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25 октября, 19:36

The Riches of a Good Name

Before people became "brands," there was this quaint notion that the only wealth that matters is the "riches of a good name." You don't have to be religious to understand this. We are now on the precipice of an election where one candidate has violated almost every norm of acceptable behavior - and still almost four in ten Americans support him. He has repeatedly insulted women both in public words and private actions. He has denigrated our neighbors in Mexico, an entire religion (Islam), the handicapped, veterans like John McCain, Gold Star families like the Khans, and the list goes on. In fact, who hasn't the Republican nominee insulted? With less than two weeks left in this interminable campaign cycle, the consensus is that Hillary Clinton is on the way to an electoral victory by a very wide margin. What would that make Donald Trump? The Biggest Loser of the year - but even worse, it looks like he is planning to be an even bigger Sore Loser. There is a fine tradition in America of hard-fought political battles that result in a gracious loser who recognizes that the bedrock principle of our democracy is the orderly transition of power. This is what separates America from authoritarian, non-democratic regimes. Even Al Gore, who won the popular vote by a lot in 2000, recognized that he must concede expeditiously for the good of the country once the Supreme Court had ruled against him. He has not gone around saying the election result was rigged since then. Everyone in this country is understandably focused on what happens on November 8th, election day, when the future of our country will be shaped by the result not just in the presidential contest, but also by a few Senate races that will determine which party will have the upper hand in the confirmation of the next few Supreme Court Justices. Donald Trump's scorched-earth campaign has done a lot of damage to our political system, to the Republican Party and to his family's standing in the world. The Trump brand, which is really the only business that the brash billionaire has consistently succeeded with, is now in tatters. There are numerous reports of high vacancy rates at his new Washington, D.C. hotel, tenants in buildings named after Trump petitioning for a name change and even his daughter Ivanka's clothing line is starting to suffer with women who are disgusted by her father's misogynistic rhetoric and actions. So, on November 9th, when Trump wakes up to headlines proclaiming him a Big Loser, will he also suffer from his once-desired brand tanking? Will the name Trump be so toxic that building, hotel and golf course facades will change overnight? Will his children and grandchildren perhaps try to seek refuge in a new family surname? This scenario does not seem that far-fetched as each week passes with new and even more disturbing revelations about Trump's past behavior and current vulgarisms. I shudder to think what ill behavior will be on display in the final ten days of a desperate campaign that looks like it is sinking further into the mud. Who can the Republican nominee attack or scapegoat so that his impending loss seems like an unfair result? Many believe that this is all a cynical ploy to start a lucrative television network after the election - Trump TV - that will make the lunatic ranting of FOX-TV seem innocent and sweet by comparison. I don't buy that. Sure, Trump and his blindly faithful extended family will look to make lemonade out of the rotten lemons he has offered up. But like his wildly unsuccessful foray into the gaming industry in Atlantic City, Trump's attempt at launching a media empire is destined for failure, too. Like his relatives who have tried to dabble in media and his ill-fated Trump magazine, this futile effort will only further erode the family brand. Here's one potential exit strategy that might save the Trump brand: claim that like "The Producers" did in Mel Brooks' farce, this campaign was a comic attempt to badly run a losing campaign that would only enrich its inner circle. Trump may not relish the idea of being known as the "Bialystok and Bloom" of the presidential world. But this would be a plausible explanation for an inept campaign that kept on trying to find a new bottom each and every week. Maybe they could even make it into a hit reality TV show. Tom Allon is the president of City & State, NY. Questions or comments: [email protected] -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

25 октября, 19:18

The Character American Plutocracy Built

Fear always seems to be a driving force in an election cycle. It never ceases to be a major factor in the political process. Oddly enough, it is a reminder of what many politically conscience citizens have always known to be true: People do not vote out of love. They vote out of fear. The American populace has been put into an impossible corner. Any nation with such tremendous self-hatred masked as repulsive nationalism and suicidal tendencies that wage war on its own inhabitants is bound to collapse under the weight of its own toxic culture. Presidential elections seem to unleash the worse in people's rhetorical impulses. Be it wrathful, rude, smug, condescending, insulting, Americans always collectively forget that the most important election in the nation's history was four years ago. But, of course, this year is different. It always is. The inevitable collapse of the American empire will not be brought about because it was unable to retain its original values. It shall meet its demise because it refused to embrace better ones. We cling to the words of old wise men whom could not have imagined how the country would have evolved and treat their words as if it were the gospel itself. The history of American nationalism has its roots in some of the most heinous acts the world has ever known and to pledge allegiance to a flag rather than to the principles of human decency is nothing short of a betrayal to one's own humanity. Is a person an American or a human being first? To view this political season as anything more than pure entertainment seems masochistic. Unfortunately, it is inescapable. These candidates promise us much. They will deliver little. Again, as it always seems to be. Familiar language clouds the political climate. Time after time we're told that we must wait to fix the two party system until the next presidential election or we must simply accept the lesser of two evils. But this careless strategy is the very thing that got us to this point. That plan has failed and it will continue to fail. Prominent political scientist Martin Gilens found that 70 percent of the American population has no influence on public policy. Not surprisingly, these disenfranchised individuals are on the lower end of the economic scale. The population has been pushed into political apathy and resentment. And who can blame them? They've been abandoned. They've been failed. They've been repeatedly lied to. And the best decision they are told they can make to improve their lives is to elect the same corrupt politicians who created the oppressive conditions they are suffering from. Or to vote for a reality T.V. show sociopathic narcissist whose rhetoric has spawned the worst elements in American culture. Either way, either side, there seems to be little optimism for the country and, indeed, the world. Our political imagination must expand if we are to survive as, not only a social and cultural entity but, a species. The political class and elites have full range over public policy and have very little regard for those who are not attending their country club meetings. The leaders of our nation from both major political parties answer to their corporate masters and donors while the majority of the American population fight for the scraps left by them. Tragically, we must deal with governments and the corporations that own them. One election can never entirely define a nation's character, but if all of this sounds anti-democratic, it is. Plutocracy reigns and oligarchy is its function. To make it plain: The rich will see more wealth, the marginalized will meet more oppression, and the wars will continue and continue to thrive. One needn't be politically conscience to realize this. I offer no solution other than to brace yourselves for the history of things to come. Donald Trump has fully validated every heinous political stance he has boasted about in his campaign. At this point it seems meaningless to name them all. But the worst political elements that have been bred in America, be it American Neo-Nazis, the KKK, white nationalists, the alternative right, etc. have found their light. Their ideologies are now mainstream and are no longer being ridiculed. You needn't be a Neo-Nazi to agree with some, most, or all of their social, political, and economic stances and/or policies. Ask avid Donald Trump supporter David Duke, who is running for the U.S. Senate in Louisiana. If Clinton wins, there will be a backlash. How extreme it will be is hard to tell. But the organizations I mentioned above are now mobilized, organized, and they are very pissed off. They will not whither after a defeat in one presidential election. And there is no left-wing equivalent to confront them. Electing Clinton will continue the neo-liberal and already Fascistic policies of the United States government and will do little for the marginalized and oppressed. They will continue to suffer from that humiliation. And, certainly, Clinton will be no friend to left-wing movements in America. Can you imagine if the Ferguson uprising had been armed? Clinton would have destroyed them as she's helped destroy so many people, neighborhoods, and nations around the globe. As a thespian, I've been acting in, writing, directing, and producing plays warning people about the growing Fascist movement that has been building in this country for over ten years. I would like to collect my bill. Again, I offer no solution other than what Malcolm X said: "It doesn't mean that I advocate violence, but at the same time, I am not against using violence in self-defense. I don't call it violence when it's self-defense, I call it intelligence." We must grow into a more politically conscience and intelligent people who are committed to political action. Because it is not ISIS that poses some existentialist threat. It is ourselves. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

25 октября, 12:11

Tsar performers: 5 imperial Russian factories that have outlasted the rest

Some of the Russian Empire’s greatest enterprises continue to thrive today The Russian Empire could not be called an industrially developed country. In 1913 only 15 percent of the population lived in the cities and it was only in the Soviet period that Russia managed to industrialize its economy. Several historians say that by 1941, 9,000 new factories were launched in the country. However, this does not mean that in pre-revolutionary Russia there were no important factories. Some of them have even managed to survive to the present day – through the February and October revolutions, both world wars, nationalization and privatization – and today continue to successfully make chocolate, technology, ships, footwear and ammunition. 1. The Kazan Powder Factory The oldest enterprise on our list was built during Catherine the Great's time in 1788. It was used for making gunpowder for rifles and cannons. The factory expanded and by the beginning of the 21st century it had already produced almost 500 tons of gunpowder. Entire neighborhoods sprang up around the shops and even a so-called "Gunpowder mosque" was erected. "The factory, with its extensive settlement, lives completely apart from the rest of Kazan's population," wrote historian and ethnographer Nikolai Zagoskin in 1895. But a tragedy ruined this calm and "separate" life in 1917. A fire caused by a smoldering cigarette butt destroyed the great factory, consuming around a million projectiles and hundreds of buildings. The factory was restored by the Soviet authorities and during WWII it produced shells for the legendary Katyusha multiple rocket launcher. Today the factory still produces gunpowder for artillery and hand weapons. 2. The Kirov Factory The Kirov Factory. / Source: Lori/Legion-Media This St. Petersburg factory was established in 1801 but became famous only at the turn of the 20th century. Back then it was called Putilovsky, after its owner. It produced steamboats, wagons, lathes, shells, artillery towers for ships – in other words, it was the largest metallurgical and machine center in the Russian Empire. The factory's shops were also famous for their politically active workers. The Putilovsty strike in 1905 became the spark that lit the fire of the first, unsuccessful, revolution. In 1917 many workers from the Putilovsky Factory joined the Red Guard, the Bolshevik military organization. In the USSR the enterprise was renamed in honor of Soviet politician Sergei Kirov. The factory continued operating even during the German siege of Leningrad between 1941 and 1944. Around 2,500 of the factory's workers died during the famine but the enterprise produced and repaired tanks throughout the war, including the famous heavy KV tank. Today the factory assembles agricultural technology. 3. The Babayevsky Confectionary Concern The Babayevsky Confectionary Concern. / Source: Lori/Legion-Media In the 212 years of its existence this Moscow company went from being an ex-serf's store to a large industrial complex. Russian candies – from lobster necks to Alyonka At the beginning of the 21st century a serf peasant opened a workshop to produce sweets made from fruit. His descendants transformed the workshop into a factory, which in 1899 began supplying the imperial court. Until 1922 the company was called The A.I. Abrikosov &Sons Partnership. The factory operated during the Soviet era and still produces sweets and candies today. Even in ordinary retail stores you can find Babayevsky chocolates. Now there's an idea for a souvenir from Russia! 4. ZIL A view of the assembly line of the new assembling workshop at Moscow`s ZiL Plant. / Source: Valentin Sobolev/TASS The construction of this car factory, known before the revolution as AMO and ZIS under Stalin, began in 1916 but it was still incomplete when the 1917 Revolution broke out. For several years the factory had a license to assemble foreign cars and in 1924 it finally produced its own truck. Production evolved very quickly and during WWII the ZIS were the second most used trucks in the Red Army. ZIS also produced lavish limousines. After the collapse of the USSR the factory fell on hard times and had practically ceased to exist by 2016. Offices and residential buildings will be built on the former factory's grounds. But in Workshop No. 6 life goes on: It still makes classic custom-made limousines. 5. The Baltic Factory The launching ceremony for the Lead Project Arktika nuclear icebreaker at Baltiysky Zavod Shipyard in St. Petersburg. / Source: Sviatoslav Akimov/RIA Novosti Built in 1856, this St. Petersburg shipbuilding complex was Russia's leading factory 100 years ago and remains so today. In 1903 the Baltic Factory produced the first Russian military submarine and in 2016 it launched Arktika, the world's largest nuclear icebreaker. The Baltic Factory shipyards also build ships for export, for example, tankers for Germany and frigates for India.

25 октября, 10:10

Дочь олигарха Мусы Бажаева написала из Америки, что "везде лучше, чем в Рашке"

22-летняя студентка МГИМО поделилась с подписчиками впечатлениями о путешествии по США и отметила, что "при одной мысли о Москве ей становится дурно". Сразу после свадьбы в Монако 22-летняя наследница миллиардера Мусы Бажаева Элина отправилась с супругом - 24-летним Бекханом Мамакаевым - в свадебное путешествие по США. Горячие пляжи Майами и огни Лас-Вегаса так впечатлили новоиспечённую жену, что любые разговоры о возвращении на Родину она пресекает на корню. В социальной сети студентка магистратуры МГИМО делится подробностями своего вояжа по Штатам, а на вопрос подписчика "Где лучше, в США или в Рашке?" Элина ответила довольно категорично: "Везде лучше, чем в Рашке". При этом Бажаева признаётся, что "при одной мысли о Москве ей становится дурно". Напомним, свадьба Элины Бажаевой и сына чеченского бизнесмена Алихана Мамакаева прошла в конце сентября в Монте-Карло. Супруг Элины - 24-летний Бекхан - выпускник лондонского университета, говорящий на шести языках. Молодой человек является совладельцем нескольких компаний своего отца. С одной из самых красивых чеченок Бекхан познакомился в феврале, а спустя пару месяцев добился от неё согласия на предложение руки и сердца. Торжество состоялось в ресторане Salle Empire при Hotel de Paris, куда в числе прочих была приглашена принцесса Катара шейха Салва. Невеста в самый важный свой день облачилась в платье за 20 миллионов рублей, которое специально для неё сшил ливанский дизайнер Зухаир Мурад. Отец Элины - Муса Бажаев - владеет "Группой Альянс" и 40% акций компании "Русская платина". Помимо миллиардного состояния бизнесмен известен широтой души: в мае олигарх отпраздновал свой 50-летний юбилей на 250 миллионов рублей в спорткомплексе "Олимпийский".(https://life.ru/t/%D0%BC%...)

25 октября, 10:10

Дочь олигарха Мусы Бажаева написала из Америки, что "везде лучше, чем в Рашке"

22-летняя студентка МГИМО поделилась с подписчиками впечатлениями о путешествии по США и отметила, что "при одной мысли о Москве ей становится дурно". Сразу после свадьбы в Монако 22-летняя наследница миллиардера Мусы Бажаева Элина отправилась с супругом - 24-летним Бекханом Мамакаевым - в свадебное путешествие по США. Горячие пляжи Майами и огни Лас-Вегаса так впечатлили новоиспечённую жену, что любые разговоры о возвращении на Родину она пресекает на корню. В социальной сети студентка магистратуры МГИМО делится подробностями своего вояжа по Штатам, а на вопрос подписчика "Где лучше, в США или в Рашке?" Элина ответила довольно категорично: "Везде лучше, чем в Рашке". При этом Бажаева признаётся, что "при одной мысли о Москве ей становится дурно". Напомним, свадьба Элины Бажаевой и сына чеченского бизнесмена Алихана Мамакаева прошла в конце сентября в Монте-Карло. Супруг Элины - 24-летний Бекхан - выпускник лондонского университета, говорящий на шести языках. Молодой человек является совладельцем нескольких компаний своего отца. С одной из самых красивых чеченок Бекхан познакомился в феврале, а спустя пару месяцев добился от неё согласия на предложение руки и сердца. Торжество состоялось в ресторане Salle Empire при Hotel de Paris, куда в числе прочих была приглашена принцесса Катара шейха Салва. Невеста в самый важный свой день облачилась в платье за 20 миллионов рублей, которое специально для неё сшил ливанский дизайнер Зухаир Мурад. Отец Элины - Муса Бажаев - владеет "Группой Альянс" и 40% акций компании "Русская платина". Помимо миллиардного состояния бизнесмен известен широтой души: в мае олигарх отпраздновал свой 50-летний юбилей на 250 миллионов рублей в спорткомплексе "Олимпийский".(https://life.ru/t/%D0%BC%...)

25 октября, 08:57

Academia's True Ulterior Purpose Today - Propaganda Ministry

Historically college, university, academia and in general "higher education" has served three roles in society:In the medieval times it was largely a luxurious pursuit of the elite and upper classes.  Learning languages, teaching latin, and reading philosophy was the preserve of rich or royal children so they could wear pantyhose (either men or women), powdered wigs, and impress equally talentless bluebloods at parties and balls before heads were put into guillotines.During and after the industrial revolution, science and the scientific method replaced the liberal arts as academia's new role wherein pursuit of more practical studies would provide the knowledge and skills that would make a man's (or woman's) time infinitely more valuable.  From roughly the 1870's to the 1970's western civilization enjoyed the increasing opportunity to postpone work, enter college, learn a valuable trade and then enter the workforce, increasing their lifetime earnings multi-fold for what time they invested in college.This then gave way to the third role academia played starting circa roughly the 1980's.  With now everybody going to college and EVERYBODY flooding the labor market, the value of degrees decreased.  Of course this didn't matter to most entitled and spoiled Gen X'ers, plus their baby boomer parents didn't know jack about economics, so the recommended they attend anyway.  So even though degrees were becoming increasingly worthless, demand for degrees was at an all-time high, nay, an entitlement to the "college experience."  And so the role of academia went from one of altruistic support and advancement of society, to that of maliciously capitalizing off of it.  The primary and ulterior goal of higher education was to now transfer as much wealth from younger generations to enrich an entire class of talentless liberal-arts majoring hacks posing as professors, teachers, sociologists and other liberal arts "professionals."You would think this is the current and final stage of academia's evolution, however, there has been a fourth evolution.  And that would be one of becoming a veritable Ministry of Propaganda for various socialist, leftist, and communist political parties throughout the world. This is not "hyperbole" or Alex Jones' like "conspiracy" simply because it's painfully obvious.Academia has simply become a joke.First you have a 2015 study that shows 2/3rds of psychology studies cannot be repeated.  We're not talking those cute studies you did in your (mandatory) Freshman Psychology class.  We're talking the tippy top, super elite, getting their doctorate, with "peer reviewed" level "authorities" and "experts" in their fields sending in slop and passing it on as empirically proven truth.  Given psychology is one of the more "legitimate" fields of the social sciences, it's practically guaranteed the rot is equal-or-greater in the remaining fields.  The entire realm of the liberal arts and humanities is debunked (and it's primary job would be re-validation instead of political propaganda).  But how much soul searching do you see these "social scientists" doing versus vehemently defending their quackery as today's education bubble spectacularly bursts?Second is the BLATANT political agenda. Forget that over 90% of stunted-adult-children professors vote religiously left and purposely direct nearly all of their studies towards the rationalization of stealing other people's money, just look at the modern day shit show that is academia today.  Genuine black bigots who hate white people demanding segregated housing at UCLA, the tiring and completely fabricated drama of zhe zer and non-binary gender pronouns, and the limitless number of stories where PAINFULLY OBVIOUS socialist indoctrination is passed on for "freshman orientation."  The only thing more enraging than this naked grab for youth's minds and our money, is the balless parents who stupidly still pay for their idiot childrens' worthless degrees.And if none of that convinces you, there is again no limit to the number of stories where you find out your hard earned tax dollars are subsidizing some worthless parasite acting as a graduate student as they pursue research in some popcockery or another.  The most recent one that comes to mind is Lisa Jordan Powell, a hack, who is studying how pumpkin spiced lattes cause racism.  I'd like to say I'm joking, but academia has become the joke.  If you seriously think with this blatant racist, sexist, communist crap that academia still has some merit or is somehow not a parasitic organization here to live off of otherwise hard working people, then fuck you, you're a liar, and I pray for the day the world collapses so there is no law and I meet you for coffee.Regardless, you combined all of this veritable bullshit and the precise goal of academia’s new ulterior motive is perfectly clear - to get the American public to no longer trust their own eyes.  The goal is to, through “official academia studies,” redefine lies as truth, even though the world around us collapses and everybody is worse off.  It is to designate “academia” as the final arbiter of truth, allowing the parasites, scum, thieves, psychos, SJW’s, cowards, and tyrants in both academia and politics their continued theft of society’s money and hard-earned wealth unopposed and unabated.To what few eyes remain unbrainwashed it is plainly obvious academia is nothing more than a cowardly, sniveling, Ministry of Truth for global socialism.  For the rest of the sheeple, however, whether they’re just plain stupid or are conscious worthless, parasitic participants in this game, it’s the only thing they have in their meaningless, pointless lives.  And since the west is all democracies, you can more or less be guaranteed to be forced to enjoy the decline.  HHR4HM7ZPMV3

25 октября, 07:44

Renminbi vs. yuan

The style guide of The Economist magazine, after explaining the difference between the two terms, leaves no ambiguity about what its reporters should use: “Renminbi, which means the people’s currency, is the description of the yuan, as sterling is the description of the pound.  Use yuan.”  The Financial Times favors the use of renminbi over […] The post Renminbi vs. yuan appeared first on Marginal REVOLUTION.

25 октября, 00:01

Testing Federal Power Over Immigration

An upcoming birthright citizenship case at the Supreme Court could give some insight as to whether Donald Trump’s proposed ban on immigration could pass Constitutional muster.

24 октября, 21:20

Bonus Quotation of the Day…

(Don Boudreaux) Tweet… is from the late Clemson University (and GMU) economist Bob Tollison: We’re all part of the equilibrium. With this short observation, Bob meant to cheer scholars who cannot perceive the consequences of their work on public policy and law.  These few words – which I heard Bob say verbally several times in his distinctive […]

24 октября, 20:37

Высказывание дочери российского олигарха вызвало скандал

Неосторожное высказывание 22-летней дочери российского олихарха в соцсети вызвало небывалый резонанс. Элина Бажаева. Фото: соцсети Сразу после свадьбы в Монако 22-летняя наследница миллиардера Мусы Бажаева Элина отправилась с супругом — 24-летним Бекханом Мамакаевым — в свадебное путешествие по США, передает Life. Горячие пляжи Майами и огни Лас-Вегаса так впечатлили новоиспеченную невесту, что любые разговоры о возвращении на Родину она пресекает на корню. В социальной сети студентка магистратуры МГИМО делится подробностями своего вояжа по Штатам, а на вопрос подписчика "Где лучше, в США или в Рашке?" Элина ответила довольно категорично: "Везде лучше, чем в Рашке". При этом Бажаева признается, что "при одной мысли о Москве ей становится дурно". Фото: соцсети Скандальное высказывание наследницы российского олигарха Мусы Бажаева Элины о том, что "везде лучше, чем в Рашке", вызвало небывалый резонанс в Сети. Пользователи Интернета советует девушке не появляться больше в России, а депутат Виталий Милонов сообщил, что даже ноги студентки МГИМО Бажаевой не будет в МИД России. Фото: соцсети Сама Элина поспешила оправдаться за свое сообщение в социальной сети Ask.fm: "Откровенная провокация, выдуманная из ниоткуда. Говоря о том, что не хочу в Москву, я уточняла, что именно меня гнетет: погода и пробки. НИКОГДА я не говорила плохо о России в целом ни в соцсетях, включая эту, ни за их пределами. Когда меня просят посоветовать университет в Москве, я руками и ногами ЗА МГИМО, а нашего президента всегда называла лучшим. Все это здесь есть. Поэтому раздуть из моей нелюбви к серому небу ненависть к моей Родине как минимум непрофессионально, а как максимум — безнравственно и безрассудно", — пишет Элина Бажаева. Фото: соцсети Напомним, свадьба Элины Бажаевой и сына чеченского бизнесмена Алихана Мамакаева прошла в конце сентября в Монте-Карло. Супруг Элины — 24-летний Бекхан — выпускник лондонского университета, говорящий на шести языках. Молодой человек является совладельцем нескольких компаний своего отца. Фото: соцсети С одной из самых красивых чеченок Бекхан познакомился в феврале, а спустя пару месяцев добился от нее согласия на предложение руки и сердца. Торжество состоялось в ресторане Salle Empire при Hotel de Paris, куда в числе прочих была приглашена принцесса Катара шейха Салва. Невеста в самый важный свой день облачилась в платье за 20 миллионов рублей, которое специально для неё сшил ливанский дизайнер Зухаир Мурад. Отец Элины — Муса Бажаев — владеет "Группой Альянс" и 40% акций компании "Русская платина". Помимо миллиардного состояния бизнесмен известен широтой души: в мае олигарх отпраздновал свой 50-летний юбилей на 250 миллионов рублей в спорткомплексе "Олимпийский". Читайте также: Чудовищное преступление в Семее: мать выбросила маленькую дочь в реку>> В Павлодарской области мать двоих детей пропала после встречи с экс-супругом>> Сладкая жизнь "подружки" Максата Усенова>> "Если ты меня не забыла": необычное объявление растрогало жителей Алматы (фото)>> Как казахстанцы зарабатывают на донорстве спермы>> Баян Есентаева показала лицо крупным планом (фото)>>

24 октября, 19:33

Donald Trump Is A Serial Anti-Semite

When this campaign is over, let's not forget Donald Trump's steady use of anti-Semitic stereotypes and images throughout the campaign -- ideas that we can expect he'll continue to use when the election is over and he tries to re-invent himself as the leader of a white supremacist nationalist movement and the public face of a new media empire (Trump TV?) with his supporters Roger Ailes (former head of Fox News who has a history of making anti-Semitic comments and was responsible for Fox News' anti-Semitic crusade against the phony "war on Christmas"), Steven Bannon (head of Breitbart News known for his own anti-Semitic remarks), and hedge fund billionaire Robert Mercer (the money behind Breitbart News). Trump's anti-Semitism comes in different shapes and sizes. He verbalizes it, encourages it, enables it, tolerates it, and makes excuses for it. What he doesn't do is condemn it. Trump's most recent anti-Semitic remarks were in a speech, and a tweet, last week that included this line: "Hillary Clinton meets in secret with international banks to plot the destruction of U.S. sovereignty in order to enrich these global financial powers, her special interest friends and her donors." He didn't need to use the word "Jew." This imagery of a global banking cabal will be familiar to anyone who has read The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, the anti-Semitic forgery that has fueled anti-Jewish violence for over a century. These are well-known anti-Semitic code words. The speech -- typical of Trump's paranoid conspiracy theories -- was designed to fire up Trump's white nationalist, anti-Semitic base. Trump's chronic anti-Semitism is often overlooked when reporters and others itemize the long laundry list of the GOP candidate's bigotry and offensive comments, including sexism, racism and insults directed toward Muslims and the physically disabled. Trump has often retweeted messages from white supremacists and anti-Semites, including the image of Clinton with a Jewish star and $100 bills in the background and the headline "Most Corrupt Candidate Ever." In response to Trump's repeated claim about the election being rigged, the popular right-wing site The Daily Stormer wrote that "People aren't going to quietly go home if the Jews steal this election from us." Other sites that support Trump have posted similar slurs. It should be no surprise anti-Semitic comments on social media have skyrocketed, because Trump is normalizing it, bringing these ugly stereotypes, once relegated to the lunatic fringe of the Internet, into the mainstream. A new Anti-Defamation League report uncovered more than 2.6 million tweets with anti-semitic comments and images between August 2015 and July 2016 -- a huge upsurge from the previous year. Many of them identified themselves as Trump supporters or Clinton haters, and many of them (including death threats) were directed at Jewish journalists who had been critical of Trump. Trump's comment about Clinton's ties to an international banking conspiracy was not an off-hand remark. He has a history of making anti-Semitic remarks, including this comment in a speech during this campaign to the Republican Jewish Coalition (a tiny group): "I know why you're not going to support me. You're not going to support me because I don't want your money... Look, I'm a negotiator like you folks, we're negotiators." In one interview, he was asked if he'd read any of Hitler's speeches, Trump said: "If I had these speeches, and I am not saying that I do, I would never read them... My friend Marty Davis from Paramount gave me a copy of Mein Kampf, and he's a Jew." (Fact: Davis is not Jewish). Trump's frequent references at his rallies and during the debates to Sidney Blumenthal, George Soros, and Debbie Wasserman-Schultz -- Jewish supporters of Hillary Clinton -- is no accident. This is not random name-dropping. These are dog whistles aimed at his racist and anti-Semitic supporters. He once tweeted: "I promise you that I'm much smarter than Jonathan Leibowitz - I mean Jon Stewart @TheDailyShow. Who, by the way, is totally overrated." On his show, Stewart often referred to himself as Jewish. But only an anti-Semite like Trump would refer to Stewart's Jewish-sounding real name in this way. Earlier this year Trump initially refused to condemn and reject support from former Ku Klux Klan leader David Duke, the well-known racist and anti-Semite. One of Trump's foreign policy advisers, Joseph Schmitz, is accused of bragging that he pushed out Jewish employees when he was Defense Department inspector general a decade ago. He also made comments denying the magnitude of the Holocaust. When accused of fostering anti-Semitism, Trump often reminds people that his daughter Ivanka married a Jew (Jared Kushner) and converted to Judaism. But even members of Kushner's family have expressed their concern about his excuses for Trump's ugly remarks. In most presidential election over the past 50 years, about 70-80 percent of Jews typically vote for the Democratic candidate, higher than any demographic group except African Americans. Don't be surprised if this year 85-90 percent of Jews vote for Hillary Clinton. This, of course, will trigger even more anti-Semitic outbursts from Trump and his followers. The likely uptick in Jewish voting for this year's Democratic candidate is due as much to Jews' overall liberal views on abortion and women's rights, environmental and economic policy, and opposition to Trump's ugly comments about Muslims and others than to their concerns about his repugant anti-Semitism. But Trump's anti-Semitic remarks surely compounded their opposition to the Republican demagogue. House Speaker Paul Ryan and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell initially ignored Trump's anti-Hillary Jewish star tweet last July until they were embarrassed into denouncing it. But Republican leaders have not condemned Trump's persistent anti-Semitism or the upsurge of Jew hatred that he has encouraged. And when will the handful of Jews who still support Trump -- including Steve Mnuchin ( a Wall Street banker and hedge fund billionaire as well as Trump's finance chair) and Sheldon Adelson (a billionaire casino owner and GOP mega-donor whose newspaper, the Las Vegas Review Journal) endorsed Trump this week) -- come to their senses? Peter Dreier is professor of politics and chair of the Urban & Environmental Policy Department at Occidental College. His most recent book is The 100 Greatest Americans of the 20th Century: A Social Justice Hall of Fame (Nation Books) -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

24 октября, 18:59

America and Britain's War over Cold War Missiles

Steve Weintz Security, Europe How the “special relationship” almost sank. Mark Twain probably didn’t make the famous quip, “History doesn’t repeat itself but it rhymes,” but the phrase’s sentiment often feels right. In discussing British independence, U.S. nuclear policy, strategic-weapons upgrades and a fraying “special relationship,” we could be discussing current events—or those of a half-century ago. In the late 1950s, Britain’s defense establishment faced some grim realities. The empire and its wealth were no more, and nuclear weapons were very costly. Although UK scientists played major roles in the Manhattan Project, postwar espionage and U.S. mistrust of the British led to a chill in collaboration and to the UK’s drive for an independent nuclear deterrent. By 1958 the UK possessed manned bombers like the Avro Vulcan and Handley-Page Victor capable of delivering British thermonuclear bombs to the Soviet Union. However, the development of successful surface-to-air missiles (SAM) rendered World War II–style manned bomber fleets vulnerable and eventually obsolete. Ballistic missiles arrived in the late 1950s, their promise of extreme speed and invulnerability hampered by the challenges of rocket science and concerns about control. Once fired, a land-based missile slips the bonds of its handlers and cannot be recalled. A manned bomber can loiter for hours awaiting the outcome of diplomacy. By 1958, American defense firms determined that launching a ballistic missile from an aircraft was possible. The concept combined the loiter ability of a manned aircraft with the Sunday punch of an H-bomb on an rocket. New guidance systems employing star tracking to update inertial-guidance modules promised accuracy close to that of land-based ICBMs. At the same time, Britain’s defense firms struggled with their homegrown ballistic missile project, Blue Streak. (The heirs of Shakespeare adopted the most colorful naming scheme for their nuclear projects: Violet Club, Red Beard, Black Prince.) Blue Streak was behind schedule and over budget, but faced the more daunting problem of geography. The British Isles lack vast sparsely populated areas suitable for missile silos, and such silos would be easy to target. Read full article

24 октября, 18:11

How Siberia became part of Russia

Expeditions in the 1500s eventually led Russians all the way to the PacificSiberia became a part of Russia with incredible speed. In 1585, the first Russian expedition attempting to cross the Eurasian continent perished beyond the Urals; only 54 years later, however, Russians reached the Pacific Ocean. The history of Russians in Siberia Russia's contact with Siberia's indigenous populations began long before the ill-fated military expedition to the Urals. The 14th-century Laurentian Codex, which is the oldest record of the history of Northern Russia, mentions Gurat Rogovich from Novgorod who went on an expedition to the "Ugra lands” in the 11th century. According to Russian historian Sergei Solovyov, the "great mountains and copper gaits" mentioned in the Codex are the Urals. In a subsequent period, the Ushkuiniks — pirate warriors from Novgorod who traveled along the rivers in flat-bottomed boats — would often raid those territories. In 1483, Muscovite warriors went on a military campaign to the Urals, and in 1555, the Khanate of Sibir, an ethnically diverse Muslim state made up of indigenous Siberian tribes, became a vassal of the Russian tsar. However, in 1563, a new leader, Kuchum, became khan and reasserted the independence of the Khanate. Source: Press photo The first full-fledged Russian colonization expedition to Siberia was Cossack Yermak's campaign against Kuchum in 1581. By that time, the khan had begun raiding bordering Russian lands. Yermak, who began his expedition with 540 Cossacks, gathered more troops as he moved further into Siberia, fighting local tribes and the khan’s forces along the way. In 1585, Kuchum’s men led a raid on Yermak’s camp and killed the Cossack leader and most of his soldiers. But it was too late to stop the colonization of Siberia. New Russian expeditions built forts in Siberia, which later evolved into large cities. In 1586, the city of Tyumen (current population 720,000) was founded; in 1604 — Tomsk (population: 570,000) and in 1628 — Krasnoyarsk, home to more than one million people today. Not a colony Unlike the British territories in North America, Siberia was not a colony. Russia did not divide its territories along such lines. The region just became a part of the expanding Russian Empire. The local elites were integrated into the Russian administrative systems. For example, Kuchum's son eventually signed a peace agreement, and his grandson became head of the Qasim Khanate, a Tatar vassal state of Russia. Experts believe that before the arrival of the Russians, 240,000-300,000 indigenous people lived in Siberia on a territory of 5 million square miles. The Siberian tribes fought fiercely against one another, and many of them accepted Russian rule as a way to avoid further bloodshed. However, the further east the Cossack explorers went, the more resistance they faced from those groups who wanted to preserve their independence. The Russian government used forts and garrisons to spread its power, but indigenous tribes attacked and burn the forts, which led to retaliatory strikes by the Cossacks. Folklorist Georgy Ergis says that in the legends of the Yakut people, Russians are described as "people of battles and massacres." The last holdouts The Chukchi were one of the most defiant indigenous people of Siberia. They fiercely fought the Cossacks and often even defeated them on occasion. The scale of the battles between the Chukchi and the Cossacks were not great — in one serious defeat on the Orlova River, the Russian forces lost 51 men — but eventually the imperial government had enough. In 1742, the tsar issued a decree: "Attack the restless Chukchi with an armed hand; eradicate them completely." Yermak's conquest of Siberia. Vasily Surikov. / Source: Wikipedia.org Like native groups in other parts of the world, the indigenous people of Siberia were vulnerable to diseases brought by Russian explorers. "The new illnesses weakened and demoralized the indigenous population," historian John Richards wrote. "They destroyed 80 percent of the Tungusic people and 44 percent of the Yukaghir people." Nevertheless, the aim of Russia's expansion was not genocide or the enslavement of the Siberian peoples but to impose a tribute on them and include the new lands in the Russian Empire. Usually, Russians would resort to weapons only if their diplomatic efforts failed. Today approximately 10 percent of the population of Siberia is made up of native peoples. In the Republic of Sakha-Yakutia, for example, there are more ethnic Yakuts than Russians.

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24 октября, 16:25

The Determinants of Quality Specialization -- by Jonathan I. Dingel

A growing literature suggests that high-income countries export high-quality goods. Two hypotheses may explain such specialization, with different implications for welfare, inequality, and trade policy. Fajgelbaum, Grossman, and Helpman (2011) formalize the Linder hypothesis that home demand determines the pattern of specialization and therefore predict that high-income locations export high-quality products. The factor-proportions model also predicts that skill-abundant, high-income locations export skill-intensive, high-quality products. Prior empirical evidence does not separate these explanations. I develop a model that nests both hypotheses and employ microdata on US manufacturing plants' shipments and factor inputs to quantify the two mechanisms' roles in quality specialization across US cities. Home-market demand explains as much of the relationship between income and quality as differences in factor usage.

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24 октября, 16:25

Endogenous Network Formation in Congress -- by Nathan Canen, Francesco Trebbi

This paper presents and structurally estimates a model of endogenous network formation and legislative activity of career-motivated politicians. Employing data on socialization and legislative effort of members of the 105th-110th U.S. Congresses, our model reconciles a set of empirical regularities, including: recent trends in Congressional productivity; the complementarity of socialization processes and legislative activities in the House of Representatives; substantial heterogeneity across legislators in terms of effort and success rate in passing specific legislation. We avoid taking the social structure of Congress as exogenously given and instead embed it in a model of endogenous network formation useful for developing relevant counterfactuals, including some pertinent to the congressional emergency response to the 2008-09 financial crisis. Our counterfactual analysis further demonstrates how to empirically identify the specific equilibrium at play within each Congress among the multiple equilibria typically present in this class of games.

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24 октября, 16:25

The Effect of Air Pollution on Investor Behavior: Evidence from the S&P 500 -- by Anthony Heyes, Matthew Neidell, Soodeh Saberian

We provide detailed empirical evidence of a direct effect of air pollution on the efficient operation of the New York Stock Exchange, linking short-term variations in fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in Manhattan to movements in the S&P 500. The effects are substantial - a one standard deviation increases in ambient PM2.5 reduces same-day returns by 11.9% in our preferred specification - and remarkably robust to a variety of specifications and a battery of robustness and falsification checks. Furthermore, the intra-day effects that we observe are difficult to reconcile with competing hypotheses. Despite investors being dispersed geographically we find strong evidence that the effect is strictly local in nature, consistent with the high concentration of market influencers in New York. While we are agnostic as to the underlying mechanism, we provide evidence suggestive of the role of decreased risk tolerance operating through pollution-induced changes in mood or cognitive function.

24 октября, 15:00

Startups Could Fundamentally Change the Way Big Investors Operate

Innovation has the potential to transform the investment industry. Small startup firms are already developing proprietary technologies — such as machine vision, deep learning, and other innovations —– that could help large investors evaluate opportunities and risks with far greater accuracy and efficiency than was previously possible. Yet the world’s largest funds are closed off from these innovations. Research we have collected in recent months shows that pension funds, sovereign wealth funds, and endowments expect imminent breakthrough innovations in investment technology. But almost none of these institutional-investment giants have any policies in place for monitoring or engaging with the startups who are creating next-generation investment technologies. The success of institutional-investment firms is socioeconomically vital: Their task is to grow the financial assets needed to fund retirements, development, education, scientific research, and many other capabilities associated with pensions, endowments, foundations, sovereign wealth funds, and the like. In short, we need the world’s biggest investors to connect with the world’s nimblest investment-technology startups. But right now that’s not happening. In September 2016 we undertook a survey of nearly 300 endowment and foundation managers. None responded that their organization was “proactively looking” for startups that offer performance-improving investment technologies, despite the fact that 76% of them anticipate startups will deliver the next major “invest-tech” innovations. Likewise, in a more focused study of eight large public pension funds, we found that none are using startup companies as a main source for innovation. Instead, they tend to perpetuate the status quo: 75% predominantly rely on large, established vendors and relationships to source their investment technology. We have replicated these results in other surveys of C-suite executives at large public pension and sovereign wealth funds. This disconnect is a major problem for the continuing development of efficient capital markets. Collectively, the world’s investment giants hold in excess of $70 trillion in assets, which represents the bulk of investable capital globally. Given their size and appetite for diversification, these gigantic investors are a significant source of financing for many companies and governments in the developed world, and their investment activities can and do move markets. The lack of engagement is all the more perplexing due to the fact that the giants are unsatisfied with the performance of their current suite of technologies. How is this state of affairs possible? Large investors rely on an assortment of intermediaries to help them with their investment activities, including asset managers, such as hedge funds, investment banks, and consultants. This reliance has evolved because despite the enormous volumes of capital they control, most of these giants are strictly “firewalled” and cannot use the capital to fund actual operations, even if doing so would generate higher expected investment returns or lower risk. Consequently, giant funds are often hamstrung by proportionally tiny operating budgets, which have historically forced them into the all-too-happy hands of intermediaries. These intermediaries generally charge significant fees, which affords them the luxury of building technological economies of scale, even when their investment returns are inconsistent and disappointing. Another problem is that, just as the giants aren’t paying attention to startups, too few startups are thinking earnestly about the “boring” world of institutional investment, even though it is an industry ripe for massive disruption. Although “fintech” has recently enjoyed substantial popularity within the entrepreneurial community, startups in Silicon Valley and elsewhere focus primarily on consumer-finance problems, such as payments, peer-to-peer lending, crowdsourced fundraising, and other individual-level activities, rather than institutional-investment applications. As such, the most promising next-generation invest-tech is emerging from startups that aren’t focusing, at least initially, on financial applications. Rather, they begin by tackling other pursuits, such as using satellites to track rainforest destruction or predicting social-media sentiment for brands. The good news is that we see a trend of dynamic young businesses beginning to realize that the pattern-detection and extrapolative powers of the digital (and, in many cases, physical) infrastructures that they have been building and refining can be repurposed from Main Street applications to Wall Street. And, as has become the hallmark of today’s best startups, some have already begun the process of pivoting. First, several startups are giving access to unconventional forms of data. Orbital Insight, for example, uses a global network of imaging satellites and specialized machine-vision and shadow-tracking algorithms to monitor: traffic turnover in retailer parking lots; the pace of construction for new buildings; plumes of effluent at factories; and vehicle payloads leaving mining sites, to name just a few examples. Such granular, real-time data on business and economic activity has never been so directly available to giant funds before, and it could equip them to more readily value risks and performance. Second, deep-learning capabilities are sharpening the inferences that large funds can make. Companies like Skymind now have tools (increasingly open source) that allow deeper processing of conventional data, such as annual reports and filings, to spot irregularities, anomalies, and inconsistencies that might indicate fraud or underperformance. Third, invest-tech that can mine social media and other “semantic” data streams is enabling sharper evaluation of companies’ intangible assets, such as customer loyalty and brand reputation. Tools like Predata have already shown strong performance in teasing out subtle relationships from social media in general, and the fact that more companies are relying on these channels for customer engagement means understanding the risks in such approaches will become a part of more large investors’ tool kits. Fourth, widening availability of machine-intelligence algorithms and packages — e.g., TensorFlow and OpenAI — means that giant funds have access to computational firepower, allowing them to challenge (and empirically verify) established conventions in various industries, such as who is a competitor for whom. And rather than having to trust companies’ self-reports about what information matters most, investment giants can easily verify the factors that are most material for performance and make specific demands to have it be transparently disclosed. We foresee that startups and large investors will soon become better at finding one another. When this happens, the value creation will be substantial. For instance, startups might be able to access some of the $2 trillion that giant institutional investors currently allocate to hedge funds and divert it to their own growth. An influx of that scale would dwarf the approximately $78 billion invested in startups by venture capitalists in 2015. Moreover, the use of truly open innovation by the world’s large funds would spell deep disruption for the finance industry in ways that could genuinely advantage citizens and institutions for whom giant funds ultimately operate. As a result of this deepening disruption, the ways in which companies are valued and capital gets allocated could change forever.

24 октября, 12:56

Дочь олигарха Мусы Бажаева написала из Америки, что "везде лучше, чем в Рашке"

Сразу после свадьбы в Монако 22-летняя наследница миллиардера Мусы Бажаева Элина отправилась с супругом — 24-летним Бекханом Мамакаевым — в свадебное путешествие по США. Горячие пляжи Майами и огни Лас-Вегаса так впечатлили новоиспечённую жену, что любые разговоры о возвращении на Родину она пресекает на корню. В социальной сети студентка магистратуры МГИМО делится подробностями своего вояжа по Штатам, а на вопрос подписчика "Где лучше, в США или в Рашке?" Элина ответила довольно категорично: "Везде лучше, чем в Рашке". При этом Бажаева признаётся, что "при одной мысли о Москве ей становится дурно".  Напомним, свадьба Элины Бажаевой и сына чеченского бизнесмена Алихана Мамакаева прошла в конце сентября в Монте-Карло. Супруг Элины — 24-летний Бекхан — выпускник лондонского университета, говорящий на шести языках. Молодой человек является совладельцем нескольких компаний своего отца. С одной из самых красивых чеченок Бекхан познакомился в феврале, а спустя пару месяцев добился от неё согласия на предложение руки и сердца. Торжество состоялось в ресторане Salle Empire при Hotel de Paris, куда в числе прочих была приглашена принцесса Катара шейха Салва. Невеста в самый важный свой день облачилась в платье за 20 миллионов рублей, которое специально для неё сшил ливанский дизайнер Зухаир Мурад. Отец Элины — Муса Бажаев — владеет "Группой Альянс" и 40% акций компании "Русская платина". Помимо миллиардного состояния бизнесмен известен широтой души: в мае олигарх отпраздновал свой 50-летний юбилей на 250 миллионов рублей в спорткомплексе "Олимпийский".  

23 октября, 23:51

Five Stupendous Lies Told By Buglers for Military Intervention in Syria

Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton and her fellow buglers for greater United States military intervention in Syria build their case on five stupendous lies. 1. Lie Number 1: The world will not forgive us for inaction in the face of mass atrocities in Syria. Nothing dries faster than a politician's tear. International relations are unsentimental. The strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they must. The world has "forgiven" us for inaction while Stalin and Mao collectively murdered over 100 million, genocides unfolded in Rwanda and Cambodia, and Hitler exterminated 6 million Jews. At present, the world is not rebuking us for inaction during the killings of more than 5 million Congolese in an ongoing civil war and during the mass atrocities and starvation that are besetting the South Sudanese people. Today, we enjoy a semi-alliance with Vietnam despite dropping 388,000 tons of napalm and killing more than 2 million civilians during the Vietnam War. 2. Lie Number 2: The carnage in Syria would be diminished if the United States provided military assistance and intervened on behalf of moderate Syrian rebels fighting President Bashar al-Assad, the Russians, and Hezbollah. There are no moderates in Syria dedicated to the rule of law and democratic norms. All Syrian fighters are driven by ulterior motives to make their tribe dominate others. Internecine warfare rages amongst the rebels. A $500 million Pentagon plan to vet and train 15,000 moderate fighters collapsed because no qualified enrollees could be discovered. The United States consistently and wrongly believes that common opponents of our enemies are moderates. The mujahideen in Afghanistan that we supported against the Soviet Union didn't miss a beat in turning to perpetrate the 9/11 abominations under the Al -Qaeda banner. We entered the Vietnam War and lost 58,000 soldiers to support supposititious moderate South Vietnamese leaders against Communist North Vietnam. The perceived moderates like Ngo Dinh Diem, Big Minh, and Nguyen Van Thieu were autocratic and commanded no popular legitimacy. When the United States withdrew from the war, South Vietnam collapsed and all of our sacrifices went for naught. 3. Lie Number 3: Russia will gain at our expense. The opposite is the truth. Conquest or occupation of a hostile population weakens the conqueror or occupier. The annexation of Crimea has proven an economic albatross to Russia. The Soviet Empire disintegrated in 1991 because the costs of occupying and subsidizing Eastern and Central Europe were prohibitive. President Vladimir Putin is losing money and men to support Syrian President al-Assad in exchange for the fleeting and juvenile thrill of projecting power for its own sake. The United States loses nothing by inaction. Thus, after we refused to rescue South Vietnamese President Thieu from defeat by North Vietnam in 1975, sixteen years later the USSR--our arch-enemy--fell without our firing a single shot. We were left as the sole superpower in the world in large measure through masterly inactivity. 4. Lie Number 4: If Aleppo succumbs to President Al-Assad and President Putin, international terrorism against the United States will spiral. This is nonsense on stilts. Assad and Putin are enemies, not allies, of ISIS and Al Qaeda. Their takeover of Aleppo would be a setback for international terrorism. President Reagan withdrew our troops from Lebanon in 1984 after the Hezbollah terrorist attack on our Marine barracks in Beirut, but no spike in international terrorism against us ensued. 5. Lie Number 5: The credibility of the United States as the leader and defender of the free world will be devastated. This argument if the last refuge of a scoundrel eager to risk the lives and fortunes of others to gratify a craving for power or domination. Our withdrawal from Vietnam made us stronger, not weaker. Ditto for Lebanon. The argument's premise is also flawed. As the United States Constitution and patriotism require, we pursue self-interest abroad like all other nations. Freedom is made subservient to Realpolitik. We have sold a staggering $90 billion in arms to Saudi Arabia in recent years despite its oppressive monarchy, military intervention in Bahrain to suppress freedom, and war crimes in Yemen. We recognize the dictatorial People's Republic of China at the expense of the democratic Republic of China on Taiwan. We are snug with Egypt's President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi despite his totalitarian methods. Other examples are endless. In sum, Syria is as irrelevant to the national security of the United States as is the ongoing and equally tragic civil war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. We should offer humanitarian aid and a welcome mat for vetted refugees from both nations, express sympathy for the war victims, but refrain from any direct or indirect military involvement. If private American citizens wish that more be done, they can contribute their money and risk their lives and limbs hoping to give birth to freedom in Damascus or Kinshasa. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

23 октября, 22:27

Weekend Reading: Olivier Blanchard (2007): Monetary Policy, Labor Markets, and Fiscal Policy

**Olivier Blanchard** (2007): _[Monetary Policy, Labor Markets, and Fiscal Policy][]_: "Why is inflation targeting so popular, both among central banks and among academic economists? For two conceptually separate reasons... [Monetary Policy, Labor Markets, and Fiscal Policy]: http://economics.mit.edu/files/2003 >The first is the obvious one. Stabilizing inflation is good per se. The...

21 ноября 2013, 08:27

Список литературы от Андрея Фурсова [3]

Книги на иностранных языках. В качестве источника использованы статьи и выступления Андрея Ильича Фурсова.  Герберт Уэллс одна из самых зловещих фигур 20-го века, который в конце 30х годов написал две книги, одна называется "Открытый заговор", а другая "О будущем", где откровенно говорилось о том, что будущее это жёсткий контроль верхушки над населением, у власти должны быть учёные и технократы, остальные выполняют их волю. В этом отношении Оруэлл и Хаксли только популяризировали идеи Бертрана Рассела и Герберта Уэллса. Удивительным образом не переведено на русский язык всё, что связано с глобальным управлением, более того эти книжки не переводились даже для служебного пользования. Название: Behold a Pale Horse Автор: William Milton Cooper Год: 1991 Язык: английский Уильям Купер – это человек, который специализировался на таких темах, как убийство Кеннеди, летающие тарелки. Он автор книги «Конь бледный». Так вот в июне Уильям Купер делает заявление, что в Соединенных Штатах, скорее всего в сентябре, самое позднее в октябре, произойдут серьезные теракты, и вину за них возложат на человека по имени Усама бин Ладен. Именно так, потому что у нас часто пишут Осама бен Ладен. Дело в том, что в арабском языке нет буквы «о» и нет буквы «е», так что Усама бин Ладен. В конце 2001-го года Купера застрелили полицейские, обвинив его в том, что он якобы оказал сопротивление полиции, а потом побежал и стал отстреливаться. Бедолаги полицейские и те, кто стоял за ними не знали, что Купер не мог бегать. Он вьетнамский ветеран и у него не было одной ноги, был протез. Однако этого человека застрелили – человека, который в 2001-м году сообщил о готовящемся теракте. Тем не менее, не смотря на все это, все повесили на Усаму бин Ладена Название: Our Times Автор: A. N. Wilson Год: 2008 Язык: английский В книге «Наше время», это по сути дела социальная история Англии, написанная популярно, автор пишет, что в 50-е годы англичане жили довольно бедно после войны, но они знали, что они англичане. А вот при Тэтчер произошло следующее, пишет он – «Англия превратилась в ничейный дом». Название: Rise of Professional Society, Revised Edition: England since 1880 Автор: Harold Perkin Год: 1989 Язык: английский Название: L'empire et les nouveaux barbares Автор: Jean-Christophe Rufin Год: 1991 Язык: французский В 1991 году во Франции вышла во многом пророческая книга очень интересного автора Жана Кристофа Рюфэна «Империя и новые варвары». Он пишет о том, что после 2020 года Европа и Соединенные Штаты, но в первую очередь Европа, столкнутся с очень серьезной проблемой — наплывом мигрантов, новых варваров. И в этой связи у Севера есть только три возможные стратегии в отношениях с новыми варварами. Первую он называет стратегией Клебера. Клебер — это французский генерал, соратник Наполеона, которого тот оставил в Египте, где Клебер насаждал европейские порядки и был убит. Вторая стратегия — стратегия экс-министра стратегического планирования Бразилии Роберто Мангабейра Унгеры: белый человек, европеец поднимает знамя борьбы Востока против Запада и возглавляет афро-азиатские орды. Наконец, третья стратегия — это стратегия Марка Аврелия. Европейцы проводят черту и не пускают варваров на свою территорию. Книга вышла почти 20 лет назад, и сегодня ясно, что стратегия Марка Аврелия, которой симпатизировал Рюфен, не срабатывает — африканцы и арабы уже в Европе. Название: The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life Автор: Charles Murray, Richard J. Herrnstein Год: 1994 Язык: английский Название: Coming Apart: The State of White America, 1960-2010 Автор: Charles Murray Год: 2012 Язык: английский На основе социологического исследования автор говорит о том, что 1% наверху, он вообще никак не соотносится с 99% Америки и другого человечества. Эти люди, которые живут сами по себе вообще, у них своя замкнутая среда обитания. А остальные 99%, в принципе, им помеха – это лишние едоки и т.д. Не надо мыслящую Землю создавать, есть альтернативная уже форма, для которой остальные 99% не нужны. Название: Доклад "Кризис демокартии" (The Crisis of Democracy) Автор: С.Хантингтон, М.Крозье, Дз.Ватануки (Michel Crozier, Samuel P. Huntington, Joji Watanuki) Год: 1975 Язык: английский Название: How the Scots Invented the Modern World Автор: Arthur Herman Год: 2001 Очень часто национальное государство противопоставляется империям. Началось это еще в XIX веке, когда французская и английская пропаганда твердила о том, какие плохие империи Австро-Венгрия, Германия и Россия, и какие хорошие – национальные государства Франция и Великобритания. Это было лукавством. Дело в том, что и Франция, и Великобритания были империями. Одна – сухопутная колониальная империя, с заморскими владениями, а другая – просто морская империя. Обратите внимание, наиболее успешными были те империи, у которых ядром было то самое национальное государство. Разумеется, эти национальные государства использовали и другие этнические группы. Например, вся история Ост-Индской кампании – это на 20% шотландцы. Есть даже очень забавная книжка «Мир, который создали шотландцы» – об экспансии Великобритании. Но, в любом случае, именно имперскость, империя – хорошее противоядие-антидот национализма. История показывает, что трагическая ирония истории заключается в том, что вне и без империи русские вообще лишаются исторических шансов.  Название: Les Royaumes combattants Автор: Jean-François Susbielle Язык: французский В 2008 году в Париже вышла в свет книга Жан-Франсуа Сюсбьеля «Борющиеся царства. К новой мировой войне». По мнению автора, после 2020-го мир вступит в период, похожий на эпоху Чжаньго («Борющиеся царства») в китайской истории, когда семь примерно равных по силе царств – Ци, Чу, Янь, Хань, Чжао, Вэй и Цинь – в течение почти двух столетий (403–221 до н. э.) вели борьбу за объединение китайского мира. Похоже, глобальный мир тоже вступает в подобную эпоху, и предлагаемая система «автономного управления» – один из индикаторов ее приближения. Название: The Sorrows of Empire: Militarism, Secrecy, and the End of the Republic Автор: Chalmers Ashby Johnson Год: 2004 Язык: английский Как показывает история, контроль над миром или крупным регионом, как правило, оборачивается сворачиванием демократии внутри страны-контролера. Классический пример - Рим. Как только он захватил полный контроль над Средиземноморьем, республика была обречена. Кстати, Чалмерс Джонсон в книге "Печали империи" (2004 г.) прямо пишет о том, что республика в Америке закончилась в 1990-е годы, к власти фактически пришли военные. Они строят мировую империю, которая дорого обойдется американскому народу. У книги показательный подзаголовок: "Милитаризм, секретность и конец республики". "Имперская республика" США ХХ в. превращается в квазиимперию. Впрочем, мощь этой империи - как военную, так и финансовую - переоценивать не стоит. Название: Coningsby, or The New Generation Автор: Benjamin Disraeli Год: 1844 Язык: английский В РФ действительно налицо противостояние между богатыми и бедными, растущий разрыв, поляризация между ними — децильный коэффициент и индекс Джини зашкаливают. Ситуация весьма похожа на накал классового антагонизма в Великобритании 1830-1840-х годов, который Дизраэли, тогда ещё не премьер-министр, а романист, охарактеризовал как наличие "двух наций". Т.е. социальный разрыв был таков, что верхи и низы оказались чуждыми друг другу как две различные нации (то же было в пореформенной России). Какой же выход видел Дизраэли? Простой: сокращение опасного разрыва социальными и экономическими мерами. Название: The Anglo-American Establishment: From Rhodes to Cliveden Автор: Carroll Quigley Год: 1949 Язык: английский Можно сказать, что заговор был конкретной формой подготовки войн - системой выявления, артикуляции и представления тайным образом определенных интересов преимущественно наднационального уровня. А лучшим средством реализации этого процесса являлись различные закрытые или просто тайные структуры и их агенты. Причем многие структуры подобного рода создавались на самом высоком уровне. Один из лучших примеров - группа Сесила Родса, историю которой великолепно описал американский историк Кэрролл Куигли (1910-1977) в работе «Англо-американский истеблишмент», изданной в 1981 году. Название: Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World Автор: Barrington Moore Jr. Год: 1966 Язык: английский Достаточно взглянуть на 3 разные модернизации в Западной Европе 17 -19 веков, чтобы понять, что они зависели от исхода социальных битв, социальных боев 16 -17 веков, о чем Баррингтон Мур написал еще в 1966 году в своей замечательной работе «Социальные происхождения диктатуры и демократии», в которой анализировал 3 варианта европейской модернизации и все зависит от того, кто кому сломал хребет в социальных сражениях. Франция - корона и крестьяне, грубо говоря, сделали феодалов, феодал превращается в аристократа, переезжает ближе ко двору. Это один вариант модернизации через абсолютистское государство. Второй вариант с точностью до наоборот, где бывшие сеньоры выигрывают сражение у короны и крестьянства, второе издание крепостничества. Почему то есть такое мнение, что модернизация – это такой вариант развития обязательно с демократией, с парламентом и т. д. Модернизация может быть и в другой форме, форме рабства, вторичного издания крепостничества, она вообще может быть в архаичной форме. Это тоже модернизация. Третий вариант – это социальная ничья между крестьянами и землевладельцами, возникновения компромиссного уникального слоя в Англии, собственно из которого и выросла индустриализация. Один автор работ по социальной истории Англии написал однажды, что английская индустриализация могла вырасти только из землевладельческого строя Англии 17 – 18 века. Я думаю, что он прав. Название: The Cold War: A History Автор: Martin Walker Год: 1995 Язык: английский Глобальный, всеохватывающий характер ХВ хорошо подметил Мартин Уокер в замечательной книге «Холодная война». «Южную Америку и Африку к югу от Сахары, - писал он, - континенты, которые раньше оказывались вне борьбы, теперь засосало в ее воронку. Турки сражались в Корее, алжирцы - во Вьетнаме, кубинцы - в Анголе, а американские и русские школьники, чьи уроки в школе прерывались тренировочными сигналами угрозы атомной бомбардировки, росли, чтобы погибнуть в Сайгоне и Кабуле».  Названия: The Mind of the Strategist, The End of the Nation State and, The Borderless World Автор: Kenichi Ohmae Язык: английский Глобальному рынку капиталов адекватны, с одной стороны, наднациональные (структуры типа Евросоюза или НАФТА), которые намного крупнее государства, и они выигрывают за счёт масштаба и размера, с другой — региональные блоки, которые меньше государства, и они выигрывают за счёт динамики. Известный японский бизнесмен и исследователь К. Омаэ назвал такие блоки регион-экономиками — по аналогии с броделевско-валлерстайновской мир-экономикой, которой они, по его мнению, идут на смену. ). Классические регион-экономики — это Северная Италия, район Баден-Вюртемберг на верхнем Рейне, Силиконовая долина, «треугольник роста» Сингапур — Джохор — о-ва Риау, Токийский район, район Кансай (Осака — Кобе — Киото), Сан-Паулу в Бразилии и др. Главная причина эффективности регион-экономик — умение решать региональные проблемы с привлечением ресурсов глобальной экономики и, разумеется, то, что их социальные и политические характеристики жёстко подогнаны под экономические требования финансовой системы глобализации — никакой социальной или политической «лирики», homo economicus на марше. Название: Islamisme et États-Unis, une alliance contre l'Europe Автор: Alexandre del Valle Язык: французский Год: 1997 Горючая смесь исламизма, терроризма и наркоторговли, внедряемая, как показывает в работе «Исламизм и США: союз против Европы» А. дель Валь, в Европу спецслужбами США и связанными с ними частными фирмами, представляет серьезную угрозу для европейской государственности, культуры и идентичности. Борьба с европейским упадком, американизацией и исламизмом, пишет дель Валь, суть три аспекта одной и той же проблемы, поскольку, развивает эту мысль директор французского радио Р. Лабевьер, исламисты объективно выступают как «сторожевые псы глобализации» по-американски. В любом случае, в XXI в. США вступают серьезно уменьшив те выгоды, которые Япония и Западная Европа получили в результате победы «глобального Франкенштейна» в «холодной войне». Америка осуществила передел и это, по-видимому, лишь начало; похоже, нас ждут сюрпризы. Название: Tragedy & Hope: A History of the World in Our Time Автор: Carroll Quigley Год: 1966 Язык: английский Название: The Moral Basis of a Backward Society Автор: Edward C. Banfield Год: 1967 Язык: английский Традиционные ценности, формы социальной организации и идентичности в таких районах, как правило, в той или иной степени ослабляются и их место занимает то, что Э.Бэнфилд назвал "аморальным фамильизмом". Однако если такие сельские сообщества смогут организоваться в качестве коллективного грабителя или эксплуататора по отношению к более или менее развитым соседям, то они не только получают экономически-внеэкономическую основу существования, но эта основа становится дополнительным фактором как сохранения или даже усиления коллективного (этнического, социального или территориального) единства, так и ослабления "аморального фамильизма". Хотя последний благодаря "социальному хищничеству", присущему всем формам бандитизма ("вызывающего индивидуализма"), все равно развивается и так или иначе подтачивает кланово-племенную структуру. Еще один фактор ослабления последней и ее иерархии (в банды чаще всего сбиваются бедные и незнатные) - само наличие банд и функционирование бандитского промысла. Иными словами, взаимодействие коллективно-асоциальной и клановоплеменной структур носит противоречивый характер, в него встроен потенциальный конфликт, который и надо в определенных ситуациях (стратегия "святого Амвросия") использовать. Название: Great Degeneration Автор: Niall Ferguson Год: 2012 Язык: английский Америка не может больше доминировать в мире таким образом и в тех формах, в которых это имело место в последнее двадцатилетие – слишком широко шагала, вот и «порвала штаны». Поэтому сегодня американские аналитики в раздумьях: одни, как Чарльз Капчан и Адам Маунт предлагают некое «автономное управление» – передачу Америкой части полицейско-карательных функций, обеспечивающих глобальное накопление капитала, «государствам-преторианцам». Другие, такие как Найл Фергюсон, вообще предупреждают о том, что крушение американской империи может произойти очень быстро – обвально.