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Коста-Рика
21 апреля, 22:00

«Эта страна может предложить туристам многое»: как живется в самых гостеприимных странах мира

В этих пяти странах наверняка окажут радушный прием и поддержку и проявят по отношению к ним дружелюбие. С целью выявления стран, в которых эмигранты смогут быстрее и легче всего приспособиться к жизни, международное сообщество InterNations недавно провело ежегодный опрос Expat Insider survey, в котором приняли участие более 14 тысяч эмигрантов из более чем 191 страны. Для этого жителей этих стран попросили оценить некоторые аспекты жизни за границей, например, легкость обустройства в стране, дружелюбие жителей и легкость установления контактов.

Выбор редакции
17 апреля, 10:15

Жас жұбайларды әуреге салған атышулы әуе компаниясы тағы да дауға қалды

Америкалық United Airlines әуекомпаниясы тағы да даудың ортасында қалды. Олар рейстен жас жұбайларды түсіріп тастаған деп хабарлайды korrespondent.net сайтына сілтеме жасап NUR.KZ. United Airlines тағы да дауға қалды. Фото: ABC7 Chicago Майкл Хол мен қалыңдығы Амбер Максвел Коста-Рика еліне үйлену тойларын атап өту үшін ұшпақшы болған. Жұбайлар ұшар алдында салондағы бос орындардың біріне ауысқан. Бірақ, жайлылық жағынан жақсы болғандықтан, ондағы орындардың бағасы қымбаттау болып шығады. Нәтижесінде әуекомпаниясы бір орыннан екіншісіне "секірген" жастарды рейстен қуып шығады. "Біз мұның үлкен маңызы бар екенін білмедік. Бірінші классқа секіру ойымызда болмады. Эконом-класстан бірнеше қатар алда орналасқан орынға отырдық",  - дейді Хола. Ал әуекомпаниясы бұл әрекетін аталған жолаушылардың "өздері ақысын төлемеген, қымбат орындарға бірнеше рет отырмақ болғанымен" түсіндірді. United Airlines жас жұбайлардың келесі рейспен ұшатынын айтқан. Естеріңізге салсақ,  United Airlines әуекомпаниясының капиталы жолаушы Дэвид Даоны ұшақ бортынан күшпен шығарған соң, 750 миллион долларға түсіп кеткен. Бұл жаңалықты Whatsapp арқылы немесе әлеуметтік желіде бөлісіңіз ⇓⇓⇓ Тағы оқыңыздар:  Шаңырақта бірінші сыныпқа қабылданған қазақ балаларының саны рекордтық деңгейге жетті (фото) Ақтауда 16 жастағы мектеп оқушысы "Маңғыстау аруы" атанды (фото) Пасха мерекесіне арнайы тәттілер әзірлеген Баянның қызын жұрт сөгіп тастады (фото) Ердоған 2029 жылға дейін Түркияны басқаруы мүмкін

Выбор редакции
16 апреля, 20:33

Quick Break from the Madness

Things are nutty ... Syria, North Korea, China, ISIS, Al Qaeda, Trump ... Need a quick mental vacation? Enjoy a few pics from my recent travels around Costa Rica ... Here's a teaser ... Here are the pics: Costa Rica: Wildlife Costa Rica: Scenery Costa Rica: Plant Life

15 апреля, 16:00

Многостаночники-отличники: кремы комплексного действия

Средства, которым бы позавидовала булгаковская Маргарита

14 апреля, 13:48

Trump’s ‘renewed confidence’ in the Freedom Caucus -- Rising W.H. stars: Stephen Miller, Gary Cohn -- ANNIE KARNI’S Bob Barnett profile -- SAMANTHA POWER to Harvard -- B’DAY: Nick Merrill

Listen to the Playbook Audio Briefing http://bit.ly/2obE6Ld ... Subscribe on iTunes http://apple.co/2eX6Eay ... Visit the online home of Playbook http://politi.co/2f51JnfHappy Friday. The Capital Weather Gang says we’re in for a generally beautiful next few days. http://wapo.st/2otzqkN DEEP SPLIT -- PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP, in an interview with the Wall Street Journal, said he believes he’ll get a deal on health-care reform and has a “renewed confidence” in the House Freedom Caucus, the conservatives who helped torpedo his first attempt to repeal and replace Obamacare. “They want to do the right thing and they do like me and they do like their president,” Trump told the Journal. http://on.wsj.com/2pgoTJR -- BUT … Indeed, people in and around the Freedom Caucus feel confident they can strike a deal with Trump. Other Republicans involved in the talks are not as confident, and say the two sides are no closer to a deal than when they left town for recess. The negotiations are still centered on Obamacare’s “Title I” provisions -- a list of baseline coverage requirements. After a handful of raucous town halls this recess, any uptick in Freedom Caucus votes could be matched by moderates abandoning the bill. THE BOTTOM LINE: Whether Freedom Caucus members like Trump -- some do, some don’t -- has little bearing on whether they’ll be able to cut a deal. Lots of people liked John Boehner -- until they didn’t. This is a numbers game. ONE WASHINGTON WISE MAN suggested to us that Trump stop negotiating and tell the Freedom Caucus to craft a deal that could pass the House.SOME IMPORTANT foreign policy stories out this morning:-- “N. Korean official: U.S. more vicious, aggressive under Trump,” by AP’s Eric Talmadge in Pyongyang, North Korea: “North Korea’s vice foreign minister on Friday blamed President Donald Trump for escalating tensions on the Korean Peninsula through his tweets and expansion of military exercises, saying the U.S. was becoming ‘more vicious and more aggressive’ under his leadership than it had been under President Barack Obama. In an exclusive interview with The Associated Press in Pyongyang, Vice Minister Han Song Ryol also warned the U.S. against provoking North Korea militarily. ‘We will go to war if they choose,’ he said.” http://apne.ws/2pAcb87-- SOMETHING TO WATCH: Escalating tensions between Trump and North Korea come as Vice President Mike Pence heads to South Korea this weekend for a 10-day trip in the Asia-Pacific region. -- “China is suddenly leaning on North Korea -- and it might be thanks to Trump,” by John Pomfret in WaPo: “North Korea will celebrate the 105th anniversary of the birth of its founder, Kim Il Sung, on Saturday, and some type of military show of force is expected. In an editorial in the semi-official Global Times on Wednesday, Pyongyang was put on notice that it must rein in its nuclear ambitions, or else China’s oil shipments to North Korea could be ‘severely limited.’ It is extraordinary for China to make this kind of threat. For more than a decade, as part of its strategy to prop up one of its only allies, China refused to allow the U.N. Security Council to even consider cutting oil shipments to North Korea. Beijing’s calculus was that the maintenance of the North Korean regime took precedence over everything. Now Beijing seems to be reconsidering its position.” http://wapo.st/2osK3UN -- “Trump Said No to Troops in Syria. His Aides Aren’t So Sure,” by Bloomberg’s Eli Lake: “Senior White House and administration officials tell me Trump’s national security adviser, General H.R. McMaster, has been quietly pressing his colleagues to question the underlying assumptions of a draft war plan against the Islamic State that would maintain only a light U.S. ground troop presence in Syria. McMaster’s critics inside the administration say he wants to send tens of thousands of ground troops to the Euphrates River Valley. His supporters insist he is only trying to facilitate a better interagency process to develop Trump’s new strategy to defeat the self-described caliphate that controls territory in Iraq and Syria.” https://bloom.bg/2oeB4VMA GOOD DETAIL from NYT’s Peter Baker in an A1’er on PRESIDENT TRUMP’s shifting positions: “Mr. Trump sometimes cloaks his evolving positions by declaring victory before retreating. For instance, he had criticized NATO for not fighting terrorism and leaving the financial burden to the United States. As he met with NATO’s secretary general on Wednesday, Mr. Trump asserted that the alliance had changed. … “But the alliance has hardly changed in three months. Just three more members out of 28 have committed to raise military spending to target levels by next year, and the only shift in NATO’s approach to terrorism was to create a new intelligence office before Mr. Trump’s inauguration.” http://nyti.ms/2oGxwPJ PRESIDENT TRUMP is at Mar-a-Lago with no public events scheduled. VP PENCE also has no public events scheduled for the fourth straight day. WHITE HOUSE AIDES RISING -- JOSH DAWSEY and ELIANA JOHNSON answer the question that’s been hanging out there since Steve Bannon’s downfall -- Where in the world is Stephen Miller?: “Trump’s got a new favorite Steve”: “President Donald Trump once affectionately called them ‘my two Steves,’ a reference not only to their ideological kinship but to their central role in his administration. But while Steve Bannon is on the ropes in Trump’s fractious White House, Stephen Miller has managed to endear himself to the man emerging as the president’s most indispensable adviser: son-in-law Jared Kushner. “As the relationship between Kushner and Bannon has deteriorated, Miller has made sure his colleagues know he’s not on Bannon’s team. In interviews, seven White House officials described the emerging dynamics. The 31-year old speechwriter is now working closely with Kushner’s Office of American Innovation, as well as on family leave, childcare and women’s issues with Kushner’s wife Ivanka Trump, according to several people involved.” http://politi.co/2oG2qYD-- WAPO’S DAMIAN PALETTA on GARY COHN: “Within Trump’s inner circle, a moderate voice captures the president’s ear”: “In a White House short on experienced personnel, Cohn has found an edge by hiring two dozen policy experts, most with government experience. His team produced detailed proposals on overhauling the tax code, rebuilding infrastructure, cutting back financial regulations and restructuring international trade deals. He is widely considered a future candidate to be chief of staff. … “While friends say he loves his new job, they say Cohn also holds the traditions of Washington in low regard. At a recent dinner with friends in New York, he called Washington a ‘s---show,’ according to a person familiar with the exchange.“Cohn has not tried to shirk his past at Goldman Sachs or hide his lavish lifestyle. He recently had drinks at the Four Seasons with Goldman Sachs chief executive Lloyd Blankfein, and shortly after the failure of the House GOP health-care legislation, he went on vacation in the Bahamas.” http://wapo.st/2p2v6Mt THE MILLION-DOLLAR QUESTION -- “If Trump Fired Bannon, Would He Seek Revenge?” by Ben Schreckinger: http://politi.co/2obCelmPOMPEO COMING OUT HOT -- “Pompeo mocks microwave surveillance claims,” by Nolan McCaskill: “CIA Director Mike Pompeo on Thursday mocked those who fear intelligence officials conduct surveillance through microwaves, saying the agency tries to ignore such claims. While White House counselor Kellyanne Conway suffered blowback last month when she suggested microwaves could be deployed as surveillance devices, the CIA said later Thursday that Pompeo was not directly referencing Conway's controversial comments.” http://politi.co/2nLJlVE -- “CIA director labels WikiLeaks a ‘hostile intelligence service’,” by Martin Matishak. http://politi.co/2oy6j1b BOB BARNETT PROFILE -- “Can Washington’s Original Dealmaker Survive Trump?” by Annie Karni: “The churn between presidential administrations is typically the sweet spot for Bob Barnett, the Washington superlawyer who likes to describe himself as the ‘doorman to the revolving door.’ Outgoing White House officials, from the president on down, are ready to cash in with book deals, sign with speaker bureaus, become paid contributors on cable networks and negotiate potential corporate board and employment opportunities. And Barnett—famous for charging his $1,250 hourly rate, rather than the 10 to 15 percent commission that literary and talent agents typically take off the top -- has been Washington D.C.’s go-to dealmaker for this kind of work for four decades. …“But the Obama and Clinton book deals are being viewed by people in the publishing and agenting business as potentially something of a Barnett swan song. His old-school tactics—a multimillion-dollar book deal for an outgoing government official, coupled with a launch on ‘60 Minutes’ or one of the Sunday shows -- seem out of sync in the age of Trump, a former reality show star who reverse-engineered his presidency by starting with the lucrative book, the branding and the television deals and then worked his way into the Oval Office.” http://politi.co/2oGbm02THE JUICE … -- SHELDON AND MIRIAM ADELSON gave Sen. Ted Cruz’s victory committee $10,400 each, according to a campaign finance report released yesterday. -- TOM DONILON resigned from Delta’s board “due to other commitments,” according to an SEC filing earlier this week. “Mr. Donilon has not advised Delta of any disagreement with Delta on any matter relating to Delta’s operations, policies or practices.”-- SAMANTHA POWER, who most recently served as the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, has been named to a joint faculty appointment as the Anna Lindh Professor of the Practice of Global Leadership and Public Policy at Harvard Kennedy School and Professor of Practice at Harvard Law School. For the upcoming academic year, she will also be a Fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study.-- THE HOLLYWOOD REPORTER’S New York media party. http://bit.ly/2oGszqd ... Slideshow with 78 photos http://bit.ly/2oGszqdPAGING JEFF SESSIONS -- “Rift opens between the Brown administration and legislators over new marijuana laws in California,” by L.A. Times’ Patrick McGreevy: “A proposal by the Brown administration to revise marijuana laws in California is drawing backlash from lawmakers and police chiefs who say it would repeal rules approved by the Legislature two years ago and benefit the pot industry over the public. Gov. Jerry Brown wants to merge medical marijuana regulations approved by the Legislature in 2015 with standards set by Proposition 64, an initiative approved in November by California voters that legalizes the sale of cannabis for recreational use.” http://lat.ms/2obHDZICOMMONWEALTH WATCH -- “How Donald Trump Blew Up the Virginia Governor’s Race: The Democratic primary was teed up for Ralph Northam, then he got a surprise opponent who wants to make it a referendum on the soul of the party,” by Kevin Robillard in his Politico Magazine debut, filing from Fairfax, Virginia: “On the campaign trail [Tom Perriello has sounded] like he was running against Trump, frequently calling his GOP presidential campaign ‘viciously racist’ and pledging to make Virginia a ‘firewall’ against Trump. “Perriello’s attacks, combined with a bank of goodwill with the former Obama administration, turned the one-term legislator into the darling of the D.C. establishment and earned him profiles in the Huffington Post, Yahoo!, and FiveThirtyEight. He has received the endorsement of seemingly the entire Obama-era White House staff, including Dan Pfeiffer, Neera Tanden, David Plouffe and John Podesta, who says Perriello is offering a ‘blueprint’ for the future of the party. Last week, he got the backing of the father of the populist progressive moment in Democratic politics: Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders.” http://politi.co/2pdO3eS WHAT JAMIE DIMON IS READING -- “J.P. Morgan, Citi Score Big Gains, but Shareholders Want More,” by WSJ’s Peter Rudegeair, Telis Demos and Emily Glazer: “Some of the nation’s largest banks warned Thursday that the benefits investors anticipated from rising interest rates and the election of Donald Trump as president aren’t panning out quite as quickly as many had hoped. … While bank stocks surged in the wake of Mr. Trump’s surprise election victory, they have slipped the past month as investors grow more doubtful about whether broad measures like lending growth and profitability will catch up with loftier valuations.” http://on.wsj.com/2pAcwriHMM … “Trump’s Lawyer Can’t Account For $350,000 He Was Accused Of Mishandling: In 1999, Michael Cohen, now the president’s personal lawyer, cashed a $350,000 check from an NHL hockey player. He was supposed to give the money to a woman in South Florida. He didn’t, and says he doesn’t remember anything about it. To this day, the money is missing,” by BuzzFeed’s Anthony Cormier. http://bzfd.it/2oxPlAg BEYOND THE BELTWAY -- “Sexual Abuse at Choate Went On for Decades, School Acknowledges,” by NYT’s Elizabeth A. Harris: “Choate Rosemary Hall, the elite Connecticut boarding school, said on Thursday that at least 12 former teachers had sexually molested -- and, in at least one case, raped -- students in a pattern of abuse dating to the 1960s. ... The parents of a Choate student complained to the school in the early 1980s after their daughter contracted herpes from an English teacher. And in another case, the report describes a student’s rape on a school trip to Costa Rica. None of the teachers’ actions were reported to the police. In some cases, teachers were allowed to resign after being confronted with evidence of misconduct, and administrators wrote letters of recommendations for teachers who were fired. Choate, in Wallingford, Conn., is a blue-blooded school whose alumni include President John F. Kennedy and his brother Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.” http://nyti.ms/2osU18R --FLASHBACK: Boston Globe spotlight team, May 6, 2016, “Private schools, painful secrets: More than 200 victims. At least 90 legal claims. At least 67 private schools in New England. This is the story of hundreds of students sexually abused by staffers, and emerging from decades of silence today.” http://bit.ly/2pApN37 REMEMBERING DAN ROONEY -- Pittsburgh Post-Gazette’s Ed Bouchette: “Dan Rooney, who succeeded his father and Steelers founder, Art Sr., as team president and rose to become one of the most powerful and beloved owners in sports, died Thursday at the age of 84. Born Daniel Milton Rooney, he was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2000, making the Rooneys only the second father-son combination to be enshrined. Under his leadership since the late 1960s, the Steelers transformed from lovable losers into a Super Bowl dynasty in the 1970s and remain among the most successful and popular franchises in the game. ... He fought to give more opportunities for minority coaches to ascend in the NFL, an effort that prompted the adoption of what is known as the Rooney Rule, which requires teams to interview at least one minority coach in the process of hiring a head coach.” http://bit.ly/2oeC5NzSPOTTED: Mark McKinnon in Mansfield, Texas, Thursday for Rep. Joe Barton’s town hall with his show “The Circus.” … Former President of the World Bank and Deputy Secretary of Defense in the Bush administration, Paul Wolfowitz yesterday getting out of a cab heading into the Reagan Building -- pic http://politi.co/2oGi9a0 ... Evan McMullin on foot, crossing 14th on G Street, NW, mere blocks from the White House. “So close, yet so far...” ... Former Defense Secretary Ash Carter, on the NYC-to-DC Acela in business class, with a protection detail.SPOTTED last night at the MPAA for Carol Melton’s screening of HBO’s “Veep” in advance of Sunday’s debut of its sixth season (trailer: http://bit.ly/2pAI6F4): Tammy Haddad, Tim McBride, Dorothy Kosinski, Cathy Merrill Williams, Rita Braver and Bob Barnett, Didem Nisanci and Bruce Andrews, Bobby Haft, Lisa Barclay, Steve Clemons, Virginia Coyne, Todd Harris and Ieva Augstums, Annie Linskey, Garance Franke-Ruta, Doug Heye, Ryan Williams, Jonathan Capehart and Nick Schmit, Shelby Coffey, Jeffrey Herbst, David Chalian, Ruth Marcus, Jeremy Peters, Betsy Fischer Martin, Gail MacKinnon, Kelley McCormick, Robin Goldman and Kevin Cirilli SUNDAY SO FAR – NBC’s “Meet the Press”: Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly … Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) … Sen. Jack Reed (D-R.I.) … Religion roundtable: Pastor JoAnn Hummel … Bishop T.D. Jakes … Rabbi David Saperstein. Panel: Mark Leibovich, Heather McGhee, Andrea Mitchell, former Sen. John Sununu (R-N.H.)--CBS’ “Face the Nation”: David McCullough. Religion panel: Rod Dreher, Russell Moore, Abigail Pogrebin, Father James Martin ... Political panel: David Ignatius, Amity Shlaes, David Nakamura, Jamelle Bouie ... A discussion on chiefs of staff and the presidency: Ken Duberstein, Denis McDonough, Chris Whipple--“Fox News Sunday”: Power Player: opera singer Renee Fleming. Panel: Michael Needham, Bob Woodward, Jennifer Griffin, Gillian Turner--CNN’s “State of the Union”: Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.). Panel: Bakari Sellers, Rep. Mia Love (R-Utah), Jason Kander, Bill Kristol--CNN’s “Inside Politics,” hosted by John King: Julie Pace, Jonathan Martin, Abby Phillip, Manu Raju WELCOME TO THE WORLD – Nick Yaeger, managing director at POLITICO Focus, and Mandy Yaeger have welcomed Luke Michael Yaeger and Hayley Rose Yaeger. They join big brother Hunter (3) and Ella (6). Pic http://bit.ly/2pe3weKBIRTHWEEK (was yesterday): CNN’s Kyle Blaine (hat tip @KFile) ... CNN’s Nathaniel Meyersohn turned 24 ... (was Tuesday): Meredith LeBlond FriedmanBIRTHDAY OF THE DAY: Carly Zakin, co-founder and co-CEO of theSkimm – how she’s celebrating: “I am the queen of last minute trips. So planning on going to a currently undecided beach. Next year, I will be better at planning things.” Read her Playbook Plus Q&A: http://politi.co/2pAn75z BIRTHDAYS: Nick Merrill … Garrett Haake, an NBC and WUSA alum, is 32, celebrating by getting married to Sara Murray in a week in Austin -- he starts as a Washington correspondent at MSNBC the day after his honeymoon (h/t Ryan Williams) … Joe Rospars, founder and CEO at Blue State Digital and Obama for America alum ... Steve Glickman, co-founder and executive director at Economic Innovation Group and Obama alum (h/ts Jon Haber) ... Betsy Stewart, VP at Business Roundtable and a Boehner alum … Sasha Issenberg, who writes for Monocle and Bloomberg Politics and is a sushi guru and the pride of Larchmont, N.Y., is 37 ... Politico rising star Megan Swiatkowski (h/t POLITICO comms team) ... Politico’s Ashley Gold ... CRC Public Relations SVP Keith Appell, a long-suffering Mets fan ... Robert M. “Mike” Duncan, former RNC chair and president and CEO of the American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity … best darned pollster in New Hampshire Rich Killion … AP’s Eileen Sullivan … Anna Van Meter ... Yahoo News’ Kaye Foley ... WaPo’s Matt Zapotosky … Amy Brundage, SVP of SKDKnickerbocker ... Adam Hodge, VP at SKDKnickerbocker, is 35 (h/ts Kelley McCormick) ... Treasury alum Stephanie Ma, now an MA student at SAIS … Ellie Wallace … Adam Levine, managing editor of CNN’s Washington Bureau ... Results for America co-founder and COO David Medina ... CNN video producer Brenna Williams, celebrating by working for the digital team on First Street before heading off to a date at Fiola Mare with boyfriend Jake Wilkins (h/t Jake) ... Noha Georges, chief marketing officer at Deloitte Advisory...... Neil Sroka, comms. director at Democracy for America … Rep. David Valadao (R-Calif.) is 4-0 ... Shola Farber, co-founder of Tuesday Strategies, which works to increase millennial voter turnout and civic engagement ... media executive Shari Redstone is 63 ... Baltimore-born film, television and theatre producer (and uncle of Irene Sherman) Marc Platt is 6-0 (h/ts Jewish Insider) ... Mark Bryant ... Elizabeth Gore … Caleb Jones … Jorge Castro, founder and principal of Castro Strategies LLC and an IRS and Jay Rockefeller alum ... Bloomberg’s Emma Angerer ... Liz Fossett … Elizabeth A. Terrell, senior consultant at Deloitte Digital in Sydney … John Gauthier of Davis Polk ... Ashok Pinto ... political junkie Stephen Groves ... New Hampshire’s third senator, Joel Maiola, senior advisor at McLane GPS and a Judd Gregg alum … Anne Eisenhower … Facebook’s Dipayan Ghosh, an Obama WH alum, is 29 ... CNBC’s Thomas Anderson … Jeff Schogol of Marine Corps Times … Ray McAllister … Mark Bryant ... Laura Keehner Rigas ... Christopher Lupke ... Frederick Eaton ... Ashley Blayne Candy ... Daniel Freedman ... David Humphreville, the host of the fabulous yearly Christmas shopping party in NYC ... Suzy Hemauer (h/ts Teresa Vilmain) ... Blake Androff, executive director of the House DPCC (h/t Legistorm) … Pete Rose is 76 ... Brad Garrett is 57 ... Adrien Brody is 44 ... Sarah Michelle Gellar is 4-0 ... Abigail Breslin is 21 (h/ts AP)

11 апреля, 22:14

Found In Cuba: The American Dream (And Nightmare)

Putting Trump in Perspective by Going Offshore Cross-posted with TomDispatch.com I’ll tell you up front that my personal vehicle has crowns of rust on the rear wheel wells and an interior that smells vaguely of dog puke. It’s a 2006 Mazda3 with 150,244 miles on it and it gets me around my modest world well enough, but I sure never considered it the stuff of headlines ― until I went to Cuba, an experience that tuned up my feelings about several American phenomena. I’d booked the trip because I wanted to get out of this American time. Cuba seemed like a prime destination for escape: a nearby yet isolated island where the culture had developed without... well, us. But after United Flight 1502 had touched down in an airfield where lush green hangs over the encircling chain-link, and a rusted sedan dropped my husband Fletcher and me in trash-strewn central Havana, I began to understand that Cuba isn’t so much a great place to get lost in, as a place to get found in. “Why are rich countries rich?” Alexander asked us, from the front seat of his 1955 Easter-egg-pink Ford Fairlane. He glanced our way in the rearview mirror, beneath which a huge yellow TAXI sign rested on the glossy pink dash.  His tone tipped us off that his query was rhetorical, so we waited patiently for the answer. “They suck something from somewhere else,” he said. “And that’s why Cuba is poor. We never suck nothing from no one.” What little we knew about Cuban history confirmed this, so Fletcher and I nodded. Alexander wondered aloud about the U.S. embargo ― el bloqueo, as it’s called here. How could Washington still be afraid of Cuba? He gestured at the scenery, mostly vegetation punctuated by the occasional lone roadside vendor selling ropes of garlic or handfuls of potatoes. “We have nothing here,” he said. “You know what the Cuban dream is?” he continued. “To own a car.” We hadn’t, in fact, known this. And while Alexander himself was apparently doing well by this metric, most of his country is not. Cuba is famous for its antique American cars, a favorite attraction for tourists. But to Cubans, those ancient vehicles ― whose only original parts are their steel bodies, welded together and repainted untold numbers of times ― are just evidence of their island’s pervasive scarcity. There certainly aren’t enough cars, or buses, or motorcycles, or motor scooters, for all the people who want them. This was a fact with which I became personally acquainted on my second day in the country when Fletcher and I tried to buy bus tickets out of the capital city.  Everything, we’d discovered, was booked. Everything! And the bus stations were mobbed with people trying to get their hands on tickets. “You know what the Cuban dream is?” he continued. “To own a car.” I was learning that Cuba is a lot more complicated than it appears from the north side of the Straits of Florida. In the U.S., we generally only talk about Cuba since 1959, when Fidel Castro came to power, publicly renounced U.S. imperialism, declared his communist intentions, and cozied up with the Soviet Union. Washington responded first with the embargo, now more than half-a-century old, and later with several attempts to topple or simply assassinate Castro. No dice on unseating or killing el líder (despite the CIA’s poisoned cigars and exploding seashells), but the embargo, which prohibited trade with Cuba and made it illegal for Americans to visit ― and which surely hurts innocent Cubans far more than any government official ― has stuck. In 2016, President Obama relaxed some of its rules so that Americans can now legally visit, subject to certain limitations; our new president could rescind that freedom on a whim. But there’s another part of the Cuban story, the part where American corporations expeditiously capitalized on the destruction left behind by Cuba’s long war for independence from Spain, buying up land and taking over much of the island’s lucrative sugar industry at the turn of the twentieth century. The United Fruit Company, more famous for inflicting lasting damage in Central and South America than in the Caribbean, ran a titanic sugar operation in Cuba, and did the same thing there as in other Latin American countries: it extracted wealth and funneled it to American bank accounts. When Castro came on the scene with plans to overthrow U.S.-backed dictator Fulgencio Batista, he was successful in part because that grim history of American exploitation helped make his revolution popular. In the U.S., we generally omit this part of the story. And once you’ve glimpsed that fuller picture, it sure seems like Castro had justice on his side when he emerged victorious on New Year’s Day 1959, although things soon grew complicated for the Cuban people. It’s true that Castro would orchestrate certain genuine social achievements like a national health care system and near universal literacy, but he also set about executing his political opponents and closing down radio and television stations that weren’t controlled by the state. Over the ensuing decades, large numbers of people were imprisoned for political crimes, and others starved for lack of basic foodstuffs under the communist regime. Things got especially tricky when the Soviet Union, a crucial trade partner for the little country (given the U.S. embargo) imploded. Millions of Cubans fled to the U.S. and elsewhere. Like so many other struggles in human history, what had begun as an uprising against an oppressor became a new form of oppression. And despite its embargo and its past acts, the United States, the former oppressor, became, for many Cubans, a sort of savior. In the backseat of Alexander’s 1955 Ford, we toured the Bay of Pigs, the very spot where thousands of CIA-trained Cuban exiles landed under the cover of darkness in 1961 with doomed hopes of overthrowing Castro, and where American B-26 bombers (slyly repainted to look like Cuban air force planes) flew overhead on orders from officials in Washington who hoped for the installation of a pro-U.S. government. Washington wasn’t motivated by a desire to help the Cuban people, naturally, but rather to refashion this Caribbean island into the American toy that it had for so long been. Today, around that same bay, there’s a string of quiet beach towns where you can buy fruit from a horse-drawn cart ― not because horse-drawn carts are quaint and charming, but because the fruit vendor couldn’t get his hands on a car. Two Cars in Dallas Cubans don’t chat about the matter casually, but there were 7,900 reports of arbitrary detention of Cuban citizens by their government in just eight months in 2016, according to Human Rights Watch. Those detained are regularly accused of “counter-revolutionary,” or anti-government, activities. It’s common practice for detainees to be beaten and held for days without access to a phone or other means of communication. At the same time, the government maintains control of all sanctioned media outlets and blocks access to nearly all others, so information is scarce. Independent journalists are routinely jailed. As it turns out, just a few days before I landed in Cuba a journalist was arrested while en route to Havana, where he planned to cover a ceremony in which political dissidents would present an award to an Uruguayan diplomat who had spoken out against the Cuban government. The journalist, who had previously co-founded a magazine that’s critical of living conditions in Cuba, was charged with “fomenting enemy propaganda.” He never made it to Havana to cover the ceremony, but that didn’t really matter, because the Uruguayan diplomat was denied a visa to enter the country, and the whole thing had to be canceled. I was still only becoming acquainted with such facts when I met Cedro, who gave Fletcher and me a brief walking tour of sewage-scented central Havana.  We quickly began to chat and soon our conversation strayed into his personal life, including the fact that both his children had left Cuba in search of opportunity elsewhere. His older son had gone to Costa Rica and then traveled north until finally crossing the U.S. border. Now, the son and his wife live in Dallas, where they own two cars. Cedro emphasized the part about the cars. So they were finally living the Cuban dream ― in north Texas. There were 7,900 reports of arbitrary detention of Cuban citizens by their government in just eight months in 2016... Cedro was a lot more delicate when it came to discussing Cuban politics. Dancing around my questions about life here, he finally shook his head and said, “One president all these years? One person can’t do it. And here, the president also controls the army.” He pantomimed getting shot. One afternoon in Havana, while I was walking along a promenade that stretched from the capital to the coast, I passed a group of police with two muzzled German shepherds. Milking my foreign innocence, I went up to them and asked, “What are the dogs for?” I figured they might not be too forthcoming, so I offered a possible answer: “Drugs?” One of the officers, a woman, nodded. Then an officer by her side made a gesture I’d already seen several times: the right hand closing over the left wrist. I wasn’t sure quite what it meant in this context, but it didn’t seem impossible that it was the fate of nosy foreigners, so I nodded, smiled, and continued on my way. In Plaza Vieja, in Havana’s most touristy neighborhood, I met a kid named Alex who works as a bow-tied waiter at an open-air cafe. We first spoke in Spanish, but when I faltered he switched to flawless English, explaining that he’d taught himself the language by watching old American movies. A self-starter, you could call him. He told me that he has family in Nevada, but when I asked if he was considering emigrating, he shook his head ruefully. He has to keep working to support his family here, he said. But if he could, he went on, he would head for the U.S. and go to college. Brief though my trip was, I met many Cubans like Alex. And each of their stories was a reminder of the pull of the superpower to the north, whose economy is still a magnet for the rest of the planet. Despite deplorable American politics, past and present, the U.S. still glowed with the promise of something better. Hitting the Road in a Mazda3 From the Bay of Pigs, we took a shared taxi through Cienfuegos, a city in central Cuba, and then south toward the coast again, speeding through Jurassic Park-like terrain in a 1948 DeSoto as the wind blew my hair. We hiked a damp forest in a mountainous region and spotted a Prairie Warbler, a yellow songbird that migrates thousands of miles to nest in the northeastern U.S., often in trees outside my home. When only a day remained before our flight back to the States, we climbed into another shared taxi, a 1990 Peugeot, in which Fletcher rode shotgun and I sat in the narrow backseat with a French couple. On our way to Havana, we soon got to chatting with the driver, Jimeno (also not his real name), who looked to be in his early thirties. This was not, he told us, his car. Rather, he works for a company that pays him peanuts to spend 14 hours a day shuttling tourists between the coast and the capital city. For a while, we drove on in silence. Then he said something I hadn’t heard from anyone else. Perhaps, he commented, sometime after 85-year-old Raúl Castro, the country’s president, passes away, there will be an actual election in Cuba. “Do you think that will happen in your lifetime?” I asked. “Don’t know,” he said. Since Fidel’s reign began 58 years ago, the Cuban people have not had a meaningful say in their country’s future. Over the same period, the U.S. has elected 12 different presidents. I had come here because I wanted to escape the newest of those presidents and this fearful time in the United States. In choosing Cuba, I had exercised a small, touristic freedom that we may soon lose, depending on how our new leader uses his considerable, though not limitless, power. But I had escaped nothing, it turned out, in part because in our present world of intricate and intricately connected troubles, a world in which vast population transfers are becoming commonplace and in which literally millions of people are crossing borders in varying states of desperation, it’s an illusion to think that anywhere could be an escape. Instead of leaving my country behind, I spent two weeks in Cuba rediscovering it. I grew intimately familiar with some of the worst of our history, which so many of us are quick to ignore or elide, but also with some of the best parts of our national identity. For all our screw-ups, and even as we continue to create disasters around the world and deny our responsibility for them, we’re still a place of possibility. It turns out that even my rusty Mazda is evidence of that. And here was the secret prize in my box of Cuban crackerjacks: our new leader and his benighted crew in Washington suddenly looked so much smaller, shrunk to the size of a half-forgotten island, shrunk to the size of a single episode in an endless history. I had glimpsed some of what’s bad about my own country, but also what remains hopeful, and both are far bigger than Donald Trump and will surely persist long after he’s but an unsavory page in history. More importantly, each of us here in the U.S. has a small yet crucial role to play in what happens next. It’s something I think about every time I put the key in my Mazda3 and hit the road. Mattea Kramer, a TomDispatch regular, writes cultural commentary. Follow her on Twitter. Follow TomDispatch on Twitter and join us on Facebook. Check out the newest Dispatch Book, John Dower’s The Violent American Century: War and Terror Since World War II, as well as John Feffer’s dystopian novel Splinterlands, Nick Turse’s Next Time They’ll Come to Count the Dead, and Tom Engelhardt’s Shadow Government: Surveillance, Secret Wars, and a Global Security State in a Single-Superpower World. type=type=RelatedArticlesblockTitle=Related... + articlesList=5839cfebe4b0a79f7433b6b1,583de476e4b048862d73fbd0,583ba640e4b09b605601061d -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

11 апреля, 21:14

Кто разбросал мячи богов?

В 40-х годах ХХ века в тропических зарослях Коста-Рики было сделано интересное открытие. Рабочие United Fruit Company, вырубавшие густые заросли тропических джунглей под банановые плантации, неожиданно наткнулись на гигантские каменные изваяния правильной шаровидной формы.Самые большие достигали трёх метров в диаметре и весили около 16 тонн. А самые маленькие были не больше детского мячика, имея всего десять сантиметров в поперечнике. Шары располагались поодиночке и группами от трёх до полусотни штук, иногда образуя геометрические фигуры.В 1967 году один инженер и любитель истории и археологии, работавший в Мексике на серебряных рудниках, сообщил американским учёным, что обнаружил в шахтах такие же шары, но намного более крупных размеров.Спустя некоторое время на плато Аква-Бланка вблизи посёлка Гвадалахара (Гватемала) на высоте 2000 м над уровнем моря археологическая экспедиция нашла ещё сотни каменных шаров.Подобные каменные шары были также найдены близ города Аулалуко (Мексика), в Палма-Сур (Коста-Рика), Лос-Аламосе и штате Нью-Мексико (США), на побережье Новой Зеландии, в Египте, Румынии, Германии, Бразилии, Кашкадарьинской обл. Казахстана и на Земле Франца Иосифа.С лёгкой руки Эриха фон Дэникена шары окрестили «мячами, в которые играли боги».Кликабельно 3000 рхИх появление некоторые геологи приписывали вулканической деятельности. Шар идеальной формы может образоваться, если кристаллизация вулканической магмы происходит равномерно во все стороны.По словам ведущего научного сотрудника Центрального научно-исследовательского института геологии редкоземельных и цветных металлов кандидата геолого-минералогических наук Елены Матвеевой, шары могли выйти на поверхность в результате, так называемой, эксофолизации — выветривания, работающего в районах с большими суточными перепадами. Там же, где температура более стабильная, находят похожие шарики, но уже под землёй.Однако, как бы убедительно ни звучали эти предположения, окончательной разгадки феномена по сей день нет. Прежде всего, они не способны объяснить возникновение гранитных шаров.Кроме того, не могли же древние вулканы правильно расположить в виде фигур множество шаров, имеющих, к тому же, следы шлифовки! И хотя существенная часть таких шаров, похоже, действительно имеет сугубо естественное происхождение, некоторые экземпляры, например шары Коста-Рики, никак не вписываются в рамки этой теории, поскольку имеют явные следы выравнивания и шлифовки. Сейчас в Коста-Рике найдено уже более 300 каменных сфер.Первое научное исследование шаров было предпринято Дорис Стоун непосредственно при их открытии рабочими United Fruit Company. Результаты её исследования были изданы в 1943 в «American Antiquity», ведущем академическом журнале по археологии в Соединённых Штатах.Сэмюэль Лотроп, штатный археолог Музея Археологии и Этнографии Пибоди Гарвардского Университета, провёл основные полевые работы по исследованию шаров в 1948 г. Заключительное сообщение о результатах его исследований было издано Музеем в 1963 году.Оно содержит карты участков, где были найдены шары, детальные описания глиняной посуды и металлических объектов, найденных рядом с шарами, и много фотографий, данных измерений и рисунков шаров, их взаимного расположения и стратиграфических контекстов.О дополнительном исследовании шаров археологом Мэтью Стирлингом было сообщено на страницах National Geographic в 1969 году.В 1980-х участки с шарами были исследованы и описаны Робертом Дролетом в ходе проведённых им раскопок.В конце 1980-х и в начале 1990-х, Клод Баудез и его студенты из Парижского Университета возвратились к раскопкам Лотропа, чтобы предпринять более тщательный анализ глиняной посуды и получить более точную датировку стратиграфических контекстов шаров. Это исследование было издано на испанском в 1993 году, с резюме на английском языке, появившемся в 1996 г.Также в начале 1990-х Джон Хоупс провёл полевые работы вокруг Golfito, задокументировав самые восточные из известных экземпляров этих шаров. В это же время Энрико Дала Лагоа, студент Университета Штата Канзас, защитил диссертацию по теме шаров.Наиболее тщательным исследованием шаров после Лотропа, однако, стали полевые работы, предпринятые в 1990-1995 археологом Ифигенией Квинтаниллой под эгидой Национального Музея Коста-Рики.Она смогла раскопать несколько шаров в их начальном состоянии. По состоянию на 2001 год основная часть информации, которую она собрала, ещё не была опубликована, хотя и составляла предмет её дипломного исследования в Университете Барселоны.Результаты археологических исследований представлены в следующих публикациях:Lothrop, Samuel K. Archaeology of the Diquis Delta, Costa Rica. Papers of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Vol. 51. Harvard University, Cambridge. 1963Stone, Doris Z. A Preliminary Investigation of the Flood Plain of the Rio Grande de Terraba, Costa Rica. American Antiquity 9(1):74-88. 1943Stone, Doris Z. Precolumbian Man Finds Costa Rica. Peabody Museum Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 1977Baudez, Claude F., Nathalie Borgnino, Sophie Laligant & Valerie Lauthelin Investigaciones Arqueologicas en el Delta del Diquis. Centro de Estudios Mexicanos y Centroamericanos, Mexico, D.F. 1993Lange, Frederick W. (ed.) Paths Through Central American Prehistory: Essays in Honor of Wolfgang Haberland. University of Colorado Press, Boulder. 1996В отличие от геологов, археологи признают искусственное происхождение шаров Коста-Рики.Почти все шары сделаны из granodiorite, твёрдой лавовой породы, обнажения которой располагаются в предгорьях предместий Talamanca. Есть несколько экземпляров, сделанных из coquina, твёрдого материала, подобного известняку, который образуется из ракушек и песка в береговых отложениях. По мнению археологов, шары были изготовлены посредством обработки круглых валунов до сферической формы в ходе нескольких этапов. На первом этапе валуны подвергали попеременно сильному нагреву и охлаждению, в результате чего верхняя часть валунов отслаивалась подобно листьям луковицы.Granodiorite, из которого они сделаны, как было выявлено, ещё хранит следы сильных перепадов температуры. Когда они приближались по форме к сфере, их далее обрабатывали каменными инструментами из материала той же твёрдости. На финальной стадии шары помещались на основание и полировались до блеска.Нередко в средствах массовой информации появляются заявления, что эти шары обладают совершенной сферической формой с точностью до 2 миллиметров. В реальности для столь категоричных утверждений нет оснований.Дело в том, что никто никогда не измерял шары Коста-Рики с подобной степенью точности. Лотроп писал:«Чтобы измерить окружность, мы использовали два метода, ни один из которых не является полностью удовлетворительным. Когда большие шары были глубоко захоронены в земле, могло бы потребоваться несколько дней для рытья траншеи вокруг них. Следовательно, мы исследовали только верхнюю половину и затем измерили два или еще три диаметра при помощи ленты и отвеса. Измерения показали, что небольшие экземпляры, обычно диаметром от 2 до 3 футов (0,6-0,9 метров), имеют различия в диаметре 1 или 2 дюйма (2,5-5,1 сантиметра)».Лотроп также измерил шары, которые были полностью вынуты из земли, прикладывая по пяти окружностям кусок ленты. Он пишет:«Очевидно, большие шары являлись изделиями самого высокого качества, и они были настолько почти совершенны, что измерения диаметров лентой и отвесом не показали никакой разницы. Поэтому мы измерили окружности по горизонтали и, насколько это было возможно, под углом 45 градусов к четырём основным точкам.Мы обычно не измеряли вертикальную окружность, поскольку большие шары были слишком тяжелы для передвижения. Эта процедура не была столь же легка, как это звучит, потому что несколько человек были должны держать ленту, и все измерения должны были быть проверены. Поскольку отличие в диаметрах было слишком маленькое, чтобы быть обнаруженным глазом даже с отвесом, диаметры были вычислены математически».Очевидно, что различия «слишком маленькие, чтобы быть обнаруженными глазом» не могут быть переведены в заявление о точности «в пределах 2 миллиметров».Фактически, поверхность шаров не абсолютно гладкая и имеет неровности, явно превышающие 2 миллиметра по высоте. Кроме того, на шарах нередко заметны существенные повреждения поверхности. Поэтому невозможно определить, насколько ровными они могли быть на момент изготовления.По сути, никто не знает наверняка, для чего именно изготавливались эти шары.Ко времени первых испанских завоеваний шары уже никто не изготавливал, и они оставались полностью забытыми, пока не были вновь открыты в 1940-х.Некоторые археологи полагают, что шары располагались перед домами знатных людей в качестве символа их власти или тайного знания.Есть также мнение, что само создание и перемещение шаров имело большое религиозное или социальное значение, не меньшее, чем их окончательное местоположение.Как уже говорилось, значительная часть каменных шаров располагалась некими группами. Часть этих групп образовывала прямые или извилистые линии, треугольники и параллелограммы. Одна группа из четырёх шаров, как было определено, выровнена по линии, ориентированной на магнитный север.Это привело Ивара Заппа к предположению, что они, возможно, были размещены людьми, знакомыми с использованием магнитных компасов или астрономической ориентацией.Однако гипотеза Ивара Заппа, что группы каменных шаров являлись навигационными устройствами, указывающими на остров Пасхи и Стоунхендж, представляется малообоснованной.Эта группа из четырёх шаров занимает (по измерениям Лотропа) только несколько метров, чего явно недостаточно, чтобы избежать ошибки в составлении плана на таких длинных расстояниях.Кроме того, за исключением шаров, расположенных в Isla del Caсo, большинство шаров находятся слишком далеко от моря, чтобы быть полезными для океанских навигаторов.Встречается также версия, что расположение каменных шаров напоминает некоторые небесные созвездия. В соответствии с этим шары Коста-Рики некоторые «исследователи» нередко считают своеобразным «планетарием», «обсерваторией» или ориентирами для космических кораблей.Однако при всей привлекательности подобных версий для широкой публики, следует отметить, что авторы подобных версий более полагались на свою фантазию, нежели на результаты полевых исследований.Многие из шаров, некоторые из них в группах, были найдены на вершине насыпей. Это привело к предположению, что они, возможно, сохранялись внутри зданий, созданных на вершинах насыпей, что затрудняло бы их использование для проведения наблюдений.Более того, к настоящему времени все группы (кроме нескольких) уже разрушены, поэтому измерения, проведённые почти пятьдесят лет назад, не могут быть проверены на точность.Фактически все известные шары были перемещены от их первоначального местоположения в ходе сельскохозяйственных работ, что уничтожило информацию об их археологических контекстах и возможных группах.Часть шаров была взорвана и разрушена местными искателями сокровищ, которые верили басням, что шары содержат золото. Шары скатывали в овраги и ущелья или даже под воду на морском побережье (как в Isla del Caсo).Ныне значительная часть шаров используется в качестве незатейливого украшения газонов. Вполне возможно, что, по крайней мере, какая-то часть шаров также когда-то использовалась в аналогичных целях.Так, например, в расположенном у Тихоокеанского побережья на границе с Гватемалой центре Исапа, существовавшем чуть позже ольмеков, круглые шары небольшого размера были обнаружены рядом с маленькими каменными столбами, которые вполне могли служить для них подставками.Остаётся неизвестным и время изготовления шаров.Поскольку надёжных методов датирования каменных изделий сейчас не существует, археологи вынуждены полагаться лишь на стратиграфические исследования и определяют дату изготовления шаров по культурным останкам, обнаруживаемым в тех же отложениях.Найденные в ходе раскопок такие останки датируются ныне археологами в диапазоне от 200 года до н.э. до даже 1500 года н.э. Но и даже столь широкий диапазон нельзя признать окончательным.Дело в том, что стратиграфический анализ всегда оставляет массу сомнений в датировке подобных артефактов. Хотя бы потому, что если сейчас шары перемещаются с места на место, то ничто не может исключить возможности подобного перемещения шаров и в то самое время, которое даёт стратиграфия.Следовательно, шары вполне могут оказаться гораздо более древними. Вплоть до сотен тысяч и миллионов лет (есть и такие гипотезы).В частности, абсолютно не исключена и версия, высказываемая Джорджем Эриксоном и другими исследователями, что шары имеют возраст более 12 тысяч лет. При всём скептицизме археологов по отношению к подобной дате, она отнюдь не лишена оснований.В частности, Джон Хоупс упоминает шары в Isla del Caсo, которые находятся под водой у побережья.В случае, если данные шары не были туда перемещены уже в более позднее время и находились там изначально, то поместить их туда могли лишь тогда, когда уровень моря был существенно ниже современного. А это и даёт их возраст не менее 10 тысяч лет…Загадкой остаётся и способ транспортировки шаров (или заготовок для них), — от мест их расположения до мест предполагаемого происхождения материала для их изготовления десятки километров, существенная часть из которых приходится на болота и густые заросли тропического леса…Самый первый отчёт об исследовании шаров Коста-Рики археолог Дорис З. Стоун закончил словами словами: «Мы должны отнести совершенные сферы Коста-Рики к непостижимым мегалитическим загадкам». В этом с ним невозможно не согласиться…* * *Каменные шары встречаются на самом деле не только в Коста-Рике. Появлялись сообщения о том, что подобные шары моряки Мурманского пароходства находили на побережье Северного Ледовитого океана. А вот это — снимок шаров на побережье одного из островов Новой Зеландии:Или вот еще факты:В 1969 году в Германии, в Эйфеле, при взрыве каменоломни из откоса выкатился идеально круглый шар диаметром в пять метров и весом более 100 тонн.В Казахстане при разработке песчаного карьера с большой глубины были выкопаны несколько крупных каменных шаров.Уникальной красоты шары были обнаружены по бортам балки Букобай в Соль-Илецком районе Оренбургской области.Ещё несколько десятков таких камней находилось в овраге в пяти километрах к западу от Жирновска Волгоградской области. В 2002-2003 годах, к сожалению, самые красивые и выразительные из них уничтожили местные бульдозеристы-нефтяники, которые протянули несколько трубопроводов.Шары в Волгоградской областиПолно шаров (до 2 метров в диаметре) на арктическом острове Чампа на Земле Франца Иосифа. Однако, попадаются и совсем крошечные.В октябре 2007 года на глубинах 10-25 метров на дне Чёрного моря около Геленджика экспедиция «Космопоиска» нашла шары диаметром от 0,7 до 1 метра. Самый маленький удалось поднять и обследовать на берегу.Геологи и историки дали заключение, что шар выточен искусственно, а на его поверхности виден «бортик» и Х-образный пропил. Для чего делали такие шары, которые слишком велики и для самых гигантских пороховых пушек, и для самых больших катапульт, неизвестно.Богучанские шары отнюдь не претендуют на звание самых загадочных. Вот уже более 60 лет учёные ломают головы над их более известными и массивными собратьями — каменными шарами из Коста-Рики (Центральная Америка) и других районов Южной Америки.Некоторые богучанские шары лежат порезанными на дольки. В сороковых годах прошлого века их обнаружили рабочие, вырубавшие заросли под банановые плантации. Тут попадаются и россыпи маленьких шариков по 10 сантиметров в диаметре, и гигантские «изваяния» по три метра, которые весят под 20 тонн. Материал разный — от вулканической породы до гранита.Некоторые шары в момент обнаружения выглядели так, словно бы их недавно принесли на место. Другие были частично зарыты. Или едва торчали из-под земли. А несколько экземпляров нашли на глубине в два метра. Глубже никто не копал. Тем не менее, создавалось впечатление, будто бы шары выползают из недр.Арктический остров Чампа — одно из уникальнейших на Земле мест — весь усеян странными, идеально круглыми камнями.Не претендуя на конечную истину, можно сделать следующий предварительный вывод. Безусловно, камни с Чампы можно отнести к разряду шаровидных конкреций. Конкреции — от латинского слова concretio — срастание, сгущение.Это стяжения, минеральные образования округлой формы в осадочных горных породах. Центрами такого стяжения могут быть зёрна минералов, обломки пород, раковины, зубы и кости рыб, остатки растений.Вот тут подробнее пор Шары острова ЧампаБольше всего их образуется в пористых осадочных породах — песках и глинах. По строению чаще всего встречаются концентрически-слоистые — как бы составленные из нескольких скорлуп.Они состоят обычно из карбонатов кальция, окислов и сульфидов железа, фосфатов кальция, гипса, соединений марганца.Образование конкреций происходит примерно так: на стенках возникают наросты, которые, разрастаясь навстречу друг другу, смыкаются и образуют различные формы. На Земле преобладают конкреции шаровидные, дискообразные, реже встречаются в форме эллипса или неправильные — сросшиеся.Мнений по поводу происхождения каменных шаров столько же, сколько и исследователей. По словам Виктора Боярского, от каждого геолога, хоть раз побывавшего на Чампе, он слышал своё объяснение этого феномена.Виктор Боярский не исключает, что на Земле Франца-Иосифа есть ещё места средоточения шарообразных камней: «Не удивлюсь, если новые экспедиции сообщат о чём-либо подобном. В геологическом плане этот уголок планеты способен преподнести массу самых неожиданных сюрпризов». Близость таинственных цивилизаций и их культовых сооружений вроде пирамид, естественно, рождает сверхъестественные гипотезы. Вплоть до того, что шары были изготовлены пришельцами либо из космоса, либо из Атлантиды. Или, по крайней мере, под их руководством.Ведь на некоторых и в самом деле находят следы обработки. И надписи. А часть шаров из Коста-Рики изначально была выложена некими орнаментами — вроде бы их рисунки соответствовали расположению созвездий.Однако теперь находки переставлены, унесены на личные подворья и в музеи. И восстановить прежнюю картину уже невозможно.Знаменитый исследователь аномального и большой фантазёр Эрих фон Дэникен вообще окрестил шары «мячами, в которые играли боги». На футбол намекал. Хотя они больше подходят для игры в гольф или крокет.Остров Чампа, Земля Франца-ИосифаГеологи несильно удивляются шарам. Но выдвигают разные гипотезы их возникновения.— Инопланетяне тут, конечно, не при чём, — говорит доцент кафедры геологии и геофизики Иркутского государственного университета Алексей Корольков. — Скорее всего, это так называемые железистые конкреции. Они образуются при уплотнении осадков в угольных месторождениях. В их центре нередко находят органические остатки, минеральные или бактериальные скопления, которые служат «затравкой» при её росте. Некоторые учёные подчёркивают, что конкреция превращается в шар и равномерно растёт, когда вещества осаждаются в породе, одинаково проницаемой по всем направлениям. А в качестве прародины шаров называют океанское дно. Мол, образовались вокруг останков раковин, костей животных, водорослей в мягких отложениях. И оказались на суше, когда морское дно поднялось.Но свойства окружающей породы бывают таковы, что образования становятся дисками. Или даже цилиндрами длиной до нескольких десятков метров. И то, и другое вполне можно принять за рукотворные изделия. Цилиндры, например, посчитать колоннами — останками сооружений, которым якобы по многу миллионов лет.Кто-то видит причину «шарообразования» в кристаллизации вулканической магмы. Кто-то — в заполнении посторонним веществом пустот — пузырей (аналогичных дыркам в швейцарском сыре). А появление на поверхности — в элементарном выветривании.Камень на острое ПасхиЕсть гипотеза, что шары возникают в ямах и складках каменного ложа горных рек. Мол, там течение заставляет валуны быстро вращаться и со временем обрабатывает до круглого состояния.С геологами спорят археологи. Не по всем шарам. Часть их, возможно, и вправду каким-то образом сотворила природа. Но вряд ли ей по силам огромные экземпляры. Особенно из гранита или другого материала, обладающего повышенной твёрдостью, выполненные с точностью, доступной разве что современной технике.В своё время Сэмюэль Лотроп, штатный археолог Музея археологии и этнографии Гарвардского университета, первым тщательно измерил некоторые шары из Коста-Рики.— Очевидно, — писал он в отчёте, — большие шары являлись изделиями самого высокого качества. И они столь совершенны, что измерения диаметров лентой (по пяти направлениям) и отвесом не показали никакой разницы.Археолог обнаружил лишь неровности поверхности размером около 2 миллиметров.Учёные находили рядом с шарами предметы древнего быта. Но сами они располагались вдали от мест обитания и возможного изготовления. А кто и зачем таскал многотонные каменные сферы вдаль? Иной раз и в горы? Загадка.Кстати, в хрониках Коста-Рики, которые ведутся с 1512 года, нет ни одного упоминания о каменных шарах. Даже если они когда-то гораздо раньше имели культовое значение, то, что это был за культ такой? Тоже не ясно. Так что, пока эти шары остаются для нас загадкой.На Уралеисточникиkerastase http://www.kp.ru/daily/24166.3/378367/http://lah.ru/fotoarh/oskolki/balls.htmВладимир Лаговский, Светлана Голуб(«КП» — Иркутск») (фото автора). — 18.09.2008http://sv-rasseniya.narod.ru

05 апреля, 14:50

12 Celebrities Who Have Had Restraining Orders Against Them

These 12 celebrities had restraining orders filed against them. Find out why and when these restraining orders were granted.

04 апреля, 13:47

TRUMP outside group puts up another six-figure ad buy -- PAUL RYAN’s MILLION-DOLLAR day – House Republicans and W.H. discuss way to break health-care logjam -- STEVE THOMMA's new job -- B’DAY: Jo Becker

Listen to the Playbook Audio Briefing http://bit.ly/2o4WFTU ... Subscribe on iTunes http://apple.co/2eX6Eay ... Visit the online home of Playbook http://politi.co/2f51JnfBULLETIN -- AP at 4:46 a.m.: “TEHRAN, Iran (AP) - Boeing Co. says it has signed a $3 billion deal with Iran’s Aseman Airlines for 30 737 MAX airplanes.”Good Tuesday morning. THE NEW REALITY: BIG MONEY AT EVERY TURN -- MAKING AMERICA GREAT, a non-profit group aligned with big GOP donor Rebekah Mercer, is dropping six figures on a digital advertising campaign to both tout the Trump administration’s accomplishments and pressure senators to confirm Neil Gorsuch to the Supreme Court. The ad is running nationally, but will have boosted spending in Michigan, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Florida, Missouri, Montana, Wisconsin, Maine and D.C. -- all markets where Democratic senators face re-election in 2018. This campaign comes a week after a $1 million buy boosting Trump’s agenda. “Judge Gorsuch is impeccably qualified to serve on the Supreme Court. Some of our Senators’ petulant opposition is not in the best interest of our nation, and is contrary to the wishes of their constituency,” said Emily Cornell, the COO of Making America Great. “We welcome the opportunity to give Gorsuch supporters the megaphone they deserve.”-- THIS IS LOOKING LIKE IT WILL BE A TREND, AND TRUMP WORLD IS GOING TO BE HAPPY. Six- and seven-figure ad buys have gone up in back-to-back weeks to boost the president’s agenda. If this continues, it will be helpful as Trump tries to prevent a government shutdown, lift the debt ceiling, pass tax reform and an infrastructure bill. The ad http://bit.ly/2nSkOuV FIRST IN PLAYBOOK: RYAN’S MILLION-DOLLAR DAY -- SPEAKER PAUL RYAN is distributing $1.2 million from his personal political accounts to roughly half the House Republican Conference today. Ryan has already transferred millions of dollars to the party’s re-election arm, but now the speaker is cutting checks directly to lawmakers’ campaign committees -- a move that underscores his newfound brand as a top Republican money man. The donations are going to virtually every House Republican being targeted by Democrats, and conservatives and moderates alike. Members of the House found out about the Ryan largesse when Kevin Seifert, Ryan’s political director, emailed chiefs of staff, telling them a check was waiting at the RNC for pickup this morning. THIS IS IMPORTANT: Members of leadership usually either cut checks to the party committee, or directly to members. Ryan is doing both as he tries to keep the House in GOP hands in 2018.**SUBSCRIBE to Playbook: http://politi.co/2lQswbhFOR YOUR RADAR -- “Authorities name suspect from Kyrgyzstan in St. Petersburg metro bombing,” by WaPo’s Andrew Roth and David Filipov in St. Petersburg: “A likely suspect in the blast that killed 14 people as it ripped through a subway car in St. Petersburg is a Russian citizen born in a volatile region of Kyrgyzstan, the Central Asian country’s security service said Tuesday. The state security service of Kyrgyzstan told the Interfax news agency that the suspect is 22-year-old Akbarzhon Dzhalilov, who was born in Osh, a city that has seen bloody ethnic conflicts and the growth of jihadist movements since the Soviet Union began disintegrating three decades ago. The service said it was working with Russian law enforcement authorities, who are investigating the incident as an act of terrorism. Russian officials have not said how many people were involved in Monday’s attack.” http://wapo.st/2nzl9kxIT’S BACK … WE THINK? -- “White House, conservatives mull deal to revive Obamacare repeal,” by Rachael Bade and Jen Haberkorn: “House conservatives and the White House are mulling a potential agreement to revive the GOP Obamacare replacement bill that was pulled from the House floor just over a week ago, POLITICO has learned. The House Freedom Caucus, the group of three-dozen conservatives that helped bring down the bill, has been in talks with Trump administration officials about changes to the legislation that might get them to ‘yes.’ One option seriously being considered, multiple GOP sources said, includes allowing governors to opt out of some Obamacare regulations. “The developments could mean that Speaker Paul Ryan’s bill might not be dead after all -- or at least indicate that continued discussions are going on behind the scenes. Sources stressed that the details are still being finalized, and it’s far from certain that such a change would act as a silver bullet to salvage the much-maligned bill. It is unclear whether such an idea would win over enough conservatives while also keeping moderate Republicans on board. Two sources told POLITICO centrist House Republicans were summoned to the White House to discuss the idea Monday afternoon.” http://politi.co/2nDvgFy-- ONE THING TO REMEMBER: It’s possible, but very unlikely this bill will pass before May. A two-week recess starts Thursday afternoon. Even if a deal came together today, the GOP whip team would have to canvass for support to see if it could pass. And, if Republicans are true to what they promised voters a few years back, the bill would have to sit for three days so the public could review it. That would take us to Thursday -- the day Republicans are slated to get out of town. Could they keep the House in an extra day? Sure. Will they? Who knows, but probably not. And if it doesn’t pass this week, it won’t even be in the mix until May -- when Congress returns the last week of this month, they’ll have to fight to keep the government open.MCCONNELL’S BIG MOMENT -- “McConnell bets the Senate on Gorsuch,” by Burgess Everett: “When Neil Gorsuch is confirmed to the Supreme Court this week, Mitch McConnell will clinch a place in history after pulling off one of the most audacious gambles in modern political history. Whether he’ll be regarded as a hero or a villain depends almost entirely on which side of the aisle one is on. The immediate payoff to the Republican Party is enormous and indisputable, starting, of course, with another staunch conservative on the court who could remain there for decades. But Republicans also credit McConnell with saving the Senate majority and electing President Donald Trump, by giving traditional conservative voters a powerful motivator to turn out for a nominee they were less than enthused about.” http://politi.co/2oxdFTFSCOOP – “Name of Trump admin hire surfaced in Ashley Madison hack,” by Daniel Lippman: “The Trump administration has hired the former executive director of the Louisiana Republican Party whose name turned up on a list of accounts released in the 2015 hack of the cheating website Ashley Madison. Jason Doré started on Monday as assistant chief counsel for external affairs for the Small Business Administration’s Office of Advocacy, he confirmed to POLITICO on Monday. ... In 2015, Doré told the New Orleans Times-Picayune he used the Ashley Madison site for opposition research. He said on Monday he stood by that explanation. He told POLITICO the incident ‘really never came up’ in his recent job interviews. ‘I addressed it at the time. It’s not a secret,’ he said of the episode. ... The White House said Doré was not a political hire from the Presidential Personnel Office and did not comment further.” http://politi.co/2oUbLcj JUSTICE WATCH -- “Sweeping Federal Review Could Affect Consent Decrees Nationwide,” by NYT’s Sheryl Gay Stolberg and Eric Lichtblau: “Attorney General Jeff Sessions has ordered a sweeping review of federal agreements with dozens of law enforcement agencies, an examination that reflects President Trump’s emphasis on law and order and could lead to a retreat on consent decrees with troubled police departments nationwide. In a memorandum dated March 31 and made public Monday, the attorney general directed his staff to look at whether law enforcement programs adhere to principles put forth by the Trump administration, including one declaring that ‘the individual misdeeds of bad actors should not impugn’ the work police officers perform ‘in keeping American communities safe.’” http://nyti.ms/2oTRaEI BLAST FROM THE PAST -- “Blackwater founder held secret Seychelles meeting to establish Trump-Putin back channel,” by WaPo’s Adam Entous, Greg Miller, Kevin Sieff and Karen DeYoung: “The United Arab Emirates arranged a secret meeting in January between Blackwater founder Erik Prince and a Russian close to President Vladi­mir Putin as part of an apparent effort to establish a back-channel line of communication between Moscow and President-elect Donald Trump, according to U.S., European and Arab officials. The meeting took place around Jan. 11 — nine days before Trump’s inauguration — in the Seychelles islands in the Indian Ocean, officials said. Though the full agenda remains unclear, the UAE agreed to broker the meeting in part to explore whether Russia could be persuaded to curtail its relationship with Iran, including in Syria, a Trump administration objective that would be likely to require major concessions to Moscow on U.S. sanctions.” http://wapo.st/2oE1dhWHOT ON THE RIGHT -- WSJ EDITORIAL BOARD: “Susan Rice Unmasked: Obama’s security adviser sought the name of at least one Trump official in intelligence reports”: “Well, what do you know. On the matter of who ‘unmasked’ the names of Trump transition officials in U.S. intelligence reports, we now have one answer: Susan Rice, Barack Obama’s national security adviser.“A U.S. intelligence official confirms to us the bombshell news, first reported Monday by Bloomberg, that Ms. Rice requested the name of at least one Trump transition official listed in an intelligence report in the months between Election Day and Donald Trump’s inauguration. Ms. Rice received summaries of U.S. eavesdropping either when foreign officials were discussing the Trump team, or when foreign officials were conversing with a Trump transition member. The surveillance was legally authorized, but the identities of U.S. citizens are typically masked so they cannot be known outside intelligence circles. Ms. Rice asked for and learned the identity of the Trump official, whose name hasn’t been publicly disclosed and our source declined to share. ...“[T]he media have been running like wildebeest after that story while ignoring how the Obama Administration might have abused domestic surveillance for its political purposes. Americans deserve to know the truth about both.” http://on.wsj.com/2oUb42w KNOWING NUNES -- “Washington may be shaking its head, but Devin Nunes is still a hometown hero,” by L.A. Times’ Cathleen Decker in Tulare, California: “In an interview with The Times, he bridled at insinuations that, under pressure from the White House, he’d canceled a committee hearing that was to feature former Acting Atty. Gen. Sally Yates, who was fired by Trump early in his administration. ‘There’s a story ... that the Trump administration asked me not to invite Sally Yates and not have a hearing, which is 100% accurate, I mean inaccurate,’ he said. Later, describing the evidence that he said had ‘alarmed’ him enough to alert the president, he said that ‘it was involving Russia -- I mean it was not involving Russia.’” http://lat.ms/2o3TgVICOMING ATTRACTIONS -- “The return of Mitt Romney,” by McClatchy’s Katie Glueck: “Romney will make his first major foray into Donald Trump’s Washington next month, headlining a fundraiser to benefit the official foundation of Yellowstone National Park. The gathering will take place at Hawthorne, a bar and restaurant in D.C.’s hip U Street corridor, on May 4 at 7 p.m. ... The news comes as the White House announced Monday that Trump would donate his first quarter salary to the National Park Service. … Jackie Rooney, the founder and chair of Yellowstone Forever Young Patrons and an alum of Romney’s 2012 campaign, waved off the idea that he would make any political announcements at the May gathering. … [T]he host committee is stacked with former Romney staffers, including 2012 campaign manager Matt Rhoades, ex-campaign spokespeople Ryan Williams, Amanda Henneberg and Chris Maloney, and major pro-Romney fundraisers Charlie and Lisa Spies.” http://bit.ly/2oT1q01 … Tickets http://bit.ly/2oUmfbq HAPPENING TODAY -- TRUMP is meeting with CEOs at the White House before speaking at the North America’s Building Trades Unions National Legislative Conference at the Washington Hilton. He’s meeting separately with EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt, Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin, HUD Secretary Ben Carson and Northern Mariana Islands Gov. Ralph Torres. WHAT CAUGHT OUR EYE: Trump is meeting with Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-Calif.). Rohrabacher has worked with disgraced former lobbyist Jack Abramoff to try to connect Denis Sassou Nguesso, the strongman leader of the Republic of Congo, to Trump. http://politi.co/2nSwXAd -- AT TRUMP’S CEO MEETING: Gary Cohn, Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao, White House director of strategic initiatives Christopher Liddell, House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.), Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, Ivanka Trump, Dina Powell. List of CEOs expected to attend http://politi.co/2owQVDy ... AP story http://apne.ws/2nxZWaB THE JUICE … -- SPOTTED AT THE NATS SEASON OPENER: Luke Russert and Michael Kornheiser, former Sen. Norm Coleman, Brian Zuzenak (celebrating his birthday), Missy Kurek, CR Wooters, Ian Mandel, Kevin McKeon, Virginia Governor Terry McAuliffe, Mayor Bowser, former D.C. Mayor Adrian Fenty, Al Hunt, Israeli Ambassador Ron Dermer, Alex and Caitlin Conant, Lindsay Czarniak, James JB Brown, Chris Gindlesperger, Matt Haller, Andrew Kovalcin, Judd Deere and Todd Sadowski.--KELLY AYOTTE, the former Republican senator from New Hampshire, is now on the board of News Corp. Members of the board get paid $100,000 in cash annually, and $145,000 in deferred stock and compensation based on their board committee assignments, according to a filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Elaine Chao, who left the board to serve as President Trump’s transportation secretary, made $295,250 from the News Corp board in the 2016 fiscal year. Ayotte has helped shepherd Supreme Court nominee Neil Gorsuch through the Senate confirmation process.-- RNC NAMES FINANCE TEAM -- Elliott Broidy, national vice chairman of Trump’s campaign and vice chairman of the presidential inaugural committee; Michael Cohen, Trump’s lawyer; and Louis DeJoy, president of LDJ Global Strategies, have been named national deputy chairmen for the RNC. Brian Ballard, a long-time Florida fundraiser; Bob Grand, who is close to Vice President Mike Pence; Gordon Sondland, founder and chairman of Aspen Lodging Group; Geoff Verhoff, of Akin Gump; and Ron Weiser, chairman of the Michigan Republican Party, have been named regional vice-chairmen. http://bit.ly/2nEmZkPYOU’RE INVITED -- THE HOUSE FREEDOM CAUCUS privately met last night with VICE PRESIDENT MIKE PENCE as Republicans try to pass a bill to repeal and replace Obamacare. We’ll be interviewing the group’s central figures: Chairman Mark Meadows (R-N.C.), Rep. Jim Jordan (R-Ohio), founding chairman of the caucus, and Rep. Justin Amash (R-Mich.) Thursday morning for a Playbook Interview. The Peter G. Peterson Foundation is sponsoring the event. Doors open at 8 a.m. and outside cameras are welcome. RSVP http://bit.ly/2oHFLIcSPORTS BLINK -- “North Carolina beats Gonzaga for sixth national championship,” by Sports Illustrated Wire: http://on.si.com/2oDZUzy-- THANK YOU to those who came out last night to our watch party at BlackFinn.DEEP DIVE -- JONATHAN MAHLER in Sunday’s upcoming NYT magazine, “CNN Had a Problem. Donald Trump Solved It: Inside the strange symbiosis between Jeff Zucker and the president he helped create”: Until Trump “an existential threat was looming. In a world where cable cutters were consuming their news in bite-size portions on their phones and streaming free video over the internet, how much longer would anyone be willing to pay for expensive cable packages? Real breaking-news events happened only every so often, and people lost interest in them quickly; more quickly than ever, in fact, now that there was so much else to distract them. But then along came a presidential candidate who was a human breaking-news event. Trump provided drama and conflict every time he opened his mouth. So too did his growing band of surrogates, who were paid by either the campaign or the network, and in one case both, to defend his statements. Indeed, it often seemed disconcertingly as though Trump had built his entire campaign around nothing so much as his singular ability to fill cable news’s endless demand for engaging content.“Had Trump lost the election, CNN would probably have returned to its previously scheduled struggle for survival. Instead, it has become more central to the national conversation than at any point in the network’s history since the first gulf war. And the man who is presiding over this historic moment at CNN happens to be the same one who was in some part responsible for Donald Trump’s political career. It was Zucker who, as president of NBC Entertainment, broadcast ‘The Apprentice’ at a time when Trump was little more than an overextended real estate promoter with a failing casino business. That show, more than anything, reversed Trump’s fortunes, recasting a local tabloid villain as the people’s prime-time billionaire. And it was Zucker who, as president of CNN, broadcast the procession of made-for-TV events — the always news-making interviews; the rallies; debates; the ‘major policy addresses’ that never really were — that helped turn Trump into the Republican front-runner at a time when few others took his candidacy seriously.” http://nyti.ms/2nRmPrgMICHAEL GRUNWALD in POLITICO Magazine, “For Trump, NAFTA Could Be the Next Obamacare”: “If Trump fails to bully the Mexicans into massive NAFTA concessions, or even a face-saving NAFTA update reinstating the TPP concessions, he will face a similar choice: Muddle through with the status quo, or else walk away and blame others for the chaos. Getting a divided Congress to approve a revised NAFTA would be a daunting legislative challenge, but abandoning NAFTA would be quite simple; Trump would just need to give six months’ notice. He would be risking the demolition of North American supply chains, fury from farmers and consumers, a potential trade war, and a potential recession.” http://politi.co/2oDOPyx BOSTON GLOBE -- “Cambridge council votes to urge US House to consider Trump impeachment,” by Felicia Glans: “In a vote Monday, seven city councilors voted in favor of a proposal that asks the House to authorize its Committee on the Judiciary to investigate possible violations Trump may have made in the foreign emoluments clause, domestic emoluments clause, or other constitutional clauses. … The template for the proposal was written by a national movement called Impeach Trump Now and has been used by such other communities as Berkeley, Calif., and Charlotte, Vt.” http://bit.ly/2ox9Z4b 2020 WATCH -- “Biden to headline New Hampshire party event,” by Gabriel Debenedetti: “Former Vice President Joe Biden is returning to New Hampshire for the first time since leaving the White House later this month for the state Democratic Party’s fundraising dinner. Headlining such events is often associated with presidential ambitions, and when Biden passed on the state committee’s big fundraising dinner in 2015, it was widely read as a sign that he wouldn’t pursue the presidency in 2016.” http://politi.co/2nWwmPsDRIP DRIP -- “Controversial Trump Aide Sebastian Gorka Backed Violent Anti-Semitic Militia,” by Lili Bayer in The Forward in Budapest: “As a Hungarian political leader in 2007, Sebastian Gorka, President Trump’s chief counter-terrorism adviser, publicly supported a violent racist and anti-Semitic paramilitary militia that was later banned as a threat to minorities by multiple court rulings. ... Asked directly on the TV interview program if he supports the move by Jobbik, a far-right anti-Semitic party, to establish the militia, Gorka, appearing as a leader of his own newly formed party, replies immediately, ‘That is so.’ The Guard, Gorka explains, is a response to ‘a big societal need.’” http://bit.ly/2nDwtNfFOGGY BOTTOM WATCH -- “Former Virginia governor Jim Gilmore on shortlist for ambassador to Germany,” by WaPo’s Anne Gearan and Abby Phillip: http://wapo.st/2nyiebASNEAK PEAK -- KIRSTEN GILLIBRAND PROFILE -- Rebecca Traister in NYMag: “There’s plenty of speculation that Gillibrand will take her own advice and run for president in 2020. ... Though she supported Clinton over Sanders in 2016, she has much in common with the populist senator from Vermont. Like Sanders, she has often stood apart from Democrats. She ‘got an earful’ for her vote against tarp, she says, and recalls her failed efforts to save $4 billion cut from snap benefits in the farm bill, which only 28 of her fellow Democrats supported, as ‘so heartbreaking.’ And like Sanders, she sees in left-wing populism—in affordable day care and paid leave and the expansion of Medicare as a means of addressing economic inequality—a path for red and blue America to come together. Sanders spoke alongside Gillibrand in March at a press conference in support of the Family Act, and Gillibrand is very enthusiastic about becoming a co-sponsor of Sanders’s forthcoming Medicare for All bill.” Link live at 7 a.m. http://nym.ag/2our139HOLLYWOODLAND -- “Mitch Glazier Tapped to Succeed Cary Sherman as CEO of RIAA,” by Variety’s Ted Johnson: “Glazier in the meantime has been promoted to president of the association, after managing the public policy and industry relations teams as senior executive vice president. Sherman plans to retire from the RIAA at the end of 2018, after serving as chairman and CEO for seven years.” http://bit.ly/2ovCWOqMEDIAWATCH -- “Media Consumption Of 2016 Political News: Strong Gains, Cable TV Soars,” by MediaPost’s Wayne Friedman: “There is more evidence that TV news consumption rose sharply in 2016, due to a surprising presidential election. Nielsen says there was an 18% gain in news media consumption in 2016 over the year before -- to 72.5 billion minutes. The bulk of this came from large turnout in watching TV cable news networks. Adults 18 + watched 44% more national cable TV networks, in term of gross minutes a week, versus 2015. For the individual viewer, this averaged six and half hours a week watching national cable news networks -- an hour and a half more than in 2015, and a hour and forty-five minutes from the last presidential election in 2012.” http://bit.ly/2oT4Gso-- “More Trouble at Fox News: Ailes Faces New Sexual Claims and O’Reilly Loses Two Advertisers,” by NYT’s Emily Steel and Michael S. Schmidt: “The sexual harassment scandal that engulfed Fox News last year and led to the ouster of its chairman, Roger Ailes, continued to batter the network on Monday, as a new lawsuit described unwanted sexual advances by Mr. Ailes and two major advertisers pulled their spots from the show of its top-rated host, Bill O’Reilly. Mercedes-Benz and Hyundai said they were withdrawing their ads from Mr. O’Reilly’s prime-time show, ‘The O’Reilly Factor,’ after The New York Times published an investigation this weekend that found five women who made allegations of sexual harassment or inappropriate behavior against him. Those five women received settlements totaling about $13 million, The Times reported.” http://nyti.ms/2oDXT6n ... NYT’s original Sunday blockbuster http://nyti.ms/2owRFZv -- STEVE THOMMA has been hired as the new director of the White House Correspondents Association – Jeff Mason emails members: “After conducting a nationwide search, fielding over 100 applications and conducting interviews with more than 10 candidates, we are happy to announce that Steve Thomma, former White House Correspondent and former Politics and Government Editor at McClatchy, will be taking over as executive director of the WHCA next month. ... He will start in the WHCA office this week, shadowing and assisting Julie as she helps to plan her final White House Correspondents’ Dinner as executive director.”SPOTTED in first class from Memphis to Atlanta: Andrew Young, the former congressman, UN Ambassador and mayor of Atlanta. ... Sen. Ed Markey (D-Mass.) at DCA tuning into CNN’S “The Lead” on one of the airport’s TVs.-- SPOTTED in Palm Beach yesterday at the “Managing the Disruption” conference hosted by Jeff Greene and the Greene Institute, which focused on the impact of automation and artificial intelligence on jobs and the economy: Gov. Chris Christie, Arne Duncan, Kimberly Bryant, Eythor Bender, Larry Summers, Vivek Wadhwa, Larry Kudlow, Stefanie Symon, Tom Friedman, Kate Darling and Scott Santens.TRANSITIONS -- Robert Flock is joining the Credit Union National Association on April 10 as associate director of advocacy, where he’ll be responsible for outreach to members of the House Republican Conference. He was previously policy advisor at Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck … Samantha Medlock has started as North America lead for capital, science and policy with Willis Towers Watson, the global advisory, broking and risk management solutions company. She previously was previously senior advisor at the Obama White House’s OMB. … Daniel Huey is joining the firm Something Else as a partner. He comes onboard from the NRCC where he served as a senior advisor and managed the independent expenditure unit. ...… Riley Kilburg, who was deputy political director of Hillary for America in Iowa, recently joined the team at Center Forward, which brings together members of Congress, non profits, academic experts, trade associations, corporations and unions to find common ground and end gridlock in Washington. … Dina Ellis Rochkind, formerly Washington director for Rep. Mike Coffman (R-Colo.), is joining the fintech and payments practice at Paul Hastings, helping to lead their government relations offering. http://politi.co/2owRInT … Digital strategist David Payne is leaving VOX Global after running the agency’s online advocacy practice for eight years. He is launching CODAVATE, a digital public affairs firm. http://bit.ly/2oTUhNc ENGAGED -- Kevin Daley, The Daily Caller News Foundation’s Supreme Court reporter, got engaged to Rachel Landsman, a paralegal in the appeals practice of Kirkland and Ellis, working for Paul Clement. He proposed at the Tidal Basin, before they got brunch in the Kennedy booth at Martin’s. Beforehand, he filed a story -- and his editors love that. “The wonderful pair are proof something beautiful can come of interns meeting at Union Pub,” Chris Bedford writes us. Pic http://bit.ly/2nVsyOkBIRTHWEEK (was yesterday): Ed Rowny, Reagan’s strategic nuclear arms negotiator, Ambassador and Army Lieutenant General, turned 100 years old -- he lives in DC and is still active in international matters (hat tip: Joe Duggan, who was his public affairs advisor at State from 1986 to 1990)BIRTHDAY OF THE DAY: Jo Becker, Pulitzer Prize-winning NYT investigative reporter and author of “Forcing the Spring: Inside the Fight for Marriage Equality” – she’s celebrating with her “best girlfriends for a night on the town, hopefully taking a horse jumping lesson on the sweetest thoroughbred named Chance ... [and] then later this month heading to Costa Rica for a birthday surfing roadtrip with my brother and some friends from there” – read her Playbook Plus Q&A: http://politi.co/2nz6DcA BIRTHDAYS: Rob Stutzman ... author Kitty Kelley is 75 ... former Sen. Richard Lugar (R-Ind.) is 85 ... Molly Edwards, deputy press secretary in the Office of the Speaker (hat tip: Speaker Ryan press shop) ... Senegal turns 57 on its Independence Day ... Bruce Wolpe, a Henry Waxman alum and chief of staff to former Prime Minister Julia Gillard of Australia, is 66 ... KJ Heal ... cybersecurity reporter and Politico alum Joe Marks ... Warren Ryan, policy advisor at Treasury ... Kristin Bannerman ... Hillary (Maxwell) Beightel, a Bush 43 Ed. dept alum now in public affairs and corporate comms. at Dell ... Judith Czelusniak, a Bloomberg alum now doing marketing/PR in Florida (h/t David Bass) … Dena Levitz, a 1776 alum now at Web Summit ... Michael Halle, alum of Hillary for America, Gov. McAuliffe and Obama 2012 ... Admiral Bobby Ray Inman, former NSA Director and LBJ School prof, is 86 … Ryan Davis, managing director of digital at Families For Excellent Schools (and former social media director at Blue State Digital) is 35 (h/t Lee Morrow) ... Caroline Campbell ... Charles Halloran, celebrating with Chris (h/ts Jon Haber) ... longtime Senate Republican floor aide Robert Duncan is 4-0 (h/t Stew) ... Rep. Norma Torres (D-Calif.) is 52 ...... Meghan Thurlow, senior manager for global public affairs at GE and a DOT and Burson-Marsteller alum … former Sen. Mo Cowan (D-Mass.) is 48 ... National Media’s Melissa Sharp, an NRSC and Carly for Senate alum ... Politico’s Alexandra Farrand ... Lindsay Gruskay of Broadway Video, Lorne Michaels’ entertainment and media company ... Teddy Himler, principal at Comcast Ventures ... Bridget Spurlock, director of scheduling for Sen. Rubio (h/t Megan McKinley) ... Daisy Melamed Sanders, senior editor for Hearst Digital Media’s content studio ... Neil Giacobbi, associate VP of public affairs at AT&T ... Joy Wang, editor at NBC News and a WNYC alum ... Darienne Page, gov’t relations at Lyft and Obama alum and formerly ROTUS, the White House Receptionist ... Dan Hauser ... Tyler Beckley of Knoxville ... Ryan Davis, co-founder and strategy director of Bushwick Digital … Alex Paulitz … Jerry Irvine ... David Fawcett … Francis Kidd ... Joe Riccca ... Alfred Stanley ... Katreice Banks ... Laura Dresser ... Nile Ritchie (h/ts Teresa Vilmain) ... Robert Downey Jr. is 52 ... magician David Blaine is 44 (h/ts AP)

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02 апреля, 16:00

The tools of an artist

For Pam Holland, the tools of her art include a camera and an eye for color in her travels, which include India, Costa Rica, Nepal, and Australia — just to name a few.

31 марта, 17:09

Посол Республики Коста-Рика в России Артуро Фурнье Фасио: «Мы хотели бы расширить связи с Россией»

Небольшая республика в Центральной Америке, Коста-Рика, в ряде международных рейтингах считается одной из стран с самым счастливым населением в мире. Многие иностранные обозреватели рисуют ее миролюбивым государством с устойчивой и открытой демократией, народ которого обладает философией равенства и коллективной ответственности. Экономика Коста-Рики...

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30 марта, 11:06

Коста-Рика: вулкан Турриальба вновь взорвался 28 марта

Уже в 9:36 колонна пепла достигла 300 метров в высоту на вершине кратера, в соответствии с данными вулканологической и сейсмологической обсерватории Коста-Рики. Пеплопады произошли в окрестностях буйствующей горы. Как сообщили местные сельские жители, от пепла пострадали растения и урожай.

30 марта, 00:25

5 Consumer Staples Stocks with Strong Growth Prospects

These consumer staple stocks flaunt a Zacks Rank #1 or 2, with a Growth Style Score of A and have the potential to ride out the impending volatility.

28 марта, 20:55

Черчесов вспомнил "японского Романцева". Россия — Бельгия — 3:3

Игра проходила на сочинском стадионе "Фишт" в присутствии почти 40 тысяч зрителей, что является рекордом для сборной России при Черчесове. Соперник выпустил на поле экспериментальный состав, при том что в Сочи и так не прилетели главные бельгийские звёзды: Эден Азар, Кевин Де Брёйне и Тибо Куртуа. У нас после травмы в строй вернулся Алан Дзагоев. А счёт к 3-й минуте стал 1:0. Отличился недавний дебютант сборной, защитник ЦСКА Виктора Васин. И этот эпизод, пожалуй, стал единственным светлым пятном до перерыва. Не предпринимая серьёзных усилий, бельгийцы очень легко перехватили инициативу. А два гола Кристиана Бентеке под занавес первого тайма были забиты как под копирку. После перерыва сборная России оживилась, в концовке вышел после травмы Денис Глушаков. И при нём случился неожиданный переворот. Гол Алексея Миранчука выглядел "мячом престижа". Однако второй домашний матч за четыре дня (ранее было поражение 0:2 от Кот-д'Ивуара в Краснодаре) мы всё-таки не проиграли. В добавленное время отличился Александр Бухаров. Призрак 3-го тура... чемпионата мира 2002 года в Японии, когда Россия уступила Бельгии 2:3, не материализовался. Тот матч в Сидзуоке стал последним на посту главного тренера для Олега Романцева. Если бы сейчас тоже получилось 2:3, матч в Сочи вполне мог стать последним для Черчесова.Вот результаты игр при этом специалисте за неполный год его работы в национальной команде: Турция (0:0), Гана (1:0), Коста-Рика (3:4), Катар (1:2), Румыния (1:0), Кот-д'Ивуар (0:2), Бельгия (3:3).Не исключено, несмотря на ничью, после обновления рейтинга ФИФА россияне обновят антирекорд и опустятся ниже 61-го места... Товарищеский матч. СочиРоссия — Бельгия — 3:3 (1:3)Голы: Васин, 3 (0:1). Миральяс, 17 (1:1, пенальти). Бентеке, 42 (1:2). Бентеке, 45 (1:3). Миранчук, 74 (2:3). Бухаров, 90+2 (3:3). ТЕКСТОВАЯ ТРАНСЛЯЦИЯ МАТЧА РОССИЯ — БЕЛЬГИЯ

24 марта, 01:39

Costa Rica detains Somali with alleged 'terrorism' links

Costa Rican authorities have detained a Somali citizen suspected of "international terrorism" after officials say he entered the Central American country from neighboring Panama. Nathan Frandino reports. Subscribe: http://smarturl.it/reuterssubscribe More updates and breaking news: http://smarturl.it/BreakingNews Reuters tells the world's stories like no one else. As the largest international multimedia news provider, Reuters provides coverage around the globe and across topics including business, financial, national, and international news. For over 160 years, Reuters has maintained its reputation for speed, accuracy, and impact while providing exclusives, incisive commentary and forward-looking analysis. http://reuters.com/ https://www.facebook.com/Reuters https://plus.google.com/u/0/s/reuters https://twitter.com/Reuters

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18 марта, 02:03

Readout of the Vice President's Meeting with President Luis Guillermo Solís of Costa Rica

The Vice President met today with President Luis Guillermo Solís of Costa Rica at the White House. The Vice President praised Costa Rica's role as a key partner of the United States in promoting regional economic prosperity, security, and good governance throughout the hemisphere. The two leaders discussed ways to deepen their cooperation on combating the illicit drug trade and reducing illegal immigration through Central America to the United States. The Vice President expressed his appreciation for Costa Rica's constructive stance in favor of the constitutional order and respect for human rights in Venezuela. The two leaders pledged to continue their dialogue on bilateral issues and maintain strong relations between the United States and Costa Rica.

13 марта, 12:01

Quotation of the Day…

(Don Boudreaux) Tweet… is from page 123 of my Mercatus Center colleague Dan Griswold’s splendid 2009 book, Mad About Trade (footnote deleted): Even when the U.S. government loses a case brought against it in the WTO, the American people usually win.  That’s because the questionable trade barriers our own government is trying to defend often benefit the […]

11 марта, 21:00

A Satire Website Posted Fake News To Trump Supporters. Many Believed It.

function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible); The idea was simple enough: publish as many absurd, obviously fake stories imaginable, and see if anyone actually falls for it. The results of this experiment were both fascinating and disheartening.  “BREAKING: Satire Makes Fools Of Gullible Trump Supporters.” That’s the headline James McDaniel published on his intentionally fake news website, UndergroundNewsReport.com, earlier this month. Within just two weeks of his website going online, McDaniel had already amassed more than a million views, thousands of comments on his stories, and hundreds of thousands of “likes” and “shares” on Facebook.  “While writing them, I was aiming for stories that no one would believe, but rather would be satirical in an age where disinformation is so prevalent,” McDaniel wrote on his website. “Just for fun, I decided to post some of the stories in Trump fan groups on Facebook to see the reactions.” One fake story, headlined “Wikileaks: Obama Ran Pedophile Ring Out Of Whitehouse” amassed more than 40,000 views. Published in February, the top comment reads: “I believe it. They are scum. Down with the obama’s his it wife (sic) are him took 111 million dollars worth of stuff that should be repaid back to the taxpayers. Back to America.” McDaniel created fake news suggesting Michelle Obama had a sex change and Barack Obama tweeted out that “Trump must be removed by any means necessary.”  “To my surprise, the Trump masses embraced my stories as fact, almost universally,” McDaniel wrote. “It seemed that there wasn’t anything I could write that was too wild or outrageous to be believed by this particular audience.” In a fake post about how the singer Adele told BBC news that Obama “should be in jail,” one of the top comments, posted Feb. 24, gushed over the fake news website. “I’m impressed by how this website tells us like it is,” the commenter wrote. “No sensationalism at all – straight facts and well documented research, with sources and all. Thank god for the alternative media, that saves us from the mainstream garbage by showing us the truth.” McDaniel, a 28-year-old U.S. citizen living in Costa Rica, told The Independent his website made him about $615, which he said he planned to donate to the 2020 Democratic presidential nominee. “I was startled that in today’s world, so many could be so willfully ignorant,” McDaniel wrote on his website. “It’s truly a frightening time when a group of people screaming, “FAKE NEWS!” at the top of their lungs, live, eat and sleep falsehoods.” His previous stories now have a link at the bottom to his confession post. But it’s unlikely that will stop many from still supporting false claims. The top comment at the end of McDaniel’s confession post seems to prove his point. It reads simply: “Funny, I did’t fall for your FAKE STORIES, but FYI…Obama IS gay…there are TWO dead people that testified to it…so…you are proud of yourself for spreading FAKE news, huh? POS rag (sic).” -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

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08 марта, 20:00

Mexico files WTO complaint against Costa Rica over restrictions on avocado imports

On 8 March Mexico notified the WTO Secretariat that it had requested WTO dispute consultations with Costa Rica regarding certain measures imposed by Costa Rica that allegedly restrict or prohibit the import of fresh avocados from Mexico, as well as the alleged failure by Costa Rica to implement, or recognize in its internal regulations, certain obligations contained in the WTO’s Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement).

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07 марта, 05:00

Deconstructing income inequality in Costa Rica: an income source decomposition approach

Despite an improvement in overall macroeconomic performance in Costa Rica, income inequality has risen and is currently at its maximum historical value.