23 марта, 21:21

Trump signs omnibus bill after morning veto threat

Situations like today's omnibus scramble present reporters and the public with a dilemma: how should we treat information coming out of the White House?

09 марта, 02:05

This Is One Of History's Most Accurate Indicators Of A Looming Financial Crisis

Authored by Simon Black via SovereignMan.com, On April 15, 1185, over eight centuries ago, a powerful earthquake struck the East Midlands region of England near the town of Lincoln. Modern scientists estimate the magnitude of the earthquake at 5.0 on today’s Richter scale… which was a pretty big deal back then. Medieval England didn’t have any earthquake-proof construction methods, and much of the region was leveled to the ground. One of the structures that was destroyed was the Lincoln Cathedral. And the new bishop, Hugh de Burgundy, launched a bold reconstruction project to rebuild an even better cathedral using the latest advances in architectural design and technology. De Burgundy’s successors kept making improvements to the cathedral, until, in the mid-1300s, the cathedral’s spire was raised to 160 meters (525 feet), making it the tallest structure in the world. Curiously, a severe economic crisis broke out across Europe soon after as the King of England defaulted on his debts due to military setbacks in the 100 Years’ War. Fast forward several centuries to the late 1700s, when, in the town of Ditherington, England, the local flax mill took the title as the world’s tallest building in 1797. That same year, a major economic crisis began raging in Great Britain and the United States after a huge real estate bubble burst. Banks and businesses in both countries suffered major losses. The completion of the Equitable Life Building in New York City in the early 1870s, which became the tallest building in the world, coincided with the Panic of 1873, and the Long Depression that lasted for more than a decade. The New York World tower broke the record for tallest building in the world when it was completed in 1890… which also happened to be the same year that the economic panic of 1890 broke out. Philadelphia’s city hall briefly held the record for world’s tallest building when it was completed just in time for the Panic of 1893– a crisis so severe that the US Treasury Department had to be bailed out. The Met Life Insurance Tower in New York City shattered the record for the world’s tallest building when it was completed in 1907, just as the Panic of 1907 broke out. (The Panic of 1907 was so extreme that it led to the creation of the Federal Reserve a few years later.) Another financial crisis erupted in 1914, just on the heels of New York’s Woolworth Building becoming the tallest in the world. And on the eve of the Great Depression, multiple projects were all simultaneously competing to become the world’s tallest building, including the Empire State Building, the Chrysler Building, and the Manhattan Bank Trust Building (now known as the Trump Building). The construction of the World Trade Center and Chicago’s Sears Tower in the early 1970s, both of which became the tallest buildings in the world, immediately preceded the OPEC oil price shock in 1973 and the subsequent banking crisis and economic recession. The Petronas Towers were completed in 1998 in Malaysia, taking the title as tallest in the world, right before the Asian Financial Crisis broke out. Construction of the Taipei 101 tower, which became the tallest building in the world, began just months before the Dot-Com bubble burst and the Recession of the early 2000s began And of course the Burj Khalifa in Dubai became the world’s tallest building when its height reached 688 meters (2,257 feet) on 1 September 2008… literally days before Lehman Brothers went bankrupt and the Global Financial Crisis kicked off. Is all of this just a crazy coincidence? Or is there perhaps a link to the world’s tallest buildings and economic crises? It certainly stands to reason that enormous buildings are extremely expensive and require vast amounts of funding– something that is relatively easy to come by when the economy is near its cyclical peak. Ego and hubris are also abundant when an economy is near the top, as booms and peaks are often accompanied by ostentatious displays of wealth– including ambitious construction projects. During the 12th and 13th centuries, for example, when Italian city-states were the dominant powers of Europe, there was practically a competition among the richest citizens of Bologna, who built as many as 180 towers to show off their wealth. By the mid 1300s, of course, Bologna’s power faded, and the city fell into economic obscurity. It’s interesting to consider given the flurry of new projects, mostly in Asia, that are feverishly being constructed to rival the tallest building in the world. From the Goldin Finance tower in Tianjin (to be completed this year), to the Wuhan Greenland Center (also 2018), to the Jeddah Tower in Saudi Arabia (as early as 2019), there is no shortage of hubris, or debt-based funding, to drive these projects to record heights. All of these new towers, of course, are being built at a time when financial markets are near all-time highs and global debt is at an astonishing, record level of $233 trillion– several times the size of the global economy. Certainly it’s possible that these historical examples are just wild coincidences. But even if that were the case, a prudent, rational person still ought to recognize that economic booms never last forever. There are always periods of expansion, followed by periods of recession. And the more excessive the boom, the more painful the correction. We’ve been living through one of the longest periods of economic expansion in modern history– one that has been funded by massive quantities of debt, cheap interest rates, and trillions of dollars of new money conjured out of thin air. It would be utterly foolish to presume that this expansion will persist forever… and to willfully choose to NOT prepare for the inevitable downturn. And to continue learning how to ensure you thrive no matter what happens next in the world, I encourage you to download our free Perfect Plan B Guide.

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07 марта, 20:24

The Reopening of Woolworth's and Finding Your Store's "Story"

A Trip To The Lunch Counter Might Just Be What Food Retailers Need To Stay Relevant To Their Customers

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04 марта, 03:04

The Observer view on the collapse of Maplin and Toys R Us | Editorial

If jobs return to town centres, shops can prosperThe past decade has witnessed the collapse of several celebrated British high street brands, from Woolworths to BHS. Last week, two more familiar names – Toys R Us and Maplin – headed for the retail graveyard, just the latest indicator of the far-from-rosy outlook that faces the sector. A number of other famous names, from Debenhams, to Mothercare, to House of Fraser, appear to be teetering on the brink.The trends driving this are familiar. Shopping habits have changed profoundly; while consumers are spending less in shops, internet sales have been steadily growing, with one pound in five now being spent with online retailers. The fragile economy means less consumer cash to be spread around: real wages have been falling as the weak pound has driven up inflation post-Brexit. Many high street brands overexpanded during more auspicious economic times, leaving them burdened with debt and underperforming outlets. Continue reading...

26 февраля, 21:15

Dark Secrets Behind Prince William and Kate Middleton’s Past Breakup

Prince William and Duchess Kate may be happily married now, but back in 2007, the royal couple called it quits. Here's why they almost pulled the plug.

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23 февраля, 18:26

Woolworths заявила об увеличении полугодовой прибыли

Крупнейшая в Австралии сеть супермаркетов Woolworths зафиксировала рост чистой прибыли за 27 недель, завершившихся в декабре. Согласно отчету компании, полугодовая чистая прибыль увеличилась на 38% г/г и составила 969 млн австралийских долларов ($759,9 млн), а продажи от продолжающейся деятельности возросли на 4% г/г и достигли почти 30 млрд австралийских долларов. Кроме того, компания объявила о 26%-ном увеличении промежуточных дивидендов. Так, размер дивидендов был повышен до 43 австралийских центов на акцию.

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23 февраля, 18:15

Woolworths заявила об увеличении полугодовой прибыли

Крупнейшая в Австралии сеть супермаркетов Woolworths зафиксировала рост чистой прибыли за 27 недель, завершившихся в декабре. Согласно отчету компании, полугодовая чистая прибыль увеличилась на 38% г/г и составила 969 млн австралийских долларов ($759,9 млн), а продажи от продолжающейся деятельности возросли на 4% г/г и достигли почти 30 млрд австралийских долларов. Кроме того, компания объявила о 26%-ном увеличении промежуточных дивидендов. Так, размер дивидендов был повышен до 43 австралийских центов на акцию.

12 января, 18:38

Iliza Shlesinger’s Comedy Show Drama and Other Times Men Protested Sexism

These examples of men protesting sexism offer insight into a rarely covered topic.

29 декабря 2017, 16:00

Iliza Shlesinger’s Comedy Show Drama and Other Times Men Protested Sexism

These examples of men protesting sexism offer insight into a rarely covered topic.

14 декабря 2017, 17:55

BP's Plan to Buy Woolworth's Petrol Stations Rejected by ACCC

The buyout of Woolworth's stations by BP will considerably reduce competition in the retail fuel market, according to ACCC.

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13 ноября 2017, 17:15

15 Favorite Stores We Wish Would Come Back from the Dead

Some stores stay in our hearts forever. Here are some department stores we wish would make a comeback.

01 ноября 2017, 18:00

The Silence of the Lambs review – psycho-killer Hannibal still chills

Jonathan Demme’s thrilling masterpiece holds up terrifically well after 26 years, as Anthony Hopkins plays perilous mind games with Jodie FosterIt’s a film with the most sensational “entrance” scene in modern film history – and the person doing the entering is entirely still. This is also the least cute meet-cute. FBI rookie Clarice Starling is sent to interview notorious incarcerated serial killer Dr Hannibal Lecter in his glass cell, to see if he can be intrigued, or persuaded, or teased, into helping the agency track down another psychotic murderer, nicknamed Buffalo Bill, who is still at large.We come upon Lecter, along with Clarice, as he stands ramrod straight with his impassive black stare and thin smile, as still as a reptile in his tight-fitting prison fatigues. It’s a measure of the film’s horribly potent entertainment value that we take this preposterous situation seriously as a toughly realist, almost procedural thriller, and genuflect to Lecter’s fantastically preposterous intellectual attainments, making Woolworth’s-style pencil sketches of Clarice, cuddling a lamb. Continue reading...

25 сентября 2017, 13:00

The History of Sears Predicts Nearly Everything Amazon Is Doing

One hundred years ago, a retail giant that shipped millions of products by mail moved swiftly into the brick-and-mortar business, changing it forever. Is that happening again?

05 июля 2017, 17:27

The Biggest Threat to Modern Industry

Cybersecurity breaches don’t just affect governments and politicians. Big companies are targeted as well. This is one of the biggest threats to modern industry.

19 июня 2017, 10:56

Азиатские акции растут на снижении иены, акции технологического сектора отскакивают

Азиатские акции росли на снижении иены, поддерживающей японские компании, акции технологического сектора отскакивали после крупнейшего снижения за неделю с ноября. Акции Samsung Electronics Co. возглавили рост среди акций технологического сектора в индексе Азиатско-Тихоокеанского региона MSCI. Акции в Шанхае и Гонконге подскочили перед решением о возможном включении китайских акций в глобальные индексы. Иена снижалась против всех основных валют. Киви рос на фоне роста сектора услуг в максимальном темпе. Нефть продолжала снижаться, тогда как золото демонстрировало незначительные изменения после двух недель снижения. Глобальные индексы росли после распродажи акций технологического сектора на прошлой неделе, вызванной опасениями вокруг низкой волатильности среди крупнейших компаний в США. Торговые объемы были максимальными с середины марта, так как слабые данные по недвижимости и падение потребительских настроений добавились к признакам того, что рост американской экономики может быть слабее прогнозов. Индекс Азиатско-Тихоокеанского региона MSCI подрос на 0.5% в Токио. Акции Samsung выросли на 1.8%, тогда как акции Foxconn Technology Co. выросли на 6% с сентября. Акции Tencent Holdings Ltd., просевшие на 1.7% на прошлой неделе, выросли на 1.4%. Японский Topix подскочил на 0.6%, южнокорейский Kospi вырос на 0.3%. Австралийский S&P/ASX 200 вырос на 0.4%. Акции Woolworths Ltd. снизились на 3.7%. Индекс Hang Seng China Enterprises подскочил на 1.3%, Shanghai Composite добавил 0.5%. Asia Stocks Gain as Yen Falls, Tech Shares Rebound, Bloomberg, Jun 19 Источник: FxTeam

25 мая 2017, 16:16

Dina Merrill obituary

Heiress and philanthropist who became a Hollywood star playing poised, upper-class womenThere has seldom been more closeness between an acting career and a lifestyle than that of Dina Merrill, who has died aged 93. As an heiress, socialite and philanthropist, Merrill had little trouble portraying upper-crust women in films and television. Her patrician allure led her to be proclaimed “Hollywood’s new Grace Kelly” in 1959. Alas, Merrill was seldom given the chance to shine as much as the star who became a princess. Nevertheless, she had a long career in films from the mid-50s to the mid-60s, and appeared regularly on television from 1955.Perhaps she was best known on the big screen as Tony Curtis’s love interest in Blake Edwards’ Operation Petticoat (1959). The action comedy starred Cary Grant, who had been married to Merrill’s cousin, the Woolworth heiress Barbara Hutton. Almost as celebrated was her role as the love rival of Elizabeth Taylor’s character in Butterfield 8 (1960). Despite having won the best actress Oscar for her role, Taylor herself referred to the melodrama as “a piece of shit”. Merrill, who often brought class to tawdry material, was far too ladylike to use such language. Continue reading...

15 мая 2017, 17:53

Авария на крупнейшем в мире ядерном объекте Hanford Nuclear Site

После появления первой информации об аварии в Хэнфордском ядерном центре (Hanford Nuclear Site) публика на всех конспирологических форумах внимательно наблюдала за ситуацией. И на что все сразу обратили внимание: ни одно мейнстримное медиа сразу не сообщило о катастрофе. Все долго молчали и чего-то ждали.  Наверное первыми во всех США рассказали людям правду об аварии журналисты superstation95, которые с первых минут начали публиковать новости о ситуации. Однако внезапно вдруг всё изменилось.Все, наверное, уже видели два видео непосредственно с места событий. Ted Land получил их от сотрудников аварийного ядерного центра и через свой аккаунт в твиттере сделал доступными всему миру.    Однако после публикации этих роликов больше никакой информации с места событий не поступало.Что, у сотрудников ядерного центра разрядились все планшеты и телефоны? Или их отобрала служба охраны? Но зачем, если в аварийной ситуации нет ничего страшного, если все под контролем? Пусть люди снимают и фотографируют, выкладывают информацию в сеть, чтобы всех успокоить. Почему это запретили?Более того. Похоже, что некто побеседовало с самим Тедом и другими блоггерами, которые после публикации первых видео вдруг резко потеряли интерес к теме. Они или стали писать на другие темы, или вообще молчат уже много часов.Но самым большим разочарованием стала новое обновление отчета о ситуации от superstation95:  Таким образом аварию на крупнейшем в мире ядерном объекте сменила другая топ-новость - новость об увольнении директора ФБР.Вне всяких самомнений, увольнение чиновника такого ранга заслуживает быть в заголовках всех мировых новостей. Но если бы в этот момент была еще и авария на Фукусиме, то наверное новость об увольнении главы ФБР шла бы второй, а Фукусима была бы у всех в новостном топе. Но здесь мы имеем не какую-то атомную электростанцию у далеких япошек, у нас может взорваться ядерный центр прямо под боком! Это самая важная новость для всех канадцев и американцев. Даже для жителей Мексики, поскольку радиоактивное облако не остановится перед построенным Трампом забором! Почему эту новость сменили?Как не вспомнить сериал Prison Break, где в несколько пародийной форме показано то самое Глубинное государство. Помните, что во втором сезоне сказал прессе представитель этой структуры, когда к журналистам попали обличающие президента файлы? Он сказал: пусть спецслужбы немедленно арестуют каких-нибудь террористов, чтобы медиа вопили о террористах и все забыли про Кэролин Рейнолдс!Похоже, что то же самое мы видим сейчас, только на роль террориста назначили главу ФБР. Его отставка вытеснила из мозгов публики всё остальное. Американцы будут пялиться в рассказывающий про увольнение телевизор и жевать сендвичи, не замечая что им на головы уже сыплется ядерный пепел.Судя по тому, как Глубинное государство жестко контролирует информацию вокруг Hanford Nuclear Site - ситуация там очень серьезная. Она не может быть не серьезной, поскольку американцы научились делать самый лучший железобетон во всем мире.  Это знакомое каждому американцу здание Woolworth Building. Небоскреб в 57 этажей, построенный в 1913 м году. Ему сто лет! И он простоит еще сто, двести, наверное даже и тысячу лет, поскольку американские инженеры делать бетон УМЕЮТ.Empire State Building - еще одно построенное американцами здание, которое легко может простоять даже 1000 лет. В 1945-м году в Empire State Building врезался бомбардировщик B-25. И что? И ничего. Здание как стояло так до сих пор и стоит.  То же самое касается и качества бетона для железнодорожных тоннелей, в которых хранятся остатки радиоактивного топлива. Причем требования военных к прочности конструкции гораздо выше, чем для гражданских объектов, поскольку Hanford Nuclear Site для русских и китайских ракет - это цель первого удара. Хранилища ядерных отходов должны выдерживать ударную волну от упавшей рядом русской боеголовки мощностью 200 килотонн. Они должны выдерживать даже землетрясение 8-9 баллов. Stephen Schwartz у себя в твиттере приводит архитектурную схему этих тоннелей.  И теперь, когда мы понимаем насколько там всё было построено хорошо и прочно, мы должны задаться вопросом: а что же тогда тоннели разрушило? Неужели для постройки такого объекта наняли сицилийскую мафию и она налепила ядерные хранилища из песка?Такое крайне сомнительно, тем более в 1950-е и 1960-е, когда ФБР работало хорошо и гоняло по всей Америке агентов долбанных коммунистов. Поэтому единственное, что могло разрушить тоннель, это взрыв.Взрыв в тоннеле, устроенный агентами Путина, Северной Кореи или Китая не исключается, как не исключен и грандиозный фальшфлаг, устроенный спецслужбами самих США. Однако куда более вероятным кажется другой сценарий, а именно - сценарий Кыштымской катастрофы, произошедший у русских в 1957-м году.  29 сентября 1957 года в 16:22 из-за выхода из строя системы охлаждения произошёл взрыв ёмкости объёмом 300 кубических метров, где содержалось около 80 м кубических высокорадиоактивных ядерных отходов. Взрывом, оцениваемым в десятки тонн в тротиловом эквиваленте, ёмкость была разрушена, бетонное перекрытие толщиной 1 метр весом 160 тонн отброшено в сторону, в атмосферу было выброшено около 20 млн кюри радиоактивных веществ. Часть радиоактивных веществ была поднята взрывом на высоту 1-2 км и образовали облако, состоящее из жидких и твёрдых аэрозолей. В течение 10-12 часов радиоактивные вещества выпали на протяжении 300-350 км в северо-восточном направлении от места взрыва (по направлению ветра). В зоне радиационного загрязнения оказалась территория нескольких предприятий комбината "Маяк", военный городок, пожарная часть, колония заключённых и далее территория площадью 23 000 км? с населением 270 000 человек в 217 населённых пунктах трёх областей: Челябинской, Свердловской и Тюменской. Сам Челябинск-40 не пострадал. 90 % радиационных загрязнений выпали на территории химкомбината "Маяк", а остальная часть рассеялась дальше.В ходе ликвидации последствий аварии 23 деревни из наиболее загрязнённых районов с населением от 10 до 12 тысяч человек были отселены, а строения, имущество и скот уничтожены. Для предотвращения разноса радиации в 1959 году решением правительства была образована санитарно-защитная зона на наиболее загрязнённой части радиоактивного следа, где всякая хозяйственная деятельность была запрещена, а с 1968 года на этой территории образован Восточно-Уральский государственный заповедник. В настоящий момент зона заражения именуется Восточно-Уральским радиоактивным следом.Для ликвидации последствий аварии привлекались сотни тысяч военнослужащих и гражданских лиц, получивших значительные дозы облученияИз приведенной цитаты даже далекие от ядерной энергетики люди должны понимать, что радиоактивные отходы потому и радиоактивные, что там непрерывно происходит ядерная реакция. Ядерная реакция идет с выделением тепла, которое должно отводиться специальными системами.Сегодня всё именно так и делается - и у нас, и даже у русских. Радиоактивные материалы помещаются в специальные емкости, которые погружаются в воду для отвода тепла  Но эпоху становления ядерной энергетики всё было иначе. Как выглядят ядерные захоронения образца 1960-х наглядно видно из этого ролика:   Другими словами речь идет о каких-то железнодорожных тупиках, где свалены какие-то бочки с ядерными отходами. Ни о какой системе охлаждения там никто и не мыслил. И никто в эти хранилища даже не заходил более полувека, не вставлял в радиоактивные бочки градусник и не измерял температуру.Поэтому и скорее всего в результате неправильного хранения радиоактивные материалы в одном из контейнеров начали самопроизвольно разогреваться. В конечно итоге повышение температуры привело к взрыву, подобному тому что случился у русских на ядерном заводе "Маяк" в 1957-м году. Взрыв и обрушил бетонные конструкции тоннелей, которые были рассчитаны на землетрясения, на русский ядерный удар сверху, но никак не на детонацию изнутри.Специалистам все стало очевидно сразу. И сразу же началась блокировка информации, для чего сотрудники предприятия были не эвакуированы подальше от опасного места, а словно бараны согнаны в одно из помещений "Зоны 200" - якобы для их безопасности. Но на самом деле, когда толпа людей сидит в одном помещении ей полностью можно контролировать, не допуская никакой утечки информации. Информации о том, что авария на Hanford Nuclear Site - не не просто какая-то очередная техническая поломка, которую решают, а настоящая катастрофа - реальная Американская Фукусима.Ссылки(http://infomaxx.ru/perevo...)

11 мая 2017, 07:30

USA-shima 2017

После появления первой информации об аварии в Хэнфордском ядерном центре (Hanford Nuclear Site) публика на всех конспирологических форумах внимательно наблюдала за ситуацией. И на что все сразу обратили внимание: ни одно мейнстримное медиа сразу не сообщило о катастрофе. Все долго молчали и чего-то ждали.

02 мая 2017, 06:43

The Meaning Of May Day

function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible); Unlike the rest of the world’s democracies, the United States doesn’t use the metric system, doesn’t require employers to provide workers with paid vacations, hasn’t abolished the death penalty and doesn’t celebrate May Day as an official national holiday. Outside the U.S., May 1 is international workers’ day, observed with speeches, rallies and demonstrations. This year, millions of workers in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Latin America, as well as the United States and Canada, are taking to the streets to demand higher wages, better benefits and improved working conditions. Ironically, this celebration of working-class solidarity was started by the U.S. labor movement and soon spread around the world, but it never earned official recognition in this country. Since 2001, American unions and immigrant rights activists have resurrected May 1 as a day of protest around both workers rights and immigrant rights. The movement has been gaining momentum, enlisting more and more young immigrants and children of immigrants — called Dreamers — in the struggle for comprehensive immigration reform, which would bring many of the estimated 11 million living in the U.S. illegally out of the shadows. This year, the focus was on the threat posted by President Donald Trump to workers and immigrants. Signs at rallies around the U.S. focused on demands to raise the minimum wage and end the deportation of undocumented immigrants as well as demands for cities and states to declare themselves “sanctuaries” against federal deportation. “It was mostly immigrants who led the first May Day movement for the eight-hour day. Now a new generation of immigrant workers have revitalized and brought May Day back to life,” observed María Elena Durazo, a longtime union activist and former head of the Los Angeles County Federation of Labor, who is now running for the California state senate. “On May 1,” said Angelica Salas, executive director of the Coalition for Humane Immigrant Rights of Los Angeles, “the invisible become visible.” The original May Day was born of the movement for an eight-hour workday. After the Civil War, unregulated capitalism ran rampant in America. It was the Gilded Age, a time of merger mania, increasing concentration of wealth and growing political influence by corporate power brokers known as Robber Barons. New technologies made possible new industries, which generated great riches for the fortunate few, but at the expense of workers, many of them immigrants, who worked long hours, under dangerous conditions, for little pay. As the gap between the rich and other Americans widened dramatically, workers began to resist in a variety of ways. The first major wave of labor unions pushed employers to limit the workday to 10, then eight, hours. The 1877 strike by tens of thousands of railroad, factory and mine workers — which shut down the nation’s major industries and was brutally suppressed by the corporations and their friends in government — was the first of many mass actions to demand living wages and humane working conditions. By 1884, the campaign had gained enough momentum that the predecessor to the American Federation of Labor adopted a resolution at its annual meeting, “that eight hours shall constitute legal day’s labor from and after May 1, 1886.” On the appointed date, unions and radical groups orchestrated strikes and large-scale demonstrations in cities across the country. More than 500,000 workers went on strike or marched in solidarity and many more people protested in the streets. In Chicago, a labor stronghold, at least 30,000 workers struck. Rallies and parades across the city more than doubled that number, and the May 1 demonstrations continued for several days. The protests were mostly nonviolent, but they included skirmishes with strikebreakers, company-hired thugs and police. On May 3, at a rally outside the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company factory, police fired on the crowd, killing at least two workers. The next day, at a rally at Haymarket Square to protest the shootings, police moved in to clear the crowd. Someone threw a bomb at the police, killing at least one officer. Another seven policemen were killed during the ensuing riot, and police gunfire killed at least four protesters and injured many others. After a controversial investigation, seven anarchists were sentenced to death for murder, while another was sentenced to 15 years in prison. The anarchists won global notoriety, being seen as martyrs by many radicals and reformers, who viewed the trial and executions as politically motivated. Within a few years, unions and radical groups around the world had established May Day as an international holiday to commemorate the Haymarket martyrs and continue the struggle for the eight-hour day, workers’ rights and social justice. In the United States, however, the burgeoning Knights of Labor, uneasy with May Day’s connection to anarchists and other radicals, adopted another day to celebrate workers’ rights. In 1887, Oregon was the first state to make Labor Day an official holiday, celebrated in September. Other states soon followed. Unions sponsored parades to celebrate Labor Day, but such one-day festivities didn’t make corporations any more willing to grant workers decent conditions. To make their voices heard, workers had to resort to massive strikes, typically put down with brutal violence by government troops. In 1894, the American Railway Union, led by Eugene Debs, went on strike against the Pullman Palace Car Company to demand lower rents (Pullman was a company town that owned its employees’ homes) and higher pay following huge layoffs and wage cuts. In solidarity with the Pullman workers, railroad workers across the country boycotted the trains with Pullman cars, paralyzing the nation’s economy as well as its mail service. President Grover Cleveland declared the strike a federal crime and called out 12,000 soldiers to break the strike. They crushed the walkout and killed at least two protesters. Six days later, Cleveland — facing worker protests for his repression of the Pullman strikers — signed a bill creating Labor Day as an official national holiday in September. He hoped that giving the working class a day off to celebrate one Monday a year might pacify them. For most of the 20th century, Labor Day was reserved for festive parades, picnics and speeches sponsored by unions in major cities. But contrary to what President Cleveland had hoped, American workers, their families and allies, found other occasions to mobilize for better working conditions and a more humane society. America witnessed massive strike waves throughout the century, including militant general strikes and occupations in 1919 (including a general strike in Seattle), during the Depression (the 1934 San Francisco general strike, led by the longshoremen’s union; a strike of about 400,000 textile workers that same year; and militant sit-down strikes by autoworkers in Flint, Michigan, women workers at Woolworth’s department stores in New York, aviation workers in Los Angeles and others in 1937) and 1946 (which witnessed the largest strike wave in U.S. history, triggered by pent-up demands following World War II). The feminist, civil rights, environmental and gay rights movements drew important lessons from these labor tactics. Meanwhile, May 1 faded away as a day of protest. From the 1920s through the 1950s, radical groups, including the Communist Party, sought to keep the tradition alive with parades and other events, but the mainstream labor movement and most liberal organizations kept their distance, making May Day an increasingly marginal affair. In 1958, in the midst of the cold war, President Dwight Eisenhower proclaimed May 1 as Loyalty Day. Each subsequent president has issues a similar proclamation, although few Americans know about or celebrate the day. In 2001, unions and immigrant rights groups in Los Angeles resurrected May Day as an occasion for protest. The first few years saw rallies with several hundred participants, but in 2006 the numbers skyrocketed. That year, millions of people in over 100 cities — including more than a million in Los Angeles, 200,000 in New York and 300,000 in Chicago — participated in May Day demonstrations. The huge turnout was catalyzed by a bill, sponsored by Representative James Sensenbrenner Jr. (R-Wisconsin) and passed by the House the previous December, that would have classified as a felon anyone who helped undocumented immigrants enter or remain in the United States. In many cities, the protest, which organizers termed the “Great American Boycott,” triggered walkouts by high school students and shut down businesses that depended on immigrant workers. Since then, immigrant workers and their allies have adopted May Day as an occasion for protest. America is now in the midst of a new Gilded Age with a new group of corporate Robber Barons, many of them operating on a global scale. The top of the income scale has the biggest concentration of income and wealth since 1928. Several decades of corporate-backed assaults on unions have left only seven percent of private sector employees with union cards. More than half of America’s 15 million union members now work for government (representing 37 percent of all government employees), so business groups and conservative politicians have targeted public sector unions for destruction. Attacks during the past few years on teachers, cops, firefighters, human service workers and other public sector workers — the most ferocious anti-union crusade in decades — have catalyzed a tremendous sense of urgency among union workers and millions of other Americans who’ve seen their standard of living plummet while the richest Americans and big business plunder the economy. But we’ve also seen a resurgence of activism among the ranks of low-wage workers. Employees at Walmart, fast-food chains and other businesses have waged strikes, walkouts and other protests to demand better pay and working conditions. Public opinion in solidly behind these demands. Dozens of cities had passed minimum wage laws ― some as high as $15/hour. More than two-third of Americans support a federal minimum wage of $15/hour. This year’s May Day protests are one of a series of national marches that have taken place since Trump’s inauguration on January 20, including rallies for women’s rights, tax fairness, respect for science, and demands to address climate change. A growing resistance movement has mushroomed around the country, making it difficult for Trump and Republicans in Congress to pass their conservative agenda and raising the possibility that Democrats could win a majority of seats in the House of Representatives next year, which would neutralize Trump. Peter Dreier teaches politics and chairs the Urban & Environmental Policy Department at Occidental College. His latest book is The 100 Greatest Americans of the 20th Century: A Social Justice Hall of Fame (Nation Books, 2012). -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. 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