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02 ноября 2016, 11:00

Финляндия задумалась о запрете использования каменного угля

Правительство Финляндии планирует запретить использование каменного угля к 2030 году, такое предложение содержится в новой энергетической и климатической стратегии, проект которой будет представлен парламенту в конце месяца. По словам министра экономического развития Финляндии Олли Рена, ответственного за подготовку данной стратегии, правительство рассматривает возможность запретить использование каменного угля законодательным путем, передает Yle со ссылкой на газету Helsingin Sanomat. Если план осуществится, Финляндия станет, вероятно, первой страной в мире, запретившей использование каменного угля. В настоящее время доля каменного угля от энергопроизводства Финляндии составляет около 8%. Напомним, в ноябре 2015 года Гринпис устроил резонансную акцию, воспрепятствовав доставке каменного угля из России в хельсинкский порт. Активисты призвали Финляндию полностью отказаться от использования каменного угля, и заменить его возобновляемыми источниками энергии.

02 ноября 2016, 05:37

Финляндия меняет главу минэкономики в пылу споров о строительстве АЭС по проекту России

В Финляндии сменился министр труда и экономики, сообщает издание Kaleva. На эту должность был избран депутат от партии Финляндский центр Мика Линтиля, доселе не имевший опыта работы министром, а возглавлявший финский Союз конного спорта. «Он (Линтиля) заменит Олли Рена, которого ранее в этом месяце избрали в правление Банка Финляндии. Смена...

29 сентября 2016, 18:50

Без заголовка

**Must-Read: Simon Wren-Lewis**: _[A General Theory of Austerity, Cynicism and Opportunism][]_: >**Was austerity an unfortunate accident?**... [A General Theory of Austerity, Cynicism and Opportunism]: http://www.bsg.ox.ac.uk/sites/www.bsg.ox.ac.uk/files/documents/BSG-WP-2016-014.pdf >...For the major economies including the Eurozone as a whole, austerity could have been avoided completely by delaying fiscal consolidation by a few years.... There...

17 сентября 2016, 08:52

Подлог европейского масштаба

Как выяснилось, Болгария и Румыния были приняты в Евросоюз вопреки мнению Европейской палаты аудиторов, утверждавшей, что эти страны всё ещё не соответствуют выдвигаемым критериям. Их просто не должно было быть в Евросоюзе. Ни в 2007 году, ни, возможно, даже сегодня. Один из членов Европейской палаты аудиторов Иштван Фазакаш (Istvan Fazakas) рассказал журналистам о драме, разыгравшейся накануне вступления Болгарии и Румынии в Евросоюз в январе 2007 года. Многие тогда говорили, что эти страны далеки от европейских стандартов. Как выясняется, такого же мнения придерживалась и Европейская палата аудиторов (ЕПА), негативный отчёт которой должен был отложить дату вступления. Однако этого не случилось.

14 сентября 2016, 03:41

Министр экономики Финляндии выразил недовольство проблемами на АЭС "Ханхикиви"

Министр экономического развития Финляндии раскритиковал корпоративную культуру Fennovoima и заявил, что этот вопрос и проблемы с безопасностью нужно решить как можно быстрее, чтобы вернуть доверие к проекту. В конце прошлой недели Олли Рен встретился с руководством Центра атомной и ядерной безопасности Stuk, чтобы обсудить ситуацию с атомной станцией в Пюхяйоки...

07 сентября 2016, 10:43

Экономика Финляндии вступила в стагнацию

По итогам II квартала экономика Финляндии показала нулевой рост относительно января-марта текущего года. При этом рост ВВП в I квартале также был крайне слабым и составил 0,6%, причем позднее был дополнительно пересмотрен в сторону снижения до 0,3%. Министр экономики страны Оли Рен (Olli Rehn) отметил, что правительство уже сократило свой прогноз относительно роста ВВП в 2016 году с 1,4% до 1,1%. Одной из причин для негативного прогноза были названы неблагоприятные условия для торговли в том числе из-за напряженных отношений между Россией, ЕС и США.

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16 июня 2016, 21:14

Министр экономики Финляндии рассказал о своем дедушке, торговавшем маслом в Петербурге

Министр экономического развития Финляндии Олли Рен после переговоров с губернатором Петербурга Георгием Полтавченко на Петербургском экономическом форуме рассказал о своей семье, передает "Фонтанка.ру". "Я родом из ...

16 июня 2016, 20:38

Петербург и Финляндия договорились на ПМЭФ о сотрудничестве, не затронутых санкциями

Наиболее перспективны для сотрудничества энергетика и экология, отметил министр экономики Финляндии Олли Рен

06 июня 2016, 17:37

На Петербургский форум приедет министр экономики Финляндии

Министр экономики Финляндии Олли Рен примет участие в Петербургском международном экономическом форуме (ПМЭФ), передает РИА "Новости" со ссылкой на главу финского МИДа Тимо Сойни. "Министр Рен будет участвовать в ...

21 апреля 2016, 12:25

Trump terrifies world leaders

And Obama’s reassurances aren’t calming them down.

13 апреля 2016, 09:07

Алексей Улюкаев и Олли Рен: главное – поддержать позитивный тренд в экономиках России и Финляндии

Вопросы двустороннего российско-финляндского экономического взаимодействия, а также ситуацию в российской и финской экономиках обсудили Министр экономического развития России Алексей Улюкаев и Министр экономики Финляндии Олли Рен. По итогам 2015 г. товарооборот между Россией и Финляндией составил 9,8 млрд. долларов, снизившись по сравнению с 2014 г. на 38,8%. Объем торговли услугами между странами по итогам 9 месяцев 2015 г. снизился по сравнению с аналогичным периодом 2014 г. на 40,5%. «Мы обсуждали и глобальные проблемы  в качестве двусторонней проблематики и локальные проблемы финского бизнеса, работающего в России, - сказал  Алексей Улюкаев. - Мне кажется мы говорим на одном языке - языке делового общения». В 2015 году Финляндия заняла 15 место по внешнеторговому обороту среди всех стран-партнеров России. Эта позиция страной прочно удерживается с 2011 года. При этом Россия заняла 3-е место в рейтинге стран-партнеров Финляндии, хотя в 2014 году была на 2-м месте, а в 2013 и годами ранее – на 1-м. Министр экономики Финляндии Олли Рен отметил, что важным событием после многолетнего перерыва стало возобновление диалога на уровне сопредседателей Межправительственной российско-финляндской комиссии по экономическому сотрудничеству. «Встреча носила исключительно позитивный характер», – заметил глава Минэкономразвития России. По итогам встречи договорились провести очередную сессию Межправкомиссии в России осенью 2016 года. Алексей Улюкаев отметил и адаптацию финских компаний к новым реалиям. «Многие финские компании успешно адаптировали свою деятельность в России к новым реалиям и продолжают осуществлять намеченные проекты. Они отчетливо понимают, что именно в кризис, когда другие заморозили проекты, есть возможность завоевывать свою нишу на рынке», – добавил он. Объем накопленных в России прямых финских инвестиций по итогам девяти месяцев 2015 г. составил 2,3 млрд. долларов, а российских в Финляндии – 2,4 млрд. долларов. По словам главы российского экономического ведомства, есть и набор фундаментальных обстоятельств – это сокращение глобального спроса, вообще мировая торговля переживает не лучшие времена. «За 10 лет по 2010-й средний темп мировой торговли был порядка 7-8% в год. Это позволяло мировой экономике развиваться довольно высокими темпами - рост 3,5-4%. И в 2 раза темп торговли был больше. Она была локомотивом. А сейчас наоборот, мировая торговля растет темпами в 2 раза ниже, чем мировой экономический рост, снижаются ожидания, связанные с быстрорастущими и развивающимися экономиками, сокращается спрос на многие товары российского экспорта», - заметил Алексей Улюкаев. Тем не менее падение российского экспорта, в частности в Финляндии, по физическим объемам гораздо меньше, чем по стоимости. Это снижение и конъюнктуры ценовых параметров. «Торговля восстановится, инвестиции идут, главное – поддерживать этот позитивный тренд», - заметил глава российского Минэкономразвития. Министр экономического развития России Алексей Улюкаев пригласил коллегу принять участие в предстоящем юбилейном Петербургском международном экономическом форуме.

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04 апреля 2016, 04:07

13 апреля 2016 г. состоится визит Министра экономического развития РФ Алексея Улюкаева в г. Хельсинки, Финляндия

В рамках визита запланированы встречи с Премьер-министром Финляндии Юхой Сипиля и Министром экономики Финляндии Олли Реном. Планируется обсудить вопросы двусторонних торгово-экономических отношений России и Финляндии. Кроме того, запланирована встреча с руководством объединений деловых кругов и крупнейших финских компаний – инвесторов в российскую экономику. Дополнительная информация по телефону +7 985 426-04-27, Рыбальченко Юлия.

28 января 2016, 09:16

Финляндия: из лидеров Европы в аутсайдеры

Экономика Финляндии сокращается с 2012 г., в первые три квартала 2015 г. продемонстрировав худшие показатели. Дефицит бюджета страны сравнительно выше, чем в Италии, несмотря на то что страна занимает четвертое место в Евросоюзе по налогам и социальным сборам. Кроме того, уровень безработицы в Финляндии выше, чем в ряде североевропейских государств.

27 января 2016, 23:23

Финляндия — из лидеров Европы в аутсайдеры

Хроническая депрессия в экономике, рост безработицы и отвращение к рыночным реформам. Знакомая европейская история? Это не Греция или Испания, или Португалия. Это Финляндия.

27 января 2016, 23:23

Финляндия: из лидеров Европы в аутсайдеры

Хроническая депрессия в экономике, рост безработицы и отвращение к рыночным реформам. Знакомая европейская история? Это не Греция или Испания, или Португалия. Это Финляндия.

27 января 2016, 23:23

Финляндия — из лидеров Европы в аутсайдеры

Хроническая депрессия в экономике, рост безработицы и отвращение к рыночным реформам. Знакомая европейская история? Это не Греция или Испания, или Португалия. Это Финляндия.

09 декабря 2014, 03:00

Will the political will for energy reform in Eastern Europe last?

Russia’s actions in Ukraine and strained political relations with the EU has put energy security high on the agenda. Recent moves by several of Eastern European states suggest that the political will now exists to engage more forcefully with energy diversification. Concerns regarding Russia’s significant influence over Eastern Europe’s energy supplies has flared up again with recent actions in Ukraine. As GRI has explored before, energy reform remains a contentious issue for many Eastern European countries, and significant challenges that previously stifled reform continue to persist. U.S. Vice President Joe Biden remarked no the issue when visiting  in Turkey in November. “This is about energy security. To achieve it, Europe needs to ensure it diversifies. Russia can and should be a player, but Russia has to play by the rules,” Biden said. Efforts to Diversify Recent moves by several of EU states suggest that the political will now exists to engage more forcefully with energy diversification. Following a grinding, 3-year process, the Lithuanian floating LNG terminal, aptly named Independence, will commence operations shortly and is now resting in the port of Klaipeda. It has the potential to displace the 2.7 billion cubic meters of natural gas imported annually from Russia. In Finland and Estonia, a similarly long process to construct an LNG terminal in each country and a connecting pipeline appears to have been tentatively agreed to last week. It also has the potential to displace significant imports from Russia. Finland has also sent a bill through parliament to construct another Finnish nuclear power plant despite enormous political costs. The Green Party in parliament strongly opposed preliminary approval of the Russian-constructed nuclear power plant operated by Fennovoima (a coalition of Russian-owned Rosatom and 40 Finnish companies). The resulting withdrawal of the Green Party from the Finnish coalition put Prime Minister Stubb’s entire ruling majority on a razor’s edge, with 102 MPs of 200 (including the non-voting speaker). Poland continues to struggle with the energy source that had once been heralded as its silver bullet for dependence on Russian energy: coal. Coal prices have fallen significantly in the past few years, driven in part by increased shale gas and oil production in the United States. The government of recently installed Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz signaled in her maiden speech that she would devote attention to Poland’s energy security. However, the fact that her speech was also met with coal miners protesting outside the Sejm against falling wages and poor working conditions (as well as cheap coal imports from Russia) implies that any significant energy policy shifts in Poland will be a challenge domestically. Is There Sufficient Political Will? From an investment perspective, energy policy is a persistently contentious and politically tricky issue. Many energy guarantees and investments (such as a nuclear power plant, or coal mining reforms) require significant upfront costs and a long-term perspective, neither of which are particularly desirable in the political realm. In addition, while many of the reforms and new projects initiated by these governments are not in and of themselves contentious (with the exception of nuclear power), the parameters of completing major energy deals can be extremely difficult. The tentative Finnish-Estonian pipeline was marked by years of back-and-forth regarding which of the two countries would host the larger terminal; Finland pointed to its larger population and energy potential, while Estonian MPs suggested a possible expansion from their side to include the other two Baltic states. The dispute even led to a request that the European Commission cast some sort of ruling on the matter, which it chose not to do. Ultimately it was agreed that Finland would host the larger terminal, which immediately drew domestic Estonian opposition. Due to the longer timeline of many of these projects, consistent political will is necessary to ensure successful shifts. The German shift away from nuclear power (which at one point peaked at sustaining 25 percent of its electricity needs) at such an accelerated pace has only been possible through the agreement of political parties on the left and right in favor of such a move. This may be the one major area where investors should remain weary; Poland and Finland are each expected to hold parliamentary elections in 2015, and both face a potential political shift in the makeup of parliament. In Poland, the parliamentary opposition, right-leaning Law and Justice Party saw significant gains in regional and mayoral races last week. And despite a recent uptick in support for the Civic Platform (PO) government, irregularities in the recent elections (which led to resignation of the entire electoral commission) could hamper the reelection prospects of the more centrist PO. In Finland, Olli Rehn, former MEP and EU Economy Commissioner, signaled his opposition to the construction of a nuclear power plant proposed by Prime Minister Stubb. Rehn’s political party, the Centre Party, is on track to make gains in the April elections (if the current coalition even lasts that long), and any emerging coalition with the Centre Party and the Greens would likely lead to a significant dragging-out of the plant. Both countries are currently led by leaders appointed to their current roles after their popular bosses took key positions in Brussels – Poland’s Donald Tusk as President of the European Council, and Finland’s Jyrki Katainen to become the European Commission Vice President for Economy and Monetary Affairs. Both countries were initially very resistant to initiate sanctions against the Russian government. The survival of both coalitions appears to be in some doubt, and any long-term, costly energy reforms would have to be able to overcome a possible political shift following the April election in Finland and expected Polish elections in October. Other countries in the region are more likely to maintain the sustained political will to support larger investment projects to wean themselves from Russian energy demand. In Lithuania, the presidency of Dalia Grybauskaite has been marked by significant opposition and skepticism of Russia’s foreign policy moves, which has helped sustain Lithuania’s goal of removing itself from Russian energy sources through major energy investments. In Latvia, which is neither a significant energy producer nor consumer, the upcoming presidency of the Council of the European Union could represent a significant platform to highlight ongoing collaboration in northeastern Europe to secure energy independence from Russia. The Russian government has already highlighted its opposition to the Latvian presidency due to a perceived anti-Russian bias. Cause for Optimism The general picture for the region appears to be an increased willingness to engage in energy reforms that support energy security. However, the region has gone through this dance before (especially during energy cutoffs from Russian companies in the winter) without meaningful, long term shifts. The political will to sustain this drive to energy security is probably at the highest point it has even been, though it has yet to be tested at the polls. Finland seems to have mustered the strength to support long term energy investments, despite the near-collapse of its parliamentary majority, though any shift in power could undo this change. Should the commitment to energy reform last in these countries, the domestic and international energy firms invested in these reforms stand to benefit considerably. Norway’s Hoegh LNG Holdings supported the Lithuanian terminal, Finland’s Fennovoima energy company coalition supports the nuclear power plant, and Finland’s recently nationalized Rosum energy company would support the LNG pipeline. However, the small size of the markets involved makes it unlikely that this will create significant harm for Russia’s energy firms.

30 сентября 2014, 05:57

Атомный конфликт

Финское правительство оказалось под огнем критики из-за решения одобрить строительство АЭС Ханхикиви вместе с Росатомом . Член Европарламента от Финляндии Олли Рен написал в блоге, что для плана АЭС компании Fennovoima и Росатома (его доля в проекте - 34%) характерны экономическая неопределенность и политические недостатки. Он призвал министра экономики Яна Вапаавуори дать объяснение решению одобрить проект: В конце концов, конечно же, всю ответственность за промышленную политику страны несет премьер-министр [Александр] Стубб . Рен - один из лидеров оппозиционной партии Финляндский центр , которая будет соперничать с правящей коалицией Стубба на предстоящих выборах. ЕС необходимо занимать единую позицию по отношению к Кремлю, объяснил Рен FT, ведь Европарламент призывал снизить энергозависимость от России и отменить любые запланированные с ней проекты в этой отрасли. Подробнее читайте на нашем сайте www.oilru.com

10 сентября 2014, 18:24

Meet The New Leadership Of Europe: Presenting The "Juncker Commission"

As reported eaelier this morning, here, courtesy of Bloomberg, are the nominees for the next European Commission under the presidency of Jean-Claude "If Serioues Then lie" Juncker, with one from each of the European Union’s 28 countries. Job assignments were announced today by the incoming president, Jean-Claude Juncker of Luxembourg. Juncker sailed through his European Parliament confirmation in July; hearings await the rest in late September, followed by a vote on the whole slate. Juncker got over one hurdle by persuading EU governments to nominate nine women, the minimum demanded by the Parliament. The team includes five former prime ministers and seven veterans of the previous commission. It is scheduled to take office on Nov. 1 for a five-year term. * * * Bloomberg’s list starts with the departmental commissioners, followed by six vice presidents who Juncker said will serve as “coordinators.” Jean-Claude Juncker, 59, Luxembourg. President. Juncker ran Luxembourg for almost 19 years, making him the longest-serving prime minister in EU history. He promises a 300 billion-euro ($388 billion) investment program, mainly by shifting around already earmarked funds, and a “fair deal” to make Britain think twice about quitting the bloc.   Pierre Moscovici, 56, France. Economic and financial affairs, taxation. As French finance minister until last March, Moscovici pushed for pro-growth policies as an antidote to the German-imposed austerity during the euro debt crisis.  Moscovici knows his way around the EU, thanks to a previous stint as France’s EU affairs minister. Conflict-of-interest allegations may accompany him to his new post, since a ruling on France’s budget will be among his first tasks.   Jonathan Hill, 54, Britain. Financial stability, financial services, capital markets union. British Prime Minister David Cameron is sending the low-profile onetime education minister to Brussels to do two things: press Britain’s free-market agenda and keep an eye on the EU machinery ahead of a possible 2017 U.K. referendum on leaving the bloc. He takes over financial regulation from a Frenchman sometimes seen in Britain as hostile to U.K. interests.   Margrethe Vestager, 46, Denmark. Competition. Vestager parlayed a degree in economics into a political career, crowned by three years as economy minister. She made her mark in Brussels by steering talks on bank capital rules during Denmark’s EU presidency in 2012, later playing a key role in the setup of the bloc’s banking union.   Elzbieta Bienkowska, 50, Poland. Internal market, industry, entrepreneurship. In another last-minute nomination, Poland dispatched Bienkowska to Brussels after its first pick, Foreign Minister Radoslaw Sikorski, lost out on the foreign policy job. Now infrastructure and development minister, Bienkowska has spent much of her career parcelling out Poland’s share of EU regional funding.   Guenther Oettinger, 60, Germany. Digital economy. The former German regional politician is among the holdovers from the previous five-year term. As energy commissioner, Oettinger found himself in the middle of  Russia-Ukraine natural-gas wars and EU efforts to diversify its energy supply.   Marianne Thyssen, 58, Belgium. Employment and social affairs. Corporate taxes, bank supervision, the inner workings of the euro, chemical safety and port regulation were among the issues on Thyssen’s plate during more than two decades in the EU Parliament. The trained lawyer also headed the Christian Democratic party in Dutch-speaking Flanders and, like many people mentioned as a possible Belgian prime minister, demurred.   Maros Sefcovic, 48, Slovakia. Transport and space. Another returnee, Sefcovic had the ultimate behind-the-scenes post in the previous commission, responsible for overseeing the bureaucracy and liaising with other EU institutions.   Vytenis Andriukaitis, 63, Lithuania. Health and food safety. A cardiac surgeon, Andriukaitis was in the anti-Soviet resistance during the Cold War and active in Lithuania’s politics since it became independent in 1991. He is currently health minister.   Federica Mogherini, 41, Italy. High representative for foreign policy. Italy’s foreign minister was named the EU’s chief diplomat by national leaders last month, the only job assignment out of Juncker’s control. Mogherini has spent her  career thinking about foreign policy but only six months practicing it, leading to allegations of inexperience. She retorts that she is older than several prime ministers, including her own.   Cecilia Malmstroem, 46, Sweden. Trade. Another commission alumna, Malmstroem headed the department on asylum, immigration and crime-fighting -- areas that are primarily the prerogative of national governments. A doctorate in European politics and parliament experience make her one of the most versatile nominees.   Johannes Hahn, 56, Austria. Neighborhood policy, enlargement. The former Austrian industrialist and research minister is sticking around for a second term. In his first, Hahn doled out the bloc’s annual 45 billion-euro spending on regional aid -- one of those below-the-radar Brussels jobs coveted by EU insiders.   Dimitris Avramopoulos, 61, Greece. Migration and home affairs. Currently Greek defense minister, Avramopoulos’s government career includes stints as mayor of Athens and minister of foreign affairs, tourism and health.  Responsibility for EU migration policy is a coup for Greece, which is grappling with an influx of refugees.   Christos Stylianides, 56, Cyprus. Humanitarian aid and crisis management. The dental surgeon-turned-politician got a taste of the EU limelight as Cypriot government spokesman during the touchiest moments of the debt crisis.   Neven Mimica, 60, Croatia. International cooperation, development. Mimica became Croatia’s first commissioner when it joined the EU in 2013 and was reappointed for a full term. In a diplomatic career that traces to Tito’s Yugoslavia, Mimica also served as European affairs and foreign minister. Consumer protection is his current Brussels beat.   Phil Hogan, 54, Ireland. Agriculture and rural development. Hogan, a former auctioneer, was first elected to parliament in 1989. Appointed environment minister in 2011, his time in office was marked by controversy over forcing households to start paying for their water supply and the introduction of a property tax.   Miguel Arias Canete, 64, Spain. Climate action and energy. Canete’s EU exposure includes serving as Spanish agriculture minister and a member of the EU Parliament’s fisheries committee.   Corina Cretu, 47, Romania. Regional aid policy. In a late switch to get up to the nine-women target, Romania dumped its sitting commissioner, Dacian Ciolos, and nominated Cretu instead. A former journalist, presidential spokeswoman and member of the EU Parliament, Cretu has experience in economic, trade and foreign policy.   Karmenu Vella, 64, Malta. Environment, maritime affairs, fisheries. Vella looks back on an eclectic career as architect, banker, and member of Malta’s parliament since 1976. He is currently tourism minister.   Carlos Moedas, 44, Portugal. Research, science, innovation. A top aide to Portugal’s prime minister, Moedas boasts a background in engineering, a Harvard MBA and Goldman Sachs M&A experience. Portugal’s bailout program has kept him busy since 2011.   Vera Jourova, 50, Czech Republic. Justice, consumers, gender equality. As regional development minister, Jourova has had a hand in dispensing EU subsidies. She has also managed and consulted on investment projects in eastern  Europe and Russia.   Tibor Navracsics, 48, Hungary. Education, culture, youth, citizenship. Hungary’s foreign minister has written books on European politics. Closeness to Prime Minister Viktor Orban, a critic of all things European, made it hard for  Navracsics to land a frontline post.   VICE PRESIDENTS Frans Timmermans, 53, Netherlands. Vice president for better regulation. Stints in Moscow and Brussels dot the resume of the foreign service officer turned politician. As Dutch foreign minister, the polyglot Timmermans earned respect for his solemn response to the downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 over eastern Ukraine, which killed 196 Dutch citizens. Valdis Dombrovskis, 43, Latvia. Vice president for euro and social dialogue. One of the Brussels-bound former prime ministers, Dombrovskis guided Latvia into the euro, quitting in 2013 to take political responsibility for the collapse of a  supermarket roof that killed 54 people. Jyrki Katainen, 42. Finland. Vice president for growth, investment and competitiveness. Katainen was Finnish prime minister at the height of the debt crisis, joining Germany and the Netherlands in a northern bloc of fiscal disciplinarians. He got a head  start in Brussels, taking over economic affairs in July after fellow Finn Olli Rehn was elected to the parliament.   Andrus Ansip, 57, Estonia. Vice president for single market. Ansip fought wayward spending at home and Russian interference from across the border during nine years as Estonia’s prime minister. Fellow leaders lauded his  teenager-like facility with the Internet.   Alenka Bratusek, 44, Slovenia. Vice president for energy union. Another small-country former prime minister seeking redemption in Brussels, Bratusek managed -- just -- to save Slovenia from having to request an EU bailout. Her privatization program proved more popular with the EU than with Slovenian voters, leading to her defeat at the polls in July.   Kristalina Georgieva, 61, Bulgaria. Vice president for EU budget and human resources. Also back for a second term, Georgieva got high marks for managing the EU’s humanitarian aid budget during her first five years in Brussels. A technocrat and longtime World Bank employee, Georgieva was in the running for the foreign policy post that went to Mogherini.       And below, courtesy of tje Open Europe think tank, is a flash analysis of the Juncker Commission, titled, A win for the UK as Lord Hill secures financial services brief in new look European Commission Summary: This looks to be a positive Commission for the UK and the EU. Not only did the UK secure a prime post in terms of financial services, but other crucial posts (Internal Market and Competition) are held by liberal, pro-free trade, non-eurozone countries. Furthermore, the new approach of Vice-Presidents overseeing policy ‘clusters’ sees many of these posts held by liberal eastern member states, whilst the UK will be involved in all the vital clusters – including the Eurozone one. Overall, the setup is favourable in terms of the UK’s key goals of putting the single market at the core of the EU and ensuring euro outs are not underrepresented or overruled by the eurozone. However, it is important to remember that policies matter just as much as personalities; to read Open Europe’s mandate for the new Commission, which outlines policies which could save European taxpayers £200bn, click the link below: http://www.openeurope.org.uk/Content/Documents/Open_Europe_Mandate_for_new_European_Commission_140908.pdf Financial services – a win for the UK In an unexpected turn, the UK’s Lord Hill secured the role of Commissioner for “Financial stability, financial services and capital markets union”. This looks to be an important victory for the UK given that almost everyone ruled out the UK getting a financial services post and comes despite Cameron’s very public opposition to Juncker’s appointment as Commission President. What will this portfolio include? This is spelt out to some extent in a letter from Jean-Claude Juncker to Lord Hill. Overseeing the creation of the banking union – a crucial policy for the Eurozone but also one which threatens to split the EU into euro-ins and outs. In his new role, Lord Hill can ensure this does not happen. Power to review the role of the European supervisory authorities, institutions which have been controversial in the UK since their creation. Responsibility for a Capital Markets Union. While this remains vague it could be a good initiative for the UK since London is already the centre of European capital markets. Lord Hill can base the union around the single market rather than the eurozone. Why is it so important for the UK? The UK currently has two key court cases ongoing at the European Court of Justice, where the UK has challenged the plans for a bankers’ bonus cap and the ECB’s plans limit the clearing of euros outside the single currency bloc. The volume and severity of financial regulation coming out of the EU over the past few years has been significant and a large concern for the City of London. As Commissioner Lord Hill will have a huge role in determining the flow and focus of regulation. Compared to other portfolios, where the influence is often tempered by intergovernmental negotiations, due to the technical and regulatory nature of financial services, the power of the Commission is disproportionately large. Separating out financial services from the internal market has important implications. It allows the remaining internal market to refocus on trade issues rather than being dominated by financial services (see below). With the UK in charge it is also assured that this brief does not become a proxy for Eurozone measures and cannot be hijacked by a eurozone caucus. The role is likely to be overseen by Vice-Presidents Jyrki Katainen and Valdis Dombrovskis, although their exact power remains unclear, and both men tend to have liberal pro-free trade instincts and have not shown overt hostility to financial services previously. All that being said, it will be important to flesh out exactly which areas Lord Hill will have control over and which will fall under the ‘Economic and Financial affairs, Taxation and Customs’ post held by France’s Pierre Moscovici. Given the very different views and approaches of the two men, this split could be very important. Finally, the Commissioner still needs to be approved by the European Parliament (EP). Given its hostility to financial services (and their generally negative view of Anglo-Saxon finance) MEPs could question Lord Hill’s appointment, although the EP has previously never been able to impact the assignment of portfolios. France gets ECON – what does that mean for eurozone?  There will likely be a lot of talk about former French Finance Minister Pierre Moscovici securing the economic portfolio – something Germany originally opposed. However, with former Finnish Prime Minister Jyrki Katainen in the VP post overseeing Moscovici, Germany has ensured that there is a voice in favour of austerity and structural reform to balance out the French preference for fiscal expansion. In any case, Moscovici’s room for manoeuvre is likely to be fairly limited. The economic framework for the Eurozone has already been agreed and the procedure for budget oversight and the European semester remain fairly tight. He can of course adjust the tone, however, decisions in the Eurozone will continue to have an intergovernmental component, not least due to the eurogroup which remains an important forum. Looking forward, there might still be scope for Moscovici to have some impact: Talk of reform contracts or a new deal on structural reforms is growing, and some deal looks likely. He will be a key player in this and will have scope to draw up the proposals. He will also oversee the euro working groups within the Commission which help set a lot of the technical details and requirements in terms of the EU’s economic regulations and national economies. While this might not seem like much on its own, in sum these can have some influence – for example through pushing to adjust how structural deficits or output gaps are calculated. Other parts of his role could also be important. Control over taxation (and specifically the controversial financial transactions tax) could have implications, with more financial taxes or even direct taxes being proposed. Exactly what areas of financial affairs he will have control over is also unclear. On balance, it is unlikely much will change in the Eurozone, at least not due to the Commission. Following action by the ECB, the onus is now back on national capitals and the eurogroup to push ahead with overhauling the Eurozone structures. Netherlands gets ‘better regulation’  Dutch Commissioner Frans Timmermans’ appointment as First Vice-President in charge of better regulation is a positive development for the EU and for Cameron’s reform hopes. A former Foreign Minister, Timmermans was instrumental in coining the Dutch Government’s maxim for EU reform “national where possible, Europe where necessary” and its ‘subsidiarity review’ which had the stated aim of “a more modest, more sober and at the same time more effective” EU. The Dutch Government has already identified 54 specific measures where it wants to see EU legislation scaled back or frozen and Timmermans’ appointment could be a sign that Juncker’s Commission will make a serious attempt to focus EU action on core tasks and give the principle of subsidiarity some teeth. One caveat will be the number of staff and level of leeway which Timmermans is given, if both are limited, so will be his impact. Presenting the new Commission, Juncker said Timmermans will be his “right hand man”. Poland gets Internal market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs The appointment of Poland’s Elzbieta Bienkowska as the Commissioner for the Internal Market is positive from a UK perspective as Poland generally has an economically liberal, pro-trade outlook. It is unclear however how much political capital Bienkowska is willing to invest in trying to break open the deadlock over services liberalisation as this would involve taking on national interests and large parts of the European Parliament. The combination of this area with industry, entrepreneurship and SMEs may allow for more joined up thinking on how best to create a positive environment for business and break down barriers to trading across the EU for all sectors – vital for economic growth. Of course, the exact impact will depend on what falls under this portfolio, given that areas such as the energy union and digital single market could be predominantly handled elsewhere. There is a risk that the internal market role could be hollowed out somewhat, this may be a concern for the UK which wants to see the single market put at the core of the EU (though the two are not mutually exclusive). Having a non-eurozone country in this role is also important for the UK as it helps anchor the view that the single market remains the core uniting principle amongst all EU members. A non-eurozone country may also be more sympathetic and aware of UK concerns over Eurozone abuse of single market rules to help further the agenda of the Eurozone. Sweden gets Trade  A non-eurozone pro-free trade country securing this portfolio is again positive for the UK and the EU more broadly. Cecilia Malmström should continue to the push to secure an agreement on the EU-US free trade agreement (TTIP), however, with the growing sentiment against the agreement Malmström’s free market credentials may make it hard to persuade protectionist forces. Belgium gets key post determining EU migrants' access to benefits  Belgium's Marianne Thyssen, a former MEP, will have a big say over any future amendments to, and the enforcement of EU rules on the free movement of workers and the increasingly politically important issue of EU migrants’ access to benefits. Given the importance of reforming EU rules on access to benefits to David Cameron’s overall EU renegotiation, this will be a key portfolio to watch.     What do the policy ‘clusters’ and super VPs mean?  Juncker has organised his new Commission around a range of clusters (Jobs, Growth and Investment, Digital Single Market, Energy Union and Climate Change Policy, Economic and Monetary Union). Encouragingly for David Cameron, Lord Hill is included in all of them except for the Energy Union – crucially this means the UK has been granted a role in the ‘eurozone’ cluster and can work to ensure that a eurozone caucus does not emerge and threaten the single market. Under the Treaties, Juncker is able to appoint Vice-Presidents of the Commission and decide on the internal workings of the Commission. It is unclear in practice how that would work, but the hope would be that Commissioners in complimentary portfolios could work more closely together. However, in theory, decisions in the College of Commissioners will still be taken by a majority of all Commissioners in a secret vote. Will it work? If the new Vice-Presidents can facilitate better policy co-ordination there is the potential to streamline decision making, although given the many areas of overlap, there is also the potential for turf wars. Smaller member states are well represented in the group of VPs which could lead to de-facto political stalemates in certain areas between high-profile commissioners from larger states and the VPs. In terms of their specific powers, Juncker made clear that the Vice-Presidents “can stop any initiative, including legislative initiatives” of other commissioners – effectively acting as “a filter”. They will also have significant agenda-setting powers, although it remains to be seen how well this arrangement will work in practice.     

06 марта 2014, 12:52

Германия получила нагоняй от Еврокомиссии

Еврокомиссия снова ругает Германию за чрезмерный внешнеторговый профицит, но пока воздерживается от решительных действий.  Европейская комиссия опубликовала свой в углубленный обзор макроэкономических дисбалансов стран-членов ЕС. Среди других снова выделяется Германия. Напомним, что в ноябре немцы уже подверглись критике, причем не только со стороны комиссии, но и со стороны США. Обе стороны призвали Германию простимулировать внутренний спрос, а не наращивать экономику за счет остальных членов Европейского союза. Теперь, когда ситуация повторилась, наблюдатели ждали от Еврокомиссии решительных действий, но этого не произошло. В частности, комиссар ЕС по энергетике Гюнтер Эттингер сообщил, что Евросоюз не будет штрафовать Германию за внешнеторговый профицит. Он также отметил, что власти ЕС намерены проанализировать влияние экспорта Германии на экономику Европы в целом. Однако сам господин Эттингер поспешил отстраниться от наиболее интересующего вопроса, заявив, что если по результатам данного анализа произойдет ограничение немецкого экспорта или наложение штрафа, то он лично не будет согласен с такой позицией. Более того, в заявлениях Еврокомиссии даже звучит такая фраза: "Профицит не является столь высоким риском, как дефицит". Достаточно мягко высказался на этот счет и комиссар ЕС по экономике Олли Рен: "Никто не хочет критиковать Германию за то, что она преуспевает в экспорте. Я хотел бы, чтобы каждая страна ЕС была столь успешна в производстве товаров и их продаже за рубеж, но укрепление внутренних инвестиций и спроса на внутреннем рынке пошло бы Германии на пользу", - отметил он. В общем и целом, Германия, скорее всего, отделается сухой критикой в свой адрес. Но есть проблемы и в других странах. Италия  Италия пополнила клуб европейских стран с чрезмерными дисбалансами в экономике. "Необходимо достичь и поддерживать очень высокие уровни первичного профицита бюджета - выше средних значений за много лет - и достичь солидных темпов роста ВВП в течение длительного периода времени. Это единственный верный путь к снижению соотношения долга к ВВП", - говорится в резюме Еврокомиссии. Такая оценка, наряду с повторными намеками комиссии на хронически слабые темпы роста ВВП Италии, рисует довольно четкую картину задач, которые предстоит решить Маттео Ренци и его правительству. Франция Государственные финансы Франции - еще один повод для беспокойства. Дело в том, что государственный долг страны продолжает расти и Еврокомиссия всерьез опасается, что Париж сможет достичь целевых показателей по дефициту бюджета до 2015 г. А значит, Франции необходимо предпринять дополнительные реформы. Причины спада французской экономики известны: высокие затраты на рабочую в основном за счет высоких налогов на фонд заработной платы, неблагоприятная бизнес-среда и низкий уровень конкуренции в секторе услуг. По сравнению с туманными замечаниями в адрес Германии в данном случае проблемы требуют безотлагательных политических решений. Финляндия В Финляндии есть свои проблемы, но на них мы остановимся достаточно кратко. Комиссия выявила следующие проблемы: необходима реструктуризации промышленного сектора, отмечается ухудшение конкурентоспособности и сокращение численности трудоспособного населения. Положительные моменты  Похвалы удостоилась Испания. Страна выбыла из списка экономик с чрезмерными дисбалансами. По факту из заявления Еврокомиссии, которое будет приведено ниже, можно сделать вывод, что Испания остается под пристальным наблюдением, но уже вне непосредственной опасности санкций. Итак, Еврокомиссия постановила: "Корректировки дисбалансов, выявленных в прошлом году, были существенно сокращены, а экономика страны встала на путь роста". Таковы итоги анализа европейских экономика, теперь самое интересное, каковы будут итоги расследования относительно чрезмерного внешнеторгового профицита Германии.

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09 января 2013, 14:49

Олли Рен: Риск распада еврозоны уже позади

Еврокомиссар по экономике и монетарной политике Олли Рен считает, что экономическая ситуация в еврозоне значительно улучшилась. "К настоящему моменту опасность распада еврозоны миновала", - сказал О.Рен в интервью немецкому изданию, добавив, что необходимо сохранять хладнокровие и продолжать проводить заявленные меры.