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26 апреля, 11:00

Возможно ли смешение рас?

В 1979 году генеральный секретарь ЦК КПСС Леонид Брежнев встретился с премьер-министром Великобритании Маргарет Тэтчер. Тэтчер сказала, что отношения между двумя странами должны улучшиться. Брежнев пошел еще дальше, ответив ей: «Мадам, есть только один важный вопрос, стоящий перед нами: выживет ли белая раса». Джерад Тэйлор «Белое самосознание» [11] Вне зависимости от того, имел ли место […]

15 апреля, 00:46

The President Doesn’t Need a Trump Doctrine

It’s never a good idea for a White House to lock itself into a rigid strategy.

29 марта, 11:12

149 подпроектов проекта МК-Ультра

Уверен, что это очень содержательное чтениеПолное список и описание всех 149 MKULTRA подпроектов тыц (для тех, кто не знает, что это... здесь была заметка). На всякий случай перенесу сюда и в Медиум часть инфыMKULTRA Subproject 1:Isolate and characterize the alkaloids of ipomoea sidalia choisy (Rivea Corymbosa)MORI ID: 17354Contractor: BLACKEDOUTContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: Princeton UniversityYears: 1953 ― 1954CIA Monitor: Robert V. LashbrookMKULTRA Subproject 2: (See Subprojects 124 and 140)Miscellaneous research and testing services in behavioral modification. 1. Study the possible synergistic action of drugs which may be appropriate for use in abolishing consciousness through animal experimentation. 2. Survey of methods to enable the administration of drugs to patients without their knowledge.MORI ID: 17415Contractor: James HamiltonContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocations: Stanford UniversityYears: 1953 ― 1958CIA Monitors: BLACKEBLACKEDOUT, BLACKEBLACKEDOUT, BLACKEBLACKEDOUT, and Robert V. LashbrookMKULTRA Subproject 3: (See Subprojects 16, 42, 132, and 149)Realistic field testing of R&D items of interest to Technical Services Staff. This is the infamous safehouses known as Operation Midnight Climax.MORI ID: 17426Contractor: George White (alias Morgan Hall, “a seaman”)Contractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocations: New York City and San FranciscoYears: 1953 ― 1956CIA Monitors: Sidney Gottlieb, Robert V. Lashbrook, and BLACKEBLACKEDOUT----MKULTRA Subproject 5:Successful demonstration of “potentialities of hypnosis as a tool of the clandestine services”. Research in hypnosis was to determine if: hypnosis could be used as a memory enhancer, a learning aid, a polygraph deceiver, etc. Also,research into susceptibility of certain personality types to hypnosis.MORI ID: 17448Contractor: Alden SearsContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocations: BLACKEBLACKEDOUT, University of Minnesota, University of DenverYears: 1953 ― 1956CIA Monitor: BLACKEBLACKEDOUTCover/Cut-out: Geschickter FundMKULTRA Subproject 6:Develop reliable source of LSD within the United States and assist in the search for additional natural hypnotic products. Previously supplier, Sandoz, based in Switzerland.MORI ID: 17459Contractor: Eli Lilly CompanyContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: Indianapolis, IndianaYears: 1953 ― 1955CIA Monitors: Sidney Gottlieb, BLACKEBLACKEDOUT, Robert V. LashbrookMKULTRA Subproject 7: (See Subprojects 27 and 40)LSD basic research. The studies included the use of LSD in therapy. As far as is known, subjects in this experimentation were witting. Funds are included for the payment of subjects.MORI ID: 17470Contractor: Harold AbramsonContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocations: BLACKEBLACKEDOUT and BLACKEBLACKEDOUTYears: 1952 ― 1956CIA Monitors: Sidney Gottlieb and BLACKEBLACKEDOUTCover/Cut-out: Geschickter Foundation for Medical ResearchMKULTRA Subproject 8: (See subprojects 10, 63 and 66)Study of the biochemical, neurophysiological, sociological, and clinical psychiatric aspects of LSD, and also a study of LSD antagonists and drugs related to LSD, such as L.A.E. (Lysergic Acid Ethylamide). Testing upon human volunteers.MORI ID: 17481Contractor: Robert HydeContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: Worcester Foundation for Biomedical Research, MassachusettsYears: 1953 ― 1955CIA Monitor: Robert V. LashbrookCover/Cut-out: Geschickter Foundation for Medical ResearchMKULTRA Subproject 9:Study various depressant drugs which may more adequately control the maniacal psychotic patient, and test drugs that may help alcoholics and schizophrenics.MORI ID: 17492Contractor: Carl PfeifferContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: Emory University and University of IllinoisYears: 1954 ― 1955CIA Monitors: Sidney Gottlieb and BLACKEBLACKEDOUTCover/Cut-out: Geschickter FundMKULTRA Subproject 10: (See 8, 63 and 66)Study tested and evaluated the effect of LSD and alcohol when administered to individuals falling under various personality categories.MORI ID: 17355Contractor: Robert HydeContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: BLACKEBLACKEDOUTYears: 1952 ― 1957CIA Monitors: Sidney Gottlieb, Robert V. Lashbrook, and Louis deFlorezCover/Cut-out: Geschickter Foundation for Medical ResearchMKULTRA Subproject 11:Developing and stockpiling toxins. Identify and produce in sufficient quantity for experimentation the active ingredients n certain seeds and plants. Preparation of a supply of the toxic protein, Abrin.MORI ID: 17366Contractor: ?Contractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: BLACKEBLACKEDOUTYears: 1953 ― 1955CIA Monitors: Sidney Gottlieb, Robert V. Lashbrook, and BLACKEBLACKEDOUTMKULTRA Subproject 12:Isolate and investigate the chemicals responsible for the biological activities of materia1spresent in the bark of Piscidia Erythrina.MORI ID: 17377Contractor: BLACKEBLACKEDOUTContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: BLACKEBLACKEDOUTYears: 1953 ― 1954CIA Monitors: Sidney Gottlieb and BLACKEBLACKEDOUTMKULTRA Subproject 13: (See subproject 30)Funding of Agency activity at Fort Detrick, Maryland. Petty cash fund for use where proper channels for a given activity will require an undesirable amount of written or oral justification. Expedient purchase of materials.MORI ID: 17388Contractor: BLACKEBLACKEDOUTContractor’s Clearance: ?Location: BLACKEBLACKEDOUT and Fort DetrickYears: 1953 ― 1955CIA Monitors: Sidney Gottlieb, Robert V. Lashbrook, and BLACKEBLACKEDOUTMKULTRA Subproject 14:OPERATION BLACK Payment to the Federal Bureau of Narcotics for the services of George White. Harry Anslinger, Commissioner of Narcotics.MORI ID: 17399Contractors: George H. White, Bureau of NarcoticsContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: New York CityYears: July to November 1953CIA Monitor: Sidney Gottlieb-----MKULTRA Subproject 51:Isolate, characterize and identify naturally occurring compounds with psychogenic properties. Much of this work was done with mushrooms.MORI ID: 17450Contractor: James MonroeContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: University of DelawareYears: 1955 ― 1962CIA Monitors: Sidney Gottlieb, BLACKEBLACKEDOUT, Ray Treichler, and BLACKEBLACKEDOUTMKULTRA Subproject 52:Provided consulting services on procurement and preparation of chemicals for Technical Services Division. Procured botanical specimens, primarilymushrooms, on field trips.MORI ID: 17451Contractor: James MonroeContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: University of DelawareYears: 1958CIA Monitors: Ray Treichler and BLACKEBLACKEDOUTCover/Cut-out: Geschickter FundMKULTRA Subproject 53:Review overt Russian and American pharmacological literature with respect to the problems of Technical Services Division.MORI ID: 17452Contractor: BLACKEBLACKEDOUTContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: BLACKEBLACKEDOUTYears: 1955 ― 1956CIA Monitors: Sidney Gottlieb, Robert Lashbrook, BLACKEBLACKEDOUT, and Dr. Raymond TreichlerMKULTRA Subproject 54:To study the mechanism of brain concussion.MORI ID: 17453Contractor: BLACKEBLACKEDOUT, Office of Naval ResearchContractor’s Clearance: Cleared (unspecified level)Location: ?Years: 1955CIA Monitors: BLACKEBLACKEDOUT and Sidney GottliebCover/Cut-out: Geschickter FundMKULTRA Subproject 55:Discover the pharmacological effects of certain groups of compounds prepared by and associates of the Department of Pathology. Animal tests were conducted.MORI ID: 17454Contractor: BLACKEBLACKEDOUT Professor of Pharmacology,Contractor’s Clearance: UnwittingLocation: ?Years: 1956CIA Monitor: Sidney Gottlieb, Robert Lashbrook, and BLACKEBLACKEDOUTCover/Cut-out: Geschickter FundMKULTRA Subproject 56:Alcohol Research – Determining effectiveness of food in delaying alcohol absorption; effectiveness of sympathominetic drugs in delaying absorption; develop a test of alcohol tolerance.MORI ID: 17455Contractor: BLACKEBLACKEDOUTContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: Stanford University or MedicineYears: 1956 ― 1960CIA Monitors: Robert Lashbrook, Sidney Gottlieb, and BLACKEBLACKEDOUTCover/Cut-out: Geschickter Fund----MKULTRA Subproject 140: (See 2 and 124)Under cover of “Thyroid Research” the project was to design and conduct controlled experiments involving pharmacological and clinical tests on human volunteers.MORI ID: 17400Contractor: James HamiltonContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: St. Francis Memorial Hospital, San FranciscoYears: 1962 ― 1965CIA Monitors: Ray Treichler, BLACKEBLACKEDOUT, and BLACKEBLACKEDOUTCover/Cut-out: Geschickter FundMKULTRA Subproject 141:Not specified.MORI ID: 17401Contractor:Dr. GeschickterContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: Washington, D.C.Years: 1962CIA Monitor: Ray TreichlerCover/Cut-out: Geschickter FundMKULTRA Subproject 142:Biological studies involving electrical brain stimulation of cold-blooded animals. “Some of the uses proposed for these particular animals would involve possible delivery systems for BW/CW agents or for direct executive action-type operations as distinguished from the eavesdropping application.NOTE: BW = Bioweapon CW = Chemical weapon Executive Action = AssassinationMORI ID: 17402Contractor: BLACKEBLACKEDOUTContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: BLACKEBLACKEDOUTYears: 1963 ― 1965CIA Monitors: BLACKEBLACKEDOUT and BLACKEBLACKEDOUTCover/Cut-out: Human Ecology FundMKULTRA Subproject 143:To determine if the growth of microorganisms in petroleum products can be markedly increased by the addition of substatic concentrations of anti-microbial agents. May have wide application to all areas of biological sabotage.MORI ID: 17403Contractor: BLACKEBLACKEDOUTContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: University of HoustonYears: 1963 ― 1964CIA Monitors: Ray Treichler, BLACKEBLACKEDOUT, and Sidney GottliebCover/Cut-out: Geshickter FundMKULTRA Subproject 144:UnknownMORI ID: 17404Contractor: UnknownContractor’s Clearance: UnknownLocation: UnknownYears: 1963CIA Monitor: Ray TreichlerCover/Cut-out: UnknownMKULTRA Subproject 145:UnknownMORI ID: 17405Contractor: UnknownContractor’s Clearance: UnknownLocation: UnknownYears: 1963CIA Monitor: Ray TreichlerCover/Cut-out: UnknownMKULTRA Subproject 146:Provide the services of a plant pathologist to assist in developing a philosophy of limited anticrop warfare. A study was made of sugar cane crop vulnerabilities, on a world-wide basis.MORI ID: 17406Contractor: BLACKEBLACKEDOUTContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: BLACKEBLACKEDOUTYears: 1963 ― 1954CIA Monitors: BLACKEBLACKEDOUT, Sidney Gottlieb, and BLACKEBLACKEDOUTMKULTRA Subproject 147:Cross-tolerance between psychomimetic drug.MORI ID: 17407Contractor: Harris Isbell and BLACKEBLACKEDOUTContractor’s Clearance: ?Location: BLACKEBLACKEDOUTYears: 1963 ― 1964CIA Monitor: Ray TreichlerMKULTRA Subproject 148:To provide a mechanism to utilize the services of BLACKEBLACKEDOUT, a recognized authority in the field of toxicology and pharmacology in support of Technical Services Division activity concerned with influencing animal and human behavior.MORI ID: 17408Contractors: Harold HodgeContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: BLACKEBLACKEDOUTYears: 1963 ― 1964CIA Monitor: Ray TreichlerMKULTRA Subproject 149: (See 3, 16, and 42)Support covert and realistic field tests on certain R&D items of interest to Technical Services Division/Biological Branch.MORI ID: 17409Contractor: George WhiteContractor’s Clearance: TOP SECRETLocation: New York CityYears: 1964 ― 1966CIA Monitors: Ray Treichler and BLACKEBLACKEDOUT

24 марта, 22:05

Remarks by President Trump at Greek Independence Day Celebration

East Room   2:37 P.M. EDT THE PRESIDENT:  I love the Greeks.  Oh, do I love the Greeks.  (Laughter and applause.)  Don’t forget, I come from New York.  That's all I see, is Greeks.  They are all over the place.  (Laughter.)   Thank you very much, Reince.  Very much appreciated.  Reince was the most successful leader the RNC -- that's called the Republican National Committee -- has ever had.  And now, as my really terrific and hardworking Chief of Staff, he has really one of the number-one -- and I guess you'd have to say, he's one of the top Greeks in the country.  And I know a lot of them right in the audience -- they're my friends.  (Applause.)   And the list also includes, as you know, George Gigicos -- (applause) -- George.  George is great.  I said, make sure that microphone is absolutely perfect, George.  He never lets me -- the Director of White House Advance.  And George Sifakis -- (applause) -- where's George?  And these guys are with me right from the beginning -- the Director of the Office of Public Liaison.  It's a great team.  It's a great, great team.  Can't do any better. They helped organize this wonderful event with the Greek Archdiocese of America and so many local parishioners.  And I want to thank you all.  You're here, you're all over the audience.  I want to thank you all. Your Eminence and Father Alex, it is a true privilege to host you at the White House.  I was deeply honored to have you both at my inauguration -- it was a great day -- and I am grateful for your presence here today.  I also want to thank you for awarding Reince and George the highest honor of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America -- the Medal of Saint Paul.  To everyone in the youth choir who just performed -- they were beautiful.  (Applause.)  I heard that music.  I heard that music.   With such elegance and grace, you're amazing -- you really are.  Beautiful, beautiful sounds.  I know you made your parents very proud.  And you make all of us proud, right? Today we commemorate an event that we have marked with a national day of celebration for 30 years:  Greek Independence Day.  Very important.  President Ronald Reagan started this wonderful tradition, and we are thrilled to continue it, and always will.  Greek Independence Day celebrates the rebirth of liberty for the Greek people.  It commemorates the fight for the Greek Independence that began on March 25th, 1821.  After nearly 400 years of outside rule, the Greeks longed to regain their sovereignty. This love of freedom and democracy has formed a lasting bond between our two countries.  It is a bond that has its origins in Ancient Greece -- “the birthplace of Democracy.” American President James Monroe and the great American statesman Daniel Webster both supported Greece’s struggle for independence.  And it was a tough, tough struggle, you know that.  Then-Representative Webster honored the role of Greece in forming civilization, and said that “We, like the rest of mankind, are greatly her debtors.” In years to come, we don’t know what will be required to defend our freedom, but we do know that it will demand great, great courage -- a courage from all of us -- and we will show it, and I have no doubt about that. Drawing inspiration from our history and those who come before, we will rise to any occasion.  We have a country that, as you know, has certain difficulties, has certain problems.  We will solve those problems and we will quickly solve those difficulties.  Just watch.  (Applause.)   I want to thank you all for coming to the White House today.  We celebrate Greek history, and we applaud the tremendous contributions of your people to our beloved country.   May God bless you all.  And with that, I would like to recognize His Eminence.  Thank you very much.  Thank you.  (Applause.)   END 2:42 P.M. EDT

04 марта, 17:18

The Great Town Hall Craze of 1816

The story of the first time Americans turned their backs on Congress—and what today’s GOP can learn from it.

26 февраля, 22:21

Trump Won't Have A State Of The Union -- It'll Be A Trump Address

#45 Trump is not calling his State of the Union Address a State of the Union Address. There’s a few good reasons why. Apart from what Trump calls it, a newly elected president’s first address before Congress and the nation is technically not a State of the Union address. It’s “an address to a joint session.” A President must be in office one year before he gives a State of the Union Address. This makes sense, since it would take that long for a new president to have done anything that he merits discoursing on. Semantics aside, Trump has done everything he can to give the appearance that his presidency will be the most unorthodox, unconventional and precedent shattering of any administration. So, the wonder is he didn’t take it all the way and simply tweet his address. However, Trump, as all newly minted presidents know, will be watched by the biggest audience any politician could ever hope to have watch and listen to them. And presidents take full advantage of the moment, since traditionally, a State of the Union address can boost the stature, prestige and power of their presidency. It can even bump up a president’s approval rating by a point or two. Presidents also know that the opposition’s response to their speech is feeble, pale and little watched or counted by Americans. In some cases, the opposition response can even backfire. This happens when the rebuttal comes across as a mean-spirited, partisan, petty rant against the president. The GOP got deservedly plastered with that charge in just about every rebuttal it gave to Obama’s State Addresses. If Trump stays on script, the odds are that his address won’t do what these addresses are supposed to do, and that is to fine-tune the administration’s policy, draw a roadmap for the nation of where the administration is going, and add luster to the president’s image. Just look at how other Presidents have done that. President James Monroe announced the Monroe Doctrine in 1823. In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln flatly called for the end of slavery in the rebellious states. This was the prelude to the Emancipation Proclamation he issued a year later. Woodrow Wilson warned of the dangers of impending war in 1913. Franklin Roosevelt outlined the famed Four Freedoms in 1941. Lyndon Johnson unveiled the outlines of his Great Society program to fight poverty in 1965. Bill Clinton unveiled his health care reform plan in 1993. George Bush, in his State of the Union speeches in 2002 and 2003, prepped the nation for the Iraq invasion. Presidents quickly latched onto the media to give their State of the Union speech more exposure and political wallop. Calvin Coolidge gave the first radio broadcast in 1923. Truman gave the first televised broadcast in 1947. These were all conventional presidents and politicians who played within the system’s ground rules, respected the traditions of office and gave a nod to bi-partisan country, not party, let alone ego and self, first in their addresses. None of that applies with Trump. He’s picked fights with the Democratic Party leadership, the press, the courts and even some in his own party. His string of accomplishments include trying to gut consumer protection regulations, pecking away at the Affordable Care Act, terrorizing lawful immigrants to the country and loud threats to swiftly send anyone who sets foot in the U.S. without papers back to where they came. When he gets to his signature campaign issues of job creation, health care and tax reform, don’t expect much in the way of details. Instead, Trump will fill up the teleprompter with his stock rhetorical fluff about bringing jobs back to America, whacking down taxes even more for the rich and corporations, and getting rid of Obamacare. There’s also not a lot he can really say about foreign policy besides bluster about making America a military muscleman that strikes fear in friend and foe alike, maybe making China the whipping boy on trade and currency and claiming that he’s got ISIS on the permanent run. The one nation and leader, though that you can bet, will either get short shrift, if not totally missing from Trump’s foreign policy diatribe, will be Russia and Putin. If one counts, Trump almost certainly will smash the Guinness Book of Records for the number of times that he’ll use the pronoun “I” in referencing anything about his presidency and the nation. It will be a case study in how one man sees himself as the all-knowing, always right, fount of personal and political wisdom. There will be no room on his throne to share even a sliver of the limelight with anyone not named D. Trump. In this sense, it can rightly be said that Trump’s non-State of the Union will be an address not of the State of the Union, but the state of Trump. Earl Ofari Hutchinson is an author and political analyst. He is the author of In Scalia’s Shadow: The Trump Supreme Court ( Amazon Kindle). He is an associate editor of New America Media. He is a weekly co-host of the Al Sharpton Show on Radio One. He is the host of the weekly Hutchinson Report on KPFK 90.7 FM Los Angeles and the Pacifica Network. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

23 февраля, 22:30

CSPAN Just Released a New List of America's Best (and Worst) Presidents

Lee Edwards Politics, Where did Obama rank?  Abraham Lincoln, who preserved the Union and ended slavery, is our greatest president while immediate predecessor James Buchanan, who dithered and dallied while war clouds gathered, is the worst of 43 presidents. Ronald Reagan, who ended the Cold War without firing a shot and restored Americans’ confidence in themselves, ranks ninth while Barack Obama, who presided over the slowest economic recovery since World War II and failed to live up to his own transformational expectations, ranks 12th. These are some of the headline findings of C-SPAN’s third survey of historians on presidential leadership, just released. The survey, following one in 2000 and one in 2009, didn’t include Donald Trump, the 44th man to hold the office. Who make up the Top 10 presidents on the Presidential Historians Survey? They are, in descending order: Lincoln, George Washington, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Harry Truman, Thomas Jefferson, John F. Kennedy, Reagan, and Lyndon B. Johnson. Obama followed Woodrow Wilson (at 11) but beat contemporaries Bill Clinton (15) and George W. Bush (33). He also bested James Monroe (13) and James Madison (17). While in general agreement with my fellow historians (I was honored to be among the 91 experts consulted), I take exception in the following instances: Notwithstanding Lincoln’s leadership in the Civil War, Washington should be ranked first. Our first president won the war that secured our liberty. And he made wise executive decisions regarding the number of terms a president should serve, his respect for the checks and balances of the Constitution, and his call for a prudent foreign policy. Although Reagan moved up from 11th to ninth in the latest C-SPAN survey of historians, he belongs in the top five for the reasons I cited earlier plus the lasting economic prosperity sparked by his historic tax cuts. Read full article

20 февраля, 03:23

Weekend Reading: Sidney Blumenthal on John C. Calhoun

**Weekend Reading: Why couldn't any of the awful people whining and sniveling about Yale's renaming of Calhoun College read--or reprint--this? **Sidney Blumenthal** [John C. Calhoun][]: "On his deathbed, Andrew Jackson, reflecting on the dramatic episodes of his presidency, expressed his greatest regret... >...It was that he had not had John...

31 января, 10:27

Патриарх американского империализма

Всем известно, что президенты США Авраам Линкольн и Джон Кеннеди были убиты в результате покушений. Однако мало кому известно, что еще один американский президент-вояка закончил свою жизнь подобным образом: речь идет о 25-м президенте США Уильяме Мак-Кинли.

31 января, 05:36

Патриарх американского империализма

Всем известно, что президенты США Авраам Линкольн и Джон Кеннеди были убиты в результате покушений. Однако мало кому известно, что еще один американский президент-вояка закончил свою жизнь подобным образом: речь идет о 25-м президенте США Уильяме Мак-Кинли.

29 января, 15:27

Trump as the New Andrew Jackson? Not on Old Hickory’s Life

What Jackson was to America in the 19th century, Donald Trump hopes to be in the 21st. Fat chance.

22 января, 06:00

Братство против Лондона

Трудно представить, что были времена, когда Россию и США связывали не просто партнерские, а скорее даже братские отношения. Тем более сложно поверить в это, если знать, насколько разными были партнеры – русский царизм и американская демократия.

20 января, 14:58

Как проходит инаугурация президента США?

​20 января вступает в должность избранный президент США Дональд Трамп.

20 января, 10:30

Факты и истории об инаугурациях президентов США, которые вы не знали

История традиции  Инаугурационная клятва и речь  В соответствии с 1-й главой 2-й статьи Конституции США, единственное, что обязан сделать любой президент для вступления в должность — произнести клятву или торжественное обещание.  Президент и вице-президент обязаны сказать на английском языке следующий текст (в оригинале состоящий из 35 слов):  I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States. (Я торжественно клянусь, что буду добросовестно выполнять обязанности Президента Соединённых Штатов и в полную меру моих сил буду поддерживать, охранять и защищать Конституцию Соединённых Штатов.) Практически все президенты в своей присяге употребляли слово swear (клянусь), хотя конституция допускает также использование глагола affirm (торжественно заявляю). Единственным президентом, воспользовавшимся этой возможностью, стал 14-й президент Франклин Пирс.  Однако всё же традиция инаугурации президента в США предполагает также обязательное наличие программной речи нового президента, которую воспринимают как декларацию принципов новой администрации.  Американские президенты редко занимаются подготовкой речи самостоятельно. Одними из немногих, кто так делал, были Авраам Линкольн, Рузвельт и Уильям Гаррисон. Последний написал самую длинную инаугурационную речь в истории американского президентства, речи двоих других считают образцами для подражания: Линкольна — за великолепный стиль, а Рузвельта — за шутки, которые он вкраплял в торжественную речь.   Как менялось количество слов в инаугурационных обращениях президентов 1789–2013   Помимо Гаррисона довольно длинные речи произносили также Джеймс Монро в 1821 году (4460 слов), Джеймс Полк во время своей второй инаугурации в 1845-м (4800 слов), а также Уильям Тафт в 1909 году (5428 слов). Самые лаконичные речи произнесли Эндрю Джонсон в 1865-м (699 слов), Франклин Рузвельт в 1945-м (558 слов), а также первый американский президент Джордж Вашингтон во время своей второй инаугурации в 1793 году. Эта речь стала самой короткой в истории инаугураций президентов, поскольку состояла лишь из 135 слов. Вашингтон лишь сообщил своим избирателям, что политический курс будет продолжать развиваться в прежнем направлении.

18 января, 12:00

Опыт идеологической работы в США

Деиделогизация постсоветской России осуществлялась со ссылкой на опыт деиделогизированного Запада. Посмотрите на западное общество, призывали российские либералы, его материальное процветание и достигнутый уровень технологического развития является следствием гражданских свобод и отсутствии государственного идеологического диктата. Возник получивший широкое распространение миф о деиделогизированном Западе. Этот миф использовался практически как инструмент десуверенизации России, лишения ее идентичных ценностей и […]

03 декабря 2016, 18:43

TRUMP team leaning on BOB GATES -- TRUMP’s call to Taiwan -- WEEKEND READS -- PATRICK GASPARD's new job -- GO GW -- B’DAY: Robby Mook

Good Saturday morning. There are two GW alumni among us, so: Raise High! GW vs. USF tips at 2 p.m.WHAT’S GATES UP TO? -- Bob Gates didn’t think much of Donald Trump during the campaign. He penned an op-ed blasting the candidate as unfit for office. But for the last two days, Trump’s inner circle has met with and consulted Gates, one of the few true bipartisan wise men still around. On Friday, Trump himself spoke to Gates. We don’t expect Gates will take a job in the administration. But crazier things have happened. Gates’ book is called “Duty,” and service is his kryptonite. Whatever happens, Gates has been in Trump Tower for two days in a row, and the next president’s inner circle is clearly relying on him for critical advice -- and that itself is noteworthy.-- “Petraeus’s Sunday Hail Mary: The former CIA director heads into interview facing obstacles to his secretary of state nomination,” by Ken Vogel, Eliana Johnson and Daniel Lippman: “David Petraeus’s performance on a Sunday talk show is shaping up as a high-stakes test of how he’d handle mounting concerns about his prospective nomination to be secretary of state ... Trump’s team will closely review Petraeus’s appearance on ABC’s ‘This Week with George Stephanopoulos’ to see how he handles questions about his past that are bogging down his prospects for nomination and could prevent his confirmation ... The retired general and former CIA director cleared the appearance with Trump’s team before committing to it ... [and] Petraeus’s advisers see it as a good opportunity for him to prove that he can deftly handle any questions that senators might raise during confirmation hearings.” http://politi.co/2gkKuMg--MICHAEL O’HANLON in The National Interest, “The Case for David Petraeus as Secretary of State” http://bit.ly/2fW5fwPTHE CALL -- “Trump speaks with Taiwanese president, a major break with decades of U.S. policy on China,” by WaPo’s Anne Gearan: “President-elect Donald Trump spoke Friday with Taiwan’s president, a major departure from decades of U.S. policy in Asia and a breach of diplomatic protocol with ramifications for the incoming president’s relations with China. The call is the first known contact between a U.S. president or president-elect with a Taiwanese leader since before the United States broke diplomatic relations with the island in 1979. China considers Taiwan a province, and news of the official outreach by Trump is likely to infuriate the regional military and economic power.“The exchange is one of a string of unorthodox conversations with foreign leaders that Trump has held since his election. It comes at a particularly tense time between China and Taiwan, which earlier this year elected a president, ­­­Tsai Ing-wen, who has not endorsed the notion of a unified China. Her election angered Beijing to the point of cutting off all official communication with the island government. It is not clear whether Trump intends a more formal shift in U.S. relations with Taiwan or China. On the call, Trump and Tsai congratulated each other on winning their elections, a statement from Trump’s transition office said.” http://wapo.st/2fSAiOI-- THE LATEST: “China said it had lodged a formal complaint with the U.S., and Taiwan urged China to stay calm a day after Mr. Trump broke diplomatic protocol by speaking by phone with Taiwan’s leader. ‘We must point out, there’s is only one China in the world and Taiwan is an inseparable part of Chinese territory,’ read a statement posted on the Chinese Foreign Ministry’s website Saturday afternoon.” http://on.wsj.com/2fSD1HV-- MICHAEL CROWLEY: “Bull in a China shop: Trump risks diplomatic blowup in Asia” http://politi.co/2gSUtJA--NYT’s Mark Landler and David Sanger: “Newspapers in Taiwan reported last month that a Trump Organization representative had visited the country, expressing interest in perhaps developing a hotel project adjacent to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, which is undergoing a major expansion. ... A spokeswoman for the Trump Organization, Amanda Miller, said that the company had ‘no plans for expansion into Taiwan,’ and that there had been no ‘authorized visits’ to the country to push a Trump development project. But Ms. Miller did not dispute that Anne-Marie Donoghue, a sales manager overseeing Asia for Trump Hotels, had visited Taiwan in October, a trip that Ms. Donoghue recorded on her Facebook page.” http://nyti.ms/2gRUtfn ... See Facebook screenshots of Donoghue talking about her visit http://bit.ly/2h55Jp8 (h/t a tweet from @EricLiptonNYT: http://bit.ly/2h5eZcY)-- @realDonaldTrump at 7:44 p.m.: “The President of Taiwan CALLED ME today to wish me congratulations on winning the Presidency. Thank you!” … at 8:41 p.m.: “Interesting how the U.S. sells Taiwan billions of dollars of military equipment but I should not accept a congratulatory call.”--Edward Wong (@comradewong): “Chinese diplomats told me before election they thought Trump’s brazen words were just an act. They assumed he would be ‘normal’ if elected.” … @davidfrum: “What the media doesn’t get is that while other people are playing checkers, Trump is playing Russian roulette.” … @AriFleischer: “Uh-oh. I wasn't even allowed to refer to the gvt ‘of’ Taiwan. (I could say gvt ‘on’ Taiwan.) China will go nuts. …. In summit meetings w China, Chinese leaders began by asking potus to restate one-China policy. Trump is changing how we do business w China. … Don’t misinterpret what I’m saying. So long as Trump called knowing it would change the status quo, I’m fine w it. I hope it was by design.”PAGING MIKE PENCE -- @realDonaldTrump at 10:06 p.m.: “Rexnord of Indiana is moving to Mexico and rather viciously firing all of its 300 workers. This is happening all over our country. No more!”COMING ATTRACTIONS -- “Philippines’ Duterte gets Trump White House invite during ‘animated’ call,” by Reuters’ Martin Petty in Manila and David Brunnstrom in DC: “Trump invited Philippines leader Rodrigo Duterte to the White House next year during a ‘very engaging, animated’ phone conversation, a Duterte aide said on Friday, amid rocky relations between their two countries. A statement issued by Trump's transition team, however, made no mention of an invitation. ... Duterte has praised China and told Obama to ‘go to hell’ and called him a ‘son of a bitch’ whom he would humiliate if he visited the Philippines. The anger was unleashed after Democrat Obama expressed concern about possible human rights abuses in Duterte’s war on drugs, during which more than 2,000 people have been killed.” https://yhoo.it/2gMhWvBTHE FIRST DAUGHTER -- “Will Ivanka Trump Be the Most Powerful First Daughter in History?” by Alessandra Stanley and Jacob Bernstein, on the cover of NYT’s Sunday Styles: “When Nancy Pelosi, the minority leader of the House of Representatives, called Donald J. Trump shortly after the Nov. 8 election, they talked about domestic policy and infrastructure. But when Ms. Pelosi raised the specific subject of women’s issues, the president-elect did something unexpected: He handed the phone over to another person in the room -- his 35-year-old daughter, Ivanka. Around the same time, Sheryl Sandberg, the chief operating officer of Facebook and the author of the best-selling women’s empowerment book ‘Lean In,’ reached out to Ms. Trump, hoping to begin what aides from both sides described as ‘a dialogue.’ ...“Even Leonardo DiCaprio has weighed in. The Oscar-winning actor recently met with Ms. Trump privately and gave her a copy of his climate change documentary, ‘Before the Flood,’ according to aides to both people. … The Hollywood mogul David Geffen, a longtime supporter of Democratic candidates, said he has a fondness for Ms. Trump and Mr. Kushner, even though he did not vote for her father in the election. ‘I’ve known Ivanka and Jared for years,’ he said. ‘She’s a lovely, intelligent woman, and Jared has been a loyal son-in-law. Trump depends on him. He’s a very smart guy. Is he a genius? No, but guess what: The geniuses all lost.’” http://nyti.ms/2gyMof5FUTURE OF OBAMACARE -- NYT, A1: “G.O.P. Plans Immediate Repeal of Health Law, Then a Delay,” by Robert Pear, Jennifer Steinhauer and Thomas Kaplan: “Republicans in Congress plan to move almost immediately next month to repeal the Affordable Care Act, as President-elect Donald J. Trump promised. But they also are likely to delay the effective date so that they have several years to phase out President Obama’s signature achievement. This emerging ‘repeal and delay’ strategy, which Speaker Paul D. Ryan discussed this week with Vice President-elect Mike Pence, underscores a growing recognition that replacing the health care law will be technically complicated and could be politically explosive.” http://nyti.ms/2g4EREl-- WE’VE been on the Obamacare-repeal-will-take-some-time bandwagon for a while. Republicans are going to take years to fully repeal and replace the law. But Trump and Congress will have to do something on Day One to show he’s taking his campaign promise to get rid of the law seriously.DNC RACE -- “Dean’s drop-out reshapes DNC chair fight: Once thought to be the favorite, Minnesota Congressman Keith Ellison faces resistance,” by Gabriel Debenedetti in Denver: “Keith Ellison came to Colorado seeking to cement his position as the front-runner for [DNC] chairman. But the Minnesota congressman ended the week in worse shape than when it started. Just hours after Ellison’s role as the favorite was thrown into question by a stinging condemnation of his past statements about Israel by the Anti-Defamation League -- a move Ellison and his allies vigorously rebutted -- former Chairman Howard Dean dropped his comeback bid and bowed out of the race, scrambling an already complicated contest.“The three remaining announced candidates for the chairmanship -- Ellison, New Hampshire Democratic Party Chairman Raymond Buckley, and South Carolina Democratic Party Chairman Jaime Harrison -- spoke to state party officials from across the country for nearly two-and-a-half hours here at the Association of State Democratic Chairs meeting, exhaustively laying out their hopes for a rejuvenated party in displays that appeared to leave the DNC membership just as unsure of its next leader’s identity as when it entered the room. The result is a race that’s even more of a muddle, with the likelihood of additional candidates jumping in prior to February’s vote. Ellison himself appeared to recognize his tenuous position, and pledged in his strongest terms yet to consider giving up his House seat if he gets the chair’s role. He pleaded with attendees to keep an open mind as he insisted the DNC would be his top priority, while the other candidates -- and Dean, in his pre-recorded video -- insisted over and over that the decimated party needs a full-time chair.” http://politi.co/2gYHXqHINSTAPIC DU JOUR – From a Burlington bakery’s Instagram: former Gov. Howard Dean eating with current VT Gov. Peter Shumlin -- (with a bottle of San Pellegrino on the table) http://bit.ly/2g4791tTHE NEXT TREASURY SECRETARY -- “Trump voter lost home, blames incoming Treasury secretary,” by AP’s Josh Boak and Jeff Horowitz: “When Donald Trump named his Treasury secretary, Teena Colebrook felt her heart sink. She had voted for the president-elect on the belief that he would knock the moneyed elites from their perch in Washington. And she knew Trump’s pick for Treasury — Steven Mnuchin — all too well. OneWest, a bank formerly owned by a group of investors headed by Mnuchin, had foreclosed on her Los Angeles-area home in the aftermath of the Great Recession, stripping her of the two units she rented as a primary source of income. ‘I just wish that I had not voted,’ said Colebrook, 59. ‘I have no faith in our government anymore at all. They all promise you the world at the end of a stick and take it away once they get in.’” http://apne.ws/2gLR0w2-- “Trump, Cabinet could avoid millions in taxes thanks to this little-known law,” by WaPo’s Drew Harwell: “President-elect Donald Trump’s ultra-wealthy Cabinet nominees will be able to avoid paying millions of dollars in taxes in the coming weeks when they sell some of their holdings to avoid conflicts of interest in their new positions. ... The benefit is one of the more subtle ways that the millionaires and billionaires of Trump’s White House, which already will be the wealthiest administration in modern American history, could benefit financially from their transition into the nation’s halls of power. ... People who sell company stock typically have to pay taxes on any profits, known as capital gains. But the divestiture benefit allows officials to skip that tax bill, as long as they reinvest the gains into assets where conflicts are less likely, such as U.S. Treasury bonds or diversified mutual funds.” http://wapo.st/2h4Zth8GOTHAM READ -- “The Scourge of Racial Bias in New York State’s Prisons: A New York Times investigation draws on nearly 60,000 disciplinary cases from state prisons and interviews with inmates to explore the system’s inequalities and the ripple effect these can have,” by Michael Schwirtz, Michael Winerip and Robert Gebeloff. http://nyti.ms/2gYVgaMCLICKER – “This Muslim Comedian Sat Next To Donald Trump’s Son On A Plane To Scotland,” by BuzzFeed’s Aisha Gani: “Mo Amer ... an Arab-American standup comedian who was on his way to Scotland ... found himself sitting next to Eric Trump on his flight. [Amer told Eric:] ‘You gonna really make my people get ID cards and all this?’ ... in reference to a proposed registry for immigrants from Muslim countries ... Amer said that Trump replied: ‘Ah, come on, man. You can’t believe everything you read. Do you really think we’re gonna do that?’ He told Trump he thought his father had played the media like a fiddle, and knew the tricks inside that ‘created this firestorm’, and how it had “worked out lovely’, to which he said Trump replied: ‘Yeah you’re absolutely right.’” http://bzfd.it/2gSXBW6WHAT SENATE REPUBLICANS ARE READING -- “Clinton allies plot anti-Trump movement: ‘We’re going to throw everything at him that he threw at us,’ said one longtime Democratic operative,” by Glenn Thrush and Nolan McCaskill. http://politi.co/2gYMTMv-- REPUBLICANS WANT TO KNOW: Is this the same or worse than Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) saying his top priority was to make Obama a one-term president?WHITE HOUSE NORTH -- “Secret Service faces massive bill for protecting Trump,” by Sarah Wheaton: “Protecting Donald Trump and his family will involve unprecedented costs for taxpayers. But federal and New York City officials are dismissing speculation about sky-scraping expenses. The Secret Service renting a floor or two of Trump Tower for as much as $3 million a year? Not happening, the agency says. New York City paying a million dollars a day to protect the first family? ‘Inaccurate and unconfirmed,’ said a spokesman for Mayor Bill De Blasio. ... The biggest variable, Secret Service veterans say, is how much time Trump himself will actually spend in New York.” http://politi.co/2gYzggl TELLING ANECDOTE – Foreign Policy’s Tom Ricks: “I find myself this week having serious talks with friends who have been approached to work for Trump in national security positions. (Apparently you have to swear that you didn’t sign a ‘Never Trump’ letter, and also maybe promise not to spill beans after you leave.) It’s a surprisingly hard decision. They have friends who are still in uniform and can’t just leave the military. ... You can’t just abandon the people who are stuck. Even worse are people in the government who would like to leave but feel they can’t, with mortgages pending in Fairfax or Annapolis and kids in college. As one guy wrote to me this week, ‘I am sorry but I can’t afford to live up to my principles.’ What a soul-crushing thought.” http://atfp.co/2h55j21PLAYBOOK I.R.L. – Two inaugural parade stands are being built right outside the White House on Pennsylvania Avenue – see them in a pic taken earlier this week: http://bit.ly/2gPyVxzWEST COAST WATCH -- “To Stop Trump’s Immigration Funding Threat, L.A. Should Turn The Tables On States’ Rights Litigation,” by Adam Sieff in LAist: “Thanks to an arcane constitutional rule that protects states’ rights known as the ‘anti-commandeering doctrine,’ Los Angeles can and should sue the federal government if it tries to force the city’s hand.” http://bit.ly/2fW8l3FGET SMART FAST – CHRISTOPHER CALDWELL on the N.Y. Times Sunday Review cover, “What the Alt-Right Really Means”: “Mr. Trump’s success is bound to embolden other dissenters. This could mean a political climate in which reservations about such multiculturalist policies as affirmative action are voiced more strenuously. It could mean a rise in racial conflict and a platform for alarming movements like [Richard] Spencer’s.’ ...“Likewise, the common alt-right slur ‘cuckservative,’ a portmanteau combining cuckold and conservative, is not just a colorful way of saying that establishment conservatives have been unmanly. According to Matthew Tait, a young ex-member of the far-right British National Party, the metaphor has a precise ornithological meaning. Like the reed-warbler hatching eggs that a cuckoo (from which the word ‘cuckold’ comes) has dropped into its nest, cuckservatives are raising the offspring of their foes.” http://nyti.ms/2gSY9LpHAPPENING TODAY – “Today the delegates attending the Fortune/Time Global Forum in Rome had a special audience at the Vatican with His Holiness Pope Francis. The Forum is convening select global Fortune 500 CEOs, members of the Time 100 and non-profit, academic, religious and labor leaders to address the need for a global economic system that both encourages growth and spreads its benefits more broadly.”The conference is led by Alan Murray and Nancy Gibbs while Time Inc. president and CEO Rich Battista gave opening remarks. Participants include: Cherie Blair, Dominic Barton, Richard Branson, Hernando de Soto, Lynn Forester de Rothschild, Mo Ibrahim, Declan Kelly, Nicholas Kristof, David Miliband, Jorge Ramos, Judith Rodin, Ginni Rometty, Charlie Rose, Martin Sorrell, Lawrence Summers. What the Pope told the conference’s attendees http://for.tn/2fSs751WHAT BEKAH MERCER IS READING -- “Trump ‘Villains and Heroes’ to Mingle at Annual Mercer Costume Party,” by Bloomberg’s Zachary Mider: “Each Christmas season since 2009, the Mercer family’s costume party on Long Island has been the subject of awed gossip in Republican circles. [Tonight’s] ticket will be more coveted than ever. … The theme of this year’s party is ‘Villains and Heroes’ -- appropriate, perhaps, for a year in which the Mercers described the presidential contest as offering an ‘apocalyptic choice’ in which only a Trump victory could save the nation. An invitation seen by Bloomberg News features a sword-wielding centurion crouching in an ancient ruin, facing down a serpent-haired Medusa.” http://bloom.bg/2ggGXhQMEDIAWATCH -- For the last regular episode of “With All Due Respect,” which aired yesterday, Bloomberg Politics asked some people who have been fans of the show to share their thoughts on the past two years -- Jeff Goldblum, Jeff Daniels, Julianne Moore, Adam Scott, and Savannah Guthrie. Script written by Matt Negrin. http://bit.ly/2fS4LMK-- “BuzzFeed Names Fake News Expert Craig Silverman Its First Media Editor,” by Fortune’s Matthew Ingram: http://for.tn/2guRQ2CCLICKER – “The nation’s cartoonists on the week in politics,” edited by Matt Wuerker – 17 cartoons: http://politi.co/2h4KHXZGREAT WEEKEND READS, curated by Daniel Lippman:--“The Last Diplomat,” by Adam Entous and Devlin Barrett in WSJ: “As Robin Raphel worked for the State Department in Pakistan, her brand of traditional diplomacy ran into the new realities of covert surveillance. The collision turned her life upside down.” http://on.wsj.com/2gyBjdX--“The Attorney Fighting Revenge Porn,” by The New Yorker’s Margaret Talbot: “Carrie Goldberg is a pioneer in the field of sexual privacy, using the law to defend victims of hacking, leaking, and other online assaults.” http://bit.ly/2gRxgK8--“The New Intellectuals,” by Evan R. Goldstein in the Chronicle of Higher Education: “Is the academic jobs crisis a boon to public culture?” http://bit.ly/2g44O6V (h/t ALDaily.com)--“What I Learned Binge-Watching Steve Bannon’s Documentaries,” by Adam Wren in Politico Magazine: “He has the next president’s ear. Here’s what 13 hours and 11 minutes of fever-dream conservative viewing says about his dark worldview.” http://politi.co/2gYo4jG--“Digital Pimps or Fearless Publishers?” by Kate Knibbs in The Ringer: “The owners of Village Voice Media gamed the online classified business with Backpage.com and made millions. But when it became a breeding ground for child rape, the publishers became something else: defendants.” http://bit.ly/2g43PUd (h/t Longform.org)--“The End of the Anglo-American Order,” by Ian Buruma in the N.Y. Times Magazine: “For decades, the United States and Britain’s vision of democracy and freedom defined the postwar world. What will happen in an age of Donald Trump and Nigel Farage?” http://nyti.ms/2h4P6dn--“The Yankee Comandante,” by David Grann in the May 28, 2012 issue of The New Yorker: “A story of love, revolution, and betrayal” in Cuba. http://bit.ly/2gLMDkH--“The Need to Read,” by Will Schwalbe in WSJ: “Reading books remains one of the best ways to engage with the world, become a better person and understand life’s questions, big and small”. http://on.wsj.com/2gyypGf--“Hidebound: The Grisly Invention of Parchment,” by Keith Houston in a Longreads excerpt of “The Book: A Cover-to-Cover Exploration of the Most Powerful Object of Our Time”: “While most of the Old World was writing on papyrus, bamboo, and silk, Europe carved its own gruesome path through the history books.” http://bit.ly/2g42Z9Y ... $17.82 on Amazon http://amzn.to/2fW5O9G--“The Tiger of Mysore,” by Zareer Masani on HistoryToday.com: Tipu Sultan’s “huge household, comprising 12 sons, eight daughters, a harem of 600 and several thousand dependents, was generously pensioned off and comfortably housed by the East India Company, first at Vellore, near Madras, and later at Calcutta.” http://bit.ly/2h4Wo0w--“Garry Kasparov Says ‘It’s a Fact Russia Helped Trump,’” by Alexander Bisley in Playboy: “Yes, the Putin regime will fall. The collapse of the regime will lead to the collapse of the country.” http://bit.ly/2fZhJaa --“Simmons vs. Gladwell: The Future of Football,” by Bill Simmons and Malcolm Gladwell on The Ringer: “Sagging ratings, national controversy, horrifying head injuries, shameless greed: The conversation about the NFL has officially changed. Is it too late to fix it?” http://bit.ly/2fW3W0x (h/t TheBrowser.com)SPOTTED: Minnesota Rep. Keith Ellison in first class on yesterday’s 8:25 a.m. Detroit to Denver Delta flight on his way to a meeting of state Democratic Party chairs ... Former NY Gov. George Pataki having drinks last night at the Trump hotel in D.C. with Washington State GOP chair Susan Hutchison and her husband Andy -- Fox News’ James Rosen dropped by to say hi … Iowa Gov. Terry Branstad at Dulles Airport late morning yesterday ... Josh Goldberg, a FCC and Boeing alum, at Medium Rare on Capitol Hill celebrating his early graduation from Georgetown with family and friends … Eric Lesser and PG Sittenfield yesterday at the Renaissance hotel on 9th St. at the NewDEAL conference of progressive “pro-growth” local and state Dems.PRESIDENT’S WEEK AHEAD: “On Monday, the President will attend meetings at the White House. On Tuesday, the President will travel to Tampa, Florida, where he will meet with active duty service members at MacDill Air Force Base, the home of the U.S. Special Operations Command and U.S. Central Command. While in Tampa, the President will deliver remarks on the counterterrorism campaign and meet with uniformed leadership from both commands.“On Wednesday, the President will attend meetings at the White House. On Thursday, the President and the First Lady will attend the Congressional Ball at the White House. On Friday, the President will attend meetings at the White House.”TRANSITIONS – PATRICK GASPARD named VP of the Open Society Foundations: “Gaspard, the U.S. ambassador to South Africa and former senior advisor to President Obama, will join the philanthropy as vice president of programs starting January 9, 2017. Ambassador Gaspard will oversee the Open Society Foundations’ advocacy work in Washington and Brussels, as well as provide strategic direction and oversight to the organization’s programmatic agenda. He will take on a public role to advance the network’s mission, strategies, and activities.” https://osf.to/2gLUEWOOUT AND ABOUT: Friends of Jack and Susanna Quinn gathered at their house last night to celebrate their 10th anniversary, dining on a heart-shaped beet and goat cheese gateau and Maine lobster tail and grilled tenderloin of beef. One highlight of the night was the screening of a video that Patrick Gavin produced and Dana Bash anchored of the Quinns’ friends saying funny and nice things about the couple, with Rob Lowe making a cameo. Rep. Joe Crowley (D-NY) also sang a love song he had written originally for his wife. Every guest got M&Ms with a picture of the couple on every M&M. Pic of Jack and Susanna http://bit.ly/2h56SNF ... The cake http://bit.ly/2gyWjBa--SPOTTED: Brianna Keilar, Kevin Madden, Ed and Shirley Henry, Stephanie Cutter, Rep. Jared Polis, Dana Bash and Spencer Garrett, Nancy Cordes, Patrick Gavin, Allen Gannett and Trevor Faden, Alex Wirth, Jim Sciutto and Gloria Riviera, Bill McQuillen and Amy Argetsinger, Marc Adelman, Elizabeth Thorp, Virginia Coyne, Meredith Balenske, Tony Powell.--Friends and family toasted NBC News White House correspondent Kristen Welker and fiance John Hughes at an engagement party last night thrown by Chuck Todd and wife Kristian at the historic Decatur House downtown. The last time an engagement party was held in the Decatur House was in 1818 by Susan and Stephen Decatur for President James Monroe’s daughter. SPOTTED: Andrea Mitchell, Alan Greenspan, Pete Williams, Dana Bash, Peter Alexander, Olivia Petersen, Alison Starling, Mary Bruce, Carol Lee, Brianna Keilar, Shawna Thomas.SPOTTED at Steve Rochlin and Christina Sevilla’s “Holiday Splash” Friday night: Indira Lakshmanan and Dermot Tatlow, Garance Franke-Ruta, Mike Isikoff and Mary Ann Akers, Ben Chang, Rodell and Sheena Arora, David Corn, Tom Toles, Nancy Trejos, Mieke Eoyang, Peter Cherukuri, Juliet Eilperin, Jay Newton Small, Jonathan Swan, Nurith Aizenman, Nihal Krishan, Eric Schmitt, Nova Daly, Amb. Abdulwahab al-Hajjri.BIRTHWEEK (was yesterday): Mina Moore of Glover Park Group (h/ts Jas Sajjan and Saat Alety)BIRTHDAYS: Robby Mook, the pride of Norwich, Vermont … The White House’s Jesse Lee ... Politico Florida’s Bruce Ritchie ... Eleanor Schiff ... Mike Inacay, Sen. Brian Schatz’s comms director ... Katelyn Rieley Johnson (hubby tip: Benny Johnson) ... Ali Zelenko, SVP of NBC News PR (h/ts Erika Masonhall and Maggie Steenland) ... WashPost’s Scott Higham ... Jacqueline Quasney, director of brand and comms at Personal Capital and an ABC News and Politico alum ... Elizabeth Edelman, VP of biz development and strategic partnerships at Global Citizen and a Romney alum ... Bill Sternberg, editorial page editor of USA Today, is 6-0 ... Jamie Carroll — Bush White House, Obama State Department, Embassy Islamabad and Jeb! alum ... Washington Institute’s Jamie Sherman (h/t Ian Byrne) ... Katherine Klein, vice dean of the Wharton Social Impact Initiative and professor of management (h/t Jon Haber) ... Margaret Mulkerrin, a press assistant at Treasury, is 24 (h/t McCauley Mateja) ... NYT biz reporter Diane Cardwell ... Angelica Brantley ... journalist Kevin Baron ... Aron Goldman is 46 ... Robert Pondiscio ...… Bill Tighe, COS for Rep. Tom Marino (R-Pa.), is 39 ... former Rep. Ralph Regula (R-Ohio) is 92 ... Rep. Jim Renacci (R-Ohio) is 58 ... Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-Tex.) is 81 ... former Rep. Asa Hutchinson (R-Ark.) is 66 ... former Rep. Stephanie Herseth Sandler (D-SD) is 46 … Matthew Flaherty ... Amanda Critchfield, corporate comms. manager, legal and gov’t relations at SunTrust and a Mike Crapo alum (h/t Katie Niederee) ... Neal Ungerleider ... CQ-Roll Call VP David Meyers ... Lance Trover … Let Freedom Ring USA president Colin Hanna ... Brookings alum Chris Kelaher, senior acquisitions editor for APA Books at the American Psychological Association ... Rich McFadden ... Miles Doran, associate producer for “60 Minutes” … Tom Oppel … John Toohey … Greg Everts … Francie Phelps (h/ts Teresa Vilmain) ... movie director Jean-Luc Godard is 86 … Ozzy Osbourne is 68 … Daryl Hannah is 56 … Julianne Moore is 56 ... Amanda Seyfried is 31 (h/ts AP)THE SHOWS, by @MattMackowiak filing from Austin, en route to Pittsburgh to see the Penguins vs. Red Wings tonight, the Steelers vs. the Giants tomorrow and Grandma Margaret Mackowiak all weekend:--NBC’s “Meet the Press”: Vice President-elect Mike Pence. Panel: Amy Walter Andrea Mitchell, Heather McGhee and Rich Lowry--ABC’s “This Week”: Mike Pence … Gen. David Petraeus (Ret.). Panel: David Axelrod, Alex Castellanos, Matthew Dowd and Sara Fagen--CBS’s “Face the Nation”: Reince Priebus … Leon Panetta … Newt Gingrich … House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.). Panel: Susan Page, NPR’s Audie Cornish, Dan Balz and Reihan Salam--“Fox News Sunday”: Kellyanne Conway … Dr. Jill Stein. Panel: Kimberley Strassel, Lisa Lerer, Monica Crowley and Juan Williams. “Power Player of the Week” segment with Warrior Canine Connection founder Rick Yount--Fox News’ “Sunday Morning Futures” (10 a.m. ET / 9 a.m. CT): House Republican Conference Chairman Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-Wash.) … Rep. Jeb Hensarling (R-Texas) … Gen. Keith Alexander (U.S. Army, Ret.). Panel: Ed Rollins, Julie Roginsky and former NFL player and The Brewer Group’s Jack Brewer--Fox News’ “MediaBuzz” (SUN 11 a.m. ET / 10 a.m. CT): Erin McPike … Sarah Isgur Flores … Michael Tomasky … Mike Huckabee … Susan Ferrechio … the University of Maryland’s Mark Feldstein … Charlie Gasparino--CNN’s “Inside Politics” with John King (SUN 8 a.m. ET): Panel: Julie Pace, Jonathan Martin, Abby Phillip and Jeff Zeleny--CNN’s “State of the Union” (9 a.m. ET / 12 p.m. ET): Kellyanne Conway and Robby Mook from the Harvard Kennedy School’s Institute of Politics forum--CNN’s “Reliable Sources”: (SUN 11 a.m. ET): Panel: Salena Zito, John Huey, Frank Sesno and David Zurawik … Amy Goodman … Van Jones--Univision’s “Al Punto” (SUN 10 a.m. ET / 1 p.m. PT): Antonio Villaraigosa … Univision News’ Blanca Rosa Vilchez … Fidel Castro’s (estranged and exiled) sister Juanita Castro … author and journalist Anabel Hernández (“La Verdadera Noche de Iguala”) … actor Diego Luna---C-SPAN: “The Communicators” (SAT 6:30 p.m. ET): Georgetown University Law Center’s Paul Ohm, questioned by Reuters’ Dustin Volz … “Newsmakers” (SUN 10 a.m. ET): Bob Goodlatte and John Conyers, questioned by WaPo’s Kimbriell Kelly and AP’s Jesse Holland … “Q&A”(SUN 8 p.m. and 11 p.m. ET): Author, historian and Huntington Library Fellow Ronald C. White (“American Ulysses: A Life of Ulysses S. Grant”)

28 ноября 2016, 12:01

Фидель Кастро: "История меня оправдает"

О смерти своего брата Рауль Кастро, действующий президент Кубы, сообщил по государственному телевидению. Президент Кубы заявил о том, что тело Фиделя в соответствии с его волей будет кремировано.

26 ноября 2016, 23:55

Фидель Кастро: "История меня оправдает"

Лидер кубинской революции Фидель Кастро, скончавшийся на 91 году жизни, останется в истории как один из наиболее ярких и сильных лидеров XX века.

26 ноября 2016, 23:55

Фидель Кастро: "История меня оправдает"

Лидер кубинской революции Фидель Кастро, скончавшийся на 91 году жизни, останется в истории как один из наиболее ярких и сильных лидеров XX века.

17 ноября 2016, 17:01

Морзе - изобретатель или художник?

Имя Сэмюэла Морзе всем знакомо благодаря его самому известному открытию – знаменитой азбуке, названной в честь изобретателя. Однако мало кто знает о том, что Морзе был еще и художником, к тому же основателем и президентом Национальной академии рисунка в Нью-Йорке. Впрочем, об эстетической ценности его работ искусствоведы высказывали весьма противоречивые отзывы, так же, как ученые – о значении его изобретений.Кем же он был на самом деле – художником, изобретателем или талантливым авантюристом?С. Морзе. Автопортрет, 1818. ФрагментСэмюэл Финли Бриз Морзе родился в Америке, в семье проповедника. Свою первую серьезную работу Сэмюэл создал в 14 лет – он тогда написал удачный семейный портрет, а немного позже – картину «Высадка паломников» о прибытии первых поселенцев в Америку. Это полотно привлекло внимание известного в те времена художника В. Олстона, который предложил юноше отправиться вместе с ним в Англию для изучения живописи. Родители Сэмюэла не одобряли этих занятий, но поездке не препятствовали. И в 1811 г., в возрасте 20 лет Сэмюэл Морзе начал изучать живопись в Королевской академии.С. Морзе. Высадка паломниковС. Морзе. Слева – *Умирающий Геркулес*. Справа – *Суд Юпитера*Во время учебы в Академии Морзе создал две значительные работы – «Умирающий Геркулес» (за нее художник получил золотую медаль на выставке) и «Суд Юпитера». В 24 года юноша вернулся в Америку известным художником, однако на родине его картин никто не покупал, и он начал писать портреты на заказ. Серди них был портрет бывшего президента США Джона Адамса, а также портреты маркиза де Лафайета и пятого президента США Джеймса Монро.С. Морзе. Портреты Джеймса Монро (слева) и маркиза де ЛафайетаВ Нью-Йорке Морзе основал Национальную академию рисунка и стал ее президентом. В то же время он решил заняться усовершенствованием своего мастерства и продолжил обучение в Европе. Его занятия живописью были настолько усердными, что никто не мог предположить, что вскоре он займется кардинально другим родом деятельности. Позже Морзе признался: «Я посвятил свои молодые годы только живописи. Но, как оказалось, не смог забыть поразившую меня в юности фразу, услышанную на лекции по естественным наукам: «Если электрический ток встретит задержку на своем пути, он станет видимым». Эта мысль была первым семенем, из которого много лет спустя в моей голове выросло изобретение телеграфа».С. Морзе. Галерея Лувра, 1831-32Изобретателей телеграфа было несколько, и Морзе не был первооткрывателем: в России создателем нового вида связи был Шиллинг, в Германии – Гаусс и Вебер, в Англии – Кук и Уитстон. Но их электромагнитные аппараты были стрелочного типа, а Морзе изобрел электромеханический телеграф. Он получил патент на свое изобретение и продемонстрировал его работу в Нью-Йоркском университете.Однако ученые мужи не только не оценили его находку, но и прозвали Морзе авантюристом: дело в том, что он по сути ничего не изобрел, а просто объединил несколько успешно действующих изобретений своих предшественников. Но сам Морзе был уверен в том, что грамотное применение существующего не менее важно, чем внедрение чего-то нового.С. Морзе. Слева – Муза (портрет старшей дочери Сьюзан). Справа – автопортрет1 октября 1832 г. из Гавра в Hью-Йорк вышел парусник «Салли» (капитан судна — Пелл). Его пассажирам знаменитый врач тех времен (открыватель наркоза и новых методов обезболивания в медицине) — Чарльз Т.Джексон в салоне первого класса демонстрировал фокус-опыт: начиналась вращаться стрелка компаса при поднесении к нему куска провода, подсоединенного к гальваническому элементу. За опытом внимательно наблюдал Самюэл.В Европе, в это время, была опубликована книга М.Фарадея и приведенные в ней опыты повторялись во многих лабораториях, а Петербург в начале 1832 г. стал свидетелем первых опытов Шиллинга. «Извлечение искр из магнита» казалось непосвященным чудом. Увиденный опыт натолкнул его на мысль о создании системы передачи сигналов по проводам, с использованием сочетаний передачи «искр». Эта идея захватила его. За время месячного плавания домой Морзе набросал несколько чертежей. Следующие три года, работая на чердаке в доме своего брата Ричарда, он посвятил строительству по своим чертежам аппарата, но безуспешно. В 1835 г. он был назначен на пост профессора живописи в только что открытом Нью-Йоркском университете, в котором в сентябре 1837 г. продемонстрировал свое изобретение. Сигнал был послан по проволоке длиной 1700 футов.Крупный американский промышленник Стив Вейл заинтересовался работой Морзе и согласился пожертвовать 2 тыс. долларов и предоставить помещение для дальнейших опытов при одном условии — С.Морзе возьмет в помощники его сына Альфреда. Союз младшего Вейла и Морзе оказался плодотворным. Первое сообщение было послано 27 мая 1844 г. и текст которого гласил: «Чудны дела твои, Господи!» Для передачи посылок использовался ключ, изобретенный российским ученым Б.С.Якоби, а для приема — электромагнит, якорь которого управлял перемещением по бумаге чернильного пера.Революционным изобретение Морзе стало благодаря не технологии передачи данных, а способу их фиксации и сфере применения. При этом Морзе не разбирался не только в последних открытиях в области электричества, но даже в основных его правилах и законах. У него не было ни специальных знаний, ни подготовки, но их заменили упорство и целеустремленность.С. Морзе. Портреты Сэмюэла Нельсона и Кетрин Энн Рассел Нельсон, 1822Телеграфы с магнитными стрелками существовали и до Морзе, но они были неудобны в применении. И он решил заменить стрелку на самописец, фиксирующий полученное сообщение на протягиваемой через аппарат бумажной ленте. Значительную помощь в изобретении оказал Альфред Вейл, у которого, в отличие от Морзе, было техническое образование: он изобрел схему печатающего телеграфного аппарата и усовершенствовал телеграфный код.В результате появилась знаменитая азбука Морзе, представляющая собой комбинации коротких и длинных сигналов, зафиксированных на бумажной ленте в виде точек и тире.Самуэль МорзеНадо заметить, что исходная таблица «кода Морзе» разительно отличалась от тех кодов, что сегодня звучат на любительских диапазонах. В ней, во-первых, использовались посылки трех разных длительностей (точка, тире и длинное тире). Во-вторых, некоторые символы имели паузы внутри своих кодов. Кодировки современной и исходной таблиц совпадают только для примерно половины букв (A, B, D, E, G, H, I, K, M, N, S, T, U, V и W) и не совпадают ни для одной цифры. Более того, для построения кода ряда символов в оригинальной «морзянке» вообще использовались иные принципы. Так, на ряду с «точками» и «тире», были сочетания «двойное тире» (буква L) и даже «тройное тире» (цифра 0), а некоторые символы включали в себя паузу… . Латинская буква С, например, передавалось тогда как «две точки-пауза-точка», т.е., по существу, как буквы И и Е, переданные друг за другом. Это заметно осложняло прием радиограмм. Вот почему вскоре появились различные варианты телеграфной азбуки, не содержавшие кодов с паузами между посылками (Филлипса, Бална, «морской», «континентальный»…).С. Морзе. Ниагара, 1835Слава, богатство и признание пришли к нему только на склоне лет. Научно-практическую ценность его изобретения вынуждены были признать многие, даже те, кто настаивал на вторичности этих открытий. После смерти Морзе в 1872 г. его слава как изобретателя угасла, но о нем снова заговорили как о самобытном художнике-портретисте. Эти споры продолжаются и по сей день.Современный вариант международного «кода Морзе» (International Morse) появился совсем недавно — в 1939 году, когда была проведена последняя корректировка (т.н. «континентального» варианта), коснувшаяся в основном знаков препинания. Звучит еще невероятнее, но факт — первоначальный вариант «кода Морзе» кое-где использовался на железных дорогах до середины 60-х годов XX века!источникиhttp://www.kulturologia.ru/blogs/151116/32252/http://www.aif.ru/infographic/1100337http://razmishlyajem.ru/o-raznom-vsyakom/interesny-e-fakty/azbuka-morze-istoriya-sozdaniyahttp://xn—-dtbjalal8asil4g8c.xn—p1ai/priboryi/istoriya-azbuki-morze.htmlhttp://ua4cgr.narod.ru/2010/morze.htmlhttp://www.morze.ru/morze/morze_bio.htmВот еще несколько интересных персон: вот например знаете ли вы Где могила Александра Македонского? или кем был Настоящий Гоцман. А вот еще не так давно была раскрыта Тайна гибели Сент-Экзюпери и думали ли вы, что существует Вратарь, который забил 131 гол

21 сентября 2016, 17:54

Проект "Монарх"

Среди тонких манипуляций сознанием доверчивого населения, скрыто одно из самых сатанинских изуверств совершаемых над частью рода людского; одна из форм систематического контроля разума, которая пронизала все стороны общества уже пятьдесят лет. Чтобы разобратся в последующем материале следует пересмотреть предвзятые идеологии о двойственной природу человека. Решение теологического вопроса о наследовании человеком добра или зла равносильно определению нами восприятия реальности; в особенности определении значения духовной переменной в уравнении жизни.