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07 декабря, 19:51

Which MLB Players Have Gone From Rookie of the Year to MVPs?

In the long, storied history of professional baseball, only four players have ever gone from Rookie of the Year to winning MVP the next season.

07 декабря, 18:21

5 Reasons Why Nobody Cares About J.J. Watt Anymore

This time last year J.J. Watt and the Houston Texans were looking like they were finally going to take the leap. This year, they've lapsed into obscurity.

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07 декабря, 16:06

BRIEF-Heliospectra gets SEK 107 mln in oversubscribed rights issue

* Earns about 107 million Swedish crowns ($11.75 million) in oversubscribed rights issue

07 декабря, 15:33

Hillary Can Be a Hero by Saving America from Trump

The Compromise of 2016 Hillary Clinton won the 2016 Presidential Election by a decisive margin--more than 2.5 million votes. Because of the Electoral College she will not become President. But she could still emerge as a winner--indeed, a hero--by utilizing the Electoral College to save America and the world from the inestimable calamity of a Trump presidency. Since a few days after Election Day, I have been pushing for the Electors to do what the Framers of the Constitution intended and save the Republic from the presidency falling into the hands of an incompetent demagogue who had been assisted by a hostile foreign power. In two recent articles, "Hamilton v. Trump: The Case that Could Save America" and "538 People Can Save 325 Million," I called upon the Electors to choose as president a sane Republican who believes in facts and would not have such people as Lt. Gen. Michael T. Flynn and Stephen K. Bannon whispering in his ear. That could transform the looming catastrophe into a rebirth of America through a compromise that would create a National Unity Government. The chances of such a plan succeeding, however, seemed slim. Even if 38 Republican Electors could be persuaded to vote for someone else, that would throw the decision into the House, where Republicans might elect Trump anyway. But a proposal made by Michael Cannon in a Tuesday Washington Post op-ed offers a much more realistic way in which the Electors could provide a reprieve to a nation currently sitting on Death Row: If Hillary Clinton releases all 232 delegates pledged to her and asks them to vote instead for a Republican who lives in the real, factual world, is not a misogynist and thin-skinned bully, does not associate with white nationalists, and has an attention span longer than 140 characters--perhaps John Kasich or Mitt Romney--provided that a minimum of 38 Republican Electors agree to vote for that same candidate, that person would become the President-elect on December 19 and the Republic would be saved from the likely disaster that a Trump presidency would bring. A National Unity Government But Democrats and Republicans need to go farther and negotiate, before the Electors meet, a Compromise of 2016 that will produce a National Unity Government, with all Democratic Electors and at least 38 Republican Electors also voting for a Democrat (Elizabeth Warren? Joe Biden?) for Vice President, an agreement by both not to run in 2020, a division of Cabinet posts between the parties, and agreement on certain key measures to restore trust in American government and politics. Such a grand compromise would not only save America and the world from the untold disasters that a Trump Presidency would be highly likely to precipitate, but also deliver to the American people what most of them so desire: a Washington that works and an easing of the bitter partisan division that has marked the federal government since the 1990s. Many Republicans are as terrified by a Trump Presidency as are most Democrats. Their fears grow by the day, as the Mad Tweeter continues to demonstrate his irrationality and immaturity and to surround himself with dangerous advisors. How many Republicans can be at all comfortable with the prospect of Gen. Flynn--a man who has spread many fake news stories and conspiracy theories, including a charge just before the election that Hillary Clinton was involved in "Sex Crimes w/Children," says of such fake news, "citizen journalism is the new future for truth," plays into the hands of Islamist radicals by saying the West is involved in "a world war" with Islam, and has close ties to Vladimir Putin--as National Security Advisor? Given the general disarray of the Trump campaign during the primaries, it is likely that a good number of the people chosen as Republican Electors in states that he carried are not particularly loyal to him. One, Chris Suprun of Texas, declared on Monday that he will not vote for Trump. "I am here to elect a president, not a king," he said. He is leaning towards voting for Gov. Kasich. If Hillary Clinton and Democratic Electors get the ball rolling, it is likely that more Republicans who are fearful of what Trump might do can be brought into the compromise for the good of the nation. It is a no-lose proposition for Democrats, because, as Mr. Cannon says, "If Democrats believe Trump poses a unique threat to the republic, and signal this is not okay by reaching across the aisle to marginalize and stop him, then win or lose, Democrats could legitimately claim they put partisanship aside for the good of the country." This is an opportunity that must be seized immediately. Go for it, Mrs. Clinton and Democrats! There's not a moment to waste. This proposal can determine, in Lincoln's words, whether we shall "nobly save or meanly lose the last best hope of earth." Such a selfless, patriotic act would be a crowning achievement for Secretary Clinton's career of public service. {Historian Robert S. McElvaine teaches at Millsaps College and is the author of ten books. He has just completed a draft of his first novel.} -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

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07 декабря, 15:20

Street Fighter V: victory and diversity in the eSports world final

The winner of the 2016 Capcom Cup receives $230,000, but the pressures on competitors are more than monetary – particularly if they’re transgenderThe atmosphere in the competitor pen at the 2016 Capcom Cup in Anaheim, California, is weirdly tranquil – despite the stakes. There’s a $230,000 cheque waiting for the winner, $60,000 for the runner-up. The room, snugly closed off from a shanty town of flight cases, stage lights and wires behind the sweeping stage is lined with sofas, on which the eight finalists sit. In 10 minutes they will emerge to a full house of hollers and applause, ready to make their bids in the annual competition to crown the best Street Fighter player in the world.In the middle of the room, two trestle tables sag under the weight of monitors, on which the finalists are free to warm up their fingers with practice games. There are, however, no preparatory or prayerful rituals going on back here; only the idle swiping of phones. I sink into the couch beside 32-year-old Ricki Ortiz, one of two Americans to reach the finals (the other six competitors all come from Street Fighter’s home of Japan). What does she do to prepare for a major fixture like this, I ask. “Me?” she says. “I had a quick nap.” Continue reading...

07 декабря, 14:53

Sister of man who funded Brussels bomb suspect cleared of terror charge

Soumaya Boufassil is found not guilty of engaging in conduct in preparation for acts of terrorismThe sister of a man convicted of handing money to the Brussels bombing suspect Mohamed Abrini has walked free from court.Soumaya Boufassil appeared at Kingston crown court, London, charged with engaging in conduct in preparation for acts of terrorism, on the same indictment as her brother, Zakaria Boufassil, and Mohammed Ali Ahmed. Continue reading...

07 декабря, 12:17

Кого в «Игре Престолов» играл Питер Вон?

Английский актёр Питер Вон скончался на 94-м году жизни.

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07 декабря, 05:30

LIVE Stream: President-Elect Donald Trump Rally in Fayetteville, NC 12/6/16

 Tuesday, December 6, 2016: Live stream coverage of the Donald J. Trump Thank You Tour rally in Fayetteville, NC at Crown Coliseum. Live coverage begins at 6:00 PM ET.LIVE Stream: President-Elect Donald Trump Rally in Fayetteville, NC 12/6/16 The Financial Armageddon Economic Collapse... [[ This is a content summary only. Visit http://FinanceArmageddon.blogspot.com or http://bobchapman.blogspot.com or http://goldbasics.blogspot.com for full links, other content, and more! ]]

07 декабря, 05:00

The Boston That Has Been Lost to History: An Architectural History (2000)

Jane Holtz Kay (born Jane Holtz; July 7, 1938, Boston – died November 4, 2012) was an American urban design and architecture critic. About the book: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1558495274/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=1558495274&linkCode=as2&tag=mg03-20&linkId=974b8eba866b77b0daad220292765af3 A columnist for The Nation, The Boston Globe and The New York Times, she authored three books on the conservation of natural and urban environments, most notably Asphalt Nation: How the Automobile Took Over America and How We Can Take It Back. Kay grew up in the Boston suburb of Brookline with her younger sister, Ellen. After graduating from Buckingham School, she studied at Radcliffe College, majoring in American history.[1] In 1960, she wrote her senior thesis on the historian and urban critic Lewis Mumford. His writings became a big influence on hers, and she visited him several times in the following decades.[2] Kay began her career in journalism as a reporter for The Patriot Ledger, based in Quincy, Massachusetts,[1] but later worked primarily as a freelance writer and author.[3] Kay wrote columns for The Nation and The Boston Globe, and contributed several articles to The New York Times "design notebook" column. Her first book, Lost Boston, was published in 1980. It portrays buildings in Boston which had been demolished to build malls, roads or parking spaces.[3] It was followed by Preserving New England (1986), which she had written with Pauline Chase Harrell. Her most influential book,[2] however, is Asphalt Nation: How the Automobile Took Over America and How We Can Take It Back, a critique of the car's dominance on American culture published in 1997. In 1991, Kay had sold her car and moved to the Back Bay neighborhood of Boston. Books: 1980: Lost Boston. Boston: Houghton Mifflin; ISBN 0-395-27609-8. 1986: Preserving New England: Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine. New York: Pantheon Books; ISBN 0-394-74395-4 (with Pauline Chase Harrell) 1997: Asphalt Nation: How the Automobile Took Over America and How We Can Take It Back. New York: Crown Publishers; ISBN 0-517-58702-5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jane_Holtz_Kay

06 декабря, 22:26

4 Gaming Stocks on a Hot Streak

With the help of the Zacks Stock Screener, we have zeroed-in on four stocks in the Gaming industry that flaunt a Zacks Rank #1 (Strong Buy) and have rallied an impressive 10% or more over the last four months.

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06 декабря, 20:25

Crown Castle started at outperform with $95 stock price target at Macquarie

This is a Real-time headline. These are breaking news, delivered the minute it happens, delivered ticker-tape style. Visit www.marketwatch.com or the quote page for more information about this breaking news.

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06 декабря, 17:02

BRIEF-Gaming Innovation Group CEO buys 280,000 shares

* Says co's CEO Robin Reed has purchased 280,000 shares in Gaming Innovation Group at average price of 3.204 Norwegian crowns per share

06 декабря, 01:08

Saudi Arabia Surrenders To U.S. Shale

“Ending wars is very simple if you surrender.” – PJ O’RourkeThe new OPEC deal to cut oil output – the cartel’s first since 2008 – amounts to nothing less than Saudi Arabia’s surrender to the power of American shale. It has come about due to Riyadh’s belated, horrified understanding that it has utterly lost control over the energy market, running through its capital reserves in the process. Rather than young, feckless Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman using Saudi Arabia’s John D Rockefeller…

06 декабря, 00:44

Castro, The Mob And Capitalism's Full Circle

The death of Cuban dictator Fidel Castro has provoked intense commentary, but one story we haven't heard much about is how Castro's rise brought about one of the greatest business reversals in the history of American capitalism -- and, now, perhaps a comeback? In the 1930s, with cash aplenty from Prohibition and gambling illegal in most of the United States, American gangland syndicates burned with twin desires: new investment opportunities and the chance for legitimacy. New York-based racketeer, Meyer Lansky had wanted to "go legit" from the time he was a straight A student in grade school. Lansky, whose previously undiscovered diaries I first wrote about in 2001, fulfilled his dream in Cuba. Few people know that he bet almost everything he had on that hot-blooded island. Cuba became a mob magnet because every illegal dollar stuffed into a suitcase on American soil became clean the minute a courier touched down in Havana, ninety miles off the coast of Florida. This transaction was captured in The Godfather Part II when Fredo Corleone brought such a suitcase for eventual delivery to Lansky's movie avatar, Hyman Roth. Mob bosses could legally own entire hotel-casinos in Havana and even report income to the Internal Revenue Service. They could also hold legitimate jobs. Lansky's salaried title at crown jewel of gambling palaces, the Riviera, was Kitchen Director. And, ever fussy about his customers' satisfaction, he genuinely kept tabs on the food service, too. Castro, born into wealth, cited the mob's partnership with Cuban strongman Fulgencio Batista as a primary justification for his revolution against capitalism. To add insult to injury, when Castro descended upon Havana from the countryside in late 1958, his men literally brought pigs and other farm animals into the fancy American hotel-casinos. When I spoke about the historical novel I wrote about Lansky in South Florida not long ago, I was approached not only by the children and grandchildren of Havana casino investors, but by passionate Cuban-Americans in exile who reminded me of their participation in the pre-Castro Cuban economy. Doctors, lawyers, restauranteurs, tailors, artists -- Castro destroyed their livelihoods and their lives. Said one man, "Mr. Lansky drove rented Chevrolets and brought jobs. Fidel wore army fatigues for the cameras, but lived like a king, killed my friends and neighbors, and put everybody out of work. Fidel was the real gangster. Everything Lansky did is legal now." From the 1930s to the late 1950s, Lansky directed the inflow of tens of millions of dollars from the back alleys of American cities into Havana casinos like the Riviera, the Nacional and others. That was serious money in those days. The Cuban mob casinos reached their zenith in the late 1950s diverting funds away from Las Vegas, which held rewards, but also risks. While the Las Vegas casinos were mob-controlled, on the heels of the Kefauver congressional hearings on the rackets, they had to operate under American law where the mobsters were considered "undesirables." Most were banned not only from ownership but from even setting foot in casinos. Moreover, most of the mob's income from Las Vegas came from "the skim," cash illegally taken from the counting rooms and distributed, tax-free, to mob bosses. With a few exceptions, in Las Vegas, American gangsters were still criminals. In Havana they were shareholding partners and executives. Lansky did not see himself as a gangster; he saw himself as a private equity manager from brutal origins who grew what was to become the mob's biggest legal business: travel, tourism and gambling. He told friends and family he was no different from American moguls whose fortunes had had their provenance in illegal or questionable tactics. He named Rockefeller, Bronfman, Kennedy, Annenberg in particular. He secretly wanted but never received acceptance from the American power elite. In Godfather II, Fredo's suitcase never got to Hyman Roth. In real life, those suitcases found their way to Lansky who believed for too long that American power would overwhelm the rebels. It was a bad bet. When Lansky died in 1983, it touched off a frantic search for his assets, valued by a muckraking reporter in the hundreds of millions. His family found none of it for a simple reason: They didn't have it. Lansky and his partners like Vincent "Jimmy Blue Eyes" Alo had bet the house on Havana and lost it all. If you want to see their fortunes, go to Google maps and look up the Riviera and other hotels where they had interests, assets that would be worth billions today. As Lansky said after fleeing Havana -- and nearly dying of a heart attack in an oxygen tent in Miami Beach -- "I crapped out." The irony is that the very enterprises Lansky set in motion in Cuba are now likely to be that nation's economic redemption. (Legalized gambling, by some measurements, is the fastest-growing industry in the world.) Some members of his family are seeking to recover his Cuban assets. The merits of their legal claims are unclear, but one thing is certain: Lansky's long-term bet that his investments would be worth big money was prescient. It was Castro's half-century reign of terror he hadn't factored into his prospectus. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

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05 декабря, 18:50

Celebrating BioPharma: Of Triple Crowns And Unicorns

Everyone wants to invest in a Unicorn, or so it seems. These are the investments that legendary track records are made of. But truth be told, Unicorns don’t always lead to the biggest pots of gold at the end of the investment rainbow. David Coats at Correlation Ventures recently posted [...]

05 декабря, 17:34

Karjakin loses but Russian chess is the winner

Even people who know little about chess in Russia were following the matches for the world chess crown that were held in New York between November 11 and 30, 2016. The current world champion from Norway, Magnus Carlsen, eventually retained his title by defeating Russia’s Sergey Karjakin 3-1 in a series of one-hour tie-breaks after the match ended 6-6, making the final score 9-7 in favour of Carlsen. The mass media gave the chess duel top priority, providing active commentary on the contest, while broadcasts of the matches could be watched even in sports bars. Just as in the days of the USSR, for almost a month the country was spellbound by the game. Unprecedented commotion For a long time the world’s chess crown had practically belonged to the Soviet Union. The sport was the nation's pride. But with time interest in chess faded and given the fact that since 2008 not one Russian has even been a contender for the title, many in Russia basically forgot about the sport. Everything changed when 26-year-old Karjakin won the Candidates Tournament in the spring, which gave him the right to challenge Carlsen. Russia to host 2020 World Chess Olympiad Specialists and bookmakers bet on the Norwegian, but the longer the Russian chess player resisted, the more commotion the matches provoked. All the Russian mass media gave the competition their best coverage. When, after seven ties, Karjakin won the eighth game to take a lead over the seemingly invulnerable Norwegian, there was a real explosion in public interest in Russia. People who had absolutely no interest in the ancient game found themselves captivated by the clashes between the world’s two best chess minds. Due to the time difference, in central Russia the matches would begin only at 10:00 p.m. and in many regions even later. But this did not prevent viewers from watching the games. Moreover, the transmissions from New York were shown on big screens in bars, something that obviously did not correspond to the intimate spirit of the sport. The #CarlsenKarjakin hashtag became one of the most popular on Russian Twitter feeds: "It's four thirty in the morning, the student constructors are discussing the Carlsen-Karjakin match on Skype,"[email protected] "I never would have thought that chess is such an interesting game in terms of coverage. Really fantastic. #CarlsenKarjakin,"[email protected]_bitw. "01:20. I'm watching chess, which is more interesting than some football matches! #CarlsenKarjakin," @tima_ibragimov. "I don't know why I'm sitting watching #CarlsenKarjakin. Don't understand sh…, but it's so damn interesting)))) #CarlsenKarjakin #chess,"[email protected] In November many people in Russia suddenly realized that chess was more interesting than they had previously thought. "Karjakin and Carlsen staged a real fight. Even I, who didn’t like chess, followed the matches and didn’t sleep at night. I went to a store and bought a chess set," wrote user Mishka Kostrov on the sports.ru site. Why the interest? Unlike Carlsen, who is considered a superstar not only in Norway but also throughout the world, until the championship match most people did not know anything about Karjakin. So the match became even more captivating when the dark horse put up a stout resistance to the world champion. And judging by how Karjakin was met on his return to Moscow on Dec. 2, he has already become a national hero, despite the loss. The commotion around the chess match is related to the confrontation between Russia and the West, according to Konstantin Kostenyuk, father and coach of world champion Alexandra Kostenyuk. One love: How chess stole millions of hearts in Russia "This is not the first time when international interest in chess is growing,” Kostenyuk told RBTH, explaining that the Carlsen-Karjakin match can be compared to the match between Boris Spassky and the American Bobby Fischer in 1972. “The same amount of buzz, just a bit less, took place during the 1978 match between defector Viktor Korchnoi, who by that time could have been considered a Western chess player [in 1976 Korchnoi asked the Netherlands for political asylum and in 1979 became a Swiss citizen – RBTH], and Anatoly Karpov. The same situation surrounds the Carlsen vs. Karjakin match. Plus, Magnus is a natural," he said. The match was a good show thanks to the fact that Karjakin, an outsider, competed as an equal with the man recognized as the genius of modern chess, said Kostenyuk. "This attracted many fans who know little about chess. But let's be honest, Magnus was on the attack throughout the match. Sergey played the defensive game. Applause and praise for Karjakin. That's how you fight. But Magnus's talent is phenomenal," he said. Read more: Tokyo 2020: Which new sports offer Russia a chance of Olympic glory? Subscribe to get the hand picked best stories every week

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05 декабря, 16:43

Ex-IRA chief accused of role in Jean McConville murder 'has dementia'

Lawyers for Ivor Bell say their client’s condition makes him unable to participate fully in trial over killing of Belfast widow A veteran IRA figure charged in connection with the murder and secret burial of a Belfast widow in the bloodiest year of Northern Ireland’s Troubles has dementia, a court has been told.Lawyers for Ivor Bell told Belfast crown court on Monday that their client would be unable to fully participate in his trial because he has been diagnosed with a vascular form of dementia. Continue reading...

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05 декабря, 11:26

BRIEF-SSBV Rovsing raises DKK 4 mln in a private placement

* Has successfully raised 4 million Danish crowns ($570,000) in a private placement

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05 декабря, 02:30

Microsoft's Ambitions Reach Beyond The Surface Phone

While some people are focused on Microsoft's mobile ambitions with Windows 10 hardware, the real prize lies elsewhere. Microsoft is in a far better position to capture the cloud crown than fight for a foothold in the mobile OS market share charts.

05 декабря, 01:25

Matteo Renzi Faces Defeat In Italian Constitutional Referendum: Exit Polls

ROME, Dec 4 (Reuters) - Prime Minister Matteo Renzi has lost a referendum on constitutional reform by a wide margin, exit polls showed on Sunday, throwing his future into doubt and opening the door to renewed political instability in Italy. Renzi, who had promised to resign if his flagship project was defeated, is due to address the nation at around midnight (2300 GMT), government sources said. An exit poll by the Piepoli Institute/IPR for state television station RAI, estimated the ‘No’ vote at 54-58 percent against 42-46 percent for ‘Yes’. Two other polls gave ‘No’ a similar lead of at least 10 points. Voting ended at 11 p.m. The euro immediately fell against the dollar on the exit polls, slipping to $1.0580 from $1.0625. If confirmed, the result would represent a fresh blow to the European Union which is struggling to overcome an array of crises and was eager for Renzi to continue his reform drive in the euro zone’s heavily indebted, third-largest economy. Defeat could also prompt fresh market ructions, especially in the banking sector which has lost almost half its value this year on the Milan bourse, hit by fears over its huge exposure to bad loans accumulated during years of economic downturn. Renzi, 41, took office in 2014 promising to shake up hidebound Italy and presenting himself as an anti-establishment “demolition man” determined to crash through a smothering bureaucracy and redraw the nation’s creaking institutions. Sunday’s referendum, designed to hasten the legislative process by reducing the powers of the upper house Senate and regional authorities, was to have been his crowning achievement. However, his reforms so far have made little impact, and the opposition 5-Star Movement has claimed the anti-establishment banner, tapping into a populist mood that saw Britons vote to leave the European Union and Americans elect Donald Trump president. Under Italian law, Renzi had to call a referendum on his plans to overhaul the constitution, but it was his decision to pin his future to the outcome, arguing that if Italy was not willing to accept his recipe for change he should leave office. This move turned the vote into a defacto plebiscite on Renzi himself, uniting disparate opposition forces in a fierce battle to unseat Italy’s youngest prime minister that played out over months of relentless campaigning. If he does resign, it does not necessarily mean that he will vanish from the political stage, as happened in Britain when David Cameron quit as prime minister after his Brexit defeat. President Sergio Mattarella could ask Renzi to reconsider, calling on his sense of responsibility at a time of great market uncertainty. If however he refuses, the head of state will open a round of consultations with party leaders to find a new prime minister, who will have to draw up a new electoral law. As head of the largest party in parliament, Renzi would have a big say on who should succeed him. After voting in Genoa earlier on Sunday, Beppe Grillo, founder of the anti-euro 5-star Movement which backs a ‘No’ vote, said the country needed to go to new elections as soon as possible. His party is running neck-and-neck with Renzi’s Democratic Party (PD) in the opinion polls. The biggest immediate loser if the ‘No’ camp has indeed triumphed could be Italy’s third-largest bank, Monte dei Paschi di Siena, which is bowed by bad loans and is looking to raise 5 billion euros ($5.3 billion) this month to stave off collapse. Investors are likely to shun the operation if political chaos prevails, meaning a state intervention will be needed to save it. Several other lenders also need a cash injection to stay afloat raising fears of a domino-effect crisis. Economy Minister Pier Carlo Padoan sought to calm nervous markets on Friday, saying there was “no risk of a financial earthquake” if ‘No’ wins, though there may be “48 hours of turbulence.” A Nov. 25 Reuters poll suggested investors would expect to demand an extra 25 basis points in yield to hold Italian debt over its German equivalent if the reform is rejected, with the euro dipping 1.25 percent. The risk to stability, meanwhile, is enough to have the European Central Bank preparing to step in if needed. (Additional reporting by Gabriele Pileri and Giulia Segreti; Editing by Alexander Smith, Crispian Balmer and Mark Bendeich) -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

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15 октября 2012, 11:40

15 громких примеров, которые изучают в бизнес-школах

Если вы учились в школе бизнеса, то наверняка рассматривали примеры ведения бизнеса в крупных компаниях. Реальные истории помогают студентам лучше понять успешные и неудачные стратегии. Имеются классические примеры, в число которых входят решение Apple сменить название и победа Ryanair над более мощными конкурентами. Интернет-издание Business Insider с помощью преподавателей из американских школ бизнеса составило список 15 примеров, которые должны знать студенты программы MBA. Почему Apple сменила название Пример: Apple Inc. Основной вывод: иногда невозможно в лоб одержать победу над конкурентом, не изменившись самому. Что произошло: Apple сменила название Apple Computers на Apple Inc. в 2007 г. Этот шаг отразил фундаментальное изменение приоритетов: от культовых компьютеров Mac к принципиально новым видам электроники iPod и iPhone, которые сегодня приносят американской компании более половины прибыли. Трансформация компании произошла вовремя и чрезвычайно успешно. Как Lululemon сохранила репутацию культовой компанииПример: менеджмент, культура и изменения в Lululemon. Основной вывод: вместо вражды найти возможность объединить основателей компании. Что произошло: в середине 2008 г. управление компанией перешло от ее основателя Дениса Уилсона к новому президенту Кристине Дэй. Тогда же Уилсон высказал тревогу по поводу угрозы традициям и стоимости фирмы в связи с новым руководством. Между тем Дэй унаследовала массу проблем, в том числе плохие результаты сетевых кафе, неудачную стратегию в недвижимости и плохую коммуникацию между подразделениями компании. Используя свой опыт и новую стратегию, она сделала все, чтобы расширить присутствие Starbucks в мире. Более того, она убедила основателей компании пройти курс управления в Гарварде и Стэнфорде, чтобы лучше понимать необходимость перемен. За 4 года стоимость компании выросла с $350 млн до $10,59 млрд. Как Cisco вновь стала конкурентоспособной Пример: Cisco Systems - развитие стратегии человеческого капитала. Основной вывод: выращенные внутри компании таланты могут помочь пережить трудные времена. Что произошло: Cisco развивалась чрезвычайно быстро в период пузыря hi-tech, купив в это время 70 фирм и увеличив в 2 раза численность сотрудников корпорации. После того как пузырь лопнул, Cisco пришлось изменить стратегию развития и вместо быстрого роста заняться воспитанием собственных талантов. Для наиболее перспективных специалистов компания создала университет Cisco. В течение трех лет ситуация в корпорации кардинально изменилась, что позволило ей вновь стать лидером на рынке. Как газета USA Today вновь стала прибыльной Пример: развитие новой стратегии в USA Today Основной вывод: иногда старые лидеры не могут успешно руководить компанией в новых условиях. Что произошло: когда тираж газеты резко пошел вниз, президент USA Today Том Кюрли решил интегрировать различные подразделения компании, в том числе интернет-сайты, телеканалы и печатные издания, и эффективнее использовать содержание новостей. При этом многие старые руководители в его команде выступали против новой стратегии. В итоге Кюрли пришлось заменить пятерых из семи высокопоставленных менеджеров. Как Dreyer пережил катастрофу Пример: сеть кафе-мороженых Dreyer Основной вывод: не пытайтесь вводить в заблуждение сотрудников. Что произошло: многочисленные проблемы, в том числе высокая стоимость сырья, падение продаж и завершение контрактных отношений с Ben & Jerry's, заставили компанию провести срочную реструктуризацию. Во время ее проведения руководители лично встречались с каждым работником и обсуждали предстоящий план действий, а также внимательно слушали их советы. Стратегия доверия, открытости и веры в собственных сотрудников помогла компании в течение двух лет вновь стать прибыльной. Как Microsoft решила конкурировать с Google Пример: поисковик Microsoft Основной вывод: нет чудесных методов, необходимо вовлекать всю компанию и все ее ресурсы. Что произошло: через 10 лет после своего основания Google смогла стать ведущим поисковиком в интернете. Microsoft занимала третью строчку, уступая даже Yahoo!. Но компания мобилизовалась и решила кардинально изменить ситуацию, создав в 2009 г. поисковик Bing!, который смог бросить серьезный вызов лидеру рынка. Как Ryanair обошла более крупных конкурентов Пример: Ryanair - борьба за небо Европы Основной вывод: ограниченная в ресурсах компания может мобилизоваться и обойти более богатых конкурентов. Что произошло: в 1986 г. два брата Райан объявили о создании новой компании, которая не побоится бросить вызов таким гигантам индустрии, как British Airways и Aer Lingus, на маршруте Лондон – Дублин. Предложив билеты по рекордно низким ценам, Ryanair смогли привлечь пассажиров, которые раньше пользовались поездом или паромом. Этические вопросы воспринимаются по-разному в мире Пример: Merck Sharp & Dohme Argentina, Inc. Основной вывод: этические решения не всегда бывают легкими. Что произошло: новому президенту аргентинской "дочки" Merck была поставлена задача сделать компанию современной и профессиональной. Через некоторое время у него возникла этическая дилемма. Один из кандидатов на престижное место в программе стажеров был сын высокопоставленного чиновника в Министерстве здравоохранения Аргентины. Президенту недвусмысленно дали понять: если студент будет взят в компанию, то лекарства Merck будут включены в государственную программу распространения, что, безусловно, приведет к росту продаж. Это был реальный конфликт между желанием Москера реформировать компанию и реальностью ведения бизнеса в развивающейся стране. Почему Cirque du Soleil решил отказаться от привычного комфорта Пример: Cirque du Soleil – новое здание привело к новому партнерству Основной вывод: иногда следует отказаться от старых партнеров для роста Что произошло: Cirque du Soleil имел взаимовыгодные отношения с казино MGM Mirage. Казино сделало значительные инвестиции в специально построенное здание для уникальных выступлений цирка. Но появившиеся возможности в Азии и на Ближнем Востоке заставили президента Cirque du Soleil Даниэля Ламэрра начать переговоры о новых партнерских отношениях. Почему Airborne Express проиграл конкуренцию Пример: Airborne Express Основной вывод: узкая специализация может дать преимущество, но только на непродолжительное время. Что произошло: Airborne Express, небольшой конкурент FedEx и UPS, смогла добиться значительных результатов, несмотря на свой размер. Успех объясняется продолжительной забастовкой сотрудников UPS, чем умело воспользовалась Airborne Express. Новая компания решила стать узкоспециализированной, предлагая сервис по низким ценам лишь в больших городах. Однако эта стратегия оказалась малоуспешной, и компанию в итоге приобрела DHL. Как плохая коммуникация чуть не уничтожила менеджера Пример: Эрик Петерсон Основной вывод: порой трудно преодолеть бюрократические барьеры Что произошло: недавний выпускник школы бизнеса был назначен директором региональной "дочки" крупной телефонной компании в конце 1980-х гг. Фирма под управлением Петерсона начала масштабную работу по развитию мобильного сервиса в штатах Вермонт и Нью-Гемпшир. Однако новый проект отставал по срокам, и Петерсон предложил руководству пересмотреть даты. Но он не смог быстро и своевременно связаться с начальством, что в итоге привело к многочисленным проблемам. Как Уильям Авери стал легендой Пример: Crown Cork & Seal в 1989 г. Основной вывод: не бойся думать о себе Что произошло: Уильям Авери стал президентом Crown в 1989 г., когда на рынке появились новые конкуренты, а подразделение по выпуску металла становилось все более убыточным. Первое, что Авери сделал, – начал разработку долгосрочной стратегии развития компании, которая включала в себя покупку конкурентов и освоение производства новых упаковок. Успех не заставил себя долго ждать: сегодня компания выпускает одну из пяти банок/бутылок для прохладительных напитков по всему миру. Почему Cisco решила играть по-крупному Пример: новые приобретения Cisco Основной вывод: компаниям нужны разные вещи в разное время Что произошло: примерно в 2006 г Cisco решила отказаться от стратегии приобретения небольших инновационных стартапов, концентрируя внимание лишь на редких покупках больших игроков. Старая стратегия была оптимальной на фоне быстрого развития интернета. Но ситуация на рынке изменилась, а значит, стали необходимы и новые модели ведения бизнеса. Как Lincoln Electric добилась успеха с необычной стратегией Пример: Lincoln Electric Co Основной вывод: делай все просто Что произошло: это один из классических примеров американского бизнеса. Крупнейший производитель изделий электродуговой сварки с 1975 г. не имеет профсоюза и не предлагает дополнительные бонусы сотрудникам. В то же время Lincoln Electric гарантирует каждому сотруднику пожизненное трудоустройство и возможность стать акционером компании. Размер зарплаты напрямую зависит от уровня прибыли фирмы. Столь необычные методы до сих пор не мешают Lincoln Electric оставаться конкурентоспособной и прибыльной компанией. Стратегия Lincoln убедительно подтверждает важность мотивации сотрудников. Почему Nucor Steel решила рискнуть Пример: Nucor на распутье Основной вывод: инвестиции определяют размер нового проекта Что произошло: в 1986 г. перед президентом Nucor Кенес Иверсон был непростой выбор: принять или нет новую технологию отливки стали. Технология позволила бы компании получить много преимуществ, в том числе значительное снижение расходов. Но для ее внедрения необходимы значительные инвестиции, а технология не была еще одобрена контролирующими органами. В итоге Nucor все же решила построить в 1989 г. первый завод с использованием новой технологии. С тех пор компания остается крупнейшим производителем стали в США.