Фонд «Наследие» (Heritage Foundation — эритэйдж фаундэйшн) — стратегический исследовательский институт США, который занимается широким спектром исследования международной политики. Имеет консервативную направленность. Основан в 1973 году. Директор — Эдвин Фелнер (Ed Feulner).
Декларируемая идея института — построить статистическую модель общества и обеспечить доступ к ней широкой общественности. Фонд издаёт ряд аналитических исследований, из самых известных — ежегодный «Индекс экономической свободы», «Политические эксперты 2000», «Мандат на лидерство» (рекомендательные материалы для кандидатов в президенты США).
Кроме того, выдаются журнал «The Insider», разнообразные буклеты на 12-30 страниц («Backgrounder», «Executive Memorandum», «Executive Summary» и др.), Для газет — фельетоны (2-3 раза в неделю), организуются проблемные конференции. Вики
В США призывают Трампа «помочь Украине» с вооружением. В США и на Украине не умолкают призывы к президенту США Дональду Трампу предоставить Киеву летальное оружие. В частности, аналитический центр Heritage Foundation, который негласно называют «мозговым центром администрации...
мериканский аналитический центр Heritage Foundation, который в Соединенных Штатах называют «мозговым центром администрации Дональда Трампа», обнародовал доклад с призывом предоставить Украине летальное оборонительное вооружение.
Влиятельный американский аналитический центр Heritage Foundation, который ряд обозревателей и СМИ называют мозговым центром администрации Дональда Трампа, в среду обнародовал доклад с призывом вооружить Украину. Об этом сообщает Голос Америки. «На следующей неделе президент США […]
Американский аналитический центр Heritage Foundation, который обозреватели и СМИ называют мозговым центром администрации Дональда Трампа, обнародовал доклад с призывом вооружить Украину. Об этом сообщает «Голос Америки«. «На следующей неделе президент США Дональд Трамп решит, одобрять […]
“The point is, these tax cuts will bring about broad-based economic gains that will affect Americans across the board.” The Coming Tax-Cut Boom Editorial Investor’s Business Daily November 20, 2017 The proposed Tax Cut and Jobs Act now making its way through both houses of Congress will slash taxes by some $1.5 trillion over 10 years. How much bang for the buck does that give? Quite a lot, according to a new Heritage Foundation forecast. … Actual GDP will by permanently higher by anywhere from 2.6% (House) to 2.8% (Senate). The point is, both bills, though widely criticized and certainly not perfect, are economic-growth bills. They will expand the economy, and make a big difference for average households. How big a difference? Annual GDP per household will be permanently higher by an inflation adjusted $4,098 under the House bill, and $4,403 under the Senate bill. These are significant boosts to household incomes after nearly two decades of stagnation in median real incomes, and would go a long way toward ending the early 21st century economic malaise that began after the dot-com boom went bust. … The point is, the magic missing from our economy in recent years has been growth. Average 2% GDP growth over the past decade is substandard. Restoring our historic path of 3% growth is within reach. Read the full editorial here.
John Venable Security, North America The U.S. Air Force needs to make pilot service more competitive and rewarding. President Trump’s recent executive order authorizing the secretary of defense to recall up to a thousand retired Air Force pilots to fill that service’s ever-growing shortfall is certainly welcome. It may indeed help temporarily quell the current fighter-pilot manning crisis. But it’s a Band-Aid, not a cure. The long-term repercussions of implementation are unlikely to thwart the downward spiral of pilot retention, or the readiness of the Air Force. The fighter-pilot shortage has grown increasingly worrisome over the last several years. The Heritage Foundation’s 2018 Index of U.S. Military Strength rated the Air Force as “weak,” based in part on its current and forecast shortfall of fighter pilots. By year’s end, the service is projected to have fewer than 2,643 of the 3,643 active-duty fighter pilots it needs to execute its mission. That problem is exacerbated by how long it takes to train competent pilots to replace those exiting the service. It takes two years for a pilot candidate to complete basic flight school and the fighter-training pipeline. But even then, those graduates aren’t ready for combat. Mission-qualification training at their gaining unit consumes another two to three months before new pilots are ready to follow someone else into combat as a wingman. From there, it takes two years to become a flight lead, two more before they can upgrade to instructor and a total of seven years before an individual maximizes his potential as a fighter pilot. Yes, bringing previously qualified fighter pilots back on active duty will help the Air Force recover all of that experience over the course of months, rather than years. The training required to requalify them would be minimal, as would be the cost, and enticing some of these “graybeards” to return will be relatively easy. However, this solution introduces new problems that will exacerbate the current pilot-retention dilemma. In fact, it will help to mask several very real reasons pilots will continue leaving the service in the years ahead. Read full article
There are definite pros to increasing the minimum wage, but there are cons as well. Will the pluses outweigh the minuses when it comes to your money?
«Российский след» будут искать под микроскопом: итоги встречи Трампа и Путина спрогнозировал эксперт
Встреча президентов России и США Владимира Путина и Дональда Трампа состоится 10 ноября, сообщил помощник отечественного лидера Юрий Ушаков.
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act is a tax cut for the middle class, and House Republicans recognize that small business is a huge driver of middle-class lives. That’s why this legislation is designed to provide small businesses tax relief, whether it's a business that employs hundreds of workers or is just a regular mom-and-pop operation. Here's how it works: The reality is that most small businesses file as individuals. These small-businesses are known as “pass-through” entities and will experience major tax relief from our plan. 1. They will experience all the benefits that individual taxpayers see, such as: Doubling the standard deduction small businesses can take, from $12,200 for a joint filing to $24,400. Simplification of the tax brackets, from 7 brackets to 4 brackets. Lower rates at every income bracket. 2. That’s not all. In order to ensure that small businesses continue to expand and raise wages, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act includes a small business provision: a 25 percent cap on how much small businesses can be taxed. That means, a small pass-through business bringing in one million dollars will not be taxed at 39.6 percent, but rather will be able to take advantage of the new small business income tax of 25 percent. But the benefits also extend to mom-and-pop small businesses that take in far less than that. A typical small business takes in, for example, $75,000 in income will see lower taxes as well. First, it gets the benefit of the larger standard deduction, which means more of its money isn't being taxed at all. And then most of this business' taxable income will now be taxed at a 12 percent rate instead of the current 15 percent. That's real savings. There are also guardrails in place so that high-income earners cannot game the system and file as businesses in order to take advantage of the system. 3. Cash flow is incredibly important to small businesses. Another provision in the plan allows small businesses to write off capital investment expenditures in the year they are incurred. That includes computers, manufacturing equipment, and trucks. That’s a tax break these businesses will see immediately. As Stephen Moore of the Heritage Foundation and Alfredo Ortiz of the Jobs Creators Network said in an op-ed over the weekend, “Taken together, these small business provisions in the new tax bill bring vital relief to the nation’s job creators. President Trump said last week that one primary goal of this bill is to make America’s business tax system one of the most competitive in the world, where businesses can expand, hire, and raise wages. All small businesses should support it.” We believe small businesses are the backbone of the American economy. They are the ones creating jobs and raising wages. Helping small businesses means we’re helping the middle class. That’s why they receive major tax cuts in our legislation. Simply put: It’s good for the middle class and good for the economy.
Authored by Giulio Meoti via The Gatestone Institute, "The migrant crisis is the 9/11 of the European Union... That day in 2001, everything changed in the US. In a minute, America discovered its vulnerability. Migrants had the same effect in Europe... The migration crisis profoundly undermines the ideas of democracy, tolerance and... the liberal principles that constitute our ideological landscape." — Ivan Kratsev, Chairman of the Center for Liberal Strategies in Sofia and a member of the Institute of Humanities in Vienna, Le Figaro. The European public now looks at EU institutions with contempt. They perceive them -- under multiculturalism and immigration -- not only as indifferent to their own problems, but as adding to them. "We are a cultural community, which doesn't mean that we are better or worse -- we are simply different from the outside world... our openness and tolerance cannot mean walking away from protecting our heritage". — Donald Tusk, President of the European Council. A few weeks after Germany opened its borders to over a million refugees from the Middle East, Africa and Asia, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán said that the migration crisis would "destabilize democracies". He was labelled a demagogue and a xenophobe. Two years later, Orbán has been vindicated. As Politico now explains, "[M]ost EU leaders echo the Hungarian prime minister" and the Hungarian PM can now claim that "our position is slowly becoming the majority position". Many in Europe seem to have understood what Ivan Krastev, the Chairman of the Center for Liberal Strategies in Sofia and a member of the Institute of Humanities in Vienna, recently explained to Le Figaro: "The migrant crisis is the 9/11 of the European Union... That day in 2001, everything changed in the US. In a minute, America discovered its vulnerability. Migrants had the same effect in Europe. It is not their number that destabilizes the continent... The migration crisis profoundly undermines the ideas of democracy, tolerance and progress as well as the liberal principles that constitute our ideological landscape. It is a turning point in the political dynamics of the European project". Thousands of migrants arrive on foot at a railway station in Tovarnik, Croatia, September 17, 2015. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images) Migration is having a significant impact, for instance, on Europe's public finances. Take the two countries most affected by it. Germany's federal government spent 21.7 billion euros in 2016 to deal with it. Also reported was that Germany's budget for security this year will grow by at least a third, from 6.1 billion to 8.3 billion euros. In Italy, the Minister of Economy and Finance recently announced that the country will spend 4.2 billion in 2017 on migrants (one-seventh of Italy's entire budget for 2016). Spain recently announced that in North Africa, the fence around its enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla, which keeps migrants out of the Spanish territory, will be funded through a further infusion of 12 million euros. Everywhere in Europe, states are allocating extra resources to deal with the migrant crisis, which has also changed Europe's political landscape. The recent election victories of Sebastian Kurz in Austria and Andrej Babis in the Czech Republic have potentially enlarged the group of Central and Eastern European countries that oppose Brussels -- countries that do not want to accept the number of migrants that the EU is demanding. The topic of immigration is fracturing Europe along ideological lines. Not only fences, but rivalry, mistrust and hate now divide the European project more deeply than ever before. The European public now looks at EU institutions with contempt. They perceive them -- under multiculturalism and immigration -- not only as indifferent to their own problems, but as adding to them. Another political earthquake linked with the migration crisis is "the decline of social democracy in the West", as Josef Joffe, Editor and Publisher of Die Zeit, recently called it. Everywhere in Europe, the migration crisis has all but killed the social-democratic parties, long perceived as unable to cope with it. Twenty years ago, these left-liberal parties governed everywhere -- Spain, Britain, Germany, for instance -- but now they are in the opposition everywhere except Italy. From Norway to Austria, Europe is now led by conservative governments. More than half the terror plots in Germany since the onset of the migrant crisis in 2014 have involved migrants, according to headlines as well as a study by the Heritage Foundation. In addition, ever since the Islamic State -- now defeated in Raqqa -- took advantage of the destabilization caused by Syria's civil war to become a major driver of the migrant crisis, migration has been a major concern for Europe's security. From the territory it conquered, ISIS launched major terror attacks on Europe. The migration crisis has also led to the strategic strengthening in Europe of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. He has been blackmailing European countries by threatening that if billions of euros and certain political concessions are not given to him, he will open Turkey's borders to let millions more migrants flood into Europe. Erdogan has not only demanded that Europe jail writers and journalists; he has also tried to influence elections in the Netherlands and Germany by appealing to his Turkish constituencies there. A Pew Research report shows how migration is reshaping European countries. In 2016 alone, Sweden's population grew by more than 1%. The increase is ascribed to mass migration, the second-highest in the EU. The number of immigrants rose from 16.8% to 18.3% of Sweden's population between 2015 and 2016. Austria and Norway, two other countries with large immigrant populations (at least 15% percent in 2016), saw a 1% rise from 2015. The newspaper Die Welt recently reported that 18.6 million German residents -- one-fifth of Germany's total population -- now come from migrant backgrounds. The Machiavelli Center in Italy reported in a study, "How immigration is changing Italian demographics", that an "unprecedented" shift in Italy's demography has been taking place due to the migration crisis. The Pandora's box of a demographic revolution has been opened. Two years ago, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán was the only voice in Europe speaking of the need to keep Europe "Christian". Now one of his most vocal opponents, Donald Tusk, President of the European Council, has said: "We are a cultural community, which doesn't mean that we are better or worse -- we are simply different from the outside world... our openness and tolerance cannot mean walking away from protecting our heritage". In 2015, any talk about "culture" was condemned as "racism". Now it is becoming part of the mainstream. In trying to cope with the Islamists' war on Western politics, culture and religion, and the cultural clash they created, Europe has been upended.
Authored by Danny Vinik via TheAgenda, If you’re rich enough, some of your income is taxed at a rate unseen since the ‘80s. House Republicans claim the tax plan they introduced Thursday keeps the top individual rate unchanged at 39.6 percent - the level at which it’s been capped for much of the past quarter-century. But a little-noticed provision effectively creates a new band in which income is taxed at over 45 percent. Thanks to a quirky proposed surcharge, Americans who earn more than $1 million in taxable income would trigger an extra 6 percent tax on the next $200,000 they earn - a complicated change that effectively creates a new, unannounced tax bracket of 45.6 percent. It hasn’t been advertised by Republicans, who have described their plan as maintaining the current top tax rate of 39.6 percent. And it goes against decades of GOP orthodoxy that raising taxes on the rich discourages work and reduces economic growth. Reached by phone, Steve Moore, a tax expert at The Heritage Foundation, said the surcharge was news to him. “I was just in a briefing with the White House on this,” he said. “They didn’t mention that. It seems kind of bizarre to me.” The new rate stems from a provision in the bill intended to help the government recover, from the very wealthy, some of the benefits that lower-income taxpayers enjoy. Under the House GOP plan, all individuals—no matter whether they earn $35,000, $150,000 or $10 million—would pay the lowest rate, 12 percent, on their first $45,000 in taxable income. That’s a normal feature of current American tax law. But in the new plan, House Republicans want to claw back some of that benefit for individuals who earn more than $1 million, or couples earning more than $1.2 million. Here’s how it would work: After the first $1 million in taxable income, the government would impose a 6 percent surcharge on every dollar earned, until it made up for the tax benefits that the rich receive from the low tax rate on that first $45,000. That surcharge remains until the government has clawed back the full $12,420, which would occur at about $1.2 million in taxable income. At that point, the surcharge disappears and the top tax rate drops back to 39.6 percent. This type of tax is sometimes called a “bubble tax,” because the marginal tax rate effectively bubbles up for a brief period before falling back to a lower level. According to POLITICO’s calculation, the surcharge could raise more than $50 billion over a decade - money that will help the GOP meet the $1.5 trillion in increased deficits that their budget allows for and required to balance out tax cuts elsewhere. Balancing out those costs means that the bill can pass through budget reconciliation, and Senate Democrats can’t filibuster the bill. Whom would it affect? According to the Internal Revenue Service, 438,000 tax filers had more than $1 million in taxable income in 2015, most of whom also make more than $1.2 million—meaning they’d pay the full additional $12,420 in bubble tax. Altogether, that surcharge could have raised roughly $5 billion in 2015, the latest year in which numbers are available, meaning it could potentially bring in around $50 billion over the next decade. That’s not huge money in a plan that cuts taxes $1.5 trillion—but every bit counts. A spokesperson for the House Ways and Means Committee did not dispute the math but characterized the bubble as "the phase-out of a tax benefit" for high earners, rather than a surcharge. "The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act provides tax relief at every income level," said the spokesperson. The idea of a bubble tax is not exactly new. In fact, the corporate tax code currently contains a bubble tax, which the GOP plan would eliminate. But the hidden nature of bubble taxes concerns experts who believe that the tax code should be easy to understand. “It certainly doesn’t promote tax transparency in terms of letting people readily understand the true rate structure,” said Alan Viard, a tax expert at the American Enterprise Institute. “I don’t think many people in the tax policy community are enthused about this kind of provision.” The bubble tax also represents something of a break from nearly all Republican tax plans for the past few decades. Supply-side conservatives have long complained that the current tax rates on top earners are too high, discouraging work and reducing economic growth. House Republicans proposed lowering the top rate to 33 percent in the tax blueprint that they released last year. Over the past few weeks, faced with pressure from President Donald Trump to counter critics who said the plan is a giveaway to the rich and needing additional revenue, GOP leaders acceded to leaving the top rate unchanged. For a party that has focused intently on lowering marginal tax rates, it was a big concession. Through the bubble tax, though, House Republicans quietly went a step further. The change could anger conservatives who dislike higher tax rates and weren’t expecting Republicans to include a bubble tax in their plan. After POLITICO explained the idea further to Moore, he said it was a “stupid policy” that goes against supply side theory. “All the benefits from rate reductions are from cutting the highest rate not the lowest rates,” he added. For Democrats, the extra $50 billion from the rich is almost certain not to change their criticisms that the plan contains huge giveaways to the rich in the form of corporate tax cuts and the new 25 percent rate for so-called “pass through” businesses, which include everything from small businesses to hedge funds. The bubble tax, in other words, is a way for the GOP to quietly raise much-needed revenue without changing the broader features of the bill. But it does mean that the top marginal tax rate would rise above 40 percent for the first time since 1986 - the last year that Congress overhauled the tax code.
Yesterday, the Ways and Means Committee unveiled the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act—historic legislation that will give typical American families a $1,182 tax cut. Leading conservative organizations responded with praise for the plan’s promise to deliver more jobs, fairer taxes, and bigger paychecks to the American people. Read the bill here, a summary here, and check out what conservative leaders are saying below: American Action Network: “The tax bill introduced in the House today will provide relief for American families and small businesses with a simpler, fairer tax code. Meaningful tax reform means higher wages, more jobs, and a $1,200 tax cut for the average middle-class family. Congress must work together to swiftly pass this tax reform bill, and the American Action Network is committed to spend an additional $8 million supporting this legislation, bringing our total spending to over $22 million advocating for tax cuts for the middle class.” Americans for Prosperity: “I write today to express support for the committee as it moves forward in its effort to deliver meaningful, pro-growth tax reform this year. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (H.R. 1) provides a solid foundation on which to build a bold tax reform package that seeks to unrig our economy. . . . We look forward to working with Representatives, Senators, and the Trump Administration in delivering a pro-growth tax reform package this year: one that is simple, efficient, predictable, fair and, importantly, does not place any new additional burdens on taxpayers.” Americans for Tax Reform: "The tax reform bill is a tax cut AND a jobs bill. Growth. Growth. Growth. Long overdue. Great news for taxpayers and those left behind by eight years of slow growth under Obama." Citizens Against Government Waste: “The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act would boost wages, turbocharge the economy, and allow Americans to keep more of their own money. Every taxpayer dollar that is returned back to the American people is a dollar not frittered away by a federal bureaucracy teeming with waste, fraud, abuse, and mismanagement. From a permanent corporate rate of 20 percent that dramatically enhances America’s global competitiveness, to a simplification of the tax code that will allow most Americans to file their taxes on a postcard, this bill delivers for every American.” Club for Growth: “Few things in Washington have the potential to unleash economic growth and job creation like the prospects of a pro-growth tax plan. There are lots of components to praise in the House’s tax legislation, like immediate expensing for businesses and cutting the corporate tax rate. . . . Club for Growth is eager to continue working with Congress to implement the most pro-growth tax plan in our nation’s history.” Faith & Freedom Coalition: “A vote for this bill is a vote for tax cuts that Republicans have promised and America’s hardworking families desperately deserve. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act will help struggling American families succeed in today’s economy and make our job-creating businesses more competitive.” Family Business Coalition: “The Tax Cuts & Jobs Act combines historic middle-class tax relief with bold pro-growth tax cuts for small businesses. Permanent death tax repeal removes a crushing burden from the backs of family businesses and farmers across the country.” Freedom Partners: “The House tax plan released today contains many positive provisions that will go a long way toward unrigging the economy and delivering a simpler, fairer and flatter tax code that works for everyone. Americans will benefit from more jobs, higher wages, more take home pay and better financial security in a growing economy. Freedom Works: “After more than 30 years, we have a generational opportunity to fundamentally reform America’s tax code. We applaud Chairman Brady for his years of hard work on this crucial effort. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act is a pro-growth tax reform bill that will boost the middle class, increase workers’ take home pay, and create jobs for Americans. We are committed to getting this bill across the finish line this year. Failure is not an option for us and our grassroots community. We need to boost the economy and get our country back to annual growth above 3 percent. FreedomWorks is mobilizing activists across the country to let our elected officials in the House and Senate know we support the plan. Getting this bill signed by the end of 2017 is our top priority.” Heritage Action: “At first glance, the preliminary text released today has the potential to unleash economic growth, create American jobs, increase wages for American workers, allow families to keep more of their hard-earned money, and make U.S. businesses competitive across the globe. Heritage Action applauds President Trump, Chairman Brady and congressional leaders for producing a serious plan to fundamentally reform a stagnant and convoluted tax code that suppresses American job creators and workers.” Heritage Foundation: “The details of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act released today by the House Ways and Means Committee include some of the essential components of pro-growth tax reform. As it currently stands, the plan would significantly lower business tax rates and provide temporary expensing for new capital investments. These components would be a boost for working Americans who will see increased wages and greater job opportunities. The plan also takes huge strides in simplifying the tax code by lowering tax rates for a majority of Americans, reducing the use of itemized deductions, and significantly scaling back the state and local tax deduction which vastly benefits the wealthiest Americans.” Hispanic Leadership Fund: “We are highly encouraged that the low-overdue process of reforming out nation’s broken tax code is finally here. It is critically important to the American economy that the focus is rightly placed on creating jobs, increasing income for working families, and giving all Americans the opportunity to pursue the American dream.” National Taxpayers Union: “The Tax Cut and Jobs Act of 2017 signals that Republicans in the House of Representatives take seriously their responsibility to foster an economy that works for all Americans. The reforms proposed in this legislation can unleash our country’s economic potential that has suffered under an complex and burdensome tax code for too long. Pro-growth tax reform must provide certainty for American businesses and families and this bill marks a significant step forward in securing lasting confidence for all Americans.” Taxpayers Protection Alliance: “We are encourage that this plan will simplify the tax code, boost small businesses, and create a fair playing field for the middle-class. The tax plan presented provides the framework for individual tax reform, with a reduction in tax brackets from seven to four. The plan also simplifies the tax code, which already contains 2.4 million words. To put that in perspective, the novel War and Peace has 587,000 words.”
Как только Дональд Трамп триумфально выиграл праймериз в штате Индиана и фактически обеспечил себе номинацию от Республиканской партии, заставив Теда Круза и Джона Кейсика сняться с гонки, журналисты и эксперты начали спекуляции на тему: а кто же будет его партнером на всеобщих выборах (как говорят в Америке, running mate), т.е. кандидатом в вице-президенты.