Совет по международным отношениям (Council on Foreign Relations, CFR) — частная американская организация в сфере международных связей.
Основана в 1921 году, располагается в Нью-Йорке, на углу 68-й улицы и Парк-авеню, есть дополнительное бюро в Вашингтоне, округ Колумбия. Совет является наиболее мощной частной организацией по влиянию на внешнюю политику Соединённых Штатов.
Раз в два месяца выпускает журнал Форин афферс.
Имеет обширный веб-сайт, включая ссылки на его мозговой центр, программы исследований Дэвида Рокфеллера, другие программы и проекты, публикации, историю, биографии известных руководителей и других членов совета директоров, корпоративных членов, пресс-релизы.
Fidelity National's (FIS) Q3 results reflect lower expenses and revenues. The company raised its earnings per share guidance for 2017.
Россия все чаще использует нефть в качестве геополитического инструмента, распространяя свое влияние по всему миру и оспаривая интересы Соединенных Штатов, пишут в понедельник американские СМИ.
Россия все чаще использует нефть в качестве геополитического инструмента, распространяя свое влияние по всему миру и оспаривая интересы Соединенных Штатов, пишут в понедельник американские СМИ. Москва через «Роснефть» пытается проявить свое влияние в тех регионах, где Соединенные Штаты столкнулись с сопротивлением. Эта компания активно действует в таких чувствительных для США странах, как Куба, Китай, Египет и Вьетнам, пишет New York Times. Кроме того, отмечает издание, «Роснефть» заключает сделки в странах Восточного Средиземноморья и Африки, а также обладает экономическим и политическим влиянием в Северном Ираке и претендует на контроль иранских нефтяных месторождений. «Роснефть» становится чрезвычайно ценной в геополитическом отношении. Она действительно дает правительству России невероятное влияние на вопросы, имеющие значение для Соединенных Штатов», – заявила эксперт по энергетической безопасности Совета по международным отношениям США Эми Майерс Яффе. С тех пор как Exxon Mobil и другие западные нефтяные компании из-за санкций были лишены возможности использовать свои технологические знания, чтобы помочь «Роснефти» разрабатывать глубоководные сланцевые и арктические нефтегазовые месторождения, компании пришлось искать новые нефтяные месторождения за пределами России. В настоящее время самой важной для «Роснефти» зарубежной страной является Венесуэла, которая стала вторым по величине источником нефти после самой России. За последние три года Москва и «Роснефть» предоставили Каракасу финансовую помощь в размере 10 млрд долларов, помогая Венесуэле предотвратить дефолт. «В этих сделках есть геополитический элемент. «Роснефть» приобретает дешевую площадь в Венесуэле, и это увеличивает влияние Владимира Путина на наш задний двор», – заявила глава отдела товарной стратегии RBC Capital Markets Хелима Крофт, имея в виду влияние России на США. Аналогичная модель со стороны «Роснефти» действует и на Ближнем Востоке, где Россия поддерживает сирийское правительство Башара Асада, а также сотрудничает с Ираном и «вбивает клин между Турцией и Западом». Издание также отмечает, что Россия официально выступает против курдской независимости, но это не помешало «Роснефти» заключить в октябре сделку в 400 млн долларов с региональным правительством Курдистана за права на бурение нефтяных месторождений.
Автор Brandon Smith через Alt-Market.com,Есть несколько важных правил, которым вы должны следовать, если вы хотите присоединиться к консорциуму основных экономических консультантов / аналитиков. Особо обратите внимание, если вы планируете стать одним из этих "особых" людей:1) Никогда не обсуждайте реальность того, что государственная фискальная статистика не является истинной картиной здоровья экономики. Просто представляйте статистику по номиналу общественности и быстро двигайтесь дальше.2) Почти всегда фокусируйтесь на ложных срабатываниях. Дайте массам бредовое чувство восстановления, отчаянно указывая на несколько индикаторов, которые рисуют более розовую картинку. Всегда упоминайте более высокий фондовый рынок как символ улучшающейся экономики, хотя фондовый рынок не имеет отношения к основам экономики. Фактически, притворяйтесь, что фондовый рынок - это ТОЛЬКО вещь, которая имеет значение. Период.3) Никогда не говорите о падающем спросе. Избегайте упоминания об этом любой ценой. Вместо этого поднимите "растущее предложение" и притворитесь, будто спрос не является фактором, заслуживающим внимания.4) Позвоните в любую статью, в которой обсуждаются многочисленные и существенные негативы в экономике "doom porn". Спросите: "Где крах?" много, когда крах фундаментальных принципов прямо перед вашим лицом.5) Избегайте дебатов о состоянии экономики, когда можете, но если они загнаны в угол, искажают данные, когда это возможно. Смешайте обсуждение с мелочами и круговой логикой.6) Когда происходит сбой, действуйте так, как будто вы были предупреждением об опасности. Для хорошей меры убедитесь, что альтернативные экономические аналитики не получают должное за правильное изучение финансовой системы.7) Утверждают, что в их предупреждениях и предсказаниях ничего особенного нет и что "все остальные видели, что это тоже случилось"; иначе вы можете быть вне работы.Теперь, если вы будете следовать этим правилам большую часть времени или религиозно, тогда у вас есть хороший шанс стать следующим Полом Кругманом или одним из многих хукеров в Forbes, Bloomberg или Reuters. Вас ждет приятная работа и удобная зарплата. Удачи и Godspeed!Однако скажите, что вы один из тех странных людей, проклятых совестью; становясь призрачным мундштуком для заведения, может показаться не очень привлекательным. Или, может быть, у вас просто есть OCD, и вы не можете устоять перед идеей "творческой математики", когда дело доходит до экономических данных. Как бы то ни было, вы хотите изложить более глубокие факты экономики, потому что экономика - это жизнь - это структура, которая объединяет нашу цивилизацию, и если мы будем лгать об этом в краткосрочной перспективе, тогда мы только ставим себе задачу катастрофа в конечном итоге. Добро пожаловать в другое измерение. Добро пожаловать в мир альтернативной экономики.Каждый аспект экономики США или глобальной экономики может быть представлен двумя очень разными способами в зависимости от того, "вы" интерпретируете данные в соответствии с предвзятым заключением или просто передаете их общественности, как есть на самом деле.Давайте используем масло и нефтедоллар в качестве примера ...Чтобы проиллюстрировать реакцию основного правительства на законные экономические проблемы в отношении нефти, я настоятельно рекомендую вернуться и прочитать статью Внешней политики, официального журнала Совета по международным отношениям под названием " Развенчивание заговора" Демпинг-доллар ", опубликованного в Идиотизм этой статьи был действительно сбивающим с толку в то время, когда он был выпущен, но тем более теперь в ретроспективе.Во-первых, важно отметить, что Внешняя политика отказалась даже признать вопрос о том, что доллар потерял статус нефтедоллара до тех пор, пока Роберт Фиск из Independent, кто-то ближе к основной экспозиции, не осмелился затронуть эту тему, предупредив, что тренд был в игре сбрасывать доллар в качестве нефтедоллара к 2018 году. Альтернативное экономическое сообщество предупреждало о том, что мир отходит от господства нефти в США на некоторое время заранее.Во-вторых, CFR использует типичную круговую ошибку при столкновении с потенциальным окончанием статуса мирового резерва доллара; что доллар является мировой резервной валютой, потому что "США являются выдающейся мировой экономической державой". На самом деле, верно обратное - США являются выдающейся экономической силой в мире только потому, что доллар имеет статус мирового резерва. Это было также когда-то промышленным электростанцией после Второй мировой войны, но это было ТОЛЬКО, потому что США были одним из немногих производственных центров в мире, который не был разрушен годами кинетического уничтожения. Когда вы являетесь единственной игрой в городе, конечно, вы получаете огромные экономические выгоды, включая массовые международные инвестиции, но не навсегда.Сегодня, очевидно, США намного превосходят другие страны в области производства и производства, а также превзойдены как крупнейший мировой импортер и экспортер. Аргументом "преимуществом" является мусор.В-третьих, почти всякая опасность, которую внешняя политика отвергла как "заговор" еще в 2009 году, сейчас сбывается. Подобно тому, как предупреждал Роберт Фиск, и, как предупреждало альтернативное экономическое сообщество задолго до него, многочисленные сдвиги в мире нефти, а также геополитические отношения создали спиральную связь антидолларовых настроений. Возможно ли, что к 2018 году доллар потеряет статус нефти? Абсолютно, и вот почему ...Хотя США остаются крупнейшим потребителем нефти в мире в соответствии с Управлением энергетической информации (EIA), американское потребление нефтепродуктов значительно уменьшилось за последние несколько лет; падение спроса со стороны все более бедных потребителей США оставило производителей нефти в поисках покупателей в других местах. Всемирный экономический форум отметил в 2015 году резкое падение спроса США со времени долгового кризиса 2008 года, но это признание в значительной степени оставалось незамеченным в основных средствах массовой информации. Интересно, что в то время как спрос рушился, цена за баррель продолжала стремительно расти из-за инфляционной политики ФРЭ. Почти сразу после того, как ФРС начала сужать QE, цены на нефть резко снизились в соответствии с отсутствием существующего спроса.В 2017 году, по оценке EIA, во втором квартале наблюдался рост мирового спроса. И "спроецировал" растущий спрос, включая более высокий спрос США на 2018 год, опережая предложение.(http://www.zerohedge.com/...)
Некоторые люди считают, что это станет ключом, переменой к лучшему. Они думают, что смерть доллара приведет к "децентрализации" мировой экономики и к "многополярному миру", но ситуация является намного более сложной, чем это кажется. Я подробно остановлюсь в своей следующей статье на том, почему доллар и экономика США в целом подлежит полному разрушению, и как это, вероятно, будет происходить.
Эру нефтедоллара может ожидать скорый закат. Федеральное агентство новостей представляет перевод статьи «Lies And Distractions Surrounding The Diminishing Petrodollar».
Cullen/Frost Bankers (CFR) reported a positive surprise of 7.6% in third-quarter 2017. Strong top-line performance, and increase in loans and deposits were recorded.
Authored by Brandon Smith via Alt-Market.com, There are a few important rules you have to follow if you want to join the consortium of mainstream economic con-men/analysts. Take special note if you plan on becoming one of these very "special" people: 1) Never discuss the reality that government fiscal statistics are not the true picture of the health of the economy. Just present the stats at face value to the public and quickly move on. 2) Almost always focus on false positives. Give the masses a delusional sense of recovery by pointing desperately at the few indicators that paint a rosier picture. Always mention a higher stock market as a symbol of an improving economy even though the stock market is irrelevant to the fundamentals of the economy. In fact, pretend the stock market is the ONLY thing that matters. Period. 3) Never talk about falling demand. Avoid mention of this at all costs. Instead, bring up "rising supply" and pretend as if demand is not a factor even worth considering. 4) Call any article that discusses the numerous and substantial negatives in the economy "doom porn." Ask "where is the collapse?" a lot, when the collapse in fundamentals is right in front of your face. 5) Avoid debate on the health of the economy when you can, but if cornered, misrepresent the data whenever possible. Muddle the discussion with minutia and circular logic. 6) When a crash occurs, act like you had been the one warning about the danger all along. For good measure, make sure alternative economic analysts do not get credit for correct examinations of the fiscal system. 7) Argue that there was nothing special about their warnings and predictions and that "everyone else saw it coming too;" otherwise you might be out of a job. Now, if you follow these rules most of the time, or religiously, then you have a good shot at becoming the next Paul Krugman or one of the many hucksters at Forbes, Bloomberg or Reuters. A cushy job and comfortable salary await you. Good luck and Godspeed! However, say you are one of those weird people cursed with a conscience; becoming a vapid mouthpiece for the establishment may not sound very appealing. Or, maybe you just have OCD and you can't stand the idea of "creative math" when it comes to economic data. Whatever the case may be, you want to outline the deeper facts of the economy because the economy is life — it is the structure which holds together our civilization, and if we lie about it in the short term, then we only set ourselves up for catastrophe in the long run. Welcome to another dimension. Welcome to the world of alternative economics. Every aspect of the U.S. economy or the global economy can be presented two very different ways depending on whether you "interpret" the data to fit a preconceived conclusion, or simply relay it to the public as it really is. Let's use oil and the petrodollar as an example... To illustrate the mainstream establishment reaction to legitimate economic concerns on oil, I highly suggest going back and reading an article by Foreign Policy, the official magazine of the Council On Foreign Relations, titled "Debunking The Dumping-The-Dollar Conspiracy," published in 2009. The idiocy of this article was truly bewildering at the time it was released, but even more so now in retrospect. First, it is important to note that Foreign Policy refused to even acknowledge the issue of the dollar losing petro-currency status until Robert Fisk of The Independent, someone closer to mainstream exposure, dared to broach the topic, warning that a trend was in play to dump the dollar as the petro-currency by 2018. The alternative economic community had been warning about the world moving away from U.S. oil dominance for some time beforehand. Second, the CFR uses a typical circular fallacy when confronting the potential end of the dollar's world reserve status; the fallacy that the dollar is the world reserve currency because "the U.S. is the preeminent world economic power." Actually, the reverse is true — the U.S. is the world's preeminent economic power only because the dollar has world reserve status. It was also once an industrial powerhouse after WWII, but this was ONLY because the U.S. was one of the few manufacturing hubs in the world that wasn't demolished by years of kinetic destruction. When you are the only game in town, of course you reap huge economic benefits including massive international investment, but not forever. Today, obviously, the U.S. is far surpassed by other nations in the area of manufacturing and production, and has also been surpassed as the largest global importer and exporter. The "preeminence" argument is unmitigated garbage. Third, almost every danger Foreign Policy dismissed as "conspiracy" back in 2009 is now coming true. Just as Robert Fisk warned, and just as the alternative economic community warned long before him, numerous shifts in the world of oil as well as geopolitical relationships have created a spiraling nexus of anti-dollar sentiment. Is it possible that the dollar will lose petro-status by 2018? Absolutely, and here is why... While the U.S. remains the world's largest oil consumer according to the Energy Information Administration (EIA), American consumption of petroleum products has greatly diminished over the past few years; falling demand by increasingly destitute U.S. consumers has left oil producers searching for buyers elsewhere. The World Economic Forum noted in 2015 the drastic fall in U.S. demand since the 2008 debt crisis, but this admission went largely unnoticed in the mainstream media. Interestingly, while demand was crashing, the price per barrel continued to skyrocket because of the Federal Reserve's inflationary QE policies. Almost immediately after the Fed began tapering QE, oil prices drastically declined in line with the lack of existing demand. In 2017, the EIA claims there has been a rise in global demand since the second quarter. And has "projected" increasing demand including higher U.S. demand going into 2018, outpacing supply. Yet, at the same time the EIA admits a frustrating stagnation in global oil demand, with the U.S. being the primary drag on consumption since 2010. So, which trend are we supposed to believe? The one that is right in front of us, or the one that is optimistically projected? It is clear, even according to "official" statistics on crude oil imports, that the U.S. market began sinking in 2009 to levels not seen since the 1990's and has not recovered since. Everyone knows that each new year is supposed to bring exponential demand, like clockwork. But this has not been the case at all in the U.S. Meanwhile, China has recently surpassed the U.S. as the world's largest oil importer, even though the EIA lists the U.S. as the world's largest oil "consumer." The argument mainstream analysts would probably make here is that imports of oil are diminishing because U.S. shale oil is filling demand domestically. This argument overlooks the overall process of declining demand, though. The US is the largest consumer of oil NOW, but will that pace continue? According to the data, the answer is no. Americans are buying less petroleum products since the 2008 credit crisis, regardless of where they come from, and oil producers are seeking to diversify into other markets, and other currencies. On top of that, even if it were true that imported oil is crumbling because US domestic oil is filling rising demand, this still begs the question - Why would oil producing nations stick with the dollar as the petrocurrency when the US has decided to take its ball and go home? The US has now become a COMPETITOR in the oil market with shale, so why would OPEC nations and others also continue to give the US the enormous advantage of owning petrocurrency status? In the meantime, the geopolitical situation grows more unstable. I believe the Iranian sanctions issue has gone ignored far too long, and this has direct repercussions on the dollar's petro-status. How? Well, consider this — Europe continues its appetite for Iranian oil, with 40 percent of Iran's oil exports going to the EU. With the very oddly timed U.S.-led effort by the Trump administration to renew sanctions, Europe has been caught in a catch-22; either defy sanctions and upset relations with the U.S. or lose a significant source of petroleum imports. For now it appears that the EU will support sanctions, but this time solidarity on the issue is nowhere near as strong as it was back in 2012. With Iran as a major supplier for Europe as well as China, and overtaking Saudi Arabia as the top oil supplier for India, Trump's latest call to put economic pressure on the nation may add more fuel to the accelerating rationale against the dollar as the primary trade mechanism for oil. The question becomes, who benefits from American influence in oil, and who suffers? The more countries that suffer because of a world reserve dollar, the more likely they will be to look for an alternative. China has deepened ties to Russia for this exact reason. With Russia supplanting Saudi Arabia as China's largest petroleum source, and bilateral trade between Russia and China cutting out the dollar as world reserve, this is just the beginning of the shift. In the past week it has been hinted that China will be shifting in the next two months into using its OWN currency, the Yuan, to price oil instead of using the dollar. Saudi Arabia, America's longtime partner in the oil dominance chain, is now moving away from the old relationship. Tensions between the Saudis and the U.S. State Department over the rather surreal Qatar embargo are just part of a series of divisions. With China's influence in the region increasing, the mainstream has finally begun to acknowledge that Saudi Arabia may be "compelled" to trade oil in currencies other than the dollar. Why is oil so important? Because energy, along with currency, is the key to understanding the state of the economy. When demand for energy goes stagnant, this usually means the economy is stagnant. When a nation has maintained a monopoly on global energy trade by coupling its currency to oil, an addiction can be formed and its financial structure becomes dependent in that addiction being continuously satiated. Foreign Policy argued in 2009 that oil trade in dollars is "nothing more than a convention." I would actually agree with that in part; it is indeed a convention that can change dramatically at any given moment. But, Foreign Policy asserts that there would be no consequences for the U.S. if and when the change takes place and the dollar loses petrostatus. This is absurd. Trillions in dollars are held overseas and the singular function of those dollars is to fulfill international trade based on the "convention" of the dollar's world reserve status. What purpose do those dollar's serve if world reserve status is abandoned? The answer is none. All of those dollars would come flooding back into the U.S. through various channels. Market psychology would immediately trigger a massive loss in the dollar's international value, not to mention incredible inflation would be spiking here at home. This process has already begun, and it is looking more and more like the next couple of years will bring a vast "reset" (as the IMF likes to call it) in the hegemony of certain currencies. Some people believe this will be a wellspring, a change for the better. They think the death of the dollar will lead to "decentralization" of the global economy and a "multipolar world," but the situation is far more complex than it seems. I will go into greater detail in my next article as to why the dollar and the U.S. economy in general has actually been slated for deliberate demolition and how this will likely come about. As far as oil and petro-status are concerned, the mainstream media is perfectly willing to report on the developments I have mentioned here in a fleeting manner, but at the same time they are completely unwilling to account for the effects that will result or the deeper meaning behind these events. They will report on the smaller stories, but refuse to acknowledge the bigger story. It is quite a contradiction, but a contradiction with a purpose.
MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION SUBJECT: Unmanned Aircraft Systems Integration Pilot Program By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows: Section 1. Policy. It shall be the policy of the United States to promote the safe operation of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) and enable the development of UAS technologies for use in agriculture, commerce, emergency management, human transportation, and other sectors. Compared to manned aircraft, UAS provide novel, low cost capabilities for both public and private applications. UAS present opportunities to enhance the safety of the American public, increase the efficiency and productivity of American industry, and create tens of thousands of new American jobs. The private sector has rapidly advanced UAS capabilities to address the needs of recreational, commercial, and public users. To promote continued technological innovation and to ensure the global leadership of the United States in this emerging industry, the regulatory framework for UAS operations must be sufficiently flexible to keep pace with the advancement of UAS technology, while balancing the vital Federal roles in protecting privacy and civil liberties; mitigating risks to national security and homeland security; and protecting the safety of the American public, critical infrastructure, and the Nation's airspace. Well-coordinated integration of UAS into the national airspace system (NAS) alongside manned aircraft will increase the safety of the NAS and enable the authorization of more complex UAS operations. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has taken steps to integrate UAS into the NAS at specific test sites and has issued operational requirements for small UAS operations in the NAS. Further integration will require continued private-sector cooperation and the involvement of State, local, and tribal governments in Federal efforts to develop and enforce regulations on UAS operations in their jurisdictions. Input from State, local, tribal, and private-sector stakeholders will be necessary to craft an optimal strategy for the national management of UAS operations. A coordinated effort between the private sector and among these governments will provide certainty and stability to UAS owners and operators, maximize the benefits of UAS technologies for the public, and mitigate risks to public safety and security. Sec. 2. UAS Integration Pilot Program. (a) Within 90 days of the date of this memorandum, the Secretary of Transportation (Secretary), in consultation with the Administrator of the FAA (Administrator), shall establish a UAS Integration Pilot Program (Program) to test the further integration of UAS into the NAS in a select number of State, local, and tribal jurisdictions. (b) The objectives of the Program shall be to: (i) test and evaluate various models of State, local, and tribal government involvement in the development and enforcement of Federal regulations for UAS operations; (ii) encourage UAS owners and operators to develop and safely test new and innovative UAS concepts of operations; and (iii) inform the development of future Federal guidelines and regulatory decisions on UAS operations nationwide. Sec. 3. Implementation. (a) To implement the Program, the Secretary or the Administrator, as appropriate, shall: (i) solicit proposals from State, local, and tribal governments to test within their jurisdictions the integration of civil and public UAS operations into the NAS below 200 feet above ground level, or up to 400 feet above ground level if the Secretary determines that such an adjustment would be appropriate; (ii) select proposals by State, local, and tribal governments for participation in the Program according to the criteria listed in subsection (b) of this section; (iii) enter into agreements with the selected governments to establish the terms of their involvement in UAS operations within their jurisdictions, including their support for Federal enforcement responsibilities; describe the proposed UAS operations to be conducted; and identify the entities that will conduct such operations, including, if applicable, the governments themselves; and (iv) as necessary, use existing authorities to grant exceptions, exemptions, authorizations, and waivers from FAA regulations to the entities identified in the agreements described in subsection (iii) of this section, including through the issuance of waivers under 14 CFR Part 107 and Certificates of Waiver or Authorization under section 333 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (FMRA) (Public Law 112 95). (b) In selecting proposals for participation in the Program under subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary shall consider: (i) overall economic, geographic, and climatic diversity of the selected jurisdictions; (ii) overall diversity of the proposed models of government involvement; (iii) overall diversity of the UAS operations to be conducted; (iv) the location of critical infrastructure; (v) the involvement of commercial entities in the proposal, and their ability to advance objectives that may serve the public interest as a result of further integration of UAS into the NAS; (vi) the involvement of affected communities in, and their support for, participating in the Program; (vii) the commitment of the governments and UAS operators involved in the proposal to comply with requirements related to national defense, homeland security, and public safety, and to address competition, privacy, and civil liberties concerns; and (viii) the commitment of the governments and UAS operators involved in the proposal to achieve the following policy objectives: (A) promoting innovation and economic development; (B) enhancing transportation safety; (C) enhancing workplace safety; (D) improving emergency response and search and rescue functions; and (E) using radio spectrum efficiently and competitively. (c) Within 180 days of the establishment of the Program, the Secretary shall enter into agreements with State, local, or tribal governments to participate in the Program, with the goal of entering into at least 5 such agreements by that time. (d) In carrying out subsection (c) of this section, the Secretary shall select State, local, or tribal governments that plan to begin integration of UAS into the NAS in their jurisdictions within 90 days after the date on which the agreement is established. (e) The Secretary shall consider new proposals for participation in the Program up to 1 year before the Program is scheduled to terminate. (f) The Secretary shall apply best practices from existing FAA test sites, waivers granted under 14 CFR Part 107, exemptions granted under section 333 of the FMRA, the FAA Focus Area Pathfinder Program, and any other relevant programs in order to expedite the consideration of exceptions, exemptions, authorizations, and waivers from FAA regulations to be granted under the Program, as described in subsection (a)(iv) of this section. (g) The Secretary shall address any non compliance with the terms of exceptions, exemptions, authorizations, waivers granted, or agreements made with UAS users or participating jurisdictions in a timely and appropriate manner, including by revoking or modifying the relevant terms. Sec. 4. Coordination. (a) The Administrator, in coordination with the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, shall apply relevant information collected during the Program and preliminary findings to inform the development of the UAS Traffic Management System under section 2208 of the FAA Extension, Safety, and Security Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-190). (b) The Secretary, in coordination with the Secretaries of Defense and Homeland Security and the Attorney General, shall take necessary and appropriate steps to: (i) mitigate risks to public safety and homeland and national security when selecting proposals and implementing the Program; and (ii) monitor compliance with relevant laws and regulations to ensure that Program activities do not interfere with national defense, homeland security, or law enforcement operations and missions. (c) The heads of executive departments and agencies with relevant law enforcement responsibilities (Federal law enforcement agencies), including the Attorney General and the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall develop and implement best practices to enforce the laws and regulations governing UAS operations conducted under the Program. (d) In carrying out the responsibilities set forth in subsection (c) of this section, the heads of Federal law enforcement agencies shall coordinate with the Secretaries of Defense and Transportation, as well as with the relevant State, local, or tribal law enforcement agencies. (e) In implementing the Program, the Secretary shall coordinate with the Secretaries of Defense and Homeland Security and the Attorney General to test counter UAS capabilities, as well as platform and system-wide cybersecurity, to the extent appropriate and consistent with law. Sec. 5. Evaluation and Termination of UAS Integration Pilot Program. (a) The Program shall terminate 3 years from the date of this memorandum, unless extended by the Secretary. (b) Before and after the termination of the Program, the Secretary shall use the information and experience yielded by the Program to inform the development of regulations, initiatives, and plans to enable safer and more complex UAS operations, and shall, as appropriate, share information with the Secretaries of Defense and Homeland Security, the Attorney General, and the heads of other executive departments and agencies. (c) After the date of this memorandum and until the Program is terminated, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretaries of Defense and Homeland Security and the Attorney General, shall submit an annual report to the President setting forth the Secretary's interim findings and conclusions concerning the Program. Not later than 90 days after the Program is terminated, the Secretary shall submit a final report to the President setting forth the Secretary's findings and conclusions concerning the Program. Sec. 6. Definitions. As used in this memorandum, the next stated terms, in singular and plural, are defined as follows: (a) The term "unmanned aircraft system" has the meaning given that term in section 331 of the FMRA. (b) The term "public unmanned aircraft system" has the meaning given that term in section 331 of the FMRA. (c) The term "civil unmanned aircraft system" means an unmanned aircraft system that meets the qualifications and conditions required for operation of a civil aircraft, as defined in 49 U.S.C. 40102. Sec. 7. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this memorandum shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect: (i) the authority granted by law to an executive department or agency, or the head thereof; (ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals; or (iii) the conduct of public aircraft operations, as defined in 49 U.S.C. 40102(a)(41) and 40125, by executive departments and agencies, consistent with applicable Federal law. (b) This memorandum shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations. (c) This memorandum is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person. (d) The Secretary is authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the Federal Register. DONALD J. TRUMP
The phrase “Socialism with Chinese characteristics in a new era” is hardly catchy, but wields immense power. Xi Jinping became the first incumbent leader since Mao to have his name and thought added to the Party’ guiding principles, symbolising a major elevation in his power. Bloomberg reports “China’s ruling Communist Party approved a revised charter that enshrined President Xi Jinping’s name under its guiding principles, elevating him to a status that eluded his two immediate predecessors. The amended constitution voted on by the Communist Party in Beijing listed ‘Xi Jinping thought on socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era’ alongside the theories of Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping. While presidents Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao also secured contributions to the document, neither was featured by name. The revisions confirmed Xi’s rapid consolidation of power and will reinforce speculation that he might seek to stay on after his second term ends in 2022. No Chinese leader since Mao has managed to put his stamp on the party’s prevailing ideology in its foundational document before stepping down. ‘Enshrining ‘Xi Jinping thought’ in the Constitution will ensure that Xi Jinping is considered one of the great transformative leaders’ of China, said Elizabeth Economy, director of Asia Studies at the New York-based Council on Foreign Relations. The move ‘again puts him on par with Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping.” Chinese media and state officials had been signalling Xi’s elevation since his opening speech at the 19th Party Congress, as the BBC explains "The unanimous vote to write in ‘Xi Jinping Thought’ took place at the end of the Communist Party congress." The congress began last week with a three-hour speech by Mr Xi where he first introduced his philosophy called ‘socialism with Chinese characteristics in a new era’. Top officials and state media then began repeatedly mentioning this ideology, calling it ‘Xi Jinping Thought’, in a sign that Mr Xi had cemented his influence over the Party. The BBC's China editor Carrie Gracie says enshrining ‘Xi Jinping Thought’ in the party constitution means rivals cannot now challenge China's strongman without threatening Communist Party rule. Previous Chinese Communist Party leaders have had their ideologies incorporated into the party's constitution or thinking, but none, besides founder Mao Zedong, have had their philosophy described as "thought", which is at the top of the ideological hierarchy. Leading party bosses have been positively gushing in their praise of Xi during the congress. The party chief of Xinjiang, Chen Quanguo described Xi’s teachings as “intellectually incisive, visionary and magnificent”. Mr Bayangolu, who heads up Jilin province fawned “General Secretary Xi Jinping is the party’s helmsman”, using a term often used to describe Mao. The Guardian reports that Xi gave a short and glowingly optimistic address to delegates. “Our party shows strong, firm and vibrant leadership,’ Xi said in a brief address to more than 2,200 delegates. ‘Our socialist system demonstrates great strength and vitality. The Chinese people and the Chinese nation embrace brilliant prospects. Today we, more than 1.3bn China’s people, live in jubilation and dignity. Our land … radiates with enormous dynamism. Our Chinese civilisation… shines with lasting splendour and glamour.” The question now is whether this increased power is also a stepping stone to extending his reign beyond 2022. The Guardian delves into this question “Bill Bishop, the publisher of the Sinocism newsletter on Chinese politics, said the birth of ‘Xi Jinping Thought’ confirmed the rare levels of power and prestige enjoyed by its creator. ‘It means Xi is effectively unassailable … If you challenge Xi, you are challenging the party – and you never want to be against the party’. Jude Blanchette, an expert in Chinese politics from New York’s Conference Board research group, said: ‘This is about amassing power and credibility and legitimacy and authority within the system to drive through more effectively what he sees as the right path for China. If you tower above the party, then it is very difficult for anyone below you to decide they don’t want to implement your commands.’ Writing in the Financial Times, Australia’s former prime minister Kevin Rudd said the fanfare around China’s leader suggested Xi, who took power in 2012 and had been expected to step down in 2022, would in fact rule well into the next decade. ‘Five years ago I said he would be China’s most powerful leader since Deng Xiaoping. I was wrong. He is now China’s most powerful leader since Mao Zedong,’ Rudd wrote. Some commentators are reserving judgement on Xi’s leadership ambitions until the announcement of the all-powerful Politburo Standing Committee. It currently consists of seven people and meets weekly to set policy. “Susan Shirk, the head of the 21st Century China Centre at the University of California, San Diego, disputed the portrayal of Xi as an almighty Mao-like figure. ‘He’s ruling differently, for sure, and people are intimidated by him because of the anti-corruption campaign.’ But Shirk said she was reserving judgment on whether Xi was attempting ‘a real dictatorial play’ until the new line-up of China’s top ruling council, the politburo standing committee, was announced on Wednesday. If that committee included at least one of three possible successors – Hu Chunhua, Chen Min’er or Zhang Qingwei – that would signal Xi’s intention to step down in 2022, she said. If no clear successor emerged, however, it would fuel fears that Xi was ‘going for broke, all-out to be a dictator’ and planned to remain in power indefinitely. ‘I’m prepared to call him a dictator after that. But I am waiting to see,’ said Shirk, US deputy assistant secretary of state under Bill Clinton.” These were Bloomberg’s thoughts on the succession question: Here are the key scenarios to watch for on Wednesday: No Obvious Heir - Xi walks out with six other men who were born before 1960. That would leave nobody young enough to rule for 10 years after 2022, according to current retirement conventions that mandate stepping down at age 68. By not clearly signalling an heir apparent at the middle part of his term, Xi would be departing from party traditions in place since 1992. That would fuel speculation that Xi wants to stay on as party leader. ‘Most likely he won’t appoint clear successors at the party congress,’ said Minxin Pei, professor of government at Claremont McKenna College in California and author of the 2016 book ‘China’s Crony Capitalism: The Dynamics of Regime Decay.’ ‘The safest thing to say is Xi has a lot of flexibility.’ Successor Emerges - Xi walks out with two officials born in the 1960s, young enough to stay in power through 2032. Many analysts view the most likely successors as Chongqing’s new party chief Chen Miner, 57, and Guangdong party chief Hu Chunhua, 54. It’s important to see who walks out first, signaling a higher rank. Hu was appointed by Xi’s predecessor, former President Hu Jintao, while Chen once worked under Xi as a provincial propaganda chief. Hu is the leader of Guandong province, which has a population of 104 million people and an economy larger than Mexico’s. He’s an advocate of automation as a solution to slowing growth and rising wages, and has urged factories to ‘replace humans with robots.’ Standing Committee Shrinks - Xi walks out and only four people follow him on stage. Cutting the Standing Committee to five members from seven would put Xi in charge of China’s smallest leadership group in three decades. The move would continue a shift to smaller leadership bodies that began five years ago, when the committee was slashed from nine members. Another reduction would make it less likely that potential successors are among the new members. ‘A smaller Sanding Committee grants more power to the party chief because he can quickly convene a top meeting and needs fewer support votes to push through his agenda,’ said Gu Su, professor of Philosophy and Law at Nanjing University. ‘A bigger standing committee, like a nine-person committee, runs the risk of policy stagnation because the decision-making process is longer.” Retirement Norms Shattered - Xi walks on stage followed at some point by anti-corruption chief Wang Qishan, 69. Keeping the anti-corruption chief in the Standing Committee would remove an age limit in place since 2002, setting a precedent for Xi to do the same after he reaches the same retirement age in 2022.
По итогам войны в американских банках оказались сконцентрированы более 40% мировых запасов золота. Еще 13 млрд. долларов активов, вложеных за границей обеспечивали финансовое господство США в мире. Англия осталась должна американским банкам более 8 миллиардов фунтов стерлингов. Американский доллар вытеснил фунт-стерлингов с позиции основной мировой валютой. Финансовой столицей мира отныне становился Нью-Йорк.
Институт NEI от лица атомной отрасли США призвал американских регуляторов упростить процедуру сертификации реакторных проектов. В частности, институт предлагает упразднить так называемый уровень "Tier 2*" в процедуре сертификации по условиям положения 10 CFR Part 52, так как он создаёт "дополнительные сложности" без "соразмерной выгоды для безопасности". Положение 10 CFR Part...
На сегодняшний день — под воздействием объективных обстоятельств, иллюстрируемых происходящими в мировой политике событиями, — всё больше актуализируется тема технологий разработки и принятия внешнеполитических решений как отдельными государствами, так и многосторонними международными институтами. На арене истории действует новый субъект международных отношений –глобальный управляющий класс. Его представляют руководители крупных транснациональных корпораций, бывшие и нынешние главы государств […]
На сегодняшний день под воздействием объективных обстоятельств, иллюстрируемых происходящими в мировой политике событиями, всё больше актуализируется тема технологий разработки и принятия внешнеполитических решений как отдельными государствами, так и многосторонними международными институтами. Не секрет, что реальный механизм разительно отличается от изложенных в учебной и научной литературе структурированных аппаратных моделей. На арену истории вышел новый субъект международных […]
Via The Daily Bell Getting Clever with Fear to Restrict the Internet. Representatives from the seven countries (UK, USA, Germany, Italy, France, Canada, and Japan) known as the G7 which form the Council on Foreign Relations met to discuss what to do about extremist jihadi content on the internet. They want to work with tech giants to make sure anything that could recruit or train terrorists is taken down within two hours. The United Kingdom actually proposed jailing anyone who even views extremist content online for up to 15 years! Of course, the governments will define “extremist content.” And as most things go, their definition will likely get looser over time. For instance, when SWAT teams were introduced in America, the government claimed they would only be used in hostage situations. Today SWAT teams are used thousands of times a year, even for small-scale drug raids on non-violent suspects. Prosecutors Pick a Target, THEN Find a Crime. Practically anybody could be indicted for a crime if enough investigation went into their lives. There are so many laws, that we can’t go a day without breaking some statute. Of course, most of us are not popular enough to draw the attention of U.S. prosecutors. But that is how they keep “the little guy” in line, by making examples out of the government’s enemies. Reports indicate that Robert Mueller is on a fishing expedition to indict members of Trump’s team. If he can’t find any crimes, he will twist the law until something fits. Mueller and his team have done this in the past. That’s the state of “justice” in America. Fitbit and Pacemaker Info Used to Catch Criminals Here’s the tough thing about Big Brother technology. In the beginning, it really is just used against actual criminals. In one instance, a woman’s Fitbit, a watch monitoring her activity, cast doubt on her husband’s story. He said she was murdered by an intruder. He told the police a story about when she came home, what she did in the time before the supposed intruder showed up, and that she ran down into the basement. Based on information from the device, they could see the story was a fabrication. In another case, prosecutors successfully subpoenaed information from a man’s heart rate monitor which proved he was awake when he claimed to be asleep before a fire started. He is going to trial for the arson, and a judge ruled that the evidence will be allowed to be presented. The problem is the precedent it sets. Much like the SWAT raids in the example above, this information may at first be used to solve arsons and murders. But what happens when it is used to fish for crimes instead? Or to frame someone in the wrong place at the wrong time?
Authored by Finian Cunningham via The Strategic Culture Foundation, Among the many self-flattering epithets it gives itself, the US has always claimed to be the “leader of the free world”. It’s a rather patronizing notion that America views itself as a selfless protector and benefactor of its European allies and others. This fairytale depiction of the world is coming to a rude awakening as American power buffets against the reality of a multi-polar world. Less a world leader and more like a blood-sucking leech on international relations. We got a clear view of the contradiction in America’s narcissistic mythology with US President Donald Trump’s announcement that he was disavowing the multinational nuclear accord with Iran last Friday. Trump didn’t axe American participation in the deal just yet, but he has put it on notice that he or the US Congress may terminate the accord over the next two months. How’s that for high-handed arrogance? However, there was near-unanimous push back around the world to Trump’s disparagement of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), which was originally signed in July 2015 by the US, Russia, China, European Union and Iran. All the signatories uniformly rebuked Trump’s attempt to undermine the deal, which is supposed to lift international economic sanctions off Iran in return for curbs on Iran’s nuclear program. While Trump accused Iran of “multiple violations” of the accord, all the other stakeholders asserted satisfaction that Iran has in fact fully implemented its obligations to restrict uranium enrichment and weaponization of its nuclear program. The UN watchdog, the International Atomic Energy Agency, also responded to Trump’s claims by reaffirming that eight consecutive monitoring reports have found Iran to be fully compliant with the JCPOA. Britain, France and Germany, as well as Russia and China, have firmly said that the nuclear deal – which took two years to negotiate during Barack Obama’s tenure in the White House – is not for renegotiation. A point which was reiterated too by Iranian President Hassan Rouhani. The deal is also written into international law, having been ratified unanimously by the UN Security Council back in 2015. In a stinging admonishment to Washington, the EU’s foreign policy chief Federica Morgherini said: “This deal is not a bilateral agreement ... The international community, and the European Union with it, has clearly indicated that the deal is, and will, continue to be in place.” Russia also denounced Trump’s over-the-top aggressive rhetoric towards Iran. The American president was almost foaming at the mouth when he labelled Iran “the world’s top terror sponsor” and accused Tehran of fueling conflict across the Middle East. Moscow said such rhetoric was unacceptable and inappropriate. Iran dismissed Trump’s accusations as baseless lies. Evidently, Russia, China and the Europeans do not share America’s debased caricature of Iran. And who in their right mind would? The hackneyed American allegations against Iran are – as usual – not backed up with any evidence. They rely on bombastic assertion repeated ad nauseam. It is especially ironic and odious for Washington to accuse others of sponsoring terrorism, given the litany of illegal wars it has launched across the Middle East and the steadily emerging evidence of US links to terror groups in Syria’s six-year war. Thus, the commitment by all the signatories – except Washington – to the Iranian nuclear deal is a stunning rejection of Trump’s aggressive stance towards Iran. Ahead of Trump’s anticipated disavowal of the JCPOA on Friday, Germany’s foreign minister Sigmar Gabriel warned that such a move would “drive a wedge between Europe and the US”. Significantly, Gabriel said that Trump’s spurning of the accord was “driving the EU towards Russia and China”. France’s finance minister Bruno Le Maire also warned the US not to interfere in Europe’s growing commercial ties with Iran. He was quoted as saying: “The US must not appoint itself as the world’s police man”. Trump’s hostility towards the Iran nuclear treaty has created dissent within his own cabinet. His secretary of state Rex Tillerson and the defense secretary James Mattis are among those who were urging Trump to uphold the JCPOA. In the Congress, there are also many opponents to Trump’s desire to axe the deal, even among his Republican party. It remains to be seen if the Congress will call for new sanctions on Iran over the next 60 days, as Trump has requested. If Congress does, it will mean the US crashing out of the accord. In theory, of course, the EU, Russia and China can continue to uphold the nuclear accord with Iran and conduct international trade and investment without the Americans. Russia and China have signed major oil and gas pacts with Iran over the past two years. The European states have also lined up huge commercial projects and investments with Tehran in sectors of energy, engineering and infrastructure. Germany and France in particular have seen their exports to Iran soar since the signing of the JCPOA. With Iran’s 80 million population and vast oil and gas reserves, the Persian nation represents lucrative opportunities for Europe, given too the geographical proximity. But the US is still able to exert tremendous power over international banking to the extent that it is having a chilling effect on other countries doing business with Iran. The European states are particularly vulnerable to American pressure. In a Bloomberg report, it headlined: ‘Trump's Iran Decision Throws Uncertainty Into Business Plans’. The report goes on: “Since a landmark nuclear agreement freed Iran’s economy from crippling economic sanctions, investors eager to tap the country’s energy reserves and its 80 million consumers have waited for signs it was safe to enter the market in full force… Donald Trump is about to signal that they should keep waiting.” The US view of Iran is so warped – much of it from relentless propaganda demonizing the Islamic Republic – that it is evidently incapable of normalizing relations as it is obligated to do under the multilateral nuclear deal. Trump ironically accused Iran of “not living up to the spirit of the accord” when it is the US that has worked assiduously to undermine it. Since Trump took office, he has reportedly cancelled all export licenses to Iran. His administration and the Congress have slapped more “secondary sanctions” on Iran over allegations that it is destabilizing the Middle East and for its support to Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad. These bilateral US sanctions inevitably have a deterrent effect on other nations doing business with Iran out of fear that they may be penalized in the future. Long-term investments over several years are prone to prohibitive risks due to the uncertainty about what Washington’s capricious policy towards Iran will be. America’s unilateral, hegemonic conduct – accentuated under Trump – is rapidly alienating other nations. This president seems to operate a “withdrawal doctrine”, as Richard Haass, president of the DC-based Council on Foreign Relations, commented. Trump’s contempt for multilateral obligations peaked with his announcement back in June on backing out of the Paris Climate Accord. It has peaked again with his repudiation of the UN-backed Iran nuclear deal. What is becoming increasingly apparent is that US unilateralism is all about pandering to its own selfish interests. Trump’s administration has hit Russia with more sanctions and has warned that European energy companies involved in developing the Nord Stream 2 gas project with Russia’s Gazprom will also be sanctioned. The flagrant agenda here is for the US to replace Russia as Europe’s gas supplier, selling its own more expensive fuel to Europe. Likewise US hostility and sanctions on Iran are not just limited to its own perverse policies. Washington also wants to block others from also doing legitimate business and trade with Iran. For the Europeans struggling to boost their flagging economies, the impediments being thrown in their way by the US over Iran are another source of resentment towards American unilateralism. This is not the idealized conduct of the self-proclaimed “leader of the free world”. America is increasingly seen as the “bleeder” – a declining power which wants to suck the economic lifeblood from others in order to sustain itself. This untenable American unipolar craving is inevitably hastening the reality of a multipolar world, as Europeans in particular realize that they can no longer afford to prop up America’s economic obesity.
The president says the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps supports terrorism — but won't formally declare the IRGC a terrorist group.
Even when the president speaks sense, there’s no trusting his execution of those words.
«Есть версия, что Трамп — это американский Жириновский, что он хороший актер. Это совсем не так. Трамп — хороший режиссер», — считает эксперт Изборского клуба, один из соавторов «Русской доктрины» Константин Черемных. В интервью «БИЗНЕС Online» он рассказывает о том, в чем сакральный смысл выборных ритуалов в США и кто может в последний момент «опрокинуть шахматную доску».
С 9 по 12 июня в отеле Taschenbergpalais в Дрездене прошла 64-я встреча членов Бильдербергского клуба, которая на этот раз не вызвала прежнего ажиотажа. Несмотря на присутствие на собрании важных фигур, таких как директор-распорядитель МВФ Кристин Лагард, гендиректор Ройял Датч Шелл Бен ван Берден, бывший госсекретарь США Генри Киссинджер, гендиректор Дойче Банк Джон Крайан, гендиректор BP Роберт Дадли, главный редактор Bloomberg Джон Миклетвей и...
"Не ту страну назвали Гондурасом". Это, пожалуй, все, что рядовой россиянин знает про так называемый Северный треугольник, три страны в Центральной Америке, одно из наиболее опасных для жизни мест на планете.