Международный союз электросвязи
21 января, 18:50

Шпоры по сертификатам X.509

Чудище обло, озорно, огромно, стозевно и лаяй.Набор технологий, который мы по привычке именуем сертификатами SSL, представляет из себя здоровенный айсберг, на вершине которого зеленый замочек слева от доменного имени в адресной строке вашего браузера. Правильное название X.509 сертификат, который восходит к X.500 стандарту ITU-T DAP (Directory Access Protocol). DAP не взлетел, в IETF его посчитали неудобным для использования со всеми этими OSI нагромождениями и вместо него придумали LDAP, Lightweight DAP где первая буква обозначает «легковесный». Те, кому пришлось настраивать, или что хуже производить его отладку могут оценить иронию в полной мере. Никогда еще первая буква аббревиатуры так не лгала, не считая SNMP. Кстати что общего между LDAP, SNMP и X.509 ну кроме того, что им еще не скоро предстоит собрать стадионы фанатов? Их объединяет ASN.1 — мета-язык описания объектов древности. Если бы эти технологии создавали сейчас, в ход бы пошли XML, DTD или какой-нибудь другой ML. Но в то время стандарты создавались титанами, для которых даже SNMP был простым делом. Читать дальше →

17 января, 04:59

Об утечках через DNS, которые не ловит ни одна DLP

Наверное то есть, кто давно занимается информационной безопасностью помнят, что в 1996-м году была очень популярная вредоносная программа Loki, которая позволяла организовывать туннели внутри ICMP-протокола, обычно не контролируемого распространенными на тот момент межсетевыми экранами. Идея Loki была проста - путем обмена командами ECHO REQUEST и ECHO REPLY (то есть обычный Ping) в поле данных пакета ICMP можно было засунуть все, что угодно. Детектировать такие атаки на МСЭ почти невозможно и п...

21 декабря 2017, 13:25

Жительнице Ульяновска разъяснили порядок проведения МСЭ по установлению инвалидности

Два раза в год заявительница получает стационарное лечение в больнице, страдает головными болями, испытывает скачки артериального давления, плохо ходит

19 декабря 2017, 08:00

Изданы новые принципы контроля за воздушными судами

Под эгидой ООН приняты новые принципы, позволяющие усовершенствовать систему автоматического контроля за воздушными судами. В наше время одновременно в небе находятся 59 тысяч самолетов. Эксперты считают, что с помощью спутников за их полетами можно следить в режиме реального времени.

15 декабря 2017, 06:16

500 тонн золота можно найти на свалках

С каждым годом в мире всё больше образуется отходов старой электронной техники, которая содержит в малых количествах золото, серебро, платину и медь. И только лишь малая часть этих драгметаллов извлекается...

13 декабря 2017, 20:09

UN: Electronic waste at new high

THE UN warned yesterday that waste from discarded electronics like mobile phones, laptops and refrigerators is piling up worldwide, and it urged far better recycling of the often hazardous rubbish. A

13 декабря 2017, 19:28

Cyberattacks: The Biggest Threat To OPEC

Authored by Irina Slav via OilPrice.com, Oil and cybersecurity in one sentence certainly makes for a thrilling read, and there will be an increasing amount of information on the topic as the Internet of Things expands and the global oil industry adopts automation and digital technology. OPEC is no exception in this digitalization drive, but unlike its non-OPEC counterparts, the cartel has emerged as much more vulnerable to cybersecurity threats. An analysis of data collected from 134 countries by the International Telecommunication Union has revealed that some of the world’s biggest oil producers, including Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Iran, and the UAE, are lacking in the cybersecurity department. This means that, compared to European producers and the United States, OPEC members are pretty much unprepared for a major cyberthreat. What is the likelihood of such a threat actually materializing? Well, the general opinion in cybersecurity circles is that everything that can be hacked will be hacked at some point. Saudi Arabia’s oil and gas industry, for example, has been a favorite target for numerous attacks over the last few years, including the Shamoon virus, which in 2012 wiped clean the disks of more than 30,000 computers at Aramco, and according to reports from the cybersecurity industry, reared its ugly head again in 2016. Overall, about half of all cyberattacks in the Middle East target the oil and gas industry, which suggests the answer to the above question is “Pretty high,” but the worse thing is that this likelihood is only going to get higher in the future. Related: Brent Spikes As This Major Pipeline Breaks Down Middle Eastern producers are following in the footsteps of their non-OPEC counterparts in adopting digital technology and automation to improve efficiencies in the post-2014 world, where efficiency has come to the fore in oil and gas. The problem, of course, is that the more you digitalize, the more vulnerable you become to attacks through digital channels. A recent study from Siemens and Ponemon Institute found that as digital tech adoption in the Middle East oil industry rises, so does cyber risk. What’s more, this risk is no longer limited to IT operations: the operational technology area is gaining prominence as a preferred target for cybercriminals. The reason, according to Siemens and Ponemon Institute, is the convergence between IT and OT in the oil and gas industry. “Attackers have identified this convergence of IT and OT as a key opportunity to penetrate an organisation. As a result, an emerging trend of cyberattacks is designed to disrupt physical devices or processes used in operations. In a digital environment, industrial cyber is the new risk frontier,” says Siemens’ Vice President and Global Head of Industrial Cyber, Leo Simonovich. The cybersecurity industry is sounding an alarm and it seems those in the Middle East that can afford it are hearing it and heeding the warning to improve their cybersecurity capabilities. The UAE has a Dubai Cyber Security Strategy. Earlier this year, Saudi Arabia launched a National Cyber Security Center, and last month announced the set-up of a National Authority for Cyber Security, seeking to utilize international expertise and best practices to prop up government and critical infrastructure defenses. Iraq is seriously lagging behind and Iran is seen by cybersecurity insiders as more a source of cyberthreats than as a potential victim. This sounds all well and good, but the trends in cybercrime point to a desperate need to do more. Cybercriminals do not sit on their hands while potential victims work to improve their defenses. While cybersecurity service providers continue to warn businesses and other organizations that they need to become more pro-active with regard to their cybersecurity measures, the hackers are coming up with new ways to undermine existing defenses. This is true for all industries, but it is especially true for oil and gas in the Middle East—national energy infrastructures are called critical for a reason, after all.

13 декабря 2017, 03:00

Cyberattacks: The Biggest Threat To OPEC

Oil and cybersecurity in one sentence certainly makes for a thrilling read, and there will be an increasing amount of information on the topic as the Internet of Things expands and the global oil industry adopts automation and digital technology. OPEC is no exception in this digitalization drive, but unlike its non-OPEC counterparts, the cartel has emerged as much more vulnerable to cybersecurity threats. An analysis of data collected from 134 countries by the International Telecommunication Union has revealed that some of the world’s biggest…

12 декабря 2017, 14:00

There’s a Gender Gap in Internet Usage. Closing It Would Open Up Opportunities for Everyone

michael suriano/unsplash We have all heard about a gap when it comes to participation of women in the tech industry. Facebook, Google, and Apple have 17%, 19% and 23% women in their technology staffs, respectively. Multiple surveys, such as the “The Elephant in the Valley,” have documented systematic discrimination against women. And there’s a continuous barrage of news stories regarding the challenges that women face across a raft of iconic Silicon Valley firms. No more than a quarter of U.S. computing and mathematical jobs are held by women, consistent with the data that around 26% of the STEM workforce in developed countries is female. In developing countries, those differences are even greater. But the gender gap problem doesn’t stop there. There’s also a shortage of women using some of the industry’s products. The International Telecommunications Union reports that the proportion of women using the internet is 12% lower than the proportion of men; this gender gap widens to 32.9% in the least developed countries. And even when a woman gets on a phone or is online, she might face additional hostility. A World Wide Web Foundation report says “women around the world report being bombarded by a culture of misogyny online, including aggressive, often sexualized hate speech, direct threats of violence, harassment, and revenge porn involving use of personal/private information for defamation.” What this speaks to is an opportunity for the tech industry — both to address internal diversity issues and to address how companies think about the products they create around the world. Consider the benefits of narrowing the gender gap. When women are locked out of digital products, businesses lose customers and product development gets stymied. For example, the Connected Women report from the GSMA shows that women are less likely to be financially independent when the digital gender gap is wide. Closing this gap would disproportionately help women and the global economy; a recent Accenture study suggests that women derive greater value from “digital fluency” in the workplace than men do. And a study of Kenya’s popular M-PESA mobile money service suggests that digital financial services can increase the participation of women in the workforce and create opportunities for women in the formal market economy. Plus, consider the new generation of unlikely entrepreneurs – on Facebook-owned Instagram – in socially conservative Saudi Arabia: a growing number of women are turning to the app to start businesses that can bypass both bureaucracies and social restrictions. Thousands of women have established Instagram businesses selling handicrafts, food, clothing and accessories. Moreover, women tend to have a disproportionate influence on decisions around family, community, and children. They tend to invest more of their earnings in their families than men do – almost 10 times more. So closing the digital gender gap would likely have far-reaching benefits. Of course, this story is bigger then any one business goal. To quote the World Economic Forum’s founder, Dr. Klaus Schwab, “Achieving gender equality is obviously necessary for economic reasons. Only those economies (that) have full access to all their talent will remain competitive and will prosper. But even more important, gender equality is a matter of justice. As a humanity, we also have the obligation to ensure a balanced set of values.” Understanding the opportunity in digital inclusion Apart from the many benefits of the uptake of digital technology, can the industry’s advances actually help address this gender disparity? Can it help close the gender gap and set the many multiplier effects in motion? As part of our global study of the patterns of digital evolution, a collaboration between The Fletcher School and Mastercard, we set out to ask a related question: what is the impact of an increase in digital uptake across countries on gender inclusion? We created two measures. One is a measure of gender inclusion, an index that combines several indicators of female participation, including female literacy rates, the proportion of women with accounts at a financial institution, female labor force participation rates, and the proportion of seats held by women in national parliament. The second measure is one of digital uptake, an index comprising adoption of the internet, mobile or landline connections, digital consumption, and use of digital technology for commercial purposes. Our analyses of the relationship between these measures point to an interesting result. We find that every percentage in growth of digital uptake over the period 2008-2011 leads to a positive growth rate of gender digital inclusion over the period 2011-15 by about 2.3%. When the 60 countries analyzed are limited to only those in the developing world, every percentage in growth of digital uptake over the period 2008-2011 leads to a positive growth rate of gender digital inclusion over the period 2011-15 by about 2%. We see this as further evidence that digital uptake contributes to wider benefits across the economy and in narrowing the gender gap. According to the McKinsey Global Institute, when we remove the obstacles that constrain women from reaching parity with men, $28 trillion of new value is added to global GDP in 10 years. Surely, this should make us feel more encouraged about the positive impact of digital technology in helping reduce a key form of social, political and economic imbalance. If the makers of digital technologies can better focus on creating products and virtual environments where women feel more included, more women will use the industry’s products, which, in turn, create these multiplier effects across society. It will also help drive the need to hire more women to participate in building and selling those products. It is useful to remember that all six programmers of Eniac, the world’s first digital computer, were women; it is time the industry caught up with its own history. We will now need to watch and see if the tech industry can find better ways to both close the gender gap in its own ranks as well as the gender gap in its customers.

08 декабря 2017, 10:06

Как оплачивают расходы на лечение после несчастного случая на производстве?

Моя мама во время работы получила серьёзную травму руки. Кто оплатит расходы на её лечение?

05 декабря 2017, 18:34

Huawei хочет первой сделать 5G-смартфон

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Компания Huawei намерена выпустить смартфон, способный работать внутри сверхскоростных мобильных сетях 5-го поколения. Новинка может увидеть свет во второй половине 2019 года. Такое заявление сделал глава Huawei Ю Чжэндун, выступая на Всемирной интернет-конференции (WIC) в Китае.

30 ноября 2017, 17:35

The Zacks Analyst Blog Highlights: Netflix, Facebook, Alphabet, Verizon Communications and Comcast

The Zacks Analyst Blog Highlights: Netflix, Facebook, Alphabet, Verizon Communications and Comcast

30 ноября 2017, 00:04

Analyzing the Net Neutrality Debate from a Global Perspective

Internet has become the most essential and critical communication tool today. Net Neutrality or an open-Internet atmosphere is currently a hot subject of debate in the international telecommunications circuit.

27 ноября 2017, 18:39

How “Cyber” Sidelined “Development” at the ITU’s World Telecommunication Development Conference

Samantha Dickinson is an internet governance consultant and writer. You can follow her on Twi

26 ноября 2017, 22:29

Facebook и Airbus объединились для раздачи широкополосного интернета

Facebook и Airbus объединились, чтобы совместно пролоббировать в Международном союзе электросвязи возможность увеличения спектра частот, которые можно будет использовать для высотных псевдоспутников (HAPS), и вместе разработать поправки к международным авиационным правилам для их использования, пишет Flight Global. Казалось бы, у платформы для соцсетей и производителя аэрокосмической техники не может быть ничего общего, но они оба создают автономные воздушные системы, работающие на солнечных батареях. Проще говоря, беспилотники, которые летают на высоте 21,3 км и раздают широкополосный интернет в отдаленных районах. далее➤

20 ноября 2017, 00:10

Исландия возглавила рейтинг стран по уровню развития информационных технологий

Исландия возглавила обновленный рейтинг стран по уровню развития информационно-коммуникационных технологий, опубликованный Международным союзом электросвязи

16 ноября 2017, 16:46

Исландия возглавила рейтинг стран по уровню развития информационных технологий

Обновленный рейтинг был подготовлен Международным союзом электросвязи. В тройку лидеров также вошли Южная Корея и Швейцария, а Россия заняла 45-е место, потеряв две позиции по сравнению с прошлым годом.

15 ноября 2017, 16:05

Приемная поможет ульяновцу пройти повторно МСЭ по установлению инвалидности

Заявитель указал на факт неполного раскрытия диагноза заболевания

15 ноября 2017, 08:00

Исландия лидирует в развитии информационно-коммуникационных технологий

Исландия, Республика Корея и Швейцария занимают три первых места в списке лидеров в развитии современных информационно-коммуникационных технологий. Об этом сегодня объявил Международный союз электросвязи (МСЭ).

11 ноября 2017, 09:23

Для детей-инвалидов Самары откроют кабинет предварительного консультирования

Как сообщает «Волга Ньюс», самарчанка Анна Андриянова обратилась к руководителю бюро МСЭ Самарской области с проблемой родителей детей-инвалидов

03 декабря 2015, 23:51

Число пользователей интернета достигло 3,2 млрд

Число интернет-пользователей во всем мире достигло 3,2 млрд человек. Такие данные приводит Международный союз электросвязи (International Telecommunication Union, ITU) в своем свежем отчете по развитию информационно-коммуникационных технологий.

29 сентября 2015, 22:27

Китай вложит 315 млрд евро в развитие 5G-сетей

Евросоюз и Китай подписали соглашение, в рамках которого регионы объединят усилия по развитию беспроводных сетей передачи данных пятого поколения - 5G. КНР планирует инвестировать в проект миллиарды евро.