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Фонда Карнеги
16 января, 21:59

A Major Problem Emerges For The Davos Elite

Last night we reported that while snacking on $40 hotdogs, the global financial, political and entertainment elite will be "struggling for answers" and cowering in "silent fear" as the world's most powerful people face a force they have never encountered before - the rising tide of populism, first demonstrated by the "unexpected" Brexit vote and subsequently by the "shocking" election of Trump. As Moises Naim of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace put it, "there is a consensus that something huge is going on, global and in many respects unprecedented. But we don't know what the causes are, nor how to deal with it." Adding to the farcical nature of this year's Davos shindig is that, while one of the main topics of discussion is "populism" and social and wealth inequality, overnight a new Oxfam study revealed that not only 8 people own the same amount of wealth as (the poorer) half of the world, but that since 2015, the richest 1 per cent has owned more wealth than the rest of the planet. It is expected that many of the "eight people" noted by Oxfam will be present at Davos.   And while in years past Davos was eager to whistle past the graveyard, and discuss in broad terms the state of the world, ignoring its own role in the unprecedented wealth divide, this year's Davos conference which is officially starting in just a few hours, is facing more immediate problems which it can no longer afford to ignore. One of these is that trust in governments, companies, and thus the executives present at the Forum, has plunged over the past year as ballots from the United States to Britain to the Philippines have rocked political establishments and scandals hit business. Trust in the media itself, meant to be an objective and impartial observer of the Davos boondoggle, yet sadly captured, has likewise crashed to record lows across all age groups. As such, one major problem facing Davos, is one of loss of credibility, as the majority of people now believe the economic and political system is failing them, according to the annual Edelman Trust Barometer, released on Monday ahead of the Jan. 17-20 World Economic Forum. A simpler way of putting it: "There's a sense that the system is broken," Richard Edelman, head of the communications marketing firm that commissioned the research, told Reuters. And it's not just the poor who have lost faith: "The most shocking statistic of this whole study is that half the people who are high-income, college-educated and well-informed also believe the system doesn't work." As Reuters puts it, the 3,000 business, political and academic leaders meeting in the Swiss Alps this week find themselves increasingly out of step with many voters and populist leaders around the world who distrust elites. And this time the increasingly angry world is closely watching. Governments and the media are now trusted by only 41 and 43 percent of people respectively, with confidence in news outlets down particularly sharply after a year in which "post-truth" become the Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year. Trust in business was slightly higher, at 52 percent, but it too has declined amid scandals, including Volkswagen's rigged diesel emission tests and Samsung Electronics' fire-prone smartphones. The credibility of chief executives has fallen in every country surveyed, reaching a low of 18 percent in Japan, while the German figure was 28 percent and the U.S. 38 percent. Trust in governments fell in 14 of the countries surveyed, with South Africa, where Davos regular President Jacob Zuma has faced persistent corruption allegations, ranked bottom with just 15 percent support. Making matters worse, according to a PwC survey released at Davos, even the global business elite is starting to lose oses confidence in the benefits of globalization, i.e. the very bread and butter of the people present at the world's biggest echo chamber symposium.   Which leads us to the second core problem: that of an unprecedented disconnect between "Davos Man" and the real world, and nowhere is this more obvious than in the participants themselves. As Bloomberg puts it, while "the top executives, financiers, academics and politicians making their way up the mountain to the World Economic Forum will be talking a lot about such non-establishment leaders as President-elect Donald Trump, France’s National Front chief Marine Le Pen and Italian populist Beppe Grillo of the Five Star Movement, they won’t be meeting them. Not one of the leaders bent on overturning the world order as Davos has designed it will be present." So much for Davos learning from its mistakes, or truly seeking to reach out to its sworn nemesis: those who have been elected because they represent everything Davos is not. Still, these s0-called " upstarts will loom over the proceedings, Bloomberg notes. "Trump, who won't have an official representative there, has expressed strong feelings about some of the countries sending delegations, including his own." Meanwhile, Europe’s populist leaders, for their part, have "their own view of the annual gathering of the rich, the powerful, the famous  and the sycophantic." And yet, despite the clear and present danger from global populism what does Davos believe is the biggest threat facing the world in 2017? "Extreme Weather." Attendees appear to be less focused on Trump’s presidency or on upcoming elections in France, the Netherlands, Germany and possibly Italy than on other global concerns. The forum’s annual survey on the most likely risks for 2017 found that “extreme weather events” was the top worry. “Failed national governance,” the closest category to such surprise events last year as Brexit and Trump’s election, wasn’t in the top five, although it placed third in 2015. Adding to the surreal nature of this year's meeting, no economic risks have even made it into the top 5 "risk" categories for the second year in a row. While we would be the first to acknowledge that no tangible change in the world can take place without these most important and influential decision-makers sitting down and tackling pressing global issues, what is clear is that the biggest problem facing Davos may also be the simplest, and most reflexive one: a complete failure to diagnose and isolate the biggest problem facing the world at this moment is: the utter cluelessness of Davos itself. Unfortunately, we see no reason why and how this could change.

16 января, 20:50

While Davos Elites Address Populism, Just "Eight Men Own Same Wealth As Half The World"

Submitted by Joseph Jankowski of PlanetFreeWill.com As political and business elite gather at the Swiss ski resort of Davos, a new report is shining light on the shocking reality of the wealth gap between the very rich and poor that is “pull our societies apart.” A report by Oxfam released ahead the World Economic Forum in Davos shows the gap between the ultra-wealthy and the poorest half of the global population is starker than previously thought, with just eight men owning as much wealth as 3.6 billion people. And since 2015, the richest 1 per cent has owned more wealth than the rest of the planet. The report urges the elite to address the problem, warning that public anger against this kind of inequality will continue to grow and cause more political firestorms such as the election of populist Donald Trump as U.S. president or Brexit. “From Brexit to the success of Donald Trump’s presidential campaign, a worrying rise in racism and the widespread disillusionment with mainstream politics, there are increasing signs that more and more people in rich countries are no longer willing to tolerate the status quo,” Oxfam said in its new report. “It is obscene for so much wealth to be held in the hands of so few when 1 in 10 people survive on less than $2 a day,” said Winnie Byanyima, executive director of Oxfam International, who is attending the exclusive meeting in Davos. “Inequality is trapping hundreds of millions in poverty; it is fracturing our societies and undermining democracy.” The same Oxfam report last year showed that it was 62 people holding as much wealth as the bottom half of the population. This year’s report was revised using the Forbes’ billionaires list published in March 2016 which shows that Microsoft founder Gates is the richest individual with a net worth of $75 billion. Here are the top 8 individuals on the list: 1. Bill Gates Net Worth: $75 B Source of wealth: Microsoft   2. Amancio Ortega Net Worth: $67 B Source of wealth: Zara   3. Warren Buffett Net Worth: $60.8 B Source of wealth: Berkshire Hathaway   4. Carlos Slim Helu Net Worth: $50 B Source of wealth: telecom   5. Jeff Bezos Net Worth: $45.2 B Source of wealth: Amazon.com   6. Mark Zuckerberg Net Worth: $44.6 B Source of wealth: Facebook   7. Larry Ellison Net Worth: $43.6 B Source of wealth: Oracle   8. Michael Bloomberg Net Worth: $40 B Source of wealth: Bloomberg LP The Oxfam report also slammed corporate lobbying and crony capitalism. “Crony capitalism benefits the rich, the people who own and run these corporations, at the expense of the common good and of poverty reduction. It means that smaller businesses struggle to compete and ordinary people end up paying more for goods and services,” states the report. In Davos, the elite of the political and business world will discuss how to respond to the rising rejection of such inequality and the populist wave it has formed. “Regardless of how you view Trump and his positions, his election has led to a deep, deep sense of uncertainty and that will cast a long shadow over Davos,” said Jean-Marie Guehenno, CEO of International Crisis Group, a conflict resolution think-tank. Among the titles of the discussion panels at the Davos are “Squeezed and Angry: How to Fix the Middle Class Crisis”, “Politics of Fear or Rebellion of the Forgotten?”, “Tolerance at the Tipping Point?” and “The Post-EU Era.” Surprisingly, some Davos attendees have admitted to not knowing what is causing the populist turmoil or how to deal with it. “There is a consensus that something huge is going on, global and in many respects unprecedented. But we don’t know what the causes are, nor how to deal with it,” Moises Naim of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace explained. Klaus Schwab, founder of the annual Davos meeting, said “it’s important to listen to the populists,” which is why he intends to reach out to populist politicians who are riding the wave of discontent. From ABC News: Critics often accuse the yearly World Economic Forum in the Swiss Alps of being a snow-covered playground for well-heeled business and political elites. But founder Klaus Schwab said this year’s event, which opens Monday before a public start Tuesday, is reaching out to populist politicians who have ridden a wave of discontent among the masses.   “It’s important to listen to the populists, and actually we have several sessions where we deal with these issues, and we have representatives of populist parties here with us,” Schwab said Sunday. “We have to take it [populism] seriously.”   For a forum that strives to take the pulse of the world each year and produce “a real hub of a global discussion,” Schwab said “it would be soundly unrealistic and far from realities if we did not integrate the concerns of populists very much into our own deliberation.” 45 Years of Davos and the Elite Still Running Away with the Worlds Wealth The meeting in Davos will not find solutions to narrow the wealth gap which is now astronomically leaning towards the tip-top of the upper rungs of the population. This year’s meeting marks the 45th time the elite have gathered at in the Swiss alps, and never has the wealth gap been so glaring. The meeting is all about managing the lack of wealth of the population and the political turmoil which is bound to accelerate because of it. Among the discussion at Davos will be the “fourth industrial revolution.” The elite will be discussing how millions of jobs held by the average person are going to be eliminated by artificial intelligence and how this revolution might play out on the political scale. Last year, Klaus Schwab and managing board member of Davos Richard Samans, wrote a report titled “The Future of Jobs” that estimated 7 million jobs will be lost with just 2 million gained as a result of technological change in 15 major developed and emerging economies. Reports released this year by the World Economic forum repeat this forecast. From Computer Weekly: The WEF’s Global Risks 2017 report warns that, as a result of AI and other disruptive technologies, long-term jobs are giving way to self-employment in the “gig” economy, leaving individuals to shoulder more responsibility for the costs of unemployment, sickness and old age.   Technology disruption, more than globalisation, deteriorating job prospects and industrial decline, has been the catalyst for anti-establishment voting, which led to Brexit in the UK, the election of Donald Trump in the US, and Italy’s rejection of its former prime minister’s constitutional reforms, the report claims.   Unless there is a concerted effort from governments and the private sector, the trend will put pressure on economies and may lead to social unrest, said Cecilia Reyes, chief risk officer of Zurich Insurance Group.   “Without proper governance and reskilling of workers, technology will eliminate jobs faster than it creates them,” she said. “Governments can no longer provide historic levels of social protection, and an ant-establishment narrative has gained traction, with new political leaders blaming globalisation for society’s challenges.” As the populist wave gets larger, the Davos meeting will only shine more light on the fact that those at the upper rung of the economic ladder are at the steering wheel of economic future. The discussions of humanities future taking place in the Alps will only trickle down in sound bites and excerpts for the average person to only ignore as they work 9-5 at a job that may not be there long term in order to pay the rent.

16 января, 05:48

Davos Elite Eat $40 Hot Dogs While "Struggling For Answers", Cowering in "Silent Fear"

For those unfamiliar with what goes on at the annual January boondoggle at the World Economic Forum in Davos, here is the simple breakdown. Officially, heads of state, captains of industry, prominent academics, philanthropists and a retinue of journalists, celebrities and hangers-on will descend Tuesday on the picturesque alpine village of Davos, Switzerland, for the World Economic Forum; Unofficially, it's the world's biggest echo chamber, where wealthy, influential and/or powerful people, yet vastly out of touch with the rest of the world, sit down with other wealthy, influential and/or powerful people who are just as out of touch, to validate to each other that nobody really knows anything (also known as the "ratings agency effect"), but because the press is there and fails to point out that these emperors of industry, commerce, entertainment and politics are naked in hopes of maintaining their annual invitation and direct access, everyone goes home happy. And just as clueless. Hence Trump. Case in point, as Reuters fondly recalls, last year, the consensus here was that Trump had no chance of being elected (actually, last January the world's elites were far more worried about plunging markets as we pointed out in "How Billionaires Are Investing In 2016: "The Only Winning Move Is Not To Play The Game").  Trump was elected. His victory, less than half a year after Britain voted to leave the European Union, "was a slap at the principles that elites in Davos have long held dear, from globalization and free trade to multilateralism." We'll get to Trump in a second, but first some more on the background of this festival which revels in everything the populist backlash of 2016 found excerable, courtesy of the NYT. Who Attends the Conference? More than 2,500 people will attend this year’s conference from 90 different countries, paying up to $50,000 per person to attend (that of course excludes the ultra-celebrities who get in for free). In fact, so many people are attending, some of the local staff may sleep in shipping containers. Most of the participants are corporate executives, but more than two dozen heads of state and government are expected to attend.  Theresa May, the prime minister of Britain, and Xi Jinping, president of China, are attending the conference for the first time this year. Xi is the first Chinese president to attend the event, and will also be the star attraction. His presence is being seen as a sign of Beijing's growing weight in the world at a time when Trump is promising a more insular, "America first" approach and Europe is pre-occupied with its own troubles, from Brexit to terrorism. On the other hand, Trump has decided not to officially send a member of his team as it would "betray his populist-fueled movement." Likewise German chancellor Merkel will be absent, worried about her own image ahead of the 2017 German elections. Aside from politicians, Shakira and the actor Forest Whitaker are to receive awards this year. Expected attendees include Sheryl Sandberg, COO at Facebook; Matt Damon; Formula One driver Nico Rosberg; and Alibaba's Jack Ma. While only 17% of last year’s participants were women, according to the forum, this year the number is not expected to change. How Are These People Kept Safe? All of those dignitaries need security. During the conference, Davos transforms into a fortress. Roadblocks restrict traffic on the city’s main streets and checkpoints spring up outside each venue. At the Congress Center, where the main panels take place, and at each hotel that hosts parties and talks, attendees pass metal detectors, armed guards and beneath the watchful eyes of sharpshooters. In the past, the conference was targeted by protesters associated with the anticapitalist Occupy movement. In 2013, members of the Ukrainian activist group Femen were arrested after a topless demonstration. The Swiss government estimated it will spend 8 million Swiss francs, about $8 million, on security, but said that number could increase if there were a credible threat to the conference. “Switzerland is still not regarded as a priority target for jihadist terrorists,” the Federal Council said on its website. “On the other hand, even on Swiss soil, the interests of states participating in the military coalition against the so-called Islamic State face an increased threat.” Is It as Elitist as It Sounds? Yes. The meeting runs on a tiered system of colored badges denoting just how important one is, or is not. White badges are for attendees able to attend any official event and make full use of the forum’s facilities. Orange badges are reserved for the 500 journalists who cover the forum, but are not allowed at some parties. Other badges, like purple ones, denote technical or support staff and limit their holders to a few areas. Local hotels like the Belvedere and the InterContinental often sell their own badges to the bankers and consultants who descend upon Davos to strike deals and chat up clients. These souls camp out at the hotels, renting rooms for business meetings by day and soiree hopping at night. What About the Parties? Beyond the boring, ineffective, and circle-jerking lectures and panel discussions, a much more important agenda unfolds after sunset. One notable event, according to the NYT, is a simulation of a refugee’s experience, where Davos attendees crawl on their hands and knees and pretend to flee from advancing armies. It is one of the most popular events every year. The theme of this year’s conference is “Responsive and Responsible Leadership.” But attendees like to play as hard as they work. There are several official cocktail receptions, but the action really lies in a galaxy of events hosted by corporations. Some are small, intimate dinners that feature the likes of Leonardo DiCaprio and Bono. Others are dazzling affairs worthy of a modern day Gatsby: JPMorgan Chase, for example, has previously taken over the Kirchner Museum Davos for drinks with its chief executive, Jamie Dimon, and Tony Blair, the former British prime minister. Google’s annual party at the InterContinental Hotel has become the hottest ticket in town. The investor Anthony Scaramucci, now an adviser to Donald J. Trump, for years has hosted a reception at the famed Hotel Europe featuring a sometimes eye-popping list of high-end Champagne and Bordeaux red wine. A more recent up-and-comer is hosted by Salesforce.com, a business software maker, whose chief, Marc Benioff, is one of the forum’s most ardent boosters. Last year’s Salesforce party included Mr. Benioff flying in scores of fresh flower leis and a band from Hawaii, as Eric Schmidt of Google and other tech notables danced in a corner. Several years ago, Sean Parker of Napster and Facebook fame, hosted an over-the-top gathering that featured stuffed animal heads shooting laser beams out of their eyes. And the Russian billionaire Oleg Deripaska has thrown opulent gatherings at a nearby villa where the Champagne flowed freely For a nightcap, the Davos crowd traditionally retires to the Tonic Bar at Hotel Europe, sipping cocktails while the forum fixture Barry Colson leads the crowd in Billy Joel singalongs. * * * With the background of the event covered, we once again focus on the key topic at hand, namely quite ironic "social and wealth inequality" - which incidentally has been a core topic for the past several years, demonstrating just how clueless Davos really is, and of course Trump. Just so readers can get a sense of just how delightfully surreal this whole event is, one of the most prominent panels is called "Squeezed and Angry: How to Fix the Middle-Class Crisis" Its description: "Poor employment prospects and low-income growth in many developed economies have laid the groundwork for the rise of populism. Did policy-makers ignore these trends or do too little to redress them? What can be done to restore growth in the middle class and confidence in the future?" Who are these experts on the woes of the middle class? Read em and weep: Ray Dalio - a billiionaire who encourages spying on his employees; Christine Lagarde - a convicted criminal and tax evader, head of an organization that takes from the poor and gives to the world's creditors; and Larry Summers, a firm believer, and doer, in wealth redistribution from the middle classes to the wealthy. * * * While in previous years the Davos party was not to be spoiled with any actual concerns about the real world violating the inner sanctum of the world's uber-poseurs, this year something has changed. Beneath the veneer of optimism over the economic outlook lurks acute anxiety about an increasingly toxic political climate and a deep sense of uncertainty surrounding the U.S. presidency of Donald Trump, who will be quite symoblically, even if purely accidentally, inaugurated on the final day of the forum. And with Trump's election come worries that the ivory towers inhabited by the 2,500 or so Davosites, are far less sturdy than previously believed.  "Regardless of how you view Trump and his positions, his election has led to a deep, deep sense of uncertainty and that will cast a long shadow over Davos," said Jean-Marie Guehenno, CEO of International Crisis Group, a conflict resolution think-tank. Moises Naim of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace was even more blunt, suggesting that the people in Davos are even more clueless than usual, which is saying quite a lot. "There is a consensus that something huge is going on, global and in many respects unprecedented. But we don't know what the causes are, nor how to deal with it." Brilliant. * * * Meanwhile, in an attempt to figure out the causes and "how to deal with it", the participants in the World Economic Forum, which runs from Jan. 17 to 20, will partake in such panels as the abovementioned "Squeezed and Angry: How to Fix the Middle Class Crisis", "Politics of Fear or Rebellion of the Forgotten?", "Tolerance at the Tipping Point?" and "The Post-EU Era". The central question in Davos, a four-day affair of panel discussions, lunches and cocktail parties that delve into subjects as diverse as terrorism, artificial intelligence and wellness, is whether leaders can agree on the root causes of public anger and begin to articulate a response... aside from the forum participants themselves of course. A WEF report on global risks released before Davos highlighted "diminishing public trust in institutions" and noted that rebuilding faith in the political process and leaders would be a "difficult task". Guy Standing, the author of several books on the new "precariat", a class of people who lack job security and reliable earnings, believes more people are coming around to the idea that free-market capitalism needs to be overhauled, including those that have benefited most from it. "The mainstream corporate types don't want Trump and far-right authoritarians," said Standing, who has been invited to Davos for the first time. "They want a sustainable global economy in which they can do business. More and more of them are sensible enough to realize that they have overreached." But Ian Bremmer, president of U.S.-based political risk consultancy Eurasia Group, is not so sure, and he recounted ro Reuters a recent trip to Goldman Sachs headquarters in New York where he saw bankers "rejoicing in the elevators" at the surge in stock markets and the prospect of tax cuts and deregulation under Trump. Both Goldman CEO Lloyd Blankfein and his JP Morgan counterpart Jamie Dimon will be in Davos. It remains to be seen if there will be as much "elevator rejoicing" when the market finally crashes under Trump, an inevitable outcome which some speculate is precisely why Trump was allowed to become president: so that all the blame on the grand crash, once it, happens can be placed on him. Others are less worried about the impact of Trump, and more concerned that the pace of technological change and the integrated, complex nature of the global economy have made it more difficult for leaders to shape and control events, let alone reconfigure the global system. The global financial crisis of 2008/9 and the migrant crisis of 2015/16 exposed the impotence of politicians, deepening public disillusion and pushing people towards populists who offered simple explanations and solutions. The problem, says Ian Goldin, an expert on globalization and development at the University of Oxford, is that on many of the most important issues, from climate change to financial regulation, only multilateral cooperation can deliver results. And this is precisely what the populists reject.  "The state of global politics is worse than it's been in a long time," said Goldin. "At a time when we need more coordination to tackle issues like climate change and other systemic risks, we are getting more and more insular." * * * Whatever the reason, sense of dread that things are moving, changing beyond the participants' control will be all too tangible. It is also why, as Bloomberg reported today, the World Economic Forum will convene a special meeting in Washington this year to discuss issues raised during the president-elect’s campaign "and the populist wave that swept him to victory" WEF founder Klaus Schwab told Bloomberg Television on Sunday. The gathering will explore U.S. investment and job-creation opportunities for companies that participate in the forum, he said. “It’s very natural that with the new administration we plan a major event in the U.S. to see what are the implications of the new president and how the business community could engage,” Schwab said in advance of the forum’s 47th annual meeting in the Swiss ski resort of Davos. “We have to be responsive to the call.” “People have become very emotionalized, this silent fear of what the new world will bring,” Schwab said in the town’s hulking conference center. “We have populists here and we want to listen. We have to respond to these individuals’ fears and to offer solutions. It’s not just enough to listen; we have to provide answers and that’s what were here for in Davos." No, that's what you were there for in Davos in 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016, and you did nothing. Now it's too late as the pendulum has already swung. That, however, is not obvious to the forum organizers who will enjoy another blockbuster year. Business is booming for the WEF and Schwab, 78, said he has no plans to abandon or alter its annual retreat. Revenue is up 45%  in the past five years and staff have increased by about a third - with employees earning an average of 135,000 Swiss francs, ($133,875) which rises to 213,000 Swiss francs with the addition of costs such as pensions and healthcare. “Our salary structure is completely in line with others such as the Bretton Woods organization, the World Bank or the International Monetary Fund,” Schwab said. “We also have to be competitive with organizations like Goldman Sachs and McKinsey. We are competing for the same talent.” How does Schwab reconcile the glaring hypocricy of the world's wealthiest debating social injustice and wealth inequality? Simple: Despite the glitzy parties that have become the hallmark of the annual gathering, Schwab said his aim is not to celebrate the “outrageous excesses of life,” but rather to create a “global village,” where participants can mull weighty issues facing the world without the distractions of a large city. And he insists that as the power and beliefs of business and political leaders face unprecedented challenges, the meeting is needed more than ever. Schwab says the WEF’s annual meeting, where companies host lavish parties awash in champagne and rare vintage wines, attendees pay $50,000 and thousands of soldiers and police stand guard, remains an appropriate forum to discuss political issues like the rise of populism and seek solutions to society’s biggest problems. Unfortunately, that's all it is, as no concrete, revolutionary decisions can ever take place within the confines of this giant echo chamber. Schwab concludes by saying that "the right solution will require a lot of effort and many steps in the right direction. I am optimistic that in a new multi-polar world we still have the notion of a joined and shared destiny" but adds that his "biggest fear is that we will believe there are very simple answers to very difficult questions.” Actually, herr Klaus Schwab, there are other far more tangible things you and your peers should be afraid of, but somehow we doubt that those will become apparent while eating $40 hot dogs.    

12 января, 11:35

Байден: Америка не ударит ядерным оружием первой

Вице-президент США Джозеф Байден в ходе выступления в Вашингтоне в Фонде Карнеги заявил, что Соединенные Штаты вряд ли могут попасть в такую ситуацию, когда руководство страны будет вынуждено первым применить ядерное оружие. По словам Байдена, применение ядерного оружия – это бессмысленный шаг. «Учитывая все наши неядерные средства и природу сегодняшних угроз, сложно представить себе правдоподобный сценарий, при котором применение Соединенными Штатами ядерного оружия первыми окажется необходимым шагом и будет иметь смысл», — цитирует Байдена «ФАН».  Также политик отметил, что США связаны договором о сокращении стратегических наступательных вооружений, который был подписан с РФ в 2010 году. По его мнению, на фоне ухудшающихся отношений между странами, значение этого договора возросло. ЧИТАЙТЕ ТАКЖЕ: (статья) США идут в психическую санкционную атаку Напомним, что еще до президентских выборов Байден говорил, что Дональду Трампу нельзя доверять арсенал ядерного оружия. 

12 января, 09:52

Байден отверг возможность первого ядерного удара со стороны США

Вице-президент США Джозеф Байден заявил, что американские власти вряд ли окажутся перед необходимостью первыми применить ядерное оружие. Об этом он сообщил в своей речи в Фонде Карнеги для содействия всему миру, сообщает Reuters. «Учитывая все наши неядерные средства и природу сегодняшних угроз, сложно представить себе правдоподобный сценарий, при котором применение Соединенными Штатами ядерного оружия первыми окажется необходимым шагом и будет иметь смысл», — сказал он. Байден подчеркнул, что США подписали 22 международных соглашения о невоенном использовании ядерных материалов. В 2010 году США подписали с Россией Договор о сокращении стратегических наступательных вооружений (ОСВ). «Это не вопрос доверия или доброй воли. Это вопрос стратегической стабильности и большей открытости между двумя крупнейшими ядерными сверхдержавами», — отметил политик. Он также подчеркнул важность ОСВ в условиях значительного ухудшения российско-американских отношений. В сентябре 2016 года стало известно, что в США скептически относятся к возможности заключения новых соглашений с РФ в сфере вооружений. Американские власти обвинили Россию в нарушении ранее заключенных договоров. Избранный президент США Дональд Трамп в декабре прошлого года заявил, что намерен усиливать и расширять ядерные возможности США, «пока мир не поймет, что такое ядерное оружие».

12 января, 08:56

Байден сомневается, что США способны начать ядерную войну

Однако отмечает возросшее значение договора СНВ.  Вице-президент США Джозеф Байден не считает, что власти страны могут первыми принять решение о применении ядерного оружия. Об этом он заявил в ходе выступления в Вашингтоне, в Фонде Карнеги, пишут «Известия». По словам...

12 января, 08:32

Байден: Сложно представить сценарий, при котором США первыми применят ядерное оружие

США вряд ли сегодня окажутся в ситуации, когда им придется первыми применить ядерное оружие. Такое мнение в среду, выступая в вашингтонском Фонде Карнеги для содействия всеобщему миру, выразил вице-президент страны Джозеф Байден. "Учитывая все наши неядерные средства и природу сегодняшних

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12 января, 08:14

Байден сомневается, что США начнут ядерную войну

Об этом американский вице-президент заявил во время выступления в Фонде Карнеги в Вашингтоне

12 января, 07:14

Байден: Сложно представить ситуацию, когда США первыми применят ядерное оружие

Вице-президент США Джо Байден, выступая в вашингтонском Фонде Карнеги для содействия всеобщему миру, отметил, что сегодня сложно представить ситуацию, когда Соединённым Штатам придётся применить ядерное оружие.  — Учитывая все наши неядерные средства и природу сегодняшних угроз, сложно представить себе правдоподобный сценарий, при котором применение Соединёнными Штатами ядерного оружия первыми окажется необходимым шагом и будет иметь смысл, — цитирует Байдена ТАСС.

12 января, 06:07

Байден не уверен, что США применят первыми ядерное оружие

Джозеф Байден усомнился в том, что США могут оказаться в ситуации, которая заставит страну первой применить ядерное оружие.

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10 января, 16:13

Trump desperately needs better intelligence briefings on Russia

The surprisingly hollow declassified report by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), apparently intended to prove Vladimir Putin’s personal interference in the U.S. presidential election, should be a cause of genuine alarm for the Russian leadership. Despite a natural gift of intuition and experience in doing business, Donald Trump, by all counts, is a neophyte in the complicated world of diplomacy, foreign policy and national security. As a matter of fact, some of his counterparts, like British PM Theresa May are reported to count on this, hoping to fill in the void by attempting to provide him with guidance and give direction. Yet, on a routine daily basis the quality of judgment and instructions that President Trump may pass to the U.S. State Department, Defense Department and the intelligence community would depend on the competence of counselling and memos by professionals in these three fields. Critical tweets The intelligence community experts who put together the report focused on Putin’s assumed ‘bad’ intention to welcome Donald Trump (who regularly made conciliatory gestures wishing to improve relations with Moscow) instead of Hillary Clinton who swore to introduce a no-fly zone in Syria – which could have been interpreted as an act of aggression, setting the stage for a possible direct confrontation between Russian and American air forces in the region. Surprisingly, seven out of the 13 pages of the ODNI report refer to broadcasts by Russian state-funded international TV channel RT and tweets by supposedly pro-Kremlin Internet trolls to prove that these media tools were used to “intensify” critical coverage of Clinton’s campaign. U.S. intelligence report blames Putin for 'ordering influence campaign’ Strangely, no one seems to have done basic fact checking: an RT programme, Breaking the Set, mentioned in the report, went off air in February 2015, and could hardly affect developments in 2016. Notably, the three intelligence agencies could not agree on the credibility of their own claims. While the CIA and FBI stated they had  “high confidence” in their findings, the NSA was more reserved referring to “moderate confidence” in a joint report that one blogger dubbed a “collection of assertions.” In sum, the ODNI report is an epic failure. Even The New York Times lamented the absence of firm evidence. A tsunami of ridicule that rippled out on social media platforms was so disrespectful that it reactivated speculation among Russian bloggers that the President-elect would be forced to do something about the deplorable state of the intelligence community. Professionals preferred Nascent experts in international affairs and intelligence set out on the road to becoming seasoned professionals at high school or college. Yet, according to a July 2015 report by the Pittsburgh University-based Association For Slavic, East European, And Eurasian Studies (ASEEES), dated July 2015, enrolments for Russian language courses in the U.S. dropped 18 percent between 2009 and 2013. “Interest in Russian language among undergraduates has suffered disproportionately during this period,” ASEEES stated. It added:  “Russian studies within the social sciences in particular are arguably experiencing a true crisis on multiple fronts.” In June 2016, the Humanities division of the University of Chicago laid off staff teaching Slavic languages and literature. This could be a rather disturbing trend. One of the most likely reasons why the authors of the ODNI report blurred fact and fiction is a growing deficit of knowledgeable operatives with a good command of the Russian language and a solid insight into what is happening inside Putin’s Russia, including an understanding of the mood of the people and the values they hold. The decline in Slavic and Russian studies in the U.S. gives weight to the conclusion posted by Julia Ioffe, a contributing writer at the Huffington Post Highline and columnist for Foreign Policy: “One thing is clear from reading the #DNI #hacking report: this is what happens when your universities no longer train Russia specialists.” Competence in governance is not something that you define as “like-to-have” but as “need-to-have” to ensure the quality of managerial decisions. Lack of experts and expertise cannot be substituted by brainstorming of diligent but half-baked sub-prime personnel. Getting Russia wrong The stakes are high since the West is going through painful crises of self-identification. Ronald Brownstein, writing in The Atlantic, is correct to conclude that: “On both sides of the Atlantic, the push to reset with Putin reflects a desire to elevate a different set of foreign-policy concerns.” He believes that this “desire” is at the “roots of Russia's political appeal in Europe and the United States.” Naturally, this “desire” encounters opposition. In this battle no holds seem to be barred. However, the admission that things have gone wrong emerges as surely as water flows down a hole. Kremlin calls U.S. report on hacker attacks ‘amateurishly emotional’ Take, for example, the hard-won revelations that William J. Burns, president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and a former Deputy Secretary of State who served as U.S. ambassador to Russia from 2005 to 2008, shared with The New York Times. “In the quarter-century since the end of the Cold War, profound grievances, misperceptions and disappointments have often defined the relationship between the United States and Russia,” ex-ambassador Burns writes, adding: “The United States has oscillated between visions of an enduring partnership with Moscow and dismissing it as a sulking regional power in terminal decline.” In a telling passage he concludes: “I’ve learned a few lessons during my diplomatic career, often the hard way. I learned to respect Russians and their history and vitality. I learned that it rarely pays to neglect or underestimate Russia, or display gratuitous disrespect.” The key word mentioned by William J. Burns with direct bearing to the “hacking” saga is “misperceptions.” If future regular intelligence recommendations and briefs are sustained at the same intellectual level and are as fact-based as the ODNI report, the White House, as a smart New Yorker would warn, is in for a big trouble, or to be more correct, in for big tsuris. Like it or not, the competence of the American intelligence community is one of the pillars of global security, or insecurity, as illustrated by the faulty assertions that Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction. This apparently internal matter is not simply another headache for the new occupant of the White House, but a vital concern not only for the U.S. as a nation, but also for Russia and the rest of the world. Moscow has a stake in America's intelligence community providing the 45th President of the U.S. with fact-checked, balanced and unbiased analysis of whatever is going on in the outside world. Only with such accurate, objective information, can the leader of the world's singular superpower make if not necessarily wise, at least responsible decisions that affect millions, no – billions of people. Vladimir Mikheev is a freelance commentator for Russia Beyond The Headlines. His opinion does not reflect the position of RBTH or its staff. Read more: 2017: Trump, Brexit and nervous anticipation

10 января, 09:20

Если Путин не получит податливое правительство в Украине, он ее парализует, – экс-посол США в РФ

В течение четверти века после окончания «холодной войны» глубокие обиды, заблуждения и разочарования часто определяли характер отношений между Соединенными Штатами и Россией. Об этом бывший посол США и президент Фонда Карнеги по международному мир в […]

08 января, 10:23

Текст: Хакеры взломали сайт Мирового правительства ( qwerty95 )

Хакеры взломали сайт Мирового правительства Хакерская группа Anonymous вчера взломала сайт Билдербергского Клуба, в рамках которого с 1954 года проходят тайные заседания фактически МИРОВОГО ПРАВИТЕЛЬСТВА, представляющего политическую, финансовую и бизнес-элиту Западного мира. Как известно, в заседаниях Билдербергского клуба принимают участие президенты, короли, принцы, канцлеры, премьер-министры, известные политики, ведущие банкиры и руководители крупнейших мировых корпораций. Последнее заседание клуба состоялось в июне прошлого года в Дрездене (Германия). Штаб-квартира Билдербергского клуба расположена в Нью-Йорке, в здании Фонда Карнеги. Всего в клуб на постоянной основе входит 383 человека, третья часть из которых американцы. Главной задачей клуба является с...

07 января, 02:20

President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts

WASHINGTON, DC – Today, President Barack Obama announced his intent to appoint the following individuals to key Administration posts: Daniel Willingham – Member, Board of Directors of the National Board for Education Sciences John W. Keker – Member, Board of Directors of the Presidio Trust   Mark Pincus – Member, Board of Directors of the Presidio Trust   Waded Cruzado – Member, Board for International Food and Agricultural Development Louis Susman – Member, Board of Trustees of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars Joan Ellyn Silber – Member, Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad Matthew L. Wiener – Member and Vice Chairman, Council of the Administrative Conference of the United States Rosemary Joyce – Member, Cultural Property Advisory Committee James Wright Willis – Member, Cultural Property Advisory Committee Michael McFaul – Member, National Security Education Board   Tissa Illangasekare – Member, Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board   President Obama said, “I am pleased to announce that these experienced and committed individuals have decided to serve our country. I know they will serve the American people well.” President Obama announced his intent to appoint the following individuals to key Administration posts: Daniel Willingham, Appointee for Member, Board of Directors of the National Board for Education Sciences Daniel Willingham is a Professor at the University of Virginia, where he has taught since 1992.  Mr. Willingham is the author of Raising Kids Who Read: What Parents and Teachers Can Do, Why Don't Students Like School? and When Can You Trust the Experts?  He is a contributor to American Educator magazine.  Mr. Willingham is a member of the Advisory Committee for Learning and the Brain.  Mr. Willingham received a B.A. from Duke University and a Ph.D. from Harvard University. John W. Keker, Appointee for Member, Board of Directors of the Presidio Trust   John W. Keker is Co-Founder and Partner at Keker, Van Nest, & Peters LLP, positions he has held since 1978.  Mr. Keker was an Assistant Federal Public Defender in San Francisco from 1971 to 1973.  He served as a Law Clerk to Chief Justice Earl Warren at the U.S. Supreme Court from 1970 to 1971.  Mr. Keker was President of the San Francisco Police Commission from 1996 to 1997 and again from 1991 to 1992, and was Chairman of the San Francisco Bay Water Quality Control Board from 1981 to 1983.  He served as an infantry platoon leader in the U.S. Marine Corps from 1965 to 1967.  Mr. Keker was first appointed to the Board of Directors of the Presidio Trust in 2015 and serves as its Vice Chair.  Mr. Keker received a B.A. from Princeton University and a J.D. from Yale Law School. Mark Pincus, Appointee for Member, Board of Directors of the Presidio Trust   Mark Pincus is the Founder and Executive Chairman of Zynga.  Mr. Pincus has held various other executive positions at Zynga including Chief Executive Officer and Chief Product Officer.  He previously founded other technology startups including Tribe.net in 2003, Support.com in 1997, and FreeLoader in 1995.  Mr. Pincus received a B.S. from the University of Pennsylvania and an M.B.A from Harvard Business School. Dr. Waded Cruzado, Appointee for Member, Board for International Food and Agricultural Development    Dr. Waded Cruzado is President of Montana State University, a position she has held since 2010.  Dr. Cruzado has also served as a member of the Board for International Food and Agricultural Development since 2013.  From 2007 to 2010, she was Executive Vice President and Provost of New Mexico State University, including a one-year appointment as Interim President.  Dr. Cruzado joined New Mexico State University in 2003 and served as Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences until 2007.  From 1990 to 2002, she held a series of faculty and administrative positions at the University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez, including Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences in 1998.  Dr. Cruzado received a B.A. from the University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez and an M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Texas, Arlington. Louis Susman, Appointee for Member, Board of Trustees of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars Louis Susman is a Member of the Advisory Board at Atlas Mara Capital LLC.  Mr. Susman is the former United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom, a position he held from 2009 to 2013.  He was Vice Chairman and Managing Director of Citigroup Corporate and Investment Banking from 1989 to 2009.  Mr. Susman was previously a Senior Partner at Thompson & Mitchell.  He previously served as a Director of the Center for National Policy and was appointed to the United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy in 1988.  Mr. Susman is Chairman of CBI Holdings, a wholly-owned subsidiary of BDT Capital Partners, and Special Advisor to Henry Crown & Co.  He is a member of the board of J Street, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Art Institute of Chicago, and Vice Chairman of the Chicago Council on Global Affairs.  He was previously a member of the Board of Directors and Management Committee of the St. Louis Cardinals and the Citigroup International Advisory Board.  Mr. Susman received an A.B. from the University of Michigan and an LL.B. from Washington University in St. Louis. Dr. Joan Ellyn Silber, Appointee for Member, Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad Dr. Joan Ellyn Silber serves as Board President of AJC, the American Jewish Committee, St. Louis Region, and as Board President of Care and Counseling.  Dr. Silber is a board member of the Webster University College of Arts and Science Advisory Board, the St. Louis Jewish Light Scholarship Foundation, Boys and Girls Clubs of Greater St. Louis, the Newmark Institute for Human Relations, and Friends of the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra.   She was previously President of Aish HaTorah St. Louis.  Dr. Silber is a recipient of the Ellis Island Medal of Honor.  She was first appointed to the Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad in 2015.  Dr. Silber received a B.A. and a Ph.D. from the University of Michigan. Matthew L. Wiener, Appointee for Member and Vice Chairman, Council of the Administrative Conference of the United States Matthew L. Wiener is Executive Director of the Administrative Conference of the United States (ACUS), a position he has held since 2012.  Prior to that, he was Special Counsel with Cuneo Gilbert & LaDuca LLP from 2011 to 2012 and served as a Member at the law firm from 2011 to 2012.  He was previously General Counsel to U.S. Senator Arlen Specter from 2009 to 2011 and Counsel to the U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Committee from 2008 to 2009.  Mr. Wiener previously worked at Dechert LLP from 1995 to 2006, first as an Associate Attorney from 1995 to 2004 and then as a Partner from 2004 to 2006.  He is an elected member of the American Law Institute and a fellow of the American Bar Foundation, positions he has held since 2013 and 2014 respectively.  Mr. Wiener has co-chaired the Adjudication Committee of the American Bar Association’s Section of Administrative Law and Regulatory Practice since 2014 and previously served as the legislative branch liaison to the Section’s Council in 2009.  In 2015, Mr. Wiener began serving as an elected member of the Steering Committee of the D.C. Bar’s Administrative Law and Agency Practice Section and the chair of the Section’s Standing Committee on Legislative Practice.  Mr. Wiener received an A.B. from the College of William and Mary and a J.D. from Stanford Law School. Dr. Rosemary Joyce, Appointee for Member, Cultural Property Advisory Committee Dr. Rosemary Joyce is Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley (UCB), a position she has held since 1994.  Dr. Joyce was Assistant Director of the Peabody Museum at Harvard University from 1986 to 1989 and Director of the Phoebe Hearst Museum of Anthropology at UCB from 1994 to 1999.  She served as Associate Dean and Interim Dean of the Graduate Division at UCB from 2011 to 2015, President-Elect and President of the Archaeology Division of the American Anthropological Association from 2009 to 2013.  Dr. Joyce was first appointed to the Cultural Property Advisory Committee in 2011.  Dr. Joyce received an A.B. from Cornell University and a Ph.D. from the University of Illinois-Urbana. James Wright Willis, Appointee for Member, Cultural Property Advisory Committee James Wright Willis is Founder and Owner of James Willis Tribal Art, positions he has held since 1972.  Mr. Willis has been an appraiser since 1972 for multiple collections including the Maxwell Stanley Collection, Jerry Joss Collection, and San Francisco Fine Arts Museum.  He is a founding member of Friends of Ethnic Art and the San Francisco Art Dealers Association and a member of the M. H. De Young Museum Ancient and Tribal Arts Study Committee and the Center for African Art.  Mr. Willis was first appointed to the Cultural Property Advisory Committee in 2003.  Mr. Willis received a B.A. from Pomona College. Dr. Michael McFaul, Appointee for Member, National Security Education Board   Dr. Michael McFaul is Director of the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies and a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, positions he has held since 2015.  Dr. McFaul served as U.S. Ambassador to the Russian Federation from 2012 to 2014 and as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Russian and Eurasian Affairs on the National Security Council staff from 2009 to 2012.  Prior to that, he was Deputy Director of the Freeman Spogli Institute from 2006 to 2009, a Senior Associate and Director of the Russian Domestic Politics Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace from 1994 to 2009, and a Professor of Political Science at Stanford University from 1995 to 2009.  Dr. McFaul received a B.A. and M.A. from Stanford University and a D.Phil. from Oxford University, where he was a Rhodes Scholar. Dr. Tissa Illangasekare, Appointee for Member, Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board   Dr. Tissa Illangasekare is a Distinguished Endowed Chair of Civil and Environmental Engineering and the Director of the Center for the Experimental Study of Subsurface Environmental Processes at the Colorado School of Mines, positions he has held since 1998.  Previously, Dr. Illangasekare was a Professor of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering at the University of Colorado, Boulder from 1986 to 1998.  From 1983 to 1986, he was an Assistant Professor of Civil Engineering at Louisiana State University, and from 1978 to 1983, he was a Research Assistant Professor of Civil Engineering at Colorado State University.  Dr. Illangasekare received a B.S. from the University of Ceylon in Sri Lanka, an M.Eng. from the Asian Institute of Technology in Thailand, and a Ph.D. from Colorado State University.

06 января, 03:09

President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts

WASHINGTON, DC – Today, President Barack Obama announced his intent to appoint the following individuals to key Administration posts: Barbara Jenkins – Member, Board of Directors of the National Board for Education Sciences Tarajean Yazzie-Mintz – Member, Board of Directors of the National Board for Education Sciences Herbert Block – Member, Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad Eric D. Schwerin – Member, Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad Gary P. Zola – Member, Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad Sylvia Orozco – Member, National Museum and Library Services Board Annette Evans Smith – Member, National Museum and Library Services Board Deborah Taylor – Member, National Museum and Library Service Board Jonathan L. Zittrain – Member, National Museum and Library Service Board Tamar Newberger – Member, United States Holocaust Memorial Council Eric Ortner – Member, United States Holocaust Memorial Council Michael Posner – Member, United States Holocaust Memorial Council Menachem Rosensaft – Member, United States Holocaust Memorial Council President Obama said, “These fine public servants bring a depth of experience and tremendous dedication to their important roles. I know they will serve the American people well.” President Obama announced his intent to appoint the following individuals to key Administration posts: Barbara Jenkins, Appointee for Member, Board of Directors of the National Board for Education Sciences Barbara Jenkins is the Superintendent for Orange County Public Schools, a position she has held since 2012. She was named the 2017 Florida Superintendent of the Year.  Dr. Jenkins previously served as the Deputy Superintendent and Chief of Staff for Orange County and oversaw five area superintendents and the Division of Teaching and Learning.  Dr. Jenkins also served as president of the Florida Association of District School Superintendents from 2015 to 2016.  She was named CEO of the Year in 2015 by the Orlando Business Journal.  Dr. Jenkins is a member of the Aspen Urban Superintendent’s Network.  Dr. Jenkins received a B.A., M.A., and Ed.D. from the University of Central Florida. Tarajean Yazzie-Mintz, Appointee for Member, Board of Directors of the National Board for Education Sciences Tarajean Yazzie-Mintz is Co-Director of the Office of Research and Sponsored Programs and Senior Program Officer of Tribal College and Universities (TCUs) Early Childhood Education Initiatives at the American Indian College Fund.  Dr. Yazzie-Mintz previously served as Program Officer of the College Fund’s Wakanyeja “Sacred Little Ones,” Ké’ Family Engagement, and Cultivating Lakota Early Childhood Education Initiatives.  She has worked with TCUs and with early learning centers serving Native children, developing curriculum and strengthening early learning programs.  Previously, she was an assistant professor at Indiana University, Bloomington from 2005 to 2011.  Dr. Yazzie-Mintz was the 2016 recipient of the Harvard Graduate School of Education’s Alumni Council Award for Outstanding Contributions to Education.  Dr. Yazzie-Mintz received a B.S. and M.Ed. from Arizona State University and an Ed. D. from Harvard University. Herbert Block, Appointee for Member, Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad Herbert Block is the Principal at Montrose Strategies, a position he has held since 2015.  Mr. Block was Assistant Executive Vice President of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee from 1999 to 2015.  He served as Assistant Director for Intergovernmental and Public Affairs for the New York City Independent Budget Office from 1996 to 1999 and was Deputy Director for Intergovernmental Relations at the Corporation for National and Community Service from 1994 to 1995.  Mr. Block was Assistant to the Mayor of the City of New York from 1990 to 1993 and a Special Assistant to the Manhattan Borough President from 1986 to 1989.  He is a member of the Board of Directors of the Hebrew Free Burial Association and the Museum of Jewish Heritage—A Living Memorial to the Holocaust.  Mr. Block was first appointed to the Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad in 2011.  Mr. Block received a B.A. from Columbia University and a J.D. from Brooklyn Law School. Eric D. Schwerin, Appointee for Member, Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad Eric D. Schwerin is President of RSP Investments, LLC, a position he has held since 2013.  Mr. Schwerin is also President and Founding Partner of Rosemont Seneca Advisors, LLC, a position he has held since 2008.  He was previously Partner at Oldaker, Biden & Belair, LLP from 2002 to 2008 and worked in various roles at the Department of Commerce, including as Senior Policy Advisor from 1999 to 2002 and International Trade Specialist from 1994 to 1999.  He was an Associate Director in the Office of Public Liaison at the White House from 2000 to 2001.  Mr. Schwerin was appointed to the Industry Trade Advisory Committee for Information and Communications Technologies, Services, and Electronic Commerce in 2003.  He was first appointed to the Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad in 2015.  Mr. Schwerin received a B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania and an M.A. from the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University. Dr. Gary P. Zola, Appointee for Member, Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad Dr. Gary P. Zola is the Edward M. Ackerman Family Distinguished Professor of the American Jewish Experience and Reform Jewish History at Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati, Ohio, a position he has held since 2014.  He is also the Executive Director of The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives, where he has worked since 1998.  Dr. Zola is a member of the Organization of American Historians, the American Historical Association, and the Academic Council of the American Jewish Historical Society.  He was first appointed to the Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad in 2011.  Dr. Zola received a B.A. from the University of Michigan, an M.A. from Northwestern University, and an M.A., M.Phil., and Ph.D. from the Hebrew Union College – Jewish Institute of Religion. Sylvia Orozco, Appointee for Member, National Museum and Library Services Board Sylvia Orozco is Co-Founder and Executive Director of the Mexic-Arte Museum of Austin, Texas, positions she has held since 1984.  Ms. Orozco served on the Advisory Board of the Emma S. Barrientos Mexican American Cultural Center from 2008 to 2012 and the Mayor’s Community Cabinet in Austin, Texas from 2009 to 2011.  She was inducted into the Austin Arts Hall of Fame in 2009 and received the Ohtli Award from the Instituto de los Mexicanos en el Exterior from the General Consulate of Mexico in Austin in 2007.  Ms. Orozco received a B.F.A. from The University of Texas at Austin. Annette Evans Smith, Appointee for Member, National Museum and Library Services Board Annette Evans Smith joined the Alaska Native Heritage Center (ANHC) in 2003, and has served as its President and CEO since 2011.  In 2012, Ms. Evans Smith worked on the legislation that established the Alaska Native Language Preservation and Advisory Council.  Ms. Evans Smith previously worked with the Southcentral Foundation and The Northern Forum from 2000 to 2001 and from 2001 to 2003, respectively.  She is a member of the Foraker Group Operations Board, the Alaska Native Advisory Panel for the Alaska State Council on the Arts, and the University of Alaska Anchorage’s College of Business and Public Policy’s Alaska Native Organizational Management Advisory Committee.  Ms. Evans Smith is also Chair of the Governor-appointed Alaska Native Language Preservation & Advisory Council.  In 2009, Ms. Evans Smith was recognized by the Governor of Alaska for Distinguished Service to the Humanities.  Ms. Evans Smith received a B.A. from Stanford University. Deborah Taylor, Appointee for Member, National Museum and Library Service Board Deborah Taylor is Coordinator of School and Student Services at the Enoch Pratt Free Library, where she has worked since 1974 in various additional roles including as a Branch Librarian and Head of the Office of Children and Youth.  Ms. Taylor is a member of the Voice of Youth Advocates Editorial Advisory Board and served as President of the Young Adult Library Services Association and Chair of the Coretta Scott King Book Awards.  She received the Coretta Scott King-Virginia Hamilton Practitioner Award for Lifetime Achievement from the American Library Association in 2015.  Ms. Taylor received a B.A. and M.A. from the University of Maryland, College Park. Jonathan L. Zittrain, Appointee for Member, National Museum and Library Service Board Jonathan L. Zittrain is a Professor of Computer Science at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and the George Bemis Professor of International Law at Harvard Law School, positions he has held since 2010 and 2008, respectively.  Mr. Zittrain is also Vice Dean for Library and Information Resources at the Harvard Law School Library and Co-Founder and Faculty Director of the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, positions he has held since 2012 and 1997, respectively.  He was the Distinguished Scholar in Residence at the Federal Communications Commission from 2011 to 2012, and Chair of its Open Internet Advisory Committee from 2012 to 2014.  Mr. Zittrain is a member of the Board of Directors of the Electronic Frontier Foundation and the Board of Advisors for Scientific American.  Mr. Zittrain has a B.S. from Yale University, an M.P.A. from the John F. Kennedy School of Government, and a J.D. from Harvard Law School. Tamar Newberger, Appointee for Member, United States Holocaust Memorial Council Tamar Newberger is a computer scientist.  Ms. Newberger was Chief Marketing Officer of Catbird Security from 2004 to 2013 and also served as Director for Enterprise Accounts and Channel Sales and Product Marketing and Analyst Relations at Tarantella, Inc. from 2002 to 2004 and 2000 to 2002, respectively.  She worked as Director for Server Product Marketing and Product Management at SCO, Inc. from 1996 to 2000 and was Senior Product Planner, Product Marketing Manager, and Product Engineer at Novell, Inc. from 1993 to 1996.  Ms. Newberger was the Product Marketing Manager at Magic Software Enterprises, Inc. from 1992 to 1993 and a Member of Technical Staff at AT&T Bell Laboratories, Inc. from 1985 to 1992.  She is a board member of the International School of Prague, a trustee of the Jewish Women’s Federation of Chicago and was previously a member of the Board of Trustees for the Young Women’s Leadership Charter School.  Ms. Newberger received a B.A. and M.S. from Columbia University. Eric Ortner, Appointee for Member, United States Holocaust Memorial Council Eric Ortner is Principal of The Ortner Group, a position he has held since 2013.  Mr. Ortner was a Journalist and Producer with NBC News, ABC News, and CBS News, a Senior Producer of Good Morning America, and a Producer for the Today Show from 1996 to 2009.  He is a member of the Board of the Global Poverty Project and an Executive Producer of the Global Citizen Festival.  Mr. Ortner was appointed to the President’s Committee on the Arts and the Humanities in 2015.  Mr. Ortner received a B.A. from the University of Rochester. Michael Posner, Appointee for Member, United States Holocaust Memorial Council Michael Posner is the Jerome Kohlberg Professor of Ethics and Finance and Co-Director of the Center for Business and Human Rights at New York University Stern School of Business, where he has worked since 2013.  Mr. Posner served as Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor at the State Department from 2009 to 2013.  He served in a variety of roles at Human Rights First from 1978 to 2009, including President and Executive Director.  Mr. Posner was a lawyer at Sonnenschein, Nath & Rosenthal from 1975 to 1978.  He lectured at Columbia Law School from 1984 to 2008 and at Yale Law School from 1981 to 1984 and again in 2009.  Mr. Posner received a B.A. from the University of Michigan and a J.D. from the University of California, Berkeley. Menachem Rosensaft, Appointee for Member, United States Holocaust Memorial Council Menachem Rosensaft is Lecturer in Law at Columbia Law School, General Counsel of the World Jewish Congress, and Adjunct Professor of Law at Cornell Law School, positions he has held since 2011, 2009, and 2008, respectively.  Mr. Rosensaft worked at Van der Moolen Specialists USA, LLC from 2004 to 2007 in a variety of roles including General Counsel, Senior Legal Counsel, and Special Counsel.  He served as Chairman of the Editorial Board of the Holocaust Survivors’ Memoirs Project from 2004 to 2013 and was Director and Editor-in-Chief of the Project from 2000 to 2004.  Mr. Rosensaft worked as Executive Vice President of the Jewish Renaissance Foundation, Inc. from 1996 to 2000 and as Senior International Counsel at The Ronald S. Lauder Foundation from 1995 to 1997.  He is the Founding Chairman of the International Network of Children of Jewish Holocaust Survivors, a former National President of the Labor Zionist Alliance, and a past President of Park Avenue Synagogue in New York City.  Mr. Rosensaft was appointed to the United States Holocaust Memorial Council in 2010, 1999, and 1994.  Mr. Rosensaft received a B.A. and M.A. from John Hopkins University, an M.A. from Columbia University, and a J.D. from Columbia University School of Law. 

05 января, 23:08

Хакеры взломали Бильдербергский Клуб

"Дорогие члены Билдерберга, отныне каждый из вас имеет в своем распоряжении один год для того, чтобы работать на благо людей, а не самих себя"

04 января, 17:26

Удержит ли Трамп корейский рубеж?

Избранный президент США Дональд Трамп пообещал, что КНДР никогда не удастся создать ядерное оружие, способное достигнуть территории США. Однако сказать легче, чем сделать – по мнению экспертов, чтобы этого добиться, придётся приложить большие усилия, но стопроцентной гарантии это всё равно не даст.

04 января, 17:26

Удержит ли Трамп корейский рубеж?

Избранный президент США Дональд Трамп пообещал, что КНДР никогда не удастся создать ядерное оружие, способное достигнуть территории США. Однако сказать легче, чем сделать – по мнению экспертов, чтобы этого добиться, придётся приложить большие усилия, но стопроцентной гарантии это всё равно не даст.

29 декабря 2016, 18:43

Колонки: Юрий Караш: И кто после этого победил в холодной войне?!

В свое время знакомый сотрудник Фонда Карнеги в Вашингтоне сказал мне, что один из главных показателей победы Америки в холодной войне заключается в том, что Россия стала irrelevant (не имеющей значения – рус.) в системе международных отношений. Irrelevant? Я не помню другой страны, кроме Вьетнама (да и то лишь постольку, поскольку за его спиной стоял Советский Союз), которая оказывала бы столь сильное воздействие на внутриполитическую жизнь Америки в современной истории. Более того, речь идет не об опосредованном другой страной (тем же Вьетнамом), а о непосредственном воздействии, в том числе на основные американские моральные ценности, корректировании их в соответствии с российским взглядом на положение вещей, как в мире, так и внутри самих Соединенных Штатов. Такого не было даже во времена так называемого Великого противостояния. Никто в США не воспринимал всерьез марксистско-ленинскую идеологию, никто из американских ведущих журналистов не работал на кремлевские СМИ (кстати, постоянно присутствующий на российских телеканалах Майкл Бом запросил российское гражданство), американские спортсмены и кинозвезды не получали советские паспорта, а ведущие голливудские режиссеры не снимали фильмов о лидерах КПСС. И союзники США по НАТО не предпочитали иметь дело с Советским Союзом в пику Америке, даже не приглашая в настоящее время ее представителей на важные международные встречи с участием России. Сотрудник Фонда Карнеги был прав. Россия действительно перестала быть relevant в мировом сообществе. Она стала super relevant. Да, конечно, Америка тоже оказывает критически заметное воздействие на внутриполитическую жизнь России. В Думе аплодировали победе Трампа, а россияне, согласно опросам, считают избрание «народного миллиардера» вторым по значимости международным событием года (первое – события в Сирии). Но давайте вспомним, кому из двух тяжелоатлетов, поднявших одинаковый вес и находящихся формально в одной весовой категории, отдается победа? Правильно, тому, кто легче. Российская экономика составляет одну десятую часть экономики США. И кто после этого победил в холодной войне?! Источник: Блог Юрия Караша Теги:  холодная война, Россия и США, Дональд Трамп