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27 мая, 08:09

Крым — будущий плацдарм российского рынка (Les Echos, Франция)

Хотя западные санкции против России, которые были введены в ответ на аннексию Крыма, все еще в силе, европейские инвесторы уже посматривают на полуостров. Тем более что его изоляция будет в скором времени прорвана с помощью «моста Путина».

26 мая, 21:12

Weekend Roundup: Trump’s Siding With Saudi Arabia Against Iran Deepens The Mideast Divide

In a speech in Riyadh ostensibly billed as seeking to unite the Muslim world against terrorism, U.S. President Donald Trump instead further inflamed the Shia-Sunni schism in the region by signaling America’s embrace of the Saudi anti-Iran vision for the Middle East. It was, of course, left unmentioned that the so-called Islamic State, which claimed credit for the truly evil atrocity in Manchester days later, derives part of its fanatic ideology from the fundamentalist Wahhabism strain of Islam that legitimates Saudi Arabia’s monarchy.   One can only imagine how the images of Trump partaking in a traditional sword dance with Saudi officials played to voters who had just gone to the polls in Iran and overwhelmingly returned the reformist leader Hassan Rouhani to the presidency. Rouhani’s re-election was due in no small part to the nuclear and sanctions relief deal he negotiated with the United States and other major powers. That deal was crucial to former U.S. President Barack Obama’s effort to not only curb the proliferation of nuclear weapons, but to establish a new balance in America’s Mideast policy between Sunni and Shia powers as well. It is a tragic mistake for the Trump administration to reverse that policy at the very moment it was producing results in Iran. Seyed Hossein Mousavian, who once headed the Foreign Relations Committee of Iran’s National Security Council, underscores this shift in Iran. “The Iranian electorate has spoken in its decision between two stark alternatives: strengthening civil society and engaging with the world, or turning inward with economic populism and combative foreign policy,” he writes. “In decisively voting for Rouhani, Iranians have endorsed diplomacy and moderation. And they have done so in direct contrast to U.S. President Donald Trump, who has called for increasing tensions with Iran and championed isolationist foreign policy.” Abolhassan Bani-Sadr concurs that Iran’s election was a milestone. The first president of the Islamic Republic of Iran told The WorldPost this week that Rouhani’s landslide win marked a level of democratic culture in his country not seen since before the pro-American shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi: “In this election ― for the first time since the early days of the revolution itself and the rule of our democratic Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh, back before the shah ― the core debates were about human rights, the rights of citizenship and democracy. I am a good barometer to measure this shift, after all, since I was forced out of office in those early revolutionary days by the ayatollahs for promoting these values. This gives us reason to believe that democratic culture is spreading and deepening in Iran.” Despite Trump’s anti-Iran remarks in Riyadh, Bani-Sadr’s hope and expectation is that this budding advance of democratic culture in Iran will make it more difficult for Washington to demonize Tehran. Reza Marashi of the National Iranian American Council expects that, given Rouhani’s victory, Iran will continue to try to engage the U.S.-Saudi alignment and damp down rivalry. But it is a two-way street, he says: “Rouhani’s track record demonstrates that sustained engagement can lower tensions and produce peaceful solutions to conflict. By electing him to a second term, Iran has once again extended its hand. It remains to be seen if the world will unclench its fist.” Turning to other key events, in an article ahead of the G-7 summit in Sicily, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe highlights the populist backlash against free trade and globalization. “We are approaching the 10-year mark since the start of the global financial crisis,” he writes. “Many countries and regions have made tenacious efforts to ride out the crisis and ensure a growth path. Looking at things globally, however, much remains to be done on issues such as youth unemployment, wage levels and productivity. The key to overcoming these challenges,” he boldly states, “is free trade.” But trade, he goes on to stipulate, must not only be free, but fair. Above all, its benefits must be spread more inclusively both within societies and globally, the Japanese leader says, if the zero-sum alternative of protectionism is to be avoided. Finally, Singapore’s scholar-statesman George Yeo explains this week why “civilizational states” in Asia, like China and to some extent Japan, are less prone to populism than the West. As he sees it, China’s largely homogenous Han people, not unlike Japan’s even more homogenous population, “bow before the ideal of a common ancestry and destiny” that ties them together more strongly than any factional or individual interests might divide them. Other highlights in The WorldPost this week: Trump Reportedly Called Germans ‘Very Bad,’ Vowed To Stop German Car Sales In The U.S. Inside North Korea’s Secret Cyber Warfare Cell Climate Change Is Turning Antarctica Green Elon Musk Is ‘Cautiously Optimistic’ After Talking To Trump About Paris Climate Pact There’s A New Type Of Pollution Invading The Oceans WHO WE ARE     EDITORS: Nathan Gardels, Co-Founder and Executive Advisor to the Berggruen Institute, is the Editor-in-Chief of The WorldPost. Kathleen Miles is the Executive Editor of The WorldPost. Farah Mohamed is the Managing Editor of The WorldPost. Alex Gardels and Peter Mellgard are the Associate Editors of The WorldPost. Suzanne Gaber is the Editorial Assistant of The WorldPost. Rosa O’Hara is the Social Editor of The WorldPost. Katie Nelson is News Director at HuffPost, overseeing The WorldPost and HuffPost’s news coverage. Nick Robins-Early and Jesselyn Cook are World Reporters. EDITORIAL BOARD: Nicolas Berggruen, Nathan Gardels, Arianna Huffington, Eric Schmidt (Google Inc.), Pierre Omidyar (First Look Media), Juan Luis Cebrian (El Pais/PRISA), Walter Isaacson (Aspen Institute/TIME-CNN), John Elkann (Corriere della Sera, La Stampa), Wadah Khanfar (Al Jazeera) and Yoichi Funabashi (Asahi Shimbun). VICE PRESIDENT OF OPERATIONS: Dawn Nakagawa. CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Moises Naim (former editor of Foreign Policy), Nayan Chanda (Yale/Global; Far Eastern Economic Review) and Katherine Keating (One-On-One). Sergio Munoz Bata and Parag Khanna are Contributing Editors-At-Large. The Asia Society and its ChinaFile, edited by Orville Schell, is our primary partner on Asia coverage. Eric X. Li and the Chunqiu Institute/Fudan University in Shanghai and Guancha.cn also provide first person voices from China. We also draw on the content of China Digital Times. Seung-yoon Lee is The WorldPost link in South Korea. Jared Cohen of Google Ideas provides regular commentary from young thinkers, leaders and activists around the globe. Bruce Mau provides regular columns from MassiveChangeNetwork.com on the “whole mind” way of thinking. Patrick Soon-Shiong is Contributing Editor for Health and Medicine. ADVISORY COUNCIL: Members of the Berggruen Institute’s 21st Century Council and Council for the Future of Europe serve as theAdvisory Council — as well as regular contributors — to the site. These include, Jacques Attali, Shaukat Aziz, Gordon Brown, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Juan Luis Cebrian, Jack Dorsey, Mohamed El-Erian, Francis Fukuyama, Felipe Gonzalez, John Gray, Reid Hoffman, Fred Hu, Mo Ibrahim, Alexei Kudrin, Pascal Lamy, Kishore Mahbubani, Alain Minc, Dambisa Moyo, Laura Tyson, Elon Musk, Pierre Omidyar, Raghuram Rajan, Nouriel Roubini, Nicolas Sarkozy, Eric Schmidt, Gerhard Schroeder, Peter Schwartz, Amartya Sen, Jeff Skoll, Michael Spence, Joe Stiglitz, Larry Summers, Wu Jianmin, George Yeo, Fareed Zakaria, Ernesto Zedillo, Ahmed Zewail and Zheng Bijian. From the Europe group, these include: Marek Belka, Tony Blair, Jacques Delors, Niall Ferguson, Anthony Giddens, Otmar Issing, Mario Monti, Robert Mundell, Peter Sutherland and Guy Verhofstadt. MISSION STATEMENT The WorldPost is a global media bridge that seeks to connect the world and connect the dots. Gathering together top editors and first person contributors from all corners of the planet, we aspire to be the one publication where the whole world meets. We not only deliver breaking news from the best sources with original reportage on the ground and user-generated content; we bring the best minds and most authoritative as well as fresh and new voices together to make sense of events from a global perspective looking around, not a national perspective looking out. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

26 мая, 21:12

Weekend Roundup: Trump’s Siding With Saudi Arabia Against Iran Deepens The Mideast Divide

In a speech in Riyadh ostensibly billed as seeking to unite the Muslim world against terrorism, U.S. President Donald Trump instead further inflamed the Shia-Sunni schism in the region by signaling America’s embrace of the Saudi anti-Iran vision for the Middle East. It was, of course, left unmentioned that the so-called Islamic State, which claimed credit for the truly evil atrocity in Manchester days later, derives part of its fanatic ideology from the fundamentalist Wahhabism strain of Islam that legitimates Saudi Arabia’s monarchy.   One can only imagine how the images of Trump partaking in a traditional sword dance with Saudi officials played to voters who had just gone to the polls in Iran and overwhelmingly returned the reformist leader Hassan Rouhani to the presidency. Rouhani’s re-election was due in no small part to the nuclear and sanctions relief deal he negotiated with the United States and other major powers. That deal was crucial to former U.S. President Barack Obama’s effort to not only curb the proliferation of nuclear weapons, but to establish a new balance in America’s Mideast policy between Sunni and Shia powers as well. It is a tragic mistake for the Trump administration to reverse that policy at the very moment it was producing results in Iran. Seyed Hossein Mousavian, who once headed the Foreign Relations Committee of Iran’s National Security Council, underscores this shift in Iran. “The Iranian electorate has spoken in its decision between two stark alternatives: strengthening civil society and engaging with the world, or turning inward with economic populism and combative foreign policy,” he writes. “In decisively voting for Rouhani, Iranians have endorsed diplomacy and moderation. And they have done so in direct contrast to U.S. President Donald Trump, who has called for increasing tensions with Iran and championed isolationist foreign policy.” Abolhassan Bani-Sadr concurs that Iran’s election was a milestone. The first president of the Islamic Republic of Iran told The WorldPost this week that Rouhani’s landslide win marked a level of democratic culture in his country not seen since before the pro-American shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi: “In this election ― for the first time since the early days of the revolution itself and the rule of our democratic Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh, back before the shah ― the core debates were about human rights, the rights of citizenship and democracy. I am a good barometer to measure this shift, after all, since I was forced out of office in those early revolutionary days by the ayatollahs for promoting these values. This gives us reason to believe that democratic culture is spreading and deepening in Iran.” Despite Trump’s anti-Iran remarks in Riyadh, Bani-Sadr’s hope and expectation is that this budding advance of democratic culture in Iran will make it more difficult for Washington to demonize Tehran. Reza Marashi of the National Iranian American Council expects that, given Rouhani’s victory, Iran will continue to try to engage the U.S.-Saudi alignment and damp down rivalry. But it is a two-way street, he says: “Rouhani’s track record demonstrates that sustained engagement can lower tensions and produce peaceful solutions to conflict. By electing him to a second term, Iran has once again extended its hand. It remains to be seen if the world will unclench its fist.” Turning to other key events, in an article ahead of the G-7 summit in Sicily, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe highlights the populist backlash against free trade and globalization. “We are approaching the 10-year mark since the start of the global financial crisis,” he writes. “Many countries and regions have made tenacious efforts to ride out the crisis and ensure a growth path. Looking at things globally, however, much remains to be done on issues such as youth unemployment, wage levels and productivity. The key to overcoming these challenges,” he boldly states, “is free trade.” But trade, he goes on to stipulate, must not only be free, but fair. Above all, its benefits must be spread more inclusively both within societies and globally, the Japanese leader says, if the zero-sum alternative of protectionism is to be avoided. Finally, Singapore’s scholar-statesman George Yeo explains this week why “civilizational states” in Asia, like China and to some extent Japan, are less prone to populism than the West. As he sees it, China’s largely homogenous Han people, not unlike Japan’s even more homogenous population, “bow before the ideal of a common ancestry and destiny” that ties them together more strongly than any factional or individual interests might divide them. Other highlights in The WorldPost this week: Trump Reportedly Called Germans ‘Very Bad,’ Vowed To Stop German Car Sales In The U.S. Inside North Korea’s Secret Cyber Warfare Cell Climate Change Is Turning Antarctica Green Elon Musk Is ‘Cautiously Optimistic’ After Talking To Trump About Paris Climate Pact There’s A New Type Of Pollution Invading The Oceans WHO WE ARE     EDITORS: Nathan Gardels, Co-Founder and Executive Advisor to the Berggruen Institute, is the Editor-in-Chief of The WorldPost. Kathleen Miles is the Executive Editor of The WorldPost. Farah Mohamed is the Managing Editor of The WorldPost. Alex Gardels and Peter Mellgard are the Associate Editors of The WorldPost. Suzanne Gaber is the Editorial Assistant of The WorldPost. Rosa O’Hara is the Social Editor of The WorldPost. Katie Nelson is News Director at HuffPost, overseeing The WorldPost and HuffPost’s news coverage. Nick Robins-Early and Jesselyn Cook are World Reporters. EDITORIAL BOARD: Nicolas Berggruen, Nathan Gardels, Arianna Huffington, Eric Schmidt (Google Inc.), Pierre Omidyar (First Look Media), Juan Luis Cebrian (El Pais/PRISA), Walter Isaacson (Aspen Institute/TIME-CNN), John Elkann (Corriere della Sera, La Stampa), Wadah Khanfar (Al Jazeera) and Yoichi Funabashi (Asahi Shimbun). VICE PRESIDENT OF OPERATIONS: Dawn Nakagawa. CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Moises Naim (former editor of Foreign Policy), Nayan Chanda (Yale/Global; Far Eastern Economic Review) and Katherine Keating (One-On-One). Sergio Munoz Bata and Parag Khanna are Contributing Editors-At-Large. The Asia Society and its ChinaFile, edited by Orville Schell, is our primary partner on Asia coverage. Eric X. Li and the Chunqiu Institute/Fudan University in Shanghai and Guancha.cn also provide first person voices from China. We also draw on the content of China Digital Times. Seung-yoon Lee is The WorldPost link in South Korea. Jared Cohen of Google Ideas provides regular commentary from young thinkers, leaders and activists around the globe. Bruce Mau provides regular columns from MassiveChangeNetwork.com on the “whole mind” way of thinking. Patrick Soon-Shiong is Contributing Editor for Health and Medicine. ADVISORY COUNCIL: Members of the Berggruen Institute’s 21st Century Council and Council for the Future of Europe serve as theAdvisory Council — as well as regular contributors — to the site. These include, Jacques Attali, Shaukat Aziz, Gordon Brown, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Juan Luis Cebrian, Jack Dorsey, Mohamed El-Erian, Francis Fukuyama, Felipe Gonzalez, John Gray, Reid Hoffman, Fred Hu, Mo Ibrahim, Alexei Kudrin, Pascal Lamy, Kishore Mahbubani, Alain Minc, Dambisa Moyo, Laura Tyson, Elon Musk, Pierre Omidyar, Raghuram Rajan, Nouriel Roubini, Nicolas Sarkozy, Eric Schmidt, Gerhard Schroeder, Peter Schwartz, Amartya Sen, Jeff Skoll, Michael Spence, Joe Stiglitz, Larry Summers, Wu Jianmin, George Yeo, Fareed Zakaria, Ernesto Zedillo, Ahmed Zewail and Zheng Bijian. From the Europe group, these include: Marek Belka, Tony Blair, Jacques Delors, Niall Ferguson, Anthony Giddens, Otmar Issing, Mario Monti, Robert Mundell, Peter Sutherland and Guy Verhofstadt. MISSION STATEMENT The WorldPost is a global media bridge that seeks to connect the world and connect the dots. Gathering together top editors and first person contributors from all corners of the planet, we aspire to be the one publication where the whole world meets. We not only deliver breaking news from the best sources with original reportage on the ground and user-generated content; we bring the best minds and most authoritative as well as fresh and new voices together to make sense of events from a global perspective looking around, not a national perspective looking out. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

25 мая, 10:20

Крым станет большой строительной площадкой Путина, — Les Echos

Три года спустя после аннексии Россией Крым принимается мечтать об экономическом буме. Это большая строительная площадка Владимира Путина. Об этом пишет Бенжамен Кенель во французской газете Les Echos, передает InoPressa. «Привлечь миллионы туристов, модернизировать инфраструктуры, […]

23 мая, 10:20

«Культ личности» по-французски

Самый молодой президент Франции Эммануэль Макрон, над которым до выборов многие посмеивались и проголосовали за него только, как за альтернативу «Национальному фронту» Марин Ле Пен, пользуется сегодня невероятно высокой поддержкой граждан республики. Согласно результатам опроса, проведенного компанией Ifop, 62% французов "благосклонно относятся к главе государства". Издание отмечает, что нового французского президента опережали только Шарль де Голль, в поддержку которого в 1958 году выступали 67% французов, и Николя Саркози, которому в начале президентского срока в 2007 году оказали доверие 65% опрошенных.

22 мая, 08:11

Эммануэль Макрон – новый ставленник банкирского клана?

Из девяти президентов Пятой республики трое имели самое непосредственное отношение к финансовой империи Ротшильдов – Жорж Помпиду, Николя Саркози и Эммануэль Макрон. При этом судьбы двух их них сложились не лучшим образом: Саркози кончил свою карьеру драматически, не сумев переизбраться на высший пост, а Помпиду и подавно – трагически, оплатив избрание собственной жизнью.

21 мая, 23:38

Макрон теряет доверие политиков и расположение прессы

Внимание европейской прессы приковано к первым шагам Эммануэля Макрона в должности президента Франции. В период предвыборной гонки его политическая позиция была достаточно расплывчатой и неопределенной, так что никто толком так и не понял, чего от него ожидать.

21 мая, 23:38

Макрон теряет доверие политиков и расположение прессы

Внимание европейской прессы приковано к первым шагам Эммануэля Макрона в должности президента Франции. В период предвыборной гонки его политическая позиция была достаточно расплывчатой и неопределенной, так что никто толком так и не понял, чего от него ожидать.

21 мая, 10:59

Макрон переезжает в Елисейский дворец

Президент Франции Эмманюэль Макрон и его супруга Брижит переселяются в Елисейский дворец. Из их квартиры на улице Клер выносят последние коробки.

21 мая, 04:06

21.05.2017 04:06 : Новый президент Франции Эммануэль Макрон пользуется высокой поддержкой граждан

Согласно результатам опроса, проведенного компанией Ifop, 62% французов «благосклонно относятся к главе государства». Как отмечает Journal du Dimanch, нового французского лидера опережали только Шарль де Голль, в поддержку которого в 1958 году выступали 67% граждан, и Николя Саркози, которому в начале президентского срока в 2007-м оказали доверие 65% опрошенных. Предшественник Макрона Франсуа Олланд немного ему уступает: в 2012 году, когда он только вступил в должность, его поддерживал 61% французов, однако к концу срока этот показатель сильно упал, Олланд стал самым непопулярным президентом Франции. Результаты исследования общественного мнения, опубликованные газетой, также показывают, что первой неделей президентства Макрона удовлетворены все слои населения и почти все политические группы, за исключением сторонников «Национального фронта».

19 мая, 23:23

Weekend Roundup: Why New Talks With North Korea Are In The Cards

North Korea’s recent launch of a missile it claims is capable of carrying a nuclear warhead — and its possible role in intercontinental cyberattacks — have upped the stakes in what is already arguably the most dangerous global crisis. Paradoxically, Pyongyang’s heightened provocations, combined with the limited arsenal of tenable responses by the international community, are pushing the relevant powers in conflict closer to talking than ever before. Indeed, U.S. President Donald Trump has said he is willing to talk to North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. South Korea’s newly elected president, Moon Jae-in, also said in his first days in office that he is open to visiting the North under the right circumstances. Yoon Young-Kwan, a former South Korean foreign minister, writes that Moon’s policy is akin to the “Ostpolitik” approach of former German Chancellor Willy Brandt, which prepared the way for German unification after the end of the Cold War.  Top Chinese diplomat Fu Ying spells out the urgent realism that is forcing a fresh approach that departs from the sanctions plus “strategic patience” thinking that has guided the policy of America and its allies in recent years. As I write in my piece summarizing our discussion, “Madame Fu’s fundamental point is that increased sanctions or threats of military action without talks is precisely what is driving North Korea to intensify its weapons program.” Trying to outsource the problem to China won’t work, in her view, because, as I relay, “China is not a party to the antagonism and hostility that has caused the security dilemma of North Korea. The country’s deep insecurity comes from its constant fear of the kind of regime change preceded by sanctions that the United States and its allies have executed elsewhere, including in Iraq.” The best that can be achieved, Madame Fu argues, now appears to be a “Pareto-optimal” solution. Such a path, I write, recapping her words, “may not meet the optimal benefits every party seeks but would ensure the minimum interest of all parties with minimal cost. In other words, compromise all around.” To make that work, she explains in a Brookings Institution historical review, action aimed at reducing the present high level of tension must be both “synchronized and reciprocal.”  Former U.S. Defense Secretary William Perry also soberly warns that military action is unrealistic. “If the U.S. conducted a preemptive military strike,” he writes, noting that he planned such an option back in 1994 before the North crossed the nuclear threshold, “it would trigger bloody reprisal attacks on Seoul, quite possibly leading to a second Korean war, this one entailing the use of nuclear weapons.” The only alternative now, he concurs with Fu Ying, is for the U.S. and China to adopt a common approach. “I believe that there is now an opportunity for creative diplomacy that has not previously existed. This opportunity has opened because China is now more deeply concerned than in the past about the damaging consequences of the North’s nuclear program. ... The U.S. could seize this opportunity not by insisting that China should solve the problem, but by working together with China to solve it.” Conflict scholar David Cortright agrees with Fu Ying that “the leaders of North Korea will not give up the bomb until they feel more secure.” To reach that end, he argues that, as with Iran, the U.S. should promise “to lift sanctions and renew trade in exchange for nuclear restrictions.” Writing from Seoul, Seok-Hyun Hong, the publisher of one of South Korea’s largest newspapers who spoke with President Trump this week as President Moon’s envoy, says “time is running out for my country” and that “South Korea must prevent a war at any cost.” He then lays out a two-stage roadmap for Trump to draw back from the brink. In the first stage, North Korea would agree to stop development of nuclear arms and missiles at the current level. On that basis, a new dialogue or negotiations would start with Pyongyang in stage two. “Donald Trump,” he writes, “may be the U.S. president who can turn the tables in the region to transform troubles and threats into opportunity and bring us closer to resolving the North Korean issue. But this will only be possible if he stops to think and channel his aggression into a concrete plan such as the one I have suggested.” The urgency of the North Korean crisis masks the historical significance of another longer-term development underway of worldwide significance ― China taking the lead as the champion of the next stage of globalization. In his speech at the recently concluded Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing, senior Chinese strategist Zheng Bijian notes that, according to International Monetary Fund projections, by 2018, the developing world could comprise 59 percent of the global economy, compared to the 41 percent of the advanced nations. “The global economy as a whole, driven by the developing world, will continue to gather new momentum for growth in the second, third and fourth decades of this century,” he asserts. “The more rapid growth in the developing economies will in turn stimulate renewed growth in the developed world by becoming an even larger market for its goods and services. The new phase of globalization will thus be a reverse from the past in which the developed world was the growth engine.” The whole idea of China’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative for infrastructure investment, says Zheng, is to tie together maritime and inland trading routes, thus boosting the prospect of greater prosperity across Eurasia to Africa. European participants at the forum, however, had their doubts. “The [European Union] has dealt a blow to Chinese President Xi Jinping’s bid to lead a global infrastructure revolution,” The Guardian reports this week, “after its members refused to endorse part of the multi-billion-dollar plan because it did not include commitments to social and environmental sustainability and transparency.”  In an interview, Singapore’s Kishore Mahbubani underscores the non-Western perspective on the fate of globalization expressed by Zheng. “Globalization has not failed,” he says. “All discussions on globalization are distorted because Western analysts focus on the roughly 15 percent of the world’s population who live in the West. They ignore the 85 percent who are the rest. The last 30 years of human history have been the best 30 years that the rest have enjoyed. Why? The answer is globalization.” The perception in the advanced economies that globalization has failed is due to a simple fact, according to Mahbubani: “Western elites who enjoyed the fruits of globalization did not share them with their Western masses.” Other highlights in The WorldPost this week include: Somalia Is On The Brink of Famine, And Time is Running Out Xi Jinping Primes China To Be Leader Of The Free-Trade Pack Parag Khanna: Swiss Direct Democracy + Singapore’s Smart Rulers = Direct Technocracy What Iran’s Election Could Mean For The Nuclear Deal And U.S. Relations This Year’s U.S. Worldwide Threat Report Warns Of Cyberattacks, Nukes And Climate Change For more on Somalia’s drought, check out our WorldPost video, adapted from this week’s op-ed, “Somalia Is On The Brink Of Famine, And Time Is Running Out,” below: WHO WE ARE     EDITORS: Nathan Gardels, Co-Founder and Executive Advisor to the Berggruen Institute, is the Editor-in-Chief of The WorldPost. Kathleen Miles is the Executive Editor of The WorldPost. Farah Mohamed is the Managing Editor of The WorldPost. Alex Gardels and Peter Mellgard are the Associate Editors of The WorldPost. Suzanne Gaber is the Editorial Assistant of The WorldPost. Rosa O’Hara is the Social Editor of The WorldPost. Katie Nelson is News Director at HuffPost, overseeing The WorldPost and HuffPost’s news coverage. Nick Robins-Early and Jesselyn Cook are World Reporters. EDITORIAL BOARD: Nicolas Berggruen, Nathan Gardels, Arianna Huffington, Eric Schmidt (Google Inc.), Pierre Omidyar (First Look Media), Juan Luis Cebrian (El Pais/PRISA), Walter Isaacson (Aspen Institute/TIME-CNN), John Elkann (Corriere della Sera, La Stampa), Wadah Khanfar (Al Jazeera) and Yoichi Funabashi (Asahi Shimbun). VICE PRESIDENT OF OPERATIONS: Dawn Nakagawa. CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Moises Naim (former editor of Foreign Policy), Nayan Chanda (Yale/Global; Far Eastern Economic Review) and Katherine Keating (One-On-One). Sergio Munoz Bata and Parag Khanna are Contributing Editors-At-Large. The Asia Society and its ChinaFile, edited by Orville Schell, is our primary partner on Asia coverage. Eric X. Li and the Chunqiu Institute/Fudan University in Shanghai and Guancha.cn also provide first person voices from China. We also draw on the content of China Digital Times. Seung-yoon Lee is The WorldPost link in South Korea. Jared Cohen of Google Ideas provides regular commentary from young thinkers, leaders and activists around the globe. Bruce Mau provides regular columns from MassiveChangeNetwork.com on the “whole mind” way of thinking. Patrick Soon-Shiong is Contributing Editor for Health and Medicine. ADVISORY COUNCIL: Members of the Berggruen Institute’s 21st Century Council and Council for the Future of Europe serve as theAdvisory Council — as well as regular contributors — to the site. These include, Jacques Attali, Shaukat Aziz, Gordon Brown, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Juan Luis Cebrian, Jack Dorsey, Mohamed El-Erian, Francis Fukuyama, Felipe Gonzalez, John Gray, Reid Hoffman, Fred Hu, Mo Ibrahim, Alexei Kudrin, Pascal Lamy, Kishore Mahbubani, Alain Minc, Dambisa Moyo, Laura Tyson, Elon Musk, Pierre Omidyar, Raghuram Rajan, Nouriel Roubini, Nicolas Sarkozy, Eric Schmidt, Gerhard Schroeder, Peter Schwartz, Amartya Sen, Jeff Skoll, Michael Spence, Joe Stiglitz, Larry Summers, Wu Jianmin, George Yeo, Fareed Zakaria, Ernesto Zedillo, Ahmed Zewail and Zheng Bijian. From the Europe group, these include: Marek Belka, Tony Blair, Jacques Delors, Niall Ferguson, Anthony Giddens, Otmar Issing, Mario Monti, Robert Mundell, Peter Sutherland and Guy Verhofstadt. MISSION STATEMENT The WorldPost is a global media bridge that seeks to connect the world and connect the dots. Gathering together top editors and first person contributors from all corners of the planet, we aspire to be the one publication where the whole world meets. We not only deliver breaking news from the best sources with original reportage on the ground and user-generated content; we bring the best minds and most authoritative as well as fresh and new voices together to make sense of events from a global perspective looking around, not a national perspective looking out. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

19 мая, 23:23

Weekend Roundup: Why New Talks With North Korea Are In The Cards

North Korea’s recent launch of a missile it claims is capable of carrying a nuclear warhead — and its possible role in intercontinental cyberattacks — have upped the stakes in what is already arguably the most dangerous global crisis. Paradoxically, Pyongyang’s heightened provocations, combined with the limited arsenal of tenable responses by the international community, are pushing the relevant powers in conflict closer to talking than ever before. Indeed, U.S. President Donald Trump has said he is willing to talk to North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. South Korea’s newly elected president, Moon Jae-in, also said in his first days in office that he is open to visiting the North under the right circumstances. Yoon Young-Kwan, a former South Korean foreign minister, writes that Moon’s policy is akin to the “Ostpolitik” approach of former German Chancellor Willy Brandt, which prepared the way for German unification after the end of the Cold War.  Top Chinese diplomat Fu Ying spells out the urgent realism that is forcing a fresh approach that departs from the sanctions plus “strategic patience” thinking that has guided the policy of America and its allies in recent years. As I write in my piece summarizing our discussion, “Madame Fu’s fundamental point is that increased sanctions or threats of military action without talks is precisely what is driving North Korea to intensify its weapons program.” Trying to outsource the problem to China won’t work, in her view, because, as I relay, “China is not a party to the antagonism and hostility that has caused the security dilemma of North Korea. The country’s deep insecurity comes from its constant fear of the kind of regime change preceded by sanctions that the United States and its allies have executed elsewhere, including in Iraq.” The best that can be achieved, Madame Fu argues, now appears to be a “Pareto-optimal” solution. Such a path, I write, recapping her words, “may not meet the optimal benefits every party seeks but would ensure the minimum interest of all parties with minimal cost. In other words, compromise all around.” To make that work, she explains in a Brookings Institution historical review, action aimed at reducing the present high level of tension must be both “synchronized and reciprocal.”  Former U.S. Defense Secretary William Perry also soberly warns that military action is unrealistic. “If the U.S. conducted a preemptive military strike,” he writes, noting that he planned such an option back in 1994 before the North crossed the nuclear threshold, “it would trigger bloody reprisal attacks on Seoul, quite possibly leading to a second Korean war, this one entailing the use of nuclear weapons.” The only alternative now, he concurs with Fu Ying, is for the U.S. and China to adopt a common approach. “I believe that there is now an opportunity for creative diplomacy that has not previously existed. This opportunity has opened because China is now more deeply concerned than in the past about the damaging consequences of the North’s nuclear program. ... The U.S. could seize this opportunity not by insisting that China should solve the problem, but by working together with China to solve it.” Conflict scholar David Cortright agrees with Fu Ying that “the leaders of North Korea will not give up the bomb until they feel more secure.” To reach that end, he argues that, as with Iran, the U.S. should promise “to lift sanctions and renew trade in exchange for nuclear restrictions.” Writing from Seoul, Seok-Hyun Hong, the publisher of one of South Korea’s largest newspapers who spoke with President Trump this week as President Moon’s envoy, says “time is running out for my country” and that “South Korea must prevent a war at any cost.” He then lays out a two-stage roadmap for Trump to draw back from the brink. In the first stage, North Korea would agree to stop development of nuclear arms and missiles at the current level. On that basis, a new dialogue or negotiations would start with Pyongyang in stage two. “Donald Trump,” he writes, “may be the U.S. president who can turn the tables in the region to transform troubles and threats into opportunity and bring us closer to resolving the North Korean issue. But this will only be possible if he stops to think and channel his aggression into a concrete plan such as the one I have suggested.” The urgency of the North Korean crisis masks the historical significance of another longer-term development underway of worldwide significance ― China taking the lead as the champion of the next stage of globalization. In his speech at the recently concluded Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing, senior Chinese strategist Zheng Bijian notes that, according to International Monetary Fund projections, by 2018, the developing world could comprise 59 percent of the global economy, compared to the 41 percent of the advanced nations. “The global economy as a whole, driven by the developing world, will continue to gather new momentum for growth in the second, third and fourth decades of this century,” he asserts. “The more rapid growth in the developing economies will in turn stimulate renewed growth in the developed world by becoming an even larger market for its goods and services. The new phase of globalization will thus be a reverse from the past in which the developed world was the growth engine.” The whole idea of China’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative for infrastructure investment, says Zheng, is to tie together maritime and inland trading routes, thus boosting the prospect of greater prosperity across Eurasia to Africa. European participants at the forum, however, had their doubts. “The [European Union] has dealt a blow to Chinese President Xi Jinping’s bid to lead a global infrastructure revolution,” The Guardian reports this week, “after its members refused to endorse part of the multi-billion-dollar plan because it did not include commitments to social and environmental sustainability and transparency.”  In an interview, Singapore’s Kishore Mahbubani underscores the non-Western perspective on the fate of globalization expressed by Zheng. “Globalization has not failed,” he says. “All discussions on globalization are distorted because Western analysts focus on the roughly 15 percent of the world’s population who live in the West. They ignore the 85 percent who are the rest. The last 30 years of human history have been the best 30 years that the rest have enjoyed. Why? The answer is globalization.” The perception in the advanced economies that globalization has failed is due to a simple fact, according to Mahbubani: “Western elites who enjoyed the fruits of globalization did not share them with their Western masses.” Other highlights in The WorldPost this week include: Somalia Is On The Brink of Famine, And Time is Running Out Xi Jinping Primes China To Be Leader Of The Free-Trade Pack Parag Khanna: Swiss Direct Democracy + Singapore’s Smart Rulers = Direct Technocracy What Iran’s Election Could Mean For The Nuclear Deal And U.S. Relations This Year’s U.S. Worldwide Threat Report Warns Of Cyberattacks, Nukes And Climate Change For more on Somalia’s drought, check out our WorldPost video, adapted from this week’s op-ed, “Somalia Is On The Brink Of Famine, And Time Is Running Out,” below: WHO WE ARE     EDITORS: Nathan Gardels, Co-Founder and Executive Advisor to the Berggruen Institute, is the Editor-in-Chief of The WorldPost. Kathleen Miles is the Executive Editor of The WorldPost. Farah Mohamed is the Managing Editor of The WorldPost. Alex Gardels and Peter Mellgard are the Associate Editors of The WorldPost. Suzanne Gaber is the Editorial Assistant of The WorldPost. Rosa O’Hara is the Social Editor of The WorldPost. Katie Nelson is News Director at HuffPost, overseeing The WorldPost and HuffPost’s news coverage. Nick Robins-Early and Jesselyn Cook are World Reporters. EDITORIAL BOARD: Nicolas Berggruen, Nathan Gardels, Arianna Huffington, Eric Schmidt (Google Inc.), Pierre Omidyar (First Look Media), Juan Luis Cebrian (El Pais/PRISA), Walter Isaacson (Aspen Institute/TIME-CNN), John Elkann (Corriere della Sera, La Stampa), Wadah Khanfar (Al Jazeera) and Yoichi Funabashi (Asahi Shimbun). VICE PRESIDENT OF OPERATIONS: Dawn Nakagawa. CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Moises Naim (former editor of Foreign Policy), Nayan Chanda (Yale/Global; Far Eastern Economic Review) and Katherine Keating (One-On-One). Sergio Munoz Bata and Parag Khanna are Contributing Editors-At-Large. The Asia Society and its ChinaFile, edited by Orville Schell, is our primary partner on Asia coverage. Eric X. Li and the Chunqiu Institute/Fudan University in Shanghai and Guancha.cn also provide first person voices from China. We also draw on the content of China Digital Times. Seung-yoon Lee is The WorldPost link in South Korea. Jared Cohen of Google Ideas provides regular commentary from young thinkers, leaders and activists around the globe. Bruce Mau provides regular columns from MassiveChangeNetwork.com on the “whole mind” way of thinking. Patrick Soon-Shiong is Contributing Editor for Health and Medicine. ADVISORY COUNCIL: Members of the Berggruen Institute’s 21st Century Council and Council for the Future of Europe serve as theAdvisory Council — as well as regular contributors — to the site. These include, Jacques Attali, Shaukat Aziz, Gordon Brown, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Juan Luis Cebrian, Jack Dorsey, Mohamed El-Erian, Francis Fukuyama, Felipe Gonzalez, John Gray, Reid Hoffman, Fred Hu, Mo Ibrahim, Alexei Kudrin, Pascal Lamy, Kishore Mahbubani, Alain Minc, Dambisa Moyo, Laura Tyson, Elon Musk, Pierre Omidyar, Raghuram Rajan, Nouriel Roubini, Nicolas Sarkozy, Eric Schmidt, Gerhard Schroeder, Peter Schwartz, Amartya Sen, Jeff Skoll, Michael Spence, Joe Stiglitz, Larry Summers, Wu Jianmin, George Yeo, Fareed Zakaria, Ernesto Zedillo, Ahmed Zewail and Zheng Bijian. From the Europe group, these include: Marek Belka, Tony Blair, Jacques Delors, Niall Ferguson, Anthony Giddens, Otmar Issing, Mario Monti, Robert Mundell, Peter Sutherland and Guy Verhofstadt. MISSION STATEMENT The WorldPost is a global media bridge that seeks to connect the world and connect the dots. Gathering together top editors and first person contributors from all corners of the planet, we aspire to be the one publication where the whole world meets. We not only deliver breaking news from the best sources with original reportage on the ground and user-generated content; we bring the best minds and most authoritative as well as fresh and new voices together to make sense of events from a global perspective looking around, not a national perspective looking out. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

19 мая, 21:19

Золотой динар и нефтедоллары: почему был убит Муаммар Каддафи

Федеральное агентство новостей публикует перевод интервью эксперта канадского исследовательского центра Global Research Питера Кёнига (Peter Koenig) для канала «Россия 24». В интервью Кёниг приводит свою версию того, почему на самом деле был смещен и убит ливийский президент Муаммар Каддафи.

18 мая, 21:00

Опрос: уверенность в новых французских лидерах на самом низком уровне за последние 20 лет

Новый президент Франции и премьер-министр имеют самый низкий уровень доверия общественности для французских лидеров, которые начинают свою работу, по крайней мере, за последние 20 лет. Результаты опроса, проведенного Elabe, показали, что около 45 процентов избирателей доверяют способности центристского президента Эммануэля Макрона решать проблемы Франции, а 36 процентов доверяют его новоназначенному премьер-министру, Эдуарду Филиппу, консерватору. "Этот результат показывает беспрецедентную ситуацию ... для президента нет льготного периода", - говорится в сообщении Elabe. Макрон, 39-летний бывший министр экономики, заявил перед своим избранием в этом месяце, что он не ожидает "медового месяца". Опрос показывает, что, несмотря на свою уверенную победу над ультраправым лидером Марин Ле Пен на выборах 7 мая, он должен убедить многих избирателей в способности противостоять социальным и экономическим проблемам Франции. В отличие от Макрона, бывший президент страны Франсуа Олланд имел доверие в 58 процентов, когда вступил в должность в мае 2012 года, консервативный Николя Саркози - 59 процентов в 2007 году, Жак Ширак - 53 процента при переизбрании в 2002 году и 61 процент, когда он впервые был избран в 1995 году. Прошлые рейтинги премьер-министров в эти же сроки составляли от 50 до 59 процентов. В целом, результаты опроса Elabe совпадают с опросом Harris Interactive в день выборов, в ходе которого выяснилось, что 59 процентов избирателей Макрона выбрали его прежде всего для того, чтобы помешать победе Ле Пен. Информационно-аналитический отдел TeleTradeИсточник: FxTeam

18 мая, 15:39

Работу Макрона за три дня на посту президента страны одобрили 45% французов

Этот показатель значительно меньше, чем в первые дни президентства Франсуа Олланда и Николя Саркози

18 мая, 06:45

Эммануэль Макрон и макропроблемы для Европы

Вступление в должность 14 мая нового президента Франции Эммануэля Макрона, возможно, откроет новый этап не только в истории французской Пятой Республики, но и всего Европейского союза. Победа 39-летнего политика с его созданным лишь в прошлом году движением «Вперёд!» была построена на отрицании сложившейся в стране двухполюсной политической системы. В этом плане Макрона с определённой натяжкой можно считать «французским...

17 мая, 07:50

Алексей Венедиктов: «Мы с Владимиром Владимировичем никуда уходить не собираемся»

Едва ли не самый узнаваемый и самый цитируемый журналист страны приехал накануне в Казань, чтобы провести ряд встреч и взять интервью у Ильсура Метшина. Попутно Алексей Венедиктов дал мастер-класс студентам Высшей школы журналистики КФУ, где корреспондент «БИЗНЕС Online» узнал, как социальные сети могут разрушить современную журналистику, что думают в Москве о нынешних проблемах в Татарстане и каким образом информационная среда начинает менять наш организм.

16 мая, 13:28

Берлин и Париж видят «разные сны»

Новый франко-германский тандем – на стадии формирования Свой первый зарубежный визит новый президент Франции Э.Макрон нанёс в Берлин, буквально на следующий день после официального вступления в должность. Такова традиция, заложенная со времен Николя Саркози. От встречи с канцлером А.Меркель, несмотря на всю её символичность, не стоит ждать многого – она служила преимущественно «сверке часов» ближайшими […]

16 мая, 11:17

Путин одобрил Макрона

Российско-французские отношения выиграли после выборов нового президента Пятой республики, несмотря на то что лояльные к Москве кандидаты проиграли, считают в Париже

15 мая, 16:35

Macron Appoints Centre-Right Mayor Edouard Philippe As Prime Minister

One day after Emmanuel Macron was inaugurated as France's youngest ever president, he announced the appointment of a centre-right Republican Edouard Philippe, the 46-year-old mayor of the port city of Le Havre, as France’s new prime minister tasked with implementing Macron's economic reforms and to galvanize public support as France’s centrist president seeks to build a majority in parliament for his year-old party. According to Bloomberg, which cited to French press reports, Philippe is an aficionado of Bruce Springsteen, his favorite actor is Sean Connery, and he’s a fan of the “Godfather” movies. Since 2010, Philippe has been mayor of Le Havre, France’s second-largest port, which was a longtime communist stronghold before drifting to the center-right as its economy diversified. Like Macron, he’s a graduate of France’s elite ENA, the National School of Administration. Philippe is a Republican party MP close to Alain Juppe, the former prime minister who lost the Republican party’s presidential nomination to François Fillon in primary elections last year. By picking Philippe, Macron, who was a former minister in Socialist Francois Hollande’s government, is looking to broaden his appeal ahead of the legislative elections in June which many have predicted would be an even greater hurdle for the youngest ever French president than defeating Marine Le Pen. Macron needs a majority or at least enough seats in parliament to govern or form a coalition. Without that, he could find himself a figurehead from the get-go, incapable of putting into action his campaign promises of economic modernization. Having already split the Socialist Party with his run for the presidency, Macron’s act of luring one of the leading young lights of the centrist wing of the Republicans now threatens to splinter that party as well. Whether Philippe’s government can last beyond a few months depends on whether Macron’s young political movement can win a majority in the June 11 and 18 parliamentary elections or even take enough seats to lead a coalition. If a rival political formation takes command of parliament, it can vote out the government and impose a new one. As for Philippe, he has alternated between being an elected official, adviser to various ministers, working as a lawyer, and as the head of public affairs for state-controlled energy company Areva.  Despite Fillon’s poor showing, the Republicans are still hoping to win a significant bloc in the National Assembly, the lower house, after five years of unpopular Socialist presidency, the FT adds. They are counting on a network of local elected officials and the political inexperience of Mr Macron’s party, La Republique en Marche. Philippe’s appointment may scupper those plans by unsettling the more moderate Republicans. Like Mr Macron, he is liberal on social issues and pro-business on the economy. Philippe was briefly a member of the Socialist party in his twenties. A graduate of ENA, the elite university that grooms high civil servants, he worked as an adviser to Mr Juppe when the mayor of Bordeaux became a minister during Mr Sarkozy’s presidency. He wrote a weekly column in left wing daily newspaper Liberation during the presidential campaign.

15 сентября 2016, 07:56

Monsanto в Европе и революция в России

Bayer наконец-то купил Monsanto! Казалось бы, в первую очередь это проблема для европейских фермеров. Чего волноваться нам? (14.09.2016)«Expert Online» Немецкий концерн Bayer объявил о заключении сделки с американским производителем генно-модифицированных семян и гербицидов Monsanto по цене $128 за акцию. Советы директоров обеих компаний единогласно одобрили слияние. ...Выручка объединенной структуры по итогам 2015 года могла бы достигнуть 23 млрд евро. После объединения компании будут совокупно контролировать около 30% мирового урожая. Акции Bayer на фоне информации о сделки прибыли 2,2%, Monsanto подорожали на 0,2%. (конец цитаты) Но с того дня, как 30% рынка сельхозпродукции окажутся под контролем двух фирм, в недалеком прошлом участвовавших в человеконенавистнических проектах: первая входила в концерн IG Farben (владел 42,5 % акций компании, которая производила Циклон Б), а вторая производила «Агента «оранж» для британской и американской армий, который распылялся с самолетов для уничтожения растительности на территории повстанцев. Неудивительно, что корпорации-носители такого прошлого теперь объединились в своей борьбе с населением планеты.

14 декабря 2015, 17:54

Марин Ле Пен в последний раз предупреждает

Во втором туре региональных выборов во Франции партия «Национальный фронт» набрала рекордные 6 миллионов 820 тысяч голосов избирателей. Однако «Национальный фронт», получивший в первом туре большинство в шести регионах (из 13), не смог победить ни в одном из них во втором. Для ус...

28 июля 2015, 15:18

Казнь Сейфа Аль-Ислама и трагическая судьба других детей Каддафи

Ливийский суд вынес смертный приговор сыну Муаммара Каддафи. 43-летний Сейф аль-Ислам приговорен к расстрелу за преступления против мирных граждан. В ходе гражданской войны в Ливии погибли два сына Каддафи. Его вдова, два других сына и дочь бежали в Оман.

23 марта 2015, 09:46

Саркози и Ле Пен обошли социалистов на региональных выборах во Франции

Елизавета Антонова Правоцентристский блок Николя Саркози и «Национальный фронт» набрали 32,5 и 25,35% соответственно и обошли социалистов по итогам первого тура выборов в советы департаментов во Франции Французский политик Николя Саркози Фото: REUTERS 2015 Возглавляемый Николя Саркози блок во главе с партией «Союз в поддержку народного движения» лидирует по итогам первого тура выборов в советы департаментов во Франции, сообщает сайт телеканала France 24. Голосование прошло во Франции в воскресенье, 22 марта. Блок бывшего президента Франции, по последним данным, получил 32,5% голосов. Второе место заняла ультраправая партия «Национальный фронт» под руководством Марин Ле Пен с 25,35%. Комментируя результаты выборов, Ле Пен призвала правительство Франции, возглавляемое социалистом Манюэлем Вальсом, подать в отставку. Правящая Социалистическая партия заняла третье место с 22% голосов. Таким образом, партии удалось избежать полного разгрома, отмечает издание. Второй тур выборов пройдет 29 марта. Обозреватели France 24 отмечают, что для Ле Пен результаты оказались не самыми впечатляющими. Ее «Национальному фронту» прочили первое место на выборах и не менее 30% голосов. Проигрыш правоцентристам, как отмечает телеканал, подрывает надежды Ле Пен стать серьезным претендетом на победу на президентских выборах 2017 года. Непопулярность нынешнего правительства социалистов связана прежде всего с его неспособностью выполнить предвыборные экономические обещания, в том числе снизить уровень безработицы, которая сейчас достигает 10%. Ультраправые победили в первом туре в 43 из 98 департаментов страны. Второй тур состоится в следующее воскресенье, 29 марта. Саркози уже исключил, что его блок объединится с партией Ле Пен. По словам бывшего президента, «Национальный фронт» «не решит проблемы Франции, а только усугубит их».

22 сентября 2014, 01:34

Саркози решил вернуться в большую политику, чтобы "спасти" Францию

Николя Саркози сообщил, что у него нет иного выбора, кроме как вернуться в большую политику, так как Франция зашла в тупик. Экс-президент выдвинет свою кандидатуру на пост председателя главной оппозиционной партии Франции - "Союза за народное движение".

01 июля 2014, 18:54

Le скандал: Николя Саркози под стражей

Новость номер один во Франции. Николя Саркози . под стражей. Бывшего президента задержали для дачи показаний, подозревают в коррупции. Впервые в истории современной Франции задержан бывший глава государства. В отношении лидера страны (хоть и с приставкой экс) . беспрецедентный шаг.

11 ноября 2012, 23:35

Василий Смирнов/ Контрразведка готовит «Дело Мистралей»?

Материал для уголовного дела по «Оборонсервису», послужившего поводом для отставки Анатолия Сердюкова с должности министра обороны, собирала военная контрразведка ФСБ России. У теперь уже бывшего главы Минобороны «были трения с ФСБ», подтверждают сегодня «Ведомости». По некоторым сведениям, нынешнее уголовное дело представляет собой лишь «надводную часть айсберга». Намного более интересными могут оказаться материалы, собранные контрразведкой в ходе ревизии международных контактов бывшего министра.  Напомним, что Анатолий Сердюков являлся последовательным сторонником закупок зарубежных вооружений и военной техники, за что постоянно критиковался в России. Практически каждый контракт такого рода сопровождался скандалами и намеками на наличие в нем коррупционной составляющей. Самым громким, долгоиграющим и дорогостоящим для России был скандал вокруг закупки у Франции абсолютно ненужных нам, по мнению экспертов, вертолетоносцев «Мистраль». Контракт стоимостью в несколько миллиардов евро был пролоббирован лично тогдашним президентом Франции Николя Саркози и одобрен лично тогдашним президентом России Дмитрием Медведевым.   По мнению редактора авторитетного журнала Moscow Defense Brief Константина Макиенко, масштабные межгосударственные проекты по закупке вооружений часто сопровождаются «комиссионными». Со сделки минимальной стоимостью в 1,2 млрд. евро даже 1% составит 12 млн. евро. Макиенко также напоминает, что изначально цена контракта с французами предполагалась на уровне 980 млн. евро. А для французских ВМС такие корабли строятся и вовсе за 400 млн. евро, то есть в три раза дешевле той суммы, за которую «Мистраль» в конечном счете продали России. Но «произошло вмешательство политического руководства России, в лице бывшего президента Медведева, которое обязало Министерство обороны заключить этот контракт в двухнедельный срок... Таким образом... российский налогоплательщик потерял 220 млн. евро», - отмечал в связи с этим эксперт. Если прямые потери для российской казны, по оценкам экспертов, могли составить 220 млн. евро, то какими могли быть «комиссионные», и кому они могли предназначаться - вполне себе предмет для пристального изучения контрразведчиками. Стоит отметить, что практика «особого мотивирования» сделок на самом высоком государственном уровне российским бизнесменам и покровительствующим им чиновникам как минимум хорошо знакома. Ведь совсем недавно президент Белоруссии Александр Лукашенко внезапно признался, что один из считающихся близких к Дмитрию Медведеву коммерсантов предлагал ему «откат» в 5 млрд. долларов за льготные условия приватизации ряда белорусских предприятий. По некоторым сведениям, российские контрразведчики уже давно собирали материал о злоупотреблениях и вероятных коррупционных схемах, сопровождавших подписание контракта по «Мистралям». Но дать ход этому делу не представлялось возможным, поскольку это нанесло бы серьезный репутационной удар не только по Анатолию Сердюкову, но и по Дмитрию Медведеву, сменившему пост президента РФ на кресло премьер-министра. Однако, бесконечно замалчивать эту ситуацию также не представлялось возможным. Тем более, что встречное расследование внезапно начали и французские спецслужбы, проводящие в настоящее время пристальную ревизию деятельности бывшего президента Франции Николя Саркози. Более того: французская сторона на неформальном уровне уже якобы изъявила желание придать огласке некую документальную информацию о том, почему именно руководство Минобороны РФ при деятельном непротивлении Дмитрия Медведева в ходе сделки по «Мистралям» не только не помешало нанесению экономического ущерба Российской Федерации, но и непосредственно способствовало этому.  Символично, что свой последний зарубежный визит в статусе министра обороны Анатолий Сердюков совершил именно во Францию. На минувшей неделе, когда в России уже вовсю разгорался скандал вокруг «Оборонсервиса», Сердюков в Париже расхваливал французскую экипировку, бронетехнику и боеприпасы. Там же министром как ни в чем не бывало обсуждалась скандальная закупка у французов пятидесяти «генеральских вертолетов» Eurocopter, о которой в сентябре подробно писала газета «Московский Комсомолец». Нельзя исключать, что одной из истинных целей этой «прощальной» поездки Сердюкова в Париж была попытка заблокировать или хотя бы отсрочить развитие скандала по «Мистралям». Одной лишь контрразведке теперь может быть известно, какие условия этого и с кем именно могли обсуждаться. Как бы то ни было, но дело «Оборонсервиса» как формальный повод для отставки Анатолия Сердюкова представляется довольно удачным. В отличие от ожидаемого в ближайшее время скандала вокруг «Мистралей», оно не наносит прямого непосредственного удара по репутации Дмитрия Медведева. К тому же, после отставки Сердюкова его можно сделать «крайним» по любым вновь открывшимся обстоятельствам, - т.е. вероятные разоблачения французов лично для премьера теперь будут уже не так страшны. Пока, впрочем, глава правительства не спешит окончательно «сдавать» своего многолетнего соратника и подопечного. Окружение Дмитрия Медведева уже распространило информацию о том, что Анатолий Сердюков подал прошение об отставке сам (а не был уволен), и что его деятельность на посту министра в целом оценивается премьером позитивно. «Сердюков был эффективным министром обороны, это проявилось в ходе преобразований, которые он проводил в вооруженных силах», сказал Медведев, комментируя отставку министра.