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Дуайт Эйзенхауэр
31 января, 21:00

The Tiki Metric

Kyle Bottoms, Strategic Lead, Critical Mass Conjuring images of distant shores, hula skirts and sacred totems, Tiki is rooted in an enchanting mix of fumy libations and Polynesian-themed escapism. And it’s quite possible that no other cultural trend has risen and fallen so spectacularly over the past 100 years. Tiki was everwhere. Then it vanished. And now, it’s on the rise again. If you haven’t felt Tiki’s intoxicating pull, the new man in the White House may soon have you yearning for a Mai-Tai or Zombie. Yes, this is an article for the age of Trump. But it’s also about the Great Depression, World War II, Eisenhower and Vietnam. Let me explain.  The Tiki trend is fueled by a desire for escape—using rum, some citrus and a big dose of imagination to help you forget about the outside world.  While escapism is a common behavior, Tiki adoption is different. Tiki can be used as a metric to see just how good or bad we’re all feeling. A barometer of public sentiment: a Tiki Metric. In short, the worse things get for people, the better it is for Tiki. And that’s something we can gauge, interpret, and put to use. A cultural data set. But to understand it, you have to understand Tiki’s past. Jeff “Beachbum” Berry, a “Tiki anthropologist” and owner of the restaurant and Tiki bar Latitude 29 in New Orleans, is credited for rescuing many of the famous drinks that started Tiki culture. He took me through Tiki’s history. It began in 1933, with a man named Don the Beachcomber and his Rhum Rhapsodies—combinations of rum, lime and sugar, with every element multiplied and blended in amazing ways. Sounds like “good times,” except that America was reeling from the Great Depression. But Don helped you forget about all that. Tiki was born, and by 1937, there were over 100 Tiki bars across the USA. Fast forward to World War II. GI’s coming home via Hawaii from the South Pacific had tasted paradise and wanted more. They didn’t have to go far. Over 1000 Tiki bars had sprung up. In the ‘50’s and ‘60s, we reached peak Tiki. The drink-driven trend had become a full-on cultural phenomenon. Tiki invaded all aspects of pop culture: music, movies and even home decor. But these weren’t happy days. Communist witch hunts, paranoia and strict religious morality were part and parcel of the Eisenhower administration. A pervasive, nuke-fed fear lingered behind the rum induced joy… But the worse it got, the bigger Tiki bars became. Bigger waterfalls, bigger Tikis, more elaborate exotic vessels. This was Tiki’s golden age. But it couldn’t last. “If anything destroyed Tiki the first time around, it was the Vietnam war,” Jeff explained. “You weren't going to escape from the NBC nightly news watching people being zipped up in body bags as bombs destroyed palms and villages in colour by going to the Saigon Room.” The escapism became real. The place you were trying to escape to became too similar to what you wanted to escape from. Tiki collapsed. A decade later, Tiki hit another problem: life got pretty good. Through the 80's and into the 90's, the Cold War ended, the West became increasingly secure, and America settled comfortably into its role as the world's sole superpower. But all good things must come to an end. Today, the global scourge of terrorism, isolationist policies, and general mistrust has created a revival in cocktail culture, which has helped Tiki rise again globally. The UK only had a couple Tiki bars five years ago. Post BREXIT, there are 30 (and counting). Paris now has two. Same with Moscow. Global uncertainty means global growth in Tiki. While most trends last 8 to 10 years, the first golden age of Tiki lasted 40. We burn through trends a lot faster now; our connectedness hastens their rise, spread and crash, but the quasi-mythical island paradise of Tiki remains timeless. I don’t expect it to go away anytime soon. Neither does Jeff Berry. “No matter how cynical or worldly people get, they respond to that promise of escape, and they respond to it on an un-ironic level. And if our new presidential administration is any indication, Tiki will be around for at least another four years.”  The Tiki Metric suggests people will begin to look for delight in an atmosphere that is different from what they are used to. So if you have a have professional stake in predicting trends and behaivors, then take a momentary break from your data sets and field research and pay attention to that Tiki bar that popped up across town. Tiki is a trend, but it is also a metric, or barometer of other trends. By watching it closely, we can make assumptions about other trends emerging around us. Consider this: successful trends over the coming years will be experiential ones. And if Tiki is to be believed (and it is) consumers and audiences will be drawn to experiences that transport them to some pleasurably carefree place—in a meaningful, immersive way. I would expect to see brands like Disney or AirBnB push “experiential escapism,” and to that end, there’s no better time to get into virtual reality. At the end of our conversation, Jeff said “I’d like to have a safe and prosperous world, and have Tiki—but I guess I’m just greedy!” Until we find that Utopia, we can still escape to the ones we imagine. For me, it will be in Tiki. One last thing: if, for whatever reason, your find yourself in trying times, I also leave you with Jeff’s favourite drink. His take on the classic “Navy Grog.” 3/4 ounce Fresh Lime Juice 3/4 ounce White Grapefruit Juice 3/4 ounce Club Soda 1 ounce Demerara Rum 1 ounce Dark Jamaican Rum 1 ounce White Cuban or Puerto Rican Rum 1 ounce honey mix (heat equal parts honey and water till the honey dissolves, then cool it, bottle it, and store it in the fridge) Place all ingredients in your shaker, shake with ice, then strain into a glass containing an ice cone. About the Author Kyle Bottoms is a Strategic Lead at Critical Mass. He’s spent 8 years capturing trends, data and customer desires and transforming them into creative, award-winning digital experiences. His Tiki mug collection currently sits at 14. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

Выбор редакции
31 января, 19:14

Seven Business Leadership Lessons From Dwight Eisenhower

Our thirty-fourth president never worked in business, but he has invaluable lessons to offer business leaders.

Выбор редакции
30 января, 21:21

Битва за Восток: 60 лет доктрине Эйзенхауэра

30 января 1957 года американский конгресс принял доктрину, которую предложил президент США Дуайт Эйзенхауэр. В своём выступлении он заявил о намерении защищать страны Среднего Востока от любых агрессоров — в первую очередь от Советского Союза. Что подтолкнуло Эйзенхауэра создать этот проект и к каким последствиям привела его реализация — в материале RT. Читать далее

30 января, 08:02

Protesters March From D.C. Mosque To Mike Pence's House

function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible); WASHINGTON ― A little less than a mile down Massachusetts Avenue from the vice president’s residence, on the strip known as Embassy Row, is the Islamic Center of Washington, D.C. The mosque was dedicated by President Dwight Eisenhower. It’s the house of worship where President George W. Bush went six days after the terrorist attacks of 9/11 to declare “Islam is peace” and reassure Muslims in America that they should not live in fear. “Those who feel like they can intimidate our fellow citizens to take out their anger don’t represent the best of America, they represent the worst of humankind, and they should be ashamed of that kind of behavior,” Bush said. Sunday evening, hundreds of Americans who felt that President Donald Trump and Vice President Mike Pence had forgotten that message rallied in the dusk to remind them, marching up the hill from the mosque to Pence’s new home bearing candles. They wanted to tell Muslims they are welcome, and speak out against Trump’s executive order barring people from seven Muslim countries from entering the U.S. “Starting here in front of the mosque in D.C., a block over from the vice president’s residence, is very symbolic,” said Shalani Malaki, an immigrant of Nigerian and Indian descent. “I wanted to come out today to stand up to the hate that’s been shown by President Trump and his administration so far,” said Sean Redding of D.C., who had also marched earlier near the White House as numerous other demonstrations blossomed all over the country. “I think America is a kind country, and I’m feeling that today,” Redding said. Pence probably did not hear the chants of “Shame! Shame! Shame!” and “No hate, no fear, everyone is welcome here.” He might have noticed the flashing lights of the police escorts, or the horns of passing cars honking in support. Either way, the marchers wanted to show the new administration and people who might want to come to America that immigrants are still welcome. “We are here to support all immigrants and refugees who are trying to enter our country,” said Gillian Singer, a Tulane University student from Maryland who brought her parents along to protest. “Being Jewish, and seeing these kind of xenophobic, racist bans, this kind of just craziness, it worries me, it really frightens me about what this man will do,” said her father, Paul Singer. The Singers, like many others in the throng, pledged that Trump and Pence would be hearing from them again, and often. “We have to keep reminding ourselves that this isn’t normal, and we need to keep fighting back,” Gillian Singer said. “All I have to say to Donald Trump is welcome to the next four years.” -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

30 января, 04:01

Celebrity Wake Up Call -- Historic Hotel Syracuse Emerges From Hibernation

What do Presidents John F. Kennedy and Dwight Eisenhower have in common with Elvis Presley, the Rolling Stones, and John Lennon? They each stayed at the Hotel Syracuse. And now, after a two year, $76-million restoration, you can too!

29 января, 23:42

5 numbers that mattered this week

One week into his term Trump's disapproval rating is greater than all his modern predecessors.

28 января, 20:37

RIGHT ON CUE: After years of liberal hate, George W. Bush is getting the respect he deserves: It w…

RIGHT ON CUE: After years of liberal hate, George W. Bush is getting the respect he deserves: It was in February 2010, on Interstate 35 in Wyoming, Minn., according to Wikipedia, that the billboards first began to appear: “MISS ME YET?” ran the message over a picture of George W. Bush. “Kind of,” say today’s Democrats. […]

27 января, 00:00

Bret Baier on His New Book, Eisenhower and Trump

Tom Bevan, RealClearPoliticsBevan: So, congratulations on the success of the book. Baier: Thank you! Bevan: We’re up the bestsellers list here, hoping to hit number one. Baier: Yeah, we debuted at number two on the New York Times list for nonfiction and hopefully on the way to number one, but we’ll see. It’s been a really great journey and it’s just been a lot of fun.

26 января, 10:22

В России рассказали о большом переполохе в Кремле из-за Майдана

Президент РФ Владимир Путин во время Революции Достоинства сильно испугался протестов в Украине. Об этом в эфире радиостанции Эхо Москвы рассказал российский журналист Александр Невзоров, передает Апостроф. «Почему-то Кремль в свое время перепугался Майдана. Скажу […]

25 января, 19:23

How Obama’s press staff (gently) trolled their Trump team replacements

The Obama staff gift appears something of a friendly tweak to their successors.

25 января, 06:53

JUST LIKE EISENHOWER AND LITTLE ROCK: Donald Trump: “If Chicago doesn’t fix the horrible ‘carnage’…

JUST LIKE EISENHOWER AND LITTLE ROCK: Donald Trump: “If Chicago doesn’t fix the horrible ‘carnage’ going on, 228 shootings in 2017 with 42 killings (up 24% from 2016), I will send in the Feds!” It’s always Republican presidents fixing the racial disasters produced by Democratic politicians.

25 января, 04:31

Без заголовка

**Must-Read: Simon Schama**: _[Joyless Fantasies Abound in Trump’s Inauguration Speech][]_: "The 45th president is not only a cantankerous man but... a mentally lazy one... [Joyless Fantasies Abound in Trump’s Inauguration Speech]: https://www.ft.com/content/49a5b4a2-dff1-11e6-8405-9e5580d6e5fb >...who cannot be bothered to read daily intelligence briefings and whose speech was a barely defrosted abridgment of...

24 января, 22:45

The Difference Between Protest America 1968 And 2017

The largest coordinated national and international protest in American history snuck up on me, like a long-lost friend's unannounced visit. I spent half my life pining over being slightly too young and too conservative to have been together with Woodstock's 400,000. But there I was 48 years later, half a century later, on January 21, 2017, stumbling unwittingly out of the Metro red line at Judiciary Square, Washington, DC, and spilling onto a sea of humanity packed like sardines, and into an experience that dwarfed 1969 Woodstock. This was not a sea of kids scared to death of the draft, everyone in their twenties, raucous music and lots of sex. There was no tear gas and rage and throwing stuff everywhere like Chicago 1968. There was plenty of anger, but there was this strange peace among people of every age group and race, religious and secular, the very young and the very old, families with kids, the super straight and the extraordinarily tattooed, every social group imaginable. The crowd was exuberant but sad, ecstatic but serious, eager to march but almost absurdly patient and kind. They were mostly women but an astonishing number of supportive men. I still cannot understand the calm without guides, without any instructions whatever, without any sound system or video or speeches, crushed by a turnout so large that no one could move. Here is the thing, most of us were content to just be with each other without direction, massively crushed, enjoying each other's signs and all our outrageous peculiarities and differences. It is as if some outside dark force had ordered us to say hello to each other for the first time in our lives, because we knew in our hearts that we may be about to lose each other. The scientists know well that loss, fear of loss, is a far more powerful motivator than opportunity for gain. We average Americans sat there like sardines, very patient, because we knew that what we were doing right then and there, that freedom of assembly, may be lost. But with such high stakes why was it all so calm, why weren't we angry at organizers or lack of directions? I saw something new, some new state of mind cutting across generations, with no tension with one age group or gender against the other, no race or religion against one another, no secular against religious, no mockery of any group or phenomenon, except mockery of mockery itself. I also saw something not led from the top, but led from our strange attraction to each other in a time of sorrow, of loss. I sensed it from the first second we entered the metro and discovered long lines of strangers from around the country lining up for metro cards, lines I had never in my life seen in Washington. I sensed already on the DC Metro, rushing as a mob to the last usually empty cars that everyone filled to every single space, and then we looked at each other after the doors closed in amazement. Who are all these people? Why do they all wear the same pussy hats? Who coordinated all of our feelings? What the hell has just happened to my individual loneliness and hellish confrontation with the possible end of democracy? Where was my lonely sorrow, and why did all these people have the same look in their eyes of longing, sadness, hope? It was as if we knew no one but knew everyone and the pain they carried inside. With complete strangers, at each turn of our journey to the march, we sensed urgency, but not urgency to get to the march, urgency that we might lose the most precious gift of freedom that our ancestors had given us. We were racing not to the marching grounds but to an inheritance that we felt we could lose. As the march on Washington was lived on the ground, there was a new reality born, a reality of collective care and commitment to save what we can always be lost. No intellectual rebuke, from Socrates to Eisenhower could convince us of what we might lose as much as the reality of these days. When massive crowds come to know each other, history often adjusts. In April 1967, about 300,000 people demonstrated against the war in New York. In 1965, most Americans had supported U.S. policies in Vietnam, but by 1967 only 35 percent did so. In October 1969, more than 2 million people participated in Vietnam Moratorium protests across the country. The following month, over 500,000 demonstrated in Washington and 150,000 in San Francisco. The American population at the time was about 190 million, and today it is about 320 million. With our millions this past week, we are not that far off from the kind of numbers that changed history and changed attitudes in the United States within a few small years. But there was persistence and momentum that made the difference in the 1960s, and our future and our willpower is still uncertain. What impressed me most about all the demonstrations around the world that these women led is calm. One of the reasons for the unbelievable calm, composure, kindness and self-discipline of the masses, is that we are wiser today about ourselves, about violence, about anger, and about change. Oh, we are angry, and every one of the participants felt aggrieved or wounded in one way or the other by the unjust, illiberal and tragic way in which a minority in the country, together with a minority of billionaires and covert leaders, seized the country, enjoyed an absurd mascot, and began to dismantle every aspect of democratic safety, with bullying of each of us in different parts of our identity. But we are impressed by the relationship between inner peace and outer peace, the consequences of personal behavior, personal demeanor for the effectiveness of social change. Calm hovered over the atmosphere like a soft blanket in situations that were often tense with deeply uncomfortable crowding, no directions, no way out (I tried to go home for an hour and gave up), no guidance, no police protection, no program that could be heard or seen, at least in DC. Perhaps we are reaching a new stage of history. We show up with our minds and our bodies to challenge injustice, to fight for a better way, but we are doing so with calm restraint and love, from teenagers to twenty-somethings, every single decade of human beings, gay and straight, every religion and no religion, angry for a thousand legitimate reasons, and still harming no one, aiding many and guiding many at every turn, with the calm aid of others an act of ultimate defiance against bullying itself.   Historians and conflict analysts will study this day, for both its purposeful qualities, its accidental qualities, and the surprising global outcome. They will study the action/reaction spiral of threats to democracy and the response of the masses. They will note that these marches occurred in the shadow of other mobs that have been given permission to threaten and bully isolated individuals and institutions across the country. They will note the less understood and bewildering contemporary effects of false social media, virtual bullying, virtual mob violence, and the instrumentalization of this by foreign states and agencies. But they will also note with incredulity the spontaneous courage of millions of strangers, led by women, to forge quiet, determined commitments that can be summed up on one placard: This is what democracy looks like. They will note the overwhelming evidence from every conflict region in the world that where there is increasing equality of men and women together in struggle, something dramatically wise and calm occurs in human thinking and collective decision making, something that explains the sustainability of women's peace relationships with other women and men across enemy lines in the worst war zones. They will note that something dramatic is happening to human evolution of consciousness and evolution of change that occurs with less violence in direct correspondence to when women and men unite as equals. Let's make this the norm of the American future, let's do this often in strategic ways, let's do it locally at every level of decision-making. We need to change, we need to unite, but we need to do so with calm and discernment. We have learned that the way we gather, the way we look at each other, the way we talk to each other, has far-reaching consequences for the kind and quality of power that we generate, for the kind and quality of society that we build. We can be angry; we can be ferociously determined to change what is unjust. But with calm, with kindness, we become an unstoppable force of social persuasion and enlightened democratic life. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

23 января, 09:20

Утренний обзор

Доброе утро! Baker Hughes в пятницу сообщила, что по итогам завершившейся 20 января рабочей недели число буровых установок в США выросло на 35 штук, или на 5,3%, до 694 единиц. В годовом выражении показатель вырос на 57 штук, или на 8,9%. Количество нефтяных буровых установок увеличилось на 29 единиц, или на 5,55%, до 551 штук. Число газодобывающих установок выросло на шесть единиц, или на 4,41%, и составило 142 штуки. Воскресная встреча ОПЕК прошла без каких — либо значимых новостей, что подтверждают котировки нефти на данный момент. А вот высказывания избранного президента Трампа привлекали куда больше внимания... «Президент Трамп намерен добиться энергетической независимости от картеля ОПЕК и любых стран, враждебных нашим интересам», — сообщает Белый дом. «Администрация Трампа будет приветствовать революцию в области сланцевого газа и нефти, чтобы вернуть рабочие места и благосостояние миллионам американцев» Администрация США подтверждает свое намерение выйти из Транстихоокеанского партнерства, сообщается на обновленном сайте Белого дома. Кроме того, в документе говорится о намерении президента США Д.Трампа пересмотреть Североамериканское соглашение о свободной торговле (NAFTA). «Если наши партнеры откажутся от пересмотра, который сделает положение американских рабочих более справедливым, президент уведомит о намерении выйти из NAFTA» «Мир должен знать, что мы не ищем врагов за рубежом, и что мы всегда рады тому, когда старые враги становятся друзьями, а старые друзья становятся союзниками», — говорится в обнародованной в пятницу программе Белого дома по внешней политике. Вчера кандидат в президенты Франции бывший премьер-министр Франсуа Фийон заявил о важности восстановления отношений с Россией. «Я предлагаю провести конференцию Европа–Россия по вопросу новых условий безопасности в Европе», — сказал фаворит президентской гонки. Американский рынок акций обычно растет в течение двух недель после церемонии инаугурации, однако к концу месяца после этого события фиксируется спад, свидетельствуют результаты исследования LPL Financial. Компания изучила реакцию рынка на момент вступления в должность главы государства вплоть до 1953 года, когда им стал Дуайт Эйзенхауэр. Подъем индекса Standard & Poor's 500 за две недели после инаугурации составил за этот период в среднем 0,7%. Из 18 случаев всего четыре раза, причем подряд, было зафиксировано снижение индикатора: в 1973 году — на 3,8%, в 1974 году — на 11,5%, в 1977 году — на 1,1% и в 1981 году — на 2,4%. Таким образом, вероятность подъема индекса оценивается почти в 78%. Будет ли так в этот раз — вопрос, т.к нынешний президент кардинально отличается от своих предшественников. фРТС на данный момент находится в зоне продаж выход из данной зоны находится выше 114500, ближайшая поддержка 113000 далее 111600 и 111000 мой вчерашний блог smart-lab.ru/blog/375798.php Ваши плюсы блогу — лучшая мотивация для продолжения написания «Утренних обзоров» Всем спасибо!

23 января, 00:00

In Some Ways, He's a Bit Like Ike

Bret Baier, Weekly StandardDuring the 1952 campaign, Dwight Eisenhower boldly announced that if he won the presidency, I shall go to Korea. He believed he could broker peace in the Korean conflict, which had reached a stalemate under Harry Truman. About two months before he took office, Ike flew to Korea on a visit that would set the stage for the end of the Korean War six months into his presidency.President Truman was outraged that a president-elect would step into foreign policy in such a direct way. It was an audacious break with protocol. But the public was behind Ike, and, more important, the North Koreans and...

22 января, 14:30

"Новая метла" Белого дома. Как будет выглядеть Овальный кабинет Трампа

Овальный кабинет — это официальное и постоянное рабочее пространство президента Соединённых Штатов Америки, расположенное в Белом доме в Вашингтоне. Вообще-то, в здании администрации президента несколько комнат овальной формы, но работает глава государства в той, что находится в западном крыле здания. В этом кабинете три больших окна, которые выходят на юг, и четыре двери — восточная, западная, северо-восточная и северо-западная. Первая ведёт в Розовый сад, созданный первой супругой 28-го американского президента Вудро Вильсона Эллен, вторая — в столовую и частный кабинет, третья — в кабинет секретаря главы государства и последняя — в коридор Западного крыла администрации президента. В настоящее время диаметры Овального кабинета составляют 10,9 метра и 8,8 метра, а высота потолка — 5,6 метра. Каждый из президентов имеет право обставить рабочее пространство на свой вкус: выбрать новую мебель, драпировку, ковры, шторы, даже цвет стен. Ещё у главы государства есть возможность добавить в интерьер Овального кабинета предметы искусства из коллекции Белого дома или позаимствовать их на время президентского срока у какого-либо музея.   Большинство президентов обязательно вешают на стену портрет своего любимого предшественника. Для многих это огромный портрет Джорджа Вашингтона кисти Рембрандта Пила или Чарльза Уилсона Пила. У Линдона Джонсона, Рональда Рейгана, Джорджа Буша — старшего и Билла Клинтона висел портрет первого президента-демократа Эндрю Джексона, у Барака Обамы и Джорджа Буша — младшего — Авраама Линкольна. Ещё президенты любят ставить в кабинет бюстики и статуэтки, самый популярный персонаж — опять Линкольн и Вашингтон, а также Томас Джефферсон, Бенджамин Франклин, которых иногда меняют на Франклина Рузвельта, Гарри Трумэна или Дуайта Эйзенхауэра. Практически неизменной остаётся лишь одна деталь в кабинете президента — это стол "Резолют". Стол изготовили в 1880 году из древесины разобранного барка ВМС Великобритании "Резолют". Во время одной из экспедиций он застрял в арктических льдах и был покинут экипажем, но затем вызволен американским китобойным судном. Британская королева Виктория отдала распоряжение собрать из древесины стол и отправить его в США, президенту Резерфорду Хейзу в знак благодарности.  Золото, мрамор, блеск Итак, как может выглядеть кабинет нового американского президента? Лайф посмотрел фотографии Дональда Трампа и его семьи, сделанные в их домах, и представил, как обставят Овальный кабинет Трамп и его супруга Меланья. Всем интерьерам Трампа присуща безвкусица и бессознательный китч — это когда в интерьере много крикливых или вульгарных элементов, которые дизайнер подбирает из лучших побуждений, а не руководствуется тонким вкусом.  Бесспорно, мрамор — любимая горная порода четы Трамп, чаще всего это бежевые, молочные и коричневые тона. Также Трампы питают неуёмную симпатию к хрусталю и золоту. Можно полагать, что в Овальном кабинете появится новая люстра, вероятно внушительных размеров, а небольшие детали будут отделаны металлом, являвшемся предметом вожделения всех народов мира на протяжении многих веков. Кабинет первого темнокожего президента США Бараку Обаме довелось работать в Овальном кабинете на протяжении двух сроков — восьми лет (с 2008 по 2016 год). С обустройством пространства ему помогал профессиональный декоратор Майкл Смит, ранее придумывавший интерьеры для голливудских звёзд. При нём кабинет стал напоминать уютную гостиную, где всё выполнено в приятных глазу светлых тонах: два желтовато-бежевых мягких дивана в цветочек, ковёр с печатью цвета топлёного молока, коричневые кожаные кресла. На рабочем столе у него выставлены семейные фотографии — супруги Мишель и дочерей Саши и Малии. По краям от камина, расположенного напротив стола "Резолют" и окон, Обама поставил два бюста своих кумиров. Это Мартин Лютер Кинг, афроамериканский проповедник-баптист, и президент Авраам Линкольн. Также в кабинете первого темнокожего президента США можно было увидеть модели телеграфного аппарата Сэмюэля Морзе 1849 года, зуборезного станка Джона Пира 1874 года и пароходного гребного колеса Генри Уильямса 1877 года, позаимствованные у Национального музея американской истории, а ещё — четыре керамических сосуда из Музея индейцев Америки. Первые хозяева Первым хозяином Овального кабинета стал президент Уильям Тафт. Кабинет был построен в 1909 году, и его интерьер был выдержан в тёмных тонах: болотно-зелёные, почти пустые стены с несколькими подсвечниками, аккуратная люстра производства известнейшей в то время компании Edward F. Caldwell & Co, два кофейного цвета дивана у стен, книжные полки со стеклянными дверцами, мраморный неоклассический камин и стулья по бокам от него. Комната по размерам практически не отличалась от нынешней. Рабочий стол и остальная мебель достались ему от президента Рузвельта.  В рождественскую ночь 1929 года во время президентства Герберта Гувера в Западном крыле Белого дома произошёл пожар, нанёсший кабинету серьёзный урон. Глава государства воспользовался этой возможностью, чтобы расширить пространство и увеличить площадь комнаты. В кабинете была установлена система воздушного кондиционирования. Также Гувер заменил кожаную мебель на мягкую, лампы в неоколониальном стиле на арт-модерн, а ещё доставил шесть стульев. "Оральный" кабинет При Билле Клинтоне интерьер Овального кабинета также был выдержан в спокойных светлых тонах с яркими деталями — ковром с печатью цвета морской волны и драпировкой жёлтого цвета. У этого президента висел портрет Джорджа Вашингтона кисти Рембрандта Пира, картина The Avenue in the Rain (с англ.: "Авеню под дождём") американского импрессиониста Чайльда Гассама, "Статуя свободы" иллюстратора Нормана Роквелла, Waiting for the Hour  (с англ.: "Дожидаясь часа") Уильяма Толмана Карлтона, а также копия скульптуры "Мыслитель" Родена, бюсты Авраама Линкольна и Теодора Рузвельта. Но не этим запомнился Овальный кабинет времён Клинтона. Острые на язык журналисты прозвали его "оральным" после скандала, чуть не стоившего президенту кресла и разгоревшегося из-за его любовной связи со стажёркой Моникой Левински. Девушка впоследствии призналась, что некоторые свидания происходили даже в самом Овальном кабинете, а не только в частной комнате за западной дверью. Может, отчасти поэтому супруга Клинтон и экс-госсекретарь США Хиллари так стремилась попасть в "Овальный". Кабинет как поле для гольфа Кабинет президента Ричарда Никсона, ставшего первым и единственным в истории главой США, ушедшим в отставку до окончания срока, служил ему не только рабочим пространством, но и площадкой для игры в гольф. Ярый фанат этого вида спорта, Никсон использовал в качестве поля голубенький ковёр, а в качестве лунки — пепельницу. Со стен на это "безобразие" глядели три портрета Джорджа Вашингтона — кистей Рембрандта Пила, Гилберта Стюарта и Чарльза Уилсона Пила, а также бюст Линкольна и фотоснимок "Восход Земли" астронавта Уильяма Андерса, сделанный им во время облёта Луны на корабле "Аполлон-8". Ещё Никсон не сидел за столом "Резолют", он предпочёл ему стол Уилсона — из красного дерева.

21 января, 21:45

Donald Trump's Vision of Religion and America

Donald Trump's inaugural address, delivered in the very direct and even pugnacious style for which he has become famous, revealed something interesting about his view of the how the USA and religion are related. Like so much of President Trump's vision for the country, his view of religion's relationship to it hearkens back to an earlier era. That time was the one in which he grew up, from Trump's birth in 1946 (the first year of the baby boom) through end of the 1960's, when be entered young adulthood. In those days, and especially during the 1950's, the American establishment embraced religion in general even as it rejected government endorsement of any one faith in particular. The "non-preferentialist" position as constitutional scholars call it was supported then by American presidents, Congress and the Supreme Court. One clear sign of that came in 1954, when Congress passed and President Eisenhower approved a federal law officially inserting the words "under God" into the Pledge of Allegiance, which was being recited daily then by the largest cohort of young, school-age children in American history (including Donald Trump). That same sense of America as a land of religious people that did not endorse any one faith tradition but was friendly to religion in general was also supported then by rulings of the U.S. Supreme Court. Helping strengthen that official attitude was the ongoing pressure of the Cold War, because the leading countries on the other side (the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China) rejected religion in general as a false belief system. In President Trump's childhood, the official view was that God was on our side, both historically and in that Cold-War struggle. It was a message that private military schools like the one he attended during his high school years especially emphasized. That vision of America's relationship to religion tended to ignore, if not ostracize, non-believers. President Obama's first inaugural address represented something of a rejection of that view by publicly acknowledging that there were Americans who were not religious and that they, too, were part of the people. Like so much of his vision for the country, Obama's sense of the relationship between it and religion reflected a newer conception that first began to emerge in the later 1960's and early 1970's. The new view was one of government neutrality with respect not just to particular faiths but also to the issue of faith in general. What gave that new way of thinking a boost, more than anything else, was the decline in Cold-War tensions that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990's. That new relationship with religion, like much of the rest of Obama's vision of what the country was becoming, has produced a backlash, which could be seen in Donald Trump's Inaugural Address. What references to God he made there came shortly after his discussion of "radical Islamic terrorism," which he pledged to "eradicate completely from the face of the earth." From there, Trump moved to America's relationship to religion by saying, "The Bible tells us how good and pleasant it is when God's people live together in unity." He also sought to strike a reassuring note, by saying that Americans enjoyed not just secular but also divine protection in going about their lives and work. In Trump's words, "We will be protected by the great men and women of our military and law enforcement and most importantly, we will be protected by God." The overall message was simple: God is still on our side, and will protect us as we do battle with our enemies. Excluded from that vision of the American people are those without religious beliefs, even though their numbers have grown over the years. Like Trump's overall campaign message, his view of America's relationship to religion is both authentically populist (many, perhaps most, of the ordinary people of the country agree with it) and troublingly insensitive (to the minority that does not). The USA is a more varied place that it was in Trump's childhood, and he clearly wants to make it less so again as a way of uniting it. However, his tone and manner in doing so often come across as heavy-handed, which can undermine the very thing he is ultimately trying to accomplish. Whether he can find a way to fight for what he wants so as to bring people together - rather than drive them apart - very much remains to be seen. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

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21 января, 16:00

How the Market Reacts to Presidential Inaugurations

Presidential inaugurations are big moments for the U.S. and its investors. In this week’s chart, we’re looking at how the market typically reacts to a new commander in chief.

21 января, 05:58

Rough first day for press in Trump's White House

The pomp and circumstance ended in pandemonium in the White House briefing room.President Donald Trump’s staff teased the press all afternoon on Friday about whether Trump would sign executive orders. “A possibility,” said Press Secretary Sean Spicer. “Potentially,” said strategic communications director Hope Hicks. “Don’t start drinking yet,” said deputy Communications director Raj Shah. The back-and-forth ended with Trump signing an executive order allowing federal agencies to disregard provisions of the Affordable Care Act. In the hours leading up to Trump's signing, Spicer emerged repeatedly, without warning, to address the press in the briefing room, prompting reporters to run through the corridor and push each other out of the way. He announced, at first, that Trump would sign two executive orders. Then he announced there’d be three actions – and in the end, only one of them was actually an executive order. Though he promised a full readout of the executive order, a vague directive to agencies to “ease the burden” of Obamacare before it’s repealed, Spicer ultimately delivered a 30-second statement that didn’t mention the order, and tweeted to confirm it had been signed. Earlier, Spicer—and other top members of the Trump administration—made multiple unannounced appearances in the West Wing’s press workspace. But it was a reminder that accessibility is not at all the same thing as transparency—and there would be no speedy rapprochement between Trump and the journalists he called “animals” and selectively banned from covering his campaign. After Trump won, his aides alarmed the press with public musings about moving their briefings and work space out of the White House. But on Friday, the press’s modest basement and break room became a key stop on tours for top Trump officials. “America’s got a fresh coat of paint. Maybe the press room should too,” said counselor to the president Kellyanne Conway, standing under the harsh fluorescent lights of the press basement. “Gut renovation.” Conway toured the space—with its crowded cubicles, crammed broadcast booths and spoiling breakfast, crusty carpeting and bathrooms that open directly into the lunch room—with director of strategic communications Hope Hicks. Shortly before them, Trump’s senior counselor Steve Bannon swung by. As executive chairman of Breitbart News, Bannon is no stranger to newsrooms. But even he seemed taken aback by the working conditions in the seat of American power. After his tour, a reporter asked if the press could keep their space. “Now that I see what it’s like, yes,” he replied. Reporters reacted with alarm when Trump transition officials mused openly about the possibility of moving media briefings and offices into the Eisenhower Executive Office Building. Though still technically part of the White House and home to offices of many key staff, the move would end a tradition that has allowed reporters to essentially walk into the offices of press staff at any time. One reporter even tweeted pictures of White House correspondents hard at work in the press basement on Friday morning to show the need for the space, even though Trump has already publicly backed away from the idea. But while the designated press space next to the West Wing is symbolic, and convenient, it’s not particularly pleasant or spacious. Indeed, having room for more reporters, both at desks and during press conferences, was a central rationale for finding a new venue, the Trump team said.“You know what, I tried to get you more space!” Spicer said during a visit to the reporters’ realm on Friday. It was actually less crowded than usual at the White House on Friday, since only reporters with permanent White House credentials could get into the building, with only two time windows for access in the morning. In addition to the house calls, Trump’s aides made other efforts to be accessible. Raj Shah popped into the briefing room and stakeout area at front of the West Wing to answer questions, and the system for emailing press releases and pool reports to the media was up and running shortly after Trump finished his inaugural address. When a reporter complained that the door between the briefing room and press staff offices was locked, Shah quickly had it opened again. But by the end of the evening, the housecalls and casual banter reverted back to suspicion and Twitter sniping. Spicer used an erroneous pool report claiming that a bust of Martin Luther King Jr. had been removed from the Oval Office—the reporter corrected himself and apologized—to issue a 140-character lecture with “A reminder of the media danger of tweet first check facts later.”A reminder of the media danger of tweet first check facts later https://t.co/dYqwRv1p0f— Sean Spicer (@PressSec) January 21, 2017

21 января, 05:11

Obama Poll Watch -- January, 2017

Obama’s Final Honeymoon Ends Well America now has a new president, meaning (among other things) it is time to take one final look back at the presidency of Barack Obama. The chart is now complete on the public’s opinion of how President Obama performed his duties, and his final “honeymoon” period not only continued during January, it actually improved considerably. Without further ado, let’s take a look at the final Obama monthly average poll ratings. [Click on graph to see larger-scale version.] January, 2017 Obama’s final month in office began strong, got stronger, and then shot even further upwards at the very end. All in all, a pretty impressive performance considering this “month” covers less than three weeks. [A technical note before I begin: today’s figures from RealClearPolitics.com were only available through January 18th, so Obama’s final numbers may wind up being slightly better when the last two days are added in to the data.] Obama leaves office with a higher monthly average job approval rating than he has seen since his first honeymoon period. Not only is he now at a higher rate than for his entire second term (including his entire second honeymoon), he’s at a higher point than at any time since the summer of 2009. Obama’s monthly job approval rose a half a point to end up at 54.3 percent. Obama’s monthly job disapproval rating fell an even larger 0.9 percent, to end up at only 41.1 percent. His daily average approval was even more impressive, moving from 53.1 percent at the start of the month to a whopping 57.4 at the end. That’s a jump of 4.3 percent, which Obama hasn’t seen at any time during his second term. His daily average job disapproval fell at a more modest rate, from 41.9 at the start of the month down to 39.3 percent at the end of his term in office. These numbers, again, could even improve when the data from the final two days is posted. Four of the most recent individual polls show why. In two of the polls, Obama registered 62 percent job approval, and in the other two 60 percent. His job disapproval in these polls ranged from 36 percent to 39 percent. That’s a pretty strong finish, folks. Overall Trends Now, almost every outgoing president gets a certain final bounce in the polls, it should be mentioned (in all fairness). Even George W. Bush saw his numbers tick up at the very end (from 25.3 percent approval to 29.3 percent), so this is a normal occurrence. Even so, Obama’s final months in office cap off a pretty spectacular final year in office in the polling. By some measures, Obama is actually doing better the day he leaves office than Dwight D. Eisenhower. That’s pretty impressive, since Eisenhower never once fell below 50 percent job approval for his entire two terms in office. He fluctuated between 50 and 80 percent, setting a record that has yet to be matched by anyone. But in his final months, he was only at 59 percent approval ― lower than those four recent Obama polls. But since we don’t have to pay any attention to future trends (as we normally do in this section), let’s instead take a look at Obama’s performance overall. Since this will be the final installment of the Obama Poll Watch series of columns, I also wanted to include a slightly-annotated version of Obama’s complete chart, which helps mark some important and influential events during Obama’s two terms in office. So here is the same chart as above, with a few notes for context. Barack Obama spent most of his initial political capital getting the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act passed. It was a grueling exercise that all but consumed the first year and a half of his presidency. Right at the end of this period, the BP oil volcano erupted in the Gulf of Mexico, which meant night after night (and week after week) of videos on the news of a situation that was just completely out of anyone’s control. Not exactly the best optics any president hopes for, to put it mildly. This all pushed Obama’s approval rating down below 50 percent, and by the 2010 midterm elections he was “underwater” for the first time, with his disapproval rating higher than approval. An interesting footnote is that no matter what happened at the ballot box, Obama consistently got a clear post-election bounce after every election he presided through. His approval rating jumped upwards after the 2010 Tea Party “shellacking,” and then he got a short-lived boost when the death of Osama Bin Laden was announced. This was followed by another down period, as the Tea Partiers vented their anger from their newly-won congressional seats. Obama’s second presidential campaign was a lot tougher than his first, as throughout 2012 his job approval and disapproval matched up almost perfectly. Finally, towards the end of the summer, Obama did convince a majority of Americans to support him once again, leading to his second post-election bounce ― his “second honeymoon.” This one was a lot shorter and milder than his first, as you can see. He just barely got above 53 percent approval after being re-elected, but then saw his numbers take their deepest dive yet. Which brings us to our final detail chart, showing Obama’s second term with an expanded scale (to better see the trends). [Click on graph to see larger-scale version.] Obama’s numbers tumbled in early 2013, as Congress proved to be as intransigent as ever. By autumn, Obama momentarily seemed to stabilize at around 44 percent approval, but then he got hit with a double-whammy: the weeks-long government shutdown, followed by the disastrous rollout of the HealthCare.gov website. This sent his job approval to the nadir of his entire presidency ― 41.4 percent average monthly approval, and a daily average that even slipped (for a single day) below 40 percent (39.8, on December 2, 2013). Obama would eventually recover from this slump, but it took a very long time and it wasn’t without setbacks. In the first half of 2014, Obama crawled back up to 44 percent approval, only to see it fall right back during the midterm election campaign (which was just as brutal as the 2010 midterm was). However, as noted, Obama has always gotten a nice bounce after all elections, no matter what the results turned out to be. Obama rode this bounce up to around 45 percent approval, where he stayed for a solid year. These weren’t numbers to brag about in any way, but they were decidedly better than what he went through in 2014. Then the 2016 presidential campaign got underway in earnest, and Obama started up a very steep path to a very impressive finish. Since the end of 2015, Obama has gained 10.6 percent in job approval and seen his job disapproval fall by 10.3 percent. That is an amazing year for any president, and it is clear that the closer we got to choosing his replacement, the more the American public decided they were going to miss President Obama. Obama finishes his second term 13.2 percent above water ― better than at any point since July, 2009. While he didn’t match his initial stratospheric ratings (few presidents do), his final year’s numbers seem assured to guarantee his legacy will be remembered fondly by the public. A few final notes are necessary before I close out this eight-year-long column series. First, thanks to everyone who has either been reading from the beginning (the first of these columns ran in March of 2009) or just noticed it recently. When I started writing these, the polling information on the web was nowhere near as accessible as it now is, so I thought I’d do my own poll-tracking, choosing a monthly rolling average “poll of polls” to smooth out the spikes to a readable level. The graphs are pretty amateur, I fully admit, but it has certainly been interesting to track this stuff on a daily basis (as gathering data for the columns forced me to do). I do not intend to put in this level of effort for Donald Trump. Perhaps its my own political bias, or perhaps it is because charts like these are a lot easier to find on the web now, but for whatever reason, I will only occasionally be chiming in on Trump’s ratings. It’s somewhat unfair, but Trump’s current rating of 41.1 percent approval is actually lower than any of Obama’s monthly marks (Obama’s low point was 41.4 percent). That’s a pretty dismal start, but again out of fairness I have to point out that there simply are no “job approval” numbers for Trump yet, because it is impossible for the public to have an opinion on the presidential job he’s doing before he actually takes the oath of office. Personal approval ratings are not the same as job approval ratings, in other words. We’ll see real job approval numbers start to come in for Trump in the next few weeks, and those are really the only measure that is comparable to any other president. But I don’t expect them to improve all that dramatically in a few weeks’ time, personally. My final thought on Obama’s completed job approval chart is that Obama truly lived up to the “No Drama Obama” label. For his entire presidency, his job approval numbers stayed between his initial high of over 63 percent down to his low of 41 percent. That’s actually a very tight range, historically. George W. Bush saw his approval shoot up to over 85 percent (right after 9/11) but then absolutely collapse to a low of 25 percent (a dismal range only Richard Nixon had previously seen). So even though Obama’s final chart has its ups and downs, he actually charted a historically steady course in the public’s view for his entire eight years in office. And Barack Hussein Obama left office exactly as he began ― on a very high note indeed.   [Obama Poll Watch Data:] Sources And Methodology ObamaPollWatch.com is an admittedly amateur effort, but we do try to stay professional when it comes to revealing our sources and methodology. All our source data comes from RealClearPolitics.com; specifically from their daily presidential approval ratings “poll of polls” graphic page. We take their daily numbers, log them, and then average each month’s data into a single number ― which is then shown on our monthly charts here (a “poll of polls of polls,” if you will...). You can read a much-more detailed explanation of our source data and methodology on our “About Obama Poll Watch” page, if you’re interested. Questions or comments? Use the Email Chris page to drop me a private note.   Note: Because this is the final column in this series, I’m providing all the data below for both of Obama’s terms in office, for easy comparison.   Obama’s Second Term Statistical Records MonthlyHighest Monthly Approval ― 12/16 ― 54.3%Lowest Monthly Approval ― 11/13 ― 41.4% Highest Monthly Disapproval ― 12/13 ― 54.0%Lowest Monthly Disapproval ― 12/16 ― 41.1% DailyHighest Daily Approval ― 1/17/17 ― 57.4%Lowest Daily Approval ― 12/2/13 ― 39.8% Highest Daily Disapproval ― 12/2/13 ― 55.9%Lowest Daily Disapproval ― 1/18/17 ― 39.3%   Obama’s First Term Statistical Records MonthlyHighest Monthly Approval ― 2/09 ― 63.4%Lowest Monthly Approval ― 10/11 ― 43.4% Highest Monthly Disapproval ― 9/11, 10/11 ― 51.2%Lowest Monthly Disapproval ― 1/09 ― 19.6% DailyHighest Daily Approval ― 2/15/09 ― 65.5%Lowest Daily Approval ― 10/9/11 ― 42.0% Highest Daily Disapproval ― 8/30/11 ― 53.2%Lowest Daily Disapproval ― 1/29/09 ― 19.3%   Obama’s Second Term Raw Monthly Data [All-time high in bold, all-time low underlined.] Month ― (Approval / Disapproval / Undecided)01/17 ― 54.3 / 41.1 / 4.612/16 ― 53.8 / 42.0 / 4.211/16 ― 52.9 / 44.0 / 3.110/16 ― 51.7 / 45.4 / 2.909/16 ― 50.5 / 46.4 / 3.108/16 ― 51.3 / 44.9 / 3.807/16 ― 49.6 / 46.7 / 3.706/16 ― 50.0 / 46.2 / 3.805/16 ― 48.8 / 47.3 / 3.904/16 ― 48.6 / 47.2 / 4.203/16 ― 48.4 / 47.4 / 4.202/16 ― 46.3 / 49.6 / 4.101/16 ― 45.5 / 50.2 / 4.312/15 ― 43.7 / 51.6 / 4.711/15 ― 44.4 / 51.3 / 4.310/15 ― 45.3 / 50.0 / 4.709/15 ― 45.6 / 50.3 / 4.108/15 ― 44.7 / 50.4 / 4.907/15 ― 45.7 / 50.0 / 4.306/15 ― 44.6 / 50.7 / 4.705/15 ― 45.4 / 50.0 / 4.604/15 ― 45.2 / 49.9 / 4.903/15 ― 44.9 / 50.8 / 4.302/15 ― 45.4 / 50.1 / 4.501/15 ― 44.8 / 50.5 / 4.712/14 ― 42.4 / 52.8 / 4.811/14 ― 42.0 / 53.4 / 4.610/14 ― 42.1 / 53.4 / 4.509/14 ― 41.5 / 53.5 / 5.008/14 ― 41.6 / 53.0 / 5.407/14 ― 41.8 / 53.6 / 4.606/14 ― 42.4 / 53.4 / 4.205/14 ― 44.0 / 51.7 / 4.304/14 ― 43.4 / 52.1 / 4.503/14 ― 42.9 / 52.8 / 4.302/14 ― 43.3 / 52.3 / 4.401/14 ― 42.7 / 52.7 / 4.612/13 ― 41.9 / 54.0 / 4.111/13 ― 41.4 / 53.9 / 4.710/13 ― 44.2 / 50.8 / 5.009/13 ― 43.9 / 50.8 / 5.308/13 ― 44.4 / 50.2 / 5.407/13 ― 45.3 / 49.2 / 5.506/13 ― 46.5 / 48.5 / 5.005/13 ― 48.3 / 46.9 / 4.804/13 ― 48.6 / 46.8 / 4.603/13 ― 48.5 / 46.3 / 5.202/13 ― 51.1 / 43.1 / 5.901/13 ― 52.7 / 42.6 / 4.7   Obama’s First Term Raw Monthly Data Month ― (Approval / Disapproval / Undecided)01/13 ― 52.7 / 42.6 / 4.712/12 ― 53.1 / 42.8 / 4.111/12 ― 50.6 / 46.7 / 2.710/12 ― 49.4 / 47.8 / 2.809/12 ― 49.1 / 47.6 / 3.308/12 ― 47.8 / 48.3 / 3.907/12 ― 47.2 / 48.1 / 4.706/12 ― 47.8 / 47.8 / 4.405/12 ― 48.1 / 47.8 / 4.104/12 ― 47.8 / 47.1 / 5.103/12 ― 47.7 / 47.2 / 5.102/12 ― 48.2 / 47.2 / 4.601/12 ― 46.3 / 48.3 / 5.412/11 ― 45.1 / 49.5 / 5.411/11 ― 44.4 / 50.2 / 5.410/11 ― 43.4 / 51.2 / 5.409/11 ― 43.5 / 51.2 / 5.308/11 ― 43.8 / 50.7 / 5.507/11 ― 46.2 / 47.8 / 6.006/11 ― 48.5 / 46.0 / 5.505/11 ― 51.4 / 43.1 / 5.504/11 ― 46.4 / 48.2 / 5.403/11 ― 48.1 / 46.4 / 5.502/11 ― 49.4 / 44.5 / 6.101/11 ― 48.5 / 45.7 / 5.812/10 ― 45.5 / 48.1 / 6.411/10 ― 45.5 / 49.0 / 5.510/10 ― 45.5 / 49.1 / 5.409/10 ― 45.7 / 49.7 / 4.608/10 ― 45.3 / 49.5 / 5.207/10 ― 46.6 / 47.4 / 6.006/10 ― 47.6 / 46.7 / 5.705/10 ― 48.1 / 45.5 / 6.404/10 ― 47.8 / 46.5 / 5.703/10 ― 48.1 / 46.4 / 5.502/10 ― 47.9 / 46.1 / 6.001/10 ― 49.2 / 45.3 / 5.512/09 ― 49.4 / 44.9 / 5.711/09 ― 51.1 / 43.5 / 5.410/09 ― 52.2 / 41.9 / 5.909/09 ― 52.7 / 42.0 / 5.308/09 ― 52.8 / 40.8 / 6.407/09 ― 56.4 / 38.1 / 5.506/09 ― 59.8 / 33.6 / 6.605/09 ― 61.4 / 31.6 / 7.004/09 ― 61.0 / 30.8 / 8.203/09 ― 60.9 / 29.9 / 9.202/09 ― 63.4 / 24.4 / 12.201/09 ― 63.1 / 19.6 / 17.3   Second Term Column Archives [Dec 16], [Nov 16], [Oct 16], [Sep 16], [Aug 16], [Jul 16], [Jun 16], [May 16], [Apr 16], [Mar 16], [Feb 16], [Jan 16], [Dec 15], [Nov 15], [Oct 15], [Sep 15], [Aug 15], [Jul 15], [Jun 15], [May 15], [Apr 15], [Mar 15], [Feb 15], [Jan 15], [Dec 14], [Nov 14], [Oct 14], [Sep 14], [Aug 14], [Jul 14], [Jun 14], [May 14], [Apr 14], [Mar 14], [Feb 14], [Jan 14], Dec 13], [Nov 13], [Oct 13], Sep 13], [Aug 13], [Jul 13], [Jun 13], [May 13], [Apr 13], [Mar 13], [Feb 13], [Jan 13]   First Term Column Archives [Jan 13], [Dec 12], [Nov 12], [Oct 12], [Sep 12], [Aug 12], [Jul 12], [Jun 12], [May 12], [Apr 12], [Mar 12], [Feb 12], [Jan 12], [Dec 11], [Nov 11], [Oct 11], [Sep 11], [Aug 11], [Jul 11], [Jun 11], [May 11], [Apr 11], [Mar 11], [Feb 11], [Jan 11], [Dec 10], [Nov 10], [Oct 10], [Sep 10], [Aug 10], [Jul 10], [Jun 10], [May 10], [Apr 10], [Mar 10], [Feb 10], [Jan 10], [Dec 09], [Nov 09], [Oct 09], [Sep 09], [Aug 09], [Jul 09], [Jun 09], [May 09], [Apr 09], [Mar 09]   Chris Weigant blogs at: Follow Chris on Twitter: @ChrisWeigantFull archives of OPW columns: ObamaPollWatch.com   -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. 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