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06 октября, 21:37

The Fourth Industrial Revolution from Islamic Economy's Perspective

Economists and research analysts today are increasingly forecasting the onset of a Fourth Industrial Revolution and looking to outline the key determinants that drive such a revolution. Their wish-list of components to fuel this advanced phase of human civilisation include speedy production, low costs attached to such production, reduced reliance on human resources, innovative products and services, markets that study consumer trends and seamlessly offer big data to manufacturers, new energy resources, innovative production trends, and a novel culture of consumption. While the Fourth Industrial Revolution may constitute all of these aspects as indicated by economists and researchers, we need to examine if they truly provide solutions to our needs as human beings and the looming challenges we may face in the future. Since the beginning of evolution, mankind has proven recurrently that 'necessity is the mother of invention'. Human beings invented basic life tools to meet their varied needs and developed these tools gradually to address evolving demands. As societies started to take shape, inventions and discoveries offered an integrated system of production meansand shaped lifestyles - these in turn helped develop unified economic and social ecosystems. Undoubtedly, every invention or discovery belongs to all of humanity - without distinction. The main goal behind any invention is to meet people's demands and enhance their daily lives. Given this premise, how do we explain the rise of poverty, hunger, and marginalisation of large societies? Why do we still have large swathes of people suffering from debt and poor levels of education in advanced industrial countries? How can we explain the recurrent crises in the global economy? Most importantly, how do we leverage our inventions and technological advancements to resolve urgent issues and problems? Also, how do we improve our ethical standards to align with our scientific and technological progress? The answers to these questions may help us better understand what we need to achieve in the next phase of development. We are not arguing here against technological advancement. We believe that such achievements are inevitable for the progress of individual lives and the civilisation at large. They arise from the constant human pursuit of a better life and manifest the human ambition that should not be limited but allowed to thrive while adhering to standards of justice and sustainability. What we are trying to understand is how the Third Industrial Revolution and the imminent Fourth Industrial Revolution can help resolve critical issues such as social disintegration, and ignite the human consciousness - even while shaping standards and priorities and providing mankind with modern tools and techniques. In our view, these 'revolutions' should have a mandate to enhance people's social status and not remain confined to developing material instruments. Many economists have already highlighted the challenges of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Klaus Schwab, Founder and Executive Chairman of the World Economic Forum, examined the likely challenges that can emerge as a result of this new system of production. In an article in Project Syndicate, that publishes and syndicates commentary and analysis on topics including global affairs, economics, finance, and development, Schwab said: "The Fourth Industrial Revolution has the potential to empower individuals and communities, as it creates new opportunities for economic, social, and personal development. But it also could lead to the marginalisation of some groups, exacerbate inequality, create new security risks, and undermine human relationships." In the same article, Schwab called for a 'new collective and moral consciousness' to put an end to individualism and elite supremacy while driving technology towards uplifting human knowledge, and enabling it to serve as a tool to achieve stability and long-term sustainability. Klaus Schwab and other economists of his ilk demonstrate a responsible attitude towards the future - one that we at Dubai Islamic Economy Development Centre wholly concur with. Given our proposition of Islamic economy as a new ecosystem that coexists with modern industrial revolutions, we need to offer clear-cut answers to the questions and concerns posed by experts and laymen alike. The approach we adopt to deal with challenges of the future is based on responsible financing and investment in future projects and products. Responsible investment and finance measures should serve the ultimate goal of fulfilling the needs of the majority rather than merely answering the demands and ambitions of the elite. For instance, if we are asked to choose between financing scientific research on medication that could change the colour of human eyes or research that aims to develop medication to treat cancer, diabetes and polio in developing countries, we would most definitely pick the second option. Similarly, if we are asked to decide between financing the manufacturing of expensive food products or financing solutions for agriculture and animal husbandry, we will inevitably choose the latter. Investing in basic needs that are required by the vast majority is a sustainable and profitable exercise. Most importantly, such investments will create diverse job opportunities and enable us to effectively utilise natural resources to solve problems in different countries. At the same time, investing in the demands of the elite is a high-risk, non-guaranteed and short-term investment that is beyond the purview or goals of human economic agendas. The new technologies that the next industrial revolution will deliver are set to provide golden opportunities for all human beings. They will create new businesses and tools to solve scientific challenges and climate issues. They will also provide communities in the third world with the opportunity to reduce costs and establish new factories and enterprises. In addition, these technologies will decrease the cost of healthcare, education, transportation and online communication systems. If technology succeeds in reducing the cost of education, it will be much easier to access knowledge. Knowledge will serve as a significant component of future competition - particularly with the growth of the digital economy. The human element is key in defining the trends of the next industrial revolution. Scientific and technological advancements need to be developed in parallel with a conscious consideration of the world's most pressing needs. Today we all agree that sustainability and social stability are the ultimate goals behind any future activity. The need of the hour is to empower human resources among new generations and to also factor in the cultural and ethical empowerment of the pioneers of tomorrow. These potential leaders have grown up in a troubled economic era where greed and the desire to make quick profits - regardless of the costs - have overtaken the values and standards that regulate all human behaviour. We need a knowledge revolution that revives our collective consciousness. One in which modern communication would heighten the sense of belonging to the community at large and achieve a lasting impact on our lives. In the final analysis, the Fourth Industrial Revolution is well capable of transforming who we are as human beings. Klaus Schwab said it succinctly by pointing out that while the inevitable knowledge revolution could hold the power to 'robotise' us, it can also complement the best aspects of human nature - creativity, empathy, stewardship - and lift humanity into a new collective and moral consciousness based on a shared sense of destiny. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

29 августа, 16:35

Рустам Минниханов: «Мы перевели статистику в электронный вид – 40% данных никому не нужны»

«К 2025 году искусственный интеллект может стать членом совета директоров в какой-нибудь компании», — такими рассказами пытались сегодня удивить президента РТ молодые шейперы из 25 стран мира. Корреспондент «БИЗНЕС Online» на форуме узнал, почему Минниханов не играет в игры на телефоне и чем Татарстан готов ответить на четвертую промышленную революцию.

08 июля, 00:52

China 2016 - Navigating the Fourth Industrial Revolution: The View from Korea

http://www.weforum.org/ How is Korea responding to the opportunities and challenges brought about by the Fourth Industrial Revolution? Speaker: -Hwang Kyo-Ahn, Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea. Chaired by Klaus Schwab, Founder and Executive Chairman, World Economic Forum.

08 июля, 00:05

China 2016 - Opening Plenary with Premier Li Keqiang

http://www.weforum.org/ ·Li Keqiang, Premier of the People's Republic of China. Chaired by Klaus Schwab, Founder and Executive Chairman, World Economic Forum.

27 июня, 14:04

Без заголовка

Заявленные Китаем на 13-ю пятилетку меры, в особенности реформа в сфере предложения, прокладывают путь в новую индустриальную эпоху, а в эту эпоху главными драйверами экономического роста являются инновации и человеческий капитал. Такое заявление, во время своего выступления на открытии форума "Летний Давос-2016" в понедельник, сделал основатель Всемирного экономического форума /ВЭФ/ Клаус Шваб.

16 июня, 18:24

[Перевод] Почему корпорации сотрудничают со стартапами? И почему стартапы сотрудничают с крупными корпорациями?

Почему корпорации сотрудничают со стартапами? И почему стартапы сотрудничают с крупными корпорациями? 1. Сила перемен a) «Быстрая рыба поглощает медленную» «В современном мире не большая рыба поглощает мелкую, а быстрая поглощает медленную», — говорит Клаус Шваб, основатель и председатель совета директоров Всемирного Экономического Форума. Как показывает опыт последних лет, для создания крупной компании теперь требуется гораздо меньше времени. Если судить по оценке рыночной стоимости, то за пять лет с момента запуска рыночная стоимость компании Facebook увеличилась до 15 миллиардов долларов США (2004-2009гг). За тот же период рыночная стоимость компании Uber выросла до 40 миллиардов долларов США (2009-2014). Вторым показателем скорости роста является время, необходимое для достижения дохода в 1 миллиард долларов США. Для того чтобы достичь этого показателя компании Dell потребовалось 9 лет (1984-1993), Office Depot — 5 лет (1986-1991), а Groupontook только 2 (2008-2010). Если говорить кратко, то маленькая рыбка может довольно быстро вырасти в огромную акулу и поглотить вас. б) «Если вы сами не придумаете нечто, что разрушит вашу компанию, это сделает кто-нибудь еще» Читать дальше →

08 июня, 20:02

Четвертая промышленная революция: роботы вместо людей

  В мире грядет Четвертая промышленная революция: роботизация завоевывает все сферы жизнедеятельности человека, не только производство. Роботы все активнее вытесняют человека - скоро счет пойдет на миллионы рабочих мест. Это неизбежный и естественный процесс, который может привести как к положительным, так и к трагическим последствиям. Что станет с людьми? Кто и кем будет управлять: люди роботами или наоборот?  

08 июня, 15:45

Четвертая промышленная революция: роботы вместо людей

С самого зарождения массовой автоматизации человечество противилось засилью машин в повседневной жизни – нередко разгорались самые настоящие войны. Болезненный для многих прогресс пытались насильственным образом затормозить, но мир развивался и требовал изменений. Спустя некоторое время все же удало...

03 июня, 10:24

Четвёртая технологическая революция

То, что происходит сейчас, рисует будущее полным как возможностей и перспектив, так и страхов потерять свою человеческую природу, а то и свою жизнь в итоге. Ни много, ни мало... Четвёртая технологическая революция (4ТР), как наиболее удобный способ бесструктурного управления человечеством, может полностью перевернуть наш мир. Как уже перевернули три предыдущих технологических революции 3ТР, 2ТР и 1ТР. С одной стороны они углубили рабство землян, переведя его в цифровую плоскость. Но с другой мир стал более прозрачным, и для каждого появилось больше возможностей узнать правду. Но риски от внедрения 4ТР могут быть настолько же велики, как и открывающиеся возможности. К чему нас готовят? И к чему стоит готовиться?

25 мая, 12:00

Спасти будущее: первый рейтинг инновационных компаний Украины

Как инновации и наука способны возродить украинскую экономику

13 апреля, 14:17

Новая промышленная революция и Россия: кто кого?

В стране торжествует отрицательное замещение трудовых ресурсов

02 апреля, 09:26

Парадокс: китайцы отдыхают, россияне надрываются

В КНР переходят на 4-дневную рабочую неделю. Смогут ли перенять этот опыт у нас?

22 марта, 20:05

What is Davos? A Glimpse Into the Future of Our World

Photo: I had the honour of meeting Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau "The fourth industrial revolution is unlike anything humankind has previously experienced. New technologies are merging the physical, digital and biological worlds in ways that create both huge promise and potential peril. The speed breadth and depth of this revolution is forcing us to rethink how countries develop, how organizations create value and even what it means to be human." - Klaus Schwab, Founder and Executive Chairman of the World Economic Forum Photo: Prime Minister Justin Trudeau takes a selfie with the Global Shapers after our private session - he is definitely the new face of global leadership for millennials We are living in an increasingly complex and uncertain world of constant change unlike anything in history. Advances in technology are outpacing implementation and these emerging technologies whilst presenting brilliant opportunities for a more positive world also present potentially detrimental threats. In January, I had the unique opportunity to see the world through a crystal ball otherwise known as the Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum. The meeting is popularly known as Davos, because it takes place in Davos, Switzerland a remote ski town located 3 hours south east of Zurich. So what exactly is Davos? From my experience it is an extremely exclusive gathering of 2500 of the most powerful and influential leaders on the planet meeting to discuss ideas and opportunities to change the world for the better including issues of immediate global consequence, such as the refugee crisis. The audience is diverse capturing business leaders, innovators and creatives, nobel laureates, academic stalwarts, government officials and celebrities, but Davos is especially known for its enduring ability to attract billionaires and world leaders in abundance. This is a one of a kind convergence of people bold enough to believe they have a role to play in shaping the future of the entire planet and it may be fair to conclude that the collective is well positioned with many of resources necessary to do so. The gathering offers a unique community feel, a trust network where heads of state and the business elite are extremely approachable and open to dialogue. For the most part people are open to discussion and the playing field is relatively level. Photo: Microsoft Founder Bill Gates sits on a panel at the Annual Meeting I was the only participant from the Caribbean throughout the entire event, so I feel compelled to share my experience as a Jamaican participating in this global gathering. Like many in the region, I often feel the Caribbean is being leap frogged by the rest of the world. I also think we miss opportunities to showcase our brilliance in areas where we have proven leadership and excellence. I believe events like Davos are important for us in the Caribbean to keep pace with the rest of the world. It's important that we find ourselves at the cusp of innovation and well positioned within ecosystems that influence our futures. The opinion makers gathered to discuss topics including artificial intelligence, robotics, smart cities, the future of energy, space travel, digital currency which encompasses bitcoin, the shared economy, big data and space travel. There was also a focus on the 'internet of things,' the potential multi trillion dollar industry being driven by the increase in connected devices in the world. Companies including Google, Intel and Cisco are investing billions to capitalize on the future potential of this emerging sector. What's most interesting about working to predict the future in a positive manner is the high level of forward thinking required to anticipate them problems that may arise and how to circumvent them. For many of us these topics may seem out of touch with our daily lives and to some extent they are. Much of this won't be realized for the next 5-15 years, but to bring this into the immediate just imagine that Google has never considered itself a search engine but instead an artificial intelligence company, and Siri on the iPhone operates on artificial intelligence as well. Honda just announced a self-driving car and numerous other companies are working on them, and rumor now has it that transportation giant Uber is scouting for a manufacturer for a fleet of 100,000 self-driving cars. The connected world is just as scary and as it is exciting, cars today are already being hacked, so self-driving cars will be vulnerable as well. The technological revolution will birth new industries and create trillions of dollars in economic value. Despite all the advances we have experienced in the last decade alone it is fair to say we barely scratched the surface. Technology is the great equalizer that threatens the power of dominant players across various sectors including governments. We are already seeing this play out and experts believe this is only the beginning. In the same breadth we must be mindful of the negative social, economic and environmental consequences. It may result in greater divides between people and poses major concerns about privacy, security and waste. Photo: Global Shapers private session with Justin Trudeau Conversations on the future impact of technology raise questions of a more socio-economic nature such as diversity and inclusion. In some instances Jamaica is already a stand out leader with so much to share with the world. For example, at Davos, Unilever CEO Paul Pohlman shared an interesting statistic; if women shared the same inclusive rights as men in terms of employment, health and social mobility, global GDP would rise by US$37 trillion. I also sat and listened to Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau call himself a feminist, which has gone viral globally. Jamaica is already a trailblazer in this space with numerous female CEOs and senior executives penetrating our work force. More developed nations struggle with this and we should work to take ownership of this and use it as an avenue to become apart of global leadership accessing the benefits and responsibilities that come. Jamaica has also successfully pulled off 2 debt exchanges and continues to employ austerity towards economic stability. This has required national buy in, with the potential for civil unrest. This has been no easy feat, even considering our size. With the tight economic conditions facing global economies, countries will have to find creative ways to manage debt and while no one should follow in our footsteps on the path that led us to where we were, we have much to share on our path to recovery. Our creative culture also offers the opportunity to become a hub for people in the creative industries. Jamaica could establish itself as a leading destination for creative minds to connect and collaborate. Considering our musical heritage, I've always imagined a future where musicians think of Jamaica as the holy grail, a place where they must visit and record a few songs to announce themselves to the world. A point of validity, in line with what Davos means to corporate leaders and government leaders. It's possible. I was honoured to be offered a seat at the table as 1 of 50 members of the Forum's 6000+ member Global Shapers Community. We're called the Davos 50, a group chosen by the Forum each year, a stand out minority, in a gathering, which for the most part was much older than us, but extremely excited to hear our views as we reflected the voices of young people around the world. For me it was a dream come true. When I was in high school I used to watch coverage of Davos on television with awe, wondering how on earth was a kid from Jamaica ever going to qualify to access such an amazing community, but low and behold here I was, in the company of giants. Photo: Leonardo DiCaprio accepts his Crystal Award from the World Economic Forum for his work in Climate Change Just about every global corporation you can think of is represented and anyone you can think of was present from Bill and Melinda Gates to Vice President Joe Biden and Al Gore, HP CEO, Meg Whitman; IMF Director Christine Lagarde; Credit Suisse CEO Tidjane Thiam; Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg; Former United Nations General Secretary Kofi Annan; Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu; UK Prime Minister David Cameron; Former UK Prime Minister Tony Blair; U2 front man Bono; Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg; Hamdi Ulukaya, CEO of Chobani; African American Billionaire Robert Smith; Alibaba Chairman Jack Ma; Microsoft's CEO Satya Nadella, Salesforce CEO Marc Beneioff. Kirk-Anthony Hamilton is an entrepreneur, investor and a World Economic Forum Global Shaper. He is the Founder of the Destination Experience and has been recognized as 1 of 75 Emerging Global Entrepreneurs by President Obama. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

18 марта, 13:00

Золотая жила: с чем Украина входит в новую технологическую эру

Привлечение инвесторов в сферу добычи и переработки редких металлов и редкоземельных элементов может озолотить страну

03 марта, 20:01

Beyond the Land of the Unicorns

By Elizabeth Boggs Davidsen and Charmian Love Elizabeth Boggs Davidsen is acting chief of the Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF)'s Access to Markets and Skills Unit, with expertise in corporate engagement, local development, social innovation, and youth employment. She also advises on partnerships for the MIF's grant and investment activities. When most people hear the word "unicorn," images of a majestic white horse with a glistening, magical horn spring to mind. However, in business jargon, unicorns refer to privately held startups with market valuations of more than $1 billion--think Uber, Snapchat, and Airbnb--which operate across a range of sectors and are united in using technology as the basis of their business model. Although these startups have ushered in smart phones, social media tools, and e-commerce retailing that have altered the business landscape, 2016 appears to be the year of the unicorn slayers. Numerous articles have chimed in on the trend, with witty titles like "Expect Some Unicorns to Lose Their Horns, and It Won't Be Pretty," "VCs have 'Dying Unicorn' lists, but they aren't sharing them," and "The impending Unicorn death march." It seems we are no longer willing to believe the mythologies that surround the unicorns. Smart investors want a real return on their capital: a return that can sustain itself over the rolling hills and into the trenches of follow-on funding that is needed to reach scale. But is it just unicorns that are at risk of extinction? Are other mythical beasts like the dragons--elusive deals that can pay off entire investment funds--next on the hit list? Could even the graceful gazelles - those fleet-footed businesses that grow by more than 20% a year for 4 years--be knocked down? Unicorns are under scrutiny essentially because they embody over-ambitious valuations. Perhaps the bigger problem is that they value the wrong things. Photo by Tomais Ashdene, Flickr Change is in the air. The New York Times recently reported that U.S. companies alone have $1.9 trillion in cash sitting on their balance sheets. That works out to the equivalent of 1,900 unicorns! Why are corporations hoarding this capital? Some argue that it's because they sense something big is coming--a deeply disruptive change in their industry, a revolution brewing in the markets. And they see the contours of this new economic landscape already being sketched out as nascent trends start to feel more real. These trends include the implications of a true price on carbon, the opportunities that will manifest with global access to Internet, and the potential benefits of digitally integrated health services. Are corporations holding cash so they are ready to invest and support the harbingers of a new order? Entrepreneur Peter Diamandis once said that the best way to make $1 billion in the 21st century is to solve a billion-person problem. Perhaps we need to reframe this quote slightly. Instead of chasing the elusive unicorns, maybe we should collectively--as investors, corporations, innovators, and policymakers--search for a different way to measure what actually matters, beyond an arbitrary valuation of $1 billion. We believe more and more investors should be asking would-be unicorns to articulate what kind of impact they want to have and what level of risk they are willing to accept. The aspirational businesses that will truly define the 21st century--what Klaus Schwab at the World Economic Forum in Davos this year called the 4th Industrial Revolution--will be organizations that apply ingenuity to solve the big problems facing our planet. They will be the businesses that unlock the creativity, empathy, and stewardship the world needs. And they will actively identify the metrics that can demonstrate the progress they are making in solving these problems. These are the organizations that should be feted and celebrated. They are those that: embrace the circular economy--such as Elvis & Kresse--which "upcycles" firehoses into luxury handbags and in so doing, has eliminated an entire waste stream in the United Kingdom work to achieve 100% literacy for women--such as Bridge International Academies--which provides high quality education to 80,000 children in Kenya create vaccines that prevent the spread of diseases, such as those under development for the Ebola virus The accomplishments of these businesses, innovators, and organizations are much more real and relevant than financial valuations. They affect lives. They make the world stronger. They make us all better. An important question remains: If the unicorns are dying, what will replace them? The hope is that we will see new, real, and much less mythical beasts emerge. And that they will set the pace for innovation and investment for decades to come. Charmian Love Charmian Love, who believes in the power of business as a force for good, is co-founder and non-executive director of change agency Volans, and co-chair of B Lab UK. She is developing a project focused on corporate venturing, called Corporate Impact X. She has an MBA from Harvard Business School. From the Multilateral Investment Fund Trends blog -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

27 февраля, 09:58

После человека: что несет миру четвертая промышленная революция?

Центральной темой Всемирного экономического форума в Давосе стали не такие, казалось бы, актуальные темы, как падение цен на нефть и замедление китайской экономики, а четвертая промышленная революция. Что принесет эта промышленная революция человечеству? Ключевые слова: четвертая промышленная революция, SKYNET, роботизация

12 февраля, 17:00

Мнения: Владимир Киреев: Коллективная национальная задача

Финишная прямая либеральной цивилизации подведена не ошибками во внешней политике мировых лидеров, не наплывом мигрантов из слаборазвитых регионов планеты, не ошибками в культурной политике. Нет, причина кроется в другом. Мы живем в переходное время, когда правила старого мира уже не действуют, а новые еще не стали очевидными. Такие моменты принято называть точками бифуркации.  Обвинять элиты, экспертов и просто обывателей в недальновидности не имеет смысла, потому что не очевидно, как будет устроен мир завтрашнего дня, и, соответственно, предлагать какие-то стратегические решения очень непросто. Человеческое мышление существует в рамках привычных ему категорий и смыслов, которые всегда складываются в результате предыдущего жизненного опыта. Сознанию необходимы ориентиры для существования, для того чтобы понимать, что вокруг происходит, и выстраивать свои действия как на личном, так и на групповом, общественном уровне. Для этого существуют идеологии: объяснения и сценарии коллективного действия они сводят в простую форму, обладающую способностью мобилизовать своих сторонников. Ключевую роль в построении индустриальной цивилизации последних двух столетий играли два близнеца-брата – либерализм и социализм, описывающие мир в одинаковых категориях, но сдвигающие шкалу интерпретации «больше свободы/меньше свободы», «больше плана/больше рынка», «больше социальной справедливости/больше личной ответственности» в зависимости от ситуации и момента. Это идеологии, существующие в рамках одной системы координат и пользующиеся одним понятийным языком. Еще лет 20 назад сторонники этих концепций готовы были убивать друг друга, а уже сегодня их спор воспринимается как Война Алой и Белой розы. Это не отрицает необходимость справедливости как личной, так и социальной и не делает множество личных наблюдений и выводов левой теории неверными и ошибочными, но в целом мир развивается не по левым сценариям, а глобальный левый проект умер намного раньше фактической смерти Советского Союза. Мы живем сейчас в мире победивших либеральных принципов, они управляют всеми глобальными процессами, действиями элит. В рамках либеральной парадигмы эксперты объясняют все глобальные процессы в человеческом обществе. Парадокс заключается в том, что, победив своих оппонентов, либерализм очутился в ситуации, когда правила игры меняются, либеральный проект реализован, и мы подходим к окончанию целой эпохи, когда он был актуален, а его принципы – действенными. Что строили либеральный и левый проект, соревнуясь друг с другом? Глобальную индустриальную цивилизацию, общий рынок, культурное пространство, лично свободного человека, способного перемещаться по планете в зависимости от желаний и возможности и строить жизнь по собственному сценарию. Финишная прямая либеральной цивилизации подведена не промахами мировых лидеров, не наплывом мигрантов из слаборазвитых регионов планеты или ошибками в культурной политике. Конец либерализма обусловлен концом технологической эпохи формирования индустриальной цивилизации. Те технологии, что ее двигали, достигли своего потолка и большего дать не способны. Для того, чтобы идти дальше, миру нужны новые технологии и принципы организации. Не выбивается из этой картины и рост влияния радикального ислама. Сегодня это фактически те же обезземеленные крестьяне, что и в Англии в 16–17-м веках, послужившие топливом для начала индустриальной эпохи. Исламисты –  это далеко не аналог большевиков или нацистов, это мировое луддитское движение, которое имеет, конечно, свой цивилизационный проект, но заключается он в том, чтобы грабить супермаркеты и ломать памятники. Понятно, что в немусульманской среде формируются движения на другой основе, но ничем не отличающиеся по организационным принципам и идеям: блатная субкультура, тоталитарные секты, постсоветские националисты. Все это явления одного порядка и природы. Это криминальная по сути идеология, для которой весь мир – супермаркет, его можно разграбить, а люди – жертвы, которых можно убить, мучить или, скажем, взять в сексуальное рабство. При этом статусом настоящего человека наделяется только член своей банды или союзной группировки. Неудивительно, что российские элиты не провозглашают идей, альтернативных западному либерализму – их пока просто нет. Новой идеологией может стать технологическая революция, провозглашенная Клаусом Швабом в Давосе, но как она будет выглядеть, мы можем пока только догадываться. Тем более Россия никак не является лидером по созданию и реализации на практике новых технологических принципов. В условиях разрастающейся мировой борьбы за формирование нового миропорядка основная задача у национальных элит России – поддержание внутренней стабильности. Для этого и провозглашаются Владимиром Путиным принципы патриотизма во внутренней и внешней политике. В общем-то, кажется, что патриотизм – не такая всеобъемлющая идеология, которая дает объяснение всему и предлагает сценарии для суперразвития, но, может быть, у нас сейчас и не стоит такая задача? Наша коллективная национальная задача сегодня – выжить в бушующем мире, не забивая себе голову жонглированием уже не работающими схемами и идеологиями. Все будет, но это будущее увидит тот, кто не утонет в разрушающем мировую систему супершторме. Теги:  общественное сознание, идеология, ценности Закладки:

08 февраля, 17:29

Глава ВЭФ предрек новую промышленную революцию

Мир находится в начале четвертой промышленной революции. Будущее уже началось, и правительства играют ключевую роль в его формировании, считает исполнительный директор Всемирного экономического форума Клаус Шваб.

08 февраля, 16:08

Глава Всемирного экономического форума предрек новую промышленную революцию

Основатель и исполнительный директор Всемирного экономического форума (ВЭФ) Клаус Шваб заявил, что мир находится на пороге четвертой промышленной революции, в которой ключевую роль будут играть правительства стран.

08 февраля, 14:36

The Next Big Thing: A Fifth Industrial Revolution

This article first appeared as an op-ed in my regular column in The Indian Express. The Swiss mountain town of Davos has gone quiet. About a fortnight ago, however, it was abuzz with talk of the fourth industrial revolution: Robots, 3D-printed human organs, driverless cars. Soon it will be time to turn to another global confab, to celebrate India's preparations to embrace the first industrial revolution; a Make in India extravaganza between February 13-18. In case you were wondering, the doyen of Davos, Klaus Schwab, in a recent piece in Foreign Affairs, explained the fourth industrial revolution as one that is "building on the third, the digital revolution that has been occurring since the middle of the last century. It is characterised by a fusion of technologies that is blurring the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres." In other words, this sounds like an inflection point from where one could be launched into staggeringly many directions. Fortunately, we can plan our personal revolutionary itinerary thanks to the World Economic Forum September 2015 report, "Deep Shift", which lines up the tipping points for key technologies in a most orderly way: Robots and automation (tipping point 2021); Internet of things, wearable Internet, 3D printing and manufacturing (tipping point 2022); supercomputers in our pockets (tipping point 2023); driverless cars (tipping point 2026). Betting on bitcoin? Sorry, you've got to wait it out till 2027. And if you are patient, there will be more technological fusion in the years to come: Nanotechnology, genomics, quantum computing, to name a few. Putting aside our natural fascination with the next big things, the entire reason for getting excited about these industrial revolutions is that, purportedly, they make us better off. Certainly, the first (1760-1850) had set the precedent with dramatic increases in the GDP per capita in the industrialising countries, a trend that continued with the second (1850-1910) based on more complex technologies, such as the internal combustion engine and electricity. However, it should be noted that the take-off of the industrialised world went hand-in-hand with a marked divide between the West and the rest: The first two industrial revolutions gave rise to the industrial haves and have-nots. Of course, we can look back and ask: Why were Britain and Europe the lucky ones? Why didn't the revolution begin or even spread elsewhere? There is, of course, no end of theories. Was it Calvinism that encouraged rationality, pragmatism and material gain that promoted industriousness and entrepreneurship? Did Europe get an irreproducible benefit from centuries of colonial plunder at the expense of the have-not societies? Was it "open science", the Renaissance, the decline of monarchy and inclusive governance? Was Jared Diamond right when he cited the advantage of geography, climate and natural resources? The real answer is probably a systemic one -- some combination of many factors. Regardless of the reasons for asymmetric development, the third revolution -- the one based on digital technologies -- was supposed to have been the redeemer of these past sins or systemic advantages; it was meant to be the first truly trickle-down revolution, if you will. Enthusiasts have talked excitedly about the benefits of the simple act of putting mobile phones in people's hands. Unfortunately, the third revolution is yet to deliver on its trickle-down promise. Our research on the state of the digital planet suggested that countries around the world are not only at very different stages of digital evolution, they are also moving at very different speeds. The World Bank's World Development Report (January) confirms these asymmetries with some sobering statistics: 4.4 billion people have never been online, almost two billion are untouched by digital technologies and 400 million live outside the mobile cellular signal range. Eighty per cent of India has not been online; a little over 70 per cent of Africans have never been online. Even where digital technologies have reached, the economics makes it unreachable. One GB of mobile data in Botswana costs more than twice that of Germany, while fixed-line broadband is 35 times as expensive in Indonesia as it is in Germany. The third industrial revolution may even have been a bit of a waste on the beneficiaries of the first two industrial revolutions. There are serious questions about how useful these technologies have been for increasing productivity in the industrialised world. According to economist Robert Gordon, the average growth of output per worker in the US was 2.3 per cent a year between 1891 and 1972, a rate matched only briefly between 1996 and 2004, before falling to 1.3 per cent between 2004 and 2012. Granted that not all benefits of digital technologies are captured by productivity statistics; yet, this data is quite damning. In contrast, in the have-not countries, the impact could look very different simply because digital technologies can help these nations play catch-up. In sum, while the historian Arnold Toynbee may have started popularising the idea of the industrial revolution back in the 19th century, these revolutions -- all three of them -- are not widely distributed even in the 21st century. My suggestion to our world's visionaries for the next Davos agenda: Let's put more innovative energy against getting industrial revolutions, one through three, and their spread to the next six billion. If countries, such as India, with a hundred times the population of 19th century Britain, can get to the first industrial revolution, through Make in India or some other form of catch-up, double its GDP per capita in a tenth of the time that it took Britain and, simultaneously, manage the burgeoning disasters of urban pollution, water shortages and chronic diseases en route -- that alone would be revolutionary. Rinse and repeat in other parts of the have-not world. Then we might have a fifth industrial revolution on our hands at a scale thousands of times that of the first. It might even eclipse the impact of the fourth that was all the rage at Davos this year. The writer is senior associate dean of international business & finance at The Fletcher School at Tufts University and the founding executive director of Fletcher's Institute for Business in the Global Context. He is author of 'The Slow Pace of Fast Change' - See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/world-economic-forum-davos-the-next-big-thing-2/#sthash.RyoZPksq.dpuf -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

03 июня, 10:24

Четвёртая технологическая революция

То, что происходит сейчас, рисует будущее полным как возможностей и перспектив, так и страхов потерять свою человеческую природу, а то и свою жизнь в итоге. Ни много, ни мало... Четвёртая технологическая революция (4ТР), как наиболее удобный способ бесструктурного управления человечеством, может полностью перевернуть наш мир. Как уже перевернули три предыдущих технологических революции 3ТР, 2ТР и 1ТР. С одной стороны они углубили рабство землян, переведя его в цифровую плоскость. Но с другой мир стал более прозрачным, и для каждого появилось больше возможностей узнать правду. Но риски от внедрения 4ТР могут быть настолько же велики, как и открывающиеся возможности. К чему нас готовят? И к чему стоит готовиться?

24 января, 00:00

Давос-2016: что в сухом остатке?

Одним из главных событий конца января стала 46-я сессия Всемирного экономического форума (ВЭФ), проходившая с 20 по 22 января в швейцарском Давосе. Основатель и бессменный руководитель Давосского форума швейцарский профессор Клаус Шваб только что издал свою книгу о «четвёртой промышленной революции» (The Fourth Industrial Revolution, by Klaus Schwab. World Economic Forum, 2016), название которой и послужило обозначением главной темы форума 2016 года: «Возглавляя...