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14 февраля, 16:18

Trade Policy Review: Sierra Leone

The second review of the trade policies and practices of Sierra Leone takes place on 14 and 16 February 2017. The basis for the review is a report by the WTO Secretariat and a report by the Government of Sierra Leone.

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13 февраля, 13:27

Opioids: Sierra Leone's newest public health emergency

Opiate addiction has become increasingly common in Sierra Leone, where there are few avenues for drug rehabilitation.

08 февраля, 12:38

Проблема обрезания девочек пришла в Европу

В Германии из-за наплыва мигрантов возросло число девочек и женщин, страдающих от последствий процедуры женского обрезания.

29 января, 16:08

The British Army Can’t Find Enough Soldiers

Kevin Knodell Security, Who will fight the United Kingdom’s wars? The British military is one of the world’s most legendary fighting institutions. It enabled the British monarchy to become one of the world’s most powerful institutions, conquering huge swathes of the world and building the largest empire in history. During World War II, besieged by Nazi Germany, the Royal Air Force fought for Free Europe’s survival as the Luftwaffe bombed London and British planes fought back. When America entered the war, Britain was the hub for the Western Allies’ European operations. British commandos pioneered modern special operations. Many armies around the world base their organizational structures, training, tactics and traditions on the British military. And today, Her Majesty’s Armed Forces are fighting the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, training fledgling armies in Afghanistan and Somalia, keeping watch in the Falklands and operating in many other places around the world. But these missions have put a great deal of strain on the British military and its troops. At the same time, fewer and fewer young Brits feel compelled to take up the mantle. Much like the U.S. military across the pond, the British military is struggling to find new recruits to take on new missions. Figures show 15,140 regular troops left the British military during the past 12 months, but only 13,450 new troops came in. It’s a particularly acute problem for the British Army. The British parliament released data showing that 6,910 new recruits joined the Army over the past 12 months. The target was 9,580 — adding up to a shortfall of 28 percent. Most notably, 2,380 troops signed up for the infantry against a target of 3,480 — the largest gap. The British military — the Army in particular — has been very active in the 21st century. In May 2000, hundreds of British paratroopers with full-force protection intervened in Sierra Leone’s civil war as part of Operation Palliser fighting Revolutionary United Front rebels. It was a relatively short intervention and was widely hailed as a success. After 9/11, the United Kingdom joined the United States in the invasion of Afghanistan to oust the Taliban and later the invasion of Iraq to overthrow Saddam Hussein. Read full article

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23 января, 16:05

Missing millions

Nearly three years after Ebola hit Sierra Leone, millions of dollars in funds raised to fight the deadly virus have still not been accounted for.

19 января, 20:27

Global Coalition Aims To Outpace Epidemics With New Vaccines

function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible); A global coalition of governments, health specialists and philanthropists will launch a new plan on Thursday to “outsmart” future disease epidemics with a fund to prepare and create new vaccines. Stung by the devastation of West Africa’s 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak, which killed more than 11,300 people before an effective vaccine was developed, the coalition is aiming to ensure such deadly outbreaks can’t happen again. John-Arne Rottingen, interim chief executive officer of the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), said it is designed as “a global insurance policy against epidemic and pandemic threats.” CEPI’s founders used the World Economic Forum in Davos to announce its launch, with initial funding of $460 million from the governments of Germany, Japan and Norway, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the Wellcome Trust global health charity. Bill Gates, co-chair of the Gates Foundation and a leading global health philanthropist, said recent major viral disease epidemics - Ebola and Zika - showed how the world “is tragically unprepared to detect local outbreaks and respond quickly enough to prevent them from becoming global pandemics”. “Without investments in research and development, we will remain unequipped when we face the next threat,” he said. “The ability to rapidly develop and deliver vaccines when new unknown diseases emerge offers our best hope to outpace outbreaks, save lives and avert disastrous economic consequences.” The initial commitments mean CEPI has raised nearly half the $1 billion it needs for its first five years. It is now calling for proposals from researchers and companies who want to work on developing shots against its first target diseases - the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), Lassa and Nipah viruses. Rottingen said all these have shown the capacity to spread across borders and become fast-growing outbreaks causing death and illness. CEPI aims to drastically shorten the time it takes to make vaccines to protect against these and other viruses, which can emerge suddenly as global public health threats. Jeremy Farrar, director of the Wellcome Trust, told Reuters CEPI aims to develop two vaccine candidates against each disease before any epidemic, so they are ready for rapid deployment in field trials if and when an outbreak starts. He noted that with Ebola, despite huge international efforts to work faster, a vaccine was developed and validated as 100 percent protective only in the final months of the West Africa epidemic, after thousands had been infected and killed in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. “This partnership is trying to make sure the horror of Ebola is not forgotten,” he said. “There are moments in time that have to be seized.” CEPI is also backed by major pharmaceutical companies, the World Health Organization and the international health charity Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF). Joanne Liu, head of MSF, welcomed the launch of CEPI but said price, safety and speed were crucial. “For new vaccines to be game changers, they must be developed and tested before outbreaks hit and made accessible and affordable for all communities in times of health crisis,” she said. (Reporting by Kate Kelland; Editing by Mark Trevelyan) -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

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17 января, 21:37

Сайентологи и самогон. Чем занимался автор фильма о Трампе до премьеры на ВВС

Основные этапы творческой биографии журналиста, который реализовал замысел "скандальной документальной" картины о Дональде Трампе, опубликованы на сайте Panorama — специального проекта ВВС. За спиной у Джона Суини имеются военные репортажи из Ирака, Алжира и Сьерра-Леоне, нашумевшая документальная лента о массовых захоронениях в Зимбабве, серия пронзительных документальных зарисовок об американцах, которым были предъявлены ложные обвинения в убийстве детей.  Но российская тематика всегда вызывала у Суини особый трепет.  Он то в течение нескольких лет дотошно разбирается в обстоятельствах убийства бывшего сотрудника ФСБ Александра Литвиненко, то обращается от частного к общему и посвящает целый документальный фильм расследованию смертей сотни россиян, отравившихся контрафактным алкоголем.  Разбираться в особенностях "жёлтой смерти" (так Суини образно называет самопальную водку самого низкого качества) журналисту пришлось около 10 лет назад в Псковской области. Суини тогда даже решился попробовать самогонку: мутную жидкость, налитую в пластиковую бутылку из-под кока-колы. — Я открыл бутылку, понюхал и сделал маленький глоток. Вкус такой, будто к ракетному топливу подмешали немного гуталина, — поделился впечатлениями журналист. К счастью, в бормотухе не оказалось яда. Практически в то же время Джон Суини занимался и фильмом-расследованием о Сайентологической церкви и её последователях. По словам журналиста, информационная атака на религиозную организацию чуть не стоила ему здоровья и даже жизни. — Посторонние люди заявились к нам на свадьбу. Они звонили домой моей тёще в Девон и задавали вопросы. Какие-то люди приближались к нашему дому и стучались к нашим соседям под видом службы доставки товаров на дом. Это было неприятно, мрачно и страшно. Нельзя поссориться с Сайентологической церковью и легко это пережить, — вспоминает он. Напомним, ранее телеканал BBC показал фильм "Трамп. Кремлёвский кандидат?" авторства Джона Суини. Получасовая лента рассказывает о якобы "опасных связях" избранного президента США с Россией. Более того, фильм начинается с утверждения, что Путин привёл к победе Дональда Трампа. При этом сотрудник BBC ранее заявил Лайфу, что съёмочная группа так и не смогла доказать связи Трампа с "русскими хакерами". Более того, в рамках расследования обстоятельств создания фильма Лайф также обнаружил ряд интересных подробностей, не вошедших в итоговую версию картины.   

17 января, 10:53

Borders and Networks: The Forgotten Elements of Development

Laurent Bossard, Director, OECD Sahel and West Africa Club (SWAC) Secretariat The latest SWAC/OECD publication Cross-Border Co-operation and Policy Networks in West Africa addresses the crucial but often overlooked issue of cross-border co-operation, employing an analytical approach sparsely used in the development field and in West Africa in particular – social network analysis. These two […]

15 января, 18:00

«Путин, ты нужен Латинской Америке!»

Петицию под заголовком Intervención Rusa en México para eliminar el mal gobierno (Российское вмешательство в Мексике для устранения плохого правительства) разместил на сайте Change.org некий Freppo Sovietico из Мексики. Автор заявляет, что «политическая ситуация в Мексике находится в наихудшем состоянии за всю историю», страна «истекает кровью от такого грабежа и таких крыс». Freppo Sovietico утверждает: «Нам нужен кто-то, кто способен остановить этих коррумпированных мексиканских политиков, которые отдают и воруют все», причем расцвет коррупции в Мексике на руку сопредельным США: «Американские империалисты и ООН не делают ничего, кроме того, распространяют шокирующие новости». Под занавес автор обращения заявляет: «Владимир Путин, ты нужен Латинской Америке». На момент публикации данного материала петиция собрала немногим более 6 тысяч подписей – результат не особо впечатляющий. Да и в случае более активного отклика интернет-пользователей на призыв Freppo Sovietico, скорее всего, максимум чего можно было бы ожидать – устного комментария представителя президента РФ Дмитрия Пескова. Борьба с коррупцией (или не борьба, а потворствование, как утверждает автор петиции) – одно из направлений внутренней политики государства. Решение о том, какими методами и инструментами его реализовывать (и реализовывать ли вообще), является исключительной прерогативой властных структур, в данном случае, Мексики. Любое мало-мальски активное вмешательство другого государства является нарушением суверенитета. Это указано и в ст. 5 Конвенции ООН против коррупции, самого масштабного международного документа по рассматриваемой проблеме: «Ничто в настоящей Конвенции не наделяет Государство-участника правом осуществлять на территории другого государства юрисдикцию и функции, которые входят исключительно в компетенцию органов этого другого государства в соответствии с его внутренним законодательством». Целая глава Конвенции посвящена международному сотрудничеству – взаимодействию государств в борьбе с коррупцией. Однако там подчеркивается, что приматом остается национальное законодательство и правоприменительная практика: «Когда это целесообразно и соответствует их внутренней правовой системе, Государства-участники рассматривают возможность оказания друг другу содействия в расследовании и производстве по гражданско-правовым и административным вопросам, связанным с коррупцией».   Страны-участницы Конвенции ООН против коррупции по состоянию на 12.12.2016 Примечательно, что для подписания данная Конвенция была открыта именно в Мексике – на Политической конференции высокого уровня в Мериде 9 декабря 2003 года. 9 декабря было объявлено Международным днем борьбы с коррупцией, а Конвенцию впоследствии ратифицировали и Мексика (20 июля 2004 года), и Россия (9 мая 2006 года). Соответственно, изложенные в Конвенции принципы безоговорочно принимают в качестве обязательных обе страны – и тут уже не имеет значения, сколько подписантов наберет петиция мексиканца. Эксперты предлагают рассматривать сам факт обращения к российскому президенту для решения внутренних проблем другого государства как признание за Россией статуса игрока, способного переломить ход ситуации. Политолог Александр Асафов заявил ФБА «Экономика сегодня», что «после последних событий Россия, действительно, в глазах третьих стран стала восприниматься как некая сила, которая может изменить сложившийся порядок вещей, который не устраивает граждан какой-либо страны». Речь идет «не о политической элите и лидерах мнений, а именно о простых жителях разных стран, которые обсуждают политику в интернете», уточняет политолог. Асафов указывает: «Среди них существует очень давнее и прочное убеждение, что Путин – сильный лидер, его приводят в пример. И сама их увлеченность российской политикой на самом деле удивляет. Такое явление наблюдается в Америке, в Европе. Причем – что странно – это чаще всего происходит в странах, которые в политическом поле являются оппонентами России». Самое забавное, что верящие в сильного лидера Путина мексиканцы живут в стране с индексом восприятия коррупции 35, что соответствует 95-му месту в рейтинге Transparency International, а в самой России индекс составляет лишь 29 (119-е место, уровень Гайаны и Сьерра-Леоне). Данные приведены за 2015 год, публикация индекса за 2016 год запланирована на 25 января. Видимо, коррупция волнует россиян не так сильно, как мексиканцев. Во всяком случае, в ходе опроса ВЦИОМ под занавес 2016 года лишь 8% респондентов назвали коррупцию в числе главных проблем России.

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13 января, 16:44

Валерий Рашкин, Аппетиты людей в погонах

Если за три года Россия с позорного 119 места между Гайаной и Сьерра-Леоне поднимется на 45 или больше пунктов – пожалуйста, приз в студию...

11 января, 19:21

Нетаниягу встретился в Иерусалиме с президентом Сьерра-Леоне

Премьер-министр Биньямин Нетаниягу встретился сегодня утром, 11 января, в Иерусалиме с президентом Сьерра-Леоне Эрнестом Бай Коромой

06 января, 19:10

The USSR’s Futurist Film and Sweden’s Sweet Tooth: The Week in Global-Affairs Writing

The highlights from seven days of reading about the world

05 января, 01:28

In pictures

Photographing the men who sieve for diamonds in Sierra Leone

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02 января, 11:20

'Devil Boy': Down's syndrome in Sierra Leone

In a country that demonises mental disabilities, a mother recalls the journey of her community's acceptance and remorse.

29 декабря 2016, 19:31

A Call For The Economic Boycott Of North Carolina

In recent years, the Republican leadership in the state of North Carolina has built a worldwide reputation for intolerance and bigoted narrow-mindedness. Since its recent loss of the governorship, however, the General Assembly has completely upended the democratic process and engaged in nothing short of a modern-day political and policy coup d’état. GOP legislators have not only undertaken efforts to suppress the will of the voters, they have seized power from a newly-elected Democratic governor in a special Christmas session; stripped power from the state Supreme Court to which a second African American has been newly elected; and passed draconian laws that harm the poor and working people of the state. This unprecedented scheme to enact major changes in the structure and functioning of government without the consent of the people should alarm the entire nation. If such a blatant abuse of power goes unchallenged by people of good will, these legislators will do more than wipe away the rights of millions of North Carolinians; they will spread the virus of injustice throughout the body politic of the entire nation. Their actions will signal to other would-be tyrants that they can get away with non-democratic power grabs with impunity. The results could set civil, social, and economic rights back more than 50 years. In light of all the wrongs perpetrated by a radically regressive legislature that violate our Constitution, our civil rights commitments and our moral values, we as the North Carolina chapter of the NAACP will meet and complete a formal proposal endorsed by the state executive committee to put before the national board that asks approval of and calls for an economic boycott of the state. Their actions will signal to other would-be tyrants that they can get away with non-democratic power grabs with impunity. We observe that such entities as the National Basketball Association, the National Collegiate Athletic Association, and the Atlantic Coast Conference have already chosen to boycott the state in response to the law known as HB2, which discriminates against the LGBTQ community.  The fact that many other injustices have been added to that outrage and pushed forward in the final week of 2016 by an out-of-control Republican legislature demands that we respond with every nonviolent tactic available to us. We will ask that companies, government officials, and individuals of conscience throughout the country stand together and refuse to do business with the Tar Heel state until the bigotry and inequality pursued by an extreme group of Republican legislators and an outgoing governor are ended and the rights of the people are restored. We will call for this boycott to be effective until such time as the North Carolina General Assembly: Restores the people’s full and immediate access to the State Supreme Court, recognizing that the legislature may not choose, on a partisan basis, what cases the court shall hear; Repeals the hijacking of the State Board of Elections that seeks to guarantee Republican control despite the loss of the governor’s seat; Passes fair redistricting laws that end gross gerrymandering and gives the people of the state a fair chance to elect legislators of their own choosing and; Repeals the law known as HB2 and all of its provisions, including those that discriminate against the LGBTQ community, those against raising the minimum wage, those in favor of limiting the timeframe to take employment discrimination cases before the state’s courts, and those that undermine the ability of local municipalities to write progressive anti-discrimination laws that serve the best interest of citizens. These recent policies are profoundly unjust, as are the prior actions of the legislature, which has repealed the Earned Income Tax Credit, increased taxes for 900,000 working poor people and denied 500,000 working poor people Medicaid expansion — a decision which has also cost the state 25,000 new jobs and $2 billion in federal funding each year. We face a situation in which one party won roughly half of the votes, but has usurped one hundred percent of the power. Indeed, according to analysis by the Electoral Integrity Project (EIP) at Harvard University, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and Aarhus University in Denmark, the state of North Carolina should now be classified alongside pseudo-democracies like Sierra Leone. As study co-author Andrew Reynolds concluded in a recent article, North Carolina is “no longer considered to be a fully functioning democracy.” The affronts illuminated by the EIP report resonate with a ruling by the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit that the actions of North Carolina’s legislative extremists to keep voters away from the polls “targeted African Americans with almost surgical precision.” The all-white Republican caucus has abused power with its secret efforts and has effectively disenfranchised millions, including African Americans, poor and working people, soldiers in our armed forces, and citizens from every corner of the state whose faith in our democratic institutions are at a breaking point. The North Carolina NAACP therefore concludes that the efforts on the part of the legislature and GOP leadership to undermine the very foundation of government cannot be tolerated. We note that economic boycotts were successfully deployed in the civil rights movement of the 1960s, and that the United States engages in economic sanctions when countries around the world engage in undemocratic actions. Following the successful boycotts of South Carolina over its refusal to retire the Confederate flag and over Arizona’s unjust targeting of immigrants and their families, this economic boycott will send a message to the state that governments that violate the rights of their citizens must pay a high price for their abuses. type=type=RelatedArticlesblockTitle=Related... + articlesList=585a8f9be4b0d9a5945692e8,58545841e4b08debb78910aa,585445f7e4b0b3ddfd8c8608,583f4ba3e4b09e21702c8ad8 -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.

29 декабря 2016, 19:31

A Call For The Economic Boycott Of North Carolina

In recent years, the Republican leadership in the state of North Carolina has built a worldwide reputation for intolerance and bigoted narrow-mindedness. Since its recent loss of the governorship, however, the General Assembly has completely upended the democratic process and engaged in nothing short of a modern-day political and policy coup d’état. GOP legislators have not only undertaken efforts to suppress the will of the voters, they have seized power from a newly-elected Democratic governor in a special Christmas session; stripped power from the state Supreme Court to which a second African American has been newly elected; and passed draconian laws that harm the poor and working people of the state. This unprecedented scheme to enact major changes in the structure and functioning of government without the consent of the people should alarm the entire nation. If such a blatant abuse of power goes unchallenged by people of good will, these legislators will do more than wipe away the rights of millions of North Carolinians; they will spread the virus of injustice throughout the body politic of the entire nation. Their actions will signal to other would-be tyrants that they can get away with non-democratic power grabs with impunity. The results could set civil, social, and economic rights back more than 50 years. In light of all the wrongs perpetrated by a radically regressive legislature that violate our Constitution, our civil rights commitments and our moral values, we as the North Carolina chapter of the NAACP will meet and complete a formal proposal endorsed by the state executive committee to put before the national board that asks approval of and calls for an economic boycott of the state. Their actions will signal to other would-be tyrants that they can get away with non-democratic power grabs with impunity. We observe that such entities as the National Basketball Association, the National Collegiate Athletic Association, and the Atlantic Coast Conference have already chosen to boycott the state in response to the law known as HB2, which discriminates against the LGBTQ community.  The fact that many other injustices have been added to that outrage and pushed forward in the final week of 2016 by an out-of-control Republican legislature demands that we respond with every nonviolent tactic available to us. We will ask that companies, government officials, and individuals of conscience throughout the country stand together and refuse to do business with the Tar Heel state until the bigotry and inequality pursued by an extreme group of Republican legislators and an outgoing governor are ended and the rights of the people are restored. We will call for this boycott to be effective until such time as the North Carolina General Assembly: Restores the people’s full and immediate access to the State Supreme Court, recognizing that the legislature may not choose, on a partisan basis, what cases the court shall hear; Repeals the hijacking of the State Board of Elections that seeks to guarantee Republican control despite the loss of the governor’s seat; Passes fair redistricting laws that end gross gerrymandering and gives the people of the state a fair chance to elect legislators of their own choosing and; Repeals the law known as HB2 and all of its provisions, including those that discriminate against the LGBTQ community, those against raising the minimum wage, those in favor of limiting the timeframe to take employment discrimination cases before the state’s courts, and those that undermine the ability of local municipalities to write progressive anti-discrimination laws that serve the best interest of citizens. These recent policies are profoundly unjust, as are the prior actions of the legislature, which has repealed the Earned Income Tax Credit, increased taxes for 900,000 working poor people and denied 500,000 working poor people Medicaid expansion — a decision which has also cost the state 25,000 new jobs and $2 billion in federal funding each year. We face a situation in which one party won roughly half of the votes, but has usurped one hundred percent of the power. Indeed, according to analysis by the Electoral Integrity Project (EIP) at Harvard University, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and Aarhus University in Denmark, the state of North Carolina should now be classified alongside pseudo-democracies like Sierra Leone. As study co-author Andrew Reynolds concluded in a recent article, North Carolina is “no longer considered to be a fully functioning democracy.” The affronts illuminated by the EIP report resonate with a ruling by the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit that the actions of North Carolina’s legislative extremists to keep voters away from the polls “targeted African Americans with almost surgical precision.” The all-white Republican caucus has abused power with its secret efforts and has effectively disenfranchised millions, including African Americans, poor and working people, soldiers in our armed forces, and citizens from every corner of the state whose faith in our democratic institutions are at a breaking point. The North Carolina NAACP therefore concludes that the efforts on the part of the legislature and GOP leadership to undermine the very foundation of government cannot be tolerated. We note that economic boycotts were successfully deployed in the civil rights movement of the 1960s, and that the United States engages in economic sanctions when countries around the world engage in undemocratic actions. Following the successful boycotts of South Carolina over its refusal to retire the Confederate flag and over Arizona’s unjust targeting of immigrants and their families, this economic boycott will send a message to the state that governments that violate the rights of their citizens must pay a high price for their abuses. type=type=RelatedArticlesblockTitle=Related... + articlesList=585a8f9be4b0d9a5945692e8,58545841e4b08debb78910aa,585445f7e4b0b3ddfd8c8608,583f4ba3e4b09e21702c8ad8 -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.