«Кусочек Франции, отколовшийся от нее, упавший в воду и подобранный англичанами», — писал об острове Гернси Виктор Гюго. Гернси — один из Нормандских островов в проливе Ла-Манш. Номинально он принадлежит британской короне, но является не частью Великобритании, а лишь ее заморскими территориями. Однако для посещения Сарнии (так еще называют этот остров) понадобится именно британская виза.
— Ваше Высокопреосвященство, в Сурожской епархии 20 священников окормляют 47 приходов. То есть, приходов в два с лишним раза больше, чем священников. Как эта статистика отражается на служении? — Общины разбросаны по всем Британским островам, не говоря уже о Нормандских островах и острове Мэн. Это означает, что все наши священники должны быть миссионерами. Многие из […]
В Калифорнии группа палеонтологов обнаружила череп странного существа, который не поддается научному описанию. По словам исследователей, череп может принадлежать одному из древних мамонтов, но останки животных с таким строением ранее никогда не находили. Палеонтологи, нашедшие реликвию, утверждают, что ей не менее 10 тысяч лет, при этом для своего возраста структура костей сохранилась достаточно хорошо и […]
Steve Weintz Security, Americas And it had nothing to do with torpedoes or missiles. Spend some time with Google Earth, an atlas or a globe and you will see that California, for peoples used to the Atlantic, was indeed the far side of the world well into the nineteenth century. What is now one of the most populated, navalized coastlines on Earth remained poorly known even to mariners. Somehow such mystery lingers, for once the world’s most powerful warship nearly wrecked herself upon a drowned island one hundred miles west of San Diego. Chris Dixon, who masterfully chronicled the origin of giant-wave surfing in his 2011 book Ghost Wave, surfaced this sea story of the USS Enterprise’s 1985 encounter with the Cortes Bank, where rock, water and wind collide to form sea monsters. The Channel Islands of Southern California make up the visible heights of a vast submerged mountainous region nearly the size of the Sierra Nevada—the Southern California Borderland. Reaching from Point Conception to the north coast of Baja California and stretching hundreds of miles out to sea, the Borderland forms a huge landscape of peaks, ridges and basins up to a mile deep. The first people to settle the Channel Islands during the last Ice Age experienced places very different from today. Sea levels fifteen thousand years ago were one hundred feet lower or more. Pygmy mammoths only six feet tall roamed the single great island off the Santa Barbara coast now made up of the four islands of the Channel Islands National Park. As sea levels rose, the most remote island beyond San Clemente submerged beneath the waves, leaving a miles-wide shoal—Cortes Bank—and a fang of rock a few feet deep—Bishop Rock. But the bulk of the island remained, forming a huge buttress thousands of feet deep sitting square in the path of waves rolling in from the western Pacific. For centuries the only regular sea traffic by Europeans along the west coast of North America were the Manila galleons, the Spanish warship-freighters loaded with billions of dollars’ worth of treasure that made landfall around Cape Mendocino on their journey home to Acapulco, Mexico. Read full article
Kennedy-Wilson Holdings, Inc. (KW) has acquired a 100% ownership stake in a 386-unit multifamily community, for $81 million.
Экспедиция проходит на корабле Nautilus у побережья Калифорнии. Светящийся фиолетовый комок составляет пять сантиметров в диаметре.Ученые предположили, что ими обнаружен новый вид оболочников, книдарий или голотурий. Также они не исключают, что шар представляет собой ранее неизвестную форму жизни, для идентификации которой понадобится несколько лет.Океанологи отправили ко дну робота, который с помощью вакуумной системы засосал шар на борт корабля. Там существо начало разворачиваться, разделяясь на две створки.Видео под катом ...Целью экспедиции Nautilus является осмотр и картографирование национального парка Островов Чаннел, площадь которого составляет 1009 квадратных километров.Малоизученные глубоководные экосистемы вокруг островов и стали местом назначения экспедиции, нашедшей фиолетовый шар.Полупрозрачный пупырчатый шарик был замечен с помощью подводного спускаемого аппарата Hercules на глубине 1616 м и поднят на борт исследовательского судна с помощью прибора, напоминающего подводный пылесос. В поперечнике незнакомец составляет около 5 см.Ученые были крайне удивлены, когда обнаружили это существо, похожее на очень маленькую копию какой-то далекой-далекой галактики. Биологи подозревают, что мячик является родственником брюхоногих из рода Pleurobranchus (это моллюски вроде улитки или слизняков), однако ни одного фиолетового «плевробранхуса» в этих (да и, кажется, в других) местах не водится.Теперь неизвестное существо будут пристально изучать, уже взяты материалы для РНК- и ДНК-анализов, которые займут несколько месяцев, передает Live Science.источникиhttps://lenta.ru/news/2016/07/28/blob/http://www.livescience.com/55574-mysterious-purple-sea-orb-near-channel-islands.htmlhttp://www.moya-planeta.ru/news/view/v_more_najdeno_neizvestnoe_nauke_krugloe_fioletovoe_sushhestvo_22891/Вот еще кое что интересного из морей: посмотрите например на Глубоководный карьер по добыче алмазов, а вот интересные Мосс-шары и вот такая Подводная овечка. Вспомним еще как делали Удобрения из мечехвостов и как Голодный морской котик убил и съел пять акул. А вот вы точно не знаете кто такие Огнетелки или гигантская подводная труба
Seeking prosperity through lax business and tax regulations leaves countries worse off.
Seeking prosperity through lax business and tax regulations leaves countries worse off.
US economic growth is on track to post an encouraging rebound in this Friday’s “advance” GDP report for the second quarter. By most estimates, the Bureau of Economic Analysis is expected to report that output will rise by 2%-plus in Q2, well above the subdued 1.1% rise in Q1 GDP (seasonally adjusted annual rates). The […]
The President hosted President Enrique Pena Nieto of Mexico on July 22. Mexico is one of the United States’ closest and most valued partners. Our countries are economically entwined. Mexico is our third largest trading partner, and on any given day more than $1.5 billion in bilateral trade crosses our border. We are working together to enhance our shared security by combatting drug trafficking and transnational criminal organizations. The United States and Mexico partner regionally and globally, including to address Zika and other vector-borne diseases, provide support for refugees and protect the environment and promote clean energy. Today, the Presidents reaffirmed the close economic ties, took steps to ensure easier, safer facilitation of people and goods across our border, and enhanced our environmental, health, and security cooperation. They proved, in short, that we are stronger together. Enhancing Economic Competiveness Trans-Pacific Partnership The United States and Mexico recognize the benefits of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) in strengthening economic growth in the two countries, enhancing our regional and global competitiveness, promoting innovation, supporting job creation, and helping to alleviate poverty. Both countries are actively working to ratify TPP as soon as possible. Securing the Future of our Economic Cooperation The Presidents highlighted the importance of working together to advance our economic priorities as reflected in the Joint Declaration institutionalizing the High-Level Economic Dialogue (HLED). They also underscored the HLED’s success in promoting projects to increase economic growth, create jobs, enhance competitiveness, and foster innovation. The United States and Mexico recognize that broad public engagement is essential to deepen our economic relationship. We will continue to engage the private sector, including small business, civil society, the Mexican-American diaspora community, and labor organizations on an ongoing basis to advance economic objectives. Expanding Education Cooperation The Presidents announced the renewal of our Memorandum of Understanding that provides the framework for educational exchanges and research and innovation between academic institutions in Mexico and the United States. In conjunction with the Let Girls Learn initiative, Mexico will provide scholarships to young mothers to continue their education and will continue to promote enrollment of girls in its Escuelas Mexico program, which provides infrastructure improvements, material, and teacher training in 17 countries throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. Facilitating Trade and Travel The United States and Mexico agreed to implement our bilateral Air Transport Agreement. This will benefit U.S. and Mexican airlines, travelers, businesses, airports and communities by increasing opportunities for passenger and cargo airlines to fly between Mexico and the United States. The United States and Mexico are developing a pilot program to share border crossing information such that a traveler’s entry into one country will be recorded as an exit from the other. This program will include the future deployment of a shared, radio-frequency identification (RFID)-enabled biographic entry/exit system along the common land border to help improve both countries' immigration records and enhance our shared security. The United States will also support Mexico’s efforts to collect entry data on travelers into Mexico via an RFID-enabled system. Both countries will continue to enhance and improve existing pilot programs for cargo pre-inspection at the Laredo Texas International Airport and the Mexican Customs facilities at Mesa de Otay, Baja California. A third pilot program will be launched in San Jeronimo, Chihuahua, by spring 2017. Both countries are also reviewing potential expansion to additional airports in the United States. The United States and Mexico, through the 21st Century Border Executive Steering Committee, commit to each use data-driven processes to prioritize border crossing infrastructure projects. We also plan to each develop reference guides that identify options to finance ports of entry on each side of the border. Together, these efforts will help inform and improve our border infrastructure processes. Cluster Map We welcome the release of Mexico’s national cluster map today. Together with the U.S. map, it will show clusters of interconnected companies, suppliers, and institutions and allow individuals, businesses and local governments to identify investment and trade opportunities and plan economic development strategies. Advancing Climate Change and Energy Cooperation Building on our strong leadership on climate and energy issues, we pledge to address the challenge of climate change, lead in clean energy development, strengthen our energy security, and align efforts to reduce emissions and promote energy efficiency. Both countries reaffirm their commitment to join the Paris Agreement this year, and call on all nations to support its entry into force in 2016. The U.S. and Mexico reaffirm our commitment to adopt an ambitious and comprehensive Montreal Protocol hydrofluorocarbons phase-down amendment in 2016 and to work together and through the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to reduce emissions through a basket of measures, including the adoption at the 2016 ICAO Assembly of a robust market-based measure to enable carbon neutral growth from 2020 onward. To strengthen the economic and commercial ties between our energy industries, we announced the selection of members for the U.S.-Mexico Energy Business Council and that the council’s first meeting will take place in autumn 2016. The governments will also host a clean energy investment roundtable or trade mission before February 2017. Our two countries hosted a public-private dialogue July 20-21, 2016 to share best practices and develop policy recommendations for financing energy efficiency upgrades in public buildings in Mexico, and intend to continue collaborating to create a new energy services market. Future engagements to advance the goals established by our leaders at the North American Leaders’ Summit in Ottawa in June include: Development of a work plan to advance methane emissions reduction efforts, beginning with a workshop this fall on opportunities to reduce oil and gas sector emissions, in support of achieving our emissions reduction goals of 40-45% by 2025 and a technical dialogue on national multisector methane emissions reduction strategies; Implement the three-year North American Renewables Integration Study, which will analyze how system operators and utilities can better manage increasing amounts of renewable energy generation across North America; A September 2016 workshop to advance alignment of 10 appliance and equipment efficiency standards and test procedures by the end of 2019, which will save consumers and businesses over $4 billion annually in 2025; A roadmap, in coordination with Canada, on to develop our mid-century strategies for long-term low greenhouse gas development under the Paris Agreement by the end of 2016; An industry workshop this fall on market opportunities for combined heat and power in Mexico, a technology that will improve efficiency and resiliency for industry and communities; Discussion of strategies and actions that to reduce black carbon emission and other short-lived climate pollutants; A reaffirmation of the ambitious commitments to action on motor vehicles captured in the North American Climate, Clean Energy, and Environment Partnership Action Plan. Release a geothermal market assessment report for Mexico by October 2016; A workplan to alignment of analytical approaches to estimate the benefits of reducing carbon emissions and other greenhouse gas emissions. As part of its ongoing efforts to address negative externalities, Mexico announced that it will, working with the United States, begin the process to adopt methodologies to estimate the social cost of carbon for use in regulatory impact analysis. The United States and Mexico plan a series of technical dialogues to enhance the sustainability of federal government operations. Agencies managing public buildings in both countries intend to reduce their energy consumption and increase the percentage of electricity they purchase from clean energy sources; each side has identified focal points to advance this work. The United States and Mexico commit to launch formal negotiations on a bilateral agreement for peaceful nuclear cooperation ("123" Agreement) with the intent of concluding the agreement this year. A "123" Agreement would strengthen our existing legal framework and provide an enhanced basis for the transfer of technology, fuel, and other major nuclear components between the two countries, as well as enhance potential emissions reduction in the power sector. It would also enhance national capacities in the supply chain and nuclear fuel services, and facilitate sharing of experiences and best practices in this sector. Environmental Cooperation The United States and Mexico have a strong record of cooperation to protect our shared water and environmental resources. To that end, the United States and Mexico intend to complete a long-term agreement on the Colorado River by the end of the year to provide for the most efficient management of the river’s waters. Recognizing the risks of climate change on the most arid portions of North America, the two countries will enhance the river’s resilience through operational, environmental, and water supply improvements, and to deepen efforts at enhancing Rio Grande cooperation. We plan to add three new partnerships to our existing “Sister Park” initiative: between Channel Islands National Park off the coast of California and Isla Guadalupe Biosphere Reserve and Bahia Loreto National Park; Yosemite National Park in California and Cumbres de Monterrey National Park; and Everglades National Park in Florida and Los Petenes Biosphere Reserve. This cooperation helps protect shared natural and cultural heritage, including many species of wildlife that move regularly across park and international boundaries. Mexico and the United States intend to further the North American invasive alien species strategy and action plan by developing a plan to address the introduction of invasive alien species, identify non-native species of particular concern, and protect vulnerable shared ecosystems. Both Presidents committed to intensify bilateral cooperation to protect the critically endangered vaquita marina porpoise, including through the following actions: Mexico will make permanent a ban on the use of gillnets in all fisheries throughout the range of the vaquita in the upper Gulf of California; Both countries will increase cooperation and enforcement efforts to immediately halt the illegal fishing for and illegal trade in totoaba swim bladders; Both countries will redouble efforts, in collaboration with international experts, to develop alternative fishing gear to gillnets that does not result in the entanglement of vaquita and establish “vaquita-safe” fisheries; and Both countries will establish and implement a long-term program to remove and permanently dispose of illegal and derelict fishing gear from vaquita habitat in the upper Gulf of California. Today, President Pena Nieto announced Mexico’s commitment to continue strengthening its implementation of an improved sea turtle bycatch regime to protect endangered loggerhead sea turtles in the Gulf of Ulloa from harm by fishing interactions to ensure their long term protection. President Obama welcomed this step. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration intends to positively certify Mexico’s improved sea turtle bycatch regime in the coming weeks. Enhancing Health Cooperation The United States and Mexico are collaborating to address vector-borne diseases, such as Zika, dengue, and chikungunya. Today, Mexico and the United States agreed to advance cooperation around research, sample sharing, outbreak surveillance, vector surveillance, and vector management strategies. Promoting Security Improving Migration and Refugee Protection Protocols The United States and Mexico intend to develop a training program for Mexico’s National Migration Institute (INM) to begin in early 2017. This training will enhance INM’s capacity to identify and interview vulnerable populations, consistent with international standards. The training will also include repatriation best practices and provision of migrant services. This initiative builds upon recent commitments from the Government of Mexico to expand the number of asylum adjudicators and assistance personnel within the Mexican Commission of Aid to Refugees (COMAR). The training will include repatriation best practices and provision of migrant services. Heroin President Obama and President Peña Nieto reaffirmed their commitment in the fight against illicit drugs, including the heroin crisis affecting communities and families on both sides of the border. President Obama pledged U.S. support for President Peña Nieto’s commitment to tackle drugs, transnational organized crime, and for Mexico’s work to develop a new plan to curb opium poppy cultivation and heroin production in Mexico. Mexico’s plan will complement the balanced approach the United States is taking to reduce the availability of illicit opioids. The two leaders also announced their intention to launch a bilateral group on drug policy to enhance coordination on drug priorities and produce multifaceted solutions that dismantle criminal networks and safeguard our citizens’ health and well-being. The group will be charged with advancing our cooperation to address all relevant drug issues, beginning with the Hemisphere’s complex illicit opioid challenge. President Peña Nieto recognizes the historic level of effort and resources the United States has dedicated to the reduction of drug use and towards resolving this public health crisis. Security and Justice Cooperation - Merida Initiative President Obama commended President Peña Nieto on Mexico’s historic transition to an accusatory justice system, which will provide greater transparency and access to justice. The President pledged full U.S. support for Mexico’s efforts to consolidate the reforms in the coming years. The two leaders recognized the progress and cooperation under the bilateral Merida Initiative to professionalize Mexican police, and committed to redouble efforts to apply international standards within law enforcement and judicial institutions in Mexico. Eastern Gap The United States thanked Mexico for hosting delegations from the United States, Cuba, and Mexico in Mexico City for a successful first meeting July 5-7 regarding unresolved maritime boundaries in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. These efforts help promote better management and understanding of the maritime space.
The recent announcement that HSBC Bank Middle East Ltd. moved its incorporation from Jersey to Dubai, under the auspices of the Dubai International Financial Center, sent a powerful message that the regulatory climate and safety of the Emirate is strong enough to take such a drastic decision. The assets of HSBC Middle East amount to 40 billion dollars, making it one of the largest asset transfers to Dubai. It is a strategic move for HSBC as it provides the bank with an address that is more legitimate and suitable to its Middle East business activities. Another example is the opening of an insurance platform for regional underwriters in Dubai in 2015, by the London based insurance syndicate Lloyd's. It indicates the dynamics of the region and specifically Dubai International Financial Center (DIFC) as a gateway for finance in the Middle East. . The focus on regulatory certainty and economic stability show how Dubai aims to become one of the global financial centers that will shape the world of finance in this century. While news from the Middle East is dominated by humanitarian crises, conflicts and economic downturns, it is hard to believe that the growth of the United Arab Emirates continues to be sustained. The key explanation for this is that, in contrast to other parts of the region, Dubai is a beacon of stability and regulatory certainty. Dubai International Financial Center is, for example, unique in operating under English common law and its regulatory standards. The Dubai International Financial Center's profile and sophistication as a regulator has increased in credibility and scope. With over 1,400 companies from 72 countries, it has a global footprint that will support the aspirations of the Emirate. In May 2015, a new commercial companies law has been introduced that aims to continue the UAE's development of its market and business environment in line with global standards and, in particular, raise levels of good corporate governance, protection of shareholders and promotion of corporate social responsibility. Besides Dubai International Financial Center, another determining factor in the region is the Central Bank of the United Arab Emirates. It is a respected federal central bank, responsible for monetary policy and the single currency of the Emirates. Like the European Central bank, however, it also has to deal with seven different fiscal policies. Its role in the consolidation of the Emirates banking sector and its regulation is becoming critical to the region. New rules have been issued by the Central bank to deal with risk management at international standards There is no doubt, the move from Jersey deals a blow to these 'Iles Anglo-Normandes' or Channel Islands off the coast of France that are effectively part of the United Kingdom. They have been an offshore "tax haven" under many definitions. Given the negative connotations following the Panama Papers and Dubai's maturing regulatory framework, the move of HSBC to Dubai aligns with Chairman Douglas Flint's call on banks to keep tightening up their checks and controls: The so-called Panama Papers have highlighted once again how perfectly legal corporate structures can be abused to facilitate money laundering and tax evasion or to obscure ill-gotten gains. Behind all this, a possible merger of the securities regulators has been in the cards for years to improve the depth and transparency of the capital markets. The dynamics in the Middle East are significant: the potential of such moves and the developments in Dubai represent a much-needed positive sign from this region and one that benefits international finance. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.
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The law firm at the heart of the Panama Papers is closing its offices in the British-dependent territories ‘with great regret’The law firm at the heart of the Panama Papers revelations has decided to close its offices in the British-dependent territories of Jersey, Isle of Man and Gibraltar.Mossack Fonseca “will be ceasing operations” in those territories, “but we will continue serving all of our clients”, it said. Continue reading...
Video In between their last World Series triumph (in 1908) and their last pennant(1945), the Chicago Cubs wintered in the Channel Islands, off the coast of SouthernCalifornia. Spring Training begins in winter, remember, and Cubs owner William Wrigley had big plans; for Catalina Island -- or "Santa Catalina Island," as it was [...]
Великобритания, США, Швейцария, Канада, Австралия и Новая Зеландия намерены вместе с Интерполом создать в Лондоне первый в мире международный антикоррупционный центр, сообщила пресс-служба британского премьер-министра Дэвида Кэмерона. «Эксперты, включая представителей Национального агентства по борьбе с преступностью, обеспечат международную координацию и поддержку, чтобы помочь правоохранительным ведомствам и прокуратурам сотрудничать, невзирая на границы, чтобы расследовать и наказывать коррупционную элиту и обнаруживать украденные активы», — говорится в тексте. О создании центра, уточняется в сообщении, будет объявлено на антикоррупционном саммите в Лондоне в четверг, передает РИА «Новости». Кроме того, «премьер-министр Великобритании объявит о том, что иностранных компании, которые владеют недвижимостью в Великобритании, будут обязаны раскрывать информацию о том, кто реально ими владеет». Именно британские заморские территории относятся к наиболее крупным офшорным юрисдикциям. В первую очередь это карибские Британские Виргинские, Каймановы и Бермудские острова. Офшорными центрами также считаются британские «коронные владения» в Европе - остров Мэн и нормандские острова Джерси и Гернси в Ла-Манше. «Сорок юрисдикций, включая заморские территории и коронные владения, где находятся крупные финансовые центры, подписали прорывную международную договоренность об автоматическом обмене их реестрами владельцев активов, получающих прибыль, с другими странами», - говорится в документе. Таким образом, полиция и правоохранительные органы впервые «будут иметь возможность точно видеть, кто реально владеет и контролирует каждую компанию в этой юрисдикции», подчеркивает офис Кэмерона. «Любые иностранные компании, которые хотят приобрести недвижимость или претендовать на получение правительственных контрактов, будут обязаны присоединяться к новому открытому реестру информации о бенефициарных владельцах до того, как они смогут это сделать. Это будет первый реестр подобного рода в мире», - говорится далее. «Важно, что эта мера включает компании, которые уже владеют недвижимостью в Британии», - значится в документе. Иностранные компании владеют примерно 100 тыс. объектов недвижимости в Англии и Уэльсе, 44 тыс. из этого числа - в Лондоне, отмечает офис премьера. «Новый реестр для иностранных компаний, будет означать, что коррумпированные люди и страны не смогут более направлять, отмывать и прятать незаконные средства посредством лондонского рынка недвижимости и не будут получать прибыль за счет наших публичных фондов», - заявил представитель пресс-службы. «Франция, Нидерланды, Нигерия, Афганистан последуют примеру Великобритании и заявят об обязательстве запустить собственные реестры реальных владельцев компаний, в то время как Австралия, Новая Зеландия, Иордания, Индонезия, Ирландия и Грузия объявят о договоренности предпринять начальные шаги в направлении аналогичных мер», - отмечается в документе. Великобритания, подчеркивается в нем, «запустит свой полный реестр в следующем месяце». Напомним, немецкая Suddeutsche Zeitung 4 апреля опубликовала якобы документы панамской юридической фирмы Mossack Fonseca, которые свидетельствуют о причастности ряда мировых лидеров и их приближенных к офшорным схемам. Закладки:
Важнейшее значение в информационном сопровождении политики в 21 веке стало культивирование различных мемов, медиаконструкций, эмоционально насыщенных выражений и тезисов. "Труженики" основных каналов трансляции информации - СМИ и блогов, постоянно находятся в поиске забористых мемов и медиаконструкций, а отыскав и внедрив их, поддерживают связанный с ними эмоциональный эффект. Вспомним, какие мемы использовались для медиа-атак последних двух […]
FACT SHEET: On Every Kid In a Park Day of Action, White House Announces Commitments to Getting Nearly Half a Million Kids Outside
Today, the White House is announcing that more than two dozen foundations, companies and nonprofit organizations have signed on to the President’s Every Kid in a Park initiative, committing to funding trips to America’s national parks and other public lands and waters for nearly half a million 4th grade children. This announcement is just one of many events happening across the country to celebrate National Park Week and the centennial year of the National Park Service. Launched in September 2015, the Every Kid in a Park initiative provides all 4th graders and their families with free access to our country’s public lands and waters for a full year. Since the launch of the initiative, private companies, nonprofits and other youth-serving groups have responded to the President’s call to action to get all children to visit and enjoy America’s unparalleled outdoors, taking action to ensure that all children can have this opportunity. In addition to demonstrating the breadth of support for Every Kid in a Park, today’s commitments include several new steps to expand the initiative, including the launch of a public awareness campaign and website, EveryKidinaPark.org, a commitment from outdoor retailer REI to fund trips for all 4th graders in Washington D.C. public schools, and a 75 percent Amtrak discount for 4th graders with an Every Kid in a Park pass when purchased with a full fare adult ticket. Additionally, as part of National Park Week this week and today’s Every Kid in a Park Day of Action, organizations and individuals across the country are continuing to raise awareness for the initiative. Highlights of the announcements and commitments supporting the President’s initiative include: Transportation costs will be paid for nearly half a million 4th graders across the country to attend Every Kid in a Park trips through a combination of philanthropic support and existing federal funding; Six states – Nevada, Wyoming, Idaho, Indiana, New Mexico and New York – have committed to honoring the federal Every Kid in a Park pass in their state parks; Print and digital distribution of Every Kid in a Park resources has reached virtually every 4th grade class in the United States; More than 1,000 events and field trips have already been held to support the Every Kid in a Park initiative. * * * Every Kid in a Park Statement of Support We support President Obama's Every Kid in a Park Initiative which provides every fourth grader and their family a free one-year pass to any of our nation's public lands and waters. The Every Kid in a Park initiative delivers a nationwide call to action to connect all Americans with our nation's great natural beauty and rich history. As we celebrate the National Park Service's centennial year and look towards the next century of conservation, we are committed to ensuring that all youth, especially those in underserved communities, have the opportunity to experience America's great outdoors. By signing the Every Kid in a Park statement of support, these companies and organizations are demonstrating support for the President's Every Kid in a Park initiative and taking action to connect all youth to America's great outdoors. The following organizations have signed on to the above Every Kid in a Park Statement of Support and are committing to help the President’s Every Kid in a Park initiative. American Recreation Coalition Through collaboration with public, corporate and nonprofit partners during Great Outdoors Month®, the American Recreation Coalition is committed to introducing thousands of 4th graders and their families to their public lands and waters at special events all across the country. The coalition is working closely with Governors to host campouts – including the first-ever Great Outdoors Western Governors Campout in Wyoming – issue proclamations, produce public service announcements and more to help their residents get outdoors. Amtrak Amtrak is a proud transportation partner of the Every Kid in a Park initiative. As Every Kid in a Park connects young people to the outdoors, America’s Railroad® connects people, the economy and the nation. Amtrak hopes to increase opportunities for Americans to get outdoors and connect with one of our nation’s true treasures, the national park system. In partnership with the Department of the Interior, Amtrak will offer a special Every Kid in a Park discount: buy one adult, get one child 75% off for travel to National Parks, urban parks, federal lands and waters this summer. Amtrak has service to over 260 parks and more than 2,000 federally managed lands and waters nationwide. The California Outdoor Engagement Coalition at UC Berkeley’s College of Natural Resources To support Every Kid in a Park in Richmond, CA we are partnering with the National Park Service, Rosie the Riveter Trust, West Contra Costa Unified School District and Groundwork Richmond to bring 1,200 4th graders from Richmond and San Pablo to Rosie the Riveter/WWII Home Front National Historical Park this spring. We plan to partner with other cities and districts to create wholesale efforts in California to bring all 4th graders in that area to their parks and provide them with Every Kid in a Park passes. Children & Nature Network Children & Nature Network (C&NN) will promote Every Kid in a Park across a range of communication channels and events, and engage their grassroots networks and local supporters. Specifically, C&NN will promote the initiative through a national newsletter, online forums and toolkits, activation webinars, and at an international conference. Every Kid in a Park will also be featured as part of the book launch of Vitamin N, by Richard Louv, which contains a section describing the initiative. Civic Nation Today, in coordination with the Department of the Interior, Civic Nation is launching a public awareness and engagement campaign to inspire the next generation of cultural and environmental stewards by instilling curiosity about nature’s wonders, fostering appreciation for diverse cultural heritage, and furthering understanding of historic events. The Every Kid in a Park Campaign will engage educators, parents, and others to help get Every Kid in a Park and join the movement to make exploring these places a rite of passage for generations to come. In addition, Everykidinapark.org will serve as an online hub to find resources and tools from partners to improve access to America’s treasured outdoor spaces and historic sites. Family Travel Association The Family Travel Association is a coalition of the travel industry's leading suppliers, destinations, resources and experts on the subject of traveling with children. As a member-based organization with fast-expanding reach in both trade and the media, we will endeavor to share news about Every Kid in a Park with members through any of a number of open channels, which include familytravel.org, newsletters, social media channels, Spotlight editorial campaign, general editorial, promotions and annual Summit. Girl Scouts of the USA Girl Scouts of the USA (GSUSA) participates in the Girl Scout Ranger program at National Parks and has developed "girls in the outdoors" videos at three National Parks. GSUSA is promoting Every Kid in a Park through Girl Scouts’ websites and by highlighting the 8 badges a Girl Scout Junior can easily earn when visiting public lands. GSUSA is also developing a "Get Outside" button for the online volunteer tool kit to help volunteers take activities they do with girls outside and will promote this initiative through social media assets on the GSUSA blog, Facebook and other outlets. Johnson Ohana Charitable Foundation In support of Every Kid in a Park, the Johnson Ohana Charitable Foundation has initiated a $25,000 fund with DonorsChoose.org, a crowdfunding platform for teachers. The fund is currently supporting Every Kid in a Park field trips and will provide 4th graders with hands-on opportunities to explore the outdoors and connect with nature. Fourth grade teachers from around the country can request up to $500 to support transportation for field trips to a U.S. national park, forest, wildlife refuge, or other federal lands or waters as part of the Every Kid in a Park initiative. Kokua Hawai’i Foundation Kōkua Hawaiʻi Foundation is supporting Every Kid in a Park with a commitment of $100,000 worth of KHF Field Trip Grants, with the goal of reaching all 17,000 4th grade students in the state of Hawaiʻi. The Kōkua Hawaiʻi Foundation supports environmental education in schools and communities of Hawai’i. The mission of the foundation is to provide students with experiences that will enhance their appreciation for and understanding of their environment so they will be lifelong stewards of the earth. National Marine Sanctuary Foundation This year, the National Marine Sanctuary Foundation (NMSF) is supporting the Every Kid in a Park initiative by creating a dedicated segment of its annual competitive grantmaking program, the Ernest F. Hollings Ocean Awareness Trust Fund Grants. NMSF is funding four innovative projects encouraging more than 9,000 4th graders and their families, particularly those in underserved schools and communities, to adopt an ocean stewardship ethic through experiences in our nation’s federally-designated National Marine Sanctuary System. Field trips to existing and potential future sanctuaries, where young people will explore marine life, maritime heritage, research and conservation, are complemented with classroom STEM-focused learning activities. National Parks Conservation Association National Parks Conservation Association commits to help Every Kid in a Park by engaging more than 1,000 4th graders, parents, and teachers at NPCA events in 2016. We will also promote the initiative through social media channels, provide materials about it at events, and connect Members of Congress with Every Kid in a Park outings. National Park Foundation The National Park Foundation, the official charity of America's national parks, has raised more than $3 million in support of getting nearly 400,000 4th graders to more than 200 parks and public land sites. The Foundation will continue its efforts for the Every Kid in A Park initiative by continuing to raise critical dollars that ensure young people have the opportunity to experience America’s national parks. The Foundation will also continue to leverage its robust media platforms to support the initiative including its popular website (nationalparks.org), "GoParks" newsletter, Facebook, Twitter and Instagram platforms. National Park Hospitality Association The concessioner members of the National Park Hospitality Association are supporting Every Kid in a Park by playing a direct role in the visits of at least 15,000 4th graders to some 30 national park units during the 2015-16 school year alone. Free boat rides, lunches, and overnight stays, discounts on recreation activities in national parks and more are just some of the ways national park concessioners are helping connect 4th graders and their families with America’s public lands and waters. These commitments will extend beyond the current academic year. Concessioners’ efforts are aimed at making these visits – often first-ever visits to a national park – fun, and making the kids eager to come back for more fun for the rest of their lives. National Park Trust Through two national youth programs, Kids to Parks Day and Buddy Bison School Program, National Park Trust has worked with more than 130 schools this year and has encouraged each 4th grade class to take advantage of this unique opportunity. In addition, NPT will be getting every 4th grader in Ventura County, California to Channel Islands National Park. Every Kid in a Park has helped NPT engage even more students than ever before. NatureBridge NatureBridge will support Every Kid in a Park by bringing over 30,000 students, including over 2,000 of our nation's 4th graders, each year, to six campuses in national parks. NatureBridge provides hands-on environmental science programs for children and teens. These multi-day programs take place outdoors in the magnificence of nature’s classroom, where students are immersed in the wonder and science of our national parks in Yosemite, Golden Gate, Olympic, Santa Monica Mountains, Channel Islands, and Prince William Forest. The North Face A portion of this year’s The North Face Explore Fund grants have been designated to nonprofits that support the initiative and bring 4th graders on meaningful outdoor experiences where the Every Kid in a Park pass is accepted. In support of Every Kid in a Park, The North Face and Jaunt VR are teaming up to bring an inspirational and immersive virtual reality experience to 4th grade students and their families, giving them a taste of what it is like to discover and explore public lands throughout the U.S. Based in Palo Alto California, Jaunt is a pioneering virtual reality company that brings compelling VR experiences right to your smartphone. Outdoor Afro Outdoor Afro will enthusiastically support and promote President Obama's Every Kid in a Park initiative. Outdoor Afro celebrates and inspires African American connections to nature. We do this with our team of over 60 trained outdoor recreation and conservation enthusiasts, representing 28 states with over 12,000 outdoor event participants of all ages. We also reach millions more through a coordinated social media effort that has successfully shifted the visual representation and narrative of who gets outdoors. Outdoor Alliance Outdoor Alliance is a national nonprofit coalition of outdoor recreation advocacy groups for climbers, mountain bikers, backcountry skiers, and paddlers. We look forward to sharing the Every Kid in a Park initiative on our website and social media channels, as well as through our coalition network. OAK - Outdoors Alliance for Kids As a national strategic partnership of more than 80 organizations and businesses from diverse sectors, the Outdoors Alliance for Kids (OAK) is working to increase equitable and readily-available opportunities for children, youth and families to connect with the outdoors. OAK has been working to raise awareness about the President's initiative, including helping to launch the Washington, DC, New York City and Hawaii Every Kid in a Park programs in 2015 with major events in each location. In 2016, OAK is working to activate its members and expects to reach 10,000 kids across the country through events and sustained programming, including collaboration with schools, non-profits and local land management agencies. Outdoor Industry Association and The Outdoor Foundation To help celebrate the Centennial year of “America’s best idea,” and the new great idea launched by the Obama Administration – the Every Kid in a Park initiative – Outdoor Foundation and Outdoor Industry Association created “Parks 4 Kids.” This online platform supports the Every Kid in a Park effort by funding schools and nonprofits to ensure their programs can provide America’s youth with outdoor experiences, this year, and in years to come, and has already raised more than $250,000 since launching in January. REI Specialty outdoor retailer REI is today announcing a $25,000 grant to ensure every public school 4th grader in the District of Columbia has a park experience this year. REI’s motto is “a life outdoors is a life well-lived,” and in the Centennial year, the co-op has demonstrated its commitment to that belief through a multi-million dollar partnership with the National Park Foundation, supporting stewardship and activations around the country. To mark the Fall opening of a flagship store in D.C., REI wants to help ensure that 4th graders across the nation’s capital have a chance to experience the wonders of time spent in nature. The REI grant will be complemented by $10,000 from The Conservation Fund and Outdoor Foundation (OF), the philanthropic arm of the Outdoor Industry Association (OIA). Scholastic Using its reach into every school in the country, Scholastic has developed and distributed custom Every Kid in a Park classroom resources to virtually every 4th grade teacher in the United States. The resources, provided to classrooms in both print and digital formats, provide teachers with the tools necessary to activate the next generation of outdoors enthusiasts. Through its "Backpack Channel," Scholastic has also brought Every Kid in a Park into homes across the country, elevating awareness among parents and calling on each of them to capitalize on the free pass and introduce their children to federal lands and waters. Sierra Club The Sierra Club will host hundreds of outings on our public lands, from neighborhood parks to national parks. Through promotion of the Every Kid in a Park program and other outings, we are focused on engaging our 2.4 million members and supporters to open doors to help underserved children and communities connect with nature. As just one example, the Sierra Club is working with the Every Kid in a Park program in Los Angeles to help children from park-poor communities explore the San Gabriel Mountains National Monument. Student Conservation Association By increasing the number of young Americans empowered through hands-on service-learning in national parks and public lands, the Student Conservation Association (SCA) supports both the practice and the spirit of placing Every Kid in a Park. Working in cities across the U.S., SCA’s ConSERVE community service events and Urban Tree House elementary-level environmental education programs aim to engage 1,000 4th graders annually to support the Every Kid in a Park initiative. SCA will also leverage its national social media audience to promote the initiative and share the value of connecting young people to nature. Sub Rosa Sub Rosa, a strategy and design practice based in New York, delivers business and creative solutions for complex multinationals and start-ups, cultural institutions, communities, and renowned individuals. To support Civic Nation’s Every Kid in a Park campaign, Sub Rosa helped develop and launch EveryKidinaPark.org, providing a multitude of services including creative direction, content strategy, UX design, social media strategy, and web development. Additionally, Sub Rosa will be joining The North Face and Jaunt in producing an all-new virtual reality experience that furthers the Every Kid in a Park initiative. Trust for Public Land The Trust for Public Land will support the Every Kid in a Park initiative by promoting content related to the public awareness campaign via social media and other communications platforms. Additionally, the Trust for Public Land has established a mission goal of creating a park within a 10-minute walk of everyone in America’s cities. We will work to leverage the goals of the Every Kid in a Park initiative as it encourages others to adopt the 10-minute walk standard for providing nearby access to parks and open space. U.S. Travel Association The U.S. Travel Association, whose mission is to increase travel to and within the United States, will engage its diverse membership and the broader travel community to foster greater awareness and engagement with the Every Kid in a Park initiative as well as the National Park Service Centennial celebration. These efforts will complement Project: Time Off, a national movement from U.S. Travel and a Coalition of supporters, to win back America’s Lost Week of vacation and shift culture so that time off is understood as essential to personal well-being, professional success, business performance, and economic expansion. The Wilderness Society The Wilderness Society (TWS) is supporting Every Kid in a Park through its partnership with the Outdoors Alliance for Kids (OAK). Together, TWS and OAK will develop a robust and vibrant Every Kid in a Park initiative that provides an increasing number of 4th grade students with outdoor experiences every year, including through the recently announced Every Kid in a Park Spring Tour sponsoring events to get thousands of 4th graders outside this year. Additionally, TWS and OAK will also be working with their partners in the federal land management agencies to institutionalize the Every Kid in a Park initiative so that it continues beyond the end of the Obama Administration. Wildlife Conservation Society The Wildlife Conservation Society – which promotes the benefits to all of being outside in nature, including through five zoological facilities – will highlight the Every Kid in a Park initiative in educational programs, camps, on website and social media platforms, and at each of the Wildlife Conservation Society facilities to ensure that children and adults alike are exposed to the benefits of being outdoors. YMCA of the USA YMCA will encourage local YMCAs across the country to provide healthy outdoor experiences at local, state and national parks to the 950,000 youth that participate in summer camping programs. Additionally, YMCA is collaborating with Let’s Move! Outside partners in 50 cities convened by YMCAs to support Every Kid in a Park through existing activities and partnerships on public lands. To share best practices for getting kids outdoors on public lands, YMCA will also disseminate success stories about YMCAs with active National Park Service partnerships through internal communications and help raise awareness publicly through social media, reminding families to engage in outdoor activities together.
WASHINGTON, DC – Today, President Barack Obama announced his intent to nominate the following individuals to key Administration posts: Geeta Pasi – Ambassador to the Republic of Chad, Department of State David Brewer – Member, Board of Directors of the State Justice Institute Gayle Nachtigal – Member, Board of Directors of the State Justice Institute President Obama also announced his intent to appoint the following individuals to key Administration posts: Jan Allman – Member, National Infrastructure Advisory Council Georges C. Benjamin – Member, National Infrastructure Advisory Council Jeff Bingaman – Member, National Infrastructure Advisory Council Ben Fowke – Member, National Infrastructure Advisory Council Chris Young – Member, President’s National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee Gary Gilbert – Member, Board of Visitors to the United States Merchant Marine Academy Rear Admiral David A. Score – Member, Board of Visitors to the United States Merchant Marine Academy President Obama said, “I am pleased to announce that these experienced and committed individuals have decided to serve our country. I look forward to working with them.” President Obama announced his intent to nominate the following individuals to key Administration posts: Geeta Pasi, Nominee for Ambassador to the Republic of Chad, Department of State Geeta Pasi, a career member of the Foreign Service, Class of Minister-Counselor, is Director of the Office of Career Development and Assignments in the Bureau of Human Resources at the Department of State, a position she has held since 2014. Ms. Pasi served as U.S. Ambassador to Djibouti from 2011 to 2014. Before that, she was Director of the Office of East African Affairs in the Bureau of African Affairs from 2009 to 2011, Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Dhaka, Bangladesh from 2006 to 2009, and Deputy Principal Officer at the U.S. Consulate in Frankfurt, Germany from 2003 to 2006. Since joining the Foreign Service in 1988, Ms. Pasi has also served at posts in Cameroon, Ghana, India, and Romania. Ms. Pasi received a B.A. from Duke University and an M.A. from New York University. David Brewer, Nominee for Member, Board of Directors of the State Justice Institute David Brewer is an Associate Justice for the Oregon Supreme Court, a position he has held since 2013. Before joining the Supreme Court, Mr. Brewer sat on the Oregon Court of Appeals from 1999 to 2012, serving as Chief Judge from 2004 to 2012. He served on the Lane County Circuit Court in Oregon from 1993 to 1999. Prior to that, Mr. Brewer was a Partner at Lombard, Gardner, Honsowetz & Brewer from 1978 to 1993. He was an Associate Attorney at Sahlstrom & Lombard from 1977 to 1978. Mr. Brewer also served as Chair of the Oregon Judicial Conference from 2001 to 2005 and again in 2013. Mr. Brewer received a B.A. from Sonoma State University and a J.D. from the University of Oregon School of Law. Gayle Nachtigal, Nominee for Member, Board of Directors of the State Justice Institute Gayle Nachtigal is Senior Circuit Court Judge of Washington County, a position she has held since 2013. Prior to that, Ms. Nachtigal served as Circuit Court Judge in Washington County from 1991 to 2013, where she was Circuit Court Criminal Team Chair from 2006 to 2012 and Presiding Judge from 1996 to 2002. From 1988 to 1991, she worked in private practice in Hillsboro, Oregon. From 1983 to 1988, Ms. Nachtigal held various positions in the Oregon Department of Justice, including Assistant Attorney General, Family Law Section, Supervising Attorney, Family Law Section, Regional Manager of Support Enforcement, and Attorney-in-Charge of the Collection Section. From 1977 to 1983, she served in the Washington County District Attorney’s Office, first as a law clerk in the Non-Support Division from 1977 to 1979 and then as Deputy District Attorney from 1979 to 1983. Ms. Nachtigal received a B.A. from Bowling Green State University and a J.D. from the Northwest School of Law at Lewis and Clark College, now Lewis and Clark Law School. President Obama announced his intent to appoint the following individuals to key Administration posts: Jan Allman, Appointee for Member, National Infrastructure Advisory Council Jan Allman is President, Chief Executive Officer, and General Manager of Marinette Marine Corporation, positions she has held since 2014. Ms. Allman served as Vice President of Global Manufacturing at Navistar Corporation from 2012 to 2014. Prior to that, Ms. Allman worked at the Ford Motor Company from 1986 to 2012, serving as Chicago Assembly Plant Manager from 2009 to 2012 and Site Executive for Powertrain Operations from 2007 to 2009. Ms. Allman received a B.S. from Kettering University. Georges C. Benjamin, Appointee for Member, National Infrastructure Advisory Council Georges C. Benjamin is Executive Director of the American Public Health Association, a position he has held since 2002. He served as Secretary of the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene from 1999 to 2002 and as Deputy Secretary for Public Health Services from 1995 to 1999. Prior to that, Dr. Benjamin served as Director of the District of Columbia Emergency Ambulance Bureau from 1994 to 1995 and was a health policy consultant from 1991 to 1994. From 1990 to 1991 he served as Director of the District of Columbia Emergency Ambulance Bureau and Acting D.C. Public Health Commissioner. Dr. Benjamin was Chairman of the Department of Community Health and Ambulatory Care at the District of Columbia General Hospital from 1987 to 1990 and served in the U.S. Army Medical Corps from 1978 to 1987. Dr. Benjamin received a B.S. from the Illinois Institute of Technology and an M.D. from the University of Illinois College of Medicine. Jeff Bingaman, Appointee for Member, National Infrastructure Advisory Council Jeff Bingaman most recently taught at the University of New Mexico Honors College in 2015 and served as a Distinguished Fellow at the Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy and Finance at Stanford University from 2013 to 2014. He represented New Mexico in the U.S. Senate from 1983 to 2013. Senator Bingaman served as Chairman of the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee from 2001 to 2003 and 2007 to 2013. During his tenure in the Senate, Senator Bingaman also served on the Senate Finance Committee, the Senate Armed Services Committee, and the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee. Senator Bingaman was Attorney General of New Mexico from 1979 to 1983 and prior to that practiced law in Santa Fe. Senator Bingaman received an A.B. from Harvard College and a J.D. from Stanford Law School. Ben Fowke, Appointee for Member, National Infrastructure Advisory Council Ben Fowke is Chairman, President, and CEO of Xcel Energy, positions he has held since 2011. He previously served as President and Chief Operating Officer from 2009 to 2011. He was Xcel Energy’s Executive Vice President from 2008 to 2009 and has held other executive positions at the company, including Vice President and Chief Financial Officer. Prior to the 2000 merger of Northern States Power Co. and New Century Energies (NCE) to form Xcel Energy, he was a Vice President at NCE. From 1987 to 1997, Mr. Fowke held management positions at the Florida-based utility company FPL Group, Inc. and its subsidiary Qaltec Quality Services. Mr. Fowke received a B.S. from Towson University. Chris Young, Appointee for Member, President’s National Security Telecommunications Advisory Council Chris Young is Senior Vice President and General Manager of the Intel Security Group at Intel Corporation, positions he has held since 2014. Mr. Young served as Senior Vice President of the Security Business Group at Cisco Systems from 2011 to 2014, Senior Vice President for End User Computing at VMWare, Inc. from 2010 to 2011, and Senior Vice President for RSA Products at RSA from 2007 to 2010. He was Vice President and General Manager of the Consumer Solutions Business Unit at RSA from 2004 to 2007 and Vice President for Safety and Security Premium Services at AOL from 2003 to 2004. In 1997, Mr. Young co-founded Cyveillance, Inc., where he served as President and Chief Operating Officer until 2000. Mr. Young received a B.A. from Princeton University and an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School. Gary Gilbert, Appointee for Member, Board of Visitors to the United States Merchant Marine Academy Gary Gilbert retired in 2014 as Senior Vice President of Hutchison Port Holdings (HPH), a position he had held since 2002. Mr. Gilbert was also Chairman of the HPH Security Committee and the HPH Safety Committee. Previously, he served as President and Chief Executive Officer of FedEx Logistics from 1999 to 2001. Mr. Gilbert served in a number of positions at the U.S. Ocean Carrier Sea-Land Service from 1976 to 1999, including President of Sea-Land Logistics, Vice President for Latin America, Vice President for Asia, Chairman of Asia Terminals Ltd., and Director of North American Operations. Mr. Gilbert also served as an Officer on merchant and U.S. Naval vessels during the Vietnam conflict. He currently sits on the Advisory Board of Decision Sciences. Mr. Gilbert received a B.S. from the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy and an M.S. from the State University of New York. Rear Admiral David A. Score, Appointee for Member, Board of Visitors to the United States Merchant Marine Academy Rear Admiral (RADM) David A. Score serves as Director of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Commissioned Officer Corps and Director of the NOAA Office of Marine and Aviation Operations (OMAO). Previously, he served as Deputy Director of the NOAA Corps, Deputy Director for OMAO Operations, Director of OMAO’s Marine Operations Center, and Commanding Officer of the NOAA Marine Operations Center-Atlantic. Before directing NOAA’s Atlantic fleet, RADM Score commanded NOAA Ship Gordon Gunter, which conducted key research missions during the BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill response. He has served aboard six NOAA vessels on operations from the Bering Sea to the Caribbean and has also served in a variety of management and operational roles at Channel Islands, Gray’s Reef, and Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuaries. RADM Score has received eight NOAA special achievement awards and two Department of Commerce bronze medals, and was named the 1999 NOAA National Association of Commissioned Officers Junior Officer of the Year. He received a B.S. from the Florida Institute of Technology.