems In Theoretical Computer Science May Lead To Answers About Life's Origins

How can theoretical computer science inform the study of origin of life? This question was originally answered on Quora by Scott Aaronson.

20 апреля, 18:01

What Makes Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) a Strong Sell? (Revised)

It may take long for Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) to significantly benefit from the spin-off of its struggling IT services segment.

19 апреля, 17:28

Zacks.com featured highlights: DXC Technology, Ruger, Yum China Holdings, NN and Grupo Financiero Galicia

Zacks.com featured highlights: DXC Technology, Ruger, Yum China Holdings, NN and Grupo Financiero Galicia

19 апреля, 14:08

Why You Should Scrap Zillow Group (Z) from Your Portfolio

If you still have shares of Zillow Group, Inc. (Z) in your portfolio, it is time you dump them.

19 апреля, 01:59

New Breakout Stocks Today Zacks Rank #1 (Strong Buy)

An inside day for the S&P 500 while rates continue to slide. Interesting moves in the markets that are catching some investors on their heels.

18 апреля, 21:26

Daily chart: The case for Donald Trump’s first move to restrict legal immigration

Main image:  ON APRIL 18th Donald Trump is expected to sign an executive order that will tighten the screws on legal immigration. During his presidential campaign, he vowed to end the H-1B visa programme, which grants 85,000 skilled foreigners a year the right to live and work in the United States, and opens up a path to citizenship. He says such migrants undercut wages for the native-born. Although the new policy will not scrap H-1Bs entirely, it will allocate them on merit rather than by the current lottery system. If implemented, this reform is likely to shift the pool of H-1B holders towards better-skilled—and higher-earning—foreign workers. The impact of such a change would be highly concentrated. H-1Bs are formally targeted at easing labour shortages and attracting talent in “specialty occupations”, such as medicine and computer science. However, the biggest users of them by far are Indian business-process outsourcing companies, which predominantly provide technology support to corporate back offices.The range of salaries earned by H-1B holders is extremely wide. At the high end, it reaches well into the six figures; at the other extreme, it falls below the programme’s nominal minimum wage of $60,000 a year, thanks to exceptions granted to academics and the like. However, according to an ...

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18 апреля, 20:30

Hadi Partovi Started Code.org To Introduce All Students, Especially Girls, To Computer Science

Code.org’s Hardi Partovi wants every student to have access to computer-science classes. “That would make an enormous difference in our country’s ability to compete," he says.

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18 апреля, 19:47

Quantitative criticism of literary relationships [Computer Sciences]

Authors often convey meaning by referring to or imitating prior works of literature, a process that creates complex networks of literary relationships (“intertextuality”) and contributes to cultural evolution. In this paper, we use techniques from stylometry and machine learning to address subjective literary critical questions about Latin literature, a corpus...

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18 апреля, 18:53

CenturyLinkVoice: Learn.Create.Build Academy Leverages Technology To Stay Small, Nimble -- And Very Personal

“We want to teach kids about computer science in a very caring and personal environment,” says Adam Learing, co-founder of Learn.Create.Build Academy.

18 апреля, 16:30

Zacks.com featured highlights: U.S. Silica Holdings, DXC Technology, DST Systems, Veeco Instruments and RPC

Zacks.com featured highlights: U.S. Silica Holdings, DXC Technology, DST Systems, Veeco Instruments and RPC

25 апреля 2014, 07:36

Тенденции в ИТ секторе США

С этой Украиной народ совсем все запустил. Учитывая степень накала можно предположить, что ньюсмейкеры искусственно нагоняют истерию, чтобы отвлечь внимание от более глобальных тенденций, как например развал Еврозоны, провал «японского чуда» и политики Абе, затяжная рецессия в США, очередной провал корпоративных отчетов. Кстати, в последнее время говорят о чем угодно, но только не о последних результатах крупнейших мировых гигантов. Что там с ними?  Из 30 наиболее крупных ИТ компаний в США 11 компаний сокращают годовую выручку по сравнению к 2013 году. Это HPQ, IBM, Intel, Western Digital, Computer Sciences, Seagate Technology, Texas Instruments и другие. Наибольшее годовое сокращение выручки у Seagate Technology – почти 15%. С оценкой 5 летних тенденций, то в наихудшем положении Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Computer Sciences и Texas Instruments, у которых выручка находится на 5 летних минимумах. В таблице данные, как сумма за 4 квартала. Но есть и те, кто вырываются вперед – Microsoft, Google, Ingram Micro, Qualcomm. Apple замедляет в росте и переходит в фазу стагнации с последующим сокрушительным обвалом на фоне роста конкуренции. Intel в стагнации, как 3 года. Данные за 1 квартал предварительные, т.к. еще далеко не все отчитались. Но общие тенденции нащупать можно. Примерно 35-40% крупных компаний сокращают бизнес активность, 25-35% компаний в стагнации и еще столько же растут. Отмечу, что рост отмечает в отрасли, связанной так или иначе с мобильными девайсами – либо производство софта, либо реклама на них, или поставки аппаратной части, как Qualcomm. По прибыли.  Здесь еще хуже. Мало компаний, показывающих приращение эффективности. Около 60% компаний сокращают прибыль, либо стагнируют. Относительно стабильный тренд увеличения прибыли у Google, Oracle, Qualcomm. Хотя темпы прироста наименьшие за 3 года.