Джон Родс
Сесиль Джон Родс (англ. Cecil John Rhodes, 5 июля 1853 — 26 марта 1902) — английский и южноафриканский политический деятель, бизнесмен, строитель собственной всемирной империи, инициатор английской колониальной экспансии в Южной Африке.
Сесиль Джон Родс (англ. Cecil John Rhodes, 5 июля 1853 — 26 марта 1902) — английский и южноафриканский политический деятель, бизнесмен, строитель собственной всемирной империи, инициатор английской колониальной экспансии в Южной Африке.
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23 ноября, 19:53

One in Five 2014 Marketplace Consumers was a Small Business Owner or Self-Employed

​Independent Workers Are Almost Three Times More Likely To Rely on Marketplace Coverage than Other Workers   Today, Treasury released a report with new data on sources of health insurance coverage for small business owners and self-employed workers. These data show that the Affordable Care Act (ACA’s) Health Insurance Marketplaces are playing an especially crucial role in providing health coverage to entrepreneurs and other independent workers.   Prior to the Affordable Care Act, workers without employer-sponsored health insurance often lacked options for affordable coverage. Not only did high uninsured rates impede access to care and worsen financial security, but the risk of ending up without health insurance coverage prevented some individuals from striking out on their own. Experts considered “job lock,” or individuals’ need to stay in an employment situation to maintain health coverage, a significant impediment to entrepreneurship. To help address these challenges, the ACA’s Marketplaces were designed to offer portable health insurance coverage to small business owners and other independent workers, a growing segment of the economy.   One in five 2014 Marketplace consumers was a small business owner or self-employed   New data included in today’s Treasury Department report on alternative work arrangements show that small business owners and self-employed workers are taking advantage of the opportunity to purchase health coverage through the Marketplaces.[1] In 2014, 1.4 million Marketplace consumers were self-employed, small business owners, or both, indicating that about one in five 2014 Marketplace consumers was a small business owner or self-employed. Indeed, among the 5.3 million workers who purchased Marketplace coverage for themselves (excluding their children or non-working spouses), about 28 percent were workers whose income was not primarily earned from wages paid by an employer.   In fact, small business owners and self-employed individuals were nearly three times as likely to purchase Marketplace coverage as other workers. Nearly 10 percent of small business owners and more than 10 percent of gig economy workers got coverage through the Marketplace in 2014. Among small business owners and other independent workers, those with annual incomes below $65,000 were the most likely to rely on the Marketplace for health insurance. Middle- and lower-income Americans who buy coverage through the Marketplace are eligible for tax credits to help keep coverage affordable. About 65 percent of small business owners and 69 percent of all self-employed or independent workers have incomes below $65,000.   Between 2014 and 2015, the number of people who signed up for Marketplace coverage increased by around 50 percent. And enrollment increased further in 2016, and is poised to rise again in 2017. Marketplace coverage among independent workers has almost certainly risen as well. HHS is also partnering with outside companies that support freelance workers, entrepreneurs, and start-ups to reach more independent workers with information about Marketplace coverage and financial assistance.   Geographic patterns in small business owners’ and independent workers’ health coverage   Today’s report includes detailed state-by-state data on Marketplace participation among entrepreneurs and independent workers. In all 50 states and D.C., thousands of small business owners and independent workers bought Marketplace coverage in 2014. Of note:   ·         The ten states with the highest share of small business owners relying on the Marketplace for coverage were Vermont, Idaho, Florida, Montana, Maine, California, New Hampshire, Washington, D.C., Rhode Island, and North Carolina.   ·         The 10 states with the largest number of small business owners with Marketplace coverage were California, Florida, Texas, New York, Georgia, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Washington, and Virginia.     Adam Looney is the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Tax Analysis at the U.S. Department of Treasury. Kathryn Martin is the Acting Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation at the U.S Department of Health and Human Services.   [1] The Treasury report defines small business owners as Schedule C filers whose business activities (measured by expenses and gross receipts) exceed certain de minimis thresholds (a minimum of $5,000 of business expenses and either $15,000 of gross receipts or $10,000 of business expenses). Self-employed workers are defined as individuals who earn at least 85 percent of their earnings from operating a sole-proprietorship. “Gig economy workers” are those whose self-employment income derives in part or in whole from activities conducted through an online platform.  ​

21 ноября, 20:57

CBS News fires Charlie Rose over sexual harassment allegations

CBS News fired legendary television journalist Charlie Rose on Tuesday morning in response to allegations published the previous day that he had sexually harassed women who worked or sought jobs with him. Network president David Rhodes told staff in a memo that Rose's contract was terminated and said the ousted star's alleged behavior toward women affiliated with his eponymous talk show was "extremely disturbing and intolerable.” Rose co-anchored “CBS This Morning” and was a “60 Minutes” contributing correspondent in addition to hosting the long-running talk show that aired on PBS and Bloomberg TV. “Despite Charlie’s important journalistic contribution to our news division, there is absolutely nothing more important, in this or any organization, than ensuring a safe, professional workplace — a supportive environment where people feel they can do their best work." Rhodes wrote. "We need to be such a place."“CBS News has reported on extraordinary revelations at other media companies this year and last,” he added. “Our credibility in that reporting requires credibility managing basic standards of behavior. That is why we have taken these actions.”The Washington Post first reported Monday evening on allegations from eight women who worked for or aspired to work on Rose’s talk show from the late 1990's to 2011. The women’s allegations included Rose “walking around naked in their presence, or groping their breasts, buttocks or genital areas." Business Insider later reported claims from three additional women. PBS and Bloomberg TV both said Monday they were suspending his show.

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21 ноября, 19:43

New York AG Schneiderman Subpoenas TIAA, Rhode Island AG Kilmartin Hits Snooze Button Once Again

New York AG Schneiderman Subpoenas TIAA, Rhode Island AG Kilmartin Hits Snooze Button Once Again.

19 ноября, 14:00

Will the Senate Expel Roy Moore If He's Elected?

Despite threats from GOP lawmakers, the likelihood of them taking action remains low.

18 ноября, 00:42

President Donald J. Trump Announces Five Additions to Supreme Court List

One year ago, President Donald J. Trump was elected to restore the rule of law and to Make the Judiciary Great Again. Following the successful confirmation of Justice Neil M. Gorsuch to the Supreme Court of the United States and the nomination of more than seventy Federal judges—including five individuals from his Supreme Court list—President Trump today announced that he is refreshing his Supreme Court list with five additional judges. President Trump will choose a nominee for a future Supreme Court vacancy, should one arise, from this updated list of 25 individuals. The President remains deeply committed to identifying and selecting outstanding jurists in the mold of Justice Gorsuch. These additions, like those on the original list released more than a year ago, were selected with input from respected conservative leaders. Amy Coney Barrett is a Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. Prior to her appointment in 2017, Judge Barrett was the Diane and M.O. Miller, II Research Chair in Law and Professor of Law at Notre Dame Law School. Judge Barrett also served as a law clerk to Justice Antonin Scalia of the Supreme Court of the United States and to Judge Laurence H. Silberman of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Judge Barrett is a magna cum laude graduate of Rhodes College and a summa cum laude graduate of Notre Dame Law School. Britt C. Grant is a Justice of the Supreme Court of Georgia. Prior to her appointment in 2017, Justice Grant served as the Solicitor General of the State of Georgia and as a partner at Kirkland & Ellis LLP. Justice Grant served as law clerk to Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, is a summa cum laude graduate of Wake Forest University, and graduated with distinction from Stanford Law School. Brett M. Kavanaugh is a Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Before his appointment in 2006, Judge Kavanaugh was a partner at Kirkland & Ellis LLP, served as Assistant to the President and Staff Secretary, and was a lawyer in the White House Counsel’s Office and in the Solicitor General’s Office. Judge Kavanaugh also served as a law clerk to Justice Anthony M. Kennedy of the Supreme Court of the United States, to Judge Alex Kozinski of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, and to Judge Walter K. Stapleton of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Judge Kavanaugh is a cum laude graduate of Yale College and Yale Law School. Kevin C. Newsom is a Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. Prior to his appointment in 2017, he was a partner and chair of the appellate practice group at Bradley Arant Boult Cummings LLP. He previously served as the Solicitor General of the State of Alabama. Judge Newsom also served as a law clerk to Justice David H. Souter of the Supreme Court of the United States and to Judge Diarmuid F. O’Scannlain of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. Judge Newsom is a summa cum laude graduate of Samford University and a magna cum laude graduate of Harvard Law School. Patrick Wyrick is a Justice of the Supreme Court of Oklahoma. Prior to his appointment in 2017, he served for six years as the Solicitor General of the State of Oklahoma. He also served as a law clerk to Judge James H. Payne of the United States District Courts for the Eastern and Northern Districts of Oklahoma. Justice Wyrick graduated from the University of Oklahoma and from the University of Oklahoma School of Law with distinction.

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17 ноября, 22:38

Civic NationVoice: Rhode Island: A Small State With A Powerful Promise

Rhode Island, a small state of just about one million people, is making significant strides in the movement for free community college. Just this year, three Promise initiatives have launched in the Ocean State.

16 ноября, 21:47

Why It's Difficult for Former Inmates to Become Lawyers

State bar associations often have ambiguous character requirements that preclude their admission.

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13 ноября, 09:00

Ten years of posh burgers – how they changed Britain's dining habits

It’s a decade since the first Byron branch opened in west London and flipped the meat sandwich from junk food to high-quality restaurant dish. Now, with premium outlets all over the country, how much posher can the burger get?It was while he was reading classics at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, that Tom Byng first began a serious study of the American hamburger. After a long night of college carousing, the Old Etonian would often end up at the Silver Top, an elderly diner in the heart of Providence, which had been serving the same greasy, roadside staples since the 1930s.In December 2007, a decade and a half after his US sojourn, Byng took everything he had learned about beef patties, buns and the restaurant business and opened the first branch of his burger empire, Byron, in west London. The British hamburger has never been quite the same. To date, Byron has served more than 24m burgers at 70 locations across Britain. Originally backed by Gondola Group, the owners of Pizza Express and Ask, in 2013 the business was acquired by Hutton Collins Partners for £100m. Continue reading...

10 ноября, 19:05

The Paradise Papers are a wake-up call: now Congress must act on tax havens | Sheldon Whitehouse

Jobs and earnings should come back onshore – and the likes of Vladimir Putin and other oligarchs prevented from stashing money in US shell corporationsSheldon Whitehouse is a member of the Democratic party and represents Rhode Island in the US SenateAppleby Global Group Services Limited is a very old law firm with a very old mission – helping wealthy people and corporations avoid scrutiny. Beginning on Sunday, the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists began releasing findings from a trove of 13.4m documents from Appleby and its subsidiaries. The media has dubbed these the “Paradise Papers”, and they are deeply troubling.To carry out its mission for its elite clients, Appleby plays a complicated shell game with carefully crafted tax havens. Here’s a simplified version of its playbook: find jurisdictions with low taxes and lax incorporation laws, set up anonymous shell corporations, and run money through untraceable bank accounts. Sounds dodgy, but it is completely legal. Continue reading...

10 ноября, 18:26

White House bracing for another staff shakeup

Deputy chief of staff Rick Dearborn is expected to be reassigned to the Commerce Department or another federal agency.

07 ноября, 00:48

The Most Hated Movie Endings of All Time

These are some of the worst movie endings ever. They'll leave you disappointed and unsatisfied, wishing for a different conclusion to the story.

06 ноября, 16:20

CVS Health (CVS) Beats On Q3 Earnings, Revenues In Line

CVS Health (CVS) witnesses year over year growth in Pharmacy Services segment in Q3.

02 ноября, 13:46

Who are the Premier League clubs' all-time top goalscorers?

Sergio Agüero is now the most prolific goalscorer in Manchester City’s history. Which players hold that record at the other 19 clubs in the league?Who is Arsenal’s top scorer with 228 goals?Ian WrightThierry HenryCliff BastinRobin van PersieWho is Bournemouth’s top scorer with 202 goals?Josh King Ron EyreLuther Blisset Carl Fletcher Who is Brighton’s top scorer with 123 goals?Andy RitchieTommy CookJohn GregoryJimmy CaseWho is Burnley’s top scorer with 188 goals? Graham AlexanderJimmy McIlroyGeorge BeelGeorge StrongWho is Chelsea’s top scorer with 211 goals?Bobby Tambling Frank LampardJimmy Greaves Didier DrogbaWho is Crystal Palace’s top scorer with 165 goals?Ian Wright Clinton Morrison Peter SimpsonMark Bright Who is Everton’s top scorer with 383 goals?Graeme SharpDixie DeanJoe RoyleTony CotteeWho is Huddersfield Town’s top scorer with 159 goals?Jimmy Glazzard Jordan Rhodes Andy BoothGeorge BrownWho is Leicester City’s top scorer with 273 goals? Frank Worthington Arthur ChandlerGary Lineker Jamie VardyWho is Liverpool’s top scorer with 346 goals? Robbie Fowler Ian RushSteven GerrardKenny DalglishWho is Manchester United’s top scorer with 253 goals?Denis Law Bobby Charlton Wayne RooneyRyan GiggsWho is Newcastle United’s top scorer with 206 goals?Alan ShearerMalcolm Macdonald Peter BeardsleyJackie Milburn Who is Southampton’s top scorer with 228 goals?Matt Le TissierMick ChannonJames Beattie Marian PaharsWho is Stoke City’s top scorer with 176 goals?Dennis ViolletJohn RitchieJonathan WaltersStanley MatthewsWho is Swansea City’s top scorer with 192 goals? Robbie James Wilfried BonyLee Trundle Ivor AllchurchWho is Tottenham Hotspur’s top scorer with 266 goals?Martin ChiversJermain DefoeJimmy GreavesTeddy SheringhamWho is Watford’s top scorer with 186 goals? John Barnes Troy Deeney Luther BlissettOdion IghaloWho is West Brom’s top scorer with 279 goals? Jeff AstleTony BrownBryan RobsonCyrille RegisWho is West Ham United’s top scorer with 326 goals? Carlton Cole Trevor Brooking Geoff Hurst Vic Watson Continue reading...

02 ноября, 13:30

Top 15 States Where Home Prices Are Still Surging

The housing market’s most impressive post-bubble streak remains intact. Home prices keep climbing higher and are nearing their previous peak.

31 октября, 15:10

You’re More Likely to Get Cancer If You Live in This U.S. State

You may not know that where you live has an impact on whether or not you may get cancer.

31 октября, 14:34

Prostitution Reduces Rape

A new paper in the American Economic Journal: Economic Policy by Bisschop, Kastoryano, and van der Klaauw looks at the opening and closing of prostitution zones (tippelzones) in 25 Dutch cities. Our empirical results show that opening a tippelzone reduces sexual abuse and rape. These results are mainly driven by a 30–40 percent reduction in […] The post Prostitution Reduces Rape appeared first on Marginal REVOLUTION.

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28 октября, 04:05

Groupthink Makes Navies Stupid

James Holmes Security, Americas "Want an intellectually inert U.S. Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard? Fine: stifle the free interplay of ideas and views on campus, and within the sea." Groupthink makes navies stupid. Heck, groupthink makes any group of people stupid. Shame there’s such demand for it in U.S. Navy circles. Or at least that’s the impression you’d get from the criticism flung Admiral Jeff Harley’s way in recent weeks. Admiral Harley, a surface-warfare officer now in his second year as president of the U.S. Naval War College, gave a recent interview with the Providence Journal touting his effort to make the College more like civilian universities. Reporter G. Wayne Miller quotes Harley as saying: “We have to ensure that our academics have academic freedom to express . . . dissenting viewpoints, regardless of how painful sometimes that might be. You want the institution to look and feel like a civilian institution.” The bottom line, as Miller paraphrases it: “As such, Harley said, he expects the War College to more closely resemble schools such as Brown University or the University of Rhode Island.” (For some reason the ace reporter uses your shy, retiring scribe as the poster boy for academic freedom—including, presumably, that bit about how painful hearing out the quarrelsome can be.) The Journal story elicited an outburst from nattering nabobs in the press and on the internet. Former Naval War College military faculty member Colonel Gary Anderson held forth in the pages of the Washington Times, in a column sure to make you feel like the luckless patient in that old George Carlin joke. The pseudonymous navy blogger Commander Salamander piled on, joined by his commenters. Read full article

27 октября, 00:00

What's Still Missing From Trump's Plan to Tackle the Opioid Crisis

The president declared a public-health emergency in an empathetic speech—but left some crucial questions unanswered.

25 октября, 23:37

Judge denies request to force Trump to pay Obamacare insurance subsidies

Vince Chhabria failed to see the immediate threat to consumers that would require him to compel the federal government to make the payments.

24 октября, 08:33

Risky Jobs Pay the Most in These 15 States

Putting your life on the line at work every day pays off in some places but not in others. Workers in dangerous jobs earn the most in these 15 states.

29 мая 2015, 19:53

Буры против Британцев. ( 40 фото )

Оригинал взят у oper_1974 в Буры против Британцев. ( 40 фото )        Эта война была первой войной 20 века и интересна с самых разных точек зрения. Например, на ней обеими конфликтующими сторонами были массово использованы бездымный порох, скорострельные пушки, шрапнель, пулемёты и магазинные винтовки, что навсегда изменило тактику пехоты, заставив её спрятаться в траншеи и окопы, атаковать в разреженных цепях вместо привычного строя и, сняв яркие мундиры, обрядиться в хаки...         Эта война также "обогатила" человечество такими понятиями, как снайпер, коммандос, диверсионная война, тактика выжженной земли и концлагерь.         Это была не только первая "попытка принести Свободу и Демократию" в страны, богатые полезными ископаемыми. Но также, наверное, и первой войной, где боевые действия, помимо поля боя, были перенесены и в информационное пространство. Ведь к началу 20 века человечество уже вовсю пользовалось телеграфом, фотографией и кинематографом, а газета стала привычным атрибутом каждого дома.         Противостояние англичан и буров началось ещё почти за сто лет до описываемых событий, когда Великобритания положила глаз на принадлежащую Голландии Капскую колонию. Сначала аннексировав эти земли, они потом ещё их же и купили, правда, так хитро, что в реальности не уплатили ни копейки.         Однако это дало право одному из тяжеловесов информационной войны, Артуру Конан Дойлу, написать следующие строки в своей книге об англо-бурской войне: "В нашем обширном собрании стран, пожалуй, нет другой страны, права Британии на которую были бы так же неоспоримы, как на эту. Мы владеем ею на двух основаниях - по праву завоевания и по праву покупки".         Вскоре англичане создали бурам невыносимые условия существования, запретив обучение и делопроизводство на голландском языке и объявив английский язык государственным. Плюс к этому Англия в 1833 году официально запретила рабство, которое составляло основу экономики буров.         Правда, "добрые" англичане назначили выкуп за каждого невольника. Но, во-первых, сам выкуп был вдвое меньше принятой цены, а во-вторых, получить его можно было только в Лондоне, и то не деньгами, а государственными облигациями, в которых слабо образованные буры просто не разбирались.         В общем, буры поняли, что жизни им тут не будет, собрали вещички и рванули на север, основав там две новые колонии: Трансвааль и Оранжевую республику.          Тут стоит сказать пару слов о самих бурах. Англо-бурская война сделала их в глазах всего мира героями и жертвами. Но буры жили за счёт труда рабов на своих фермах. А землю под эти фермы они добывали, очищая её от местного чернокожего населения с помощью винтовок.          Вот как описывает буров Марк Твен, посетивший примерно в это время юг Африки: "Буры очень набожны, глубоко невежественны, тупы, упрямы, нетерпимы, нечистоплотны, гостеприимны, честны во взаимоотношениях с белыми, жестоки по отношению к своим чёрным слугам... им совершенно всё равно, что творится в мире".          Такая патриархальная жизнь могла бы продолжаться ещё очень долго, но тут в 1867 году на границе Оранжевой республики и Капской колонии нашли крупнейшее в мире месторождение алмазов.          В страну хлынул поток проходимцев и авантюристов, одним из которых был Сесил Джон Родс, будущий основатель компании "Де Бирс", а также двух новых английских колоний, скромно названных в честь него Южной и Северной Родезией.         Англия вновь попыталась аннексировать бурские территории, что привело к 1 англо-бурской войне, которую англичане, по сути, проиграли. Но беды буров на этом не закончились, в 1886 году в Трансваале нашли золото.         В страну опять хлынул поток проходимцев, преимущественно англичан, мечтавших мгновенно обогатиться. Буры, по-прежнему продолжавшие сидеть на своих фермах, в принципе, не возражали, однако обложили приезжих ойтландеров (иностранцев) высоким налогом.         Вскоре количество "понаехавших" почти сравнялось с количество местных. Причём иностранцы всё громче стали требовать для себя гражданских прав. С этой целью даже была создана правозащитная НПО "Комитет Реформ", финансируемая Сесилом Родсом и другими горнорудными королями. Требуя для себя гражданских прав в Трансваале, ойтландеры, однако, не желали отказываться и от британского подданства.         Однако вряд ли стоит обвинять в развязывании войны одних только евреев-банкиров. Истерия вокруг буров легла на благодатную почву. Англичане искренне верили, что они рождены править миром и любое препятствие в реализации этого плана воспринимали как оскорбление. Существовал даже специальный термин, "джингоизм", означающий крайнюю стадию имперского шовинизма британцев.         Вот что говорил небезызвестный нам Чемберлен: "Во-первых, я верую в Британскую Империю, во-вторых, я верю в британскую расу. Я верю, что британцы - величайшая из имперских рас, какие когда-нибудь знавал мир".         Когда в Стратфорде-на-Эйвоне, родном городе Шекспира, пьяная толпа патриотов перебила стёкла в домах квакеров, выступавших против войны, писательница христианских романов и пояснений к Священному Писанию Мария Коррели обратилась к погромщикам с речью, в которой поздравила их с тем, как хорошо они отстояли честь Родины, и сказала: "Если бы Шекспир восстал из гроба, он бы присоединился к вам".          Противостояние между бурами и англичанами в британских газетах было представлено как противостояние между англо-саксонской и голландской расами и замешивалось вокруг чести и достоинства нации.          Объявлялось, что если Англия ещё раз уступит бурам, это приведёт к развалу всей Британской империи, ибо люди в Австралии и Канаде перестанут её уважать. Была вытащена старая байка про претензии России на Индию и "найдены" следы русского влияния на буров.         Особый интерес вызывает информационная война. Хотя сами буры в ней особо не отличились, но к тому времени Британия сумела обзавестись немалым количеством недоброжелателей по всему миру. В первую очередь это были Россия, Франция, Германия и, конечно, Голландия.         Их совместной заслугой было то, что будущую войну объявили "войной между белыми", что, по сути, было не так уж мало, ибо на войну против "дикарей" не распространялись правила, принятые на прошедшей за полгода до этих событий Гаагской конференции, созванной, кстати, по инициативе России.         В российской прессе, на протяжении всей войны о бурах писали с неизменным восторгом и даже старательно подчёркивали их сходство с русскими, примером чему служила высокая религиозность буров, их склонность к сельскому хозяйству, а также привычка носить окладистые бороды. Умение ездить верхом и метко стрелять позволяло сравнивать буров с казаками.         Поручик Едрихин, откомандированный на время войны в Южную Африку в качестве корреспондента газеты «Новое Время» (и, видимо, бывший сотрудником российской разведки), писавший под псевдонимом Вандам, уже во время англо-бурской войны предостерегал соотечественников: "Плохо иметь англосакса врагом, но не дай Бог иметь его другом... Главным противником англосаксов на пути к мировому господству является русский народ".           Такая мощная информационная поддержка привела к тому, что в армию буров хлынул поток добровольцев со всего света. Большинство составляли голландцы (около 650 человек), французы (400), немцы (550), американцы (300), итальянцы (200), шведы (150), ирландцы (200) и русские (около 225).         После применения "тактики выжженной земли" и концлагерей моральный авторитет Британии упал ниже плинтуса. Говорят, что англо-бурская война покончила с чопорной викторианской эпохой.         Наконец, 31 мая 1902 года буры, опасаясь за жизни своих жён и детей, были вынуждены капитулировать. Республика Трансвааль и Оранжевая республика были аннексированы Британией.           Однако благодаря своему мужеству, упорному сопротивлению и симпатиям мировой общественности буры смогли выторговать амнистию всем участникам войны, получить право на самоуправление и использование голландского языка в школах и судах. Англичанам даже пришлось выплатить компенсации за разрушенные фермы и дома.           Также буры получили право и впредь эксплуатировать и уничтожать чернокожее население Африки, что стало фундаментом будущей политики апартеида.