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04 декабря, 12:01

Фальшивое посольство США обнаружено в Гане

Фальшивое посольство США, которое действовало в Гане в течение приблизительно 10 лет, наконец, было обнаружено и закрыто

01 декабря, 12:25

Golar Receives First Cash from Ghana LNG Project

Shipowner Golar LNG has finally received a payment on its FSRU Golar Tundra, the ship which this summer looked set to become west Africa’s first LNG import terminal but instead sailed into a political quagmire. But Golar said in its 3Q results on November 30 it remains in dispute with...

25 ноября, 12:00

Total to Operate Ivorian LNG Import Terminal

The CI-GNL (Ivory Coast LNG) consortium has been awarded rights to build and operate a LNG regasification terminal in Cote d’Ivoire with a capacity of 3mn mt/yr (4.15bn m³/yr), announced Total November 25. The decision, announced by the Ivorian government on October 4, was followed by the...

15 ноября, 14:54

Лидер футбольной сборной Франции спародировал Конора Макгрегора

На тренировочном занятии перед товарищеским матчем Франция — Кот-д'Ивуар 23-летний хавбек клуба "Манчестер Юнайтед" прошёлся походкой звезды UFC Конора Макгрегора.    В минувшие выходные Макгрегор нокаутировал американца Эдди Альвареса на турнире UFS 205, который прошёл в Нью-Йорке. После уверенной победы ирландец "кривлялся" и ходил самоуверенной походкой, которую и повторил Погба. Позже Макгрегор отказался принять вызов российского бойца Хабиба Нурмагомедова. 

05 ноября, 07:00

Кардашьян обзавидуется: Африканка с самыми большими бедрами покорила соцсети

Модель Эудокси Яо из Кот-д'Ивуар покорила мужскую половину соцсетей. Девушка по пышности своих бедер, возможно, даст фору знаменитой Ким Кардашьян и может называться обладательницей самых больших ягодиц в западной Африке. Эудокси Яо. Фото instagram Свои снимки Эудокси она публикует на странице в Instagram. На них она, независимо от ракурса, акцентирует внимание поклонников на своей самой выдающейся части тела.   Необычная внешность и огромные бедра позволили Яо стать моделью plus-size, пишет Dni.ru. Она зарабатывает, появляясь на различных телешоу и мероприятиях. Как и ее кумир Ким Кардашьян, девушка продает фотографии, а также рекламирует определенные продукты. Издание не уточняет, сколько именно зарабатывает обладательница крутых бедер, но отмечает, что формы принесли Яо "небольшое состояние". Эудокси отвергла все предположения о пластических операциях, заявив, что ее бедра и ягодицы "на сто процентов натуральные". На данный момент у странички Яо в Instagram 127 тысяч подписчиков. Так что еще одним источником ее дохода стали различные рекламные посты в соцсети. Читайте также: Пьяная Мадонна опозорилась на фотовыставке в Лондоне (фото)>> Гигантская паучиха размером с собаку взорвала Интернет (фото)>> В России ворона помогла приставу найти алиментщицу на кладбище>> В Актау романтик украл цветы в магазине и раздарил их девушкам на улице>> Казахская кухня вошла в ТОП-5 самых нездоровых в мире>>

02 ноября, 04:38

Doing Business: Not Just About the Numbers

Doing Business, the annual report that ranks countries and cities on their business regulations, is not just about numbers. It is the culmination of a long journey by many governments to undertake important reforms to their investment climates. The work on the ground that makes these rankings possible happens long before the report is released - across sectors, in institutions supporting the business environment, in firms whose productivity helps economies increase growth and further development, and in global communities that work together to increase competitiveness and the wealth of all people. This year's report, Doing Business 2017: Equal Opportunity for All, released on October 25 ranks 190 countries and awards the top spots for business efficiency to New Zealand; Singapore; Denmark; Hong Kong SAR; China; Republic of Korea; Norway; the United Kingdom; the United States; Sweden; and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The countries covered by the report range from tiny island states to those with the world's largest populations. In many of these countries - large and small - the World Bank Group, led by staff in its Trade & Competitiveness Global Practice, works directly with governments to build stronger, more resilient and inclusive economies through improvements to the business environment. For example, seven of the top ten reforming countries in Doing Business 2017--Belarus, Georgia, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Pakistan, and Serbia--improved their business environments with the help of T&C advisory projects. All told, Doing Business recorded 283 reforms around the world in the past year; 121 of those, or 43 percent, were achieved with T&C's help. The core objective of our work is to support governments as they improve regulations that impact areas like starting a business, getting access to credit, protecting investors and obtaining construction permits. In a number of these we work closely with our colleagues in other areas of the World Bank Group, practices such as Finance & Markets. The results we look for include reducing the cost and time involved in starting a business and easing uncertainty for businesses and investors. Much of this work is done hand in hand with policy-makers, often at the request of the countries themselves. Over 80 countries have turned to the Bank Group for support over the past 8 years, and improvements being seen in this Doing Business report are the results of the implementation of broad reform programs going back several year. For instance, Albania was recognized this year for its moratorium on the issuance of construction permits - often an arduous and expensive process for businesses in the construction sector. But the engagement started over two years ago responding to a request by the Ministry of Economic Development. The initial technical assistance laid the groundwork for a Competitiveness project and a follow-on advisory agreement. The program supported not only a new law on territorial planning, the decision on lifting the moratorium on issuing permits, and the implementation of an electronic platform for permits, but also the removal of barriers to foreign direct investment and advice on improving competitiveness and attracting investments in certain agribusiness (or horticulture) value chains. In Belarus, we are collaborating with the country's Customs agency to reduce trade costs for exporters and importers. A study initiated by the Bank Group in 2015 examined cargo crossing at three border points in Belarus and identified opportunities to improve physical infrastructure, customs risk management systems, and relevant business processes. Taking cues from this study, our team in Europe and Central Asia is now working with Belarus Customs on improving aspects of the country's risk management, including post-customs control, and inter-agency information sharing. And in Kenya, support from the Bank Group's Investment Climate Program 2 led to the enactment of four landmark business climate laws in 2015. The Special Economic Zones (SEZ) Act; the Companies Act 2015; the Insolvency Act 2015; and the Business Registration Act 2015. These laws have the potential to empower the private sector to grow, thrive and contribute to the country's economic growth. The SEZ law, for instance, arises from demands by the private sector to enable them to invest in various zones in the country and, just like the Business Registration Act 2015, it allows for the establishment of an autonomous agency to guide and regulate business corporations. The Companies Act introduces provisions in the country's old Companies Act that deal with the use of lawyers in companies, introduces standard articles of association to the business registration that makes registration easier, enables corporate governance rules to be better enforced and enhances liabilities for directors who do not deal correctly with company assets. Today, Kenya is a global success story and led Sub-Saharan African countries on this year's Doing Business list of reformers. Brand new in this year's report: whether business regulations in the countries measured provide women and men the same opportunities and protections. In many countries they still don't. In some countries women's testimonies have less value in court. In 23 economies women need additional authorizations to engage in business. The Trade & Competitiveness Global Practice has been working with governments and women's associations in several countries to increase awareness of women's rights and decrease gender discrimination in regulations. In Cote d'Ivoire and Togo legislation was changed to address legal impediments to women's economic participation. In Sierra Leone, we have been working to abolish discriminatory provisions particularly in the mining sector. Something else is different this year. While five or six years ago, many of the top improvers were smaller countries such as Rwanda or Colombia, increasingly large emerging markets are taking on a reform agenda and approaching the Bank Group for support. This year, Indonesia and Pakistan were recognized for implementing reform programs spanning more than three areas of regulation with substantial movement towards global best practice. India continued on the reform path it started two years ago under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, facilitating trade by launching the trade portal ICEGATE, streamlining bureaucratic requirements, and introducing commercial divisions at the courts. It also continues to work on the implementation of a new insolvency code and the introduction of a goods and services tax. Brazil also introduced reforms to facilitate trade and commercial dispute resolution, and Russia improved its construction permits regime. These countries are increasingly recognizing the importance of business regulation in improving the competitiveness of their economies. This is evident by the high level attention given to coordination mechanisms in charge of doing business reforms which are often chaired by presidents or prime ministers. For example, Nigeria just created a Presidential Council to oversee an ease of doing business reform program, and the Philippines made easing doing business one of its top three priorities. Between 2015 and 2016, with support from our partners in the Facility for Investment Climate Advisory Services, the Trade & Competitiveness global practice helped bring about 76 investment climate reforms in 41 countries. In the last five years, countries have achieved a total of 341 reforms. Nearly three out of four reforms were in the world's poorest countries; two-thirds were in Sub-Saharan Africa; and one-third were in states affected by fragility and conflict. We know that both the business environment (the regulatory environment that governs the cost of doing business) and firm-specific factors (entrepreneurship, skills, access to credit and markets) impact businesses; and that having a healthy, vibrant, barrier-free business ecosystem is critical to economic development. The Doing Business report continues to be a benchmarking tool for governments around the world and a driver for broad competitiveness reform programs. The Trade & Competitiveness Global Practice of the World Bank Group will continue to use this data and other analytical tools to engage in long-term partnerships with countries who want to enable private initiative and boost economic growth for all of their citizens. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

31 октября, 13:00

Organic Farming Entrepreneurs

From Agribusiness TV:Ollasset Djoro AHOUO is a young entrepreneur in Cote d’Ivoire. In 2009, she leaves the faculty of medicine to study agriculture. Today, she produces and markets organic fruits and vegetables.

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28 октября, 12:10

Total's Start-ups Cushion Low Price Impact

Total reported October 28 a profit of $1.95bn for Q3, up 81% year on year. Adjusted for replacement costs and excluding special items, its profit was down 25% at $2.1bn. The decline is not as steep as some of its peers, thanks to the cushion provided by more production from the French major's field...

21 октября, 14:00

The Comprehensive Business Case for Sustainability

Today’s executives are dealing with a complex and unprecedented brew of social, environmental, market, and technological trends. These require sophisticated, sustainability-based management. Yet executives are often reluctant to place sustainability core to their company’s business strategy in the mistaken belief that the costs outweigh the benefits. On the contrary, academic research and business experience point to quite the opposite. Embedded sustainability efforts clearly result in a positive impact on business performance.  Drawing from our own research and our colleagues’ research in this area, we have created a sustainability business case for the 21st century corporate executive. Hoping to alleviate their concerns, this article also provides concrete examples of how sustainability benefits the bottom line. For the purpose of this article, we define sustainable practices as those that: 1) at minimum do not harm people or the planet and at best create value for stakeholders and 2) focus on improving environmental, social, and governance (ESG) performance in the areas in which the company or brand has a material environmental or social impact (such as in their operations, value chain, or customers). We exclude companies with a traditional CSR program that supports employee volunteering in the community – this does not by itself qualify as sustainability. Driving competitive advantage through stakeholder engagement Traditional business models aim to create value for shareholders, often at the expense of other stakeholders. Sustainable businesses are redefining the corporate ecosystem by designing models that create value for all stakeholders, including employees, shareholders, supply chains, civil society, and the planet. Michel Porter and Mark Kramer pioneered the idea of “creating shared value,” arguing that businesses can generate economic value by identifying and addressing social problems that intersect with their business. Much of the strategic value of sustainability comes from the need to continually talk with and learn from key stakeholders. Through regular dialogue with stakeholders and continual iteration, a company with a sustainability agenda is better positioned to anticipate and react to economic, social, environmental, and regulatory changes as they arise. When firms fail to establish good relationships with their stakeholders, it can lead to increased conflict and reduced stakeholder cooperation. This can disrupt a firm’s ability to operate on schedule and budget.  A study of the gold mining industry, for example, found that stakeholder relations can heavily influence land permitting, taxation, and the regulatory environment, thus playing a substantial role in determining whether a firm has the right to transform gold into shareholder capital – therefore, as the study authors wrote, stakeholder engagement “is not just corporate social responsibility but enlightened self-interest.” Improving risk management Supply chains today extend around the world, and are vulnerable to natural disasters and civil conflict. Climate change, water scarcity, and poor labor conditions in much of the world increase the risk. McKinsey reports that the value at stake from sustainability concerns can be as a high as 70% of earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization. In the largest study on climate change data and corporations, 8,000 supplier companies (that sell to 75 multinationals) reported on their level of climate risk. Of the respondents, 72% said that climate change presents risks that could significantly impact their operations, revenue, or expenditures. Unlike traditional forms of business risk, social and environmental risks manifest themselves over a longer term, often affect the business on many dimensions, and are largely outside the organization’s control. Managing risks therefore requires making investment decisions today for longer-term capacity building and developing adaptive strategies. In the agriculture, food, and beverage sector, the impacts of climate change have the potential to alter growing conditions and seasons, increase pests and disease, and decrease crop yields. Disruptions in the supply chain may affect production processes that depend on unpriced natural capital assets such as biodiversity, groundwater, clean air, and climate. These unpriced natural capital costs are generally internalized until events like floods or droughts cause disruption to production processes or commodity price fluctuation. For example, Bunge, an agribusiness firm, reported a $56 million quarterly loss in its sugar and bioenergy segments due to drought in 2010. Flooding in 2011 in Thailand, harmed 160 companies in the textile industry and halted nearly a quarter of the country’s garment production, increasing global prices by 28%. To address these threats along their supply chain, companies like Mars, Unilever, and Nespresso have invested in Rainforest Alliance certification to help farmers deal with climate volatility, reduce land degradation, and increase resilience to drought and humidity—all of which ensure the long-term supply of their agricultural products. Certification also improves productivity and net income:   According to an independent study by COSA, Rainforest Alliance reported that certified cocoa farmers in Cote d’Ivoire, for example, produced 1,270 pounds of cocoa per hectare, compared with 736 pounds per hectare on non-certified farms. Net income was also significantly higher on certified cocoa farms than noncertified: $403 versus $113 USD per hectare. Companies are also experiencing risks in their manufacturing due to resource depletion – particularly water. Water has largely been considered a free raw material and therefore used inefficiently, but many companies are now experiencing the higher costs of using the resource. Coca-Cola, for example, faced a water shortage in India that forced it to shut down one of its plants in 2004. As the 24th biggest industrial consumer of water, Coca Cola has now invested $2 billion to reduce water use and improve water quality in the communities in which it operates. SabMiller has also invested heavily in water conservation, including $6 million to improve equipment at a facility in Tanzania affected by deteriorating water quality. Water-related risks threaten to strand billions of dollars for mining, oil, and gas companies. “Stranded assets” are investments that become obsolete due to regulatory, environmental, or market constraints. For example, social conflict related to disruptions to water supplies in Peru has resulted in the indefinite suspension of $21.5 billion in mining projects since 2010. Fostering innovation Investing in sustainability is not only a risk management tool; it can also drive innovation.  Redesigning products to meet environmental standards or social needs offers new business opportunities. 3M, for example, integrates sustainability into its innovation pipeline through its “Pollution Prevention Pays” program, which aims to proactively minimize waste and avoid pollution through product reformulation, equipment redesign, process modification, and waste recycling. 3M’s Novec fire suppression fluids are the first viable, sustainable alternative to hydrofluorocarbons. Nike embedded sustainability into its innovation process and created the $1 billion-plus Flyknit line, which uses a specialized yarn system, requiring minimal labor and generating large profit margins. Flyknit reduces waste by 80% compared with regular cut and sew footwear.   Since its launch in 2012, Flyknit has reduced 3.5 million pounds of waste and fully transitioned from yarn to recycled polyester, diverting 182 million bottles from landfills. Recognizing the growing consumer interest in sustainable products and looking to solve consumer challenges such as high energy costs, CPG companies have developed new products to gain access to this market. Proctor & Gamble, for example, conducted a life cycle assessment of its products and found that U.S. households spend 3% of annual electricity budgets on heating water to wash clothes. In 2005, they launched a U.S. and European line of cold-water detergents that require 50% less energy than warm water washing. Facing strict regulation on chemical release and competition from flowers from Africa, the Dutch flower industry developed a closed-loop system that grows flowers hydroponically in greenhouses, lowering risk of infestation and reducing the use of fertilizers and pesticides. The system also improves product quality by creating regulated growing conditions. Their innovative system has increased productivity and quality, reduced environmental impact and costs, and increased global competitiveness. Improving Financial Performance Many business leaders have the erroneous perception that one can have profits or sustainability, but not both.  This probably has its roots in Milton Friedman’s 50-year old, but still influential, thesis that the only business of a business is profit as well as a hangover from the 1970s and 80s, when low quality, high priced environmental products failed in the market and early socially responsible investing delivered low returns. That conventional wisdom has now reversed. In addition to the financial benefits that accrue from increased competitive advantage and innovation as discussed earlier, companies are realizing significant cost savings through environmental sustainability-related operational efficiencies. Moreover, investors are now able to track the high performers on ESG (environmental, social and governance factors) and are correlating better financial performance with better ESG performance. Significant cost reductions can result from improving operational efficiency through better management of natural resources like water and energy, as well as minimizing waste. One study estimated that companies experience an average internal rate of return of 27% to 80% on their low carbon investments. Since 1994, Dow has invested nearly $2 billion in improving resource efficiency and has saved $9.8 billion from reduced energy and wastewater consumption in manufacturing.  In 2013, GE had reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 32% and water use by 45% compared to 2004 and 2006 baselines, respectively, resulting in $300 million in savings. A focus on sustainability can also unlock opportunities for process and logistics savings. Wal-Mart, for example, aimed to double fleet efficiency between 2005 and 2015 through better routing, truck loading, driver training, and advanced technologies. By the end of 2014, they had improved fuel efficiency approximately 87% compared to the 2005 baseline. In that year, these improvements resulted in 15,000 metric tons of CO2 emissions avoided and savings of nearly $11 million. Mounting evidence shows that sustainable companies deliver significant positive financial performance, and investors are beginning to value them more highly. Arabesque and University of Oxford reviewed the academic literature on sustainability and corporate performance and found that 90% of 200 studies analyzed conclude that good ESG standards lower the cost of capital; 88% show that good ESG practices result in better operational performance; and 80% show that stock price performance is positively correlated with good sustainability practices. Here are some other datapoints to consider: Between 2006 and 2010, the top 100 sustainable global companies experienced significantly higher mean sales growth, return on assets, profit before taxation, and cash flows from operations in some sectors compared to control companies. During the 2008 recession, companies committed to sustainability practices achieved “above average” performance in the financial markets during the 2008 recession, translating into an average of $650 million in incremental market capitalization per company. Additionally, companies with superior environmental performance experienced lower cost of debt by 40-45 basis points. Studies also suggest that companies with strong corporate responsibility reputations “experience no meaningful declines in share price compared to their industry peers during crises” versus firms with poor CSR reputations whose reputations declined by “2.4-3%; a market capitalization loss of $378M per firm.” Investors are paying attention. According to the 2015 EY Global Institutional Investor Survey, investors are increasingly using companies’ nonfinancial disclosures to inform their investment decisions. In its survey of over 200 institutional investors, 59.1% of respondents view nonfinancial disclosures as “essential” or “important” to investment decisions, up from 34.8% in 2014. Some 62.4% of investors are concerned about the risk of stranded assets (i.e. assets that lose value prematurely due to environmental, social, or other external factors) and over one-third of respondents reported cutting their holdings of a company in the past year because of this risk. Building Customer Loyalty Companies are skeptical about consumer interest in sustainable products – especially where willingness-to-pay is concerned.  Some of that is self-inflicted, as early on companies tended to increase “sustainable” product prices substantially and in some cases sold inferior products (e.g. pricy natural cleaning products that did not work). However, a shift is occurring in the minds of consumers. Today’s consumers expect more transparency, honesty, and tangible global impact from companies and can choose from a raft of sustainable, competitively priced, high quality products.  In fact, one study found that among numerous factors surveyed, the news coverage regarding environmental and social responsibility was the only significant factor that affected respondents’ evaluation of a firm and intent to buy. Nearly two-thirds of consumers across six international markets believe they “have a responsibility to purchase products that are good for the environment and society” — 82% in emerging markets and 42% in developed markets. In the food and beverage industry, a growing number of consumers are considering values beyond price and taste in their purchasing decisions, such as safety, social impact, and transparency. Far from feeling skittish about buying sustainable products, today’s consumers perceive a higher level of product performance in products from sustainable companies and sustainability information has a significantly positive impact on consumers’ evaluation of a company, which translates into purchase intent. The results of these studies support that consumers in a post-Recession era are shifting purchasing decisions to brands with integrity, social responsibility, and sustainability at their core. In fact, Unilever claims its “brands with purpose” are growing at twice the rate as others in their portfolio. Companies can also charge higher price premiums based on positive corporate responsibility performance. These premiums can reach 20% according to some estimates. Moreover, some studies show that overall sales revenue can increase up to 20% due to corporate responsibility practices. Another study found that revenues from sustainable products and services grew at six times the rate of overall company revenues between 2010 and 2013, among the 12 members of the S&P Global 100 sampled (Singer, 2015). GE’s Ecomagination division, for example, has generated $200 billion in sales since 2005. IKEA’s line of sustainable products like LED bulbs and solar panels from its Products for a More Sustainable Life at Home now generate a billion dollars. Attracting and Engaging Employees Corporate sustainability initiatives aimed at improving ESG performance and proving value to society can increase employee loyalty, efficiency, and productivity and improve HR statistics related to recruitment, retention, and morale. Research is finding that 21st century employees are focusing more on mission, purpose, and work-life balance. Companies that invest in sustainability initiatives tend to create sought-after culture and engagement due to company strategy focusing more on purpose and providing value to society.  In addition, companies who embed sustainability in their core business strategy treat employees as critical stakeholders, just as important as shareholders. Employees are proud to work there and feel part of a broader effort. One study found that morale was 55% better in companies with strong sustainability programs, compared to those with poor ones, and employee loyalty was 38% better. Better morale and motivation translate into reduced absenteeism and improved productivity. Firms that adopted environmental standards have seen a 16% increase in productivity over firms that did not adopt sustainability practices. Corporate responsibility performance also positively impacts turnover and recruitment. Studies show that firms with greater corporate responsibility performance can reduce average turnover over time by 25-50%. It can also reduce annual quit rates by 3-3.5%, saving replacement costs up to 90%-200% of an employee’s annual salary for each retained position. *** The preponderance of evidence shows that sustainability is going mainstream.  Executives can no longer afford to approach sustainability as a “nice to have” or as solid function separated from the “real” business.  Those companies that proactively make sustainability core to business strategy will drive innovation and engender enthusiasm and loyalty from employees, customers, suppliers, communities and investors.

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14 октября, 20:32

Driving an Important Point Home

(Don Boudreaux) TweetComes this e-mail to me today from one Mr. Bintou Ojabo, with the subject line reading “I need your full trust”: DEAR ONE, PLEASE PERMIT ME TO INTRODUCE MY SELF TO YOU, MY NAME IS BINTOU OJABO, I AM 19 YEARS OLD, I AM THE ONLY CHILD OF LATE MR.DAVID OJABO WHO WAS A FAMOUS […]

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11 октября, 19:38

Футболист ПСЖ Орье спас жизнь игроку "Ростова" во время матча отбора к ЧМ-2018

Во время матча Кот-д'Ивуар - Мали у Муссы Думбия случился приступ эпилепсии, а Орье сразу же оказал ему первую помощь и не дал проглотить язык

06 октября, 19:20

Cote d'Ivoire Names 7-Way FSRU Partnership

Cote d’Ivoire energy minister Adama Toungara signed a ‘partnership’ agreement October 4 with seven companies for a floating LNG import terminal (FSRU) costing $200mn, targeting first LNG imports into the growing West African economy in mid-2018. But the seven-company structure looks...

06 октября, 19:20

Cote d'Ivoire Names 7-Way FSRU Partnership

Cote d’Ivoire energy minister Adama Toungara signed a ‘partnership’ agreement October 4 with seven companies for a floating LNG import terminal (FSRU) costing $200mn, targeting first LNG imports into the growing West African economy in mid-2018. But the seven-company structure looks...

02 октября, 14:30

Want to be a ‘foreign agent’? Serve in Congress first

Former members of Congress make millions of dollars representing countries that straddle the line between allies and headaches for U.S.

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26 сентября, 18:15

Two New Ivorian Gasfields Onstream

Two new gasfields have been brought onstream in Block CI-27 offshore Cote d'Ivoire following the completion of a four-year, $850mn development led by Foxtrot International, announced Oslo-listed RAK Petroleum September 26. The two fields, Marlin and Manta, involved the installation of a four-legged...

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21 сентября, 17:46

FACT SHEET: U.S.-Africa Cooperation on Trade and Investment Under the Obama Administration

Africa’s immense economic potential, increasing integration into global markets, expanding infrastructure, and demographic boom provide a remarkable opportunity to enhance U.S. trade and investment ties across the continent.  African countries are tackling economic challenges by diversifying their economies, streamlining regional and global economic cooperation, and innovating to overcome barriers to trade and investment.  The United States is committed to being a partner in these efforts, including through initiatives such as the Doing Business in Africa Campaign, Power Africa, and Trade Africa.  Taking into account these and other efforts, at the 2014 U.S.-Africa Business Forum (USABF) co-hosted by the U.S. Department of Commerce (Commerce) and Bloomberg Philanthropies, $33 billion in commitments, including $14 billion in private sector deals and commitments, were made to support economic growth across Africa.  Over the last two years, Commerce has tracked nearly $15 billion in additional private sector deals reached between U.S. and African partners, and from 2008 to 2015 U.S. direct investment in Africa rose from $37 billion to $64 billion on a historic-cost basis - an increase of more than 70 percent.  That’s more than double the total global official development assistance that went to Africa in 2015.  ‎Today’s U.S.-Africa Business Forum builds upon the partnerships created in 2014 with new commitments to mobilize an additional $9.1 billion in trade and investment to support the development of Africa’s consumer goods, construction, energy, healthcare, manufacturing, telecommunications, and transportation sectors.  The U.S. Government has Expanded its Presence and Economic Engagement in Africa Since 2008, Commerce has doubled its presence on the continent, opening new offices in Angola, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Mozambique, expanding its presence in Ghana, and re-establishing a presence at the African Development Bank.  The U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA) has opened an office in Nigeria and restarted work in Kenya, and the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) opened offices in Kenya, South Africa and Cote d’Ivoire.  The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has deployed more than 40 field-based transaction advisors in sub-Saharan Africa to track projects for potential Power Africa support and to provide technical support to improve the enabling environment for private sector investment in the energy sector.  In addition to expanding their physical presence, economic and development agencies have significantly expanded their portfolios on the continent:  OPIC has tripled its portfolio in Africa since 2009, and investments in Africa now represent nearly a third of OPIC’s total portfolio.  OPIC has committed more than $7 billion in financing and insurance to projects in Africa, and these commitments have mobilized more than $14 billion in additional investments into highly impactful sectors in Africa like clean energy, telecom, healthcare, education, and microfinance. USTDA has more than doubled the size of its Africa portfolio in the last eight years, supporting 135 projects across 14 countries.  This early-stage investment, which has the potential to mobilize more than $17 billion in private and public financing, has already helped to realize $2.5 billion in U.S. exports.  From 2009-2016, Export-Import Bank of the United States (EXIM Bank) authorizations doubled in Sub-Saharan Africa as compared to the previous eight-year period, and rose across all of Africa by 45 percent.  In the past five years EXIM Bank has approved more than $6.3 billion in financing for U.S. exports to sub-Saharan Africa, including a record $2.1 billion in fiscal year 2014. Twenty of the Millennium Challenge Corporation’s (MCC’s) signed compacts are with African countries, totaling $7.9 billion and representing approximately 68 percent of MCC’s total compact portfolio.  In addition, 11 of MCC’s threshold programs are with African countries, totaling more than $203 million.  Since 2008, the U.S. African Development Foundation (USADF) commitment to Africa has grown with entry into 8 new countries.  USADF has opened African-led program offices in each country, with African country teams that manage nearly $25 million active projects The Department of the Treasury has committed to double resources for the domestic resource mobilization work of the Office of Technical Assistance (OTA) by 2020, which will expand support for building effective revenue and expenditure systems.  OTA has increasingly focused on Africa, with projects in sub-Saharan Africa making up approximately one third of its portfolio. The Administration has Expanded Access to U.S. Government Tools that Support Our Trade and Investment with Africa The U.S. Government, across a dozen Departments and Agencies, offers a suite of financial and technical tools and programs to support U.S. businesses looking to trade with and invest in Africa, including financing for overseas investments; export credit and political risk insurance; partial loan and risk guarantees; support for project preparation, feasibility studies and training; and export counseling and market analysis.  Diplomatic engagement by the State Department also supports American firms and promotes host government reforms that improve investment environments.  ­­ In 2012, the Administration launched the Doing Business in Africa (DBIA) Campaign to help make the U.S. Government’s resources more easily available to the U.S. private sector and African public and private sector partners.  At the 2014 Forum, the President announced the formation of an Advisory Council on DBIA to provide information, analysis, and recommendations on opportunities for the U.S. Government to promote broad-based economic growth in the United States and in Africa by encouraging U.S. companies to trade with and invest in Africa.  Today, the President welcomed the new members of the Advisory Council on DBIA, which was expanded from 15 to 24 members to ensure a more robust representation across U.S. industries. Since the DBIA Campaign was launched in 2012, Commerce has assisted more than 1,500 U.S. clients seeking to export to African countries.  Since 2009, Commerce’s International Buyer Program has helped bring 522 delegations and 8,123 buyers from Africa to U.S. trade shows, and Commerce has taken 283 U.S. companies on trade missions to Africa.  Commerce’s Minority Business Development Agency has sponsored the African Global Pathways initiative, which provides minority-owned firms access to expert consulting services that promote U.S.-Africa business linkages.  USTDA has hosted African government and business leaders on more than 40 reverse trade missions to the United States since 2008 – helping to generate over $135 million in U.S. exports to Africa.  OPIC has also led investor delegations to Liberia, Sierra Leone, Cote d'Ivoire, and Senegal to identify ripe opportunities and encourage investment, and MCC conducted its first ever investment mission to Tanzania and Malawi.  Earlier this week, the Department of Commerce and leaders from East Africa announced new steps they plan to take to support tourism, cold chain development, and infrastructure in that region.  At the USABF, Commerce and the Nigerian Ministry of Industry, Trade and Investment are announcing the establishment of the U.S.-Nigeria Commercial and Investment Dialogue to sustain engagement between our governments and private sectors in order to promote deeper trade and investment ties between the United States and Nigeria. The U.S. government is also working to make it easier for U.S. companies to invest and work in Africa.  The Department of Transportation (DOT) continues to work with African governments to improve transportation infrastructure, modernize laws and regulations governing transportation, reduce technical barriers to trade through harmonization of standards, and improve regional connectivity.  Under the Safe Skies for Africa program, DOT has completed more than 100 training courses and workshops to facilitate African aviation professional’s exposure and adherence to international aviation standards.  And today, the Department of Agriculture (USDA) is making up to $100 million in credit guarantees available to establish or upgrade facilities or infrastructure in Africa and elsewhere, enhancing countries’ ability to import U.S. agricultural commodities. In addition to in-person resources, departments and agencies are expanding access to online resources.  Commerce launched a One-Stop-Shop website to offer American businesses and entrepreneurs real-time access to critical African market information, financing tools available to them, projects to consider, and key contacts.  The Department of Energy (DOE) developed the online “Clean Energy Solutions Center,” which connects policymakers in Africa with experts and best practice resources to help governments design and adopt policies that support the deployment of clean energy technologies, including by harmonizing these policies with countries’ Intended Nationally Determined Contributions.  DOE also brought together world class industry experts and emerging natural gas producers and consumers in sub-Saharan Africa to create a "Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Handbook," which will help foster a shared understanding between government officials and private companies of the factors that lead to successful LNG projects.  Commerce’s Commercial Law Development Program and the African Development Bank’s (AfDB’s) African Legal Support Facility released two handbooks under the auspices of Power Africa that are helping to strengthen the capacity of African governments to negotiate fair and transparent power deals.  Today, MCC launched a new collaboration with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to catalyze investment in the developing world by sharing economic analysis and identifying potential partnerships and investment opportunities.  Through Power Africa, launched in 2013, the U.S. Government and a coalition of more than 130 public and private sector partners are working to double access to electricity in sub-Saharan Africa.  At the 2014 USABF, the President pledged new funding to expand Power Africa’s reach to all of sub-Saharan Africa, and announced a new aggregate goal of adding 30,000 megawatts (MW) of new, cleaner electricity and increasing electricity access by at least 60 million new connections.  Power Africa is providing support for projects expected to generate more than 29,000 MW, and this support has already helped transactions expected to generate more than 4,600 MW of generation reach financial close.  Through the combined efforts of Power Africa’s strategic partners, including the World Bank Group, the AfDB, the European Union, and the Governments of Sweden, the United Kingdom, Norway, and Canada, Power Africa is on track to meet its goals by 2030.  In August 2016, Power Africa announced a new partnership with the Government of Japan, through which Japan committed to bring 1,200 MW of electricity to sub-Saharan Africa by the end of 2018.  To date, Power Africa’s initial $7 billion commitment has mobilized more than $52 billion in additional external commitments, including more than $40 billion in private sector commitments to invest in power generation and distribution across sub-Saharan Africa.   By demonstrating that renewable power transactions are financially viable, improving the performance of utilities, changing the regulatory mind-set on renewables, and harmonizing policies to drive investment and stability, Power Africa is also playing a critical role in advancing affordable, reliable, and modern energy services and substantially increasing the share of renewable energy in sub-Saharan Africa – which currently represents three quarters of the projects Power Africa is supporting.  Through the U.S.-Africa Clean Energy Finance (ACEF) Initiative, OPIC and USTDA have provided critical early-stage project preparation support for 34 renewable energy projects in ten African countries.  Already, 15 ACEF projects have secured project financing, which is leading to increased power generation capacity and expanded access to electricity.  For example, since receiving ACEF funding from OPIC in 2013, Off-Grid Electric has expanded solar energy provision in Tanzania from 2,000 households to more than 100,000.   A grant from the USTDA to Rwandan company Amahoro Energy Ltd. to develop two run-of river hydropower plants helped open up Rwanda’s hydropower sector to eight other projects, in addition to providing electricity to the Shyira Hospital and 22,500 households in rural Rwanda.   Power Africa has also facilitated the signing of 14 Independent Power Purchase Agreements to develop 1,125 MW of new solar power in Nigeria, and through a partnership with Lekela Power, OPIC will support the development, construction and operation of a 158.7 MW wind farm in Senegal, which will boost Senegal's generation capacity by nearly a quarter and provide a critical foundation for its power generation and sustainable energy growth plan.  Through the Power Africa Off-Grid Energy Challenge, in partnership with GE Africa, USADF has awarded 50 grants totaling an investment of $5 million to African energy entrepreneurs who have leveraged their awards to bring electricity, from solar micro-grids to biogas, to rural communities living beyond the grid.  Today, the USADF announced 21 new Off-Grid Energy Challenge grant winners and launched a new partnership with GE Africa focused on African women-owned and managed energy enterprises. The Trade Africa initiative, launched in 2013, has helped countries boost trade within Africa and between Africa and the United States, while reducing barriers to trade across borders on the continent.  Trade Africa has expanded to five additional countries, in addition to its original focus on the Partner States of the East African Community (EAC).  Since 2014, USAID regional Trade and Investment Hubs in Ghana, Kenya, and South Africa have facilitated more than $283 million in African exports to the United States and $140 million in U.S. investment in Africa.  The East Africa Hub has supported 29,000 new African jobs, and exports facilitated by the Hub has contributed to the 36 percent increase in EAC exports to the United States between 2013 and 2015.  Trade Africa has helped reduce cross-border transit times from key East African ports to land-locked interior destinations by as much as 80 percent – exceeding the initiative's 15 percent target – through its contribution to and leadership in the TradeMark East Africa initiative and the Hub's efforts to establish partner government joint border committees, support the development of "single windows" for traders to file paperwork, and facilitate the adoption of electronic data exchange systems.  Trade Africa has also facilitated successful policy dialogues on trade and investment issues, including an agreement to cooperate on World Trade Organization trade facilitation measures and enhancing food safety.  Today, USAID issued two reports on behalf of the Administration that highlight progress to date under the Trade Africa and Power Africa initiatives.  The Power Africa Annual Report complements the January 2016 Power Africa Roadmap, which describes the initiative’s path to achieving its ambitious access goals by 2030.  The Trade Africa Annual Report highlights the most significant impacts this initiative has had on trade between African countries and between Africa and the United States.  In addition, USTR issued a report entitled “Beyond AGOA: Looking at the Future of U.S.-Africa Trade and Investment”, which considers paths to deepen the U.S.-Africa trade and investment relationship, keeping pace with dramatic change in Africa. The United States is Supporting the Next Generation of African Leaders and Makers The United States also recognizes the role that young people play in supporting economic growth, including through entrepreneurship.  Africa’s large and growing youth population is central to achieving and maintaining Africa’s robust economic growth.  That is why the United States has held two Global Entrepreneurship Summits (GES) in Africa – in Morocco in 2014 and in Kenya in 2015 – showcasing the innovation and economic opportunities of both North and Sub-Saharan Africa.  Through the GES, the U.S. Government has mobilized more than $1 billion in capital for entrepreneurs across Africa and around the world.  At the 2015 GES, USAID, the United Kingdom, and the Shell Foundation, under the auspices of Power Africa, launched the Scaling Off-Grid Energy: Grand Challenge for Development, a $36 million investment to empower entrepreneurs and investors to connect 20 million households in sub-Saharan Africa to modern, clean, and affordable electricity.  As part of the Grand Challenge, USAID partnered with DOE and the Global Lighting and Energy Access Partnership to launch a refrigeration prize that will leverage $300,000 to catalyze technological advancements in off-grid refrigeration. Since 2010, the Young African Leaders Initiative (YALI) has engaged nearly 300,000 young Africans through the YALI Network, an online and in-person community of entrepreneurs, activists, and public servants working together to solve shared challenges for their continent and the world.  Since 2014, two thousand young people have participated in the Mandela Washington Fellows program, and thousands more have joined seminars and workshops at the four YALI Regional Leadership Centers in Accra, Dakar, Nairobi, and Pretoria.  The USADF has committed $7.5 million over three years to fund YALI entrepreneurs who are launching and expanding their businesses and social ventures across Sub-Saharan Africa.  In 2016 Mandela Washington Fellows were able to join the first sector-specific YALI training program at the YALI Energy Institute, a collaboration between USAID, the U.S. Department of State, the DOE’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and the University of California at Davis. The United States is Combatting Corruption at Home and Abroad We have also committed to continue and expand efforts combat to corruption at home and abroad, as we recognize corruption’s pernicious effects on inclusive economic growth, prosperity and sustainable development, as well as the obstacle that it continues to represent as we seek to grow trade and investment.  In 2014, President Obama announced the Partnership on Illicit Finance (PIF) at the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit, an initiative co-led by the United States and Senegal that brings together African partners and the United States to jointly tackle the challenges of corruption and other financial crimes.  This May, the United States launched its PIF National Action Plan, along with Senegal. The remaining six PIF partners are working to develop their plans, and we look forward to those plans being released soon.  We are also working together to combat corruption and to increase transparency and accountability in the region through the Open Government Partnership (OGP).  Participation from African countries in OGP is growing, and OGP can play an important role in addressing common governance challenges across the continent, including by engaging civil society and building trust in government.  In addition, in May 2016, President Obama announced several important steps we are taking in the United States to strengthen financial transparency, combat money laundering, corruption and tax evasion, and called upon Congress to take additional action to address these critical issues. 

14 сентября, 17:11

Statement by National Security Council Spokesperson Ned Price on Executive Order “Termination of Emergency with Respect to the Situation in or in relation to Cote d’Ivoire”

Today, the President signed an Executive Order which takes note of Côte d’Ivoire’s extraordinary progress since the end of its civil war in 2011, in particular its successful October 2015 presidential election and improvements managing the flow of arms and combating illicit trafficking of natural resources.  The United States congratulates the people of Côte d’Ivoire for their resilience and commitment to a future of peace, democracy, and inclusive prosperity.  Accordingly, the President has terminated the national emergency declared with respect to Côte d’Ivoire pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act in Executive Order 13396 of February 10, 2006 and lifted the economic sanctions imposed pursuant to that Order and related regulations.  Côte d’Ivoire has taken important steps to strengthen its governing and economic institutions and reconcile the differences that led to war.  Challenges remain as the country continues to tackle difficult land reform issues and works to ensure that the benefits of economic growth are felt throughout the Ivoirian population.  Côte d’Ivoire and its people are ready to overcome these challenges, and the United States will remain a steadfast partner as the Ivoirian people continue the vital work of national reconciliation and security sector reform.  The United States celebrates this milestone with Côte d’Ivoire and looks forward to welcoming many more achievements as the country retakes its place as an economic engine and vibrant democracy in West Africa.

29 августа, 15:45

Кот-д'Ивуар и Индонезия прогнозируют сокращение производства какао-бобов

Два из основных экспортеров какао-бобов - Кот-д'Ивуар и Индонезия - ожидают сокращения производства в текущем сельскохозяйственном году.