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07 декабря, 08:00

ООН: половина населения ЦАР нуждается в гуманитарной помощи

Одной из самых острых проблем для региона Центральной Африки остается деятельность группировки «Боко Харам». Об этом говорится в новом докладе Генерального секретаря ООН о ситуации в регионе.

06 декабря, 14:45

From Fiji to Sweden: how a Scottish cricket coach taught the world to play

Colin Siller has enjoyed a nomadic career in his beloved sport, from playing in Northern Ireland to coaching in Fiji, Austria, Sweden, Rwanda and CanadaBy Jonathan Drennan for Behind the Lines, part of the Guardian Sport NetworkColin Siller is an unlikely cricketing disciple. He was born and bred in Edinburgh, but somehow has made spreading cricket across the globe his life’s mission. Siller has been the national cricket coach of Rwanda, Austria, Fiji and Sweden and the assistant coach of Canada. The Scotsman’s life has been dominated by cricket and the sport remains his passion. “When I’m asked to describe myself, I just say cricket. It defines everything about me, it’s what I think about every day. I wake up in the morning and check out the results from all over the world and think about the players I’ve looked after, it’s been everything to me.”Siller owes his passion for cricket to his mother. Mrs Siller spent three years working as a nurse in Melbourne and played social cricket in a women’s league before returning home to Scotland. Siller’s early forays as a spin bowler in the Scottish club game were encouraged by his mother and he became a strong player. His first job after leaving school was playing as a cricket professional in north Wales; he would alternate between Great Britain in the summer and the southern hemisphere in the British winter. Continue reading...

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05 декабря, 17:19

Rwanda: Sweet Dreams - REWIND

How ice cream and drumming helped heal some of the scars of the Rwandan genocide.

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05 декабря, 17:09

Rwanda: Sweet Dreams

How ice cream and drumming helped heal some of the scars of the Rwandan genocide.

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05 декабря, 14:00

Chat without the Internet using nFrnds

Created by Alliance Nyirakarinka. Ktpress reports:...The Biomedical Laboratory student at INES (Institut d’Enseignement Superieur de Ruhengeri) has developed nFrnds – an application similar to Whatsapp. But on her App, subscribers can chat freely without internet. Nyirakarinka 23 developed the App idea after attending rigorous training by nFrnds platform – an Israel company that provides software to social enterprises working to support people who cannot afford digital world means.More here

05 декабря, 13:53

FACT SHEET: The Obama Administration Announces New Steps to Advance Soil Sustainability

Today, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), in collaboration with Federal agencies and private-sector stakeholders, is announcing new steps to work towards the long-term health and sustainable use of one of America’s most important natural resources: its soil. OSTP is also releasing today a Federal framework for soil science, developed in collaboration with more than a dozen Federal agencies, with input from approximately 80 stakeholders from academia, industry, non-profit organizations, and the agricultural community. Soil is essential to human life. Not only is it vital for providing most of the world’s food, but it also plays a critical role in ensuring water quality and availability; supports a vast array of non-food products and benefits, including mitigation of climate change; and sustains the biodiversity needed for ecological resilience. These roles make soil essential to modern life. Thus, it is imperative that everyone—city dwellers, farmers and ranchers, land owners, and rural citizens alike—take responsibility for caring for and investing in our soils. Given their importance, soil must be protected from degradation, as the alternative is the loss of an array of important ecosystem services. The new actions being announced today aim to advance scientific understanding of soils so that land managers and farmers are better able to care for them and maintain their ability to support food security, climate mitigation, ecosystem services, and public health. These actions focus on three key areas: Promoting interdisciplinary research and education, to answer key questions on rates of soil genesis and erosion, the role of soils in bioenergy production, the development of advanced soil sensors, and research to better understand non-agricultural soils. Advancing computational tools and modeling, to improve analytical capacity and develop a robust predictive framework in studying soil properties, including pursuing a more sophisticated understanding of soil-carbon fluxes and the potential for soil-carbon sequestration. Expanding sustainable agricultural practices, to ensure farmers and ranchers have the information and tools they need to protect and enhance agricultural soils and ensure global soils can continue to provide food security and climate benefits for future generations. The projects in this Fact Sheet build on decades of experience, research, and conservation efforts of farmers, ranchers, and land owners, along with States and the Federal Government. Since the 1930s, when the onset of the Dust Bowl led to the creation of the Soil Conservation Service, Federal agencies have invested tens of billions of dollars in soil conservation and research initiatives. During this Administration, land managers have increased the number of acres of farmland enrolled in the Department of Agriculture’s conservation programs by nearly 200 million acres. Federal soil-science efforts are not limited to agricultural soils—across the Federal research enterprise, more than a dozen agencies work to protect soils in rangelands, cities, forests, coasts, and other areas—often working hand-in-hand with citizens, universities, local organizations, and other private-sector partners. New Steps Being Taken by the Administration Today To support the coordination of future government-wide science and technology efforts to protect soils, the National Science and Technology Council’s Soil Science Interagency Working Group (SSIWG) is releasing today “The State and Future of U.S. Soils,” a Framework for a Federal Strategic Plan for Soil Science, which is the result of a collaborative effort from more than 15 Federal agencies. In developing the Framework, SSIWG considered input from stakeholders from academia, industry, non-profit organizations, and the agricultural community who attended an OSTP workshop on soils in August 2016. The Framework is available for public comment until January 10, 2017. SSIWG intends to use it to inform the future development of a comprehensive Federal Strategic Plan for Soil Science. The Framework sets forth the most important threats to U.S. soils and potential Federal research priorities. It identifies three overarching “Challenge and Opportunity” categories: (1) land use and land cover change; (2) unsustainable land management practices, and (3) climate and environmental change. It also lists potential priorities for future Federal science and technology efforts. In addition, several Federal agencies are supporting the development of the Strategic Plan by expanding their research and conservation initiatives: Promoting Interdisciplinary Research and Education                             The Department of Energy’s (DOE) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory will commit $20 million in Federal funds to soil research, $10 million of which will be used to launch a new flagship soil-plant-atmosphere integrated research program. DOE’s Office of Science will expand its Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiments to support a new research station in Alaska’s Seward Peninsula to study soil carbon in permafrost regions. To support new biological and environmental research on soil, DOE’s Office of Science is proposing an additional $3 million over the next three years to support interagency research on soil carbon, and up to an additional $5 million over the next year for research on watershed soil biogeochemistry. The Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is expanding investments in soil research over the next five years by increasing its investments in more than two dozen of their research programs related to soil science. These include efforts to address climate change and further develop ARS’ Long-Term Agroecological Research (LTAR) network. ARS will also hire a National Program Leader for Soil Biology, into a newly created position to enhance the agency’s research programs at the intersection of earth and life sciences. USDA’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) will create opportunities for soil science funding by encouraging research in soil health in its Agriculture and Food Research Initiative’s Education and Literacy Initiative, which funds graduate education and postdoctoral research. The Smithsonian Institution will develop new educational materials on preventing soil erosion for up to 6.5 million students; these materials will be included in its comprehensive Elementary curriculum called “Smithsonian Science for the Classroom” and will be distributed to 1,454 school districts in all 50 states. The Smithsonian Institution will also launch four long-term research initiatives focused on soil science: Impacts of Soil Hydrology on Tree Biodiversity: A new program to study the relationship between tree species diversity and soil hydrology, by wiring a tree experiment designed to operate for 100 years with sensors that link tree water demand to soil moisture. Researching Soil Fungi to Conserve Orchids: A new North American Orchid Conservation Center to establish an international program, and build an inventory of soil fungi collected across a gradient of disturbance. Soils Supporting Estuaries: A new research program, in collaboration with several universities, to understand how coastal marshes cycle atmospheric carbon dioxide and how to represent the process in Earth system models. Soil Warming in Tropical Rainforests: A new long-term experiment to help scientists forecast changes in tropical forest soil-carbon stocks as they continue to warm. Advancing Computational Tools and Modeling DOE’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory will invest $450,000 to develop highly controlled environments that reproduce key parameters of agricultural ecosystems to better understand plant-soil-microbiome interactions. The Eco-FAB project will leverage synthetic biology tools to help prevent soil erosion, improve soil productivity, and support rural agricultural development. The U.S. Geological Survey, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as well as state agencies, universities and the private sector are collaborating to develop and expand a National Soil Moisture Network. The goal of this network is to provide a product that represents real-time soil moisture across the United States using in situ, remote sensing and modeling information that can be used for research and monitoring on drought, agricultural productivity, and more. USDA’s Forest Service will extend research efforts as part of its Forest Inventory and Analysis Program (FIA) to develop models integrating soil, climate, and geospatial data and to predict carbon stocks on forest land, and will publicly release long-term data from its soil and litter surveys. Additional research in this program will contribute to improved methods. Expanding Sustainable Agricultural Practices DOE’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) and The Nature Conservancy (TNC) will collaborate to advance soil health through a new Memorandum of Understanding to accelerate the research, development, and deployment of new innovations in soil-carbon and crop systems. Through shared technical expertise, knowledge and experience, this public-private partnership will focus on improving soil health to sequester atmospheric carbon and achieve clean and abundant water, improved crop yields, and sustainable production. TNC and ARPA-E will collaborate on two research programs: ROOTS (Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration), which optimizes carbon storage in soils and crop roots, and TERRA (Transportation Energy Resources from Renewable Agriculture), which uses breeding to improve crop yields. USDA, aiming to enhance soil-carbon sequestration and improve soil health, will expand and update its Soil Health Monitoring and Enhancement Network, and is establishing new guidelines for the use of cover crops as a soil conservation practice. USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service will undertake new conservation initiatives, including expanded ecological site descriptions for agricultural soils across the Nation, national soil inventories in partnerships with the National Park Service, and research on soil organic matter in collaboration with universities across the Nation. New External Efforts in Response to the Administration’s Call to Action OSTP issued a call to action on August 1, 2016, calling upon academia, industry, nonprofits, farmers, and members of the public to establish new efforts to advance soil research and protect soil resources across the Nation. New actions being announced today in response to that call to action include the following: Promoting Interdisciplinary Research and Education North Carolina State University (NCSU), in response to the nationwide decrease in numbers of trained soil scientists, will open its new Soil Science Institute in collaboration with NRCS, an initiative that builds on technical expertise and extension training programs within NCSU’s Department of Crop and Soil Sciences. Oregon State University, acting through its College of Agricultural Sciences, will hire new faculty members in soil science and related disciplines, including three new positions related to soil quality. These new researchers will investigate: (1) the application of biochar from agricultural and forest byproducts to improve soil fertility, (2) the development of passive sensors to measure soil pollutants, (3) the use of solarization to reduce soil-borne plant pathogens, and (4) the role of the soil microbiome in maintaining soil health. Texas A&M University and Texas AgriLife Research will invest approximately $200,000 per year in the development of its Soil Security Initiative, which will aim to deploy innovative systems for ensuring the long-term sustainability of global soil resources. Union of Concerned Scientists will expand its scientific research to develop new interdisciplinary findings that investigate how agro-ecologically informed farming and ranching practices could build soil health and address challenges related to food, energy, and water systems. It will do this by conducting new studies evaluating how specific sustainable, diversified farming systems could help farms and ranches become more resilient to droughts and floods, contribute to climate change mitigation, and simultaneously address multiple food-system challenges. University of Alabama (UA) will, in collaboration with more than 15 organizations and cities, establish the Southern Urbanism and Policy Initiative, a new organization with a mission to develop innovative strategies to reverse soil loss and sustainably manage urban soil resources, and to develop new research efforts to scale and apply engineering- and science-based solutions to restore soil health in cities. UA will hire more than 50 new faculty members to engage in research areas related to the Initiative’s work. The Initiative will lead partnerships and collaborations with the City of Tuscaloosa, the City of East Lake, the National STEM Collaborative, Alabama Water Institute, BioCycle, Detroit Dirt, Crabtree Group, Citizens Task Force, Eden Team LLC, LowCountry Alliance for Model Communities, Mouzon Design, West Alabama Food Bank, UA’s School of Social Work, and NOAA’s National Water Center. The Initiative will feature four main programs: The Neighborhood Program, dedicated to harnessing innovative urban planning and design to develop clean soil and water systems in southern cities, and improve soil health starting with efforts at the neighborhood scale. The Living City Roots Initiative, which aims to generate urban soils through new forms of composting and urban agriculture. The Living City Water Initiative, which focuses on developing mechanisms to improve water quality and efficiency in cities. The Living City Thrives Initiative, which will build partnerships with local communities and work to ensure inclusive alliance-building and social investment for long-term sustainable use of soil resources. Advancing Computational Tools and Modeling The University of Arizona will invest at least $7.5 million in a decade-long experiment to understand the coupled mechanisms underlying the formation of soil from rock. The program will harness the Landscape Evolution Observatory’s (LEO) research facilities at the University’s BioSphere-2 center to conduct highly controlled studies on the interactions among the microbial colonization, rock weathering, carbon sequestration, and hydrologic flow paths that arise during early stage of soil formation. The research will have applications for soil-carbon sequestration and improving soil fertility. California State University, Chico will develop a regional soil laboratory that focuses on reducing the cost of data development in a collaborative science/management model, to open within 18 months. Colorado State University will hire three new faculty members to complement the recent hiring of two new faculty members who are researching the soil microbiome in relation to cultivated and natural ecosystems. The University will also hire at least one new faculty member into the College of Agricultural Sciences whose work will focus on the intersection between big data and agriculture. The National Critical Zone Observatory Program, a network of geological and ecological research observatories funded by the National Science Foundation, will grow a new national research program on soils and water. This will include funding for a new postdoctoral associate and new research initiatives to develop models of soil formation from soil grain to landscape. Expanding Sustainable Agricultural Practices American Farmland Trust plans to work with agricultural partners in the Great Lakes basin over the next three years to implement new models for improving soil health, with a target of restoring 2.8 million acres of agricultural land (equivalent to 10.5 percent of the cropped lands in the Great Lakes basin). The program focuses on models for engaging non-operating landowners (particularly women) and farmer lessees, aiming to improve soil health practices on leased farmland, which accounts for 39 percent of the farmland in the contiguous United States. Applied Ecological Services, Inc. will work with farms in Washington, Oregon and Idaho to implement regenerative agricultural practices (including one-pass no-till farming, among others) with a goal of over 1 million acres of participating agricultural lands, with the aim of reducing erosion and nutrient runoff and improving soil fertility. The organization will also work to sequester 1 million tons of CO2-equivalent in soils over approximately 220,000 acres. The Environmental Defense Fund will invest approximately $1 million in new funds toward implementing science-based strategies for improving soil fertility, developing conservation planning strategies for soil, and ending fertilizer pollution from soil runoff, as well as a business plan competition to build agriculture environmental data integration models that conserve natural resources while protecting farmer privacy. Fall Line Capital will invest a new $200 million fund in an ambitious effort to reduce erosion and restore productivity on degraded agricultural land, aiming for no net loss of soil, to ensure fully productive farmland in perpetuity. This will be accomplished through the comprehensive use of agronomic best practices and investment in emerging agricultural technologies. One Acre Fund, a nonprofit social enterprise, will establish and invest approximately $100,000 in a new research program with over 4,500 smallholder farmers in Kenya and Rwanda. The study's objectives will be to determine the long-term effect of different agricultural practices on soil health, to quantify the financial value of soil health for participating farmers, and to determine which products and practices most effectively improve soil health. The findings could improve soil health for the more than 364,000 smallholder-farmers that One Acre Fund currently serves in Kenya and Rwanda. Patagonia, in collaboration with The Carbon Underground, will work to restore soil health to 4 million acres of degraded agricultural land to ensure regenerative harvesting of organic cotton that also draws carbon down from the atmosphere to help reverse climate change. This effort will supplement their existing efforts regarding soil and climate change, including research on the Great Plains to demonstrate the impact of bison management on carbon drawdown, the production of educational materials on the relation between soil health and climate change, and the development of foods made from ingredients grown with regenerative agricultural practices. The Future of Soil Resources in the United States In the United States, soil on cultivated cropland is being eroded at an estimated rate of 5.2 tons per acre per year, while the rate of soil formation averages approximately 0.5 tons per acre per year. In some parts of the Midwest soil erosion rates are double the national average, and extreme weather events can erode significant quantities of agricultural soil—in some states, erosion has been measured at over 100 tons per acre in a single storm. That means that a layer of soil that took over 350 years to form can be destroyed in one day. Climate change is expected to increase pressure on soil as the frequency of extreme weather events increases, bringing more erosive rain which can accelerate soil loss. Non-agricultural soils also face challenges. Many urban soils have been contaminated with lead or toxic substances, posing a threat to human health. In some cases, intensive forestry and rangeland practices have also resulted in release of substantial soil carbon into the atmosphere, slowing progress toward tackling climate change. A further challenge has been the deposition of atmospheric pollutants in forests, which has leached essential nutrients from forest soils in many parts of the Nation. The actions announced today were developed in response to dynamic challenges and new opportunities in soil health. Advances in science and technology—including in information technology—are creating unprecedented opportunities for intelligent and responsible management of natural resources. These actions represent steps toward a more sustainable and resilient future. ###

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02 декабря, 18:32

Rape used for ethnic cleansing in South Sudan, says UN team

South Sudan is experiencing ethnic cleansing in several parts of the country and risks becoming a Rwanda-like catastrophe, a team of U.N. human rights investigators said Friday.

02 декабря, 09:44

Либерман обвинил ООН в бессилии перед угрозой террора

Структуры ООН, как и другие международные организации, не способны справиться с захлестнувшими мир проблемами, и становится все менее и менее релевантной на международной арене.

02 декабря, 08:48

Глава Минобороны Израиля: "ООН и Совет Безопасности не выполняют своих функций"

Министр обороны Израиля Авигдор Либерман в Нью-Йорке встретился с послами Канады, России, Индии, Италии, Украины, Сенегала, Сингапура, Руанды, Греции, Кипра, Нидерландов, Болгарии и Аргентины в Организации Объединенных Наций. Встреча была организована послом Израиля в ООН Дани Даноном. В ходе

01 декабря, 18:28

В Южном Судане проводят политику этнических чисток

Этнические чистки происходят в некоторых районах Южного Судана, где наблюдается повторение геноцида в Руанде, заявил 1 декабря Ясмин Соока, глава комиссии ООН по правам человека, во время своего 10-дневного визита в Судан.

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01 декабря, 16:36

Rwandan tribunal charges ex-military officer over genocide

KIGALI (Reuters) - A Rwandan military tribunal began hearings on Thursday against a former army officer deported from Canada last month to face charges over Rwanda's 1994 genocide.

01 декабря, 05:37

A call for more entrepreneurs to focus on toilets

Entrepreneurs are everywhere these days, not just in the purely for-profit world but also those looking to create social, as well as financial, gain. As the international development community grows, entrepreneurial thinking is becoming ever more mainstream, with social enterprises demonstrating how to create businesses that deliver social benefit. As Naveen Jain, technology and spacecraft entrepreneur, once said, "There is not a problem that is large enough that innovation and entrepreneurship can't solve." Well, if talented social entrepreneurs around the world are looking for a large problem in need of a solution - and given that it is World Toilet Day on Saturday - I would encourage them to look at the sanitation crisis currently gripping the world, and particularly the challenge in cities. Urban sanitation: one of the biggest challenges in the Sustainable Development Goals Here's a quick summary of the sanitation crisis. One in three people around the world lack access to a safe, clean toilet. Diseases attributable to poor sanitation currently kill more children globally than AIDS, malaria and measles put together, and diarrhoea is the single biggest killer of children in Africa. In cities, the issue is particularly challenging. Most of the one billion people who live in informal urban settlements lack access to a proper toilet, and it is extremely hard to improve sanitation in densely populated, unplanned and poorly constructed urban slums. In my view, this is one of the biggest challenges contained in the Sustainable Development Goals. There simply isn't a clear pathway as to how we meet the ambitious targets set out by the world. An entrepreneurial opportunity So why is all this an opportunity for entrepreneurs? Isn't it the job of utilities to provide sanitation? Aren't citywide institutions better suited to providing citywide services? Here's why it is an opportunity. Firstly, many city utilities need help delivering sanitation services in low-income communities, particularly where sewers - which are the typical way of transporting human waste - do not exist. So there is a huge need that needs plugging. Second, low-income residents can - and will - pay for sanitation services, just like people do in developed countries: as long as the service is affordable and meets people's needs. People want to lead dignified and healthy lives, and paying a small amount for a safe, clean toilet is an important part of that. Its certainly a better alternative for people than having to use public toilets (which are often unsafe and unhygienic, and don't come free anyway), or relieving themselves outside i.e. open defecation. A number of smart entrepreneurs have identified this opportunity, and have been investing in different ways to deliver cheap sanitation services to low-income customers. We've been supporting sanitation businesses for many years, particularly in Bangladesh, Ghana, Mozambique and Zambia - although we're certainly not the only ones, and businesses such as X-runner in Peru, SOIL in Haiti, Pivot Works in Rwanda and Sanivation in Kenya all are developing interesting business models. Bring on the innovation The innovation that entrepreneurs can bring is needed in a number of areas. Firstly, in the design of toilets which low-income customers can afford. If a toilet to be shared by a group of families costs $500 to build, but the dirty public toilet costs $0.05 per use, you can guess which one will win - even if the public toilet works out more expensive in the long run. This is particularly true among low-income customers who find it easier to pay small amounts regularly than large one-off amounts. Second, in the collection of waste. Without sewers, there needs to be another way to move waste safely from a toilet to a treatment facility. There are different ways to do this, which different businesses are exploring, but we need more efforts to find methods that can be safe, hygienic and affordable. Third, in the re-use - and sale - of treated waste. Human waste, properly treated, can be re-used but there are obvious health implications if this is not done correctly. And whilst this can be an important revenue generator, we of course need to find ways to overcome natural repulsion to products derived from human waste. Pivot Works in Rwanda and Sanivation in Kenya are looking at this problem in different ways; the services we have developed in Lusaka, Zambia produce soil fertiliser which can be sold. Creating the environment for entrepreneurs There is a complication, though. In many sectors, entrepreneurs are able to create successful products and services without the involvement of other organisations. But not so in the sanitation sector. Our experience has shown that sanitation entrepreneurs are highly unlikely to develop scalable businesses if they don't receive endorsement and support from the public sector in their city - particularly because a business focusing on the bottom of the pyramid is operating on extremely narrow margins. For example: dealing with waste, without access to citywide waste treatment facilities, would be pretty much crippling for a sanitation business. And assistance from the public sector, by giving access to unused assets such as vehicles to transport waste, can significantly reduce start-up costs for an entrepreneur. Persuading cash-strapped utilities to provide this kind of support is not easy. But through patient relationship building, it can be done - and we've found that the buy-in of city utilities and municipal authorities is an absolutely essential part of making a sanitation business successful. Public private partnerships in action: SWEEP If all that sounds too complex to justify entrepreneurs getting excited about sanitation, let me wrap up on a positive note. In 2015, in Bangladesh, we launched a business called SWEEP, which provides septic tank emptying services for low-income customers in Dhaka. At the heart of the business model was a simple lease contract with the Dhaka utility, DWASA, enabling SWEEP to use two vacuum tankers which DWASA was not using. Some 20 months on, the business has served around 80,000 customers, is making money and we're looking to expand the model to Chittagong, Bangladesh's second city. The model is far from perfect, and there is a lot more that we can do to improve its effectiveness, but its a good start, and it shows how sanitation businesses can bring real social value to urban communities that were previously under-served. Let's hope that come next year's World Toilet Day, we'll have more entrepreneurial successes to report. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

01 декабря, 02:33

Руанда намерена привлечь к ответственности за геноцид французских генералов

Руанда намерена привлечь к ответственности 20 высокопоставленных французских военных за причастность к геноциду 1994 года. В списке подозреваемых несколько генералов, в том числе бывший глава Генштаба Пятой республики Жак Ланскад. Руандийская прокуратура начала соответствующее расследование и рассчитывает на помощь официального Парижа. Глава надзорного ведомства Руанды Ричард Мухумуза сообщил, что уже две недели проводит консультации на эту тему с французскими чиновниками. Власти Руанды считают… ЧИТАТЬ ДАЛЕЕ: http://ru.euronews.com/2016/11/30/rwanda-france-genocide-inquiry euronews: самый популярный новостной канал в Европе. Подписывайтесь! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=euronewsru euronews доступен на 13 языках: https://www.youtube.com/user/euronewsnetwork/channels На русском: Сайт: http://ru.euronews.com Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/euronews Twitter: http://twitter.com/euronewsru Google+: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/101036888397116664208/100240575545901894719/posts?pageId=101036888397116664208 VKontakte: http://vk.com/ru.euronews

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01 декабря, 01:22

Руанда намерена привлечь к ответственности за геноцид французских генералов

Руанда намерена привлечь к ответственности 20 высокопоставленных французских военных за причастность к геноциду 1994 года.

30 ноября, 17:12

Ten Years of a SHA(RED) Fight: An Interview with Bobby Shriver

Ten years ago I was in Lesotho and Rwanda with Bobby Shriver, Bono, Sir Richard Feachem and others committed to fighting HIV/AIDS in Africa. We came together through Product (RED), an innovative idea that joined NGOs, governments, health care experts, global brands and celebrities to raise awareness and funding toward the bold goal of eliminating HIV/AIDS in Africa. As a part of the Gap (RED) launch team, I got to see first-hand the need that existed as well as the hope that new treatments provided, if only the funding were available. As we celebrate World AIDS Day and the 10-year anniversary of Product (RED), I had an opportunity to interview one of (RED)'s founders, Bobby Shriver - an activist, journalist, philanthropist and civic leader - to take a look at the progress made fighting HIV/AIDS in Africa. The (RED) team in Rwanda in 2006 for the launch of Product (RED). From left to right: Bobbi Silten from Gap Inc., David Maddocks from Converse, Leslie Dance from Motorola, Bobby Shriver, Bono, Tamsin Smith from (RED) and Dan Henkle from Gap Inc. 1. In the first 10 years of (RED) what was accomplished and what do the next 10 years look like? Our biggest accomplishment has been to bring this issue to people in their hometowns. Before (RED), the scale of the pandemic was known mostly in public health circles. (RED) told the story to the broad population and they have responded! (RED) is now a global brand, which is the result of a lot of hard work and tremendous partnerships. That was the critical first step. The next step, particularly in the new political era we are entering, is to make sure that people support this life saving work without any political agenda. We always found that people from all political backgrounds saw this medicine as non-partisan, humanitarian work. As an American, I found it very American to just say, "we're going to do it," and get the medicine to the people who need it to stay alive. And my Irish partner, the great Bono, always said that the idea of America is an international idea. It means the moon shot, trying for the impossible and making it happen. Because hundreds of children are born every day with this terrible virus, we have to keep at that idea. In the ten years since (RED)'s launch, we have earned more than $365 million to support the Global Fund. The money finances HIV/AIDS grants in Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, and Zambia. Millions of people are alive today because they receive medicine from these investments. They are able to take care of their children and contribute to their communities. Yet, in the spread and transmission of HIV, there are still 400 babies born every day with a preventable virus. 2. The spread of HIV/AIDS has slowed but there is still no cure. How do you keep people motivated and engaged in the fight to end AIDS? Unlike some issues, this is a winnable fight. When we started (RED), only 2.1 million people had access to the necessary medicine. But once people understood it took only two pills a day to keep people alive, they supported the fight. And of course, the (RED) products were great and people bought them! Now, 18 million people receive the critical treatment they need and many of them do because people bought a Gap t-shirt, or an Apple iPhone case or another great (RED) product. How great is that? 3. You've spent time in Africa working alongside change-makers and champions. What lessons have they taught you? Listening and listening carefully is the biggest lesson for me. Folks who want and need help know how they would like to be served. Too often care is prescribed by smart people or organizations that are far away from the problem (might have been me!). I am almost never surprised by how little I know. And I know the Global Fund team has this perspective. That's why they have been so effective. 4. Ten years ago, Product (RED) was unique in the way it brought together global brands, celebrities and consumers with health experts, NGOs and governments to address the AIDS emergency. How did you come up with the idea to engage brands in a global health epidemic? The harsh fact is, when we dreamt (RED) up we were desperate. We had promised American government leaders that the private sector would become involved. That was NOT happening. And the government folks called us on it! "You guys promised us..." We needed a complete rethink. But it was hard to get people to see our vision. We had 40 meetings and 36 companies said "no." The four founding brands were very brave. We knew that brands had the marketing expertise and could tell powerful stories, so they would be essential in our effort to raise awareness. 5. Looking back on the last ten years of (RED) what would you have done differently? I would have had more staff at the beginning. We had a huge launch on Oprah Winfrey's shopping spree show in 2006. On the day Oprah and Bono walked Chicago's "Magnificent Mile" visiting stores -- including Gap, Apple, Armani and Motorola -- to feature (RED) products, we had nine staff. The next day, 45 companies called us, including CEOs of major brands. Calls were streaming in. They wanted to join us or wanted a meeting. Of course, we moved fast but couldn't do it all, so we lost some opportunities. 6. You have dedicated your life to activism, philanthropy and public service. What advice do you have for young activists and social entrepreneurs starting their careers today? A lot of people find their work by being angry at injustice. Make your anger work for you! My mother always told me stories about the mistreatment of her "special" sister, Rosemary, who was excluded from places and events. The treatment of her sister really made my mother mad because she knew it was very unfair. I saw that anger motivate her to do many positive things that benefitted others, including starting the Special Olympics for people with intellectual disabilities. I felt a similar anger when I realized that so many people were going to die because they lacked medicine. They did not have a Walgreens or CVS where they could fill a prescription. And because of that, they were going to die. It offended me. I became very, very determined to get that medicine for folks. To learn more about Product (RED) and the fight against AIDS visit red.org. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

Выбор редакции
30 ноября, 13:40

Rwanda probes possible role of French officials in genocide: prosecutor

KIGALI (Reuters) - Rwanda has launched an inquiry into the possible role of at least 20 French military and other officials in the 1994 genocide, the prosecutor general said on Wednesday, a move that will deepen already strained relations with Paris.

Выбор редакции
30 ноября, 04:28

TURNING TABLES: Rwanda intends to investigate French involvement in the 1994 genocide….

TURNING TABLES: Rwanda intends to investigate French involvement in the 1994 genocide.

Выбор редакции
30 ноября, 02:43

Rwanda genocide: French officials face investigation

Rwanda opens an inquiry into 20 French officials it suspects of involvement in the 1994 genocide.

29 ноября, 23:17

Rwanda Is Becoming A Magnet For Chinese Money And Migrants

Eric Olander and Cobus van Staden are the duo behind the China Africa Project and hosts of the popular China in Africa Podcast. We’re here to answer your most pressing, puzzling, even politically incorrect questions, about all things related to the Chinese in Africa and Africans in China. It is a widely-held perception that Chinese investment in Africa is guided by a strategic foreign policy agenda focused on securing vast amounts of natural resources. This narrative fits nicely with an outdated Western colonial stereotype of how foreign countries engage Africa. However, in the case of the Chinese, this narrative is only partially correct. Earlier this year, the China-Africa Research Initiative, or CARI, published its findings from an in-depth survey on what African countries received the most Chinese loans over the past 15 years. Not surprisingly, Angola with its huge oil reserves topped the list at $21.2 billion. Interestingly, Ethiopia ($12.3 billion) and Kenya ($5.2 billion) were second and fourth respectively in the top five list and, for the most part, neither of these countries is considered extremely rich in natural resources. The pattern and flow of Chinese loans in Africa, according to CARI, suggests that the Chinese have a much broader strategic agenda on the continent than is often presumed by outsiders. While natural resources are no doubt important, they are clearly not the only priority as the Chinese seek to open new markets, build manufacturing operations, deploy aid and development initiatives and so on. Rwanda is another example of a country that at first glance would have little to offer Chinese investors. After all, this is a landlocked country with barely any natural resources and unlike Kenya or Ethiopia, Rwanda is so small that its domestic market isn’t very enticing. However, after emerging from the horrors of the 1994 genocide, Rwanda has become an island of stability in the Great Lakes region with its strong infrastructure, stable government and close proximity to vital markets in east and southern Africa. In a recent reporting assignment to Rwanda, Nairobi-based Quartz Africa correspondent Lily Kuo traveled there to investigate why the country is increasingly becoming a magnet for Chinese money and migrants. Lily joins Eric & Cobus  ― in the podcast above ― to discuss what kind of Chinese investor is attracted to Rwanda and how people from both countries are sometimes struggling to adapt to one another. Join the discussion. What do you think about the growing Chinese presence in countries like Rwanda? Do you think it brings badly-need investment or new problems to countries that are already struggling? Let us know. Facebook: www.facebook.com/ChinaAfricaProject Twitter: @eolander | @standenesque type=type=RelatedArticlesblockTitle=Related on WorldPost: + articlesList=58346052e4b030997bc145ea,57607839e4b0df4d586e71ec -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

29 ноября, 23:17

Rwanda Is Becoming A Magnet For Chinese Money And Migrants

Eric Olander and Cobus van Staden are the duo behind the China Africa Project and hosts of the popular China in Africa Podcast. We’re here to answer your most pressing, puzzling, even politically incorrect questions, about all things related to the Chinese in Africa and Africans in China. It is a widely-held perception that Chinese investment in Africa is guided by a strategic foreign policy agenda focused on securing vast amounts of natural resources. This narrative fits nicely with an outdated Western colonial stereotype of how foreign countries engage Africa. However, in the case of the Chinese, this narrative is only partially correct. Earlier this year, the China-Africa Research Initiative, or CARI, published its findings from an in-depth survey on what African countries received the most Chinese loans over the past 15 years. Not surprisingly, Angola with its huge oil reserves topped the list at $21.2 billion. Interestingly, Ethiopia ($12.3 billion) and Kenya ($5.2 billion) were second and fourth respectively in the top five list and, for the most part, neither of these countries is considered extremely rich in natural resources. The pattern and flow of Chinese loans in Africa, according to CARI, suggests that the Chinese have a much broader strategic agenda on the continent than is often presumed by outsiders. While natural resources are no doubt important, they are clearly not the only priority as the Chinese seek to open new markets, build manufacturing operations, deploy aid and development initiatives and so on. Rwanda is another example of a country that at first glance would have little to offer Chinese investors. After all, this is a landlocked country with barely any natural resources and unlike Kenya or Ethiopia, Rwanda is so small that its domestic market isn’t very enticing. However, after emerging from the horrors of the 1994 genocide, Rwanda has become an island of stability in the Great Lakes region with its strong infrastructure, stable government and close proximity to vital markets in east and southern Africa. In a recent reporting assignment to Rwanda, Nairobi-based Quartz Africa correspondent Lily Kuo traveled there to investigate why the country is increasingly becoming a magnet for Chinese money and migrants. Lily joins Eric & Cobus  ― in the podcast above ― to discuss what kind of Chinese investor is attracted to Rwanda and how people from both countries are sometimes struggling to adapt to one another. Join the discussion. What do you think about the growing Chinese presence in countries like Rwanda? Do you think it brings badly-need investment or new problems to countries that are already struggling? Let us know. Facebook: www.facebook.com/ChinaAfricaProject Twitter: @eolander | @standenesque type=type=RelatedArticlesblockTitle=Related on WorldPost: + articlesList=58346052e4b030997bc145ea,57607839e4b0df4d586e71ec -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

01 сентября 2014, 14:25

25 мест для путешествий настоящих экстремалов

Зачем ехать на дорогой курорт, когда наша планета буквально кишит приключениями? Когда на ней еще столько неисследованных пещер и величественных гор? Когда она может предложить нам нечто большее, чем бассейн с хлоркой у берега моря или дежурное обслуживание официантов с безучастными лицами? Предлагаем вашему вниманию список приключений, которые вы просто обязаны попробовать. Жизнь коротка — вперед, к приключениям!   Путешествие по изумительному солончаку Уюни, Боливия В сезон дождей крупнейший на Земле солончак становится самым большим в мире зеркалом. Охватывая площадь в более чем 10 000 кв. км, солончак Уюни — это мечта всех искателей приключений и новых ощущений. Здесь можно затеряться в собственных мыслях.  В центре солончака находится остров Инкауаси — холм, на котором можно неплохо отдохнуть.  По лаве на каяках — Гавайи Вулкан Килауэа появился 600 000 лет назад. Его последнее извержение началось в 1983 году и все еще продолжается, что делает его самым долгим извержением в истории. В процессе извержения «на свет» появилось более 190 кв. км суши. Сейчас смельчаки со всего мира могут проплыть по лаве вокруг этой новообразованной суши всего в нескольких метрах от места, где эта лава температурой в 1000 градусов по Цельсию впадает в Тихий океан.  Станьте ниндзей — Япония Ниндзя — тайные агенты феодальной Японии. Со временем они исчезли, но в Токио находится один из немногих оставшихся сенсеев ниндзя, включая того, который расправился сразу с 13 членами Якудзы. Тренировки могут оказаться сложными, но вы научитесь быть истинным синоби.  Исследуйте пещеры в Национальном парке «Мамонтова пещера» — штат Кентукки, США В Мамонтовой пещере находится крупнейшая на данный момент система пещер в мире. Здесь вы найдете более 600 км связанных между собой переходов, которые так и ждут, чтобы их исследовали.  Неудивительно, что пещера получила прозвище «известняковый лабиринт», потому что за каждым поворотом может оказаться новая, еще не исследованная пропасть.  Пешая прогулка по племенным землям — долина Балием, Папуа — Новая Гвинея Племя Дани было открыто совсем недавно — в 1938 году.  Они живут в долине Балием — потрясающей части Западной Папуа — Новой Гвинеи, которая умудрилась сохранить свою первозданную красоту.  Каждый год племя приглашает нескольких счастливчиков на свои земли, чтобы показать им местную природу и свои деревни.  Вернитесь в ледниковый период — Аляска Последний ледниковый период закончился тысячи лет назад, но Национальный парк Кенай-Фьордс на Аляске — одно из последних мест на земле, где он все еще продолжается.  В этой горной местности каждый год выпадает по 1000 см снега, а еще здесь находится более 40 активных ледников. Кенай требует достаточной эмоциональной и физической подготовки от тех, кто осмелится исследовать его суровый климат и территорию.  Поживите с водным народом мокен — архипелаг Мьей Архипелаг Мьей — это серия из более чем 800 мелких островов к югу от Бирмы. На островах и в окружающих их водах живет племя мокен. Живут они на построенных вручную лодках.  Выживают за счет рыбалки с копьями и сетями, а большую часть времени проводят под водой в поисках моллюсков. Пожить бок о бок с этими уникальными людьми — это неповторимый опыт и возможность узнать их удивительную культуру, сохранившуюся в течение столетий.  Спуск с вулкана — Леон, Никарагуа Леон — небольшой городок, стоящий в тени огромного вулкана Серо-Негро. Если вы думаете, серфинг по воде — это легко, то здесь вам предложат попробовать далеко не легкий вид спорта.  Поднимитесь на вершину этого гиганта с доской за спиной, а затем скатитесь на этой доске внутрь вулкана на скорости до 80 км/час.  Станьте воином Чингисхана — Монголия Племена Монголии всегда были кочевническими, даже во времена Монгольской империи — одной из крупнейших в истории.  В монгольских степях можно научиться сражаться и выживать, как это умели истинные воины, покорявшие Азию 800 лет назад.  Прокатитесь по реке Амазонка — Перу Отправляйтесь в самое сердце знаменитого региона Перу — Амазонки — и поработайте с учеными и местными жителями из племени кокама над экспериментами, которые помогут защитить уязвимую и самобытную природу Национального заповедника Пакайя-Самирия.  Вы сыграете важную роль в защите таких редких видов, как амазонские речные дельфины.  Проплывите между двумя континентами — Исландия В глубине этого огромного Национального парка находится озеро Тингвадлаватн, которое находится на тектонической границе Северной Америки и Европы.  Счастливые дайверы могут проплыть между тектоническими плитами этих двух континентов, которые каждый год раздвигаются друг от друга на 2 см.  Пешее сафари с племенем масаи — Танзания Нет ничего лучше, чем исследовать дикую природу Африки пешком, а лучших гидов и охранников, чем масаи, не найти, ведь они живут на этих землях вот уже сотни поколений.  Это уникальная возможность увидеть львов, буйволов, слонов и жирафов на воле, а не за железными прутьями.  Дайвинг в Голубой дыре — Белиз Великая голубая дыра — это на самом деле огромная система пещер, образовавшаяся, когда эта местность не была покрыта кристально чистой водой.  Сейчас глубины этой дыры служат игровой площадкой для дайверов и искателей приключений, обеспечивая впечатления, которые больше нигде не испытаешь.  Миграция северных оленей — Полярный круг, Норвегия Раз в год вот уже на протяжении более 4000 лет саамы перемещают свои огромные стада северных оленей на территорию с более мягким климатом  Совсем недавно они начали приглашать людей «из внешнего мира», чтобы те помогли им. В течение пяти дней вы будете работать не покладая рук, ведь именно такова жизнь пастуха.  Спуск в спящий вулкан — Исландия Огромный магматический бассейн некогда яростного вулкана Принукагигур находится в более чем 120 м под землей.  Ученые, исследовавшие вулкан, установили здесь лифт, который спускается вниз, и только в течение одного месяца в году они приглашают счастливчиков присоединиться к этому неповторимому исследованию.  Круиз на ледоколе по Северному полюсу — Северный Ледовитый океан Северный полюс в центре Северного Ледовитого океана лишь частично покрыт опасно меняющимся морским льдом.  Круизы на ледоколах — единственная возможность пробиться через этот толстый лед. Эта полная адреналина экспедиция предлагает удивительную возможность ощутить то, что удается ощутить лишь немногим счастливчикам.  Поездка по тундре — Канадская Арктика Суровый климат Арктики зачастую слишком невыносимый даже для самых стойких туристов.  Одна канадская компания предлагает вам шанс увидеть эту суровую территорию без риска отморозить ноги.  Пройдите по самой опасной тропе в мире — Малага, Испания Эль-Каминито-дель-Рей — это дорожка, появившаяся в 1905 году.  С тех пор этот переход пришел в упадок, но им продолжают пользоваться — самые отчаянные и смелые искатели приключений.  Исследуйте неизвестное — Папуа — Новая Гвинея Папуа — Новая Гвинея — одна из самых малоизвестных стран в мире. Последняя экспедиция туда прошла в 1960-х.  Многочисленные племена и животные этой страны остаются скрытыми для внешнего мира. Они ждут, чтобы вы открыли их.  Поднимитесь на гору, чтобы выпить чаю — Китай Эта ужасающая «лестница на небеса» ведет на вершину горы Хуашань высотой более 2100 м.  Причина столь отчаянного путешествия вполне проста — на вершине горы находится чайный домик, в котором подают лучший чай в мире (по крайней мере должны подавать, раз уж ради него нужно преодолеть этот ужас).  Станьте буддистским монахом на месяц — Тибетские Гималаи Это духовное приключение приведет вас в захватывающие дух Гималаи, где можно пожить в монастыре, спрятанном среди гор. Насладитесь древней культурой из первых рук и погрузитесь в духовные искания и медитации. Вам придется принимать участие во многих культурных мероприятиях, например в трехдневном паломничестве в Дармсалу.  Пересеките пустыню Сахара с торговцами соли — Северная Африка Сахара занимает площадь в более чем в 8 миллионов кв. км. Это одно из самых негостеприимных мест в мире.  Несмотря на это, торговцы солью из племени туарег продолжают возить свои товары из Таоденни в Тимбукту вот уже на протяжении нескольких веков. Этот путь длиною в 22 дня — незабываемый опыт, требующий немалой доли решимости.  Рафтинг на реке Гандак, Непал Река Гандак настолько изолирована, что лишь у горстки людей будет шанс предпринять это удивительное путешествие.  Эта дикая река предлагает неповторимый рафтинг, а ночью можно разбить лагерь под звездами на белых пляжах реки, в глубинке Непала. Ощущение победы после прохода по этой бурной горной реке останется с вами на всю жизнь.  Обезьянье сафари, Уганда и Руанда Великие и туманные горы Руанды и Уганды — одно из последних мест на земле, где гориллы живут более-менее спокойно.  В густой растительности можно найти 4-5 видов «высших приматов» — горных горилл, равнинных горилл, шимпанзе и бонобо.  Можно также предпринять сложный, но приятный путь на вулканы Мухавура и Гахинга.  Исследуйте Коста-Рику, сплавляясь по рекам Долина Пакуаре и полуостров Осса — одни из немногих маршрутов из поросших густой растительностью нагорий Коста-Рики на ее изумительное побережье.  За две недели можно поучаствовать в экспедиции, которая попробует преодолеть этот маршрут пешком и на каяках.  По пути вы сможете увидеть и даже пожить с индейцами из племени кабекар.  Изучите Ваханский коридор Ваханский коридор — это небольшая полоска земли примерно в 220 км длиной и в некоторых местах лишь в 16 км шириной. Ее обрамляют горы Пакистана и Таджикистана, а сам коридор служит сухопутным маршрутом между Афганистаном и Китаем.  Эта территория настолько изолирована от внешнего мира, что коренные киргизы, пасущие яков и коз, веками живут сами по себе, как они сами выражаются, «забытые остальным миром». Эту часть планеты посещают даже реже, чем гору Эверест. Сюда добирались Чингисхан, Александр Великий и Марко Поло.  Поднимитесь на горы Тяньцзы — Китай Эти высокие горы-столбы настолько уникальные, что их снимали в фильме Джеймса Кэмерона «Аватар». Они образовались под водой 380 миллионов лет назад, вода разрушила окружающий их песчаник, оставив лишь эти каменные колонны.  Некоторые из этих колонн возвышаются более чем на 1200 м над уровнем моря, и альпинисты, которым посчастливилось подняться на вершину этих колонн, зачастую отказываются подниматься на какие-либо другие горы — после них все кажется слишком посредственным.