Computer Sciences
31 января, 05:31

With The Stroke Of A Pen, Trump May Have Sparked An American Brain Drain

Mohammed Salih is precisely the type of academic the United States would want to keep within its borders: a 33-year-old doctoral student at the University of Pennsylvania’s Annenberg School for Communication studying how extremist movements in the Middle East use and manipulate the media. It’s a research area with obvious implications for counterterrorism operations. And it’s one that Salih wants to continue pursuing in the United States after he gets his degree. But Salih, who is here on a student visa, has a problem. He’s from the Kurdistan region of Iraq, which means that under President Donald Trump’s executive order ― designed to impede the worst outcomes of extremism ― he would be prohibited for the next 90 days from coming back into the country should he leave. And he needs to leave. His research brings him back to Iraq as well as to various international conferences. He attended one in Beirut just four days before Trump’s inauguration. His family is in Iraq, too, and should there be an emergency, he’d be forced to choose between uprooting his life or missing out on family events.  He is now contemplating the once unthinkable. After waiting seven months for his first visa and four months for his second, he’s now waiting 90 days to see if the suspension of refugees and travelers from Iraq and six other countries is lifted. If it is not, he’ll explore greener career pastures outside of the United States. “Before coming to Annenberg, I had admission from Concordia University in Montreal, which is also a good school. And when I was weighing my option, I was thinking quite a bit about it given the rhetoric in the primaries,” Salih said. “At the end, because of Annenberg’s standing and reputation, I decided I would want to come here. And you can imagine, right now, i’m sort of wondering quite a bit if I made the right decision. I’m actually wondering whether I should have not picked the school in Canada and gone there.” After just 10 days in office, Trump has shaken the world of science and academia. It’s not just the general skepticism that he and his Cabinet seem to bring to some fields (predominantly climate science) or the promises he’s made to tighten the nation’s discretionary spending, which could come at the price of federally funded scientific research. The Trump White House’s decision to clamp down on communication from various federal agencies, including the Environmental Protection Agency, has left researchers frightened over political influence seeping into their work. And his executive order has left students and scientists in limbo, removed from their classrooms and work. Advocates are warning that the inhospitable environment will lead, quite quickly, to a brain drain. A young generation of thinkers, academics and researchers might simply look to other countries to conduct their work. “We understand that a strong visa policy is important for our national security. But if we abandoned our goal here of attracting the best and brightest, the long-term implications are serious for our leadership in the world,” said Association of American Universities President Mary Sue Coleman. “I would have a tough time, if I felt that we couldn’t be welcoming as a country, telling a student that he or she should come here.”  Already, the beginning of brain drain is taking shape. Coleman said the Institute for International Education estimates 16,000 to 17,000 students hold valid visas from the seven countries were listed in Trump’s executive order. Many prominent schools spoke out in concern Monday, while entire research labs were thrown into uncertainty. A friend who works at a top research university's computer science department says they've lost 11 prospective Ph.D candidates to the ban.— Terry Moran (@TerryMoran) January 28, 2017 Beyond that, there are faculty and university staff from those seven countries who are unable to leave the U.S. now or, in some cases, return to their classrooms. Two associate professors at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth were detained at Boston’s Logan International Airport over the weekend. A Yale professor was separated from his wife and newborn, who were visiting family, while a professor at Middlebury College remained decamped in Iran with his two children waiting for further guidance on whether he’d be allowed back into the United States with his green card. The Association of American Medical Colleges warned that its ability to attract top talent from around the world was being threatened. Scientific consortiums and organizations are planning to move conferences overseas for fear that they couldn’t have full attendance under the constructs of Trump’s order. The International Astronomical Union urged U.S. officials to reconsider their screening measures, noting that they had hosted a conference in Hawaii in 2015 with about 3,000 astronomers, including some from the seven targeted countries. Wendy Naus, executive director of the Consortium of Social Science Associations, said that, on a phone call to discuss the executive order Monday morning, two members of a group of scientific societies pushed to move their conferences to Canada. “People are scrambling right now in the scientific community to figure out all the ways it plays out and what it means for grad students, innovation and the private sector,” Naus said. “If it is a glitch or a blip, and the outrage is heard and things go back, the damage isn’t done. But if it is the new normal, then, yeah, we are risking our competitive advantage. These are fundamentally things we’ve never confronted before.” As the United States begins closing its doors on foreign-based scientists, other countries are sensing an opportunity. Kaz Nejatian, co-founder and CEO of Kash, a next-generation payment company, promised to connect those turned down for H-1B visas (which Trump is rumored to be targeting for restrictions) with Canadian tech companies who are hiring. Meanwhile, U.S.-based tech companies ― at least those who spoke out ― were uniform in their disapproval of the executive order, noting that they’d be left without the ability to recruit from some of the best workforce pools. Lawmakers are acutely aware of this issue, not least because many hail from districts with universities and others receive campaign donations from groups and industries affected by the executive order. But the prevailing sentiment within the White House has been against opening up U.S. borders. “That’s a real problem,” said Liz Mair, a pro-immigration Republican strategist, “both in terms of risking longer-term brain-drain but also in terms of actual direct, day-to-day health care where America is very reliant on foreign nationals— something that might change in 10 years but can’t change in the course of 72 hours and might matter to a lot of people in the next 90 days.” The concerns for science and research advocates go beyond immigration policy. Apparent gag orders at the EPA along with the fear of belt-tightening from Congress will sour the scientific climate and drain the pool of funds for prospective researchers. In that environment, the more established scientists with better known projects tend to thrive, while the younger ones flounder, become discouraged and look elsewhere. Naomi Charalambakis, 26, a U.S. citizen, is a third-year doctoral student at the University of Louisville, studying anatomy and neurobiology. But upon graduation, she plans to leave the field. Part of it is a lifestyle decision, an eagerness to have a family and a 9-to-5 job. But the funding climate is also daunting: Her mentor, she said, has stopped ordering lab supplies over concerns that appropriations will dwindle. And her career choice is a reflection of that. After earning her doctorate, Charalambakis plans to come to Washington, D.C., to advocate for expanded budgets at the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation and elsewhere. “My colleagues are frustrated and don’t know what to do. A lot of them say they don’t know if they can continue in the lab and are wondering if they will have to start all over and have another career entirely. I feel we just can’t be quiet.” -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

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30 января, 15:58

Computer Sciences (CSC) Q3 Earnings: Will it Disappoint?

Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC) is set to report fiscal third-quarter fiscal 2017 results on Feb 2.

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29 января, 16:07

Жизнь и пинбол. Что общего?

Раньше у меня была куча времени, чтобы читать научно-популярные книги: по разработке, саморазвитию, управлению финансами, маркетингу, computer science. Сейчас же ситуация поменялась и накопленные знания уже применяются на практике, а когда появляется свободная минутка, приоритет сместился в сторону «просто потупить». Странно начинать пост в разделе Научно-популярное с такой реплики, не правда ли? Но причина проста: загруженная рабочая неделя и разного рода бытовые вопросы, оставляют свободное время в основном для отдыха мозга. Однако же и на “потупить-сайтах” нашлось место для философских постов. Один человек спросил: «А зачем вы живете? Опишите одной фразой». Под постом образовалась сотня комментариев с дружелюбными и не очень дискуссиями. Вы должно быть слышали, что такое ментальный триггер. Так вот подобного рода вопросы и есть триггерами к тому, чтобы описать весь свой опыт и прийти к какой-нибудь ясности. К слову сказать, еще никто за всю историю человечества не нашел единого ответа на вопрос — «в чем смысл жизни?». Если ответить универсально, что якобы смысл для каждого свой — значит ничего не ответить. Но тем не менее, пытаясь прояснить этот вопрос для себя, можно выстроить определенную систему которая позволит понять и формализовать этот смысл. А затем и провести аналогию с чем-то материальным и осязаемым, в отличии от того, что за пределами привычного восприятия. Для моделирования реальности хорошо подходят игры. Или другими словами геймификация. Разного рода симуляторы, игры Cashflow, Монополия и прочие — отличная модель реальной жизни. Собственно ниже описана модель реальной жизни на основе игры Пинбол (YALM) Читать дальше →

29 января, 00:18

Trump's Anti-Muslim Order Could Have 'Chilling' Effect On Science

function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible); Thousands of professors and other academics have put their names to an online petition that condemns President Donald Trump’s executive order severely limiting immigration and travel from several countries. The petition, which had more than 3,000 signatures as of Saturday afternoon, denounces the order as discriminatory and likely to tear families apart. It also warns that the new policy could be disastrous for science and research in the United States. Trump’s order, signed Friday, halts the U.S. refugee resettlement program for four months and bars people from seven Muslim-majority countries for at least 90 days. The status of affected green card holders, who are legal permanent U.S. residents, will be addressed on a case-by-case basis, officials said. “US research institutes host a significant number of researchers from the nations subjected to the upcoming restrictions,” the petition states. “From Iran alone, more than 3000 students have received PhDs from American universities in the past 3 years.” Trump’s action will necessarily limit collaborations between researchers from different nations and could “potentially lead to the departure of many talented individuals who are current and future researchers and entrepreneurs in the US,” the petition says. For those reasons, the petition organizers call the executive order “detrimental to the national interests of the United States.” Signatories to the petition include 15 Nobel laureates in fields like physics, economics and medicine. Emery Berger, a professor in the College of Information and Computer Sciences at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, is not one of the organizers but has signed the petition. He called the executive order “very chilling” in a Washington Post interview. “I’m sure it will send really promising star students across the border to Canada or elsewhere,” Berger said, referring to those choosing where to study. He also noted that students from the affected countries who are currently in the U.S. are frightened of not being allowed back if they travel out of the U.S. The executive order has had near-immediate impact on academia and research.There have been multiple reports of students detained or blocked from returning to the U.S. after traveling abroad, including an anthropology Ph.D. candidate who told The Guardian that he dare not go to his home country of Iran because he has vocally criticized human rights violations there. Sarah Knuckey, a Columbia Law professor, said the visa ban would impede collaborative research on how to improve people’s health during periods of armed conflict. One of many harmful effects on education: ban stops @sanaacenter coming to NY to work with us on project to improve health in armed conflict— Sarah Knuckey (@SarahKnuckey) January 28, 2017 ABC’s chief foreign correspondent Terry Moran tweeted Saturday that Princeton had already lost 11 prospective Ph.D. candidates in computer science. A friend who works at a top research university's computer science department says they've lost 11 prospective Ph.D candidates to the ban.— Terry Moran (@TerryMoran) January 28, 2017 Princeton’s dean issued a warning on Saturday morning that “strongly advised” students and scholars who may be affected to avoid traveling outside the U.S. for the time being. Immigration attorneys and advocacy groups throughout the country have been giving similar counsel. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

26 января, 21:36

Trump's phone: A cybersecurity threat?

Reports that President Donald Trump has resumed using his Android-powered smartphone are prompting security experts to warn that his Twitter addiction could open up vulnerabilities inside the Oval Office. The New York Times reported Wednesday that Trump is still using "his old, unsecured Android phone, to the protests of some of his aides," even after a story last week said he had been supplied with “a secure, encrypted device approved by the Secret Service.” That alarms experts who note that Android, an operating system developed by Google, is notoriously insecure, especially on older phones that no longer receive software updates from their manufacturers or wireless carriers. The website Android Central cited photographic evidence to claim that Trump's go-to phone is a Samsung Galaxy S3, a model released in 2012 that has not received software updates since mid-2015. Researchers later uncovered one of the most dangerous Android vulnerabilities, the so-called Stagefright bug, which lets hackers take control of a phone using only a text message. “It's just crazy that the president is interacting with such an out-of-date and likely insecure device,” Matthew Green, a computer science professor at Johns Hopkins University, told POLITICO. “His off-the-shelf Android could potentially become a room bug without his knowledge,” said Bruce Schneier, one of the world’s foremost cybersecurity experts. “An attacker could certainly hijack his apps.” The White House and the Secret Service did not respond to requests for comment. A spokeswoman for the Defense Information Systems Agency, which helps secure the president’s communications, declined to comment on protective measures.The continued questions about Trump's phone use come after a presidential campaign in which he and his allies repeatedly accused Hillary Clinton of endangering national security by using a private email server when she was secretary of State. They also alleged, without evidence, that foreign governments had breached the server. For Trump and his phone, “the real issue is what he does with it,” Schneier said in an email. “If he's using it to send and receive classified information, we have a real problem.” That might be unlikely for Trump, who once proclaimed that “no computer is safe” and has suggested that sensitive documents should be sent by courier. News reports say he doesn’t use email and that he communicates with aides by scribbling comments on printed documents — rather than tapping out feedback on a smartphone keyboard the way former President Barack Obama often did. But even if Trump isn’t using the phone to send and receive sensitive messages, it still could open up security risks if hackers infect it. For example, they could use the phone to covertly track his location, tweet out fake news about terrorist attacks, or even eavesdrop through the camera and microphone. Depending on how securely the computer networks in the White House have been hardened, any malware already implanted on the phone could possibly roam to other officials' devices.Even a phone running the latest, most secure version of Android available would still be at risk of being penetrated by foreign intelligence agencies, especially those of Russia and China. While these spies would similarly target an iPhone, security experts say the Apple device is more capable of repelling hackers. “All of these attacks are possible, and even probable by the big national intelligence agencies,” Schneier said. In addition, the boom in smartphone technology has created a thriving market for the kinds of advanced phone-surveillance tools previously available only to powerful governments. Green said sophisticated criminal gangs could commander an Android device remotely “if there was enough financial incentive.”Trump’s tweets frequently indicate that he is using Twitter’s Android app, which is usually interpreted as a sign that the messages come from him directly — as opposed to the iPhone often used by his staff. The tweets don't indicate which Android model he is using.While Android offers users much more flexibility and choice than the operating system that powers Apple’s iPhones and iPads, that translates to less-rigorous security controls. Older and less expensive Android phones also lack the iron-clad encryption found on newer iPhones, which even the FBI has complained it’s unable to crack. The NSA has developed and released its own secure version of Android, but it's unclear whether the agency installed it on Trump's phone — or whether the phone is even capable of running it.“It's pretty obvious that using a 2012-era phone is not a safe thing to do,” Green said in an email.

25 января, 22:59

Boisterous partying in Russia on Student's Day

The end of the frosty winter student session in Russia coincides with the Feast of St. Tatyana on Jan. 25, who is the patron saint of universities, and Student's Day just happens to fall on this day. Parties are a fun way to end the semester, but if you’re a foreign student you must first familiarize yourself with local traditions. "I had never heard about Student's Day until my Russian friend told me about it," said Djiran Noimani from Thailand who is studying Computational Science at ITMO University's High Performance Computing Department. "We plan to celebrate it by writing our research plan! The rest of our student life in Russia will be packed with many things to do besides studying. I got many ‘F’s in Russia! Food, Friends and Fun." "You probably will never find another place as extreme, in many aspects, as Russia," continued Noimani. "When I was in Thailand I could not have managed my time like this. There, you must study hard, play harder and eat the hardest, but still have time to go to the Buddhist Temple. In Russia, I can do whatever I want - it’s like a dream! I love my student life in St. Petersburg." Making sense of Noah’s Ark: Life in a Moscow university dormitory "Before coming to Russia I constantly heard that everyone drinks here, which is why my parents begged me to be a teetotaler," said Monalisa Nothando from Zimbabwe, who studies medicine at the Novosibirsk State University. "I was also almost forced to believe that racism is rampant in Russia. But I find that Russians are the friendliest people I've ever met. I feel at home here." "Of all the university traditions I am captivated by the student custom to light a fire on the shore of the Ob Sea, [the water reservoir in Novosibirsk’s educational district, Akademgorodok], and then sing and dance together," continued Nothando. "One of my most vivid moments was during the student's initiation rite on Freshman Day. Senior students hold it for novices every year in the dormitory. The rite has the format of a quest. You do a certain task on each floor, and if you solve it then you go up to the next floor and so on until you reach the twelfth. Tests including eating an apple without using your hands when blindfolded." "If you don’t succeed, you do pushups," mentioned Shukhrat Akhmedjanov, a student from Tajikistan who studyes at ITMO's University Department of Food Biotechnology and Engineering. "I had heard about Students Day, but the exam session ends on this day and usually I go home without celebrating it." A holiday with two names The feast of the martyr St. Tatiana falls on Jan. 25 according to the Russian Orthodox calendar, and colloquially it’s known as Tatiana Day. On this day in 1755 the Empress Elizaveta Petrovna signed the decree, "On the establishment of Moscow University," and so Tatiana Day became the university’s official day. Since then St. Tatiana has been the patron of students in Russia. Originally, the feast day was celebrated only in Moscow, and the entire city came out to mark the festivities. Official ceremonies were held in the university building, and loud and joyous events took place throughout the city. Since 2005, Jan. 25 has been celebrated as The Day of Russian Students. Student's Day's traditional drink On Tatiana Day, the rector of Moscow State University (MSU) offers students mead, pouring it into glasses himself. Mead is a sweet alcoholic drink made mostly of honey. It not only warms you during the winter but also contains many ingredients that can cure your cold, bronchitis or sore throat. How I studied Russian MSU's traditions have been adopted by other Russian universities. The Ural Federal University (UFU), for example, also offers students the traditional Tatiana Day drink, although its mead is non-alcoholic. "The university makes the non-alcoholic mead because many students are still taking exams on this day," said Marina Sannikova, head of UFU’s public relations department. Students, however, say that the non-alcoholic mead is just as pleasing and has a strong warming effect. Students in Russia, however, are always keen to find any occasion to party when their busy schedule allows it. A holiday doesn’t even have to be their own and can be borrowed from other countries. "In 2017, the Chinese New Year and Student's Day are only three days apart, which is why students at the Novosibirsk State University will celebrate two holidays simultaneously," said NSU's press service. "They plan to make pelmini in the dormitory, as well as eat Chinese dishes." University of life: 6 famous Russian students and professors>>>

25 января, 21:56

Better Wisdom from Crowds

From MIT News: Better wisdom from crowds, by Peter Dizikes: The wisdom of crowds is not always perfect. But two scholars at MIT’s Sloan Neuroeconomics Lab, along with a colleague at Princeton University, have found a way to make it...

25 января, 15:00

Professor Smith Goes to Washington

In response to the new president’s stances on a range of issues, more scientists are preparing to run for political office.

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24 января, 20:24

Content analysis of 150 years of British periodicals [Computer Sciences]

Previous studies have shown that it is possible to detect macroscopic patterns of cultural change over periods of centuries by analyzing large textual time series, specifically digitized books. This method promises to empower scholars with a quantitative and data-driven tool to study culture and society, but its power has been...

24 января, 15:47

4 Zacks #1 Rank Vanguard Mutual Funds

Apart from being one of the leading investment management companies in the world, Vanguard is also popular among investors for its low-cost funds.

21 января, 20:59

IN “THE SCIENCE OF INTELLECTUAL TRIBALISM”, Jonah Goldberg writes: ‘David Gelernter, fiercely…

IN “THE SCIENCE OF INTELLECTUAL TRIBALISM”, Jonah Goldberg writes: ‘David Gelernter, fiercely anti-intellectual computer scientist, is being eyed for Trump’s science adviser.” — Washington Post, January 18 Um. Well, huh. For those unfamiliar with David Gelernter, he essentially created parallel computing, which sounds like witchcraft to me, but I’m told it’s a really big deal. […]

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20 января, 14:30

What Do You Do? 'I Run An Open Source Learning System Used By Millions'

If you get an adrenaline buzz from solving problems or making things, then computer science might be for you.

17 января, 17:27

Should You Hold Computer Sciences (CSC) Stock for Now?

Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC) seems to be one such stock, which investors need to hold on to if they are looking to reap long-term gains.

17 января, 17:24

Has the Split Worked for HP & Hewlett Packard Enterprise?

Although, after over an year of split, HP Inc. (HPQ) and Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) are still struggling to determine their true business focus, we opine that their turnaround strategies are in the right direction.

17 января, 16:14

Baidu (BIDU) Appoints Dr. Qi Lu as Group President & COO

Baidu, Inc. (BIDU) recently appointed Dr. Qi Lu to the position of its Group President and Chief Operating Officer.

17 января, 11:26

Baidu appoints new president

BAIDU has hired former Microsoft executive Lu Qi as president and chief operating officer, the latest effort by the Chinese search giant to step up corporate governance, according to an email statement

17 января, 04:58

The 12 Year Old Entrepreneur That Will Take Global Tech & The World By Storm

Brock is the co-founder of Beyond The Cookie, a non-profit cookie sales organization whose proceeds go to supporting computer science (CS) education in his community. And eventually the world.

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16 января, 13:44

Грант: Конкурс по созданию онлайн-уроков Stepik Contest

до 10 000 $До 11 февраля 2017Образовательная платформа Stepik объявляет о старте конкурса онлайн-уроков, по результатам которого будет создана уникальная адаптивная система обучения, основанная на персональных рекомендациях учащимся.Конкурс проводится в шести номинациях:- Theoretical Computer Science- Applied Computer Science- Data science- Python- Java- JavaScriptДля участия необходимо до 11 февраля 2017 года создать 20+ задач и несколько теоретических уроков на английском языке.Итоги конкурса будут подведены в апреле 2017 года, лучшие авторы, по мнению учащихся Stepik, получат денежные призы до $10 тысяч.Узнать больше и подписаться на новости можно на сайте конкурсе adaptive.stepik.org.

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14 января, 06:27

HIGHER EDUCATION BUBBLE UPDATE: Georgia Tech’s Model Expands: Three years after its low-cost MOOC-…

HIGHER EDUCATION BUBBLE UPDATE: Georgia Tech’s Model Expands: Three years after its low-cost MOOC-inspired master’s degree program in computer science launched, the institute announces a new program in analytics priced at less than $10,000. “The announcement is perhaps the clearest indication yet that Georgia Tech views OMSCS as a successful model for delivering graduate education. […]

09 января, 17:13

Federal Funding of Doctoral Recipients: Results from new Linked Survey and Transaction Data -- by Wan-Ying Chang, Wei Cheng, Julia Lane, Bruce Weinberg

Funding of research is critically important because it affects the flow of new, doctorally qualified scientists into the workforce. This paper provides new insights into how survey data can be combined with administrative records to examine the ways in which funding affects workforce decisions. We show that NSF supports more graduate students per dollar spent than other federal agencies. Not surprisingly, NIH heavily supports biology, health, and psychology PhDs, while NSF heavily supports PhDs in engineering, the physical sciences, mathematics, and computer science. Federal funding overall and by agency is related to who does research - a larger share of doctoral recipients supported by NIH are women (50%), African American (2.6%) and Hispanic (4.2%), compared to NSF, the Department of Defense (DOD) or the Department of Energy (DOE). Finally, federal funding is highly correlated with the pipeline of researchers going into different fields, particularly R&D fields, and the decision to pursue postdoctoral fellowships.