Historical drama film stories are based upon historical events and famous people. Some historical dramas are docudramas, which attempt an accurate portrayal of a historical event or biography, to the degree that the available historical research will allow. Other historical dramas are fictionalized tales that are based on an actual person and their deeds, such as Braveheart, which is loosely based on the 13th-century knight William Wallace's fight for Scotland's independence. For films pertaining to the history of East Asia, Central Asia, and South Asia, there are historical period drama films set in Asia, also known as Jidaigeki in Japan. Wuxia films like The Hidden Power of the Dragon Sabre (1984) and Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000), based on novels by Jin Yong and Wang Dulu, have also been produced. Zhang Yimou has directed several acclaimed wuxia films like Hero (2002), House of Flying Daggers (2004) and Curse of the Golden Flower (2006). Although largely fictional some wuxia films are considered historical drama. Samurai films like Zatoichi and Lone Wolf and Cub series also fall under historical drama umbrella. Peplum films also known as sword-and-sandal, is a genre of largely Italian-made historical or biblical epics (costume dramas) that dominated the Italian film industry from 1958 to 1965. Most pepla featured a superhumanly strong man as the protagonist, such as Hercules, Samson, Goliath, Ursus or Italy's own popular folk hero Maciste. These supermen often rescued captive princesses from tyrannical despots and fought mythological creatures. Not all the films were fantasy-based, however. Many featured actual historical personalities such as Julius Caesar, Cleopatra, and Hannibal, although great liberties were taken with the storylines. Gladiators, pirates, knights, Vikings, and slaves rebelling against tyrannical kings were also popular subjects. There are also films based on Medieval narattives like Ridley Scott's historical epics Robin Hood (2010) and Kingdom of Heaven (2005) and the subgenred films based on Arthurian legend as Pendragon: Sword of His Father (2008) and King Arthur (2004). Many historical narratives have been expanded into television series. Notable ancient history inspired TV series include: Rome, Spartacus, Egypt and I Claudius. Tudor England is also very prominent subject in television series like The Tudors, The Virgin Queen and Elizabeth I. Programs about the Napoleonic Wars have also been produced, like Sharpe and Hornblower. Historical soap operas have also been popular, including the Turkish TV series The Magnificent Century and Once Upon A Time In The Ottoman Empire: Rebellion. Chinese studios have also produced television series like The Legend and the Hero, its sequel series, Legend of Chu and Han and The Qin Empire. There have also been produced pure Wuxia television series, many based on works by Jin Yong like Condor Trilogy and Swordsman, also Lu Xiaofeng and Chu Liuxiang by Gu Long. They have been very popular in China, but largely unnoticed in Western media. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historical_fiction
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'Reincarnated king' among 20,000 revellers gathered at ancient monument to watch sun ascend over misty Wiltshire plainThey came in their thousands. Some worshipped, others partied. Many were there simply to enjoy the atmosphere of the summer solstice at Stonehenge.More than 20,000 people were at the ancient monument to greet the sunrise at 4.52am at the start of the longest day of the year. After a warm, moonlit night the mist and mizzle descended, making it impossible to judge the moment when the sun rose over the Wiltshire plain without an accurate watch.But it did not matter much. "I've had a lovely time," said Belle Gay, a 21-year-old pagan from Exeter who was on her first pilgrimage to Stonehenge. "It doesn't concern me that we couldn't actually see the sun rise. That's how nature is – you can't control the elements and that's why it's all so special. It's such a beautiful, peaceful place."Arthur Pendragon, who claims to be a reincarnation of the once and future king and is a poster boy of the pagans at solstice, was keen to make peace his key message.As the sun ascended, invisibly, he called for peace in the east, west, north and south. "That's what it's all about, we want peace and fairness for all," he said.Pendragon, who sports long white robes, set about knighting new followers to his druidic order, the Loyal Arthurian Warband, which he described as the political wing of the religion. "We're the ones who get into trees to stop roadbuilding and take on people like English Heritage over access to the stones. We're sworn to fight for truth, for honour and for justice."It was a busy time for the king. Overnight he had also carried out around a dozen "handfasting" ceremonies – the pagan equivalent of weddings. Husband and wife vow that they will stay together "for a year and a day, eternity and beyond or for however long love will last".The 21st century is proving a good time to be a druid or pagan. Almost 60,000 people in England and Wales described themselves as pagan in the 2011 census.Professor Ronald Hutton, a leading expert on paganism based at Bristol University, said he believed there were at least 100,000 practising pagans in Britain. He pointed out that only a million Church of England devotees go to mass every Sunday, "so paganism matters"Rollo Maughfling, who answers to the grand title archdruid of Stonehenge and Britain, said he believed the religion's green credentials were attractive to many younger people. "More and more people, especially younger ones, are being attracted to our way of doing things," he said. "People realise that we see the divine in nature and that is attractive to more and more people in these troubled times."Steve Harris, 20, from Manchester, had different priorities. "I've lost my mates," he said. He admitted to having drunk an evil-sounding mixture of lager, cider and brandy as well as having smoked "something a bit herbal".He had been dancing away the early hours in the stone circle, where drummers took turns in keeping the beat going through the night. "We danced for a few hours, we drank for a few hours. Now I think I may have missed my lift."Harris said he intended to stay "pretty sozzled" between now and next week when he would be at Glastonbury. The solstice at Stonehenge used to be a staging post for many hippy types heading to the music festival but Glastonbury and Stonehenge have changed over the years. Gone are the ugly clashes between revellers and police that resulted in the stones being closed at solstice.In the 14 years since so-called managed access has been taking place, tensions have eased and the head of Stonehenge for English Heritage, Peter Carson, said he had noticed a greater variety of people attending the solstice. "We're getting more families coming and more overseas visitors. Not everyone is happy at the access but there is much less hostility."By this time next year major changes at Stonehenge will be complete. On Monday, one of the roads that runs close to the stones will be closed and by this time next year it should be grassed over as part of a project to restore one of the key approaches to the site. A new visitor centre is to be opened in December.Meanwhile Wiltshire police were delighted with the night and morning. Superintendent Matt Pullen said: "Solstice 2013 has been a great success, with approximately 21,000 people celebrating in the positive, friendly atmosphere as they waited for sunrise. This year there have been a lower number of arrests compared with previous years, 22 were taken into custody mainly in relation to drugs offences."As the sun rose higher (and, oddly, the temperature dropped) Steve and Debbie Jones, who had made the trek from Hertfordshire, were pushing their one-year-old baby, Stan, in a buggy away from the stones. "We're not pagans, we're not hippies, we just wanted to come and have a look," said Steve. "It was a lovely evening, warm, peaceful, memorable. We'll come back."StonehengeHeritageSteven Morrisguardian.co.uk © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds