Фрэкинг
Фрэкинг
Экологические издержки добычи газа из сланца просто колоссальные, технология очень "грязная". Суть в том, что в скважину под большим давлением закачивают "коктейль" из опаснейших химикатов, как бы взрывая газоносный пласт изнутри и делая газ более подвижным, обеспечивая мощный приток его к добывающе ...
Экологические издержки добычи газа из сланца просто колоссальные, технология очень "грязная". Суть в том, что в скважину под большим давлением закачивают "коктейль" из опаснейших химикатов, как бы взрывая газоносный пласт изнутри и делая газ более подвижным, обеспечивая мощный приток его к добывающей скважине. Эта технология называется "гидравлический разрыв пласта" (ГРП), без нее технически добыча углеводородов из сланцевых пород неосуществима. А опасные химические реагенты во "взорванном" пласте не остаются. Частично они выходят на поверхность вместе с газом, а частично прорываясь в водоносные слои, отравляя почву, поверхностные воды и атмосферу. Туда же через трещины в пласте проникает и ставший подвижным газ. Последствия страшные - скот и рыба дохнут почти сразу, люди превращаются в инвалидов чуть погодя, воздух становится вонючим, а вода… горит. Горит, конечно, не сама вода, а выделяющийся из нее газ, но выглядит все равно апокалиптично. Американские экологи сняли фильм, где есть шокирующие кадры: человек, живущий рядом со сланцевыми промыслами, открывает дома водопроводный кран, подносит к нему зажженную спичку и получает небольшой факел. Конечно, пить такую воду будут только самоубийцы. Как пишет "Комсомольская правда", "В США с этими последствиями разобрались очень просто - под давлением нефтегазового лобби просто запретили экологам мониторить места добычи сланцевого газа (соответствующий закон в 2005 году протолкнул вице-президент Дик Чейни, до прихода в политику занимавший кресло председателя совета директоров компании Halliburton, которая по случайному совпадению и разработала технологию гидроразрыва)".
Развернуть описание Свернуть описание
Выбор редакции
31 октября, 19:12

Moves to curb democratic fracking protests in the UK 'extremely worrying'

Green MP Caroline Lucas criticises attempts by chemicals multinational Ineos to impose a sweeping injunction against anti-fracking campaigners The chemicals multinational Ineos is facing criticism for seeking to curb democratic protests against fracking in a move described by Green MP Caroline Lucas as “extremely worrying”.On Tuesday Ineos began its latest legal move to impose a sweeping injunction against all campaigners protesting over its fracking operations. Continue reading...

31 октября, 18:57

Will Cheniere Energy Partners (CQH) Beat Earnings in Q3?

Cheniere Energy Partners LP Holdings (CQH) primarily operates the Sabine Pass natural gas regasification and liquefaction terminal - the first facility to get FERC approval to ship LNG overseas.

30 октября, 18:34

Компания из Мегиона выиграла тендер на ГРП на Чаянде

Работы будут проводиться на 113 скважинах с декабря 2017 года по август 2019 года. «Газпром» выбрал компанию «Совместное предприятие «МеКаМинефть» из Мегиона для проведения гидроразрывов пласта (ГРП) при строительстве скважин Чаяндинского НГКМ. Работы будут проводиться на 113 скважинах с декабря 2017 года по август 2019 года, сообщается в материалах газового холдинга. При стартовой цене лота в 5,465 млрд руб. победитель закупки вызвался выполнить работы за 4,931 млрд. За лот боролись также «ФракДжет-Волга», «Ньютех Велл Сервис», «Альянс Сервис», Schlumberger Logelco Inc, «Дриллинг Арт». «Газпром» объявил в начале сентября тендер на 18 млрд руб. на 210 ГРП на Чаянде на период до конца 2021 года, однако две недели спустя закупка была отменена. В июне 2017 года «МеКаМинефть» уже выигрывала подобные тендеры – получила контракты «Роснефти» на ГРП на сумму 13,4 млрд руб. ЗАО СП «МеКаМинефть» – нефтесервисная компания Западно-Сибирского региона, специализирующаяся на услугах в сфере повышения нефтеотдачи пластов для нефтедобывающих комплексов. Выручка «МеКаМинефть» в 2016 году составила 10,8 млрд руб., чистая прибыль – 64 млн руб.

27 октября, 20:00

Emerge Energy Services (EMES): What Will Q3 Earnings Unveil?

Fracking sand player Emerge Energy Services (EMES) will have to tackle new capacity that might temper sales and pricing.

27 октября, 10:27

5 Surprising Lies HGTV Told You About Buying a Home These Days

Whether you love HGTV shows, such as 'Fixer Upper' and 'House Hunters,' there’s no denying the network has changed the way we think about homebuying.

Выбор редакции
25 октября, 08:30

Pollutants from fracking could pose health risk to children, warn researchers

Analysis of US fracking sites suggests pollutants including airborne particulates and heavy metals could affect neurodevelopment of babies and childrenPollutants released during fracking processes could pose a health risk to infants and children, according to researchers studying chemicals involved in shale gas operations.The extraction of shale gas using pressurised fluid – a process known as fracking – has been used commercially since the 1950s and in recent years has fuelled an energy boom in the US. Many countries around the world are looking to follow suit – including Australia and the UK, where the first drilling in six years is expected to begin this week in the North Yorkshire village of Kirby Misperton, despite staunch opposition from protesters. Continue reading...

24 октября, 17:49

Эксперты считают, что благодаря позитивным тенденциям на рынке цена на нефть поднимется

В крупнейшей нефтесервисной компании Schlumberger утверждают, что цена на нефть поднимется, так как на рынке сложились позитивные тенденции, а сам рынок сбалансирован после многих лет избыточного предложенияThe post Эксперты считают, что благодаря позитивным тенденциям на рынке цена на нефть поднимется appeared first on MixedNews.

24 октября, 17:49

Эксперты считают, что благодаря позитивным тенденциям на рынке цена на нефть поднимется

В крупнейшей нефтесервисной компании Schlumberger утверждают, что цена на нефть поднимется, так как на рынке сложились позитивные тенденции, а сам рынок сбалансирован после многих лет избыточного предложенияThe post Эксперты считают, что благодаря позитивным тенденциям на рынке цена на нефть поднимется appeared first on MixedNews.

24 октября, 17:49

Эксперты считают, что благодаря позитивным тенденциям на рынке цена на нефть поднимется

В крупнейшей нефтесервисной компании Schlumberger утверждают, что цена на нефть поднимется, так как на рынке сложились позитивные тенденции, а сам рынок сбалансирован после многих лет избыточного предложенияThe post Эксперты считают, что благодаря позитивным тенденциям на рынке цена на нефть поднимется appeared first on MixedNews.

Выбор редакции
24 октября, 01:14

«Роснефть» создала первый в Евразии промышленный симулятор ГРП

НК «Роснефть» создала первый в Евразии промышленный симулятор гидравлического разрыва пласта (ГРП) «РН‑ГРИД». Импортозамещающая разработка обеспечит технологическую независимость Компании в области компьютерного моделирования и повысит эффективность операций ГРП.Научно-исследовательские работы по созданию уникального программного продукта были проведены специалистами корпоративного института Компании «РН-УфаНИПИнефть» (входит в корпоративный научно-проектный комплекс).Программный комплекс «РН-ГРИД» обеспечивает выполнение всех операций и инженерных расчетов, необходимых для проектирования ГРП: загрузка и визуализация исходных данных большого объема, создание геомеханической модели пласта, анализ диагностических закачек, расчет дизайна и анализ фактически проведенных операций ГРП с использованием обширной базы данных технологических жидкостей и проппантов для ГРП.Математическая модель симулятора «РН-ГРИД» базируется на самой со...

Выбор редакции
13 октября, 12:41

Iron Grip Of Law: UK Police drag 85yo disabled woman across street at peaceful protest

British police have been caught on camera mistreating a disabled 85yo woman at a peaceful fracking protest. A statement was later released insisting no complaint had been received over the incident. There’s also a massive online backlash against the officers. RT LIVE http://rt.com/on-air Subscribe to RT! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=RussiaToday Like us on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/RTnews Follow us on Twitter http://twitter.com/RT_com Follow us on Instagram http://instagram.com/rt Follow us on Google+ http://plus.google.com/+RT Listen to us on Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/rttv RT (Russia Today) is a global news network broadcasting from Moscow and Washington studios. RT is the first news channel to break the 1 billion YouTube views benchmark.

Выбор редакции
12 октября, 15:32

UK climate change masterplan – the grownups have finally won

Government’s clean growth strategy unequivocally states that tackling climate change and a prosperous economy go hand in handThe grownups have finally won and everyone in the UK, from those in cold homes to those on polluted streets and in flooded towns, will benefit. The most important aspect of the UK government’s new clean growth strategy is its unequivocal statement that tackling climate change and a prosperous economy are one and the same thing.This has been clear to many for some time, including Philip Hammond, if not his predecessor George Osborne. There is no long-term, high-carbon economic strategy because the impacts of unchecked climate change destroy economies, as Lord Nicholas Stern puts it. Continue reading...

Выбор редакции
Выбор редакции
11 октября, 16:31

Dynasty review – fracking hell! It's back … and even more berserk than before

The oil! The outfits! Joan Collins! The most OTT soap ever aired returns to our screens after 36 years away … and it could be the camp slice of fun we all needThe original premiere of Dynasty aired in 1981. It lasted three hours and was called Oil. The decision not to add an exclamation mark after that was the first and last moment of restraint the most 80s of all 80s soaps ever showed. By the end of the three hours, badger-headed patriarch and oil(!) tycoon Blake Carrington had married his former secretary Krystle, beaten a rival oil-rigger, tried to marry off his Headstrong Daughter Fallon (to give her full title) to a cousin to bring about a merger with rival ColbyCo, and everyone had hit their hysterical marks without disturbing a hair on their uber-coiffed heads. Then just 12 episodes later, Joan Collins arrived.The bar for this reboot, then, is magnificently high. Can the team in charge – The OC and Gossip Girl creators Josh Schwartz and Stephanie Savage developed the project, while the creators of ur-Dynasty itself Richard and Esther Shapiro are attached as producers – deliver? Let’s redo our lipgloss, clip on our diamond earrings and find out! Continue reading...

10 октября, 19:52

Trump moves to cancel landmark Obama climate change rule

The Trump administration officially moved to kill the Obama-era climate change rule for power plants Tuesday, fulfilling a campaign pledge but setting off what is expected to be a bitter legal battle between the EPA and several states, health and environmental groups. EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt signed an agency proposal to repeal the Clean Power Plan, which would have sped the nation's shift away from coal-burning power plants and toward renewable power and natural gas, which emits less planet-warming carbon dioxide. Less than a third of U.S. emissions come from the power sector, and the rule aimed to shrink them to about 15 percent below 2015 levels by 2030.Pruitt, the former Oklahoma attorney general who sued Obama’s EPA over the rule, claims that it would have cost $33 billion and is illegal because it pushed for a transition away from coal rather than directly limiting emissions from coal plants. EPA released a photo of Pruitt signing the document but did not hold a public event.EPA is exploring writing a replacement that would let states set their own standards to require coal plants to run more efficiently, or burn less coal while producing the same amount of power. That would likely achieve few emissions reductions. “The Obama administration pushed the bounds of their authority so far with the CPP that the Supreme Court issued a historic stay of the rule, preventing its devastating effects to be imposed on the American people while the rule is being challenged in court,” Pruitt said in a press release. “We are committed to righting the wrongs of the Obama administration by cleaning the regulatory slate. Any replacement rule will be done carefully, properly, and with humility, by listening to all those affected by the rule.”The Trump administration has hailed the withdrawal as a victory for coal, but market experts say the outlook for the fuel is still dim."Withdrawing the Clean Power Plan won’t clear the deck for new coal generation. The economics of natural gas and renewables are more favorable, now and in our future scenarios,” Bloomberg New Energy Finance Policy Editor Steph Munro said.During President Barack Obama’s two terms, the fracking boom turned the U.S. into a natural gas super power, cutting the cost of the fuel by 75 percent and leading to a boom in natural gas-power generation, which tripled between 2009 and 2016, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration.Wind power also surged under Obama, tripling in capacity, while solar power grew from virtually zero to become the leading source of new power generation in 2016.Jim Matheson, CEO of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, said the withdrawal will give cooperatives, which are owned by customers rather than investors, flexibility to decide when to take coal plants offline. Those co-ops got 62 percent of their power from coal in 2016, compared to 71 percent just two years before, he said.Still, Matheson wants EPA to write a replacement rule to provide business certainty to the utilities, although he acknowledged that process could take years.“To the extent we can have a level of clarity over time about what the playing field looks like, that matters,” he said. Many electricity companies believe that if Pruitt's EPA can write a replacement rule, it will be more difficult for a future administration to challenge than if he takes no action at all. Critics have contended that Pruitt plans to slow-walk the process. Conservative groups praised the repeal, with lobbying group Americans for Prosperity saying it would prevent “dramatically higher” energy costs.Health advocates say Trump’s EPA is vastly overstating the costs of the rule while ignoring the impacts of climate change and other pollutants that come from coal plants, especially by declining to count the benefits of reducing those emissions in an analysis of the Clean Power Plan.When EPA finalized the Clean Power Plan, the agency estimated that by 2030 it would annually prevent 3,600 premature deaths, 90,000 childhood asthma attacks and 1,700 heart attacks.“These are not insignificant benefits, health effects,” said Paul Billings, senior vice president of advocacy at the American Lung Association. “I don’t necessarily agree with the dollar amount they place on the cost of a human life, but it does create a basis for doing comparisons across rules … to translate those health effects into dollars costs."More than half of states sued to stop the Clean Power Plan, and the Supreme Court in early 2016 stayed its implementation while a lower court considered the challenge.EPA has been asking the court to withhold its decision about whether the rule was legal until the agency has had a chance to withdraw it and explore an alternative.Tim Profeta, director of Duke University’s Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, said EPA is nixing the rule now to keep the court from issuing a decision.“The court should decide the case that it has before it in order to clear up any dispute over the extent of EPA’s authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions from power plants,” Profeta said.Since Trump's election, 14 green-leaning states have banded together as part of the Climate Alliance and said they will aim to curb emissions even without the federal government.“We will push ahead and work with states that share our belief in science and the imperative to combat global warming,” California Gov. Jerry Brown said.Washington Gov. Jay Inslee added that “Washington state is already feeling the harmful and costly effects of climate change — in more devastating wildfire seasons, strained water resources, increasingly acidic coastal waters, and more. And we are taking action to respond.”Inslee argued that “the United States Supreme Court has ruled on three separate occasions that the EPA has a responsibility, under the Clean Air Act and other federal laws, to protect American communities from harmful carbon pollution.”The Supreme Court in 2007 ruled that EPA would have authority to regulate carbon if the agency found it to be a danger to public health. EPA subsequently decided that carbon is a pollutant. For Pruitt to avoid climate regulations outright, he would have to fight that finding, which many legal experts say is a losing battle. Eric Wolff contributed to this report

Выбор редакции
10 октября, 19:16

Woman, 79, supplying tea to anti-fracking protesters forcibly removed by police

Jackie Brookes, who had been providing refreshments at Kirby Misperton camp for past month, accuses officers of bullyingA 79-year-old woman who set up a tea and cake stall at the site of an anti-fracking protest in North Yorkshire has been forcibly removed by police. Related: Slinging mud: inside (and outside) the UK's biggest fracking site Continue reading...

Выбор редакции
10 октября, 14:18

Ineos discloses document used to gain injunction on fracking protests

Petrochemical company backs down after earlier refusal to the Guardian’s request to hand over the legal documentA multinational firm has backed down and disclosed a legal document that it used to justify a controversial sweeping injunction against anti-fracking protesters.Ineos, which aspires to become one of the UK’s major frackers, had refused to disclose the document after it had been requested by the Guardian under open justice guidelines. However the petrochemical giant has reversed its stance and handed it over to the newspaper. Continue reading...

Выбор редакции
10 октября, 14:10

Closed justice: how British courts are still keeping the public in the dark | Rob Evans

As the petrochemical company Ineos finally discloses a legal document used to justify an injunction against anti-fracking protesters, it’s clear open justice is under threatReporting public court cases can sometimes feel like you have come into a conversation halfway through and are then left struggling to understand what is being talked about. It is an open court, but it feels like it is being conducted as private business between the lawyers and the judge. Related: Ineos discloses document used to gain injunction on fracking protests Continue reading...

06 октября, 17:30

SEE, IF YOU’RE NOT SERIOUS ABOUT FRACKING, YOU’RE NOT SERIOUS ABOUT INDEPENDENCE: Fracking Fails in…

SEE, IF YOU’RE NOT SERIOUS ABOUT FRACKING, YOU’RE NOT SERIOUS ABOUT INDEPENDENCE: Fracking Fails in Scotland. England may be tentatively embracing shale drilling once again, but Scotland is taking a more wary approach. Earlier this summer Britain drilled the vertical shaft of its first shale well since 2011, when the country issued a moratorium on […]

Выбор редакции
06 октября, 01:00

The Fracking Boom, a Baby Boom, and the Retreat From Marriage

Season 7, Episode 5 This week on Freakonomics Radio: over 40 percent of U.S. births are to unmarried mothers, and the numbers are especially high among the less-educated. Why? One argument is that the decline in good manufacturing jobs led to a decline in “marriageable” men. Surely the fracking boom reversed that trend, right? Stephen J. Dubner investigates. […] The post The Fracking Boom, a Baby Boom, and the Retreat From Marriage appeared first on Freakonomics.