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Выбор редакции
17 сентября, 20:06

Sen. Tom Cotton Dodges Questions About Trump's Transgender Troop Ban

Several other GOP senators have already come out against Trump's proposal.

15 сентября, 17:25

North Korea's Bitcoin and Kenya's New Railway: The Week in Global-Affairs Writing

The highlights from seven days of reading about the world

15 сентября, 02:05

Trump may replace Obama's big climate rule — not just repeal it

Some conservatives wanted the EPA to refuse to regulate carbon pollution, but power companies fear that would leave them in legal limbo.

13 сентября, 17:24

The Zacks Analyst Blog Highlights: First American Financial, Hanover Insurance Group, Atlas Financial and Greenlight Capital Re

The Zacks Analyst Blog Highlights: First American Financial, Hanover Insurance Group, Atlas Financial and Greenlight Capital Re

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12 сентября, 21:45

2 men die in Dodge Challenger Hellcat crash at Colorado airport

The men were in their 70s.

12 сентября, 19:01

Irma wrecks quarter of Florida Keys homes

Hurricane Irma destroyed a quarter of the houses in the Florida Keys, where it first made landfall in the United States as a Category Four hurricane, the US emergency response chief said yesterday.

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12 сентября, 18:22

The Fiver | Rocking to its foundation until PSG score in the fourth minute

In today’s Fiver: Smiting Queen’s Celtic with the power of 10,000 suns, big-boned strikers’ union and dodging Dome O’Doom’s Do One DoorBig Cup group stages start tonight and with six teams from the UK participating over the next couple of days, anticipation is feverish among the teeny tiny fraction of the British population that can afford or be bothered to watch them. Continue reading...

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11 сентября, 22:43

Photos of the Damage Left by Hurricane Irma in Florida

As Hurricane Irma, now a tropical storm, moves out of Florida, images of the destruction left behind are beginning to appear.

11 сентября, 22:38

Sanders: Bannon likes to speak in ‘the most extreme measures’

Responding to Steve Bannon’s lengthy interview on “60 Minutes,” White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said Monday that President Donald Trump’s former chief strategist tends to speak in extreme language and suggested that she does not agree with everything he said.At Monday’s daily briefing, Sanders fielded several questions about Bannon, whose lengthy interview with Charlie Rose on “60 Minutes” aired on Sunday. It made news for, among other bombastic remarks, his blunt criticism of the Catholic Church and former colleagues in the White House, like economic adviser Gary Cohn (Bannon said he should quit). Bannon, who chaired Trump’s presidential campaign in its later stages and refers to himself as a nationalist and populist, left the administration last month and returned to the right-wing website Breitbart News, where he is executive chairman.When a reporter asked Sanders to respond to Bannon’s assertion that the immigration debate could cause a “civil war” within the Republican Party, Sanders deflected, saying, “I think that Steve always likes to speak in kind of the most extreme measures. I’m not sure that I agree with that.”Sanders said Trump has seen clips from the interview but she was not sure if he had seen it in full. The press secretary also dodged a question about whether the president agrees with Bannon's assessment that Republican leaders like Mitch McConnell and Paul Ryan want to "nullify" the results of the presidential election."Not that I'm aware of, but I haven't had that conversation with him," she said.

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11 сентября, 22:34

Miami Beach 'Dodged a Cannon,' Mayor Says

Sep.11 -- Miami Beach Mayor Philip Levine discusses the impact of Hurricane Irma with Bloomberg's David Gura on "Bloomberg Markets: Balance of Power."

11 сентября, 22:00

Leading Index for Commercial Real Estate "Slips" in August

Note: This index is possibly a leading indicator for new non-residential Commercial Real Estate (CRE) investment, except manufacturing. From Dodge Data Analytics: Dodge Momentum Index Slips in AugustThe Dodge Momentum Index moved lower in August, falling 2.4% to 129.1 (2000=100) from its revised July reading of 132.2. The Momentum Index is a monthly measure of the first (or initial) report for nonresidential building projects in planning, which have been shown to lead construction spending for nonresidential buildings by a full year. The decline in August can be attributed to an 8.7% drop in the commercial component of the Momentum Index, while the institutional component rose 7.3%. The commercial component has seen a steep rise over the past year as large projects – particularly office buildings – entered the planning cycle. The August retreat for the commercial component brings planning activity back to a level more consistent with a sustainable pace of development.emphasis added Click on graph for larger image.This graph shows the Dodge Momentum Index since 2002. The index was at 129.1 in August, down from 132.2 in July.The index is only up 1.4% year-over-year.According to Dodge, this index leads "construction spending for nonresidential buildings by a full year". This suggests some further increases in CRE spending over the next year.

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11 сентября, 20:15

Catastrophe Bonds Suffer Biggest Crash In History

Lat week, when the eye of Hurricane Irma was still expected to pass over Miami, resulting in potentially unprecedented damages, including dramatic losses to the P&C sector, we reported that "Catastrophe Bond Investors Face Wipe Out As Hurricane Irma Approaches." This was partially validated by several liquidation trades, the most prominent of which was the plunge in the Citrus Re Cat bonds, which were repriced from par to 50 cents on the dollar after someone dumped a massive chunk of the paper heading into this weekend, unwilling to hold on further risk exposure which according to some of the more aggressive loss estimates, saw as much as the entire principal on the issue wiped out.   As it turns out, it wasn't just that one Citrus Re seller who got spooked: following the latest weekly remarking of the Swiss Re Cat Bond price return Index, the entire catastrophe bond sector saw broad-based, pardon the pun, liquidations last week and as a result was marked down by a record 16% on Friday, wiping out all of the year's gains and then some. And yet, despite concerns of a worst-case scenario, hurricane Irma weakened as it moved past Tampa on Monday, leaving in its wake a state that avoided the worst predictions of its destruction by sea and storm. “Miami and Miami Beach, we didn’t dodge a bullet, we dodged a cannon,” Miami Beach Mayor Philip Levine said in an interview Monday morning. So in light of the sharp reduction in estimated damages from Irma, investors are assessing whether the record plunge in cat bonds is justified and if it makes sense to, well, BTFD. As reported earlier, various analysts have released revised damage numbers on Monday, prompting a sharp squeeze in P&C stocks. As Bloomberg reported, Chuck Watson, an Enki Research disaster modeler in Savannah, Georgia, had predicted total damages as high as $200 billion. However, the hurricane dwindled to a Category 2 before reaching the Tampa Bay area. That could keep damages under $49 billion, with insured losses at about $19 billion, sparing insurance companies, Watson said. Bloomberg Intelligence analyst Jonathan Adams puts insured losses now at $13 billion, down from an earlier estimate of $33 billion. Citi, similarly, reduced its Irma-related losses from $150 billion to only $50 billion; AIR Worldwide lowered its top estimate for U.S. insured damage from Hurricane Irma to $40 billion from $50 billion, maintaining the low end its expected range at $20 billion, according to Artemis. By comparison, total losses from Hurricane Katrina reached $160 billion in 2017 dollars after it slammed into New Orleans in 2005. While Irma didn’t reach that level of destruction, it could surpass the damage caused by 1992’s Hurricane Andrew that punched its way across the Florida peninsula. Furthermore, as Gadfly notes, on Saturday, risk modeling company RMS said there's only a 10% chance that wind losses from Irma will exceed $60 billion, an estimate that will be drastically lowered further this week. That should give a further boost to the cat bond market, as 60% of it is linked to wind damages. The weighting toward wind makes sense, as it's much easier to model. Flood is a different matter -- it's much harder to project losses, and so comprises a much smaller part of the catastrophe bond market, which itself occupies one corner of the reinsurance sector known as the insurance-linked strategies market. And while flood-related losses will likely be sizable, worries here are more constrained as they are more broadly diluted across the entire Insurnance-Linked Securities space: "instruments linked to flood risk are dispersed across the ILS market, and a wobble in one of them need not affect the whole sector. As concern begins to shift from the initial storm hit to the damage from rising water levels, it looks like both the ILS and cat bond markets will be able to cope with the damage, and the rest of the U.S. storm season." And so, following a restless weekend in which the smallest of revisions in the hurricane's path resulted in dramatic downstream consequences for billions in assets, investors are offered yet another opportunity to generate short term returns, this time courtesy of Buying The Hurricane Dip.

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14 августа, 16:15

Several Chinese Companies Reportedly Submit Bids For Fiat Chrysler

After learning over the weekend that Trump plans to call for an investigation into China over allegations that the nation violated U.S. intellectual property rights and forced technology transfers, we learn that several Chinese companies may have submitted bids for Fiat Chrysler (FCA) in a deal that would include the company's iconic Jeep brand.  According to AutomotiveNews, at least one Chinese automaker made a bid earlier this month for FCA at a slight premium to the company's prevailing market price but it was rejected for being too low. Representatives of a well-known Chinese automaker made at least one offer this month to buy Fiat Chrysler Automobiles at a small premium over its market value, Automotive News has learned. The offer was rejected for not being enough, a source said.   Meanwhile, other sources independently identified executives from other large Chinese automakers conducting their own due diligence on a potential purchase of FCA, including meeting last week with representatives of U.S. retail groups about a potential acquisition. A source said FCA executives have traveled to China to meet with Great Wall Motor Co. And Chinese delegations were seen last week at FCA's headquarters in Auburn Hills, Mich.   It's unclear which Chinese automaker or automakers are pursuing FCA. Different sources have pointed to involvement by different ones — Dongfeng Motor Corp., Great Wall, Zhejiang Geely Holding Group or FCA's current joint venture partner in China, Guangzhou Automobile Group. But it is also unclear which company or companies are likely to follow through or succeed.   Unsurprisingly, FCA isn't talking, nor are any of the four Chinese automakers. But if a sale proceeds, the quintessentially American Jeep brand — once owned by the Germans and most recently by the Italians/Dutch — may soon be owned by the Chinese.   According to AutoNews, any sale likely would involve FCA's highly profitable Jeep and Ram brands, as well as Chrysler, Dodge and Fiat, but would exclude Maserati and Alfa Romeo which would be spun off. Interest from China comes amid a push by the government to acquire international assets in order to gain further access to markets outside China. A government directive dubbed China Outbound pushes Chinese businesses to acquire international assets from their industries and operate them "to make their mark," much as Geely has done since acquiring Volvo in 2010. Bloomberg reported last week that Chinese companies plan to spend $1.5 trillion acquiring overseas companies over the next decade — a 70 percent increase from current levels.   "Right now, Chinese automakers enjoy the full support of the leadership in Beijing to go and make it happen," Dunne said. "That's something brand new, and it's really picked up since 2015."   Along with Volvo, Dunne pointed to Italian tire maker Pirelli and German robotics giant Kuka as Chinese acquisitions supported by the China Outbound policy. Of course, given Trump's focus on domestic auto production and intellectual property violations by China, something tells us this particular deal will be somewhat 'complicated' politically.  That said, FCAU shareholders seem to be somewhat optimistic this morning...

Выбор редакции
02 августа, 00:15

Carmageddon: Ford & GM Sales Tank Despite Record July Incentive Spending

It was hard to find a bright spot for auto investors in July's auto sales figures released earlier today with GM down 15% YoY, Ford off 7% and Chrysler down 11%. The companies blamed the drops on lower fleet sales but GM’s retail sales also fell 14.4% from July 2016.  Meanwhile, Ford and Fiat Chrysler retail sales had single-digit declines, and their fleet sales fell 26% and 35%, respectively.   Here's a recap of how each of the largest OEM's made out in July: GM: Three of GM's four brands posted double-digit sales declines in July with Chevrolet down 15%, Cadillac down 22% and Buick plunging 31%.   While GM blamed weak fleet sales for their abysmal month, their retail sales declined 14% as well.   The Chevy Spark minicar withered, falling 81.9% to 764 units for the month, while the Chevy Sonic subcompact car declined 47.3% to 2,552.   Ford: Ford retail sales fell 1% while fleet sales declined 26%.   Ford's flagship brand fell 8%, while the luxury Lincoln brand declined 2.5%.   Car sales were off 19%, including a 13% decline for the Ford Fiesta subcompact and a 42% decline for the Fusion mid-size car.   Fiat Chrysler: All of Chrysler's major brands, except Ram, were down double digits. Jeep was down 12%, Chrysler 30%, Dodge 12% and Fiat 18%. Ram sales were flat.   Retail sales were down 6%, while fleet sales were down 35%.   Toyota: The Japanese automaker soared past expectations for a surprise sales gain. The company's flagship Toyota brand and luxury Lexus brand were each up 3.6%.   With the strong sales performance, Toyota surpassed Ford in July as the nation's second-largest automaker for the month, behind only GM.   Toyota's passenger cars were weak, down 12% for the month, while sales of crossovers, pickups and SUVs rose 17%. Despite the extreme declines at the domestic OEM's, the overall SAAR continued to hover around 17mm units, reaffirming, at least for now, Ford's assertion that sales will 'plateau' at current levels.   That said, overall inventory levels remain elevated despite the fact that incentive spending set a new record  of $3,876 per unit in the month of July.  Per J.D. Power: Average incentive spending per unit to date in July is $3,876 per unit, a record for July, and surpassing the previous high for the month of $3,597, set in July 2016. Spending on trucks and SUVs is $3,700, up $194 from last year. Spending on cars is $4,174, up $436.   Incentives as a percentage of MSRP are at 10.8% so far in July, exceeding the 10% level for 12th time in the past 13 months   Meanwhile, GM's inventory continues to be the most bloated of all the OEMs with 939,831 cars still parked in dealer lots all across the country...equal to 104 days of supply.   Of course, as silly as it may seem, some analysts still found a way to be upbeat about the industry.  Per Detroit News: “The fundamentals in the industry are still very, very strong,” said Kelley Blue Book analyst Alec Gutierrez. Big-picture indicators like fuel prices, employment levels within the industry and customer satisfaction are all at healthy leavels.   At a gathering of auto officials in Traverse City on Tuesday, several analysts delivered a similar message on the state of the industry: “The sky is not falling.”   Jeff Schuster, senior vice president of global forecasting for LMC Automotive, said despite sales numbers out of North America, there are reasons for optimism overall.   “Transaction prices are up, that’s a very positive thing…,” he said. “We’re looking at over $31,000 on average – up over a percent.” But Ford and GM shareholders are starting to lose faith...   ...as are investors in the suppliers.   Oh well, we're sure this is just a temporary pause...the second half is sure to be better.

Выбор редакции
01 августа, 16:58

GM Auto Sales Crash, Dealer Inventory Near All Time High

It was expected to be a bad quarter for General Motors. It ended up being abysmal. GM reported that July auto sales crashed by a whopping 15%, nearly double Wall Street's already depressed expectations of a 8% drop, and with GM mothballing production across the country to catch up with lagging demand, it still sold only 226,107 vehicles as a result of double digits drops in Chevy, Build and Cadillac Sales of 15.3%, -30.5% and -21.7%, respectively. The only "good" performer was GMC, which dropped by "only" 7.3% Y/Y. The company also reported that while the average transaction price was $36,000, or roughly $1,000 higher than a year ago, the incentive spending as a percentage of average transaction prices was 11.5%, near an all time high. This is how the company explained this dramatic decline in production: “We have strategically decided to reduce car production rather than increase incentive spending or dump vehicles into daily rental fleets, like some of our competitors,” Kurt McNeil, U.S. vice president of Sales Operations, says in a statement. Which would be great, however judging by the almost negligible drop in dealer inventory, which saw the number of cars parked at dealer lots decline by just 40K to 939,831, resulting in a near record 104 days of sales, it appears that GM needs to shutter production for months on end to normalize GM's unprecedented channel stuffing. Abysmal sales aside, however, the company remains quite optimistic: "Under the current economic conditions, we anticipate the second half of 2017 will be much stronger than the first half," Mustafa Mohatarem, GM chief economist says. Good luck with that anticipation chief GM economist. And speaking of GM's "competitors", it wasn't any better there, with Chrysler reporting a July auto sales drop of -10.5%, also far below the 6.1% expected. Fiat brand -18% Chrysler brand -30% Jeep brand -12% Dodge brand -12% Ram brand sales were flat y/y Fleet sales -35% And some other car makers: Ford down -7.4%, Exp. down -5.5% Volkswagen down -5.8% Honda down -1.2% Mazda down -3% At this rate, the US auto sector could become the catalyst that finally tips the US economy over into recession.

30 июня, 19:00

The Danger of Obedience: Fake Police Crime Spree

Via The Daily Bell The police do not care about keeping you safe. If they did, they wouldn’t put innocent people in danger every day by driving unmarked cars, behaving unprofessionally, and performing no-knock raids. All these things make it quite easy to impersonate an officer in order to commit a crime. People know their lives are literally in jeopardy if they disobey even the most minor order from a police officer. Innocent people are no exception, and simply questioning an officer, or asserting one’s rights has gotten people beaten, arrested, and even killed. Because of this environment created by an overbearing oppressive police state, a perfect opportunity has opened up for criminals to easily exploit their victim’s fear of police. Criminals simply need to pose as police, and any resistance on the part of their victims melts away. Posing as Cops to Commit Crimes It’s not just for big heists like in the movie The Town that criminals dress as police to commit crimes. It actually happens terrifyingly often. The practice is so common in Miami-Dade that the police have a special task force to investigate instances of criminals impersonating officers. A family in Miami-Dade earlier this year suffered a home invasion after they opened their door to three men in police uniforms. Last year in Tampa a 28-year old woman was pulled over by a fake officer and raped. In April thieves in Tuscon dressed as police to invade a home. In May three suspects still on the loose did the same in Honolulu. A Los Angeles man was convicted last week of fondling two women while posing as an officer and attempting to force another to take her clothes off while pretending to be a detective investigating counterfeit money. In early June a man and a woman were arrested for dressing as federal agents and attempting to break into an apartment in Fresno California. In Cleveland Ohio, a man was recently arrested and charged for handcuffing children on many different occasions in what appears to be a fake “scared straight” operation. The man was not a police officer, but wearing a gun and vest convinced school and court officials that he was an officer. Even police have been fooled by fake officers, including a 14-year-old boy who simply walked into a Chicago police station and showed up for roll call. Officers handed him a radio and told him to ride along with a female officer. The teenager even helped make an arrest. “After four or five hours, she asks, ‘Who is this guy?’ ” recalled Jody P. Weis, who was the Chicago police superintendent at the time. “He’s in a uniform, he has a goofy badge, he doesn’t have a weapon and he’s a high school kid. It was so embarrassing.” (The embarrassment did not end there for Mr. Weis, who said he had recommended against punishing the teenager in juvenile court because no harm had been done. Three months later, the boy was arrested and charged with stealing a car. Impersonating officers is not uncommon as you can see. This blind obedience to officers has caused women to be sexually assaulted, and homes to be invaded. But it is not just the fake cops you have to worry about. Actual Police Commit Crimes Too Real police commit crimes too, which is all the more reason not to place some members of society above fellow citizens. If a police officer engages an innocent person, that person must essentially ask permission to walk away from the encounter. The fact that police demand unquestioning obedience, and act violently enraged if their authority is challenged only helps criminals get away with their crimes while posing as police officers. But this same bullying extralegal behavior is used by police to commit crimes. Last year a Texas officer sexually assaulted a female driver, and a Honolulu officer was accused of raping a 14-year-old girl. Unfortunately, rape and sexual assault by police officers appear to be extremely common. And even when the case is “resolved” with a conviction of the officer, the sentence is a miscarriage of justice. One woman was offered a ride home by an officer after an incident had been resolved without any arrests. She said she didn’t consent, but didn’t resist or say no because she was scared for her life. “If I would’ve fought him back, yes, he would’ve murdered me. He would’ve took my life and I have kids,” she said. The officer ended up being convicted and sentenced to one year in prison. 61% of all victims of police crimes are women. In San Diego, patrol officers working alone at night committed a number of sexual assaults against women they pulled over. …of all the officers arrested, for offenses ranging from murder to drunken driving, only 54 percent were fired, and 37.5 percent arrested for domestic violence lost their jobs.The study also found that roughly two-thirds of all the arrests were made by an agency that didn’t employ the officer… Police also invade homes. An 80-year-old-man was shot to death by police after they broke into his home in a no-knock raid. They had obtained a search warrant with the only evidence being that they smelled chemicals associated with making meth. Hearing a home invasion, the elderly man picked up a pistol and was shot to death in his bed without firing a shot. No meth was found. The officers were not charged with the murder and were found to have acted appropriately. This highlights how the drug war, no knock raids, and militarized police also contribute to the problems faced when trying to protect your life from thugs in real or fake uniforms. But sometimes cops don’t even get a trumped up warrant before murdering innocent civilians. One man was murdered by police when he took his legally owned firearm with him to open the door after a loud knock late at night. The officer did not identify himself, but seeing a gun, shot the man to death. For some reason, the officer was not charged, and the court prevented the man’s family from suing him, citing qualified immunity. They said it was not clear that the officer had committed any crime in murdering the homeowner. The problem with police committing crimes is so voluminous that we can only scratch the surface here. But one thing is for sure, you have almost as much reason to fear becoming the victim of a crime from a real uniformed officer as from someone posing as an officer. Solution Indiana passed a law in 2012 that allows citizens to shoot an officer who illegally enters their home. It is unclear why this law was needed since it is illegal for anyone to invade a home, whether they are a cop or not. Having to codify something so obvious shows just how far the government will go to protect their criminal officers. Still, at least Indiana offered some legal cover to citizens forced to protect themselves from police. Of course, most government solutions simply double down on the divide; prosecute impersonating an officer harder, and simply make it illegal to buy a badge or police uniform. Maybe while they are at it, they should ban Dodge Chargers for civilians, and prohibit civilians from wearing matching shirt and pants in any blues, blacks, or tans. As usual, the solution from the government is to make more things illegal and punish pre-crimes like owning objects that might someday be used in a crime. Never does the problem come from the government’s end! It is always the damn civilians getting in the way of our brave heroes! But the reality of the situation is that it doesn’t matter how many police-like tools and clothing they make illegal, or how hard they punish people who dress up as cops for Halloween. There is a divide between the police and the average citizen, and only by holding police accountable for their actions will the dangers of fake police be mitigated. The only reason criminals have such success with this tactic is the population’s blind unquestioning obedience to police, beat into them over the course of years by bullies in blue who ignore the law to assert their will. It’s not the uniform, it is that we cannot tell the difference between the behavior of cops and criminals because they act in strikingly similar ways. The solution is to stop giving police extra rights and privileges. It doesn’t make any sense that they are held to a lower standard for criminal activity than the rest of the population when they have more responsibility than most to behave appropriately. Any crime committed by an officer should be punished two-fold based on his position of trust and power over civilians, yet all too often they are not punished for their crimes. A criminal is a criminal, whether his uniform and badge are fake or real. Civilians shouldn’t have to wait to find out if the officer is real, and they shouldn’t have to lay down and allow a real officer to have their way with them, with the only redress being later court action if they are alive to pursue it. This especially because people can be legally barred from pursuing civil action. Also, many police will not be charged or convicted of their crimes, or will receive ridiculously lenient sentences. The two reasons people should not have to fear using such deadly force against home-invading cops is because A) if they are real police they are behaving criminally and everyone has the right to defend themselves from a criminal, and B) they might not be real cops at all, and everyone has the right to defend themselves from a criminal. Not having to stop and wonder if this is a real police officer and wonder if you will be going to prison for decades simply for defending yourself makes you much safer and able to defend yourself and your loved ones. If police are not given extra rights, there will be no reason to impersonate them.

30 июня, 15:39

The Real Reasons Why You Didn’t Get the Job

For proactive jobs seekers, the need to hurry up and wait for a response after an interview is tough. Here’s why recruiters haven’t contacted you.

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30 июня, 15:00

Here Are All The Crazy Things That Happened At VidCon 2017

By all accounts, VidCon 2017 was fertile soil for controversy and chaos. If you missed it, you probably dodged a bullet.

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29 июня, 07:02

13 takeaways from the FCA’s review into asset managers

Sector dodges competition referral but British regulator to probe investment platforms

Выбор редакции
29 июня, 07:02

13 takeaways from the FCA’s review into asset managers

Sector dodges competition referral but British regulator to probe investment platforms

09 июня 2015, 19:50

Пикапы Chevrolet. История начинается.

Пикапы - самые американские и самые, на мой взгляд, интересные автомобили. Я их люблю и хочу о них рассказать. А чтобы меня не обвиняли в "монетизации" сделаю это на примере марки, больше не представленной на нашем рынке. Не думаю, что GM хотя бы поблагодарит меня за эту публикацию.По некоторым данным, несколько самых первых пикапов Chevrolet были произведены еще в 1914 году. Они предназначались не для продажи, а для перевозки всевозможных грузов по территории автомобильного завода. так сказать, для внутреннего пользования! Понято, что ни один такой автомобиль не сохранился. Первые серийные пикапы были построены в городе Флинт, штат Мичиган, 22 ноября 1916-го и отгружены с завода 2 декабря того же года. Эта дата считается официальным выходом Chevrolet на рынок легких грузовиков. Машина, которую вы видите на фото, это современная реплика одного из первых пикапов Chevrolet 490.1918 модельный год ознаменовался выпуском сразу двух грузовых моделей. Обе они представляли собой грузовое шасси с металлическим капотом, под которым был установлен четырехцилиндровый бензиновый двигатель. В то время покупатели обычно сами оснащали автомобили деревянными кабинами, грузовыми платформами или кузовами, в зависимости от своих потребностей. На картинке вверху, пассажирская модификация модели Light Delivery. Я где-то читал, что в те годы за такой автомобиль просили $595. Немало, ведь это были другие, полновесные доллары, не те, что сейчас... Более тяжелая модель, построенная на той же базе, носила индекс T (Truck). Она отличалась усиленным шасси и ее грузоподъемность достигала одной тонны - вдвое больше, чем у Chevrolet 490. На машину устанавливался 37-сильный двигатель. Его мощности хватало, чтобы грузовик развивал скорость до 40 км/ч. В 1918 году чтобы купить такое транспортное средство нужно было выложить более 1000 долларов!В 1930 году на смену грузовым шасси пришли полноценные пикапы заводского производства. Компания Chevrolet приобрела кузовную фирму Martin-Parry и начала сама производить пикапы со стальной кабиной и установленным на заводе кузовом. Сердцем новых пикапов стал рядный шестицилиндровый двигатель. Его конструктивная особенность заключалась в верхнем расположении клапанов. Такие моторы стали характерной чертой практически всех пикапов Chevrolet следующих десятилетий.На фотографии модель Chevrolet Roadster Delivery, который впервые "засветился" в музыкальной кинокомедии "Follow Thru", вышедшей на экраны в 1930-м году. Видимо, в этом фильме что-то было связанно с гольфом, не случайно же сидящие в кузове актрисы держат в руках клюшки!К середине 1930-х полутонные автомобили с заводскими стальными кузовами стали основой рынка пикапов, где фирмы Mack, Studebaker и International конкурировали с Chevrolet, GMC, Ford и Dodge.В середине 1930-х годов, когда экономика США начала восстанавливаться после Великой депрессии компания Chevrolet вывела на рынок новые модели легких грузовиков обтекаемой аэродинамической формы, которая до сих пор считается эталоном дизайна той эпохи. Помимо прочих усовершенствований, модели образца 1937 года обрели усиленный кузов и более мощный 78-сильный двигатель.Этот пикап Chevrolet образа 1937 года с честью выдержал изнурительное путешествие длиной 10 245 миль по Соединенным Штатам, проходившее под наблюдением Американской автомобильной ассоциации (ААА). Кстати, средний расход топлива составил 11,3 л/100 км - неплохо даже по современным меркам!В начале 1947 года Chevrolet представила легкие грузовики серии Advanced Design – первые среди всех автомобилей корпорации General Motors, полностью обновленные после Второй мировой войны. Замысел рекламщиков и производителей состоял в том, чтобы сделать утилитарные машины более яркими, выразительными и привлекательными для потребителей. Дизайнеры компании, действую по команде маркетологов, шире расставили фары, установив их на крылья, а также подчеркнули решетку радиатора пятью горизонтальными планками. Получилось неплохо! На фото - полутонный пикап Chevrolet Advanced Design 1947-го модельного года.Машины, выполненные в этой, удачно найденной, стилистике, продержались на конвейере с 1947 по 1953 год, а затем, в начале 1955 года, был обновлен дизайн передней части (на фото вверху).После выхода на рынок моделей серии Advanced Design предпочтения американских покупателей стало постепенно смещаться в сторону пикапов. Если перед войной соотношение между продажей пассажирских автомобилей и легких грузовиков составляло примерно 4:1, то 1950 году уже 2,5:1. Пикапы стремительно набирали популярность! В середине 1950-х годов, полностью восстановившаяся после войны Америка переживала потребительский бум. Покупатели стали еще более разборчивыми и требовательными к дизайну и техническим характеристикам автомобилей. В связи с этим, в 1955 году Chevrolet представила публике совершенно новую линейку пикапов Task Force, дизайн которых перекликался с престижной легковой моделью Chevrolet Bel Air. А в качестве опции на пикапы стали устанавливать более мощные двигатели V8.В 1955 году была выпущена специальная версия пикапа Cameo Carrier. Это была уже не "рабочая лошадка", а стильный автомобиль, более уместный на подъездной дорожке к роскошному особняку, чем на ферме или заводской площадке. Можно считать, что именно с этого момента большие американские пикапы перестали быть чисто утилитарными транспортными средствами. Модель Cameo Carrier производился относительно недолго, всего лишь до 1958 года. Но ей на смену уже шли новые еще более роскошные пикапы. 1959 год. Красавица Chevrolet El Camino просто очаровала публику эффектным дизайном с характерными для того времени «килями» как у легковых моделей Chevrolet и функциональностью полутонного пикапа. Впрочем, грузить в такую машину сено и солому вредил кто-то стал. "Фермерской" эта машина могла быть только на постановочных рекламных фотографиях а в повседневном использовании ее практичность, как говорится, оставляла желать... Вскоре это поняли и покупатели. Восторги поутихли и производство El Camino по-быстрому свернули, для того... чтобы возродить через три года! Но уже в новом качестве. С мощным двигателем V8 под капотом Chevrolet El Camino 1964 модельного года стала одним из первых маскл-каров компании. Еще за два года, до появления легендарного Camaro! А в 1968 году появилась спортивная версия пикапа. Ее назвали El Camino Super Sport. С тех пор все самые "заряженные" модели Chevrolet стали носить индекс SS.Но я как-то забежал вперед. Помимо El Camino в 60-е годы встречались еще более причудливые пикапы. Например Chevrolet Corvair Rampside 1961-го года.Интереснейшей особенностью этой модели стал второй откидывающийся борт, находящийся сбоку, как дверь у микроавтобуса. Да и внешне пикап Chevrolet Corvair здорово напоминал автобус. А еще он был заднемоторным - шестицилиндровый опоенный двигатель находился под полом. Конструкция получилась слишком уж оригинальной и покупатели ее не оценили. Источники утверждают, что таких машин было выпущено всего-то около 800 штук. Тем не менее, своей страницы в истории пикапов Chevrolet модель Corvair достойна!На этом мы пока остановимся. Продолжение следует!