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Транстихоокеанское партнерство
Транстихоокеанское партнерство
TPP Full Text Транстихоокеанское партнёрство (ТТП или ТЭП; Trans-Pacific Partnership, TPP) — планируемая к созданию международная торгово-экономическая организация, целью которой является создание зоны свободной торговли в Азиатско-Тихоокеанском регионе. Организация создаётся на основе ...

TPP Full Text

Транстихоокеанское партнёрство (ТТП или ТЭП; Trans-Pacific Partnership, TPP) — планируемая к созданию международная торгово-экономическая организация, целью которой является создание зоны свободной торговли в Азиатско-Тихоокеанском регионе. Организация создаётся на основе разрабатываемого торгового соглашения между её участниками.

Данная структура должна стать альтернативой АСЕАН и АТЭС, её создание является продолжением американской политики по сохранению контроля над Тихоокеанской зоной, созданию экономического блока для противостояния растущему влиянию Китая и России.

По прогнозам, доля стран ТТП (вместе с Японией) в мировом ВВП может достигнуть 38—40 % и четверть оборота мировой торговли (при этом лидируя по объёму доли в ВВП, но уступая в обороте мировой торговли торговому блоку АСЕАН+6 при условии участия Китая в АСЕАН).



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01 августа, 09:08

Эксперты раскритиковали подготовленный ФАДН законопроект о территориях традиционного природопользования

Законопроект о территориях традиционного природопользования (ТТП) ухудшает правовое положение коренных малочисленных народов. С таким заявлением вице-президент Ассоциации коренных малочисленных народов Севера, Сибири и Дальнего Востока РФ Нина Вейсалова выступила на

30 июля, 14:16

What is John Delaney thinking?

The wealthy, little-known Maryland congressman is the first Democrat in the 2020 presidential race.

30 июля, 00:00

The Generals Can't Save Us From Trump

Jonathan Stevenson, New York TimesDuring a recent conference in Singapore, someone asked Secretary of Defense James Mattis whether, given President Trump’s withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership and the Paris climate agreement, we were “present at the destruction” of the America-led postwar order. In a twist on a remark by Abba Eban (often attributed to Churchill), the former general answered: “Bear with us. Once we have exhausted all possible alternatives, the Americans will do the right thing.”

27 июля, 08:46

Торговля стала опасным оружием в руках Китая

Китай отрицает смешение бизнеса и политики, однако давно использует торговлю в качестве средства наказания стран, которые отказываются подчиняться его строгим правилам.

27 июля, 08:46

Торговля стала опасным оружием в руках Китая

Китай отрицает смешение бизнеса и политики, однако давно использует торговлю в качестве средства наказания стран, которые отказываются подчиняться его строгим правилам.

27 июля, 00:19

Trump's Epic Victories: The First Six Months

Take a trip through President Trump's first six months in office, and relive the epic victories one after another. Including: - Starting Construction of The Wall - Implementing Travel Ban - Five Year Lobbying Ban - 1-In-2-Out Regulations - Withdraw From TPP - Starting Repeal of Obamacare - Get NATO to Pay Fair Share - $4 Trillion Added to Market - Constitutionalist Supreme Court Judge - Plan to Conquer Mars - Halt Training Syrian Rebels - Prevented Further Chemical Attacks - Defeated ISIS - Negotiate Ceasefire in Syria - Be Friends with Everybody - Reduce National Debt by $100 Billion - Withdraw from Paris Climate Accord - Help Fix Flint's Water Supply - Stand Up to N. Korea - 70% Drop in Illegal Border Crossings - Bomb the S**t Out of ISIS - Over 25 Stock Market Records - Unemployment Lowest in 16 Years - Establish Space Marines AND MANY MORE! Music By The Passion HiFi www.thepassionhifi.com Help us spread the word about the liberty movement, we're reaching millions help us reach millions more. Share the free live video feed link with your friends & family: http://www.infowars.com/show Follow Alex on TWITTER - https://twitter.com/RealAlexJones Like Alex on FACEBOOK - https://www.facebook.com/AlexanderEmerickJones Infowars on G+ - https://plus.google.com/+infowars/ :Web: http://www.infowars.com/ http://www.prisonplanet.com/ http://www.infowars.net/ :Subscribe and share your login with 20 friends: http://www.prisonplanet.tv http://www.InfowarsNews.com Visit http://www.InfowarsLife.com to get the products Alex Jones and his family trust, while supporting the growth of our expanding media operation. [http://bit.ly/2dhnhbS] Biome Defense™ [http://bit.ly/2bnEj91] Bio-True Selenium™ [http://bit.ly/1WYw8jp] Vitamin Mineral Fusion™ [http://bit.ly/1QYBNBv] Joint Formula™ [http://bit.ly/1nNuR3r] Anthroplex™ [http://bit.ly/1ljfWfJ] Living Defense™ [http://bit.ly/1Iobcj2] Deep Cleanse™ [http://bit.ly/1DsyQ6i] Knockout™ [http://bit.ly/1Kr1yfz] Brain Force™ [http://bit.ly/1R5gsqk] Liver Shield™ [http://bit.ly/1cOwQix] ProstaGuard™ [http://bit.ly/1mnchEz3] Child Ease™ [http://bit.ly/1xs9F6t] WinterSunD3™ [http://bit.ly/1L3gDSO] Ancient Defense™ [http://bit.ly/1EHbA6E] Secret-12™ [http://bit.ly/1txsOge] Oxy Powder™ [http://bit.ly/1s6cphV] Occu Power™ [http://bit.ly/1rGOLsG] DNA Force™ [http://bit.ly/1nIngBb] X2 Survival Shield™ [http://bit.ly/1kaXxKL] Super Female Vitality™ [http://bit.ly/1mhAKCO] Lung Cleanse™ [http://bit.ly/1mGbikx] Silver-Bullet - Colloidal Silver™ [http://bit.ly/1xcoUfo] Super Male Vitality™ [http://bit.ly/1z5BCP9] Survival Shield - Nascent Iodine™ [http://bit.ly/1o4sQtc] Patriot Blend 100% Organic Coffee™ [http://bit.ly/1iVL6HB] Immune Support 100% Organic Coffee™ All available at - http://www.infowarsshop.com/ INFOWARS HEALTH - START GETTING HEALTHY BEFORE IT'S TOO LATE - http://www.infowarshealth.com/ Newsletter Sign up / Infowars Underground Insider : http://www.infowars.com/newsletter The Alex Jones Show © copyright, Free Speech Systems .LLC 1995 - 2017 All Rights Reserved. May use for fair use and educational purposes

24 июля, 20:30

Sleeping Monster: The Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) and Labor

TiSA's effect on professional service and contract labor.

23 июля, 19:55

Sleeping Monster: The Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA), Scheduling, and “Standstill” and “Ratchet” Clauses

How TiSA could prevent the delivery of possible universal concrete material benefits, like Medicare for All

23 июля, 03:00

Japan's Shifting Power Alliances

Authored by Nomi Prins via The Daily Reckoning, I’ve just wrapped up a long trip to Japan. And I’ve taken away one lesson from all of my conversations, speeches and research: The rise of nationalism in the U.S. will cause massive shifts in global trade alliances. One of the main beneficiaries will be Japan. Now, Japan might not be on your radar, day-to-day, but it’s about to play a very important role in the world of Donald Trump. Here’s what I mean… During President Trump’s campaign, he often discussed making “better” trade deals for the United States with its partners. Indeed, one of his first executive orders as President on January 23, 2017 involved removing the U.S. from the Trans Pacific Partnership Trade Agreement, or TPP. That agreement originally involved 12 countries including the U.S. Now, TPP is left with 11: Japan, Mexico, Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam. The TPP’s member countries account for 40 percent of global GDP, 20 percent of global trade, and 11.3 percent of the world’s population. It will still likely go ahead without the U.S., which will put America at a trading disadvantage. However, this offers Japan good news for future trade and projects. Japan is well positioned to benefit both from existing alliances with the U.S. and growing ones in the rest of the world, particularly with China and the EU. Another key agreement, called the RCEP, also excludes the U.S. but includes Japan. It represents 16 countries that account for almost half the world’s population, contribute 24% percent of global GDP and over a quarter of world exports. The countries are Japan, Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand and Vietnam. The economic and population growth rates of the RCEP countries far outpaces that of the U.S. and EU. This trend of non-U.S. trade alliances is more pronounced than ever for three reasons: First, because of the United Kingdom vote for Brexit last summer, which cast into flux the future trade and capital flows between the U.K. and its trading partners.   The second reason is the Trump doctrine of bilateral rather than multi-lateral trade agreements. Taking the U.S. out of critical multilateral contention during an intense period of international re-alignment means more economic opportunity for other budding alliances as well as a long-term power shift.  This would benefit Japan.   Finally, there is the ongoing West to East shift of power and influence. Since the Federal Reserve and its cohorts at the ECB and BOJ embarked upon quantitative easing, or asset buying to bolster the markets, debt to GDP levels in those areas jumped as well. Respectively, they are 90.1 percent for the ECB, 104.3 percent for the U.S., and 250.4 percent for Japan). Nomi Prins delivering a speech to Canon Institute for Global Studies in Japan. Canon is a prestigious think tank populated with former government and central bank officials, and academics. Pushback, particularly from China’s central bank, the People’s Bank of China, has resulted in the yuan’s inclusion into the IMF’s special drawing right, or SDR. This is a way of securing currency flows and challenging the world’s main reserve currency, the U.S. dollar. Japan stands ready to benefit from both its existing relationship with the U.S. and its involvement with China, the EU and other regional agreements. All that said, the U.S. and Japan still represent about 30 percent of global GDP. With so much in flux worldwide and in Asia, their combined strength and diplomatic ties could prove more fruitful for both countries if translated quickly to real infrastructure building and development projects. These could create long-term demand for knowledge, supplies and jobs. New Infrastructure Projects for Japan The last time I was in Tokyo was a week after the U.S. election when I addressed the Tokyo stock exchange. There was much interest from the Japanese as to what the Trump presidency would mean for Japan, particularly in the areas of defense and trade. Six months into Trump’s administration, that interest remains acute. In February, President Trump addressed military and defense, saying he is committed to “the security of Japan and all areas under its administrative control.” This was a victory for Abe, who came to Washington to develop a sense of trust with Trump and a solidification of the post-WWII U.S.-Japan alliance. A White House statement confirmed policy continuity, noting, “Amid an increasingly difficult security environment in the Asia-Pacific region, the United States will strengthen its presence in the region, and Japan will assume larger roles and responsibilities in the alliance.” From the standpoint of joint infrastructure projects, there are other, nearer term synergies that are also attractive investment opportunities. Since the beginning of the Trump administration, there have been two official visits between President Trump and Prime Minister Abe. Trump has not been to Japan as President yet but it’s rumored that he has a trip planned for November. Meanwhile, the two leaders just met at the G20 summit in Hamburg, Germany. Before that meeting, Japan and the EU signed a historic, free trade agreement that will greatly increase trade and coordination between the two regions. This is yet another sign about how eager Japan is to take a bigger position on the world stage. As the U.S. adopts a more nationalist tone to trade, major trading partners like Japan are looking for more regional capacity building. By diversifying international agreements, Japan could solidify its security while re-establishing itself as a reemerging Asian powerhouse. Japan is also eager to get more involved in major infrastructure projects around the world. Just last week, the Japanese government set a new goal for Japan Inc., a network of corporate allegiances supporting construction, labor, and jobs. The goal is to export 30 trillion yen ($268 billion) worth of infrastructure packages by 2020. According to its just-released draft plans, Japan Inc. will seek involvement in infrastructure projects over multiple phases, spanning development through post-completion, providing on-the-ground ongoing operational, maintenance, personnel training and consulting services. Japan Inc. plans are multinational. The group, or its participating companies, could target India to get involved in the development of bullet trains and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations for high-speed rail systems and non-public transportation projects. Japan Emerges in High-Speed Competition Japan, Inc. also launched a competitive move against China for a high-speed train from Malaysia to Thailand. This is a 350-kilometer link project, worth about $14 billion. Winning that, or a portion of that contract, could prove a boon for Japanese construction and engineering companies. The winning company would be responsible for the design and construction of the railway systems, including tracks, power, signaling and telecommunications. The train will have a maximum operating speed of 320 kilometers per hour and cut travel time between the capitals to 90 minutes, compared with nearly five hours by car. But there’s more. Japan, Inc. is also angling for the U.S. maglev train project. The initial leg is estimated at $10 billion to build — the Japan Bank of International Cooperation has offered to pay half of the cost. Reuters (CNBC) reported on Feb. 3 that Tokyo had proposed an investment package for Trump that could generate 700,000 U.S. jobs and help create a $450 billion market. The proposal was in line with Abe’s strategy of promoting Japanese high-tech exports and expertise overseas. Reuters sources also noted that Japan was proposing to invest 17 trillion yen (US$150 billion) in public and private funds in the U.S. over the next decade. Japan’s main regional competitor, China, has also been gaining momentum on regional and international projects. Japan has missed some bids there, but it has the opportunity to use its unique favored-nation position with the U.S., and as a major partner in the ASEAN and RCEP agreements, to be well-placed to pick up fresh, lucrative contracts. Topping that all off, Japan’s new free trade agreement with the EU will be the third largest in the world. It’s expected to benefit both powers immediately by removing tariffs for a number of products, including electronics, sake and tea from Japan. If the Trump administration makes good on its promise to build cooperation with the Japanese, collaborating on infrastructure projects would only further Japan’s position in the region.

20 июля, 20:35

Sleeping Monster: The Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) and Its Expansive Definition of “Services”

By Lambert Strether of Corrente. In this post, I continue what is starting to feel to me like a Lewis and Clark expedition through the unexplored territory of “trade” “deals”[1], having engaged New Zealand activist Jane Kelsey, who authored the new report TiSA: Foul Play (PDF) as my guide. Because I’m feeling my way into […]

20 июля, 17:55

President Donald J. Trump's Six Months of America First

“Together, we are working every day for the citizens of this country: protecting their safety, bringing back their jobs and, in all things, putting AMERICA FIRST.” – President Donald J. Trump BRINGING ACCOUNTABILITY BACK TO GOVERNMENT: In six months in office, President Trump has followed through on his promise to the American people to bring accountability back to government. President Trump fulfilled his promise to the American people by nominating and, after Senate confirmation, appointing Neil Gorsuch as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. President Trump implemented higher ethical standards to make sure his Administration works for the American people. President Trump signed an Executive Order implementing tough new lobbying standards for political appointees, including a five-year ban on lobbying and a lifetime ban on lobbying for foreign countries. President Trump has donated his salary, following through on his promise to the American people. To make sure the Government serves the needs of all Americans, President Trump has called for a comprehensive plan to reorganize the executive branch and has used his budget to begin to implement his plan. President Trump created the Office of American Innovation to streamline and improve the Government for future generations. SPURRING JOBS CREATION: President Trump’s impact on the economy has been immediate, spurring job creation across the country. President Trump signed the “Buy American and Hire American” Executive Order, prioritizing the interests of American businesses and workers. “Buy American” promotes American industry, protecting it from unfair competition by targeting the abusive use of waivers and exceptions to laws on the books. “Hire American” calls for the reform of our visa programs, ensuring that they no longer displace American workers, while fully enforcing laws governing the entry of foreign workers. President Trump signed an Executive Order, making it easier for businesses to start and expand apprenticeship programs. The Dow Jones Industrial Average has increased 17 percent since election day, hitting new highs 25 times this year already. Since January, the economy added 863,000 jobs, including 821,000 in the private sector. 79,000 construction jobs added since January. 42,000 mining and logging jobs added since January. 41,000 manufacturing jobs added since January. CUTTING DOWN JOB KILLING REGULATIONS: Just six months in office, President Trump has taken historic action to eliminate wasteful and costly regulations that have stood in the way of hardworking Americans. The American Action Forum estimates a potential $70 billion in costs reductions from President Trump’s actions to cut back regulations. President Trump has signed 14 Congressional Review Act resolutions into law, ending burdensome Obama-era rules and regulations, more than all other Presidents combined. By withdrawing from the Paris Climate Accord, President Trump protected America from a bad deal that would have harmed our economy. According to a study by NERA Consulting, meeting the Obama Administration’s obligations under the Paris Climate Accord could have cost the United States economy nearly $3 trillion. According to the same study, 6.5 million industrial sector jobs could have been lost, including 3.1 million manufacturing sector jobs. In order to control regulatory costs, President Trump signed an Executive Order mandating that for every one new regulation, two old regulations must be eliminated. Through infrastructure reform and investment, the Trump Administration aims to dramatically reduce permit approvals for projects from 10 years to 2 years, spurring investment and job creation. OPENING UP AMERICAN ENERGY: In six months, President Trump has turned around America’s policy on energy production after years of opposition. President Trump has acted aggressively to increase exports of our energy resources to a global market. Updated guidance from the Treasury Department to allow the United States to export coal. Expedited the permitting and approval processes of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminals and exports, including the approval of the Lake Charles LNG terminal in Louisiana. President Trump has unleashed oil and gas development in the United States by expanding access to resources and the infrastructure needed to get them to market. Approved the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines, creating over 42,000 jobs and $2 billion in earnings. Signed an Executive Order mandating future pipeline work to be done by American workers and with American steel. Expedited new pipeline approval and production, such as the New Burgos Pipeline to Mexico. Signed an Executive Order to extend offshore oil and gas drilling and reissued a leasing program to develop offshore resources. Boosting oil and gas development on Federal lands. The Environmental Protection Agency is reconsidering an Obama-era rule on greenhouse gas emissions that is estimated to cost oil and natural gas operators as much as $530 million annually. President Trump kept his campaign promise to coal miners and rolled back the previous Administration’s “Stream Protection Rule,” which targeted the beleaguered industry with estimated costs of at least $81 million a year. A FREE AND FAIR TRADE AGENDA: President Trump is putting America First in trade negotiations, pursuing reciprocal agreements with our trading partners so everyone benefits. One of President Trump’s first actions was to withdraw from the Trans-Pacific Partnership, after the Obama Administration’s efforts failed to protect American workers. President Trump announced he will renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) to better reflect our modern economy while benefitting all parties so involved. This week, the United States Trade Representative released its objectives for upcoming NAFTA negotiations. Last week, the President began the process of renegotiating the United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement. Negotiations President Trump started with China on economic cooperation have already produced results for American businesses. For the first time in 14 years, American beef imports have returned to China. China is welcome to negotiate contracts to import American liquefied natural gas. President Trump delivered on his campaign promise to roll back the Obama Administration’s bad deal on Cuba that benefitted the Cuban regime at the expense of the Cuban people. RESTORING LAW AND ORDER TO IMMIGRATION: President Trump has prioritized enforcing immigration laws in his first six months to protect all Americans, ensuring that our immigration system treats everyone fairly. President Trump instituted tough immigration policies that have reduced illegal border crossings by 53 percent compared to the same time last year. The President ordered the hiring of 10,000 new Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officers, including 5,000 additional border patrol agents. Within the first 100 days of President Trump signing his executive orders on immigration enforcement, ICE conducted nearly 40 percent more Enforcement and Removal Operations compared to the same time last year. Arrests of convicted criminal aliens climbed by nearly 20 percent in this time compared to the same time last year. In fiscal year 2017, ICE has removed over 2,700 criminal gang members, compared to 2,057 criminal gang members in all of fiscal year 2016. ICE has specifically targeted MS-13 criminal gang members for removal on immigration violations. To jumpstart construction on the border wall, the President ordered the Department of Homeland Security to use $100 million of unspent appropriations in its account for border security, fencing and infrastructure. President Trump directed executive agencies to employ all lawful means to enforce the immigration laws of the United States, including clamping down on sanctuary cities. Attorney General Jeff Sessions implemented new charging guidelines to end catch-and-release policies. President Trump ordered the creation of the Victims of Immigration Crime Engagement (VOICE) office at DHS, ensuring that our Government can no longer ignore the victims of criminal acts by illegal aliens. PROVIDING FOR OUR NATION’S VETERANS: President Trump is making sure our veterans get the care they deserve after they have sacrificed for our country. Under President Trump, Department of Veterans Affairs fired over 500 employees, suspended 200, and demoted 33, as part of President Trump’s efforts to restore integrity and accountability to a department charged with supporting our Nation’s heroes. 22 senior leaders were disciplined. President Trump signed the Veterans Accountability and Whistleblower Protection Act, enabling senior Veterans Affairs officials to fire failing employees while establishing important safeguards to protect whistleblowers. The Veterans Affairs administration is shifting veterans’ electronic medical records to the same system used by the Defense Department, ending a decades-old rift in sharing information between the two agencies. President Trump signed legislation allowing our veterans to receive care outside of the Veterans Affairs medical system. The Department of Veterans Affairs has acted to increase transparency and accountability by launching an online “Access and Quality Tool” to provide veterans a way to access wait time and quality of care data. AMERICA FIRST FOREIGN POLICY AND NATIONAL SECURITY: In the first six months of his Administration, President Trump has put America First in world affairs and national security. During his historic speech in Poland, President Trump reasserted that America would defend its interests and allies after years of neglect by the previous Administration. President Trump brokered a ceasefire in southwest Syria as part of his commitment to end the conflict, reduce human suffering, and defeat ISIS. During his first international trip, President Trump supported the opening of a new “Global Center for Combating Extremist Ideology” in Saudi Arabia, created to empower Muslim-majority countries to more effectively combat radicalization. President Trump has increased pressure on Iran to end its destructive and destabilizing actions in the Middle East, including its continued ballistic missile research. The Department of the Treasury sanctioned over 25 entities and individuals involved in Iran’s ballistic missile program, ensuring our ability to monitor potentially malicious actors while preventing future acts of terrorism. This week, the United States sanctioned sixteen entities and individuals that have supported Iran’s military and Revolutionary Guard Corps in the development of drones, fast attack boats, and other military equipment. President Trump has allowed the military to push back against threats to our interests and allies. In his first six months, President Trump worked with our partners and allies in the Middle East to defeat ISIS, leading to Iraqi forces recapturing Mosul. After the Syrian regime used chemical weapons against civilians, President Trump authorized strikes against the airbase that launched the chemical attacks, demonstrating our national commitment to preventing further atrocities. President Trump has lifted restrictions that had prevented the Secretary of Defense and our commanders in the field from fully using their judgement and expertise.

20 июля, 16:30

After six months of Trump, Obama's legacy holds on

Trump promised to reverse his predecessor's policies. From health care to the Iran deal, they're largely intact.

19 июля, 19:45

Sleeping Monster: The Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) and the Supply Chain

The extraordinary ambitions of TiSA (the Trade in Services Agreement)

19 июля, 16:35

Канцлер Германии бежит впереди американского «паровоза»

Меркель инициирует новый виток переговоров об ущербном для её страны Трансатлантическом партнёрстве

19 июля, 15:27

Share of gas coal consumption by Ukrainian TPPs in H1 2017 reaches 76.5%

The share of gas coal consumption by Ukrainian thermal power plants (TPPs) in January-June 2017 was 76.5%, Head of the National Commission for Energy, Housing and Utilities Services Regulation (NCER) Dmytro Vovk wrote on his Facebook page.

19 июля, 12:35

State-owned enterprises, international investment and national security: The way forward

Frédéric Wehrlé and Hans Christiansen, OECD Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs For most of the past half century, countries around the world have gradually opened up to foreign investment, and with good effect. Investment from other countries has supported growth and development, created jobs and enhanced welfare. Today, as our data show, OECD economies […]

18 июля, 03:07

Trump's NAFTA goals draw from TPP, campaign pledges

The Trump administration today released long-awaited goals for renegotiating NAFTA, borrowing heavily from the discarded Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement and putting a strong emphasis on reducing the bilateral trade deficits with Canada and Mexico. “Too many Americans have been hurt by closed factories, exported jobs, and broken political promises,” U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said in a statement released along with the goals. “Under President [Donald] Trump’s leadership, USTR will negotiate a fair deal.”The administration’s decision to target the trade gaps with Mexico and Canada as a negotiating goal is a significant departure from past practices. It is also one that may be hard to achieve, since many economists argue the deficit is driven by macroeconomic factors, rather the provisions of trade agreements. However, it reflects Trump’s apparent belief that the United States’ $63.2 billion deficit with Mexico and $10.9 billion deficit with Canada are signs that the current deal has failed.The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative said it wanted to keep many provisions of the 23-year-old agreement while bringing it into the 21st century. The proposal aims to add rules to govern digital trade, state-owned enterprises and currency practices. That will be a relief to farm and manufacturing groups worried about losing sales to Canada and Mexico if tariffs are reimposed after years of duty-free trade. "We must preserve the advantages that our manufacturers, service providers, farmers, workers and consumers now enjoy with respect to NAFTA across our economy," House Ways and Means Chairman Kevin Brady said. "Maintaining existing benefits, plus improving our access to Mexico and Canada, will allow us to continue to create American jobs, spur economic growth and open up new opportunities for all Americans through NAFTA.” The objectives also reflect Trump’s insistence on reshaping the pact to try to bring back jobs to the United States. In one example that could affect North American automotive trade, the goals call for tougher rules of origin “to ensure that the benefits of NAFTA go to products genuinely made in the United States and North America.” The goals also heavily discuss maintaining the United States’ ability to impose trade remedy measures, such as anti-dumping and countervailing duties, against imports that it believes are unfairly traded or that threaten domestic industries. Those provisions are likely to resonate in the industrial Midwest. In a related vein, the White House wants to eliminate a chapter in the current agreement that established a special tribunal for NAFTA countries to challenge each other’s anti-dumping and countervailing duty decisions. They also have targeted another provision that excludes NAFTA partners from emergency “safeguard” tariffs that could be imposed to protect a domestic industry under stress from imports. But House Democrats, who may hold the key to the ultimate fate of the renegotiated pact, blasted the objectives as overly vague and said they made it seem as if the administration "is only seeking to bevel the edges of a trade pact in need of an overhaul.”"The summary of objectives published today raises more questions than it answers,” Rep. Richard Neal, the top Democrat on Ways and Means, said in a statement. "In certain areas, there continues to be a complete lack of clarity or specificity, suggesting the administration may not even know what it wants in a new NAFTA.”Neal and Rep. Bill Pascrell, ranking member of the Trade Subcommittee, both criticized what they saw as a step to incorporate aspects of the TPP into NAFTA 2.0, even though Trump vilified the Asia-Pacific pact during last year's campaign and pulled out of it on his third day in office.“The objectives reveal an approach to trade negotiations that looks like the same, conventional approach taken in previous trade agreements — suggesting that the ‘new' NAFTA might not be new at all,” Neal said.“It looks as if he wants to take the contents of the TPP, a deal he rejected in his first week in office, and call it NAFTA,” Pascrell added. The document did not directly address the inclusion of or any alterations to the controversial investor-state dispute settlement mechanism, which labor and environmental groups want to be dropped in any revamped deal. They charge that the system undermines the right of governments to regulate in the public interest by giving companies a special forum to challenge government decisions that they believe have adversely affected their investment in violation of the pact's rules. The document’s investment section simply mandates that a deal should “secure for U.S. investors in the NAFTA countries important rights consistent with U.S. legal principles and practice.”The objectives do outline expectations more broadly for dispute settlement, such as making procedures more transparent. However, it’s unclear if those demands apply only to disputes under the agreement between governments or if private companies would also be subject to those rules.“We must be sure to enforce new and current rules through effective dispute settlement provisions, including the proven tool of investor-state dispute settlement,” Rep. Dave Reichert, the chairman of the House Ways and Means Trade Subcommittee, said in a statement. “The need for modern trade rules is clear — particularly in light of our withdrawal from TPP earlier this year.”Another top Republican said the objectives should have gone further in pushing for stronger protections for intellectual property rights, among other areas. “If we are to truly modernize NAFTA and establish the most advantageous rules for selling American goods and services around the globe, future negotiating objectives must include stronger protections for intellectual property rights, upgraded rules and enforcement procedures for American exporters and investors, and improved regulatory practices that treat American goods and services fairly,” Senate Finance Chairman Orrin Hatch said in a statement.Sen. Ron Wyden, the top Democrat on the Finance Committee and a vocal advocate for the need to implement stronger digital trade rules, criticized the provisions included in that areas as lacking “the level of ambition I would expect given the promises this president has made.”Both Canada's and Mexico's top trade officials declined to comment on the negotiating objectives. Ottawa “will be ready to work with our partners to modernize NAFTA, while defending Canada's national interest and standing up for our values," Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland said.USTR is required under U.S. trade law to publish negotiating objectives 30 days before it begins talks on a free trade agreement. The first NAFTA round is expected in mid-August, although no date or location has been announced yet.

17 июля, 23:33

Press Briefing by Press Secretary Sean Spicer, 7/17/2017, #58

James S. Brady Press Briefing Room  2:32 P.M. EDT MR. SPICER:  Sorry I'm a little late. Q    Good to see you.   Q    We miss you, Sean. MR. SPICER:  Well, I miss you too. Good afternoon.  For the rest of July, this administration is going to be honoring the people, the products, and the principles that have made America a global leader.  This week, we will be spotlighting American-made products and industries.  Later on in the month, we'll also be highlighting American heroes and the American Dream. Since day one, the President has been fighting for the hardworking people of this country, and he has done a lot on their behalf.  He signed an executive order to Buy American and Hire American, which is a historic action to ensure that federal projects are made with American goods, and to keep American workers and companies from being cheated out of contracts by countries that break the rules.  He took action to reform our immigration system so that it puts the needs of American workers first.  We continue to make progress on that.  He withdrew the United States from the job-killing Trans-Pacific Partnership and began renegotiating NAFTA. Whether it’s removing job-killing regulations, protecting our borders, or unleashing American energy, the President is working to keep his promises and deliver for the America's workers.  So, today, as I mentioned, we’re kicking off “American Made” week with a showcase of 50 products that are made here in the United States, representing each of the 50 states.  From the South Lawn to the State Floor, the White House will be lined with these examples of American innovation and investment in manufacturing and technology. From the SH-3 Sea King helicopter made in Connecticut, which most of us affectionately know as Marine One when the President is on board, to the iconic cowboy hats made in Texas, this country is already responsible for the invention and creation of an incredible span of amazing products. But for decades, Washington has been doing its best to discourage these companies from investing here at home, through job-killing deals and a rapidly expanding scheme of unnecessary regulations.  This administration has been working hard to ease these burdens, making it easier for companies to compete and grow so they can contribute more to our economy and hire more American workers. We’ve already created over 50,000 new manufacturing jobs this year.  And as the President moves forward with his pro-growth agenda, including repealing and replacing Obamacare, reforming our over-complicated tax code, and revitalizing our nation’s crumbling infrastructure, that number is sure to grow even higher. We hope that the companies represented here today and the rest of the businesses who put Americans to work manufacturing their products will see the numbers grow as the Trump administration continues to unleash American industry. In about a half-hour, the President will head out to the South Lawn to view some of the larger products, like a forklift from Mississippi and a fire truck from Wisconsin.  He'll then proceed to the Blue Room and continue along the State Floor to see everything from California wine to body armor manufactured in Iowa.  He will then make remarks and sign a proclamation declaring July 17th as Made in America Day. The Vice President, Cabinet members, members of Congress, and White House senior staff are also visiting the state displays throughout the rest of the afternoon. Later in the week, the President will host a Made in America Certification Event and attend the commissioning the USS Gerald R. Ford in Newport News, Virginia. Also here today, the Departments of Transportation and Energy are making important investments in domestic air travel and the new generation of bioenergy.  The FAA will award over $290 million as part of its Airport Investment [Improvement] Program to 105 airports in 38 states.  These grants fund various types of projects, including runways, taxiways, and airport signage, which makes our airports safer and will create thousands of jobs. And the Department of Energy will award $40 million for the establishment of four Department of Energy Bioenergy Research Centers, which are designed to lay the scientific groundwork for the next generation of energy technology. Here at the White House and across the administration, we’re working around the clock to make America safer and more prosperous.  But as the Democrats proved again last week, they’re willing to put anything on the line, even national security, just to keep the President from putting his own team in place to carry out his agenda. Last week, Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer continued this unprecedented pattern of obstruction when he decided to politicize the number-two job at the Department of Defense at a time of rising national security threats.  Rather than allow Patrick Shanahan, the President’s nominee for Deputy Secretary of Defense, to be voted on by unanimous consent as proposed by Senator McCain, Senator Schumer objected, further delaying his confirmation.  Mr. Shanahan is eminently qualified and was even praised by the New York Times as "a good complement" to Secretary Mattis, but his nomination has languished in the Senate for over a month as a casualty of these partisan attacks.  This is on top of an even more brazen example from earlier this month where Senate Democrats used every available tool to delay the confirmation of a judge that was eventually confirmed 100-0.  They all supported the nomination, they all voted for him, so the Senate Democrats’ delay tactics had nothing to do with questions about his qualifications, and everything to do about pettiness and politics. While that effort was partisan, last week’s move to block a vote on a key national security post is downright dangerous.  Just one in four of the President’s 187 nominees to date have been confirmed, and we’re nearing six months into the administration.  It’s time for Senate Democrats to drop this pointless and petty gamesmanship and start working with this administration on behalf of the American people. And with that, I’ll take your questions. Margaret. Q    Sean, good to see you back here.  Question for you.  One on Iran.  Will this administration certify Iran's compliance with the nuclear deal? MR. SPICER:  The JCPOA authority was delegated to the State Department.  And the Secretary of Defense -- excuse me, the Secretary of State will have an announcement very shortly on that deal. I think you all know that the President has made very clear that he thought this was a bad deal -- a bad deal for the United States.  And I will wait until the State Department makes further action before going any further. Q    And secondly, your counterpart in Russia, Dmitry Peskov, who speaks for Vladimir Putin, said today that they expect their properties that were seized by the prior administration to be returned and without any stipulations or attachments to that.  Was this discussed with the President?  Does the President have a strong view?  What is it that the President would like to see in return before handing these properties over?  MR. SPICER:  I know that Secretary Tillerson -- that falls under his purview.  He has been having discussions, and I would refer you to the State Department for --  Q    But this came from Vladimir Putin’s office, not -- MR. SPICER:  I understand that.  But in our country, right now, the Secretary of State is handling that portfolio, and so I would refer you to him on that. Q    But did the President bring this up at all in his conversations in Hamburg with Vladimir Putin? MR. SPICER:  I don't know.  I’d be glad to find out on that.  I don't believe it did, but I’d be glad to find out. Toluse. Q    Thank you, Sean.  The President tweeted earlier today that most politicians would have gone into the meeting like the one Don Jr. attended in order to get info on an opponent.  He said that's politics.  His FBI Director nominee said that anyone who was approached by a hostile government for opposition research should contact the FBI rather than taking the meeting.  Who's right?  And what’s the White House’s position on whether or not it’s okay to meet with a hostile government for opposition research? MR. SPICER:  Look, you know I’m not going to get into the specifics of this.  But I will say that it is quite often for people who are given information during the heat of a campaign to ask what that is.  That's what simply he did.  The President has made it clear through this tweet.  And there was nothing, as far as we know, that would lead anyone to believe that there was anything except for a discussion about adoption and the Magnitsky Act. But I would refer you back to counsel on that one. Q    Okay.  And can I ask about counsel, about Marc Kasowitz?  He was -- reportedly, he exchanged emails with a private citizen with a number of threats and a profanity-laced set of comments.  Does the White House and the President still have confidence in Mr. Kasowitz to speak for the administration on this Russia matter? MR. SPICER:  Yes, he does.  And I know Mr. Kasowitz has issued an apology on that matter. Zeke. Q    Sean, first a follow-up to his question there.  The President’s tweet this morning regarding the Russia investigation -- did Ty Cobb vet that?  Can you talk a little bit about his role?  Is his job here to manage the President’s personal response to the Russia investigation? MR. SPICER:  Mr. Cobb -- as you know within the counsel’s office, there are various attorneys that have different portfolios.  And while we have outside counsel, a lot of times the requests that we get from this room require us to go to counsel and say, can we answer this question?  What can we say or can't we say?  You do your best a lot of times to get us to make a case why this should be answered by the White House. And so we end up spending a lot of time talking to the counsel’s office about what can and can't be referred to outside counsel, what still remains in our purview.  And so it was the decision of the White House to bring someone on board that, like in a lot of other areas that we have counsels dedicated to that, that there was significant interest in the subject to do that. Q    So in the case of the President’s tweet this morning, was that something that went through Mr. Cobb? MR. SPICER:  I don't believe so.   Q    And once more, a follow on Made in America.  You mentioned the Sikorsky helicopter parked on the South Lawn -- that would be known as Marine One -- who paid for that to fly here from, I guess, probably Quantico?  And also, is it appropriate military resources for a political event? MR. SPICER:  Well, it would be at Bolling, is where I believe that's held.  But I think we're very proud.  The idea is to showcase this week things that are made in America.  And I know Sikorsky and the state of Connecticut are very proud of the fact that they contribute to our national security, that there are, I assume, hundreds if not thousands of people whose job depends on that.  And I think, like most Americans, we're all proud of the helicopter and other military equipment that so many Americans worked tirelessly to do.  So, of course, it’s appropriate to highlight that. Hunter. Q    Thank you, Sean.  I’m wondering whether you can tell us if Made in America Week will include the Trump organization or Ivanka Trump brands committing to stop manufacturing wares abroad. MR. SPICER:  Say that -- I’m sorry?  If the --  Q    As part of Made in America Week, if the Trump Organization or Ivanka Trump’s brands will make any kind of commitment to stop manufacturing gifts, clothes, and other wares abroad? MR. SPICER:  So there’s a couple things that are interesting about that question.  First, I think what’s really important is the President’s agenda, regulatory relief, and tax relief are focused on trying to make sure that all companies can hire here, can expand here, can manufacture here.  That's something that he wants for every company, and you've seen him talk about that extensively. With respect to his own companies, obviously it’s inappropriate to discuss how anything would affect their own companies.  But I can tell you that, in some cases, there are certain supply chains or scalability that may not be available in this country.  I’m not going to comment on specific products, but I will tell you that the overall-arching goal, of course, though, is to grow manufacturing -- to grow and invest here in the United States and to grow U.S. workers here.  So that remains the overall objective. Q    Obviously, it might be a sacrifice, given certain questions about going rates and stuff, but wouldn’t it be sort of a way to show leadership? MR. SPICER:  Again, it’s not appropriate for me to stand up here and comment about a business.  I believe that's a little out of bounds.  But again, I would go back to the President’s broader goal which is to create investment here, to bring back the manufacturing base.  And I think when you look at a lot of these indices that measure confidence -- both in terms of CEOs, manufacturers -- that they're all-time highs.  And I think part of that is that there’s a lot of confidence that the President’s agenda is going to accomplish that. Charlie. Q    Just a question about the DHS decision to allow 15,000 new temporary worker visas.  How does that not conflict with the President’s Hire American message? MR. SPICER:  Again, I’ll refer you to DHS on this.  But I think one of the things that you're seeing through this is it’s not just the number, it’s a lot of the qualifications and a lot that goes through there to ensure that we hiring and bringing in the people. As you know, the President has been supportive of the RAISE Act, by Senators Cotton and Perdue, which seeks to really look at more of a merit-based immigration system.  And that's something that he continues to push for, and we’ll continue to work with Senators Cotton and Perdue and others to help get that in a place that will focus more on merit-based and really provide the overall reform that he’s been talking about for a long time. Dave. Q    Sean, thanks.  What’s the White House reaction to the government of Iran announcing that they've sentenced the Chinese-American student from Princeton to 10 years for espionage?  And also, could you fill us in on any new sanctions on Iran? MR. SPICER:  I’m not going to comment on any new sanctions.  If there are some, at that point Treasury would be the one to make that announcement when that's appropriate. Obviously, we're disappointed in that.  And with respect to that individual, he is someone that we're keeping an eye on. Yes. Q    Thanks, Sean.  With regard -- I wanted to ask you about steel tariffs.  The President told reporters on the plane last week that he was considering tariffs and quotas with regard to foreign steel.  This being Made in America Week, can we expect an announcement?  Has the President made up his mind on whether he’s going to do tariffs, quotas, or both? MR. SPICER:  I think the President’s comments on Air Force One speak for themselves.  When he’s ready to make an announcement on that, we’ll share that with you.  But that's something that the team is still discussing with him. John Decker. Q    Thanks a lot, Sean.  Is the President resigned to the idea that it seems unlikely that the Senate will vote on any type of repeal-and-replace bill anytime in the immediate future? MR. SPICER:  I know that Senator McConnell has made it clear that he would like Senator McCain back.  We obviously wish him a speedy recovery.  And as soon as Senator McConnell -- as soon as Senator McCain can travel back, and Senator McConnell feels it’s appropriate, he’ll schedule that vote.  We feel very confident about where we are now, and we look forward to getting that bill on the President’s desk and getting it signed. Q    On Made in America, I just wanted a real quick question.  I realize you can't speak, as you said, specifically about the President Donald J. Trump organization’s companies, but I just wanted to get a view from you on what critics are saying about whether the President is the right vessel for this message.  After all, he has shirts made in China and Bangladesh and India.  Other products made -- like Trump vodka made in the Netherlands.  So give me a sense, if you could, about whether the President is the right vessel for the message that he’s going to deliver later today before the press? MR. SPICER:  I actually look at it in a very different way, which is the President has been a very successful businessman on a number of fronts and a number of areas and industries, and to understand firsthand what the tax burden and what the regulatory burden do to a business that wants to grow or expand here or hire here.  So I think he actually is -- in a very unique way understands the challenges that our regulatory system and our tax system put on businesses that want to hire here, that want to grow here, that need scalability and capacity here in a way that maybe isn’t because of some of our arcane trade laws, our regulations, or our tax laws.  So I actually think that he’s in a very unique way able to talk about the challenges that so many of these companies face as they choose to expand, and some of the tariffs and quotas that they face in other markets. I know that some of the stuff -- you look at a company like Caterpillar, who is out there, and you talk to them about some of the tariffs that they face going into other countries.  When you're talking about an earthmover, a D11 or something else, when you're talking about a million-plus-dollar piece of equipment, a 20 percent tariff is $200,000.  So if you're going into a country where our companies are disadvantaged by a huge tariff, that's immediately putting them at a disadvantage. And the President understands what that means to a company that wants to grow and expand throughout the globe and meet new markets, and go into other places. So I think he understands it probably very, very uniquely. Fred. Q    Okay, thanks, Sean.   MR. SPICER:  I’ll get to you, Andrew.  Don't worry. Q    Thank you, Sean.  A couple of questions on the Voter Integrity Commission’s meeting on Wednesday.  I wanted to ask you, without full cooperation of all the states, would the commission consider buying some of the registration information sort of the way campaigns do?  Or using maybe a private organization like Aristotle International? MR. SPICER:  Most of this information is available.  All that those companies are doing is buying it from the states.  So I don't think there would be any reason to go to a private vendor.  I think we should be able to do this utilizing official resources that exist within a state. Again, I think there’s been some miscommunication on what they're seeking.  The commission has asked that each state provide that information that is public that they share.  And because that varies from state to state, what they're willing to give out, the commission was illustrative in its letter in trying to describe what it was looking for.  But I think we're going to move forward very well. Trey.  Yes. Q    I’m sorry, I do have another.  And that's -- there was hacking into voter registration rolls in Illinois and Arizona, and we found out recently South Carolina was reported.  Is that going to be something the commission will look into at all? MR. SPICER:  I think the commission has got a very broad mandate to make sure that there’s the greatest degree of integrity in our voting system and confidence in it.  So I don't want to get ahead of their agenda, but I think all areas like that are going to probably get brought up.  But the first meeting is Wednesday.  We’ll see what comes of it. Trey. Q    Thanks, Sean.  Two foreign policy questions for you.  First, what steps is President Trump taking to ensure that the Israelis are comfortable with the U.S.-brokered ceasefire in Syria? MR. SPICER:  So obviously -- you’re talking about Prime Minister Netanyahu’s comments. Q    Correct.   MR. SPICER:  One, I would refer you to him to that.  But there’s a shared interest that we have with Israel, making sure that Iran does not gain a foothold, military base-wise, in southern Syria.  So while we’re going to continue those talks, obviously we want to have the productive ceasefire, but we also want to make sure that we’re not -- one of our other objectives obviously remains to make sure that Iran does not gain a foothold in southern Syria.  So we need to continue to have that discussion with Prime Minister Netanyahu about his concerns, but I think there is a shared goal there. Eamon. Q    Thanks, Sean.  With the healthcare bill in limbo, what’s the administration’s plan to move forward on tax reform?  Can you do it without having moved on healthcare first? MR. SPICER:  Well, obviously, the Senate is still on track to vote, which is great, and the President will sign it as soon as it’s possible.  We’re going to continue to plan.  We’ve had well into the hundreds, if not close to a thousand listening sessions with different entities -- so the number of entities, not the number of meetings.  So they’ll continue that outreach, continue to hear with folks.  There’s been a very robust discussion with House and Senate leadership and the committees of relevant jurisdiction, and we’re going to continue that.   But we’re going to keep moving that along.  I expect there will be some activity in August and then into September, but we’re still on track to do that.  And we hope to have the healthcare bill completely locked up as soon as Senator McConnell deems it appropriate.   Q    Sean, a follow-up.   MR. SPICER:  Kristen  Q    Thanks, Sean.  There’s concern among those who support the healthcare bill that this extension is going to give the opponents of the bill more traction.  What specifically is President Trump going to do to try to get this bill over the finish line?  What will the -- MR. SPICER:  He’s been very active on the phone.  He’s going to continue to meet with senators.  I think he’ll have some senators over tonight.  He’s been very active over the weekend.  The Vice President has been extremely engaged as well.  We’ll continue those discussions.   So I think we’re going to do what we did the last time.  The President is going to be engaged, he’s going to get this done.  And then -- you know, it’s been said before, but there’s no one better than Mitch McConnell when it comes to knowing how and when to make a bill successful in the Senate.  So we have every confidence in the Majority Leader’s ability to get this done, and the President will do whatever he has to to support those efforts. Q    And who’s coming over tonight?  Is it just -- MR. SPICER:  I don’t have a list for you. Q    And one quickly on Russia.  President Trump has referred to the Russia investigation as a “hoax,"  "a witch hunt."  Given the meeting that Donald Trump, Jr. had, does he now acknowledge that the special counsel is a legitimate investigation? MR. SPICER:  I think Mr. Sekulow answered that question very extensively this weekend. Q    What would you say? MR. SPICER:  Again, I think it’s been asked and answered.   Q    Sean, can you tell me how these products were selected from each of the 50 states?  And do you know if most of the owners are Trump supporters? MR. SPICER:  I don’t.  You’re free to ask them.  I think the pool will be out there.  I think there’s some folks, so feel free to talk to them.  This was an engagement where we asked for suggestions from governors and members of Congress to give us a list, and then, working within the different offices here, an ultimate selection was made.  But we sought input from the governors and the congressional delegation. Abby. Q    Sean, since Friday the President has tweeted four times about healthcare, but he’s also tweeted six times about the U.S. Women’s Open, which was held at a private property that was owned by his company.  So the question is:  Is it appropriate for him to essentially advertise his private business using his Twitter feed and use of time, when comparatively less time is being spent on healthcare, an issue that, as you know, is the most important issue to Americans right now? MR. SPICER:  Well, I respectfully disagree with that in the sense that sending off a tweet takes, what, five, ten seconds?  As I just mentioned to Kristen, he’s been extremely engaged throughout the weekend, making phone calls, talking to folks, meeting with his team, getting updates.  So to compare a tweet with a meeting or a phone call of substance is probably a little -- Q    But he did spend a lot of his weekend at the U.S. Women’s Open.  He seemed to be very engaged in it.  I mean, the tweets are, perhaps, a second long, but it seems to indicate what the President is spending his time on.  So how do you assure the country that he actually is, in fact, engaged on healthcare when we know where he was over the weekend -- he’s been tweeting about it? MR. SPICER:  I would suggest to you -- one, I just told you he’s been extremely engaged in talking to different senators.  I know that some of them have mentioned they had extensive discussions with him.  Number two, this is the same group -- we got a lot of that it will never get through the House.  He continued to work hard.  He continued to be engaged then, and it came out.  We continue to do what we have to do, and we’ll make it work.   But we’re going to get this done.  We’ll move on.  We’ll do tax reform.  We’re going to do infrastructure.  The President has a really robust agenda, and I think when you look at the amount of activity that he’s been able to do and the results that he’s getting, I think that speaks for itself. Andrew. Q    Can I ask you a Made in America question, Sean?   MR. SPICER:  Yeah, sure. Q    Just a quick one.  Ivanka Trump’s -- the head of Ivanka Trump’s business said that it is currently not possible to make her products here in the United States.  So what is the White House’s or this administration’s policy remedy for companies like that who say there’s just no way to do it?  How do they make their products here in America? MR. SPICER:  I mean, I can’t answer that question in the sense that I’m not -- but I can tell you that it depends on the product, right?  There are certain things that -- certain industries that we don’t do as much anymore, and there’s certain things that we do do more.  There’s a certain aspect of technology and labor.  But as I mentioned before in terms of scalability, there’s certain things that we may not have the capacity to do here in terms of having a plant or a factory that can do it.   The beautiful thing about a capitalistic society is that if there’s enough of a demand for it, it will happen, and I think that’s what the President is trying to do.  If you lower the tax rate, if you lower the regulatory burden, you will hopefully grow businesses and grow manufacturing. I’ve talked to several CEOs and business leaders in the past couple of weeks about tax reform, and it’s amazing how many of them tell you that they pay the 35 percent rate.  And you say to them, what will you do if that rate drops?  And the number-one thing they talk about is they’re going to invest and build more in their company.  And I think that’s what we need to do.   But some lines, some industries, some products may not have the scalability or the demand here in this country.  But like so many other things, if there’s enough of a demand, then hopefully someone builds a factory and does it.  But we've seen that in your own industry, where you saw the decline of newspapers, for example, and you've seen a lot more online content and online publications.  That’s the evolution, sometimes, of some industries.  But I'm sure somewhere around the world that newspapers still get delivered every day in a much greater way than they do here. Q    But is it appropriate, if there is no -- in the case of Ivanka Trump's businesses -- handbags, shirts, purses, whatever -- if there is no capacity, is it appropriate to make those things overseas? MR. SPICER:  Well, think about all of the things that we buy every day.  Of course there's a market, because we depend in this country for so many goods and services, some of which are made in America, some of which aren’t.  Obviously, we want to create an environment in which more things are made here, more things are exported from here.  And that's what the President's agenda sets out to do. I got to go to the birthday girl, Micaela.  Oh, I'm sorry -- Sarah. Q    Oh, thanks.  It's not my birthday but -- (laughter) -- MR. SPICER:  (Laughter.)  I don’t even want -- it's Micaela's birthday, she's not here.  I saw Eamon and I thought CNBC.  My apologies. Q    I'll take a second question.  (Laughter.)   Q    Back to the JCPOA, I know you don’t want to get ahead of the announcement about the recertification, but the administration has been reviewing it for some time now, even though the President has already made definitive statements about what he thinks should be on the Iran deal.  So did he make those statements without having sufficient information about the Iran deal?  Or is the review ongoing because he's open to changing his position on the Iran deal, if new information came to light? MR. SPICER:  I got to say -- I mean, I think the President, from throughout the campaign until now, has made very clear that he thinks it's a bad deal.  And initially he recertified it because he had the luxury of having an entire team here, both from State, DOD, NSC, to review it.  That time is up and state will make its announcement very shortly.   But I think he's been very consistent with the fact that he thought it was a bad deal. Andrew. Q    Thank you, Sean.  Two questions and a short follow-up.  When the President took office, one of the things he ordered was a 90-day cybersecurity review.  That deadline came and went.  It's been several months.  Can you update us on where that report is?  Has it been completed?  And if it hasn’t been completed, why? MR. SPICER:  I will get back to you on the report.  He did sign an executive order on cyber, making sure that we have the resources necessary to protect our key critical infrastructure. Q    Last week there was a march online -- day of action on net neutrality -- organized and participated by many of the largest companies in America -- Amazon, Apple, Facebook -- a lot of the technology economy that's been driving the U.S. economy.  Granted, the FCC is an independent agency, but does the President believe that network neutrality is an important thing and an open Internet is important to the American economy? MR. SPICER:  Well, again, as you noted, the FCC is an independent agency and I refer you to them with respect to -- Q    I'm asking what the President believes.   MR. SPICER:  I have not addressed net neutrality specifically. Q    Can you get back to me? MR. SPICER:  I will definitely.  Caitlin. Q    Thanks, Sean.  The Ukraine government reportedly went into damage-control mode in an effort to make amends when President Trump won the election after working with DNC and administration officials to undermine his candidacy.  Is this an issue that was discussed during President Poroshenko's visit to the White House in June?  And has the President discussed it with him? MR. SPICER:  Actually, that's an interesting question.  I will have to get back to you.  Obviously, there's been a lot more interest in recent days with respect to what the DNC did in coordination with the Ukrainian government to try to collude and achieve a goal of having someone removed, which ultimately did happen. So I don’t know whether that came up with the President.  I'd be glad to look into the call.  I know that that story and the DNC's collusion with the Ukrainian government has definitely gotten a lot more attention since that meeting, so I'm not sure that it was necessarily topical at the time.  But now that there's been renewed interest in what the DNC did, I'm glad to look further. Q    Does what the DNC did have any impact on this administration's policy towards Ukraine? MR. SPICER:  Again, I don’t -- it wasn’t something that was discussed at the time of the visit that I'm aware of.  I'd be glad to follow up and find out whether that did come up.  But again, my only point is that, at the time of the visit, I don’t believe it was as topical as it is now. George. Q    At a briefing last month, you said you didn’t believe the President factored in, when he made a trip, what his popularity is in that country.  Now we have a report of a transcript of a conversation between Prime Minister May and the President in which he asked her to "fix" his popularity so he gets a better reception.  Do you have any reason to doubt the accuracy of that transcript, that that conversation took place? And do you still believe that he doesn’t factor in his popularity? MR. SPICER:  I believe that -- I'm not going to comment on rumored leaked conversations.  I will say that he was pleased to accept Her Majesty's invitation and looks forward to visiting the United Kingdom. Ken. Q    On North Korea -- South Korea has offered to hold talks with the North Koreans.  What's the President's view of that?  And are there certain conditions that the President would like to see met before those talks take place? MR. SPICER:  Well, obviously those comments came out of the Republic of Korea and I would refer you back to them.  That being said, I think the President has made clear in the past with respect that any type of conditions that would have to be met are clearly far away from where we are now. Jeff. Q    Sean, has the White House been monitoring the demonstrations in Venezuela, and do you have any reaction to that? MR. SPICER:  Yeah, we obviously are concerned about that.  We've been watching what's been going on.  We congratulate the Venezuelan people for the huge turnout in the referendum yesterday and the unmistakable statement that they made and that they delivered to their government.  We condemn the violence inflicted by government thugs against innocent voters, and efforts by the government to erode democracy in Venezuela.  We once again call for the constituent assembly of July 30th to be cancelled, and for free and fair elections to be scheduled.  Q    Just one follow-up on Iran.  A senior commander in Iran's Revolutionary Guard said today that if the United States designated the group a terrorist organization and applied new sanctions, that it would be perilous for U.S. forces in the region.  Do you have a reaction to that? MR. SPICER:  I don’t think our forces will ever be -- what was the word? Q    In peril. MR. SPICER:  No.  I think our forces are the greatest fighting machine in the world, and we'll do everything we can to protect our country and to make sure that we extinguish any threats that we face. Thank you, guys.  Hope to have you get a good look at what's going on outside, and the pool will do a great job. Thanks. END  3:05 P.M. EDT

17 июля, 12:10

Trump’s trade warrior prowls the West Wing

Peter Navarro has pulled the president so far right on trade that some aides worry about a global trade war.

17 июля, 08:37

Почему торговый профицит Германии угрожает миру

На завершившемся в Гамбурге саммите G20 четко проявилось принципиальное различие между протекционистской Америкой и выступающей за свободную торговлю Германией.

17 декабря 2016, 07:11

Заметки к некрологу Транстихоокеанскому партнерству

21 ноября избранный президент Дональд Трамп прекратил мучения марафонцев, продвигавших проект Транстихоокеанского партнерства. Он заявил, что в первый официальный день его президентства США выйдут из Соглашения о Транстихоокеанском партнерстве, которое было подписано в феврале этого года, но еще не было ратифицировано.По условиям Соглашения, если США его не ратифицируют, оно не вступает в силу даже при ратификации всеми остальными сторонами. То есть, заявление Трампа означает одно – попытка создать тихоокеанскую зону свободной торговли на кабальных условиях для всех участников по правилам, диктуемым США, провалилась.Одним из главных видимых «лоббистов» ТТП выступал «Центр стратегических и международных исследований», самая влиятельная в мире негосударственная аналитическая структура, работающая в области безопасности и оборонной политики, негласный хаб, связывающий оборонные структуры стран по второму каналу дипломатии. От CSIS проект формально курировал Майкл Грин, руководитель направления японских исследований.Майкл Грин. Источник: csis.orgДля того, чтобы понять, почему и для чего США вступили в инициативу, которую не они начали (первый вариант Соглашения в 2006 году подписала «Тихоокеанская четверка» – Бруней, Чили, Новая Зеландия и Перу, а США вступили лишь в 2008 году, Япония – и того позже), надо обратиться к их собственным заявлениям.Переговоры по ТТП все эти годы шли в режиме строгой секретности. Соглашение было подписано 4 февраля 2016 года в Окленде, Новая Зеландия. Страны-подписанты: Австралия, Бруней, Вьетнам, Канада, Малайзия, Мексика, Новая Зеландия, Перу, Сингапур, США, Чили, Япония.А в апреле 2016 года CSIS выпустил аналитическую записку по проекту, где предельно четко обозначил цели США в регионе и цель ТТП: «исследования показывают, что в Азии в центре находится неуверенность в связи с растущей мощью Китая, и наши союзники и партнеры рассчитывают на лидерство США в регионе». При этом, указал CSIS, в настоящий момент центр «борьбы за власть и влияние» сместился в Азию, и в таких условиях единственным способом обеспечить лидерство США в регионе и гарантировать способность устанавливать «новые правила региональной торговли и инвестиций» – это Транстихоокеанское партнерство, в котором главными стратегическими партнерами США являются Япония и Южная Корея.Для этой цели необходимо опереться на «три столпа», которые обеспечивали и обеспечивают лидерство США в азиатском регионе. К столпам относятся:1. сеть альянсов и военное присутствие США в Японии и Южной Корее с целью сдерживания потенциальных противников;2. ценности, которые укрепляют поддержку открытого регионального и глобального порядка, основанного на букве закона и ответственности участников. Под ценностями понимаются демократические нормы;3. обязательство расширять торговлю и экономическое взаимодействие (создание привлекательной зоны торговли, куда втягивались бы государства, ранее находившиеся в орбите России).Далее было сказано, что благодаря этим трем столпам стала возможной «победа над Советской империей». Во-первых, военное сдерживание, во-вторых, «распространение демократии в 1980-х годах высушило болота потенциальной коммунистической революции в государствах Азии», и, наконец, новый региональный порядок переманил к себе государства, откалывавшиеся от советского блока. Надо ли гадать, что это deja vu означает, что на месте СССР сейчас находится Китай, а схема работает на сдерживание его роста и экспансии.Дискуссия: а надо ли влезать в ТТП?Все последнее годы нарастали дебаты на тему, а стоит ли государствам на таких жестких условиях ввязываться в эфемерную «зону свободной торговли»? Противостояние было настолько серьезным, что в 2014 году был раздут скандал, в ходе которого CSIS обвинили в том, что он, действуя как иностранный агент, на японские деньги двигал проект Транстихоокеанского партнерства.Наибольшие вопросы вызывало несколько пунктов. Прежде всего, речь шла о привилегии транснациональных корпораций отстаивать свои права в международном суде, обходя судебную систему страны, в которой они ведут инвестиционную и производственную деятельность. То есть права инвесторов ставились выше прав принимающих государств. Эта практика получила название «Разрешение споров между инвестором и принимающей инвестиции страной» (Investor-state dispute settlement, «ISDS») и применяется при малейшем нарушении прав компаний против руководства тех стран, которые нарушили права. Под нарушением прав можно понимать что угодно вплоть до требования утилизировать отходы производства.Споры были настолько жаркими, что CSIS официально выпускал заявления, в которых утверждал, что процедура ISDS вполне рабочая. Так, 29 октября 2014 года CSIS выпустил рабочий документ под названием «Investor-State Dispute Settlement: A Reality Check», в котором было указано, что процедура успешно применялась американскими компаниями в Латинской Америке.Насколько успешно она применялась компаниями в Латинской Америке, можно понять из случая с компанией Renco Group Inc. миллиардера Айры Реннерта (Ira Rennert), которая имела горнодобывающие мощности в Перу (это потенциальный подписант ТТП, кстати). Перу на своей шкуре попробовало, чем обернется ТТП для его потенциальных членов, если они посмеют указывать инвесторам, приносящим деньги в их экономику.В ответ на требование властей снизить загрязнение окружающей среды и убрать свои отходы компания применила механизм ISDS и попыталась отсудить $800 млн. Непосредственным основанием для иска стал отзыв лицензии у завода Doe Run Peru в 2010 году. После пятилетнего разбирательства, 15 июля 2016 года суд Международного центра урегулирования инвестиционных споров (International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)) отказал в удовлетворении иска американского миллиардера. Результат достигнут, хищнику дали по морде, но нервов измотано немало, производство закрыто, рабочие места потеряны, проблема загрязнения окружающей среды не решена.Среди других спорных моментов стоит назвать очень жесткие требования в части интеллектуальной собственности, тарифного регулирования, прав на изготовление генериков лекарств и т.д. и т.п.2 мая 2016 года нидерландское отделение Greenpeace слило в сеть тексты Соглашения, заставив Обаму огрызнуться: «Другие страны должны играть по правилам, которые устанавливает Америка и ее партнеры, и никак иначе. ТТП – как раз то, что позволит нам это сделать… Правила меняются. США, а не страны вроде Китая должны их писать». Вот на такой «дружественной волне» готовилась ратификация документа. О силе противостояния можно говорить уже потому, что стратегия «переориентации на Азию», принятая на вооружение администрацией Обамы, опиралась на Министерство обороны. Оно пропихивало через правительство военную доктрину для АТР, которую написали специалисты CSIS. Дабы не было сомнений в поддержке, Минобороны на своем сайте написало: «Обзор CSIS… отвечает общему подходу Министерства обороны к поддержке переориентации отношения США на АТР. Он поддерживает усилия США по укреплению, усилению и расширению наших альянсов и стимулирует создание сотрудничества в области обороны с региональными партнерами. Его рекомендации созвучны усилиям министерства в части обновления оперативных концепций и военных возможностей с целью обеспечения того, чтобы вооруженные силы в будущем сохранили способность к сдерживанию и доминированию в возможных конфликтах».В общем, лобби более чем мощное. Чем дело кончилосьИ тут Дональд Трамп говорит, что это все пойдет в утиль, а ставка будет сделана на двусторонние партнерские отношения. Дальше происходят еще более интересные вещи. Япония, поспешив, ратифицирует документ 10 декабря. И влипает в крайне щекотливую ситуацию.14 декабря Трамп назначает госсекретарем (внимание!) члена совета попечителей CSIS Рекса У. Тиллерсона, владельца Exxon Mobil Corporation. Для того, чтобы было понятно, надо пояснить, что по правилам, руководство Центром стратегических и международных исследований осуществляет не директор, а совет попечителей. Ситуация с Японией становится еще более щекотливой.Рекс Тиллерсон. Источник: vesti.ruВ тот же день CSIS выпустил аналитическую записку, в которой признал, что не больно-то и надо было, и отказался от дальнейшей борьбы за Транстихоокеанское партнерство. А потом выдал страшно оригинальный «План В»: послать куда подальше всех партнеров по ТТП и удовлетвориться двусторонним соглашением с Японией, которая единственная из всех участников является стратегическим партнером. А потому ей нельзя позволить ударить в грязь лицом. Кстати, своё тоже спасти не помешает, хотя полный комплект двусторонних, и даже трехсторонних соглашений у США имеется.Вот такое печальное окончание. Впрочем, «партнеры» не сильно расстроились, что первая попытка создания зоны свободной торговли без США не вышла. Да, США сами развалили то начинание, которое перехватили и возглавили (что, кстати, очень напоминает общепринятую практику защиты национальных интересов, когда ответственные лица и структуры, завидев угрозу, должны ее зафиксировать, обезвредить, или, если она не обезвреживается, уничтожить… см. специализацию CSIS). Но президент Перу незамедлительно выдвинул свой план, назовем его «План С», - Педро Кучински предложил заменить соглашение о ТТП договором стран Азиатско-Тихоокеанского региона без США, но с привлечением России и Китая. Оправдывая тем самым «пугалки» CSIS о том, что в отсутствие ТТП правила торговли в азиатском регионе будут устанавливать другие региональные союзы. Так что, история продолжается.

09 сентября 2016, 15:24

ГЕОэкономика. Чем грозит мнимое спокойствие мировой экономики?

Мировая экономика, несмотря на внешнее спокойствие, на самом деле продолжает испытывать серьезные трудности в своем развитии. Усилиями мировых Центральных банков острая фаза кризиса 2008 года была купирована. Однако внутренние диспропорции мировой экономики не преодолены. И значит, в любой момент мы можем стать свидетелями очередных неприятных событий. Смогут ли представители крупнейших экономик мира договориться между собой, чтобы как-то исправить ситуацию? Об этом расскажет Александр Кареевский в программе "Геоэкономика".

11 октября 2015, 23:00

«Крупнейшее торговое соглашение США поставит под угрозу российский экспорт»

Российские экспортеры столкнутся с более жесткой конкуренцией в Тихоокеанском регионе из-за создания нового торгового блока во главе с США. Под угрозой могут оказаться поставки алюминия, других металлов, леса, удобрений.

09 октября 2015, 07:04

Программа "Геоэкономика" от 8 октября 2015 года

Лидер президентской гонки в США среди демократов Хиллари Клинтон заявила, что не поддерживает соглашение о Транстихоокеанском партнерстве между США и 11 странами АТР. Верховный лидер Ирана запретил какие-либо переговоры с США. Банк России изучает возможности введения в РФ исламского банкинга. Цены на нефть остаются недалеко от годовых минимумов. Страдают и производители в Латинской Америке. Будьте в курсе самых актуальных новостей! Подписка на офиц. канал Россия24: http://bit.ly/subscribeRussia24TV Последние новости - http://bit.ly/LatestNews15 Вести в 11:00 - https://bit.ly/Vesti11-00-2015 Вести. Дежурная часть - https://bit.ly/DezhChast2015 Большие вести в 20:00 - http://bit.ly/Vesti20-00-2015 Вести в 23:00 - https://bit.ly/Vesti23-00-2015 Вести-Москва с Зеленским - https://bit.ly/VestiMoskva2015 Вести в субботу с Брилёвым - http://bit.ly/VestiSubbota2015 Вести недели с Киселёвым - http://bit.ly/VestiNedeli2015 Специальный корреспондент - http://bit.ly/SpecKor Воскресный вечер с Соловьёвым - http://bit.ly/VoskresnyVecher Поединок - https://bit.ly/Poedinok2015 Интервью - http://bit.ly/InterviewPL Реплика - http://bit.ly/Replika2015 Агитпроп - https://bit.ly/AgitProp Война с Поддубным - http://bit.ly/TheWar2015 Военная программа Сладкова - http://bit.ly/MilitarySladkov Россия и мир в цифрах - http://bit.ly/Grafiki Документальные фильмы - http://bit.ly/DocumentalFilms Вести.net - http://bit.ly/Vesti-net Викторина с Киселевым - https://bit.ly/Znanie-Sila

05 октября 2015, 16:20

США удалось достичь крупнейшего торгового соглашения за 20 лет

Представители США и 11 государств Тихоокеанского пояса достигли соглашения по договору о Транстихоокеанском партнерстве. Как отмечает Bloomberg, эта договоренность является крупнейшей для США за последние 20 лет

01 октября 2015, 23:39

Программа "Геоэкономика" от 1 октября 2015 года

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