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Выбор редакции
10 августа, 00:56

UK defence contractor billed US more than $50m in expenses

Expenses included luxury cars and salaries paid to ‘significant others’ of company’s top executives, according to PentagonA British company hired to help train Afghan intelligence officers billed the US government for more than $50m (£38.4m) in expenses that included luxury cars and salaries paid to the “significant others” of the company’s top executives, according to a Pentagon audit.New Century Consulting (NCC) also spent $42,000 on automatic weapons, using cash to get around a prohibition in the contract on purchasing the firearms and showered other personnel with hefty pay and bonuses. Missouri senator Claire McCaskill summarised the audit’s major findings in a letter to the US defence secretary, Jim Mattis, which she released on Wednesday. Continue reading...

31 июля, 04:56

Глава Минтранса Германии раскритиковал автопром страны на фоне сообщений о картельном сговоре

Министр транспорта Германии Александер Добриндт в интервью Bild раскритиковал автомобильную индустрию страны на фоне дизельного скандала и предполагаемого картельного сговора крупнейших автопроизводителей. «Автоиндустрия поставила себя в очень сложное положение… Автомобильная индустрия полностью несет за это чертову ответственность и должна вернуть к себе доверие и исправить ошибки»,— сказал он.Напомним, в середине июля власти Евросоюза заподозрили Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Porsche и Volkswagen в сговоре. Эти подозрения основывались на показаниях бывшего сотрудника Volkswagen, который рассказал, что более 200 представителей указанных автоконцернов на тайных встречах обсуждали методы сокрытия реальных значений вредных выбросов дизельных моторов.В BMW отрицают картельный сговор. В компании подтвердили факт переговоров…

Выбор редакции
30 июля, 20:52

Tesla, Porsche And Mercedes' Developments Signal Sizeable Switch To Electric

In the last week, three critical events transpired to signal a seismic shift towards electric cars, and much sooner than many experts predicted.

30 июля, 11:44

Граждане Германии перестали доверять немецкому автопрому

Немецкие автопроизводители не заслуживают доверия – так считают более половины (53%) граждан Германии, свидетельствуют результаты опроса, проведенного организацией по изучению общественного мнения Emnid для издания Bild am Sonntag. Лишь 5% респондентов заявили, что Volkswagen, BMW, Audi и другие немецкие марки остаются «очень надежными», передает РИА «Новости» Еще почти 40% согласны с тем, что немецким производителям автомобилей скорее можно доверять. Подавляющее большинство респондентов – 75% – заявили, что нужно ужесточить ответственность для автопроизводителей, совершивших правонарушение. Журнал Spiegel на прошлой неделе сообщил, что ведущие участники автомобильного рынка Германии, среди которых Volkswagen, Audi, Porsche, BMW и Daimler, подозреваются в причастности к картельному сговору. По информации Bild, к сговору также причастна компания Bosch.

30 июля, 03:52

Откуда берётся электричество и КПД электромобилей

Всё больше мировых производителей обещают нам выпустить новые модели электромобилей, даже консервативный Porsche обещает нам Mission E в 2018 году: Часто при обсуждении электромобилей возникают комментарии, что КПД электродвигателя 95%, а у ДВС КПД всего 55%, но электричество у нас не из розетки же берётся. Это действительно всё так, но бензин/дизель в двигатель не сам из мирового эфира попадает. Раз уж мы решили рассматривать потери на полном цикле превращения полезных ископаемых в движение самобеглых повозок, то начнём с самого начала: добычи нефти и газа. Допущения:ДВС: рассмотрим дизельный и бензиновый вариант, хотя дизельного транспорта в России в год продаётся не более 7% от общего числа автомобилей, т.к. основной проблемой для владельцев дизельных автомобилей остается плохое качество дизтоплива на российских АЗС. Действительно, примеси в солярке могут вывести из строя дорогостоящую топливную аппаратуру. Из-за этого в России вцелом не более 2-3% дизельных автомобилей (Москва и Питер — привет!), что можно считать статистической погрешностью. Зато у дизеля теоритический КПД выше.КПД ДВС: заявленные в документации КПД в реальности почти не достигаются из-за узкого диапазона «рабочих» оборотов, и при толкании в городских пробках КПД падает в разы. Но будем оптимистами и применим к идеальным условиям коэффициент 0,5 (Хотя стоило бы взять 0,3). КПД турбированного дизеля (которых ничтожно мало на наших дорогах) составляет 55% в идеальных условиях. КПД бензинового ДВС скромнее и составляет 30% в идеальных условиях. КПД современного электродвигателя достигает 95%. Не плохо, да? Но его ещё зарядить надо, мы это посчитаем. Топливо:Для ДВС надо добыть нефть, доставить на НПЗ, переработать, доставить бензин на базу, потом доставить на АЗС, потом наконец продать. Подробнее тут... Для электромобиля надо добыть газ, закачать в газопровод, закачать в ТЭЦ, выработанное электричество передать по сети в точку зарядки. Почему именно газ и газовые ТЭС?  Мы не в Сингапуре живём, а в России, и тут их больше всего:доля ТЭС – 67%, ГЭС – 21%, АЭС – 11%.  Я бы мог взять АЭС и ГЭС (фактически 1/3 от генерации) — там выбросов вообще 0 экологично и практично, можно принимать КПД аж за 100%, но пожалеем ДВС, будем считать сжигание углеводородов на газовых ЭС. Теплоэнергетика. В России насчитывается 358 тепловых электростанций большой и средней электрической мощностью более 25 МВт. Их общая установленная мощность равна 158,6 ГВт.Список тепловых электростанций РоссииСтруктура по топливу. Структура по топливу на ТЭС следующая: природный газ 71%, уголь 27,5%, жидкое топлива 1%, прочее 0,5%.nnhpe.spbstu.ru/struktura-elektroenergetiki-v-rossii/Природный газ, как топливо для электростанций доступен практически во всех промышленных зонах городов России.Электрический КПД современной газовой электростанции достигает 55–60%. При этом капитальные затраты на 1 МВт/час установленной мощности газовой ТЭЦ составляют всего 50% от угольной, 20% от атомной, 15% от ветровой электростанции.Строительство тепловых электростанций, работающих на природном газе, требует относительно малых инвестиций — в сравнении с электростанциями, работающих на других видах топлива, таких, как уголь, уран, водород.Строительство газовой электростанции занимает всего 14–18 месяцев.Газ экономически эффективнее других видов топлива и альтернативных источников энергии. Потери:Добыча ископаемых — нефть надо качать, газ чуть проще. Транспортировка: Газ по сети газопроводов до электростанции. Нефть по нефтепроводам, транспортом, иногда даже кораблями. Пусть при перекачке теряется пара процентов. Переработка нефти в бензин отнимает процентов 20 энергии конечного продукта, что весьма оптимистично. Потери в ЛЭП на дальние расстояния, возьмём значения из нормативной документации: ЛЭП на 750 КВольт длинной 2200 км имеет КПД 0,9 (см. treugoma.ru/electric-energy/feature-system/) Для электромобиля учтём все возможные потери транспортировки электричества: Повышающая подстанцияКПД линии электропередачи 750 КВольт длинной 2200 км Понижающая подстанцияПотери в городе до зарядного устройстваПотери в зарядном устройствеЗарядка батареи с учётом потерьВ трансмиссиях идёт потеря энергии, для АКПП ДВС это коэффициент 0,85. На электромобилях иногда обходятся вообще без редукторов и прямо подключают двигатель к колёсам, в нашем случае возьмём двухступенчатый редуктор зубчатого зацепления имеющий коэффициент 0,95. Докинем для электромобиля ещё потерь: Нагрев салона/батареи тэном и от охлаждения двигателя и батарейПотери при извлечении энергии из батареиБудем считать что в ДВС этих потерь нет.  Так вот если учесть все потери, получаем таблицу с коэффициентами: Итог:КПД электромобиля: 26,65% КПД дизеля: 13,79% КПД бензинового 7,52% Бензиновые двигатели просто расточительны с точки зрения эффективности использования природных ископаемых. Турбодизели в 1,83 раза эффективнее бензиновых двигателей, но их мало и они очень чувствительны к качеству топлива. Электричесткие двигатели в 3,54 раза эффективнее бензиновых ДВС и в 1,93 раза эффективнее турбодизелей. Даже если предположить, что Нефть сама телепортируется из недр на НПЗ, а затем телепортируется сразу на АЗС без потерь, то КПД дизеля будет всего 18,70%, а бензинового ДВС 10,20% Так будет выглядеть расчёт: То есть даже при таких послаблениях для ДВС, догнать по эффективности электромобили не получается.  Пока электромобили остаются дорогой и экологичной игрушкой для городских пробок и любителей максимального ускорения в любой момент. Надеюсь было интересно и если есть мотивированные уточнения по формулам или коэффициентам — с удовольствием рассмотрю варианты.

30 июля, 02:50

Japanese Are Going "Hog Wild" Buying $19,000 Doomsday Shelters

North Korea’s latest ICBM test demonstrated once again that all of Japan is within striking range of the Kim Jong Un’s missiles, as it has been for a long time. But it appears the North’s intensifying campaign of missile tests, which have increased dramatically in frequency since the beginning of the year, has convinced many wealthy Japanese that a nuclear confrontation could be imminent. At least that’s what a surge in sales at one US-based builder of custom bunkers seems to suggest. The company, Atlas Survival Shelters, says the escalating tensions between President Donald Trump and North Korea have sparked a boom in sales, but not in the markets one might expect, according to Bloomberg. “Business has never been better at Atlas Survival Shelters, which ships bunkers to customers around the world from its U.S. factories. Among the best sellers: the BombNado, with a starting price of $18,999.   The popularity of the company’s doomsday fortifications is no surprise, considering the state of the world in general and, specifically, Kim Jong-Un’s pursuit of a missile that can hit the continental U.S. Curiously, though, the most furious surge of interest isn’t in America but Japan, a country that’s long been within North Korea’s striking distance.   “Japan’s going hog wild right now,” said Ron Hubbard, owner of Atlas Survival. The Montebello, California-based company makes about a dozen different underground refuge models intended to be inhabitable for six months to a year, some outfitted with escape tunnels, decontamination rooms and bulletproof hatches.   While the Japanese have viewed North Korea as a menace for decades, the rogue regime’s July 4 launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile raised the level of alarm among preppers, as some people serious about emergency preparedness call themselves. Japan has its own small bunker-making sector, but the U.S., unique in its abundance of survivalist networks, is ground zero for get-ready-for-Armageddon businesses.” Atlas isn’t the only one: Emergency shelter sales have soared since the beginning of the summer. One company, Rising S Co. of Murchison, Texas, said sales of its steel-clad products have doubled in the past three weeks, with Japanese buyers accounting for 80 percent of this demand. “The company website lays out the many options — a decontamination area, a fitness center, a swimming pool, a gun range, a game room with pool tables, a garage for your Porsche. The Aristocrat, big enough to sleep more than 50 and delivered with a bowling alley, is listed at $8.35 million. North Korea is behind the fresh interest, [General Manager Gary] Lynch said. ‘It’s really not a new threat, it’s just something the media and people are paying attention to.’”Given that recent improvements in North Korea’s missile capabilities have potentially put several coastal US cities within striking distance, it’s surprising that US citizens with the means to afford it aren’t scrambling to buy shelters. One reason for the discrepancy highlighted by Bloomberg is the tone of government rhetoric surrounding North Korea. President Donald Trump has never publicly spoken about precautions that Americans should take in the event of a strike (though this could change once the reality sinks in that NK could very well land a ballistic missile in US territory. Meanwhile, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s government takes the possibility of a strike very seriously. “The government of Shinzo Abe takes it all seriously, regularly updating its civil-protection website with tips (stay inside, keep away from windows) and airing public-interest ads on TV about what to do in event a ballistic missile is en route and the country’s early warning system successfully sounds the alert. Children are given instructions at school — basically, get under your desks.” The announcements have bred what one resident describes as a “culture of fear.” “’People are genuinely afraid,’ said Seiichiro Nishimoto, president of Shelter Co., an Osaka-based installer of air-conditioned nuclear shelters imported from Israel. ‘That’s why we’re getting so many calls.’” In recent years, the market for emergency shelters has evolved to include an ultra-high-end segment that would allow buyers to comfortably ride out the apocalypse – or at least create the illusion that doing so would be possible. Robert Vicino, founder and chief executive officer of Vivos, in Del Mar, California, described features of one of his company’s luxury shelters, which is equipped with nuclear-biological-chemical air-filtration systems, space to store enough food and toilet paper for a year, a diesel generator and an emergency exit shaft. It also has the ability to take a 500,000-pound blast without crumpling. Vivos also sells individual and communal apocalypse “retreats” with amenities like movie theaters and “members only” restaurants and bars, which begs the question: where will they source their employees? “Vivos (“alive” in Spanish) sells models for individual and communal use, and has built subterranean survival communities in the U.S. and Europe. The latest is xPoint, on 9,000 acres in South Dakota, with 575 off-grid dugouts and planned amenities including a community theater, hydr oponic gardens, shooting ranges and a members-only restaurant and bar. The upfront cost to lease one is $25,000. Vicino, the CEO, said about 50 have been leased or reserved so far.” The end times is big business. 

30 июля, 00:45

Долгая жизнь. Какие автомобили признаны самыми надежными в Европе?

АиФ.ru изучает результаты исследования надежности автомобилей с пробегом. Рейтинг — сплошная борьба «немцев» да «японцев» с легким вмешательством автопрома других стран.

Выбор редакции
28 июля, 22:40

В Европе отзовут 22 тысячи автомобилей Porsche Cayenne

В автомобилях Porsche Cayenne с трехлитровым дизельным двигателем скрывали уровень выбросов вредных газов в атмосферу. Компания должна отозвать 22 тысячи автомобилей.

28 июля, 21:54

Electric Vehicles No Threat To Oil Prices Anytime Soon

Authored by David Yager via OilPrice.com, Hardly a day goes by without another media report about the impending demise of the Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) as petroleum powered cars and trucks are replaced by uber-clean Electric Vehicles (EV). It is just a matter of time before EVs start to materially reduce global oil demand thereby capping a meaningful oil price recovery now and creating an ever-shrinking industry in the future. EVs are yet another reason why the decline of petroleum production and consumption is inevitable. Except it isn’t true. Your writer read dozens of articles and attended a conference on the future of EVs. The evidence overwhelming proves they pose no threat to oil prices anytime soon. Following is a summary of the major points. The forecasts for EV growth are all over the map. Late last year investment research outfit Morningstar figured EVs will be 10% of new vehicle sales by 2025 (only 8 years from now!) compared to 1% in 2015. Washington’s Energy Information Administration (EIA) predicted in January cumulative sales of EVs (cars and light trucks) would push 1.4 million by 2025. Last month Morgan Stanley predicted 1 billion EVs would be sold by 2050 and 70% of European vehicles would be electric. Bloomberg New Energy Finance wrote a glowing report on EVs in early July titled The Electric Car Revolution is Accelerating stating “…adoption of emission-free vehicles will happen more quickly than previously estimated because the cost of building cars is falling so fast. The seismic shift will see cars with a plug account a third of the global auto fleet by 2040 and displace about 8 million barrels a day of oil production. In just eight years, electric cars will be as cheap as gasoline vehicles, pushing the global fleet to 550 million by 2050”. When Volvo recently announced it will only produce vehicles with electric motors of some sort – pure EV or hybrid – in a couple of years made global headlines.   EV sales forecasts don’t look intimidating once all the numbers are presented. For perspective, how many cars are there in the world? According to Automotive News, in the U.S. alone there were 18.4 million new cars and light trucks sold in 2016. A year ago, U.S. research house Alliance Bernstein reported that in 2015 there were 1.1 billion cars and 377 million trucks on the world’s roads, quantities expected to rise to 1.5 billion and 507 million respectively by 2025 and 2 billion and 790 billion by 2040. These figures are interesting because if the number of vehicles doubles but EVs are only 25% by 2050 (Bloomberg’s high case) this doesn’t equate to an 8% reduction in oil demand. If the Morningstar prediction above comes true, this would equate to 8.8 million new EVs in 2025 based on worldwide sales of 88 million units in 2016. One of the big issues now emerging is the significant petroleum consumption and emissions of transport trucks for which electrification is not currently practical. And, of course, airplanes only run on refined crude. Bernstein figures Air Revenue Passenger Kilometers, or RPK, which was 9 trillion in 2015, will rise to 12 trillion in 2025 and more than double to 20 trillion by 2040. Oil required for transportation will continue to grow. Of a 42 US gallon barrel of crude 86% ends up transportation fuel (20 gallons gasoline, 12 diesel and 4 jet fuel). And EVs will only capture a meaningful portion of the market if several problems are solved, some highlighted below.   Growth in EV sales thus far have been supported by significant government subsidies. The Tesla website points out just how much the sticker price of its vehicles can be reduced. In America, everyone gets a federal US$7,500 income tax credit then Louisiana adds on as much as US$9,500 “depending on battery choice”. A typical amount from is other states is an additional $1,000 to $$2,500. In Canada Ontario will chip in a Cdn$14,000 tax rebate plus carpool lane access for a single driver. Quebec is at Cdn$3,000 according to the Tesla website. But it is noteworthy how sales plunge when subsidies end. Website qz.com wrote on July 10 how “Nobody in Hong Kong Wants a Tesla Anymore”. Sales plummeted once the subsidy was capped at US$12,500 which raised the cost of one of the higher-end models to US$118,400 from US$72,900. In China BYD, which was once the world’s largest manufacturer of EVs thanks to domination of that market, saw EV sales drop 34% in Q1 2017 once state funding was reduced in January. Late last year Forbes wrote EV sales in Europe were declining in the fall of 2016. In April U.S. auto research firm Edmunds concluded, “Elimination of federal tax credits likely to kill U.S. EV market”, predicting EV sales would crash when the subsidies are withdrawn. Norway proudly trumpets how it has the highest level of EV adoption in the world, but the government pays people to do it. In a great article by thedrive.com in mid-July, the writer reports there are no sales taxes on EVs, owners don’t pay for vehicle registration, ferries and roads tolls are free, and they can drive in bus or HOV lanes. To make sure drivers get with the program Norway charges nearly US$7 a US gallon for gasoline. Norway gets all its EV subsidy money by selling oil to the rest of the world. At US$45 a barrel Norway’s average 2016 production of 2.1 million b/d was worth US$35 billion last year and its sovereign wealth fund is currently totals US$960 billion. Britain and France have announced that by 2040 – 23 years from now – vehicles powered only by ICEs will be banned. But however gloomy that may sound for the oil industry today, that is enough time for 6 elections in both countries which could change everything, the development of new technologies to make ICEs even cleaner and more efficient, and is sufficiently distant to be meaningless for all crude producers except the supermajors.   Are EV’s really green? There has been much written about this subject but it doesn’t make headlines. You have to hunt for it. In article in wired.com on March of 2016 the writer questioned whether or not Tesla was really environmentally friendly. If you recharge with coal-fired electricity the emissions are higher than burning gasoline. The vehicles must be lighter to extend battery life so they require a lot of high performance metals which is hardly environmentally benign to produce (more on lithium later). A researcher wrote, “…the greenhouse gas emissions footprint of electric vehicles can be pretty high on the front end, as they’re being built. We’re shifting pollution, and in the process we’re hoping that it doesn’t have the environmental impact”. Then there’s the safe disposal of the battery after it dies and the local landfill is not the place. In June, the Montreal Economic Institute released a report that claimed subsidizing EVs was “an inefficient way to reduce CO2 emissions”. A spokesman said, “It’s just a waste. Not only do these programs costs taxpayers a fortune, but they also have little effect on GHG emissions”. The study claimed current subsidies in Quebec and Ontario, driven by lofty public government ambitions to grow EV use significantly, cost taxpayers Cdn$523 per tonne of reduced carbon emissions in Ontario and Cdn$288 in Quebec. The cap and trade system Ontario is adopting, mirroring than in California, taxes carbon at Cdn18 per tonne. Alberta’s new carbon tax, which the NDP are selling as a first step in saving the planet from climate change, is Cdn$20.   Beware of looming electricity and lithium shortages. When Bloomberg did its analysis it predicted, “Electricity consumption from EVs will grow to 1,800 terawatt-hours in 2040, or 5 percent of global power demand, from 6 terawatt-hours in 2016”. This is a staggering 3,000 percent increase. Where will it come from? Better not be coal or possibly even natural gas. At a conference held April 3 in Calgary sponsored by ARC Energy Research Institute (AERI) a representative of Bruce Power, the Ontario nuclear electricity generator, said to economically reduce carbon emissions recharging EVs only made sense at night, not during peak load hours. If everybody drove their EVs to work and tried to plug in at the office it would overload the system. Meanwhile, there is speculation whether the world has enough lithium to build all the batteries skyrocketing EV growth would ensure. One analyst has predicted lithium shortages as soon as 2023 and have already delayed Tesla’s output. The solution, which is not all bad for the oil industry, is dual fuel whereby the battery is smaller, the lithium required per vehicle is lower, and mobility is augmented by a smaller ICE using good old-fashioned gasoline.   Then there’s the morality of EV subsidies, which is rarely discussed in the pursuit of slaying the climate change beast. Until Tesla rolled out its Model 3 with a suggested sticker price of US$35,000, earlier models cost a small fortune restricting the number of people able to purchase one. At the AERI conference an automotive industry speaker noted Tesla dominated the market because it was “sexy”. But a look at used vehicle website showed these vehicles costing as much as Cdn$170,000, even second hand. Four pages of ads didn’t have one listed below Cdn$63,700. Is it politically acceptable that Ontario provides Cdn$14,000 in subsidies from all taxpayers to allow the richest people in the province to buy an EV in the same price range as a Porsche, Ferrari or Maserati? And while the subsidies are directed to the vehicle purchase so politicians can count sales numbers, the recharging network is years behind. This will require even more government money because in most places there is insufficient commercial demand for the private sector to justify the investment. EVs are range-restricted with 300 km. being the outer end. Then they take hours to recharge. Colder temperatures impair battery performance as every Canadian driver knows. Is this an intelligent and sustainable use of taxpayer dollars? Kevin Libin, an editorial writer for the Financial Post, wrote a column July 11 titled, “The awesome, unstoppable revolutionary electric-car revolution that doesn’t actually exist”. He wrote, “…because nobody’s really driving these miracle machines, said mania has been limited to breathless news reports about how the EV revolution is about to rock our world. EVs comprise just two-tenths of a percent of all passenger vehicles in North America, despite the media’s endless hype and efforts of green-obsessed governments to cover much of the price tag”. Libin continued, “The real story being missed is just how pathetic things look right now for electric cars. Gasoline prices in the U.S. turned historically cheap in 2015 and stayed cheap, icing demand for gasless cars…Tesla was rocked by a controversial Swedish study that found that making one of its car batteries released as much CO2 as eight years of gasoline-powered driving. And Bloomberg reported last week on a study by Chinese engineers that found electric vehicles, because of battery manufacturing and charging by fossil-fueled electricity, still emit-50 per cent more carbon than internal-combustion engines”. Calgary’s voice of sober second on all matters oil, Peter Tertzakian of AERI, agreed with Libin in an article the same day. He wrote, “The demand for oil is as robust as it’s ever been, thanks to barrels that are priced 60 percent lower than they were three years ago.; the linkage of petroleum to the world economy is actually strengthening, not weakening. But it doesn’t matter. EV mania is affecting the psychology of investors who finance oil assets, services and infrastructure. Fog lights of reason are finding it increasingly difficult to see the future of oil past 2020, because a cloud of uncertainty is thickening around long-term demand”. Tertzakian wrote how more people are asking him somewhat rhetorically, “Looks like the petroleum business is finished, eh?” He responds, “Really? Have you bought an electric car or hybrid?” and the answer is universally no. And nobody else has either. He figures there are two scenarios. The first is tighter capital will “clean out” inefficient oil producers but technology will help oil prices stay lower, “making the consumer decision to switch to EVs more difficult”. The other is shrinking capital investment reducing future production thus leading to a price spike. Tertzakian concludes, “Ironically, progressive oil companies will do well under both scenarios”. Meanwhile, you won’t see any EVs in the oilpatch anytime soon. The EV maximum range of 300 km. remains what many in this business drive before mid-morning when there’s work to be done. And the destination is nowhere near a charging station.

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28 июля, 21:17

Посчитали-прослезились: сколько на самом деле стоят запчасти для Porsche Panamera

Сколько стоит аккумулятор для вашего автомобиля? Держим пари, максимум несколько тысяч рублей. А вот у автомобилей с 48-вольтовой бортовой сетью, в число которых входит и Porsche Panamera, порядок цифр совершенно другой!

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28 июля, 21:03

This is what Jay Leno likes to see in a sports car

Jay Leno and car collector Magnus Walker take a ride in a 1990 Porsche 964 and talk about what makes a good sports car. All New Jay Leno’s Garage Wednesdays 10P ET/PT

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28 июля, 18:22

Mercedes, Porsche hometown braces for ban on diesel cars

The hometown of Mercedes-Benz and Porsche is bracing for a ban on diesel cars starting as soon as January 1.

28 июля, 17:39

Концерн Bosch мог участвовать в картельном сговоре

Появляются новые участники картельного сговора немецких автопроизводителей. Теперь под подозрение попал немецкий поставщик автомобильных компонентов Bosch. Об этом пишет издание Spiegel.

28 июля, 17:39

Концерн Bosch мог участвовать в картельном сговоре

Появляются новые участники картельного сговора немецких автопроизводителей. Теперь под подозрение попал немецкий поставщик автомобильных компонентов Bosch. Об этом пишет издание Spiegel.

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28 июля, 16:50

Гибридный Porsche 911 – это лучший Porsche 911

Несмотря на успешные опыты Porsche с гибридными силовыми установками, до сих пор неизвестно, решатся ли инженеры и маркетологи марки применить аналогичное устройство на культовом суперкаре. Однако, в своем потенциале в Цуффенахузене уверены.

28 июля, 14:42

СМИ: Bosch участвовала в секретных переговорах автопроизводителей

Компания Bosch могла участвовать в сговоре пяти автопроизводителей ФРГ, которые согласовывали свои действия по производству, стоимости и поставкам деталей для автомобилей, сообщила газета Bild. Как сообщила Bild в пятницу, представители Bosch принимали участие в тайных переговорах, в ходе которых предложили автомобильным концернам быстрое и выгодное решение проблем, связанных с очисткой выхлопных газов в дизельных машинах. Также сообщается, что Bosch упомянут в документе, который содержит случаи нарушения правил конкуренции. Его на прошлой неделе направил в антимонопольное ведомство Volkswagen. Издание Spiegel 21 июля сообщило, что в сговоре участвовали Volkswagen, Audi, Porsche, BMW и Daimler. При этом производители преследовали цель свести к минимуму конкуренцию между собой, передает ТАСС.

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28 июля, 14:18

Германия запретила эксплуатацию 22 тыс Porsche

Министерство транспорта Германии потребовало от компании Porsche отзыва с европейского рынка и прекращения продажи 22 тысяч автомобилей с дизельными двигателями.

28 июля, 14:02

Global Markets, Futures Slide Spooked By Poor Amazon Earnings, US Politics

S&P futures have tracked both European and Asian markets lower, which were dragged down by the big EPS miss and guidance cut reported by Amazon on Thursday. Meanwhile, the pounding of the dollar has resumed with the euro and sterling strengthening against the dollar due to renewed political concerns after this morning's stunning failure by the Senate GOP to pass a "skinny" Obamacare repeal after John McCain sided with democrats. AMZN was down 3% after missing on the bottom line, reporting slowing AWS profits, and forecasting Q3 operating income which may be a loss: "It has been a pretty good season for earnings and this is the first big company that has sown a few doubts on that, and it also raises question on where the broader tech sector is headed from here," said Investec economist Victoria Clarke. MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares ex-Japan fell 0.8%, with Samsung Electronics, Asia's largest company by market cap, tumbling 3.5%. The dollar headed for a weekly decline against most of its major peers amid the Federal Reserve’s dovish tone, with traders looking at today's first look at Q2 GDP as the next driver for the currency. Treasuries were flat on the day and set for their first weekly decline in three weeks. In Asia, a selloff in tech stocks prompted by Amazon's results sent benchmark indexes tumbling from Sydney to Hong Kong.  The slide in global tech shares also spread to Europe on heightened concerns about corporate earnings as equity markets opened lower, with technology sector particularly heavy as it catches up with Nasdaq weakness yesterday. French CAC underperforms after earnings misses from L’Oreal (-1.9%) and Renault (-5.7%). Europe's tech index fell 1.4 percent in early trading on Friday, the region's worst-performing sector. "In terms of one story shaping sentiment it is quite remarkable, but markets are also a bit nervous ahead of U.S. GDP numbers due out today," said Investec's Clarke. "The trigger was Amazon but developments overnight on U.S. healthcare has not helped sentiment." German bunds extend a selloff as the country's CPI came in at 1.7%, hotter than the 1.5% expected, confirming the upside risks signaled by strong regional numbers; peripheral European bonds and other core fixed-income markets moved lower in tandem. In economic data out of Europe this morning, German Q2 GDP joined inflation in printing higher than the 1.5%, coming at 1.7%, and above Q1's 1.6%. Spanish GDP printed at +0.9%qoq in the second quarter of 2017, in line with consensus expectations, posting the best reading since 2015. Meanwhile, French GDP grew by +0.5%qoq in Q2. This was also in line with consensus. The GDP growth reflected a large positive contribution from external net trade (+0.8pp), driven by a rebound in exports (+3.1%qoq) after a decline of 0.7% in Q1. Imports were slightly up on the quarter (+0.2%qoq). Changes in inventories contributed negatively with 0.6pp, reversing the positive contribution in Q1 (+0.7pp), whereas domestic demand (excl. inventories) contributed +0.4pp, similar to the previous quarter. The Swiss franc plunged for a fourth day versus the euro, reaching its weakest level since 2015, just shy of 1.14, following numerous stop hits and position unwinds as well as concerns about upcoming tapering by the ECB. The pair spiked as daily fix requirements in Tokyo triggered large stops, traders quoted by Bloomberg said. The CitiFX eTrading team noted that overnight in Asia, “USDCHF saw 6x and EURCHF seeing 11x its average interest over the session so far. The market seems to have been spooked by the unexpected moves in CHF as well with liquidity density lower across the board.” SEK jumped after Swedish GDP beat estimates by 0.8ppt. The GBP was moved around by FT reports that the UK Chancellor Hammond seeks an “off the shelf” Brexit transition. Citi's take: “The government appears to be shifting towards effectively extending EU membership by adopting a “Norway-plus” model (membership of the European Economic Area plus customs union). While this would be the most benign outcome for the economy short of staying in the EU, there are reasons to remain cautious, in our view.” The dollar was pressured ahead of U.S. growth data while Treasuries were flat. Oil prices held near eight-week highs hit on Thursday after key OPEC members pledged to reduce exports and the U.S. government reported a sharp decline in crude inventories. Brent crude futures were at $51.52 per barrel, up slightly in European trading and close to highs of $51.64 hit on Thursday. Today's economic data include the closely watched first estimate of 2Q GDP, UMichigan consumer sentiment, while among the more notable earnings releases include Exxon, Chevron, Merck & Co, AbbVie. U.S. Market Snapshot S&P 500 futures down 0.4% to 2,462.50 Nasdaq futures down 0.9% to 5858 STOXX Europe 600 down 1% to 378.53 MXAP down 0.7% to 159.29 MXAPJ down 1.1% to 525.32 Nikkei down 0.6% to 19,959.84 Topix down 0.4% to 1,621.22 Hang Seng Index down 0.6% to 26,979.39 Shanghai Composite up 0.1% to 3,253.24 Sensex down 0.5% to 32,220.77 Australia S&P/ASX 200 down 1.4% to 5,702.82 Kospi down 1.7% to 2,400.99 German 10Y yield rose 2.4 bps to 0.56% Euro up 0.2% to 1.1705 per US$ Italian 10Y yield fell 3.4 bps to 1.802% Spanish 10Y yield rose 3.4 bps to 1.541% Brent Futures up 0.4% to $51.68/bbl Gold spot up 0.03% to $1,259.51 U.S. Dollar Index down 0.1% to 93.75 Top Overnight News The Swiss franc’s slide extended on bets that a tapering announcement by the ECB later this year will spur more selling of the haven currency The German and French economies showed signs of renewed impetus in the second quarter, underpinning the growth momentum the European Central Bank is banking on to boost inflation Sweden’s economy grew at a considerably faster pace last quarter than predicted by analysts, adding pressure on the central bank to focus on the timing of an exit from years of extreme monetary stimulus A months-long effort by Senate Republicans to pass health legislation collapsed early Friday after GOP Senator John McCain joined two of his colleagues to block a stripped-down Obamacare repeal bill Russia Orders U.S. to Reduce Diplomatic Staff in Russia Jeffrey Immelt, the outgoing chief executive officer at General Electric Co., is on a narrowing list of candidates to take over as head of Uber Technologies Inc. Amazon.com Inc. reminded investors that luring shoppers away from stores and dominating the cloud-computing industry isn’t cheap BNP Paribas SA is showing it’s still possible to build a big investment bank franchise from Europe Trudeau Officials Are Said to Fear Impact of Speedy Hikes Citigroup Adds Wilson as Head of Electronic, Algorithmic Trading U.S. Safety Regulators Expand Probe of Exhaust in Ford SUVs Electronic Arts CEO Says VR Will Take 2 Years to Reach Masses Amgen’s Repatha sBLA Gets Priority FDA Review for Heart Attacks Boeing To Lay Off 220 Puget Sound Workers Expedia Invests $350m in Indonesia’s Traveloka UBS Shares Drop Most Since January as Capital Ratio Declines Thiam ‘Feeling Good’ as Credit Suisse Overhaul Gains Traction Komatsu Joins Rivals to Flag China Rebound as Profit Doubles Asia equity markets traded negative across the board following the indecisive tone on Wall St. where tech stocks underperformed as the Nasdaq Comp pulled back from record levels, while data releases also proved to be uninspiring. ASX 200, was the laggard amid broad-based weakness and profit taking in commodity stocks, while Nikkei 225, was pressured by a firmer JPY, with weaker than expected Retail Sales and mostly inline inflation data also keeping sentiment tame. Furthermore, Toshiba shares fell off a cliff with losses of over 10% amid several negative news reports for the Co. Shanghai Comp. and Hang Seng also conformed to the downbeat tone in the region, although downside in the mainland was stemmed after another respectable liquidity operation by the PBoC. 10yr JGBs failed to benefit from the risk averse tone and the BoJ's Rinban announcement for over JPY ltln of government debt, as demand remained subdued following weakness in USTs amid heavy corporate supply. PBoC injected CNY 100bln in 7-day reverse repos and CNY 40bln in 14-day reverse repos, for a weekly net injection of CNY 280b1n vs. Prey. CNY 510bln injection last week. BOJ Summary of Opinions from July 19th-20th stated year on year change in CPI is likely to increase gradually towards 2% with the inflation target likely to be reached by around fiscal 2019. Furthermore, there was an opinion that the range of the target level of 10yr JGB yields should not be interpreted too strictly, while there was an opinion that it is appropriate to set the new target of JGB purchases at a yearly pace of roughly JPY 45TN and then reduce the pace of purchases in an orderly and incremental manner.  Japanese National CPI (Jun) Y/Y 0.4% vs. Exp. 0.4% (Prey. 0.4%). Japanese National CPI Ex-Fresh Food (Jun) Y/Y 0.4% vs. Exp. 0.4% (Prey. 0.4%) Top Asian News Pakistan Court Orders Prime Minister to Resign Due to Corruption Japanese CPI Stalls at 0.4 Percent Even as Job Market Tightens Instagram Posts Will Soon Help Sniff Out Tax Fraud in India Taiwan Economy Grows Less Than Forecast on Weak Domestic Demand Amazon’s ‘Prime Now’ Service Stalls Upon Entry in Singapore HSBC Sees PBOC Boosting Market Rates, Bond Yields Rising to 4% Pakistan Court Orders Sharif Disqualification on Graft Charges European equity markets continue to be led by earnings, and have opened lower, not helped by the lagging tech sector in the US. Sector specific, telecoms lag, as heavyweight BT's poor report has weighed. Europe does trade fairly subdued as a whole however, with much focus on the German CPI data. Top European News Renault Shares Tumble as Company Sees Price Pressures Rising BNP Shows Europe Can Still Build Investment-Bank Champions Santander Starts to Steady Popular Unit as Profit Increases SEB Expects More Hawkish Riksbank Following Strong Swedish GDP German Court Revokes Decision to Halt Opal Gas Capacity Auctions Diesel Battle Moves to German Court as Porsche Recalls Cayenne Sweden’s Economy Soared in Second Quarter, Trouncing Estimates Merkel Bloc Support at Highest in Nearly Two Years in Poll Sweden Prel. 2Q GDP Grew Quarterly 1.7% vs Est. Growth 0.9% In currencies, the EUR has seen some buying as the German regionals filter out, with the M/M figures across the board being revised higher. Elsewhere, FX volatility remains fairly quiet as a volatile week comes to a close. UK Finance Minister Hammond was reported in the FT through the European morning, expressing his optimism toward migration and trade between the UK and EU. Markets were unreactive to the Minister's comments; however, GBP/USD continues to see some marginal recovery, aided by the recent dampening in the greenback. The pair trades largely in tandem with EUR/USD currently, with a similar 4h trendline keeping the pair ahead of 1.3050. In commodities, oil markets have seen a bullish week and have not looked back since the rejection of the USD 42.00/bbl Looking at the day ahead today, it's a busy end to the week in the US as we will open with the advance Q2 GDP report (2.7% annualized QoQ expected; 1.4% previous), along with the Q2 Personal consumption numbers (+2.8% expected; Core PCE +0.7% QoQ expected). Later in the day we will also get the final University of Michigan consumer sentiment reading for July with no revisions expected (93.1 expected). US Event Calendar 8:30am: Revisions: GDP data from 2014-16; reference year remains 2009 GDP Annualized QoQ, est. 2.7%, prior 1.4% Personal Consumption, est. 2.8%, prior 1.1% GDP Price Index, est. 1.3%, prior 1.9% Core PCE QoQ, est. 0.7%, prior 2.0% 8:30am: Employment Cost Index, est. 0.6%, prior 0.8% 10am: U. of Mich. Sentiment, est. 93.1, prior 93.1; Current Conditions, prior 113.2; Expectations, prior 80.2 DB's Jim Reid concludes the overnight wrap Markets had a messy hour or so last night as well. Before this it was looking like another day of ultra low vol and the 11th day in a row with the VIX below 10. However a sudden US lunchtime spike higher in the VIX (from 9.16 to 11.46 in not much more than an hour) and a fall in US equities - especially the NASDAQ that went from record intra-day highs and up +0.5% to down -1.5% 90 minutes later - broke the calm. In a very low vol world this felt a bit like a flash crash but the reality is that in more normal markets we probably wouldn't be making too big a deal about it. Some blamed a broker note suggesting the end of the low vol environment was nigh but there was nothing concrete causing the sell-off. In fact, markets slowly recovered into the close with the VIX touching 10 again before closing at 10.11. Meanwhile the NASDAQ 'only' closed down -0.63%, with the S&P 500 rallying 0.5% from the lows to close -0.10%. Meanwhile the Dow shrugged off the early afternoon slump to close at the days high and a new record (+0.39%), helped by strong results from Verizon (+7%). The tech stocks continued to attract attention after the bell with Amazon’s results disappointing (-3%), but Intel beating and up ~3%. NASDAQ futures are down -0.6% this morning. Earlier European markets were mixed, the Stoxx 600 fell 0.1%, with gains in the telco (+1.3%) and real estate sector broadly offset by losses in health care (-1.2%) and utilities. Across the region, the DAX (-0.8%), FTSE 100 (-0.1%) and CAC (-0.1%) all softened, but the Italian FTSE MIB was up slightly (+0.3%). After that brief excitement, it could be a relatively interesting end to the week with the highlights being German and French flash CPI figures this morning and US Q2 GDP this afternoon. Any inflation data is being scrutinised for price pressure clues (or lack of them) at the moment and US growth is always interesting (Bloomberg consensus at 2.7% for Q2). Talking of inflation, overnight we've seen Japan release their latest monthly figures with June nationwide CPI +0.4% YoY (May: +0.4%), core CPI excluding fresh food was +0.4% (+0.4%), BoJ's core CPI excluding fresh food and energy was 0.0% (0.0%), and core-core CPI excluding food and energy was -0.2% (-0.2%). The report was broadly in-line with consensus but one that still leaves the BoJ well below their target. This morning in Asia, markets took cues from the US mini-sell-off, with bourses all softening, the Nikkei (-0.4%), Kospi (-1.3%), Hang Seng (-0.6%) and the Shanghai Comp down -0.1%. Away from the markets, there was more voting drama in the attempt to repeal Obamacare. Five Senate Republicans said they would only vote for the skinny repeal of Obamacare if they got assurance that passage would only be a stepping stone to a conference committee to come up with a fuller repeal and replacement. Later on, House speaker Ryan provided such assurance. That said, forward plans remains uncertain, with the likely outcome featuring various amendment votes. Elsewhere, Republican leaders said that due to unknowns associated with the border adjusted tax (BAT), it will NOT be part of negotiations on how to overhaul the US tax code. This clarification does raise the issue of how the Republicans will find other sources of revenue, as White House speaker Ryan’s BAT concept was expected to raise $1trn of tax revenue over a decade. Talking of politics, the Brexit negotiations appear to be facing communication issues, EU Brexit negotiator Barnier told EU ambassadors that he doesn't expect enough progress will be made by October to allow for the start of talks on the future relationship with the UK. Conversely, UK responded by saying it was confident it would make enough progress by October. Back to yesterday, in Europe the STOXX 600 index dipped slightly lower by -0.1% but still remains marginally up on the week (+0.6% WTD). Key regional indices also posted losses with the DAX (-0.8%), FTSE (-0.1%) and CAC (-0.1%) all down on the day. At the other end of the risk spectrum we saw some divergence in yield moves between Europe and the US with the former playing catch-up with the Fed inspired Treasury rally from the night before. Interestingly even with the sharp lunchtime falls in US equities Treasuries continued to retrace the post Fed moves to end the day +1bps (2yr) and +3bps (10 yr) higher. Yields have dipped a bps overnight again though. German Bund yields earlier dropped across all maturities (2Y -1bp; 10Y -3bps) with Gilts (2Y -3bps; 10Y -3bps), OATs (2Y -2bps; 10Y -1bp) and BTPs (10Y -3bps) also seeing falling yields. Over in FX markets we saw the US dollar index rise (+0.3%) to erase nearly all of the previous day’s losses. Both the Euro (-0.5%) and Sterling (-0.4%) fell on the back of dollar gains. Over in commodities we saw nearly all segments trade higher yesterday. The energy sector continues to perform well across the board with oil trading higher again (WTI +0.8%), and is now up every day this week so far with gains of over +7% WTD. Precious metals (Gold +0.9%; Silver +1.0%) and industrial metals (Copper +1.7%; Aluminium +0.6%) ticked up on the day as well, as did the broader agricultural commodity complex (Corn +0.9%; Wheat +0.7%). Yesterday was fairly quiet in terms of data out of Europe. We opened with the German GfK Consumer Confidence indicator for August which marginally beat expectations at 10.8 (vs. 10.6 expected; 10.6 previous), and later on saw Euro area M3 money supply for June grow in line with expectations at 5.0% YoY (5.0% previous). In the US, it was a busy day with most interest on the June durable goods orders report. Headline orders were better than expected at 6.5% mom (vs. 3.9% expected; -0.1% previous), mainly due to a material lift in the orders for aircraft and parts. Excluding transportation items, orders rose just 0.2% mom (vs. 0.4% expected), but the softer result was made more palatable as the prior month’s data was revised up to 0.6% (from 0.3%). In other news, Wholesale inventories beat expectations, up 0.6% mom in June (vs. 0.3% expected; 0.4% previous), as did retail inventories. The Chicago Fed’s National Activity Index also moved back above zero to 0.13 in June, signalling that growth is slightly above trend. Initial jobless claims stood at 244k last week, so that the four-week average remained at 244k. Looking at the day ahead today, in Europe we will open with the Q2 GDP reading for France (+1.6% YoY expected; 1.1% previous). Following that we will get flash July CPI readings for France (+0.8% YoY / -0.4% mom expected) and Germany (+1.4% YoY / +0.3% mom expected). Euro area economic confidence (110.8 expected), business climate (1.14 expected), industrial confidence (4.4 expected) and services confidence (13.4) indicators for July are also due, along with the final reading for the July consumer confidence indicator where no revisions are expected (-1.7 expected). It’s a busy end to the week in the US as we will open with the advance Q2 GDP report (2.7% annualized QoQ expected; 1.4% previous), along with the Q2 Personal consumption numbers (+2.8% expected; Core PCE +0.7% QoQ expected). Later in the day we will also get the final University of Michigan consumer sentiment reading for July with no revisions expected (93.1 expected). Away from economic data we will see earnings season continue tomorrow as American Airlines, Chevron, Exxon Mobil and Merck are due to report in the US tomorrow. In Europe we have BNP and UBS reporting as well.

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28 июля, 13:45

Компания Porsche променяла гонки на выносливость на "электрическую формулу"

Последние изменения в составах участников гоночных чемпионатов красноречиво говорят о том, в каком направлении будет развиваться автопром в ближайшем будущем: вслед за Mercedes компания Porsche заинтересовалась гонками электроболидов, завершив ради них крайне успешные выступления в чемпионате WEC.

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28 июля, 11:46

Власти Германии потребовали отозвать с рынка 22 тыс. Porsche Cayenne

Министерство транспорта Германии потребовало от компании Porsche отзыва с европейского рынка и прекращения продажи 22 тыс. автомобилей с дизельными двигателями, на которых установлены незаконные устройства, занижающие показатели вредных выбросов.

22 сентября 2015, 19:37

Концепт-кары на салоне во Франкфурте - "высокое шитье" автомобилестроения - hi-tech

Франкфуртский салон - выставка настоящих и будущих достижений международного автопрома: инженеры "Порше" показали прототип электрокара, например, их коллеги-конкуренты из концерна "Даймлер" продемонстрировали новинки для модельной линейки "Мерседесов", толпились посетители и на стенде "Бугатти", которые продаются по цене драгоценностей, и на стенде "Хонды", которая "целится" в иную страту покупателей. "Порше" в своей модели-прототипе вовсе отказывается от зеркал бокового обзора и заднего вида -… ЧИТАТЬ ДАЛЕЕ: http://ru.euronews.com/2015/09/22/hi-tech-frankfurt-motor-show euronews: самый популярный новостной канал в Европе. Подписывайтесь! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=euronewsru euronews доступен на 13 языках: https://www.youtube.com/user/euronewsnetwork/channels На русском: Сайт: http://ru.euronews.com Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/euronews Twitter: http://twitter.com/euronewsru Google+: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/101036888397116664208/100240575545901894719/posts?pageId=101036888397116664208 VKontakte: http://vk.com/ru.euronews

09 апреля 2015, 07:05

Общемировая статистика продаж авто

В России продолжает рушиться авторынок. За март продажи рухнули на 42.5%, а за 1 квартал падение на 36.3% по сравнению с 2014. Это при том, что база сравнения относительно низкая. В 2014 году совокупные продажи авто были примерно на 20% ниже от максимумов 2012 и 2008.В марте полная катастрофа у Chevrolet, Mitsubishi, Ford, Opel, Peugeot, Citroen. Там продажи рухнули в три и более раза. В марте только Porsche показывает рост среди автомарок с объемом продажи более 500 штук в месяц.За первый квартал рекорды роста бьют Mercedes (еще никогда в своей истории Daimler не продавал столько Мерсов в России). Теперь в штуках Mercedes продается более активно, чем бюджетные Chevrolet, Mazda или Ford. В стоимостном выражении уже входят в ТОП 5 ведущих дилеров в России – немыслимо! Вот, что кризис творит с людьми! Вообще народ пересаживается с дешевых авто на дорогие. Lexus тоже активно растет ) Шутка )) На самом деле просто реализация отложенных покупок среди той небольшой группы людей, у которых остались деньги. Мерсы в отличие от конкурентов держали цены до упора, вот и результат.Более показательны как раз бюджетные модели, именно по ним можно оценить спрос среди широких слоев населения. Там диапазон падения от 30% до 80% Это говорит о глубине кризиса. Чудес не бывает. Рекордная с 1998 года инфляция, максимальное опять же с 1998 года падение реальных доходов населения, сокращение кредитования впервые с 2009, тенденция на рост безработицы. Все это не может пройти бесследно.Если разрушительные процессы продолжатся, то рынок может схлопнуться до 1.5 млн проданных авто в год на первичном рынке, что станет минимумом с 2009 и самым низким показателем с 2003 года.Далее статистика по проданным авто на первичном рынке по странам мира (пассажирский транспорт и легкий коммерческий). Грузовые авто здесь не учитываются.Таблица получилась цветастая, но задача состояла в том, чтобы цветовая индикация позволила быстро оценить тенденции по каждой выбранной стране. Красный фон в 2014 году означает, что минимум продаж за десятилетие, а зеленый фон – наоборот.Украина успешно сомализируется. За год продажи упали на 55%, а от максимума 2008 рухнули более, чем в 6 раз! Даже в каком то, блин, Марокко продают больше авто, чем на Украине ).Китай творит чудеса. С 2005 года продажи авто выросли в 4 раза! Сейчас почти каждый четвертый проданный авто в мире реализуется в Китае! По Европе в целом продажи на минимуме или вблизи минимумов. В 2014 по большинству европейских стран был весьма жалкий отскок от дна, но общая тенденция пока не меняется. В США продажи почти восстановились, в Японии продажи вышли на докризисный уровень, однако значительно ниже, чем в 1990-х. В 2014 году продажи авто ощутимо упали в Бразилии, России, Таиланде, Аргентине и Чили.Если сравнивать продажи в 2014 относительно максимума за 10 лет, то хуже всего во Франции, России, Италии, Испании – это среди наиболее крупных стран. Полный расклад в таблице в последнем столбце.По пассажирским авто расклад примерно аналогичныйКстати, весьма любопытно то, что не смотря на действующие санкции и более низкие цены на нефть в 2014, чем в 2013, Иран успешно восстановился, по крайней мере, по реализации авто.