Международная морская организация
02 апреля, 08:00

Study evaluates refiners' options to meet 2020 bunker fuel sulfur rules

Global refiners are facing the need to modify their product slate to conform to increasingly strict environmental regulations by 2020 for fuel oil burned at sea. Chevron Lummus Global examines a series of revamp options available to refiners to meet the International Maritime Organization's new bunker fuel regulations while maximizing the economic benefits of their investment.

02 апреля, 07:01

Uncertainty looms over marine fuel sulfur limit: Fuel for Thought

In about 20 months, the shipping industry is going to start burning a fuel that today they know next to nothing about. The International Maritime Organization has set a January 2020 deadline for a new 0.5% sulfur limit on marine fuels. The move is poised to force most shipowners to switch from burning residual fuel […] The post Uncertainty looms over marine fuel sulfur limit: Fuel for Thought appeared first on The Barrel Blog.

29 марта, 09:17

Цена вопроса: $34 млрд. Почему тяжело следовать требованиям IMO по сокращению выброса серы

Через два года содержание серы в судовом топливе должно составлять не более 0,5%, с оснащением судна системой выхлопных газов, называемой скруббером (scrubber), или нет.

21 марта, 10:25

Why the container industry needs to replace BAF with a new pricing tool

The container industry has an elephant in the room. It’s big, smelly and has some serious boundary issues. Its name is the Bunker Adjustment Factor and recently it has grown so large that market players can barely see each other behind its fat bulk. It creates a lot of uncertainty and engenders a lack of […] The post Why the container industry needs to replace BAF with a new pricing tool appeared first on The Barrel Blog.

17 марта, 15:19

Заговорят ли скелеты из политического шкафа Терезы Мэй?

Постоянный представитель России при ООН Василий Небензя назвал высокопоставленных членов британского правительства «коллективным инспектором Лестрейдом» – туповатым сыщиком Скотленд-Ярда из рассказов Артура Конан Дойла про Шерлока Холмса. Случилось это в среду, на заседании Совета Безопасности ООН, который по требованию Великобритании обсуждал отравление бывшего офицера ГРУ Сергея Скрипаля и его дочери Юлии. Событие разрослось до масштабов мирового скандала.

16 марта, 21:19

U.S. Shale's Dirty (Big) Secret

Authored by Nick Cunningham via OilPrice.com, U.S. shale is surging, threatening to take even more market share away from OPEC. But the prospect of U.S. oil edging out barrels from the Middle East is not nearly as simple as it might seem. Oil coming from the major shale plays in the U.S. is light and sweet, while a lot of oil coming from OPEC is medium or heavy, and often sour. A lot of refining capacity along the U.S. Gulf Coast, built up over years and decades, is equipped to handle heavier forms of oil. Before the shale revolution, refiners made their investments in downstream assets assuming the oil they would be using would come from places like Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. Lighter shale oil is perfectly fine for making gasoline, but not the best for making diesel and jet fuel. Medium and heavy oil is needed for that. But refiners have a tidal wave of light sweet oil on their hands, perhaps too much. The U.S. refining industry could max out its ability to swallow up light sweet oil from the shale patch, as the FT reports, particularly as U.S. shale drillers are expected to add upwards of 4 million barrels per day (mb/d) over the next five years. Meanwhile, heavy crude production has waned as of late, with sharp declines in output in Venezuela and Mexico in the past few years. Shipments from Canada face a bottleneck because of fixed pipeline capacity. The result has been a somewhat tighter market for heavy oil, which refiners want to process into jet fuel and diesel. In the years ahead, demand for gasoline could start to slow down as vehicles become more efficient and EVs start to gain more market share. Meanwhile, diesel demand has grown much faster, and will likely jump in 2020 as new regulations on dirty fuels from the International Maritime Organization take effect. That could force the shipping industry to switch from residual fuels to diesel, perhaps adding as much as 2 mb/d of demand for diesel, the FT reports. In other words, volumes of lighter oil suited for gasoline production are soaring while production of medium and heavy oil used for diesel is flatter, even as diesel demand is poised to grow quickly. And refining capacity capable of handling light oil might not be up to the task. That could present some problems for refiners, some analysts say. “The dirty secret of U.S. shale oil is not many people want it,” Bill Barnes of Pisgah Partners, an energy project development consultancy, told the FT. “It’s wrong to say the U.S. can add 1m-plus barrels a day of production capacity a year and it will immediately find a home in the world’s refining system.” Just because shale production is skyrocketing does not mean that refiners want the oil. Franco Magnani, the head of trading at Eni, told the FT that the company won’t rush out and by shale oil because its refineries were not made for that type of oil. “It could be a top-up in certain situations but not really a base diet [for Eni’s refineries],” Magnani told the FT. “[Shale’s] very light so either you have a refinery that’s geared towards that but maybe then it’s too light even for that. Or you use it only in very specific situations.” Not everyone agrees, noting that in a 100-mb/d oil market, adding 1 or 2 mb/d of light oil is manageable. The problem with that notion is that only a fraction of the global refining industry can handle digest additional barrels of light oil. After excluding the U.S. refining system, which is reaching its limits, the market for light oil is closer to 15 mb/d, the FT reports. The result could be that shale producers might have to accept discounts for their product in the next few years if refiners balk at purchasing every additional barrel of light oil. According to a recent study from Wood Mackenzie, roughly three-quarters of the additional oil expected to come from U.S. shale will have to go overseas because U.S. refiners will be maxed out on light oil. Others agree. “There will still be a sizable surplus of lightweight crude,” Rob Smith, director of IHS Markit’s oil markets and downstream group, told Reuters. He predicts U.S. shale will add 4 mb/d of new supply by 2023, a volume that cannot be taken up by existing refineries along the Gulf Coast. WoodMac estimates that refiners will only be able to take up about 1 mb/d of extra 4 mb/d through 2023. The rest will have to be exported. The flip side is that the shortage of light oil refining capacity might spark new investment in new facilities. ExxonMobil just announced plans to double its light oil refining capacity along the Gulf Coast, an investment specifically made because of the surplus of light oil in Texas. The expansion would take place at Exxon’s Beaumont and Baytown refineries in Texas and Louisiana. “It’s really a full Gulf Coast upgrade,” Senior Vice President Jack Williams told Wall Street analysts last week, according to Reuters. “We know this is going to be a long-term resource,” he said. Ultimately, a surplus of light oil could be a problem for shale drillers. Sharper discounts could challenge the economics of adding new supply, perhaps throwing up obstacles to growth. That could challenge the industry’s ability to meet the aggressive expectations that so many forecasters have laid out.

16 марта, 17:14

Страшный секрет сланцевой нефти

Москва, 16 марта - "Вести.Экономика". В США продолжается стремительный рост производства сланцевой нефти, что, по идее, должно позволить американцам увеличить рыночную долю за счет ОПЕК. Но не все так просто, и американской нефти будет непросто потеснить углеводороды с Ближнего Востока.

16 марта, 15:58

Страшный секрет сланцевой нефти

В США продолжается стремительный рост производства сланцевой нефти, что, по идее, должно позволить американцам увеличить рыночную долю за счет ОПЕК. Но не все так просто, и американской нефти будет непросто потеснить углеводороды с Ближнего Востока.

16 марта, 15:58

Страшный секрет сланцевой нефти

В США продолжается стремительный рост производства сланцевой нефти, что, по идее, должно позволить американцам увеличить рыночную долю за счет ОПЕК. Но не все так просто и американской нефти будет непросто потеснить углеводороды с Ближнего Востока.

15 марта, 17:46

Suncor Cuts Syncrude Output Forecast Amid Early Turnaround

Suncor (SU) expects first-quarter 2018 production to be 685,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day (BOE/d), reflecting a decline on both year over year and sequential basis.

15 марта, 17:45

Heavy Sweet Crude Is Heading For A Supply Crisis

'IMO 2020' is going to usher in a mammoth sea change for the global petroleum market. On January 1, 2020, the International Maritime Organization (hark, IMO) - the agency that regulates the global shipping market - will enforce a global sulfur cap of 0.5 percent on marine fuels. While this is this going to have the biggest impact on fuel oil and middle distillates, it is also going to influence the crude flows of heavy sweet barrels. In fact, it already is. Heavy sweet crude is going to be increasingly in demand in 2020, as refiners look to pivot…

08 марта, 15:43

Отравление экс-шпиона РФ: В Лондоне требуют расследовать 14 загадочных смертей

Депутаты британского парламента требуют от главы министерства внутренних дел Амбер Радд провести тщательное расследование 14 неожиданных или подозрительных смертей, произошедших на территории Британии за последние годы. Об этом сообщает Европейская правда со ссылкой на BBC. […]

08 марта, 15:31

В Лондоне после отравления Скрипаля требуют расследовать 14 подозрительных смертей

Большинство погибших были связаны с Борисом Березовским и Александром Литвиненко.

06 марта, 19:53

Королева посетила Международную морскую организацию, визит приурочен к 70-летию организации

Международная морская организация (ИМО) - международная межправительственная организация, является специализированным учреждением ООН, служит аппаратом для сотрудничества и обмена информацией по техническим вопросам, связанным с международным торговым судоходством. Деятельность ИМО направлена на отмену дискриминационных действий, затрагивающих международное торговое судоходство, а также принятие норм по обеспечению безопасности на море и предотвращению загрязнения с судов окружающей среды, в первую очередь, морской среды. Имеет штат около 300 человек. В определенном смысле ИМО является форумом, в котором государства — члены этой организации обмениваются информацией, обсуждают правовые, технические и иные проблемы, касающиеся судоходства, а также загрязнения с судов окружающей среды, в первую очередь морской среды.Королеву встречает генеральный секретарь организации Китак Лим:Королева рассматривает модель лайнера "Куин Мэри II", королева крестила лайнер в 2004 году, назван он в честь своего предшественника "Куин Мэри", который в свою очередь назван в честь Мэри Текской.Генеральный секретарь организации режет торт.В конце королева открыла памятную доску о своём визите.